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1. For a system defined by y[n] = n x[n], the input and output signals are x[n] and y[n] respectively.

The
system is
(a) time-invariant, invertible, linear and causal
(b) time-variant, invertible, linear and causal
(c) time-invariant, invertible, non-linear and causal
(d) time-variant, invertible, linear and non-causal

2. The auto-correlation of a sequence x[n] is an


(a) even function for real x[n] and it represents the energy of the signal x[n] when lag is zero
(b) even function for real x[n] and it represents the power of the signal x[n] when lag is zero
(c) odd function for real x[n] and it represents the energy of the signal x[n] when lag is zero
(d) odd function for real x[n] and it represents the power of the signal x[n] when lag is zero

3. The difference equation of a system is given by y[n] + 0.2y[n-1] - 0.48y[n-2] = x[n]. The impulse
response of the system with zero initial conditions is
n n
(a) y[n]= 0.5714(0.8) u[n] + 0.4286(0.6) u[n]
n n
(b) y[n]= 0.4286(-0.8) u[n] + 0.5714(0.6) u[n]
n n
(c) y[n]= 0.5714(-0.8) u[n] + 0.4286(0.6) u[n]
n n
(d) y[n]= 0.5714(0.8) u[n] + 0.4286(-0.6) u[n]

 H ( )
2
4. For a FIR filter coefficients h(n) = [1 2 3 2 1], d is

(a) 38 
(b) 28 
(c) 18 
(d) 8

5. A three point moving average system is described using y[n] = 1/3 {x[n+1] + x[n] + x[n-1]}. For this
system, the magnitude of H() is
(a) |1+2 cos|
(b) 1
(c) 1/3|1+2 cos|
(d) 1/3

6. The DFT of two sequences x1[n] and x2[n] are X1[k] = {7, -1-j4, -1, -1+ j4} and X 2[k] = {6, 2-j2, -2, 2+j2}
respectively. The convolution of these two sequences is
(a) {6, 13, 16, 7}
(b) {1, 4, 2, 0}
(c) {2, 3, 0, 1}
(d) {2, 11, 16, 7}

7. The 3-dB frequency of an IIR filter y[n] - 0.5y[n-1] = x[n] is


(a) 0.5 
(b) 0.27 
(c) 0.77 
(d) 0.1 

8. Zero padding of a sequence results in


(a) high-density spectrum
(b) high-resolution spectrum
(c) high-density and high-resolution spectrum
(d) more peaks and valleys in the spectrum

9. For a periodic sequence x[n] = {1, 1, 0, 0} with period N = 4, the Fourier coefficients are
(a) 1/2, (1-j)/4, 0, (1+j)/4
(b) 1/4, (2-j)/4, 0, (2+j)/4
(c) 1/2, (1+j)/4, 1, (1-j)/4
(d) 1/4, (1-j)/4, 1, (1+j)/4

n
10. If the impulse response of a low pass filter is h LP(n), then h(n)=(-1) hLP(n) represents a
(a) low-pass filter
(b) high-pass filter
(c) band-pass filter
(d) notch filter