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IMPORTANT INFORMATION

• OI'ERATOR AND PASSENGER


This motorcycle is designed to carry the opcr:nor and one passenger. Never ex<.-ee<! lhe mU:Illlllum
weight capacity as shown on the lire infonnmion label.

• ON·ROAD USt:
This motorcycle is not equippo..'d with a spark arrester and i, dC\lgned to hi- used only un the rood
Opermion in forcs!. brush or grass covered arcas may be illegal. Obey Irll:allaws and rc~ul.ll1un\

• READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL CAREfULLY


Pay special attention to Ihe safcly mc~sagcs Ihm appc:tr lhroughoullhc manual. These nlC";lge~
arc fully explained Il1IIle "Safcly Messagcs" secllon whIch appears 0pposllC the Content, page.

This manual should be considered a permulIcnl part of the tllOl"n:ycle and should remain wllh the
motorcycle when resold.
HONDA VT75OC3lCD3 2001
SHADOWlDeluxe
American Classic Edition
OWNER'S MANUAL

All inronn8tion in this publication is based on the latest production Infonnatlon available at
the time of approval for printing. HONDA MOTOR CO., "TD. reserves the right to make
changes alllny time without notice and without incurring any obligation.
No part of Ihis publication may be reproduced without written permission.
CI Honda Motor Co.. Ltd. 2000
WELCOME
Your new motorcycle presents you with an invitation to adventure and a challenge 10 master lhe
machine. Your safcly depends not only on your own alertness and familiarity with the motorcycle,
but also the motorcycle's ml:chanical condilion. A pre-ride inspection before every outing and
regular maintenance are essential.

To help meet lhe chaJlcnge.'l safely and enjoy the adventure fully. become thoroughly familiar with
this Owner's Manual BEFORE YOU RIDE THE MOTORCYCLE.

Also for your own and your Honda's sake. please read all the wrillcn material which came wilh your
new Honda. These items include:

• Honda Owncr"s Idcnlificalioll Card


• Honda Motorcycle Watr.rn,ic." IJIXJklc1
• SCI-UP and Pre-dclivery Chcddisl (USA only)
.You And Your Motorcycle RIDING TIPS & PRACTICE GUIDE (USA only)

When service is required. remember that yoor Honda dealer knows what itl:lkes 10 keep your Honda
going strong. If you have the required mt.'Chanic;11 "know·how·· and tools, your dealer can supply
you with an official Honda Service Manual to help you pcrfonn many maintenance and repair tasks.

Ple,L~ant riding, and thank you for choosing a Honda!


SAFETY MESSAGES
Your safety. and the safety of ochers. is very important. We hu\-e provided important safety
Imssages in this manual and on your mOl:orcycie. Please read these messages carefully.

A ~arety message alens you 10 po(cnlial hal'~ thai can hun you and ochers. Each safely message
is preceded by a s:lfety alen symbol ... alKl one of three words DANGER, WARNING, or
CAUTION.
1bese mean:
~~ DANGER You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT If you don't follow
instructions.

.. WARNING You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don't follow


Instructions.

~~ CAUTION You CAN be HURT If you don't follow instructions.

Each message lells you whallhe hazard is, what can happen, and what you can do to avoid or rcdu<:c
injury.
Damage Prevention M~ges
You will also Sl."C other important ma'iage.~ lhal arc preceded by the word NOnCE.
This word n)C.ul.~:
[Nonce I Your mOiorcycle or other property can be l.hllllllg..'\1 if you don't follow
inslr\Jclions.

The purpose or IIIL-..e rne'~:.ges is 10 help pI'Cvcnl dalllage 10 your I-Ionda, olhc! I'lOpcrty. or the
environment.
OPERATION
Page Page
I MOTORCYCLE SAFETY 35 ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL
I Important Safely Information COMPONENTS
3 Protective Apparel 35 Ignition Swilctl
S Load limits and Guidelines 36 RighI Handlebar Controls
7 Accc:ssorics and ModiflCal:ions 37 Left Handlebar Controls
9 Safety Labels
38 FEATURES (Not required foroperalion)
II PARTS LOCATION 38 Steering Lock
14 Instruments and Indicators 39 Helmet Holder
40 Side Cover
18 MAJOR COMPONENTS (Inform:uion 41 Tool Kit COmplln11lCnt
you need 10 opcrJle this motorcycle) 42 Owner's Manual Stor..gc
18 Suspension 43 Scat
19 Brakes
22 Clutch 44 OPERAnON
24 Coolant 44 Pre-ride Inspection
26 Fuel 46 Sianing the Engine
30 Engine Oil 50 Break·in
31 Tires and Tubes 51 Shirting
53 Braking
54 High Altitude Riding
55 Parting
56 Anli-Ihert Tips
MAINTENANCE
Page Page
51 MAINTENANCE 84 FRAMFiWHEELS/BRAKES
57 The Imponance of Maintenance 84 Brake Pad/Shoe Wear
58 Mainlcnance Safely 86 Side Stand
59 Safely Precautions 87 Wheel Remov:l1
60 Emission Requirements
61 Maintenance Schedule 92 ELECfRICAL
64 Maintenance Record 92 Ballcry
65 Tool Kit 95 Fuses
66 Serial Numbers
67 Color Label 98 CLEANING

61:\ FILTERS/LUBRICATION 100 STORAGE GUIDE


68 AirCle:mcr
69 Engine Oil 103 SPECIFICATIONS
73 Cnmkcasc Breather
107 Emission Comrol System
74 ENGINE 110 Wammty Service
74 Spark Plugs
76 Throllic Opcr"JIion
77 Idle SfK.'Cd
78 Coolant

79 DRIVE TRAIN
79 Drive Chain
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY
Il'oll'ORTANT SAniY INFORMATION Take a Rider Training Course
Your motorcycle can provide many years of Because many accidents involve inexperienced
service and pleasure - if you take or untrained riders. we urge all riders 10 lake a
responsibility for your own safety and ccnified course approved by the Motorcycle M
understand the challenges thai. you can lTlCCt on Safety Foundation (MSF). 0
U" rood. New riders should stan with the basic coursc. T
and even e"perie:nced riders will find the 0
1bere is much thai you can do 10 protect 3dv~ course benefICial. For informaLion
yourself when you ride. You'll find m3fly 3boutthe MSF training coorse nearest you. call A
helpful recommendations throughout this the national toll-free number (800) 446-9227 C
manual. Following are a few that we considl... (USA only). Y
most imponant. C
Ride Dd'msivdy L
Always Wear a lIelmet The most frequent mOlorcycle collision E
It's a proven fact: Helmets signiflCalltly n.'docc happens when a car turns left in front of a
the number and severity of bead injuries. So moIorcycle. Another common situation is a car S
always wear a helmet and make sure your moving suddenly into your lane. Always pay
pa."scnger does the same. We also recommend attention to other \'ehicle,~ around you. and do A
thaI you wear eye prolCl:tion. sturdy boots. nOI a.~sume thai 01 her dri vers see you. F
glovt~ and other protcctive gear (page J ). Be prepared III SlOp quickly or make an eva.~ive E
maneuver. For other riding tips. see the booklet. T
YOII lind YOllr MQ/orC)"de: Nidi/Ig Tip.,' (IIld Y
PflIt'tice Gllil/I'. which came with your new
motorcycle (USA only).

1
~'Iake Yourself Easy to See Keep Your Bike in Safe Condition
Some drivers do noc see mocorcycles because For safe riding. iI's imponanl 10 inspecl your
they are noc looking for them. To make mocorcyde before C'"ery ride and perform all
M yourself more visible. WeM brighl renective recommended mainlenancc. Never exceed load
o c1Olhing. posilton yourself so other drivers can limits. and only use accessories thai have been
T sec you. signal before lurning or changing approved by I-Ionda for Ihis molorcycle. See
o lanes. and use your hom when it witl help page 5 for more dO:lails.
R oIhers nOlice you.

ey Ride Within Your Limits


Pushing the limits is anothcr major cause of
e mOlorcycle accidcnlS. Never ride heyond your
L personal abilities or fasler lhan conditions
E warr.utL Remember lIlal alcohol. drugs. faligue
and inauefltion can signifICantly reduce your
abilily co make good judgemenlS and ride
S safely.
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I'ROTECfIVI-: AI'I'AREL Helmets lind Eye Protection
For your safety, we strongly recommend toot Your helmet is your most imponant piece of
you always wear an approved motorcyde riding gear bccau.'iC it offm the best protex:tion
helmet. eye protcaion. boals. gloves, 1000g against head injuries. A helmet should fit your M
pants. and a IOOl-slcc\"oo shirt or jadR'1 head romfortably and sccurt:ly. A bright- 0
whenever yoo ride. Although complete coIorN helmet can make you more noticeable T
prot«1ion is not possible.....-earing PlOpet gear In tTame. as can renottivc strips. 0
can rrollCC the chanre of injury when you ride.
followIng are suggestions to help you choo;c An ~.f8CC hclmcl orfen some protection. R
propel ICW. but a full-f8CC helmet offm norco RcganUess C
of the Slyk. loot f« a OOT (Ocpanmcnt or y
.. WARNING Transponation) sticLcr in IIny helmet you buy C
(USA only), and always wear a face shield or L
goggles to prot«1 your eyes and help your E
Not wearing a helmet increases the vision.
chance of serious injury or death in a
crash. S
A
Be sure you and your passenger F
always wear a helmet, eye protection E
""..
and other prolective apparel when you T
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Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we
also recommend:
M • Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
o protect yOUT fcci and ankles.
• Leather gloves 10 kc..'Cp your hands warm and
T
help prevent blisters, culs, bums and bruises.
o • A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
R comfon as well as protection. Brighl-colored
C and rcncctive clothing can help make you
y more IlOticeable in traffic. Be sure to avoid
C loose clothes thai could gel caught on any
L part of your motorcycle.
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LOAD LIMITS AND GUlm:LlNES Loading
Your motorcycle ha.~ been designed to cuny How much weight you put on your motorcycle,
you and one pa.~scngcr. When you cany a and how you load it, arc important to your
passenger. you may feci some difference safcty. Anytime you ride with a pa.~senger or M
during acceleration and braking. But so long as cargo you should be aware of the following 0
you keep your motorcycle well· maintained. information. T
with good tires and brakes, you can safely
cany loads within the given limits and
o
guidelines.
it.WARNING R
C
However. ellce",-ding the weight limit or Overloading or improper loading can y
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously cause a crash and you can be C
affoct your motorcycle's handling, braking and seriously hurt or killed. L
stability. Non-Honda accessories. improper E
modifications. and poor maintenance can also Follow all load limits and other loading
reduce your safety margin. guidelines in this manual.
S
The following pages give more specific A
information on loading, accessories and F
modifications. E
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Load Limits Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect
Following are the load limits for your ils stability and handling. Even if your
motorcycle: motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride
M Maximum weight capacity: at reduced speeds and never cJlicecd 80 mph
o 170 kg (375Ibs) (130 kill/h) when carrying cargo.
T
Includes the weight of the rider, passenger,
o all cargo and all acccs.mes
Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a
passenger or cargo:
R • Check lhal both tires are properly innated
C Maximum cargo weight: and that pre,~sure in the rear tire is increased
Y 17.5 kg (39 tbs) to suit the load (page 31 ),
C • If you change your nonnal load. you may
L toading GuideJines need to adjust the rear suspension (page J 8 ).
E Your motorcycle is primarily intended for • To pre",ent loos.e itcm.~ from creating a
transporting you and a pa.~senger. You lIIay ha1.ard. make sure that all cargo is securely
wish 10 secure a jacket or other small items to tied down before you ride away.
S the scat when you are nul riding with a • Place cargo weighl as close to the center of
A passenger. the motorcycle as possible.
F • Balance cargo weight e"'enly on both sides.
E If you wish 10 cuny more cargo. check with • Do not attach large or hea",y items (such as a
T your Hunda dealer for advice, and be sure 10 sleeping bag or tent) to the handlebani. forks
Y rcad the informlllion regarding accessorit.."S on or fender.
page 7 .

