When Leaving Out the Subject Is Okay Remember that in Spanish the subject is often left out if it is clear

about whom they are speaking. Example: Como mucho. I eat a lot.

The -o at the end of the verb can only match yo, so you can only be talking about I. This is especially true when the subjects are yo, tú, and nosotros, since they do not share an ending with any other subject. Let’s practice saying the verb comer and then writing some of the other -er verbs.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

401

Práctica (Practice)
Below are the conjugated forms of the verb—comer—to eat. Listen and repeat as the teacher models the following verb forms in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat)

yo como ................................ I eat tú comes ............................... you eat (informal) usted come ........................... you eat (formal) él come ................................. he eats ella come .............................. she eats nosotros comemos .............. we eat (all males or a mixed group) nosotras comemos .............. we eat (all females) ustedes comen..................... you eat (plural) ellos comen .......................... they eat (all males or a mixed group) ellas comen .......................... they eat (all females) Now, listen and repeat the verb forms again.

402

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Below are common -er verbs. Listen and repeat as the teacher models the following verbs in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat)

comer ................................... to eat leer ....................................... to read vender ................................. to sell aprender .............................. to learn comprender ........................ to understand correr ................................... to run beber .................................... to drink creer ..................................... to believe or to think responder ............................ to answer or to reply ver ........................................ to see querer .................................. to want saber .................................... to know (knowledge) Now, listen and repeat the verbs again.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

403

Práctica (Practice)
Use the verb in the parentheses and pages 399-400 to write the correct form of the verb that is used with the following subjects. Then read the sentences to your partner. (comer) 1. Nosotros hamburguesas. las

(aprender)

2. Ella

español.

(vender)

3. Yo

la bicicleta.

(beber)

4. Susana

la leche.

(comprender) 5. Miguel no

inglés.

(correr)

6. Ellos por el parque.

(leer)

7. Tú

el libro.

(responder)

8. Ustedes

a la pregunta.

404

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Match each Spanish sentence with the correct picture. Write the letter on the line provided.

______

1. Ella lee el periódico.

A.

______

2. El bebé bebe el agua.

B.

______

3. El Sr. Castro vende frutas.

C.

e Th

a tt ze Ga

______

4. Carlos corre por el parque.

D.

______

5. Ana no comprende.

E.

?
______ 6. Los estudiantes comen en la cafetería. F.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

405

Práctica (Practice)
Use the list below to complete the following statements with the correct form of the verb comer—to eat. come comemos comen comes como

Modelo (Model): Paco

come

una hamburguesa.

1. Carmen

frutas.

2. Nosotros

el almuerzo.

3. Yo

chocolate.

4. Mis amigos

la ensalada.

5. Tú

un sandwich.

Use the list above to write your own sentences using the correct form of the verb comer—to eat. 6. 7. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

406

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

8. 9. 10.

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

407

Ver, querer, and saber—Irregular Verbs
The verbs ver (to see), querer (to want), and saber (to know) are somewhat unusual. They do not follow the rules you have just learned. They are called irregular verbs. Irregular verbs must be learned separately. Each one follows a different pattern. You will need to learn the following conjugation of each verb. See the following charts. Forms of ver—To See
yo tú veo ves I see, I am seeing you see, you are seeing (informal) you see, you are seeing (formal) he sees, he is seeing she sees, she is seeing we see, we are seeing (all males or a mixed group) we see, we are seeing (all females) you see, you are seeing (plural) they see, they are seeing (all males or a mixed group) they see, they are seeing (all females)

usted él ella nosotros nosotras

ve ve ve vemos vemos

ustedes ellos ellas

ven ven ven

Note: Only the yo form is irregular.

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Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Forms of querer—To Want
yo tú quiero quieres I want, I do want you want, you do want (informal) you want, you do want (formal) he wants, he does want she wants, she does want we want, we do want (all males or a mixed group) we want, we do want (all females) you want, you do want (plural) they want, they do want (all males or a mixed group) they want, they do want (all females)

usted él ella nosotros nosotras

quiere quiere quiere queremos queremos

ustedes ellos ellas

quieren quieren quieren

Note: All forms except nosotros and nosotras are irregular.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

409

Forms of saber—To Know (facts, information, or how to do something)

yo tú

sé sabes

I know, I do know you know, you do know (informal) you know, you do know (formal) he knows, he does know she knows, she does know we know, we do know (all males or a mixed group) we know, we do know (all females) you know, you do know (plural) they know, they do know (all males or a mixed group) they know, they do know (all females)

usted él ella nosotros nosotras

sabe sabe sabe sabemos sabemos

ustedes ellos ellas

saben saben saben

Note: Only the yo form is irregular. Please notice that the verb saber refers to knowing information or how to do something. This is not the word you use when you talk about knowing people and who they are. Let’s practice saying and using these verbs.

