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Surge study report for Lifting station Rev.: 01 Date: 05.10.2016

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STORM WATER SYSTEM WORKS IN MADIAT ZAYED

SURGE STUDY REPORT FOR LIFTING STATION

Doc. No.

04.09.16 00 First Issue – For Approval UNNI

Prepared Approved
Date Revision Description of Revision Checked by
by by
REVISION RECORDING
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Surge study report for Lifting station Rev.: 01 Date: 05.10.2016

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Contents
1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 3

2. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM ........................................................................................ 3

3. SCOPE OF STUDY ............................................................................................................... 3


3.1 OBJECTIVE .................................................................................................................... 3

3.1.1 MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM PRESSURE DURING SURGE ...................... 3


3.2 CRITERIA ...................................................................................................................... 4

3.2.1 PRESSURE LIMITS (MAX. - MIN.) ............................................................ 4

4. TRANSIENT ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................... 4

5. MODELLING OF THE SYSTEM ........................................................................................... 4


5.1 INPUT DATA................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 PIPE DATA ................................................................................................. 5

5.1.2 PUMP DATA ............................................................................................... 6

5.1.3 CHECK VALVE DATA ............................................................................... 6

5.1.4 AIR VALVE ................................................................................................. 6

5.1.5 BOUNDARIES ............................................................................................ 7

5.1.6 ELEVATIONS ............................................................................................. 8


5.2 OUT PUT ....................................................................................................................... 9

5.2.1 MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM PRESSURE ................................................... 9

5.2.2 AIR INLET THROUGH THE VACUUM BREAK VALVE ......................... 11

6. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS ....................................................................................... 12

7. RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................................................................... 12

8. ATTACHEMENT ................................................................................................................. 12
1. PUMP CURVE .............................................................................................................. 12
2. INPUT DATA ................................................................................................................. 12
3. OUTPUT DATA ............................................................................................................. 12
4. DRAWINGS .................................................................................................................. 12
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Surge study report for Lifting station Rev.: 01 Date: 05.10.2016

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1. INTRODUCTION

Abudhabi Municipality intends to construct a new lifting station n at Madinat Zayed


and 750 m 350mm HDPE pipeline from the proposed lifting station to proposed
discharge chamber

WEPCO has been commissioned to perform the hydraulic study of the lifting station
and pipeline

2. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM

Pumping system is designed to carry a water capacity of 58.5 lps from wet well to
Discharge chamber via a 750m DN 350 HDPE pipeline.

The water level in the wet well varies between +106.0 m NADD and +107.0 m
NADD. The pump station consists of two (2) submersible pumps, where one (1)
pumps are in duty and one (l) in stand-by mode. Each pump shall provide a duty point
of 58.7lps at a head of 11 m at the pumps centreline (outlet).

Each pump is connected to the DN250 DI common discharge header, which is


connected to the main 315 mm HDPE Transmission Pipeline. This 315 mm HDPE
Transmission Pipeline has a length of 750 m to pressure relief chamber

3. SCOPE OF STUDY

3.1 OBJECTIVE

When the operating pump trips due to some reason, surge or water hammer will be
created in pipeline. This surge or water hammer will increase or decrease the pressure
in the line. Sometimes these pressure will be above or below the operating limit of
pipe line or pipe components. For the long term safety of the pipe line surge analysis
must be carried out to evaluate the effect of water hammer and necessary precautions
must be established

The objectives of the study is to evaluate the pressures pressure variations, if any,
caused by changes in the flow velocity, when the operating pump(s) stops abruptly

During the surge analysis the following will be verified:

3.1.1 Maximum and minimum pressure during surge

All pipelines will be verified in order to make sure that the maximum and minimum
pressure in the piping system will not exceed the limit set by the pipe manufacturer
during the surge.
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3.2 CRITERIA

The acceptance criteria for following process parameters must be as indicated below:

3.2.1 Pressure Limits (max. - min.)

The pressures occurring in the system during normal and emergency conditions shall
not exceed the maximum pressure rating of the pipelines which is 16 brag pressure,

Also minimum pressure shall not exceed -0.2 barg pressure during the surge

4. TRANSIENT ANALYSIS

The transient analysis will be carried out for the entire transmission scheme, to verify
all the objectives of the study as stated in clouse-3, according to the following
scenarios

1. Operating pump trip abruptly at full speed with out Vacuum release valve

2. Operating pump trip abruptly at full speed with Vacuum release valve

5. MODELLING OF THE SYSTEM

For the simulation of the transient condition, data’s related to the hydraulic components
such as pumps, check valves air release/vacuum release valves to be given the simulation
software as input. After simulation software will provide the output including the
maximum and minimum pressure in the line, behavior of the air release/ vacuum brake
valves
Detail input data is attached as Attachment - 2

5.1 PUMPING SYSTEM SCHEMATIC


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5.2 INPUT DATA


5.2.1 Pipe data

Pipe input data includes pipe diameters, pipe roughness and materials etc

Material Abbr. Max Pressure Modulus of Elasticity Poisons Ratio


description Roughness(mm) rating (MPa)
HDPE HDPE 0.1 16.0 barg 1066.923 0.3
Ductile Iron DI 0.15 16.0 barg 91975.73 0.211

Material description Used for the following areas of the system


Ductile Iron Used in pumping station compound up to Ch 0+000
HDPE Used from Chainage 0+000 to +0.756

Nominal Outside Diameter OD thickness Inner Diameter ID


Diameter (mm) (mm) (mm)
DI 250 274.0 6.8 254.4
HDPE 315 315 28.6 257.8
All pipelines ratings are PN 16.