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ACcrSSORlES AND MODIFICATIONS A~rielO
Modifying your lIlO4orcycle or using non- We stroIIgly reconvnend Ihal you use only
Honda IIC'CCSSOrie5 can make your ma.orcycle genuine Honda accessories I":U have been
unsafe. 8c(Of"e you comider making any specifically designrd and tested for )·our M
modirJealtom or Mlding an ateeSSOI')'. be sure lIlO4orcyde. Becausr Honda canlKlC test all 0
10 read lhe following infomw:ion. OI:her acccs..~. you must be personally T
responsible for proper sekction. inSlallllion 0
and use d non-Honda xcessories. Check with
i~WARNING )'our dealer for assistance and a1W3yS follow R
lhese guidelines: C
Improper aooessories or modifICations y
can cause a crash in which you cal • Make sure lhe acces."Of)' does not obscure C
be seriously hurt or killed. any liVits. reduct ground de..rnnce and L
bankin! angle. linlil sUl>pension traxel or E
Follow ailinstructiorls in this owne(s steering travel. alia your riding position or
manual regarding accessories and interfere Wilh opcrJlin~ any t:ontrok
modifications. s
.00 001 inslall any fairing or windshield A
unless il wa." designed and tc:m.:d by Honda F
for your mOlOn:yde. Some fairings or E
windshields. CV(1l smaller OIleS. call cause T
unstable handling uf yoor motorcycle. Thi.~ y
is especi:llly lrue if the fairing or windshield
is poorly tbign{.'(1 or improperly mounloo.

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• Be sure electrical equipment does not exceed Modifications
the motorcycle's electrical system capacity We strongly advise you 1101 10 remove any
(page 106). A blown fuse can cause a loss of original equipment or modify your motorcycle
M lights or engine power. in any way that would challge its design or
o • Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
operation. Such changes could seriously impair
your motorcycle's handling. stability and
T
motorcycle. This motorcycle was nol braking, making it unsafe to ride.
o dc-~igned for these :lItachmenls. and their usc
R can seriously impair your motorcycle's Removing or modifying your lights, mufflers.
C handling. emission control system or other equipment
y can al~ make your mOiorcyc1e illegal.
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SAFETY LABELS
'1le following shows thc locations of safety labels on your motorcycle. Some labels warn you of
potcntial hazards that could cause serious injury. Others provide imponant safety infonnation.
Read these labels carefully and don't remove them. M
o
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read. contact your Honda dealer for a replacement. T
o
R
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L
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........·1 RADIATOR CAP SEAL I S
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M
o TIRE INFORMATION LABEL
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PARTS LOCATIO
Spttdomclcr

Rc:arvicw mirror

Engi~ SKIp switch

Hcadligtll
i1irnmcr s.... ilCh
Thmnlc lrip

Hom bunon Slana bullon

Fuel rill cap

11
Rear seal FI'OllI seat Batlcry Air ckaner- Sleaing kd.

Oil filkrap/dipuick Footprg

12
Coolant rtSCM: tank ,up Fuel valve Ignition swit'h Helmel holder

~ar shirl pedal FOOIpcg Sidcsland Tool kil oompunmem


Ownar'~ manual slOr.lgc ,ompartnlcnt

13
INSTRUM ..: NTS ANI> INDICATORS (I) (2) (3) (4)
TIle indicators are located near the speedomclcr.
Their functions are described in Ihe Lables Of]
lhe following page,~.

(I) Neutral indicalor


(2) Tum signal indicator
(3) High beam indicalor
(4) Speedometer
(S) Coolanllemperature indicator
(6) Side stand indicator
(7) Odomeler I Tripmeter display
(8) Tripmeter rese( bullon and
Odomder I Tripmeter select buuon (9')-----\",
(9) Low oil pressure indteator

'(6)

(8)

(1)

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d.No. Descri lI,. Function
1 Neutral indicatot
2 Tum si naI indical
"". Li hts when the tran..;rnis.~ion is in DeUtral.
F1a.'ihes when eilher lurn si naI is <d
J Hi h beam incbcalor blue
4 S
'""'" Li his when the headli hi is on hi h beam.
Sho....·s ridin,
w"'" coolant ;, O\'ef ,he specified
(S) Coolanl temperature
indicator (red)
Ughls
temperature. ""
If the indicator goes on while riding. Slop the engine
and check the rest.'f'o'e lank coolant le\'c1. Read pages
24 - 25 and do no! ride the motorcycle until the
problem has been eorn..'Cloo.

INOnCE I
Excl't.'<.Iing maximum running tcmpcl'llturc can cuuse
serious cRcinc dama e.
Lights when the side stand is put down.
(6) Side Sland indicator (amber) Before parking. check that the side Siand is fully
down: the lighl only indicalcs the side siand ignilion
cut-off ...ySlcm Ira e . is ar;ti ... atl"<l.

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Hcr.No. Descri tion .'unction
(7) Odomctcrrrriprncler display aDO: Shows al~ulllula1t:d mileage.
TRIP: Shows mileage per trip.
(8) Tripmeler resel bulton and This bullon is u~d to re~1 the tripmeler or 10 ~loct
Odomclcrrrrinmeler sdccl bulton the trinmeter or odometcr rnage 17 ).
Lights whcn the engine oil pressure is below the
(9) Low oil prc.~sure indicator (red) nonnal operating mnge. Should light when ignition
switch is ON and engine is not running. Should go
out when the engine slans. exccpt for occasional
f1ickcring at or near idling Spct:d whcn engine is
wann.

,.
Odometerrrripmeler Display
The display (I ) ha~ lwo functions, odomcler (3)
and lripmclcr. To SCIOCI, push lhe bullon (2 ) on
thc left side of the spo.'Cdomcter (3).
To rcsctthc tripmClcr, hold this bUlton (2) with
the display in the tripmeter mode.

(1) Odumeter I Tripmctcr display


(2) Triplllctcr reset bUllon and
O<kllllctcr I Tripmc1cr selcct bUlIon
(3) SI......,doJllctcr

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MAJOR COMPONENTS (Information you need to operate this motorC)'c1e)
SUSPENSION
Eal:h shock absorber (I) has S adjustment
positions fOf" diffm-nt }oad or riding conditions.
Use the pin spanner (2) and extension bar (3)
to adjust the rear shock.
Always adjust the shock absorber position in
sequence (1·2·34·S or S4-3-2-1). ~~ ~
Al1cmpting to adjust directly from I to 5 or 5 (I)
10 I may damage the shock absorber.
Make sure that both fork legs arc adjusted to
the same position.
Position I is for a light load and smooch road
conditions.
Position 2 is tM standard position.
Positions 3 to S increase spring preload for a
stirrer rear suspension and can be: used .....hen (3) (2)
the motorcycle is fTIOf"C heavily loaded.

(I) Shocl:absQlbcr (l) EJoII:llsion bar


(2) Pill spanner

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BRAKES Worn pad.~ sl\ould be replaced. If the pads are
Front Bmke not worn. have your brake system inspected for
TIle front brake is a hydraulic disc type.
As the brake pads wear. the brake nuid level
,""".
will drop. A leak in the system will also cause The recommended brake nuid is Honda OOT 4
lhe level to drop. Therefore, the brake nuid brake nuid from a sealed container, or an
level and pad wear must be inspecled equivalent.
periodically. The system must be inspected
frequently 10 ensure there are no nuid leaks. If Front
lhe controlle\'er free travel becomes excessive
and the brake pads are not worn beyond the
recommended limit (page 84). there is
probably air in the brake system and it must be
bled. See your authorized Honda dealer for this
service. I~
Front Brake Fluid Level: (I)~
,
With the motorcycle in an upright position.
check the nuid level. It should be above the
LOWER level mark (I). If the level is at Of
below the LOWER level mark ( I ), check the
brake pads for wear (page 84 ).

(I) LOWER le"ld mar\(


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Rear Bntkt 2. Make free play adjustments by turning the
Pedal height adjustment: adjusling nul (4) at the brake ann.
The stopper bolt is provided to allow Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is
adjustment of the pedal height. seated on the brake ann pin (5) after making
I. Loosen me lock nut ( I ) and tum me Slopper final free play adjustmenl.
boll (2).
(4)
2. Tighten the lock nut ( 1 ).

Free play adjustmenl:


J. Measured at the tip of the rear brake pedul
(3). free play should be maintained at:
20-30 mm{O.8-1.2 in) /

(I) Lock nUl (3) Rear br.lke pedal (4) Adjustinll nUl (I\) Decrease: free play
(2) Stopper boll (S) Ann pin (Il) lncn:a.o;e fn:c play
20
3. Apply the brake several times and check for Other checks:
free \lo'hecl rotation after the brakc pedal is Makc sure the brakc rod. brake arm. spring and
released. fastcners are in good condition.

If proper adjustment caJlJlO( be obtained by this


method. ste your aUlhorizcd Honda dealer.

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CLUTCH I. Loosen the lock nut (2) and tum the adjuster
Clutch adjustment may be required if the (3). Tighten the lock nut (2) and check the
motorcycle stalls when shifting into gear or adjustment.
tends to crt.ocp: or if the clutch slips, causing 2, If the adjuster is threaded out near its limit or
;i(:cclerJ.tion to lag behind engine speed, if the COITCCt free play cannot be obtained.
Minor adjustments can be made with the clutch loosen the lock nut (2) and tum in the cable
cable adjuster (3) at the lever ( I ). adjuster (3) completely,
Nonnal clutch [ever free play i.~: Tighten the lock nut (2).
10-20 mm (0.4-0.8 in) (2)

(I)
(3)

(I) C1ulch Icver (2) Lock nut (A) lrocreasc free play
(3) Clutch cable adjuster (B) ~ase free play

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3. Loosen the lock nut (4) at the lower end or Other checks:
the cable. Tum the adjusting nut (S) to Check the clutch cable ror kinks or signs or
ob(ain the specified rree play. Tighten the wear that could cause sticking or railure.
lock nut (4) and check the adjustment. Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially
4. Start the engine. pull in the clutch lever and available cable lubricant to prevent premature
shirt illlO gear. Make sure the engine does wear and corrosion.
nO( stall and the motorcycle does nO( creep.
Gradually release the clutch lever arw:l open
the throttle. 1be motorcycle should begin to
move smoothly and accelerate gradually.

U proper adjustment cannot be obtained or the


clutch does not work correctly. see your
authorized Honda dealer.

(4) Lock nul (A) lr>Crea.~ fm: play


(5) Adjw;ting nUl (8) D...... rea.~ free play
23
COOLANT The fac101')' provides a 50150 solution of
Coolant Rerommendatlon antifrccl.c and distilled watcr in this motorcycle.
TIle OWllef must properly maintain the coolant This coolant solution is recommended for most
to prevent freeling. overheating and corrosion. opcrJting temperatures and provides good
Use Pro HONDA HP coolant or an equivalenl corrosion protection. A higher concentration of
high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze antifreeze decreases the cooling system
containing corrosion protection inhibitors performance and is recommended only when
specifically recommended fOf usc in aluminum additional proteclion against frcei'jng is needed.
engines. (SEE ANTIFREEZE CONTAINER A concentrntion of less than 40160 (40%
LABEL). antifrtt1'.e) will not provide proper corrosion
Use ollly low-millcral drinking water or protection.
distilled water as a part of the antifreeze During freezing temperatures. check the
solution. Water that is high in mineral content cooling system frequently and add higher
or sail may be harmful to the aluminum engine. concentrJtions of antifreeze (up to a maximum
of 60% antifreel.e) if required.

INOnCE I
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump seals or
blockage of radiator pa.~sagcs. Using tap water
may cause engine damage.

