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rdef;rESpfa,muf

(*sL;)

(cspfjcif;\tEkynmeSifh0w¬Kwdkrsm;rS)
*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

- (1) -

tvkyfoifq&m0ef trsKd;orD;aqmif\ ckwifuav;onf usOf;ajrmif;


ao;i,faomfvnf; oli,fcsif;ESpfa,muf ab;csif;,SOfvsuf 0rf;vsm;arSmuf
tdyfum wpfa,mufudkwpfa,muf iJhMunhf pum;ajymEdkif&Hkawmh us,f0ef;ygonf/
acgif;tHk;ay: vufaxmufvsuf vufz0g;ay: ar;wifum jywif;aygufrSwqifh
aumif;uifudk armhMunhfjyHK;aeaom xkdrsuf0ef;rsm;onf ausmif;rSmwkef;uvdkyif
El;nhHae\/

uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufonf tcspftaMumif; ajym&rnfht&G,frsm; r[kwfawmh


aomfvnf; wdwfqdwfvSyaom nu uRefrwdkYudk odrfarGUpGm jyKpm; vdkufaomtcg
uRefrwdkY arhavsmhxm;aom emrnfwpfckudk a&&GwfrdMuawmhonf/

i,fpOfwkef;uawmh ,ckvdknrsKd;rSm v0ef;udk jrif&csifonf/


v&dyf&Tef;jraom wdrfrQifrsm;udk wa&GUa&GU o,faqmifoGm;onfh avtvsOf
aemufodkY pdwfomrubJ vludk,fwdkif vdkufyg vGifhajrmvdkonf/ narT;yef;&eHYrsm;
oif;xHkaernfqdkvQif nonf NyD;jynhfpHkaom *DwoHpOfwpfckyrm om,m
aeawmhonf/ xdknrsKd;rSm uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf csKdNyHK;\ ]] wuúodkvfausmif;u
aiGvrif; }} oDcsif;udk wdk;wdk;zGzG nnf;cJhMuzl;avonf/

,ckawmh uRefrwdkYonf *DwESifh awmfawmfa0;uGmcJhNyD/ oDcsif;nnf;EdkifzdkY


oHpOfudkvnf; arhavsmhvkeD;yg; jzpfaeNyD/ aeYpOf &ifqdkifawGUMuHKae&aom

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (1)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

a0'emonfrsm;? a&m*grsm;? ted|m&Hk tjzpfrsm;tMum; aq;&HkESifh aq;cef;wdkYudk


puf&kyfyrm ul;ajymif;vIyf&Sm;aecJh&aom uRefronf tvkyfrSwpfyg; tjcm;t&m
rsm;udk arhavsmhvkeD;yg; jzpfaeNyD/ odkYaomf ,ckvdk trSwfrxif jyefvnfqHkawGUNyD
qdkawmh reufu MuHKcJh&aom pdwfusOf;usyfzG,f&m pmar;yJG tawGUtMuHKudk
jyefvnf&,farm&if;uyif wpfa,muftaMumif; wpfa,muf qufpyfrdzdkY
ar;jref;í tm;r&Edkifatmif &Sdavonf/

]] orD;u tck ajcmufESpfav? rathrdwfuyfbl;awG arTaESmufNyD;


aumif;aumif; tysKdvkyf tvSjyifwwfaeNyD td&JU? orD; MuD;vm&if bmvkyfrvJ
ar;wdkif; &kyf&Sifrif;orD;vdkY ajzajzaevdkY renf; aigufxm;&w,f }}

&,farmvdkufaom oli,fcsif;\ toHwGif orD;tay: tjypfwifvdkonfh


t&dyftaiGU vHk;0 ryg0ifbJ *kPf,laom [efyefudkyif uRefr cHpm;rdonf/ olr\
orD;onf olrvdkyif oG,fvspGm vSyEl;nhHayvdrfhrnf/

]] acsmrSmayghaemf rdatmif }}

]] tdk; ... acsmrS acsm? rsufvHk;uav;awGu MunfpifaewmyJ td&,f }}

uRefronf atmif i,fpOfu El;nhHMunfvifaom rsuf0ef;vSvS


uav;rsm;udk owd&oGm;onf/ [dkwkef;u ezl;ajymifNyD; qHyiftv,fcJG
zm;vsm;csxm;onfh yHkpHrsKd; acwfpm;\/ cg;txd&Snfaom ajzmifhpif;yg;vsm;onfh

