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Standard Multiple Regression

REGRESSION
/DESCRIPTIVES MEAN STDDEV CORR SIG N
/MISSING PAIRWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS CI(95) R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT Total
/METHOD=ENTER PGV FRV
/SCATTERPLOT=(*ZRESID ,*ZPRED)
/RESIDUALS NORMPROB(ZRESID)
/CASEWISE PLOT(ZRESID) OUTLIERS(3)
/SAVE MAHAL COOK.

Regression

[DataSet1] C:\Users\Dell\Documents\Rina data set 003.sav

Descriptive Statistics

Mean Std. Deviation N

Mathematics Score 45.50 14.506 135


PGV 107.86 14.710 135
FRV 32.4519 6.63631 135

Correlations

Mathematics PGV FRV


Score
Mathematics Score 1.000 .074 .225
Pearson Correlation PGV .074 1.000 .141
FRV .225 .141 1.000
Mathematics Score . .197 .004
Sig. (1-tailed) PGV .197 . .051
FRV .004 .051 .
Mathematics Score 135 135 135
N PGV 135 135 135
FRV 135 135 135

Variables Entered/Removeda
Model Variables Entered Variables Method
Removed

1 FRV, PGVb . Enter

a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score


b. All requested variables entered.

Model Summaryb

Model R R Square Adjusted R Std. Error of the


Square Estimate

1 .229a .052 .038 14.228

a. Predictors: (Constant), FRV, PGV


b. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score

ANOVAa

Model Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig.

Regression 1476.246 2 738.123 3.646 .029b


1 Residual 26721.503 132 202.436

Total 28197.748 134


a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score
b. Predictors: (Constant), FRV, PGV

Coefficientsa

Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized t Sig. 95.0% Confidence Interval for B Correlations Collinearity Statistics
Coefficients
B Std. Error Beta Lower Bound Upper Bound Zero-order Partial Part Tolerance VIF
(Constant) 25.394 10.278 2.471 .015 5.063 45.725
1 PGV .043 .084 .043 .504 .615 -.124 .209 .074 .044 .043 .980 1.020

FRV .478 .187 .219 2.555 .012 .108 .848 .225 .217 .217 .980 1.020
a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score

Collinearity Diagnosticsa

Model Dimension Eigenvalue Condition Index Variance Proportions

(Constant) PGV FRV


1 1 2.964 1.000 .00 .00 .00
2 .028 10.346 .04 .17 .92

3 .009 18.531 .96 .83 .08

a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score

Casewise Diagnosticsa

Case Number Std. Residual Mathematics Predicted Value Residual


Score

115 3.405 95 46.55 48.450


116 3.244 91 44.85 46.149

a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score

Residuals Statisticsa

Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation N


Predicted Value 37.11 55.94 45.50 3.319 135
Std. Predicted Value -2.528 3.147 .000 1.000 135
Standard Error of Predicted Value 1.261 5.138 2.012 .673 135
Adjusted Predicted Value 36.72 54.93 45.48 3.283 135
Residual -33.852 48.450 .000 14.121 135
Std. Residual -2.379 3.405 .000 .993 135
Stud. Residual -2.391 3.421 .001 1.002 135
Deleted Residual -34.176 48.903 .021 14.399 135
Stud. Deleted Residual -2.435 3.570 .004 1.017 135
Mahal. Distance .060 16.480 1.985 2.387 135
Cook's Distance .000 .083 .007 .012 135
Centered Leverage Value .000 .123 .015 .018 135
a. Dependent Variable: Mathematics Score

Charts
Interpretation for Standard Multiple Regression

A Standard Multiple Regression was calculated to predict the mathematics achievement of girls based on Family related variables and attitudes of girls and their parents in mathematical

activities at home as daily basis. A significant regression equation was found (F (2, 132) = 3.64, p< 0.029) with an R2 of 0.052. Participants predicted Mathematics Achievement is equal to

25.39 + 0.043 (PGV) + 0.478 (FRV), where PGV coded as Parents and girls attitudes related variables toward their daily mathematical activities at home and FRV coded as family related

variables. The girls’ achievement in mathematics increased 0.48 unit of family related variables and parents attitudes notably important than girls students. Both family related variables and

parent and girls attitudes were significant predictors of mathematics achievement of girls.
Correlation Analysis

DATASET ACTIVATE DataSet3.


