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Summary of Chemical Bonding

Types of substances

Metals Ionic Covalent

Giant covalent Simple molecular


Giant metallic lattice Giant ionic lattice
structure structure

Electrostatic forces of Electrostatic forces of


Covalent bonds with
attraction between attraction between Strong covalent bonds
weak intermolecular
cations and sea of oppositely charged between the atoms
forces of attraction
mobile electrons ions

Eg. sodium,
Eg. NaCl, LiF, MgO HCl, CHCl3, SO2 CO2, CH4
magnesium, iron

High melting point


except for Group 1 High melting point Low melting point Low melting point
metals

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