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Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Below are the conjugated forms of the verb ver—to see. Listen and repeat as the teacher models the following verb forms in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat)

yo veo ............................ I see tú ves ............................. you see (informal) usted ve ......................... you see (formal) él ve ................................ he sees ella ve ............................. she sees nosotros vemos ............ we see (all males or a mixed group) nosotras vemos ............ we see (all females) ustedes ven ................... you see (plural) ellos ven ........................ they see (all males or a mixed group) ellas ven ......................... they see (all females) Now, listen and repeat the verb forms again.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

411

Práctica (Practice)
Below are the conjugated forms of the verb querer—to want. Listen and repeat as the teacher models the following verb forms in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat)

yo quiero ....................... I want tú quieres ...................... you want (informal) usted quiere .................. you want (formal) él quiere ........................ he wants ella quiere ..................... she wants nosotros queremos ...... we want (all males or a mixed group) nosotras queremos ...... we want (all females) ustedes quieren............ you want (plural) ellos quieren ................. they want (all males or a mixed group) ellas quieren ................. they want (all females) Now, listen and repeat the verb forms again.

412

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Below are the conjugated forms of the verb saber—to know. Listen and repeat as the teacher models the following verb forms in Spanish. escuchen (listen) repitan (repeat)

yo sé ............................... I know tú sabes ......................... you know (informal) usted sabe ..................... you know (formal) él sabe ............................ he knows ella sabe ......................... she knows nosotros sabemos ........ we know (all males or a mixed group) nosotras sabemos ........ we know (all females) ustedes saben ............... you know (plural) ellos saben .................... they know (all males or a mixed group) ellas saben ..................... they know (all females) Now, listen and repeat the verb forms again.

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

413

Práctica (Practice)
Use the list below to complete the following statements with the correct form of the irregular verb ver—to see. ve vemos Modelo (Model): Miguel ven veo ve ves

el libro.

1. Yo 2. Ella 3. Nosotras 4. Ustedes 5. Tú no

a unos chicos. unos libros. el gato en el jardín. a la profesora en la clase. a tus amigos.

Use the list above to write your own sentences using the correct form of the irregular verb ver—to see. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Use the list below to complete the following statements with the correct form of the irregular verb querer—to want. Some forms of querer will be used more than once. queremos quiere quieren quieres quiero

Modelo (Model): Mamá 1. Yo 2. Pablo 3. Nosotros 4. Tú 5. Ellos

quiere

unas vacaciones. chocolate. practicar el piano. comprar una guitarra. mirar televisión. una casa nueva.

Use the list above to write your own sentences using the correct form of the irregular verb querer—to want. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

415

Práctica (Practice)
Use the list below to complete the following statements with the correct form of the irregular verb saber—to know (facts, knowledge, or how to do something). sabe sabemos saben sabes sabe sé

Modelo (Model): Juan

hablar inglés.

1. Yo 2. Mi papá 3. Nosotras no 4. Tú 5. Ellas

jugar al fútbol. reparar los carros. las matemáticas. hablar español. la lección.

Use the list above to write your own sentences using the correct form of the irregular verb saber—to know (facts, knowledge, or how to do something). 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

416

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

Práctica (Practice)
Use the list below to write the correct subject pronoun for each -ar and -er verb and the irregular verbs ver, querer, and saber. One or more terms will be used more than once. yo tú usted él ella nosotros ustedes ellos ellas

él, ella, usted Modelo (Model): estudia ____________________________________________ 1. buscamos __________________________________________________ 2. ve _________________________________________________________ 3. como ______________________________________________________ 4. trabajan ____________________________________________________ 5. contesto ____________________________________________________ 6. comprendes ________________________________________________ 7. visitan _____________________________________________________ 8. llegas ______________________________________________________ 9. vende ______________________________________________________ 10. creen ______________________________________________________

Unit 7: Asking Questions and Getting Information

417

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