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (2)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

qHyif tdtduav;rsm;onf atmifhrsufESm oG,foG,fuav;ESifh tvGef


vdkufzufcJhygonf/

]] eifuvJ ... "mwfyHkt,fvfbrfav; bmav;awmif ,lrvmbl; [,f }}

atmifhorD;udk jrifcsifpdwfjzifh uRefr tjypfwifawmh atmifu ycHk;wGefYum


&,farm\/

]] [Jh ... eifvmajzr,frSef;rS rodwm td&JU? igujzifh eif trftufpfpD


atmifNyD;NyDawmif xifaewm }}

]] tr,fav; ... tJ'D yg;pyfuav; a&Tcsxm;zdkY aumif;vdkufwmaemf/ }}

uRefr uawmh oGm;av&m&mrSm om;"mwfyHkudk ,lvmzdkY rarhol jzpfonf/


pm;yGJay:rSm axmifxm;aom om;\ "mwfyHkudk atmifu vSrf;Munhfae\/

]] eifhom;u eifeJY rwlovdkyJaemf td }}

uRefr vSpfceJ jyHK;vdkufrdavonf/

wpfESpfom;t&G,f om;uav;onf olYzat udk,fyGm;uav;[k vlwdkif;u


rSwfcsufcsMu\/

]] olYtazeJYwlwm atmif &JU }}

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (3)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

atmifu rsufarSmifMuKwfum om;"mwfyHkudk aphaphMunhf jyHK;\/


om;taz\ ausmif;om;b0 &kyf&nfudk atmifu jyefvnfrSef;qaeyHk &ygonf/
ausmif;NyD;rS uRefrwdkY awGqHkvufxyfMujcif;jzpfí om;tazudk atmif
rsufrSef;wrf;rdrSm r[kwf/ uRefrwdkYxuf wpfwef;BuD;NyD; wpfESpfapmí bGJU&cJhaom
om;tazuvnf; atmifhudk rodovdk Za0Z0g jzpfaecJh\/

]] td ... eifhom; rsufvHk;awGu [dkwpfa,muf&JY rsufvHk;awGvdkyJaemf?


t&rf; awmufywmyJ }}

[dkwpfa,muf ... / uRefrwdkYESpfa,muftMum;wGif [dkwpfa,muf[laom


pum;vHk;onf tvGef&if;ESD;uRrf;0ifaom cspfpzG,f emrfpm;wpfck jzpfcJhaomfvnf;
10 ESpfavmuf MumNyD;aemufrS yxrqHk;tBudrf jyefvnfMum;vdkuf&aomtcg
uRefr tenf;i,f awGa0oGm;\/ atmifu uRefr ycHk;udk zswfceJ &dkufum
&,farmonf/

]] Munhfprf; rdef;r? tckawmh eif arhNyDayghav }}

uRefr atmifhpum;udk jiif;y,fcsifpdwfjzifh acgif;cg,rf;rdaomfvnf;


rMumcP owd&rdaMumif;awmh 0efrcHvdkyg/ xdkYaemuf uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufvHk;
wdwfqdwfNidrfoufoGm;\/ atmifh rsufvHk;rsm;udk uRefr tuJcwfMunhfrdonf/
NyHK;aeaom atmifhrsufvHk;rsm; tenf;i,f pdkufai;oGm;onfudk uRefr &dyfrdonf/

]] ol trftufpfpD rajzawmhbl;eJY wlw,faemf td }}

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (4)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

atmifhtoHu vIyfcgrI ygonf qdk&Hkuav;/

]] ol ydkYpwifawmif r0ifjzpfao;bl;vdkY owif;Mum;wm atmif&JY }}

atmifu uRefrudk rsufvHk;jyL;Munfhonf/ olr rodvdkufaom


[dkwpfa,muf taMumif;udk uRefrodaewm thHMo[ef &Sdygonf/

]] eif eJY awGUao;vm;[if }}

atmifhtar;udk uRefr acgif;cg,rf; jy&if; jyHK;rdonf/

]] [ifhtif; ... eifa&m }}

]] rawGUygbl;[,f? b,fhES,fvkyf awGUyghrvJ? wpfNrdKUpD wpfb0pD }}

uRefr atmifhvufudk qkyfnSpfvdkufonf/ xdkYaemuf uRefrwdkY


wpfa,mufudkwpfa,muf rsufESmcsif;qdkif aphaphMunhfrdMuavonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (5)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

