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ped by the controlled removal of stone. Owing to the permanence of the material, evidence can be found that even the earliest societies indulged in some form of stone work. Petroglyphs (also called rock engravings) are perhaps the earliest form: images created by removing part of a rock surface which remains in situ, b y incising, pecking, carving, and abrading. Monumental sculpture covers large wo rks, and architectural sculpture, which is attached to buildings. Hardstone carv ing is the carving for artistic purposes of semi-precious stones such as jade, a gate, onyx, rock crystal, sard or carnelian, and a general term for an object ma de in this way. Engraved gems are small carved gems, including cameos, originall y used as seal rings. Bronze sculpture Bronze is the most popular metal for cast metal sculptures; a cast bronze sculpt ure is often called simply a "bronze". Common bronze alloys have the unusual and desirable property of expanding slightly just before they set, thus filling the finest details of a mold. Their strength and lack of brittleness (ductility) is an advantage when figures in action are to be created, especially when compared to various ceramic or stone materials (see marble sculpture for several example s). Wood carving Arnold Henry Savage Landor, Making sculpture in Tibet, 1905 Wood carving is a form of working wood by means of a cutting tool held in the ha nd (this may be a power tool), resulting in a wooden figure or figurine (this ma y be abstract in nature) or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object. Casting See also: Lost-wax casting Casting is a manufacturing process by which a liquid material is (usually) poure d into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then all owed to solidify. The solid casting is then ejected or broken out to complete th e process. Casting may be used to form hot liquid metals or various material s that cold set after mixing of components (such as epoxies, concrete, plaster a nd clay). Casting is most often used for making complex shapes that would be oth erwise difficult or uneconomical to make by other methods. Casting is a 6,000-year-old process. The oldest surviving casting is a coppe r frog from 3200 BC. The casting process is subdivided into two distinct sub groups: expendable and non-expendable mold casting. Types of sculpture (SAM CHECK MO MGA WEBSITE NA NILAGAY PARA DOON SA ; SHOW S MOE WORKS FOR EACH KIND HA) Bust Miniature figure Statue Architectural sculpture bust (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bust_(sculpture)) is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure, depi cting a person's head and neck, as well as a variable portion of the chest and s
or an event. A sma ll statue.houlders. Architectural sculpture is the term for the use of sculpture by an architect and . are certainly included. usually small enough to be picked up. a three-day centennial celebration in her honor attracted 12 million.wikipedia. whereby the hors e's hooves are supposed to indicate how the rider met his end. or the l ife of an influential person. as used in miniature wargaming and roleplaying games (http://en. The guest list was unique. or perhaps was just wounded in battle. Larger scale toys such as dolls and action figures may come in military uniforms. Toy soldiers vary from simple playthings to highly realistic and detailed models . On rare occasions. and in many cases. with a large r magnitude than normal words could ever have for the common man. Many statues are built on commission to commemorate a historical event. A statue (http://en.org/wiki/Miniature_figure_(gaming)) A collectable figurine. Its primary concern is representational. hollow cast metal figures. called Equestrian statues. There are many different kinds of toy soldi ers." There is an urban legend concerning a code for mounted statues. These forms recreate the likeness of an individual.wikipedia. These may be of any suitable material (such as marble . suc h as a Madonna and Child or a Pietà. and includes kn ights. and plastic army men. The term appl ies to depictions of uniformed military personnel from all eras. "Each one arrived accompanied by native music.   Statues are amongst the wonders of the world. The piece is normally supported by a plinth. as opposed to a bust. exhibited outdoors or in public buildings for the edification of passers-by. with the Colossus of Rhodes and th e Statue of Zeus at Olympia among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the Moai of Easter Island among the wonders of the modern world.org/wiki/Statue) is a sculpture in the round representing a person or persons. statues themselves become historic and inspire their own hist oric events. pirates. composition fig ures. collectible figures are often sold individually. The latter are of more recent development and are sometimes called model figur es to distinguish them from traditional toy soldiers. director of the event. a sculpture of two people will also be. the practice appears to hav e died out in the 19th century. One hoof off the floor would indicate the rider died of wounds received in battle. or larger. and other subjects that involve combat-related themes. often an artistic. The definition of a statue is not always clear-cut. and at least close to life-si ze. Toy soldiers are made from all types of material. but they are not general ly considered toy soldiers." said Jeanne Fleming. an animal. Toy soldiers are traditionally sold in sets. normally full-length. but mod ern. and sometimes a prehistoric or antiqu e specimen Toy soldier A toy soldier is a miniature figurine that represents a soldier. In 1986. "We invited all the great statues of the world to her bi rthday party and created giant puppets to represent them. is called a statuette or Figuri ne. when the Statue of Liberty marked her one-hundredth annive rsary. Miniature figure may refer to: Miniature figure (gaming). but the most common mass produ ced varieties are metal and plastic. sculptures of a person on a horse. two hooves off the floor would indicate the rider was k illed in battle. Many statues are intended as public art. bronze or clay). An examination of the equestrian statues in most major European cities shows this is not true. including tin soldiers or flats. cowboys. If it ever was true.
It has also been defined as./or sculptor in the design of a building. mausoleum or other such projec t. but freestanding works th at are part of the original design are also considered to be architectural sculp ture. The sculpture is usually attached to the structure. an integral part of a building or sculpture created especially to decorate or embellish an architectural structure. bridge.  Architectural sculpture has been employed by builders throughout history and in virtually every continent on earth save pre-colonial Australia. .