24
Inspection
The reserve tank is behind the radiator (4).
Check the coolant level in the reserve tank
while the engine is at normal operating
tempcralUre. It should be between the UPPER
( I) and LOWER (2) level marks. If the
coolant level begins to reach the LOWER level
mark (2), add coolant to the UPPER level
mark (I). Always add coolant to the reserve
lank. 00 not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap. If the reserve tank is
empty, or if coolant loss is excessive. check for
leaks and see your authorized Honda dealer for
repair.
(I) (2)

(I) UPPER level nwi;


(2) LOWER level man
(3) Rcscl".e tani; e..p
(4) R:ldiator

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"'VEL Remember to check that lhe fuel valve is in the
Fuel Vah"t ON position each lime you refuel. If the valve
The three way fuel vah"e (1) is on the left side is left in lhe RES position. you may run out of
near the carburrtor. fuel with no reserve.
Ofo'F
With the fuel vah'e in the OfF position. fuel
cannot flow from the tank to the carbumor. ON OFF RES
Tum the vah'e OFF whenever the moIOfCycie
is not in usc.
ON
With the fuel valve in lhe ON posilion. fuel
will now from the main fuel supply 10 lhe
carburrtor.
RES
With the fuel valve in the RES position. fuel
will now from the reserve fuel supply to lhe
( I)
carnurcl(W. Usc the rescn'e fuel only when lhe
main supply is gone. Refill the lank as soon as (I) Fuel valve:
possible afler switching 10 RES.
The reserve fuel supply is:
3.6 R (0.95 US gal, 0.79 Imp gal)

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t'uet Tank Do not overfill the tank. There should be no
1l\e fuel tank capacity. including reserve. is: fuel in the filler neck (3).
14.0 Q: (3.70 US gal, 3.0Blmp gal) After refueling. 10 close the fuel fill cap. align
To open the fuel fill cap (I ). insert the ignition the latch in the cap with Ihe slot in lhe filler
key (2) and turn it clockwise. The cap will pop neck. Push the cap imo the filler neck unlil it
up and can be lifted off. snaps closed and locks. Remove the key.

~~
~'~(2)
~WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and

---
0""- explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling fuel.
(I 7 ' _ I • Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks, and flame away.
• Refuel only outdoors.
• Wipe up spills immediately.

(I) Fuel fill cap (2) Ignition tcy


(l) Filler nect
27
Your engine is designed to use any gasoline
that has a pump octane number of 86 or higher, INOTICE I
Gasoline pumps at service stations nonnally If "spark knock" or "pinging" ocrurs at a
display the pump octane number. steady engine speed under nonnalload, change
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel brands of ga'iOlinc. If spark knock or pinging
because il produces fewer engine and spark persists. consult your authorized Honda dealer.
plug deposits and extends the life of exhausl Failure to do so is considered misuse. and
system components. dam:tge caused by misuse is not covered by
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an Hond:t's Limited WarrJnty.
oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting din. dust or
walcr in the fuel tank. Use of a lower octane Occasionally you may experience light spark
gasoline can cause persistent "pinging" or knock while operating under heavy loads. This
heavy "spark knock" (a metallic rapping is no cause for concern. it simply means your
noise) which, if severe. can lead 10 engine engine is operating efricicntly.
damage.

28
Oxygmaled '-uels MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15 % by
Some: con\'entiooal gasolines are being blended Volume:
with alcohol or an ether compound. 1besc You may use gasoline containing up to 15 'J,
gasolines are collcclively rderred to as MTBE by volume.
oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards.
some are:IS of .he Unitcd St:llCS and Canada use METHANOL (mcthyl or wood alcohol) 5 % by
oxygenated fuels \0 help reduce emissions. Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 5 %
If you usc an oxygenated fuel. be sure it is methanol by volume: as long as it also contains
unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating cosoh'cnts and corrosion inhihitOfS to protOCI
requiremenl. the fuel system.
Gasoline containing II'JOI'e than 5 % methanol
Before using an oxygenaled fuel, try to by volume may cause starting and/or
conl1rm the fuel's contents. Some: states! perfomlance problems. It may also damage
provinces require this information to be posted metal. rubber. and plastic pans of your fuel
on the pump. The following are the EPA (The system.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency) If you nmice any undesirable operating
approved percentages of o1{ygcnatcs: symptoms. try another service station or switch
to another brand of gasoline.
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10 % by Fuel system damage or performance problems
Volume: resulting from the use of an oxygenated foci
You may use gasoline conlaining up 10 10 % containing more than the percentages of
elhanol by volume. Gasoline containing oxygenales me:nlioned abo\'e are no! co\'cred
ethanol may be marketed under the name undcr"WarTallly.
"Ga.whol",
29
ENGINE OIL S. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
Engine Oillenl Otcck Check for oil kaks.
Check the engine oil level each day before:
oper.Iting the moIorcycie.

[NonCE I
Running the engine with insufficient oil
pressure may cause serious engine damage.

To check ttlc oil level: (2)


1. Stan the engine and let it idle for a few (3)
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator remains
on. stop the engine imnxdiately.
2. Stop the engine and hold the moIort)'cle in ,
an upright position on finn. level ground.
3. After- a few minutes. remo\'e the oil filler
(I)
cap/dipstick ( I ). wipe it clean. and reinsen
the dipstick without screwing it in. Remove (I) fillen:apldiptilick (3) Lower level mart
the dipstick. 1be oil level should be between (2) Upper ICI'd mart
the upper (2) ltnd lower (3) m:lrks on the
dipstick.
4. If required. add the specified oil (page 69 )
up to the UPIX-"t level mart.. Do not overfill.
30
TIRt::S AND TUBt::S Air Pressure
To safely operate your molon;ycle. the tires Keeping your tires properly innated provides
must be the proper type and si7.e. in good the best combination of handling.lread life and
condition with adequ.:lIC tread. and COlTt'Clly riding comfort. Generally. urwJerinnaled· tires
innated. 1be following pages give more wear uI"ICVenly. ach'cmly affCCI handling. and
detailed inform:uion on how and when to check are IllOfe likely 10 fail from being o\-crhcaIed.
your air pr-c:ssure. how to inspect your lires fOf (h-erinnated tires make your moIon;ycle ride
damage. and what to do when your lires need to more hanihly. are more prone 10 damage from
be repaired Of reptaced. road hazards. and wear unevenly_

~WARNING We recommend that you \'isually check your


tires befon: every ride and use a gauge to
measure air pressure at lea.," once 3 month or
Using tires that are excessively worn any lime you think the tires might be low.
or improperty inflated can cause a
crash in wtlich you can be seriously
hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner's


manual regarding lire inflation and
maintenance.

31
Always check air pressure when your lires are Inspection
"cold" - when lhe mowrcycle has been Whenever you check the lire pressures. you
parked for at least Ihree hours. If you check air should also examine the lire treads and
pres.wre when your tires are "wann" - when sidewalls for wear. damage. and foreign
the motorcycle has been ridden for even a few Dbj«••
miles - the readings will be higher than if lhe
lires were "cold". This is normal. so do noI let Look for.
air OUI of !he tires 10 malch !he recommended • Bumps or bulges in the side of !he tire or !he
cold air pr-essures given below. If you do. lhe tread. Replace !he lire if you firad any bumps
lires will be undcrinnated. or bulges.
• Cuts. splits or cracks in lhe lire. Replace !he
TIle recommended "cold" tire pressures are: tire if you can see fabric or coni.
• Exeessh'e tread wear.
Front 200 kPa 2.00 k f cm t 29 • i
Rear 200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm t , 29 psi) Also, if you hil a pothole or hard object. pull to
with less than 90 kg (200 Ibs) of the side of the road as soon as you safely can
added weiahl and carefully inspect the til\.'S for damage.
250 kPa (2.50 kgflcm t , 36 psi)
with more than 90 kg (200 Ibs)
01 added weiahl

(Added weighl includes Ihe weight of the rider.


passenger, all cargo and all accessories,)

32
Tread Wear Tube Repair and ReplaCt"ment
For the best perfomlancc, you should replal"C a If a tube is punctured or damaged. you should
tire before the tread depth at the cCllIcr reaches replace it as soon as possible. A tube that is
0.06 in (1.5 mm) for the front tire, and 0.08 in repaired may not have the same reliability as a
(2.0 n1l1l) for the rear tire. If the wear indicmors new one. and it may fail while you are riding.
( I ) are visible. replace the tire immediately as
it is no longer safe. If you need to make a temporary repair by
patching a tuDe or using an aerosol sealant, ride
cautiously at reduced speed and have the tube
replaced before you ridc again. Any timc a tube
is replaced. the tire should be carefully
inspected as described on page 31.

(2)
(I )

(I) Wear indicmor


(2) Wear indica10r location mark
33
Tin' Replacement Tho: ra:ommcnded tires ror your moIorcyclc
The tires thai came on your lTlOIorcycie wen: are:
designed to malch the performance capabilities FronL: 120190-17 64S
or your lTlOIorcycle and provide the besI BRIDGESTONE G701
combin:lIion of handling. braking. durability DUNLOP D4<l4F
andcomron.
Rear: 170/80- 15 MIG ns
BRIDGESTONE G702
aWARNING DUNLOPD404

Installing improper tires on your Whencver you replace a lire. usc one thai is 1
motorcycle can affect handling and cquivalenllo the original and be sure lhe wht.'C1
stability. This can cause a crash in is b:dant.'Cd arter the new tire is inSlalied.
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed. Also remember to n:place the inner tube
whenevCT you replace a tire. The old lUbe will
Always use the size and type of tires probably be stretched, and ir installed in a new
recommended in this owner's manual. lire, il could rail.

Important Sarely Reminders


• Do 001 inSiall car tires 00 this lTlOIorcycle.
During install:uioo the lire may separ:ue
rrom the rim with enough rorce 10 cause
serious injury or de:uh.

34
ESSENTIAL INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (I) is in front of the left OFF ON
side co\"er.

(I)

(I) Ignition S\Oo'ilch

K. Position t'unctJon K RelJM)val


OFF Engine and lights cannot be operated. Key can be
removed
ON Headlight taillight and inslrumem lights are on and Key cannot be
other lights can be opcnlll'tl. removed
En 'inc can be stlll1ed.

35
RIGHT HANDLEBAR CONTROLS Starter Button
Engine Stop Switch The starter bullon (2) is beiow lhc engine §cop
The engine stop switch (I) is next to the swiu:h (I ).
lhrOllle grip. When the switch is in the When the S1aner bullon is pressed, the: starter
o (RUN) position. the en.8ine will operate. motor will crank the engine: the headlight will
When the switch is in the ~ (OFF) position, automatically go OUi. but the taillight will slay
the engine will not operate. This switch is 00.
intended primarily as a safely or emergency
switch and should normally remain in the The starter motOf will not opera1C when the
() (RUN) position. Slaner button is pressed if the engine Slop
switch is in the Ai (OFF) position.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine SlOP switch See pages 47 - 48 for "Staning Procedure:'
~ (OFF), the headlight and taillight will still
be on. resulting in balleT)' discharge. (')

(2)
(I) Engine Slop sw;1Ch
(2) Starter button
36
LEJoi HANDLEBAR CONTROLS
The three controls next to the left handlebar
grip are: (I

Headlight Dimmer Swilch (I)


Select ~D (HI) for high beam, 10 (LO) for
lowbcam.

Tum Signal Switch (2)


Move to ¢ (L) to signal a left tum, ¢ (R)
to signal a right tum. Press to tum signal off.

Hom Bullon (3)


Press the bUllon to sound the hom.