- (2) -

vGefcJhaom q,fh&SpfESpfwkef;u tdtdudk ESifh csKdESif;atmifonf ESpfpOf


cHkeHygwfcsif; uyfvsufusNyD; taqmifwGif ESpfpOf wpfcef;wnf; wGJaecJhMuum
wpfa,mufudkwpfa,muf cspfcifwG,fwmaom oli,fcsif;ESpfa,muf jzpfcJhonf/

uRefru tom;jzLum t&yfykNyD; atmifu tom;ndKum &SnfoG,f\/

uRefru qHyifwdkwdk a,musmf;av;qHyifyHkpH jzpfNyD; atmifu


cg;atmufa&mufaom ajzmifhpif;eufarSmifonfh qHyifrsm;udk ydkifqdkif\/ uRefr\
rsufvHk;rsm;u rnf;euf0dkif;pufNyD; atmifhrsufvHk;rsm;u ndKvJhel;nHhonf/ uRefru
&Srf;acgufqGJ qefjym;udk BudKufESpfoufNyD; atmifu rEÅav;rkefYwDudk
BudKufESpfoufonf/ xdkpOfu &kyf&Sifrif;om; &dkif,eftdkeD;vfudk oabmusNyD;
atmifu a&mbwf&ufzdkY'fudk oabmusonf/ uRefru ntdyfvQif
zefacsmif;zGifhvsuf pmzwf&if; tdyfaysmfonfh tusifh&SdNyD; atmifu rD;vif;vQif
vHk;0 rtdyfwwfaom tusifh&Sdonf/ uRefru pdwfvdkvuf&&SdvGef;rS rsufESmudk
oeyfcg;yg;yg; vl;wwfNyD; tjrJvkdvdk rsufESmajymifESifh tvSjyifzdkY
ysif;&dwwfaomfvnf; atmifu aeYpOf em&D0ufeD;yg; Mumatmif qHyifESifh rsufESm
tvSjyKjyifcsdef ,lavh&Sdonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (6)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

tppt&m&m toGifrwl uGJjym;aom uRefrESifh atmifonf


thHMozdkYaumif;pGmyif tcsufESpfcsufwGifawmh vmí wlae\/ yxr wlnDrIrSm
ESpfa,mufpvHk; vufywfem&D ywfonfhtusifh r&SdMujcif; jzpfonf/

yxrwlnDrIu uRefrwdkYESpfa,muftwGuf xl;jcm;onfh jyóem


rjzpfcJhaomfvnf; 'kwd, wlnDrIuawmh OD;aESmufajcmufp&m jyóemwpfck
jzpfcJh\/ uRefrwdkY twef;rS a,musmf;av;wpfa,mufudk NydKifwl
BudKufESpfoufrdMujcif; jzpfygonf/

yxrESpf trfbDwGif twef;xJü uif;ESifhuGif; a&G;aomtcsdefrS


pwifcJhonf/ wpfwef;vHk;u rJtrsm;qHk; ay;xm;aom zwfpftrfbDuif;udk
uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf oabmrwlcJhyg/ taqmifjyefa&mufawmh uRefr wdwfwdwfa&G;
xm;aom uif; &Sdonf[k atmifhudk ajymrdonf/ atmifuvnf; olr
wdwfwdwfa&G;xm;ol &SdonfwJh/ &,fp&maumif;aeonfu uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufvHk;
udk,fa&G;rdonfh vl\emrnfudk udk,frodMuay/ aemufwpfaeY twef;wufawmhrS
rdrda&G;cs,foludk wdwfwcdk; nTefjyawmh ESpfa,mufvHk;u wpfa,mufwnf;udk
a&G;cJhrdaMumif; wthHwMo od&onf/