CORRELATIONS
/VARIABLES=MSCORE Age Focu Mocu Fedu Medu Finco Minco Fmem Hmat Sroo Stim PGV
/PRINT=TWOTAIL NOSIG
/STATISTICS DESCRIPTIVES
/MISSING=PAIRWISE.

Correlations

[DataSet3] C:\Users\Dell\Documents\Rina Data set001.sav

Descriptive Statistics

Mean Std. Deviation N


MSCORE 2.59 1.174 135
Age 2.64 1.364 135
Focu 3.82 2.199 135
Mocu 2.50 1.723 135
Fedu 2.69 1.033 135
Medu 2.00 1.051 135
Finco 3.90 1.527 135
Minco 2.45 1.927 135
Fmem 4.26 1.908 135
Hmat 2.20 1.057 135
Sroo 2.56 .709 135
Stim 3.44 1.231 135
PGV 107.86 14.710 135

Correlations

MSCORE Age Focu Mocu Fedu Medu Finco Minco Fmem Hmat Sroo Stim PGV
* ** ** ** ** ** * **
Pearson Correlation 1 -.135 .128 .195 .418 .363 .239 .320 -.232 .175 .140 .408 .220*
MSCORE
Sig. (2-tailed) .118 .139 .024 .000 .000 .005 .000 .007 .043 .107 .000 .010
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation -.135 1 -.154 -.045 -.054 -.068 -.058 -.042 -.081 -.105 .017 -.034 -.105
Age Sig. (2-tailed) .118 .075 .600 .532 .435 .507 .627 .349 .227 .843 .698 .224
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
** ** ** ** **
Pearson Correlation .128 -.154 1 .428 .225 .307 .419 .229 -.071 .038 -.051 -.040 .073
Focu Sig. (2-tailed) .139 .075 .000 .009 .000 .000 .008 .415 .662 .556 .645 .403
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
* ** ** * **
Pearson Correlation .195 -.045 .428 1 .147 .264 .207 .345 .008 .116 .038 .071 .163
Mocu Sig. (2-tailed) .024 .600 .000 .088 .002 .016 .000 .930 .179 .662 .411 .059
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
** ** ** ** *
Pearson Correlation .418 -.054 .225 .147 1 .454 .334 .191 -.148 .146 .166 .161 .139
Fedu Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .532 .009 .088 .000 .000 .026 .086 .090 .054 .063 .109
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .363** -.068 .307** .264** .454** 1 .246** .299** -.112 .101 .200* -.035 .105
Medu Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .435 .000 .002 .000 .004 .000 .197 .245 .020 .690 .224
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .239** -.058 .419** .207* .334** .246** 1 .379** -.183* .101 .212* .120 .103
Finco Sig. (2-tailed) .005 .507 .000 .016 .000 .004 .000 .034 .245 .013 .167 .233
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .320** -.042 .229** .345** .191* .299** .379** 1 -.221* .212* .296** .045 .091
Minco Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .627 .008 .000 .026 .000 .000 .010 .014 .000 .603 .292
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation -.232** -.081 -.071 .008 -.148 -.112 -.183* -.221* 1 -.104 -.140 -.195* -.241**
Fmem Sig. (2-tailed) .007 .349 .415 .930 .086 .197 .034 .010 .232 .104 .024 .005
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .175* -.105 .038 .116 .146 .101 .101 .212* -.104 1 .070 .145 .144
Hmat Sig. (2-tailed) .043 .227 .662 .179 .090 .245 .245 .014 .232 .422 .094 .095
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .140 .017 -.051 .038 .166 .200* .212* .296** -.140 .070 1 .096 -.007
Sroo Sig. (2-tailed) .107 .843 .556 .662 .054 .020 .013 .000 .104 .422 .268 .931
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .408** -.034 -.040 .071 .161 -.035 .120 .045 -.195* .145 .096 1 .295**
Stim Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .698 .645 .411 .063 .690 .167 .603 .024 .094 .268 .001
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Pearson Correlation .220* -.105 .073 .163 .139 .105 .103 .091 -.241** .144 -.007 .295** 1
PGV Sig. (2-tailed) .010 .224 .403 .059 .109 .224 .233 .292 .005 .095 .931 .001

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
*. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

NONPAR CORR
/VARIABLES=MSCORE Age Focu Mocu Fedu Medu Finco Minco Fmem Hmat Sroo Stim PGV
/PRINT=SPEARMAN TWOTAIL NOSIG
/MISSING=PAIRWISE.