(I) Hcadlighldimmcrswitch
(2) Tum signal switch
(3) Hom bUllon

37
FEATURES (Nol required for operalion)
STEERING LOCK
The stcering lock ( I) is on the stecring stcm.
Tum the handlebar all the way to thc left and
insen the key iruo lock, tum the key 1800
clockwise and remove it

(I)

(I) Slecringlock

3.
HELMET IIOLDER (I)
The helmet holder (I ) is on the lefl side below
lhe rear seal. Thc helmet holder is designed 10
secure your helmel while parked.
Use lhe ignition key (2) to unlock the holdt.'r.
Hang your helmet on the hoIdeT pin (3) and
push in the holdeT pin.

ioWARNING
Riding with a helmet attached to the
holder can interfere with ltte rear wheel
or suSpension and could cause a (3)
crash in whictl you can be seriously (2)
hurt or killed.
(I) Helmel holder (3) Bolder pin
Use the helmet holder only while (2) Ignition key
parked. 00 not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder. If you must carry un e1{lra helmel white riding.
usc a comrncrcially-uvuilablc cluslic cord. sImp
or nella secure lhe helmetla the seal.

39
SIDE COVER
To remove the right side cover ( I ) and left side
cover (2). grasp the cover on opposite sides
and pull out.

(I>
(I) RighI side cover (2) Lefl side eover

40
TOOL KIT COMI'ARTMI<:NT
The tool kit <:mnpanmenl (I) is in lhe (3)
companmcnl box (2) behind the left side cover.
Remove the left side cover (page 40 ).
Open the compartment box cover (J), insert
/
the ignition key (4) in lhe lock and lum
counterclockwise 10 unlock lhe companmenl.
When washing your motorcycle, be careful not
tonood this area wilh water.

(2)
(I) (4)

(I) Tooikiloom~mmi
(2) Companmenl boA
(3) Companmenl boll ron.·..
(4) Ignition tty

41
OWN ..: R'S I\IANUAI.. STORAGE
The owner's manual (and other documents)
should be stored in the plastie bag ( I) in the
compartment box (2) behind the left side cover.
Remove the left side co\·er (page 40 ).
Open the compartment box COVeT (page 41 ).
When washing your motorcycle. be careful not
10 flood this area with water.

(2) (I)

(I) (ho,'ncr"s manual slor.lge bag


(2) COlllllaltlllCnl boll.

42
SEAT
Seal removal: (I)
I. Remove the rear seat bolt ( I).
2. Push the rear seat (2) forward and up.
3. Remove the front seat bolt (3).
4. Pull the front seat (4) back and up.

Seat installation:
I.lmen the front seat lab (5) into ttlt: frnmc
cross member (6 ).
2. Install the front seat bolt (3).
3. Engage the rear seat hook (1) with the: front
seat bolt (3) and pull the rear seat (2 ) back.
4. Install the rear seat bolt ( I).

(I) Rcarscal bolt (4) Fmlll seal


(2) Rear scal (5) Fmlll seal lab
(3) Front scal boll (6) Frome cms.~ member
(1) Rear scal hook
43
OPERATION
PRE·RIDE INSPECTION Check the following items before you get on
For your safety. il is very imponam 10 lake a the mown;:ydc::
few momenlS before each ride 10 walk around -TIres If a tire looks low. check the air
your 11lOl0000ycie and check ils conditton. If you pressure with a gauge. Also look for signs of
dctec1 any problem. be sure you take care of it, excessive 'ol.'e:u' (page: 3\ ) or damage 10 the
or have il corrected by your Honda dealer. tires. rim.'i. or spokes.
• Lcaks look for signs of leaking fluids
under the motorcycle:.
,"WARNING • Cubits, cu:. Check for loose cables and
other par1s. and anything thai appears
Improperly maintaining this motorcycle :lbnonnal.
or failing 10 correct a problem before • Llght'i Make sure the brake light. taillight
riding can cause a crash in which you and other lights nre working properly.
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Chl,:ck these items after you get on the
Always perform a pre-ride inspection motorcycle:
before every ride and correct any • Throllie ROIate the throttle to cl'leck that
problems. it moves smoothly without binding.
• Brakes Pull the br.1ke lever and pres... on
the br.lke pedal 10 cl'leck that they opcmtc
normally.

44
• Indicators Tum the Igmllon on and
check for nonnal operation of the indicators.

Remember, be sure 10 lake care of any problem


you find, or have your dealer correct ii, before
you ride,

45
STARTING THE ENGINE Do not use the electric starter for more than 5
Always follow the proper starting procedure seconds at a time. Rclea"C the starter bullon for
desnibcd below. approximately 10 seconds before pressing it
again.
This motorcycle is equipped with :I side sland
ignition cut-orr system. The engine cannot be
started if the side stand is down, unless the Preparation
transmission is in neutml. If the side stand is up. Before starting. inscrtthe key. turn the ignition
the engine can be started in neutroll or in gear switch ON and confirm the following:
with the clutch lever pulled in. After starting • The transmission is in NEUTRAL
with the side .~tand down. the engine will stop (neutml indicator light ON).
if the transmission is put in gear before mising • The engine stop switch is at 0 RUN.
the side stand. • The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
• The fuel lIalve is ON.
Your motorcycle's exhaust contains poisonous
carbon monoxide gas. High levels of carbon The low oil pressure indicalor should go off a
monoxide can collect rolpidly in enclosed arca.~ few seconds after the engine starts. If the light
such as a garolge. Do not run the engine with stays on. stop the engine immediately and
the garolge door closed. Even with the door check the engine oil level.
open. run the engine only long enough to mOlle
your motorcycle out of the garage.
[NOTlCEI
Operating the engine with insufficient oil
pressure can cause serious engine damage.

46
Starting Procedure Do not open the thmttle when .~larting the
To restart a warm engine, follow the procedure engine with the ehoke ON. This will lean the
for "High Air Temperature". mi~turc, resulting in hard starting.

Noonal Air Temperature


10° 35°C (50° 95°F) INOTICE I
I. Pull the ehoke knob ( I) out all the way to Operating the engine with insufficient oil
Fully ON (A), if the engine is cold. pressure can cause serious engine damage.
2. Start the engine. leaving the throttle closed.
(I) 3. Illlmcdilllcly after the engine starts, opcmte
the choke knob ( I ) to keep fast idle.
4. About a half minute after the engine starts.
push the choke knob ( I) all the way to Fully
OfF(B).
5. If idling is unstable, open the throttle slightly.

(I) Choke knob (A) Fully ON


(8) Fully OFF
47
Iligh Air Tempentture
35"C (95"Fl or abo\'e INOTICE I
I. Do not use !he choke. Extended uSt' of the choke may impair piston
2. Open the Ihroltle slightly. and cylinder .....all lubrication and damage the
3. Stan the engine. engine.

Lo..... Air Tempentture Snapping the throttle or f:lSl idling for more
IO"C (5O"F) or below than about 5 minutes at normal air temperature
may cause exhaust pipe discol0f"3tion.

•8
1'1000«1 Engine
If the engine fails 10 start after repeated
allempls, it may be f10udcd with cxccs.Oj fuel.
To clear a nOtXicd cnginc, leave the engiIM:
stop switch on 0 (RUN) and push the
choke knob in 10 Fully OFF (B ). Open the
throttle fully and crank the engine for 5
second.;. If the engine stans. quickly close
the throttle. then open it slightly if idling is
unstable. If the engine does 001 Mart. wait 10
seconds. lhen follow lhe "High Air
Tempernture" Slarting Procedure (page 48 ).

49
BREAK-IN
I-kIp .....surc your motorcycle's fulure reliability
and pcrform3oce by paying eXira allenlion to
how you ride during the firsl 300 miles (500
km).
During Ihis period, 3\"oid full·lhrollic star1S and
rapid occelcr.uion.

50
Stilfo"ING
Review Mot(Jrt:yde Sufely (p:lges 1 - 10)
before you ride.

Proper !>hifting will provide bcller fuel


l'Conomy. When changing gears under normal
conditions, use lhese recummended shifl
poinls:

Shifting Up:
o
From lSI to 2nd: 12 mph (20 km/h)
From 2nd to 3rd: It) mph (30 lan/h)
From 3rd to 41h: 25 mph (40 kmlh)
From 4th to 5th:
Shifling Down:
31 mph 150 km/h) ,
From 51h lu 41h: 22 mph (35 km/h)
From 41h 10 3rd: 16 mph (25 km/h) Shifting pattern

Pull in the c1ulch \e\er when speed drops below


9 mph (15 km/h). when engine roughness is
evidenl. Of wht.'fl engine S1alling is imminenl:
shifl down to 1st gear (Of accclcr.nion.

51
To shift properly. pull lhe dutch le\'cr and
close the throttle, Improper shifling lllay
damage the engine and drive lrain.

Downshifling allows )'00 10 use engine br.1king


and lower gearing 10 decelerate. but
downshifling when engine speed is near its
allowable mall:imum may O\'Cf-!"eV the engine
and cause possible daillage.

The ballcry will Il()( be charged whilc lhe


engine speed is ncar idle speed, Avoid idling
for prolonged periods.

Do not lOW the mOlOrcyde or coasI for long


distances while the engine is off. The
lr.Lnsmission will niX be properly lubricated
and damage may resuh.

52
BRAKING • When riding in wet or rainy conditions. or
For normal braking. apply both the brake pedal on loose surfaces. the ability to maneuver
and lever while down-shifting 10 match your and SlOp will be redUl."Cd. All of your actions
road speed. For maximum br.lking. close the should be smooth under these conditions.
throttle and finnly apply the pedal and lever: Rapid acccleration. br.lking or tumillg may
pull in the clutch lever before coming to a cause loss of control. For your safely,
complete SlOp to prevent stalling the engine. exercise extreme caution whell bmking,
accclerllting or turning.
Importane S"fety Reminden;; • When descending a long. steep grade. usc
• Independent operation of only the brake engine compression braking by down-
lever or bmke ]X'dal reduces stopping shifting. with intenninent usc of both brakes.
performance. Continuous brake application can overheat
• Extreme application of the bmke controls the brakes and reduce their effl."Ctiveness.
may cause Wlll'Cl lock. reducing control of • Riding with your foot resling on the brake
the motorcycle. pedal or your hand on the brake lever may
• When possible. reduce speed or brake before actuate the brakelight. giving a false
entcring a turll: closing the throttle or indication to other drivers. It may also
braking in mid-turn may cause wheel slip. overheat the br.lkcs, reducing effectiveness.
Whl.'Cl slip will rroucc cOlltrol of the
motorcycle.

53
HIGH ALTlTUI)[ RWING
When operaling this molorcycle at high altitlldc,
the air-fuel miXlure becomes overly rich.
Aoove 6.500 fecI (2,000 m). driveabilily and
performance may be reduced ilnd fuel
consumplion increa.'it.-d. The carburelors can be
modified to compensate for this high allitlldc
richness.
However. the carburelors must be returned to
standard faclOry spt:cificalions when lower
ahitude riding is de.~ired. Sec your authorizcd
Honda dealer for high allitude modificalion.

INOTICE I
Suslained operJlion at altiludes below 5.000
fCCI (1.500 Ill) with high altitude carburelor
modifications may cause engine overbe:lling
and dmnage.

54
PARKING
I. After slopping Ihe mo!()r('ycJc. shift the
lransmission inlo neutral. lurn the ignilion
switch 0 ..-,:. tum lhe fuel vah"c OFF. lurn
lhe handlebar all the way to lhe lefl and
removc the kcy.
2. Usc lhe side $land to support the mo!()r('ycle
whik parlr;ro.

Part the moIorcycle on finn. Ic\'c1 glUlloo 10


pre\'Cnl il from falling OVcf.
If YOll muSi parlr; on a slighl incline. aim the
front of lhe moIorcycJc uphill to reduce the
possibilily of rolling off the side siand or
overturning.

3. Lock the slct:ring 10 help prevclllthcft (page


38 ).