xdktcsdefrSpí uRefrwdkY oli,fcsif;ESpfOD;\ &ifxJodkY olu pwif


0ifa&muf vmcJhygonf/ olonf pmawmfonfh ausmif;om;pm&if;wGifvnf; ryg?
pmnhHonfh ausmif;om;pm&if;wGifvnf;ryg? omref tv,ftvwfwef;pm;
jzpf\/ tom;vwfvwf? t&yfredrfhrjrifh? udk,fcE¨m uspfvpfonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (7)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

oG,fvsaomfvnf; tom;jynhfjynhf rsufESmjyifonf acsmarGUae\/ olY


wpfudk,fvHk;wGif tiftm;taumif;qHk;rSm rsufvHk;rsm; jzpf\/ xdkrsufvHk;rsm;onf
uRefrtm; ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm olYudk owd&atmif ñ§dKU,lxm;cJhavonf/

tcspfqdkwmudk rawGUMuHKzl;aom q,fhckESpfESpft&G,fawGrdkY uRefrESifh


atmifonf cspfp&maumif;aom xdkaumifuav;ESifh rsufvHk;csif; qHkrdatmif
b,fvdk vkyfMu&&if aumif;rvJ[k ayghayghyg;yg;yif usdwf aqG;aEG;cJhMu\/
owÅdraumif;vSao;aom yxrESpf trfbDrSmawmh uRefrwdkYonf olYvufawGUcef;
a&SUrS jzwfavQmufMunhf&Hkavmufom jzpf\/ 'kwd,ESpftrfbD a&mufawmh
uRefrwdkY tenf;i,f &J0hHNyD/ wpfaeYrSmawmh ol aumf&pf'grSm vrf;avQmufoGm;cdkuf
uRefrwkdY ESpfa,muf olYaemufodkY cyfokwfokwf vdkufoGm;Mu\/ olY a&SUtxd
ausmfoGm;NyD;rS uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf wdkifyifxm;onhf twdkif; olYudk vSnhfMunhfum
]] b,fESpfem&D &SdNyDvJ }} [k NydKifwlar;vdkufMuonf/ ol wkHYceJ &yfoGm;um
uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufudk cyf&Sef;&Sef;MunhfNyHK;NyD;rS olYvufudk ajrSmufMunhf\/
xdkYaemuf cyfzGzG wpfcsuf&,fum ]] uRefawmhfvJ em&D rygbl; cifAs }} [k
odrfharGUpGm tajzay;avonf/ wpfwef;wnf;om;awGrSef; rsufrSef;wef;rdygvsuf
uRefrwdkYESifh ol csufcsif; cifrifroGm;cJhay/

olonf oli,fcsif; owfowfrSwfrSwf xm;í aygif;oif;olr[kwf/


olYab;wGif twef;om; wpfa,mufNyD;wpfa,muf vJajymif;ygvmavh &Sdonf/
olYab;rSm oli,fcsif;awG ygvmvQif uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf olYudk vHk;0rMunfhbJ

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (8)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

wpfa,mufwnf;vmrS ol owdxm;rdavmufatmif uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufu


rsufvHk;csif; qHkypfvdkufMuawmhonf/ xdktcg olu uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufudk
jyHK;jyawmhrvdkvdk? pum;ajymawmhrvdkvdk Za0Z0g rsufvHk;rsm; cyfpdkufpdkufMunhfum
wpfzufvSnhfNyD; NyHK;oGm;wwf\/ xdktcgrsKd;wGf uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufonf olY
rsufvHk;rsm;\ qGJiifrIudk jyefvnfawG;awm cHpm;&if; taqmifodkY
wdwfqdwfNidrfoufpGm jyef&avh &Sdygonf/

wpfcgwkef;uawmh a,musmf;wdkY\ udk,feHYtaMumif; uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf


aqG;aEG;jiif;cHkMu&if; olYudk,feHYudk pyfpkvdkpdwf aygufcJhMuzl;onf/ cufaeonfrSm
uRefrwdkYESifh olu tjrJwrf; tzJGUcGJ rwlaomaMumifh vufcsmcsdefrS wpfyg; tjcm;
vufawGUtcsdefrsm;wGif b,fawmhrQ wpfcef;wnf; r&SdMuay/ eD;eD;uyfuyfvnf;
r&yfcJhMuzl;ay/ onfawmh olYudk,feHY pk;&Sovm;? azsmhrSdefovm;? &eHYoif;ovm;
uRefrwdkY rodEdkifay/ olESifh eD;uyfzdkY tcGihfta&;rSm vufcsmcsdefom jzpf\/
wpfaeYrSmawmh uRefrwdkY xkdifaeus a&SUqHk;atmufbufcHkrsm;wGif rxdkifawmhbl;[k
qHk;jzwfum cef;rxJodkY a&SUaygufrS r0ifbJ aemufaygufrS wufcJhMuonf/
atmifESifh uRefronf olxdkifaeus ab;twef;u cHkrsm;&Sd&m rsufpda0hMunhfvsuf
tay:pD;rS jrifae&aom aemufausmrsm;? aemufaphrsm;udk cGJjcrf;&SmazG&if;
wpfxpfcsif; qif;vmcJhMu\/ rsufpdvsifaom atmifu tvsifjrif\/
uHtm;avsmfpGmyif olxdkifaeaom cHk\ aemufbufcHkwef;rSm a,musfm;av;
wpfa,mufrQ 0ifxdkifraecJhay/ uRefrwdkYonf rsufESmajymifajymifjzifhyif olESifh
uyfvsufcHkrSm olYaemufwnfhwnfhü 0ifxkdifvdkufMu\/ yxrawmh

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (9)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

pmoifonfudkom tm&Hkpl;pdkufwwfaom olu r&dyfrday/ aemufawmh


wdk;wdk;usdwfusdwf ajymaom rdef;uav;oHrsm; Mum;&vdkYvm; rod? oljAKef;ceJ
vSnfhMunhfonf/ uRefrwdkY ESpfa,muf udk,fudk a&SUudkif;NyD; olYaumfvm
vnfukyfem;wGif ESmacgif;yGpdyGpdjzifh tvkyf&Iyfaeonfudk ol jrifoGm;\/ atmifh
rsufvHk;rsm;ESifh tvsif&ifqdkifrdNyD;aemuf olYrsufvHk;rsm; uRefrxH a&mufvmonf/
uRefr atmifhvdk ai;aMumifroGm;bJ olYudk jyHK;jyvdkufygonf/ xdktcg
olYrsufvHk;rsm; vufceJ awmufygoGm;atmif jyHK;jyNyD; aemufjyefvSnfhoGm;
avonf/

]] arT;w,faemf atmif ... reHbl; }} [k uRefr atmifhudk wdk;wdk;usdwfusdwf


ajymawmh atmifu uRefrudk 0rf;yef;wenf; Munhfonf/ olr\ vufcsmpmtkyf
zGifhvufp pmrsufESm tay:ydkif;ü pmwpfaMumif; cyfoGufoGufa&;NyD; uRefrudk
jy\/

]] eif bmjzpfvdkY olYudk oGm;jyHK;jy&wmvJ? eif wpfudk,faumif;qefw,f }}


wJh/

uRefr aemifw&oGm;ygonf/

]] ig rodbl; atmif&,f? olYudk odyfjyHK;jycsifwmyJ? pdwfqdk;vm; }} [k


atmifhpmaMumif;atmufrSmyif pmjyefa&;NyD; awmif;yefawmh olru jyefa&;\/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (10)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

]] aemufudk eif wpfa,mufwnf; uGufNyD; rjyHK;eJYaemf? jyHK;jyzdkY tpDtpOf


&Sd&if ighudk BudKajymxm;yg? igvJ jyHK;r,f }} wJh/

xdktcsdefrSpí uRefrwdkYESifhqHkvQif jyHK;jy EIwfqufaom tavhwpfck ol &&Sd


vmcJhonf/ xdkYjyif uRefrwdkY ESpfa,muf&Sd&m vufawGUcef; odkYr[kwf vlemaqmif
odkY taMumif;r&Sd taMumif;&Smí vmwwfNyD; uRefrwdkYudk jyHK;jyavh&Sdonf/
xdkYaemuf olYrsuf0ef;rsm;wGif t"dyÜm,f azmf&cufaom NidwG,frIwpfckudk aysmf&TifpGm
uRefrwdkY awGU&awmhonf/ xdkt&dyfuav;rS aemufwpfqif; wufvmzdkY
&ifckefarmyef;pGm uRefrwdkY apmifh&if; wpfa,mufudkwpfa,mufvnf;
tvpfray;bJ apmifhMunfhcJhMu avonf/