Local pipe losses

Local losses such as bends and diffusers were taken into account for the modeling and
the following table presents the pressure loss coefficient (·) adopted for each local
loss. These values were determined based on the pipelines manufacturer’s related
documents.

Local losses
Elbow90 degree; R=l.5D 1.10
Elbow 45 degree; R=l.5D 0.20
Elbow 22.5 degree; R=1.5D 0.08
Elbow l 1.25 degree; R=l.5D 0.04
Line valve 1 00% opens 0.29
Diffuser 1:4 0.20
Tee; flow through run 0.30
Tee; flow through branch 0.90
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The head losses of approximately 12 pieces of various types of fittings were


considered in the hydraulic study for only the main 315mm HDPE pipeline. All the
details are available in the attachments of this report.

5.2.2 Pump data

The following pump data is used in the model. Please refer to the Pump Curve
attached as attachement-1 for more information

Pump Manufacturer KSB


Type & Size: KRTK 150/315
Speed of Rotation 1479
Duty point

Flow rate per Delivered pump Rated Number of pumps in


pump Head Speed operation
[lps] [ ml [rpml [Duty + Standby]
58.5 11 1470 1+1

5.2.3 Check Valve data

Check valve will be installed at the discharge side of the pumps to avoid the back
flow during the tripping of the pumps. Following check valve used in this project
Pump discharge check valve data as follows

Brand FAF valves


Type DN 250 PN16
Inner diameter 250 mm
Loss Coefficient 4.5
Head Loss 0.042 barg

5.2.4 Air valve


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Air Valve/vacuum release valve data as follows

Brand FAF valves


Size DN 50 PN16
Type Double Chamber Double Floating
Ball Type

Air valve to connect every local high point of pipeline .The air valve used in this
project act as air release valve as well as the vacuum brake valve. Vacuum break
valve will introduce air in to the line when the surge pressure goes to negative thus by
protecting the pipe line. The location of air valve connected to the in the pipe line per
below list

Name Chainage
ARV-1 0+000
ARV-2 0+524.99

5.2.5 Boundaries

Upstream boundaries

The upstream boundary of the system is the wet well.

The wet well shall have four different water levels:

Low Low (LL) Level: 106.64 m ADD

Low (L) Level: 107.14 m ADD

High (H) Level: 107.34 m ADD

High High (HH) Level: 107.84 m ADD

The wet well is modeled with a constant head at Levels LL (+ 106.640 m ADD)
which represent the worst case condition.

Downstream boundaries

The downstream boundary of the system is the prosed discharge chamber at chain age
0+756, the invert level is 112.5 m ADD
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5.2.6 Elevations

Pipeline elevation is always related to the top of the pipeline and refers to the New
Abu Dhabi Datum (NADD). The following chart highlights the 315mm HDPE
pipeline

Chanage Elevation(m) Remarks


0+000 111.83
0+005 111.82 Air release valve - 1
0+020 110.415
0+040 110.315
0+060.75 107.863
0+071.6 107.875
0+133.65 108.006
0+156.64 110.4
0+200 110.577
0+250 110.782
0+300 110.987
0+350 111.192
0+400 111.397
0+450 111.602
0+500 111.807
0+524.99 111.91 Air release valve - 2
0+550 111.784
0+600 111.534
0+650 111.284
0+661.53 111.227
0+679.34 110.083
0+685.84 110.05
Figure 1 Profile of the pipe line
0+700 110.12
0+711.84 110.178
0+738.4 110.31
0+750 111.854
0+756 112.5
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5.3 OUT PUT


Simulation done in tow scenarios as per the section 4
Detailed software output of both scenarios are attached as attachment – 3. The main
output is follows

5.3.1 Maximum and minimum pressure

The maximum and minimum pressure is provide in graphical format throughout the
profile

Figure 2 Scenario 1
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Figure 3 Scenario-2
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5.3.2 Air inlet through the vacuum break valve

The air volume introduces during surge (scenario – 2) is provide in graphical format

Junction 9 ARV- 1, Junction 10 ARV-2


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6. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS

The results of the surge steady for the two scenarios are indicated below

Scenario - 1

Pressure (MWC g) Chainage(m)


Maximum 10.04109 0+000
Minimum -5.165178 0+015.971

Scenario - 2

Pressure (MWC g) Chainage(m)


Maximum 10.04109 0+000
Minimum -1.938349 0+590.2777

7. RECOMMENDATIONS

According to the above mentioned results. We hereby confirm the Maximum and
minimum pressure will not cross the design limit of the pipe line during surge when
the vacuum brake valves are active

However the air release/vacuum break be Double Chamber Double Floating Ball
Type which will act as vacuum break valve during surge and never be isolated

8. ATTACHMENT

1. Pump Curve

2. Input data

3. Output data scenario 1

4. Output data scenario 2

5. Drawings