Nonparametric Correlations

[DataSet3] C:\Users\Dell\Documents\Rina Data set001.sav

Correlations

MSCORE Age Focu Mocu Fedu Medu Finco Minco Fmem Hmat Sroo Stim PGV
Correlation Coefficient 1.000 -.119 .132 .075 .411** .292** .210* .257** -.230** .175* .092 .414** .223**

MSCORE Sig. (2-tailed) . .168 .126 .386 .000 .001 .014 .003 .007 .043 .286 .000 .009
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Correlation Coefficient -.119 1.000 -.203* -.055 -.121 -.125 -.101 -.066 .014 -.109 .048 -.035 -.063
Age Sig. (2-tailed) .168 . .018 .524 .162 .149 .242 .447 .871 .209 .583 .689 .468

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient .132 -.203* 1.000 .251** .254** .294** .449** .233** -.140 .039 .012 -.052 .047

Focu Sig. (2-tailed) .126 .018 . .003 .003 .001 .000 .007 .104 .650 .894 .552 .586
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Correlation Coefficient .075 -.055 .251** 1.000 .023 .102 .097 .285** -.023 .059 .017 -.026 .141
Mocu Sig. (2-tailed) .386 .524 .003 . .790 .238 .261 .001 .792 .495 .843 .767 .103

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient .411** -.121 .254** .023 1.000 .424** .319** .170* -.130 .139 .134 .174* .150

Fedu Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .162 .003 .790 . .000 .000 .049 .134 .107 .121 .044 .083
Spearman's rho
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient .292** -.125 .294** .102 .424** 1.000 .199* .313** -.069 .112 .108 -.053 .075

Medu Sig. (2-tailed) .001 .149 .001 .238 .000 . .021 .000 .427 .196 .214 .545 .390
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient .210* -.101 .449** .097 .319** .199* 1.000 .319** -.196* .081 .228** .119 .105

Finco Sig. (2-tailed) .014 .242 .000 .261 .000 .021 . .000 .023 .351 .008 .168 .227
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient .257** -.066 .233** .285** .170* .313** .319** 1.000 -.177* .202* .274** .009 .031
Minco Sig. (2-tailed) .003 .447 .007 .001 .049 .000 .000 . .040 .019 .001 .921 .724

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
Correlation Coefficient -.230** .014 -.140 -.023 -.130 -.069 -.196* -.177* 1.000 -.073 -.076 -.178* -.219*
Fmem Sig. (2-tailed) .007 .871 .104 .792 .134 .427 .023 .040 . .401 .384 .039 .011
N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Hmat Correlation Coefficient .175* -.109 .039 .059 .139 .112 .081 .202* -.073 1.000 .068 .158 .156
Sig. (2-tailed) .043 .209 .650 .495 .107 .196 .351 .019 .401 . .432 .067 .071

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Correlation Coefficient .092 .048 .012 .017 .134 .108 .228** .274** -.076 .068 1.000 .092 .010

Sroo Sig. (2-tailed) .286 .583 .894 .843 .121 .214 .008 .001 .384 .432 . .291 .906

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
** * *
Correlation Coefficient .414 -.035 -.052 -.026 .174 -.053 .119 .009 -.178 .158 .092 1.000 .309**

Stim Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .689 .552 .767 .044 .545 .168 .921 .039 .067 .291 . .000

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Correlation Coefficient .223** -.063 .047 .141 .150 .075 .105 .031 -.219* .156 .010 .309** 1.000

PGV Sig. (2-tailed) .009 .468 .586 .103 .083 .390 .227 .724 .011 .071 .906 .000 .

N 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
*. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).

Interpretation for Correlation: Fedu and MSCORE (Pearson Correlation)

The relationship between girls’ achievement in mathematics and their fathers’ level of education attainment was calculated using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient. Preliminary

analysis were performed to ensure no violation of the assumptions of normality, linearity and homoscedasticity. There was positive correlation between the two variables r = 0.418, n = 135, p

< .001, with moderate levels of educational attainment associated with moderate levels of achievement in mathematics.