ol uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufESifh rqHkqHkatmif taMumif;&Smí ñ§dKU,ljyHK;jywm


uawmh rSefyg&JU? uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufrSwpfyg; tjcm; b,frdef;rudkrQ rsufvHk;csif;
qHkíyif rMunfhwmvnf; rSefyg&JY? b,folYudk vdkufaewm[laom owif;
odk;odk;oefYoefY uav;rQ olESifh ywfoufí rMum;&onfrSmvnf; rSefyg&JU/
odkYaomf uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufteuf rnfolYudk ol pdwf0ifpm;wmvJ/ rnfolYudk ol
jrwfEdk;wG,fwmygovJ/ uRefrwdkY ESpfa,muf tajzxkwfzdkY BudK;pm;cJhMu\/

olonf uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf wGJvmvQif jyHK;jy&if; atmifhudk yxrqHk;


Munhf\/ 'gudkvnf; uRefruawmh atmifht&yf&SnfvdkY atmihfudk ol tvsif
jrifrdwmaygh[k [mopGufum pdwfvSnfhpm; auseyfcJhwmygyJ/ xdkrsuf0ef;wGif
NidwG,frI rsm;pGm yg0ifaMumif;awmh uRefr xdwfvefYpGm &dyfrdygonf/ odkYaomf

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (11)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

csufcsif;yif atmifhxHrS rsuf0ef;u uRefrxH a&mufvmNyD; uRefrudk pl;&SpGm


ñ§dKU,laom rsuf0ef;rsm; jzpfoGm;jyefonf/ atmifhudkMunhfaom rsuf0ef;xJrSm
jrwfEdk;rI yg0ifvsif uRefrudkMunhfaom rsuf0ef;xJrSm rufarmwrf;wrI
yg0ifonf[k uRefr ajym&ygvdrfhrnf/

]] td&m ... vkyfraeygeJY? ol ighudk cspfaew,f[? aocsmw,f }} atmifu


uRefr rcHcsifatmif ajymavh&SdNyD; uRefruvnf; tm;usrcH ]] Munfhae rdatmif?
ol ighudk a[m'D wpfESpftwGif; &nf;pm;pum; ajymvmap&r,f odvm; }} [k
olrudk rMumcP twnfayguf qGay;avh&Sdygonf/

olYNidwG,frIonf uRefr xHrSmvm;? atmifhxHrSmvm; twdtus odvdkpdwf


rsm;vmaomtcg uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf tjrTmnDtpfrvdk tjrJwGJaeí rjzpfawmhbl;[k
ESpfa,mufvHk; em;vnfvmcJhonf/ olonf uRefr a&SUwGif atmifhudk wrf;wjyzdkY
cJ,Of;vdrfhrnf jzpfovdk atmifa&SUwGif uRefrudk ai;armwG,fwmzdkYvnf;
cJ,Of;ayvdrfhrnf/ xdktcsdefrSpí uRefrESifh atmifonf rMumcP ododomom
(ESpfOD;oabmwl) cGJxGufum vufawGUprf;oyfcJhMuonf/ wpfaeYMuKHawGUorSsudk
t&if;twdkif; NyefvnfaNymNycJhMuonf/ wpfcgwpf&H oli,fcsif;ESpfa,muf
wpfa,mufwpfae&mpD cGJxGuf&if; cyfvSrf;vSrf; ol rNrifuG,f&mavmufqDrS
tuJcwfMunfhzl;ao;\/ olonf uRefr rygbJ atmifhukdNrif&vSsif wpfcsufom
pl;pkdufMunfhNyD; olYrsufpdu [kd[kdonfonf vkdufMunfhtuJcwfavh&dS\/
cyfvSrf;vSrf;rSm uRefracsmifuyfí &Sdaeao;aMumif; NrifoGm;vSsifawmh vSpfceJ

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (12)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