55
ANTI-THEFT TIPS
I. Always lock the steering and ne,'er leave the
key in the ignition switch.
This sounds simple but people do forg~.
2, Be sure the registr'Jtion information for your
mocon:ycle is 3CCurate and current.
3, Part your motorcycle in a locked garage
whene"er possible.
4. Use an additional anti-lhefl device of good
quality.
5. Put your name, address and phone number in
Ihis Owner's Manual and keep il with your
mocorcyclc at all times. Many limes stolen
mocorcycles are idenlified by information in
lhe Owner's Manuals thai arc slill wilh lhem,

NAME: _

ADDRESS: _

PI'IONE NO: _
56
MAINTENANCE
THE IMPORTANCE or MAINTENANCE
A well-maintained lTKlI:orcycle is essential for ioWARNING
safe. economical and uuuble-free riding. It Ito'ill
also help reduce air pollution. Improperly ma.,taining this motorcycle
or failing to correct a problem before
To help you ,,,oped)' care for your motorcycle. you ride can cause a crash in which
lhe following pages include a Maintenance you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Schedule and a Maintenance R~ for
n:gurarly scheduled maintenance. Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations and
Thest: instructions are based on the assumpcion schedules in this owner's manual.
thaI the mOlOn:yclc will be used exclusively for
its designed purpose. Sustained high spetd
operation or operation in unusually wet or
dusty conditions will require more frequent
service than specified in the Maintenance
Schedule. Consult your authoril.l.'d Honda
dealer for recommendations applicable 10 your
individual nl'Cds and use.

If your motorcycle overturns or becomes


involved in a crash. be sure your Honda dc:L1cr
insp...'Cls all major parts, even if you arc able [0
make some repairs.

57
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
This sectioo iocludes instructioos 00 some it.WARNING
importaot mainteoance tasks. You can perfonn
some of these tasks with the tools provided - Failure to properly follow maintenance
if you have ba.~ic mechanical skills. instructions and precautions can
cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.
Other tasks that are more difficult and require
special tools arc best performed by Always follow the procedures and
professiooals. Wheel removal shOlJld nonnally precautions in this owner's manual.
be handled ooly by a Honda technician or other
qU<llified mechanic; iostructions arc included in
this manual ooly to as.~ist in emergency service.

SOUle of the most important s:lfety prt.'Cautions


follow. However. we C<lonot warn you of every
conceivable ha;,.ard that cao <lrisc in performing
maintenance. Only you can decide whether or
oot you should perfonn a gi\'en task.

58
S!\l'Iny PRECAUTIONS • To rt."duce the possibility of a fire or
• Make sure the engine is off before you begin explosion. be careful when working around
any maintemmce or rep:lirs. This will help gasoline or batteries. Use only nonnamma-
eliminate scyeral potentilll ha7.anls: ble solvent. not gasoline. to clean parts. Kt.'Cp
• Carhon monoxide poisoning rrom cigarettes. sparks and names away from the
engine exhaust. battery and all fUci-related parts.
Be surc thcre is adcqu<ltc ycntil<ltilln
wheneycr you opcr.ne the cngine. Remcmber that your authorized Honda dealer
• Burns rrom hot parts. knows your motorcycle best .tnd is fully
Let thc cnginc and cxhaust system cool equipped to maintain and repair it.
before touching.
• Injury rrom moving parl... To ensure the best quality and reliability. usc
Do not run the engine unless instructed to only new genuine Honda parts or their
do so. equivalents for repair and replacement.
• Read the instructions before you begin. <lnd
make sure you have thc tools and skills If you havc thc tools and skills required for
required. additional maintenance jobs. you can purchasc
• To help preyent the motorcycle from falling an official Honda Service Manual from your
ovcr. park it on a fiml. level surface. using Honda dcaler (sce page 107).
the side st:md or a maintenance stund to
provide support.

59
EMISSION REQUIREMENTS The Vehicle Emission Control Information
11Ie U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Label ( I) is allached to the inside of the left
the Califomia Air Re.wurces Board (CARB), side cover.
and Transport Canada require that your
motorcycle comply with applicable exhau~t
emissions standards during its uscfullife, when
operated and mainlaincd according to the
instructions provided. and that motorcycles
built afler January I. 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards (USA
only) for one year or 6,000 km (3.730 miles)
after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser. "
/
when operated and maintained according to the
instructions provided. Compliance with the
terms of the Distributor's Warranties for
Honda Motorcycle Emission Control Systems
is necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (I)
(I) Vehicle Emission Control Information Label

60
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Summary of Mainlenance Schedule Notes and
Perfonn the Pre-ride Inspeclion (page 42 ) at Procedures:
each scheduled maintenance period. NOTE:(I) At higher odometer readings. re-
peat at the fl"C(juency interval estab-
Each item on the m:lin(en:lnce scht.>dule lished here.
requires some mech:lnieal knowledge. Ccr1ain (2) Service more frequently when
items (par1ieularly (hose marked • and· .) riding in unusually wet or dusly
may n.-quire more (echnical information and areas.
tools. Consult your authori7.cd Honda Dealer. (3) Service more frequently when
riding in min or al fulllhroltle.
.: Should be serviced by your authorized (4) Replace every 2 years, or al indical-
Honda dealer. unless Ihe owner has proper ed odometer interval, whichever
tools, service data and is mechanically comes first.
qualified. Replocelllcni requires mechanical
Refer to official Honda Service Manual. skill.
•• : In the interesl of safety. we recommend
Ihese itelll.~ be serviced only by your
authori:r.ed Honda dealer. Maimenance Procedure.,,:
[: Inspecl and Clean. Adjust, Lubricme or
Replace if necessary
C: Clean
A: Adjust
L: Lubricate
R: Replace

61
~'REQUENCY OOOM(cIER REAI)JNG N01r. I

, • •, " ", ",


x J,lXXJ mi 0.' 20 Refer l<l
~"
,, '",, ,,
1l1'.M NOTh X l.oook 6.< 12.8 19.2 32.0 38.4

, •• H1ELllNE
-
",, •
111ROrn.E Of1:RATION

,, CARIIUR(c"TQR CHOKE
, , , i7"
AIRCl£I\NER NO"l'E
,
, • , • , •
0
CRANKCASE IlRF...\nIER NO"l'E C C C C C C
"• SPARK Pl..UG
, , ,

,
•,. •
•,

", •
VALVE O£ARANCE
ENGINE OIL
HNGINHOll.I'Il.TIiR
CARIlURIITOR
.'.'
"

•,
• •
•, •,

", •
SYNCIlRONlZllll0N
ENGINE mU,SI'I'EI) ,- , ,, , ,, , , n


RADIATOR C<lOI.J,NT
COOLING SYSJU,l
Nan;
• , , •, 24.18
-
• Should be serviced by your authori7.ed Honda dealer. unless the owner has proper lOols. service
dma and is mechanically qualified.
Refer to official Honda Service Manual.

62
FREQUENCY ODOMETl'.R READfNQ NO'TlO I
x I,ooomi 0.6 <I I 12 16 :!O R~r"'l0
ITEM X l.llOOk I 6.4 12.1 111.2 2S.6 32.0
DRlVEOIA1N I. L EVERY j(JO "" llOO U.
BRAKE t-UIID
BRAKE SIKlf".J8RAKE PAD
I.... I It I I
•,
..
1/ I I I I
WF.A1t
BRAKE SYS'Ta1 ,- ,,
• BItAKEUGlrrSwITO!
,
,"•
• IIf.AlX,JG.lrr AIM

!
CLUTOI SYSTEM I
,I .... I

" •
SIDF.STANI)
,
t •
SUSPENSION
N lIOl..TS.FASlE'CRS ,, , ,,
': •• WliElLSl'lllU-:S
•• sreERlNG IlE... D BEARINGS , ,
., Should be serviced by your autoon7.e<! Honda dealer. unless the owner ha.~ proper tools, service
data and is mechanically qualified.
Refer 10 official Honda Service Manual.
•• , Inlhe inlerest of safcly, we recommend Ihesc ilems be serviced only by your authorized Honda
dcaler.

63
MAINTENANCE RECORD

,D~
Miles km Odometer
600 1000
• 000 6400 OO~
12000 12~
.000
19
16000 2S 600
20000 32000
24000 3&400
28000 44800
32000
36 000 "57 600
200
40 000 64 000
44 000 70400
48,000 76,8(0)

• Make sure whoever performs the mainlenancc completes this reronJ. All scheduled maintenance.
including the 600 mile (1.000 km) break·in maintenance, is considen.-d a normal owner operating
cost and will be charged for by yourdcaler.
• Detailed receipts verifying the perfonnance of required maintenance should be retained. These
n:.'Ccipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner if the motorcycle is sold.

64
TOOLKIT
The tool kil ( I ) is in the tool kit companment
(2) inside Ihc Icft side cover (page 41 ).
Some roadside repairs. minor adjustments and
pans replacement can be perfonned with the
tools contained in thc kil.

• 10 X 14 mill open end wrench


• 12 X 17 mill open end wrench
• Pliers
.4 mm hex wrench
.5 mm hcx wrench
.6 mm hex wrench
• No.2 s.crewdriver
• No.2 Phillips s.crewdrivcr (2) (I)
• Screwdriver grip
• 8 mm open end wrench
.22 min box end wrench (I) Tool kit (2) Tool kil compartmenl
·27 mm box end wrench
• Spark plug wrench
• Tool bag
• Pin spanner
• Extcnsion bar

65
1
SERIAL NUMBERS The VIN. Vehicle Identification Number ( 1), is
The frame and engine serial numbers are on the Safety Certification Label affixed to the
requin:d when registering your motorcycle. left side of the steering head.
Thcy ,nay lllso be required by your dealer whcn The frame number (2) is slamped on the right
ordering rcpbcemem pans. side of the steering head.
RCC<Jrd Ihc numbers here for your reference.

VIN, _ FRAME NO.. _

(1

(I) VIN (2) Frame number


66
The engine number (3) is stamp\-'d 011 lhe right COI.OR LADEI.
side of the rear cylinder. The color label (I) is attached to the frame
behind the left sitlc cover (See page 40 ).
It is helpful when ordering replacement pans.
Record lhe color and code here for your
reference.

COLOR, _

ENGINE NO. _ CODE. _

(3) (I)

(3) Engine number (I) Color Illbel


67
A.IR CU:AN":R
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 59 .
F
I 1ne air cleaner should be serviced at regular
L intervals (page 62). Service ITIOI"t freq~ntly
T when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
E I. Remove the bolts (I) and the air cleaner hous-
ingoo\·er(2).
R 2. Pull out the air cleaner (3).
S 3. Discard the air cleaner.
/ Thoroughly clean the inside of the air
L cleaner case (4).
U 4. Install a new aircleancr. (2) (3)
(4)
B Use the Honda genuine air c1cam.... or an (' )
R equivalent air cleaner specified for your
model. (I) BoIlS
I Using the wrong Honda air cleaner or a non- (2) Air cleaner housing cover
e Honda air cleaner which is 001 of equivalent (3) Airc1eaner
A quality may cause premature engine wear or (4) Aircleanercase
T pcrformar1(:e problems.
I S. In.~tall the removed pans in reverse order of
o removal.
N

68
ENGINE OIL Recommended Oil Viscosity
Refer to lhe Safety PrecaUlions on page 59. SAE IOW-40
Olher viscosities shown in the chart below may F
Engine Oil Recommendation: be ust"d when the average temperature in your I
USE I'RO HONDA GN4 OR IIP4 riding area is within the indicated range. L
4·STROKE OIL OR AN EQUIVAU:NT T
E
For Canad.a.;
USE nONDA 4-STROKE OIL OR AN R
t:QUIVAtENT S
/
Use only high dctergent, prcmium quali1y L
motor oil ccrtified to meet API Servicc U
Classification SF or SG. B
Motor oils intended for Service SF or SG will
show lhis designation on the container. The usc
R
of special oil addilives is unnecessary and will I
only increase operating Cllpenses. ~O--'~O;--~~;--~"!;--~"\;--~l00 Of C
_'·:O--_7,,;--;O--;":---";:O;--;"':---;~ ., A
T
Engine oil is a major factor affecling the I
performance and service life of the engine.
Non-detergent. vegelable or castor-based r..lCing
o
N
oils arc not TL-cornmcndt:t1.

