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Summary of Chemical Bonding

Types of substances

Metals Ionic Covalent

Simple molecular
Giant metallic lattice Giant ionic lattice Giant covalent structure

Electrostatic forces of
Electrostatic forces of Covalent bonds with
attraction between Strong covalent bonds
attraction between weak intermolecular
cations and sea of between the atoms
oppositely charged ions forces of attraction
mobile electrons

Eg. sodium,
Eg. NaCl, LiF, MgO polar non-polar
magnesium, iron

High melting point
permanent dipole- temporary dipole-
except for Group 1 High melting point hydrogen bonding
permanent dipole instantaneous dipole

eg. HF, H2O HCl, CHCl3, SO2 CO2, CH4

Low melting point Low melting point

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