69
Engine Oil lind Filter Change the engine oil with the engine at
Engine oil quality is the chief factor affecting normal operllting temperature llnd the
F engine servkc life. Change the engine oil as motorcycle on its side stand to assure complete
I specified in the maintenance schedule (page and rapid draining.
L 62 ).
T When running in very dusty (~()ndilions, oil
(hallges should be performed more frequently
E thall Spt:cificd in the maintenance schedule.
R
S Please dispose of used engine oil in a manner
/ that is compatible with the cnvimotnent. We
L suggellt you take it in a sealed container to your
U local recycling cCOIer or service stalion for
B rt.'Clamation. Do nOI throw it in the tr<lsh or
R pour it on the ground or down a drJin.
I Changing the oil filler requires a special oil
C filter tool and a torque wrench. If you do nOI
A have these tools and the necessary skill. we
T recommend thaI you have your authorized
I Honda dealer pcrronlllhi.~ scrvi(.-e.

o If a torque wrench is not u...oo for this


N inslallalion. sec your authori7.cd Honda dealer
a~ soon a~ possible 10 verify proper assembly.
70
I. To drain the oil. removc (he oil filler capt 2. Rcmovc the oil filter (3) with a filter wrench
dipsl:id:: and crankcase ~n plug ( I) and and let the remaining oil drain out. Discant
scaling washcr(2). (he oil filter. F
I
L
(') T
E
R
5
/
L
U
B
R
I
C
A
T
(3) I
(2) o
N
(I) Cr~nl;ease dnUn plug (2) Scaling washer (31 Oil filler
71
3. Apply a thin coal of engine oillO the new oil 5. Check that the sealing washer on the drain
filler rubber seal (4). plug is in good condition and inslalllhc plug.
F 4. Using a special loul and a torque wrench. Replace the scaling washer every other lime
I '"stall the new oil filter and tighten to a the oil is changed. or each lime if necessary.
L torque of: Oil Drain Plug Torque:
T 10 N·m (1.0 kgf.m, 7Ibl.t!) 29 N·m (3.0 kgf·m, 22lbf·ftj
Usc only the Honda genuine oil filter or a 6. Fill the crankcase with the recommended
E filler of equivalent qualit)' specified for your grade oil; appro:timiltely:
R model. Using the wrong Honda filter or a 2.4 e (2.5 US qt. 2.1 Imp qt)
S non-Honda filler which is not of equivalent 7. Install the oil filler cap.
/ quality may cause cngine damage. K. Start the engine <Ind let it idle for 2 - 3
L minutes.
U 9. Several minutes after stopping the engine.
B (4 eheck that the oil level is at the upper level
mark on the dipstick with the motort:ycle
R upright on fiml. level ground. Make sure
I there are no oil leaks.
C
A
T
I
o
N
(4) Oil Filler rubber seal
72
CRANKCASE8REATHER
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 59.
F
I. Drain the drain tube (1) deposits into a I
suitable container. L
2. Reinstall the drain lube.
T
Service more frequenlly if the mocorcyclc is
E
orten ridden in the rain or aI full thro(t1e. R
S
/
L
U
B
(I)
R
I
(I) Drain lube C
A
T
I
o
N

73
1
SI'ARK PLUGS 3. Inspec1 the electrodes and center pon.:elain
Refer 10 the Safcly PrecaUlion~ 011 page 59. for deposits. eorrosion or carbon fouling. If
the corrosion or deposil is heavy. replace lhe
Recommended plugs: plug.
SIMdard: Clean a carbon or wei-fouled plug with II
OPR8EA-9(NGK) or plug cleaner. Olherwise use a wire bro.-.h.
)(24EPR-U9 (DENSO) 4. Check the spark plug gap ( I) using a wire-
For cold climate: (Bdow SOC. 41°F) type feeler gauge. If adjuslmenl is oeccssary.
DPR7EA-9 (NGK) or bend the side electrode: ( 2 ) carefully.
E
N
X22EPR- U9 (DENSO)
Forcxtcndcd high speed riding:
1be gap should be:
O.BO-O.90 mm (0.031-0.035 in) 1
G DPR9EA - 9 (NGK) or
(2)
I X27EPR-U9 (DENSO)
N
")
E INOTICE I
NC\'cr use a spark plug with an improper heal
l"'J,nge. Sewre engine damagc could resuh.

I. Disconnecl the spark plug eaps from the ,,


spark plugs.
2. C1can any din from around the spark plug
""".
Ren"lO\'e the spark plugs using the spark plug
wreneh furnished in lhe 1001 kil. (I) Sp;v1r; plug gap (2) Side clcclrodc
74
S. Wilh lhe plug wa..~her aUach..'d. thread lhe
spark plug in by hand to prevenl
crossthreading.
6. Tighten a new spart.: plug 1/2 tum with a
spark plug wrench to compress lhe washer.
If you an: reusing a plug. it should only take
118-1/4 tum after the plug sealS.

INOTICE I E
1be spark plug must be securely tightened. An
improperly lightened plug can become wry hot N
and pos...ibly damage the engine. G
I
7. Reinstall the spark plug eaps. N
E

75
THROTTLE OPERATION
Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 59.
(2)
1. Check for smooth rotation of the throttle
grip from Ihe fully open to the fUlly closed
position at all steering positions.
2. Measure the throttle grip free play at the
throule grip flange. The standard free play
should be approx:
E 2-6mm(O.1-0.2in)
N
G To adjust play. loosen the lock nut (I) and turn
I the adjuster (2).

N
E
(l) Lock nUl (2) Adjuslcr

76
IDLE SPEED
Rcfer 10 the Safcty Precaulions on pagc 59.

'The engine must be at normal opernling


tcmper.uure for accurale idle speed adjuslment.
Ten minutes or stop-and-go riding is sufficient.

Do not allempc to compensate for faults in


othcl' systems by adjuSling idle speed. See your
authorizcd Honda dealer for regularly E
scheduled camurdor adjustments. N
I. Warn! up the engine. shifl to I1CUlrnl and
G
place the motorcycle on its stand. I
2. Connect a tachometer 10 the engine. N
(I) E
3. Adjust idle speed with the throtlle stop screw
( 1).
Idle speed (in neulrnl): (II Thl'Olllc Slop sc~w (Al Inc~a.'<c
1,000 ± 100 rpm (8) Ikcrcase

T7
COOLANT
Refer 10 Ihe Safely r'n.'Cuulions on page 59. it.WARNING
Coolant ReplHcement Removing the radiator cap while the
Coolant should be replaced by an authori1.e<1 engine is hot can cause the coolant to
Ilunda dealer, unlcss the owner ha~ proper spray out, seriously scalding you.
tools and service data and is mechanically
qualified. Refer 10 an official Honda Service Always let the engine and radiator
Manual. cool down before removing the
E radiator cap.
N Always add coolalll 10 Ihe reserve lank. Do not
G aucmpt 10 add coolalll by removing the radi:uor
cap.
I
N
E

78
URIV[ CIIAIN 3. Roll the mOlorcycle forward. SlOp. Check
Refl'f 10 the Safely Precautions on page 59. dri\'e chain slack. Rcpent this procedure
several times. Drive chain slack should
l1le .servil": life of lhe drhe chain is dependent remain constant. If Ihe chain is slack only in
upon proper lubricalion and adjuslmenl. Poor l":nain SCC1ions. somc links are kinked and
mainlenance: can cause premalure ~"eaf or binding. Binding and kinking can frequently
damage 10 Inc dri"c chain and sprocl.:ets. he: eliminaled by lubricalion. o
l1le dri\'c chain should be ch«l.:ed. adjusted R
and lubricaJed as pan of the Pre-ride Inspeclion I
(p:tge 44 ). V
Undl'f SC\"l~re usage. or when the moIorcyclc is (I)
ridden in unusually dusly or muddy area.... more
E
frequenl mainl~nce will be necess:uy.
T
Inspection: R
I, Tum lhe engine ofr. plate lhe mOlorcycle on A
the side Siand and shifl lhe Ir.ulsmission inlo I
neUlnJ.l. N
2. Check slxl.: in the lower drive chain run
midway between the sprockels. Drive chain
slack should be adjuSlt.'d 10 :lIlow the
foJlowinll venical rnovcmell1 by hand:
15-25 mm (0.6-1,0 in) (I J Drivc chain

79
4. Rolllhc motorcycle forward. SlOP and place
il on it.~ side stand. Inspect the drive chain
and sprockets for any of the following
conditions: Dalll<lged Sprocket Worn Sprocket
DRIVE CHAIN Tccth Teeth
• Damaged Rollers
• Loose Pins Replacc Replact"
D
• Dry or RuslL'<I Links
R • Kinked or Binding Links
I • Excessive Wear
V • Improper Adjusuncnl
E • Damaged or Missing O-dugs

T SPROCKETS
• Excessively Worn Tccth
R • Broken or Damaged Teeth
A
I A drive chain wilh damaged rolters. loose pins. Normal Sprocket Tt:clh
N or missing a.rings must be replaced. A chain
which appears dry. or shows signs of rust. GOOD
requires supplementary lubrication. Kinked or
binding links should be thoroughly lubriculcd
and worked fn,:c. If links cannot be freed. the
chllin must be replaced.

80
Adjustment: If the drive chain requires adjustment, the
Driye chain slack should be checked and proct"durc is as follows:
adjusted. if necessary. every 500 miles (800 I. Place the motorcycle on its side stand with
km). When operated at sustained high speeds or the transmission in neutrdl and the ignition
under conditions of frequent rapid accelerdtion, switch off.
the chain may require more frequent 2. Loosen the axle nut ( I).
adjustment. 3. Tum both adjusting bolts (2) an equal
numtx:r of turns until the correct drive chain
o
slack is obtained. Tum the adjusting bollS R
counterclockwise to tighten the chain. or I
clockwise to provide more slack. Adjust the V
chain slack at a point midway tx:twccn the E
drive sprocket and the rear whccl sprocket.
Roll the motorcycle forward. Stop and place T
it on its side stand. Recheck chain slack.
Chain slack should be:
R
15-25 mm (0.6-1.0 in) A
I
N

(I) A:c.le nul (3) lnde:c. mark


(2) Adjusting huh (4) Scale

81
4. Check rear axle alignment by making sure Wear inspcgion:
the chain adjuster incb mark (3) align with Check the chain .....ear label when adjusting the
the scale (4) graduations on both side of the chain. If the red zone (5) on the label aligns
swingarm. with the arrow mark (6) on the swingann after
Both left ::lnd right marks should oorre.~pond. the chain has been adjusted to the proper slack.
If the axle is mis:Jligned. lum the left or right the chain is excessively worn and must be
adjusting boll until me marks correspond
o and recheck chain slack.
replaced. The proper slack is:
15-25 mm (0.6-1.0 in)
R 5. Tighten the ule nut 10 specified torque. Damage to the bonom part of the frame may b-
I AJl:le nul torque; caused by excessive drive chain slack of ~
V 93 N·m (9.5 kgf·m, 69Ibl·ft) than:
E 40mm(1.6in)
If a torque wrench is nol \1•..00 for this (5)
T installation, see your authori~.ed Hooda dealer
as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.
R
A 6. Tighten the adjusting boilS lightly.
I 7. Recheck drive chain slack.
N Rear brnke pedal free play is affected when
repositioning the rear wheel to adjust drive
chain slack. Check rear brute pt'tlal (n.oc play
and adjust as 1Il..'Ccssary (page 20).
"
V
(5) Red 7.QI'lI: (6) Arrow ~
82
Lubrication and cleaning:
Lubricate every 500 mill'S (800 km) or sooner
if cbain appears dry.

The dri\'e ch:lin on this motorcycle is CQuippt."d


with small O-rings Ix:t.....ecn the link plates.
1llese O-rings retain grea.<;e inside the chain to 0
improve its St.-rY;ce lire.
TIle O-rings in this chain can be damaged by 000
R
steam cleaning. high pressure wa.~hers. and 0 I
certain soh·ems. Clean the side surfaco of the V
chain ....·ith a dry cloth. Do not brush the rubber E
O-ring!'>. Brushing will damagc them.
Wipe dry and lubricate only .....ith SAE 80 or 90 T
gear oil. Commercial chain lubricants may
comain soh·ents .....hich could danlagc the
R
rubber O-rings. A
Replacement Chain: I
Ol0525V8 or AK525SM0Z5 N
C.

83
HRAK": PADISHOE WEAR
F Refer to the Safety Precautions on page 59.
R
Br.tke pad wear depends upon the severity of
A usage. the type of riding. and road conditions. J
M (Gener.i1ly. the pads will wear faster on wet
E and dirty roads.)
/ Inspect the pads at each regular lllaintcrmnce
W interval (page 63 ).
H
Front Brake
E Check the cutout ( I ) in each pad.
E If either pad is worn to the cutout. replace both
L pad.~ a.~ a set. See your authorized Honda dealer (I)
S for this service. (I) Culouts
/
B
R
A
K
E
S

84
Hear 8rake (3) (I) (4)
The rear brake is equipped with a bral;e wear
indicator. F
When the brake is applied. an arrow (I)
attached to the brdl;c arm (2 ) moves toward a
reference marl; (3) on the brake panel (4).
0°1;;/ / R
A
M
If the arrow aligns with the reference marl; on
full application of the brake. the brake shoes
E
must be replaced. /
Sec your authori....cd Honda dealer for this w
service. H
E
E
L
S
(2) /
B
(I) Arrow (3) Reference mark
(2) BrJkc ann (4) Blake panel R
A
K
E
S

85
SlOE STANO
Refer 10 the Safety Precautions on page 59.
F
R Check the side stand system for propa
A function.
M • Check the spring (I) for damage or loss of
E tension and the side stand assembly for
/ flttdom of movemenl.
• Check the side stand ignition cut-off syslem:
W I. Sit astride the motorcycle: put the side J
H stand up and the tr.tnsnlission in neutral.
E 2. Stan the engine and with the dutch lever
E pulled in. shin the lransmisston into gear.
L 3. Lower the side stand. 11lc engine should
S stop 3..~ you putlhe loide stand dllwn.
/ If the side stand system does not operate as
B described. sec your authorized Honda dealer
for service.
R
A
K
E
S

86
WHEEL REMOVAL Front Wheel Removal
Refcr to thc Safcty Precautions on page 59. I. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the engine. F
This motorcycle is equipped with a side stand 2. Disconnect the speedosensor (I) by R
only. Therefore. if front or rear wheel removal removing the speeedosensor set screw (2). A
is required. it will be necessary to raise the M
center of the motorcycle with a jack or other
firm support. If none is available. see your E
authorized Honda dealer for this service. /
w
H
a E
E
a L
S
/
B
R
(I) (2) A
K
(I) Spccdoscnsor
E
(2) Spccdoscnsor sct screw
S

87
Do not depress the brake lever when the wheel 3. Loosen the right and left axle pinch bolls (3 )
is off the motorcycle. The caliper pistons will and rcmove the axlc bolt (4).
F be forced out of the cylinders with subsequent 4. Remove the front allle shaft (5) and the
R loss of brake fluid. If this occurs. servicing of wheel. (
A the brake system will be nece.~sary. See your
M uuthOri7.ed Honda dealer for this service.
E (3)
/
w
H
E
E
L
S
/
B
R
A
K
E (4) (3) (5)
(3) Allie pinch bolls
S (4) A~le boh
(5) From Dille

88
Inslallation: 8. Install the speedosensor and lighten Ihe
I. Position the wheel between the fork legs and screw securely.
insert Ihe fronl axle shaft from the left side. F
through the left fork leg and wheel hub. If a torque wrench was not used for installalion. R
To avoid damaging the brake pads while see your authoril.ed Honda dealer a~ soon a.~ A
installing the wheel. carefully fit the bmke possible 10 verify proper assembly. Improper M
disc belween the pads. a~sembly may lead 10 loss of bmking capacity.
E
2. Position the lug (6) on Ihe speedometer
gearbox against the lefl fork leg. (6) /
3. Align Ihe index line (7) of the axle shaft with (7) w
Ihe surface (8) of fork leg. H
4. Tighten the axle pineh bolts on the lefl fork E
leg to the specified torque: E
22 N·m (2.2 kgf·m, 16Ibf·ft) L
;. Tighten the axle bolt to the specified lorque:
59 N·m (6.0 kgl.m ,43Ibf.ft)
S
). Operate Ihe front brake and pump Ihe fork
o /
several times. Check for free wheel rolation o B
after the brake is released. R
Recheck the wheel if the bmke dr-Igs or the A
wheel docs not rotate freely. K
7. Tighten the axle pinch bolls on the right fork (6) Lugs (8) Surface
E
leg to specified torque: (7) lndc~ lilll:
22 N·m (2.2 kgl.m • 16Ibf.ft)
S

89
Rear Wheel Remoyal 3. Disconnect the brakc stopper ann (4 ) from
I. Raise the rear wheel off the ground by the brake panel by removing the cotter pin
F placing a support block under the engine. (5), stopper ann nut (6), wa~her and rubber
R 2. Remove the rear brake adjusting nut (I), grommet.
A disconnect the brake rod (2) from the brake 4. Remove the axle nut (7) while holding the
M ann (3) by pushing down on the rear brake axle at the other end with a wrench.
E pedal. 5. Pullout the axle shaft (8).
(1) (2) 6. Remove the drive chain from the drive
/ sprocket by pushing the rear wheel forward.
w 7. Remoyc the rear wheel.
H
E
E
L
S
/
B
R (6) (5) (4)
A (7)
K
E (I) Brake adjusling nut (5) COller pin
(2) Br.lke rod (6) Stopper ann nut
S (3) Br.lke arm (7) Axle nUl
(4) SH'pperarm
90
(8) Axle shan \
Installation Notes: • Apply the rear brake several times and Chloek
Reverse the removal procedure to install the for free wheel rotation after the bmke is
wheel. released. Recheck the whl:c1 if the brake F
dntgs or if the wheel does not rotate freely. A
If a torque wrench was not used for installation. A
see your authori1.cd Honda dealer a~ soon as M
possible 10 verify projX:r assembly. ImprojX:r
E
assembly may lead to loss of brolking capacity.
/
• Reassemble the brake stopjX:r ann and adjust w
the drive chain (page 81 ) before tightening H
the axle nut. E
• Tighten and torque the nuts and bolts 10 the E
spt.'Cification listed: L
Bmke stopjX:r ~trlll nU1lOrque:
20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m , 14Ibf.!t)
S
AllIe nutlorque: /
93 N·m (9.5 kgf.m , 69Ibf.ft) B
• Used coller pins lIlay not effectively secure R
fasteners. Always replace used cotter pins A
with new ones. K
• Adjust the rear brake (page 20). E
S

91
RATIERY
Refer 10 Ihe Safely Precautions on page 59. INOTICE I
Your ballery is a lllainlenancc-fn.:c Iypc and
II is not necessary to chttk Ihe ballery Ciln be permanently damaged if the cap strip is
electrolyte level or add dislilled waler as lhe removed.
bauery is a maimenancc-free (scaled) Iypc. If
your bancry seems weak and/or is leaking
E eloclrolytc (causing hard starting or olher
L cleclrical lroubles), comaci your authori1.cd
E Honda dealer.
C
T
R
I
C
A
L
\

92
Emergency l'Tocedures
.... WARNING Eyes- Flush with water from a cup or other
container for at least fifteen minutes. (Water
The battery contains sulfuric acid under pressure can damage the eye.)
(electrolyte) which is highly corrosive Immediately call 911 (USA only) or a
and poisonous. physician.

Getling electrolyte in your eyes or on $kln- Remove contaminated clothing. Flush E


your skin can cause serious bums. the skin with large quantities of water. Call a L
physician immediately. E
Wear protective clothing and eye
protection when working near the Swallowing- Drink water or milk. Call your
C
battery. local Poison Conlrol Center (USA only) or a T
physician immcdi:llcly. R
KEEPCHILDAEN AWAY FROM THE I
BATTERY. C
A
L

93
Battery RemovaJ s. Disconnect the positive (+) lcrminallead
1. Remove the seat (page 4) ). (5).
2. Remove the ignition control module ( I ). 6. Pull oot the ballery (6 ) from lhe battery box.
3. Remove the battery cover (2 ) by removing
the screws (3).
4. Disconnccilhe negative (-) lcrminallead
(4) from the battery first. (4)
E
L
E (6
C
T
R
I
C
A
L
(2)
(4) tvgalh"c (-) trnninaIlead
(I) Ignilionrontrol module (5) Posili\"c(+)lCmIinallead
(2) 8<tUery <:oVef (6) Ballay
ell Screws
94
...USES If )'00 cannot ride: lhe motorc)'de without
Rdet" to the Safety rn....aulions on pagc 59. fixing the problem, and you do not ha\'e a
spare fuse. take a fuse of the same rating or a
All of the electrical cirt"uits on your motOl"t'ycle lower r.iling fmm one of the other circuits.
have fuses to protect lhem from a shun circuit Make sure you can do wilhout that circuit
or overlo:u!. lemporJrily. If you replace II blown fuse Wilh II
Sp:lrc fuse that has a lower rating. replace lhe
ChttklnK nnd Replacing ,,'uses E
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can.
If something electrical on your motorcycle L
stops working. the first thing you should check If the rcplxement fuse: of the same raling E
(or is a blo.....n fuse. Detennine from the cil'ClJit bums oot in a short lime, there is probably a
chart on the fuse box CO\'et" .....hich fuse: or (uses loerious do.."'C'lrical problem on your motorcycle.
C
control that component. Chock those fuses first. Leave the: blown fuse in that circuit and have T
but check a1llhe fuses before deciding that is your motorcycle checked by a qualified R
nOithe cause. RL'Place any blo.....n fuses (I) and Il'Chnician. I
c1li.ock the component's opcr:llion. C
A
(I) [NOTICE I L
Replacing a fuse with one that has a higher
rating greatly increases lhe chances of
damaging the eleclrical system. If you do not
h;t\"c a I"I.--placcmcm f usc: Wilh the proper rating
for lhe circuil, install one with a lower raling.

(I) Olown fuse:


95
Fuse boll:
The fuse boll ( I) is located behind the: right (2)
(3)
side cover.
The specifJed fuses are: ~~
10A,15A
1. Turn the ignition swileh OFF before
ehecking or replacing a fuse to prc:\'efll an
E accidental short cimJil.
L 2. Remove Ihe right side cover (page 40 ).
E 3. Open the fuse boll cover ( 2 ).
C 4. Pull out the fuse. If the fuse is blown. install
II new fuse.
T Spare fuses (4) are loc:IIl.'d in the fuse box.
R 5. [nstall the fuse DoX CO\'Cr and righl side
I cover.
C
(4) (I)
A
L
(1) Flllie oox (Jl Fuse
(2) Fttse box CO"ef (4) Span: rU!ia

.
Main fuse:
1lle main fuse (1). located on the starter (2) (I)
magnetic switch (3) behind the lefl side coyer.
is:30A
I. Turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or I\"pl;w;ing a fuse to pn:\'cnt an
accidcmal short circuit.
2. RenK)\"c the Icft side CO\'et" (page 40 ). E
3. Disconnect the wire connector (2) of the L
staner magnetic switch (3). E
4. Pull out the fuse. If the main fuse is blown,
install a new fuse.
C
1lIe spare main fuse (4) is located under the T
starter magnetic switch. R
5. ReoonnlXt the wire conm:aor and install the I
left side co\'er. C
(3) (4) A
L
(I) ~1nin fU.'iC 13) Swu:r magnetic switch
(2) Wire connector (4) Span: main fu§c

97
CLEANING
Clean yOUT 111010rcyclc regularly 10 prolt'Cl the We l"L'COtJlIl1Cnd :Jvoiding the use of high
surface finishes and inspccl for d:mmgc. wcar. pressure waler spr-<ly (lypical in coin-opcrJlcd
and uillcabgc. car washes).

Avoid cleaning products that arc not


specifically designed for molon:ydc or
automobile surfaces.
INOTICE I
High pressure waler (or air) can damage cen,lin
j
They may contain harsh detergents or chemical p,lns uf the motorcycle.
C wlvcnls Ihut could dam:lge Ihe metal. pain!.
L and plastic on your mOlOrcyc1e. I. Rin~e the motoreycle thoroughly wilh cool

E water to remove loose din.


If your l1lolon::ycle is still warm from l"L'Ccnt 2. Clean lhe motorcycle with a sponge or SOfl
A opcrJlion. give the engine and exhaust system cloth using cool water.
N lime to cool off. Avoid directing water to murner oUllets and
I elcctrical pans.
N P:lrk in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle 3. Aflcr cleaning, rinse lhe motorcycle
G in bright sunlight may C:lUse the finish to fade thoroughly with plenty of clean water,
tlIxausc waler droplcls intensify the sun's DetcrgClll residue can corrode alloy pans.
brighlllcSS. Spotting i.s ulso more likely oc>t::lUSC 4 Dry Ihe 1ll00orcycie and lubriclile lhe drive
surface water can dry before you have lime [0 chain.
wipe it orr. 5. Stan the engine and let it run for scvcrJI
minutes.

98
6. TCSllhe b.....kes before riding the mowrcyclc.
Several applicalions may be necessary to
reslon:: nonnal brnking performance.

Braking efficiency may be lcmpol"llrily


impaired immedialdy aher washing lhe
1I1Olorcydc,
Anlicipate longer Slopping diSiances 10 a\'oid a
',Xb..~ible 3(~idcnl.
C
L
E
A
N
I
N
G

99
STORAGE GUIDE
Extended storage, sIKh as for winter, requires
lhat you take certain steps to reduce the effects it.WARNING
of deterioration fro III nOli-usc of the
llIolorcydc. In addition. IlL'Ccssary repairs Gasoline is highly llammable and
should be made BEFORE sloring the explosive. You can be bumed or
S m01orcyclc: otherwise. these repairs may be seriously injured when handling fuel.
forgonen by the lime the mowreyclc is
T rcmo\'oo from storage. • Stop the engine and keep heat,
o sparks, and lIame away.
R STORAGE • Aeluel only outdoors.
A I. Change the engine oil and filter. • Wipe up spills immediately.
G 2. Make sure the cooling system is filled with a
E 50/50% antifreeze solution.
3. Fill the fuel lank. Reinstall the fucl fill cap
on the lank.
G 4. Check Ihm the fuel valve is OFF.
U 5. DrJin the carburetors imo un approved
I gasoline container.
D
E If storage will last more than one 11101l1h.
carburetor drJining is very imponant. to assure
proper performance afler slomgc.

\
100
6. To preyent rusting in the cylinders, perform 7, Removc thc banery and charge it fully. Store
lhe following: it in an area prolected from freezing
- Remove lhe spark plug caps from the temperature..~ and direct sunlight.
sp:lrk plugs, Using l:lpc or string, secure Slow charge the ballcry once a month.
lhe C:lPS 10 any convenient plastic lxxIy 8. Wa.~h and dry lhe motorcycle. Wax all
plm so lhat they arc positioned away from p:linlOO surfaces, S
lhe spark plugs. COat chrome with rust-inhibiting oil. T
- RemoYe lhe spark plugs from lhe engine 9, Lubricate the drivc chain.
and store lhem in a S:lfe place. IO.lnnate lhe lires to lheir recommended 0
Do nOl connL'Ct the spark plugs 10 the pre.%ures. Place the motorcyde on blocks 10 R
spark plug caps. mise both tires off lhe ground. A
- Pour a l:lblcspoon (15-20 ee) of clean I I. Cover lhe mOlorcycle (don'l use plastic or G
engine oil inlo each cylinder and coYer the olher COlllt.'d materials) and store in an E
spark plug hotes wilh a piecc of doth. unhe:ltcd area, free of dampness with a
-Crank lhe engine several limes to minimum of daily temperalure variation. Do G
distribute the oil. not store the motorcycle in direct sunlight. U
- Reinslall lhc spark plugs and sp:lrk plug
C:lps. I
D
E

101
RI-:r>IOVAL FROl'''1 STORAGE
I. UncOVl'f aod clean lhe moton:ydc. Change
lhe engine oil if more than 4 months hu\'c
pa... ~'d since the start of storage.
2. Charge the battery as required. Install the
S battery.
T
o
3. I\.-rfonn all Pre-ride Inspection checks (page
42 ). Tc.st ride the motorcycle til low speeds 1
in a safe riding area away from lr.tfflC.
R 1
A
G
E
G
U
I
o
E

]
102
SPECIFICATIONS
I)J!\1ENSIONS
Overalllenglh 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Overall width 980 mm (38.6 in)
Overall height 1,110 mm (43.7 in)
Whcclba'\C 1,615 mm (63.6 in)
Ground c1car"nce 145 mm (5.7 in) s
P
WEIGHT E
Dry weight 229 kg (505Ibs) C
I
CAPACITIES F
Engine oil After draining 2.2 e (2.3 US ql, 1.9 Imp qt)
I
After drolining and 2.4 " (2.5 US qt ,2.1 Imp ql)
oil filler change C
After disassembly 2.9 " (3.1 US qt ,2.6Imp ql) A
Fuel tank 14.0 e (3.70 US gal. 3.06 Imp gal) T
Fuel rc,o;;crve 3.6 e (0.95 US gal, 0.79 Imp gal) I
Cooling system capacity 1.8 e (0.48 US gal, DAD Imp gal) o
Pa.~scngcr capacily Operator and one passenger N
Maximum weight c:lpacily 170 kg (375 Ibs)
S

103
]
ENGINE
Bore and stroke 79.0 X 76.0 mm (3.11 X 2.99 in)
Compression ratio 9.0: 1
Displacement 745 em' (45.4 cU-in)
Spark plug
s Standard DPR8EA - 9 (NGK) or
P X24EPR - U9 (DENSO)
E
C For cold climate DPR7EA - 9 (NGK) or
I (Below jOe. 41°F) X22EPR - U9 (DENSO)
F For extended high speed riding DPRgEA - 9 (NGK) or
I X:;l7~OR-U9 (DENSO)
C
A Spark plug gap 0.80-0.90 mm (0.031-0.035 in)
T Idle speed 1,000 ± 100 rpm
I Valve clearance (cold)
o Intake
E1{hausl
0.15 mm (0.006 in)
0.20 mm (0.008 in)
N
S

104
1
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSION
Caster 33°50'
Tr"il 156 mm (6.1 in)
Tire sileo fronl 120190-17645
170180-15 MlC ns
Tire si1-e. rear
s
POWER TRANSMISSION P
Primary reduction 1.666 E
Gear I1Itio 1st: 3.166 C
2.000
'''''
3'" 1.500
I
F
4th 1.173
S,h 1.041
I
Final reduction 2.412 C
A
T
I
o
N
S

105
EI.I':CTRICAL
B:mery 12V-14AH
Genermor 333 W/5,OOO rpm

tiGHTS
s Headlight 12V-6OI55W
P Bl""JkeJluil light 12V-3213CP
E Tum signal light Front 12V-21/5WX2
C .,,, 12V-21wx2
I Inslrument light 12V-l.7W
Neutrument inc.liclllor 12V-3.4W
F 12V-3.4W
Tum signal inc.liealor
I High beam inc.licmor 12V-3.4W
C Coolant temperature indicator 12V-3.4W
A Low oil pressure indicator 12V-3.4W
T Side stand indicator 12V-3.4W
I
o FUSE
N Main fusc 30A
Other fuses 10A.15A
S

106
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Source of Emissions
The combustion process produces l.:arbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons is

, very imponant because under certain conditions. they react 10 fonn photochemical smog when
subjccted to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way. but it is toxic.
Honda MOlor Co.. Ltd. utili7.eS lean carburetor scHing.~ and other systems to n:duce carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbons.

Exhaust Emission Control System


The exhaust emission control system is composed of lean carburetor scllings. and no adjustments
should be madc except idle speed adjustment with the throllle SlOP screw.
The c)(haust emission control system is separate from the crankcase emission control system.

107
Evaporative Emission Control System (California only)
This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air Resources Board (CARB)
evaporative emission regulation.~. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank and carburetor is directed into the
charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and stored while the engine is slOPped.
When the engine is running and the purge control diaphragm valve is open. fuel vapor in the
charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the carburetor.

Crankcase Emission Control System


The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankca'lC emissions
into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the carburetor.

Noise Emission Control System


TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE CON"rnOL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED: U.S. federal law
prohibits. or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following acts or the causing thereof: (I)
The removal or rendering inoperative by any person. other than for purposes of maintenance, repair.
or replacement. of any device or clement of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the
purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use; or
(2) the use of the vehicle after such device or clement of design ha.~ been removed or rendered
inoperative by any person.

108
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS
LISTED BELOW:
I. Removal of. or puncturing the murrler. bartles. header pipes or any other compollCnt
which conducts exhaust gases.
2. Removal or. or puncluring any pan of the intake system,
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle. or pans of the exhaust or intake system. with
pans other than those specified by the manufacturer.

Problems that May Affect Motorcycle .:mlssions


If you are aware of any of the following symptoms. have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your
authorized Honda Motorcycle Dealer:
I. Hard staning or stalling after staning
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor perfonnance (driveability) and poor fuel e<:onomy

109
WARRANTY SERVICE
Owner Satisfaction
Your satisfaction ;md goodwill arc important to your dealer and to us. The details of all Honda
warranties are explained in the DislribulOr's Limited Warranty. Nunnally. any problems with the
product will be handled by your dealer's service department.
Sometimes, however, in spilt: of the best intentions of all concerned. misunderstandings can ()(."Cur.
If your problem hOl.~ nOI been handled 10 your satisfaction, we suggest you lake the following action:
• Discuss your problem with a member of dealership management. Oflell complaints can be
quickly resolved al that level. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service Manager.
COlli act the owner of the dealership or the General Manager.
elf your problem still has not been resolved to your satisfaction, conlaCllhe MOIorcycle Customer
Service Department of American Honda Motor Co.. Inc. The address is P.O.Box. 2220. Torrance.
CA90509-2220. Telephone: (310) 532-9811. [Canadian Vehicles: Refer to the warranty booklet
that wa.~ supplied with your vehicle.] We will Ilt."t.-d the followillg informalion ill order to a.~sist
you:
- Your Ilame. address and telephonc number
-Thc product model. year. and fr.une/VIN serial number
- Datc of pureha.'iC
~ Dealer name and address
- Nature of the problem
After reviewing all the facts involved. you will be advised of whal action can be taken.
Please bear in mind that your problem will likely be resolved at the dealership. using the dealer's
facilities. equipment. and personnel. so it is very important that your initial comact be with the
dealer.
Your purchase of a Honda product is greatly appreciated. We want to assist you in every way
possible to assure your complete satisfaction with your purcha.'iC.
110