NyKH;Nyvdkufaom olYrsuf0ef;rsm; atmufrSm uRefr ñTwfacGoGm;awmhrwwf


MunfEl;aysmf&Tif &avonf/ okdYaomf uRefrudk tvsifNrifawGUNyD; atmifhukd
rawGU&onfh tcgrsdK;wGifvnf; ol atmifhudk ysmysmovJ a0h0J&SmMunfhNrJ Nzpf\/
atmifhudkNrifoGm;vQif olYa&SUrSm uRefr eD;uyfpGm &dSaeygvsuf atmifwpfa,mufom
avmuwGif&Sdaeovdk ol NyKH;Ny EIwfquf oGm;Nyefavonf/ uRefrwdkY\
enf;y&d,m,fonf olYpdwfukd cGJNcm;odzkdY rpGrf;omcJhay/

onfvdkESifhyif olonf uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufudk aq;wuúokdvf


oufwrf;wpfavQmufvkH; b,fa,musfm;xHrS pdwfrupm;Nzpfatmif xdef;csKyf
ñ§dKU,lpGrf;&dSaom aumifuav; NzpfcJhygonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (13)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

- (3) -

uRefrwdkYcspf&aom xdkaumifuav;\ acsmrGwfvif;vufaom rsufESmESifh


awmufyaomtNyKH;udk Nyefvnf&ifckef&if; tcsdKUnrsm;wGif uRefrwkdYonf
wpfckwifwnf; ab;csif;,SOftdyfvsuf wpfa,mufvufudk wpfa,mufqkyfudkifum
rQa0cHpm;cJhzl;onf/

“ td&,f ... ig eifhudk b,favmufcspfw,fqkdwm eifodw,fr[kwfvm;”


[k atmifu 0rf;enf;pGm ar;zl;onf/ uRefr &kwfw&uf rsuf&nfa0hum
acgif;cyfoGufoGuf ndwfNyrd\/

“ wu,fvdkYrsm; olu ighudk zGifhaNymvmcJh&if igolYukd vufcHr,fvdkYrsm;


eifxifovm;[if ... td ”

xdkar;cGef;udk uRefr raNzyJ cyf&dyf&dyf NyKH;aeaomtcg atmifu


rsuf&nf0Jvsufu uRefrvufudk qkyfudkifzspfn§pfavonf/

“ ig ... olYudk Niif;ypfrSmyg td&,f? wu,faNymwmyg? eif,kHprf;yg[m/


rdatmif[m oli,fcsif;udk cspfolxufydkNyD; wefzkd;xm;wm eif awGUvmygvdrfhr,f”

atmifhtoH wkd;wdk;av;u ckdifrmNywfom;aeonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (14)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

“ ig,kHygw,f atmif&m ..../ 'gayr,fh bmrSrqdkifbl; atmif&JU/


oli,fcsif;qdkwm wpfoufvkH; vufwGJoGm;vdkYrS r&bJ/ cspfolqdkwmu cifyGef;
tNzpf ,kHMunfudk;pm;xkdufolqdk&if wpfoufvkH; udk,fhab;rSm aumif;wlqkd;zuf
Muifemr,fhol atmif&JU? pdwful;r,OfcsifeYJ atmif? rwlwm ESpfckudk ,SOfMunfhNyD;
tom;vGwf tepfemcHwJh ol&Jaumif;pdwfrsdK; rarG;prf;eJY? ol eifhudkrS cspfvmNyD
qdk&if eif 'Davmufcspf&wJhvludk b,folYtwGufaMumifhrS qkH;&IH;rcHeJY odvm;/ ”

uRefr wdk;wdwfpGm ESpfodrfhrdaomtcg atmifu tdyf&mrS xxkdifum


uRefrudk ikHYpdkufMunfhNyD; awGa0ae\/ xdkYaemuf ar;oifhrar;oifh csdefqaeykH
rsufESmxm;Nzifh uRefrudk ar;cGef;wpfck ar;ygonf/

“ eifqdkvkdwmu wu,fvdkY olu eifhudk cspfvmcJh&if ighudk riJhbJ eif


olYudk vufcHr,faygh ... [if/”

tvGef aNz&cufaom ar;cGef;wpfck Nzpfygonf/ uRefru atmifhvdk


pdwful;,Ofwwfol r[kwfay/ wu,fwrf;awmh olYudk &,lydkifqkdifzkdYtwGuf
b,folYrsuf&nfESifh vJ&vJ&? uRefr vJ&ufygonf/ okdYaomf tNzpfrSefudk atmifhudk
zGifhraNym&ef uRefr xdef;csKyfcJh&\/ atmifhudk NyKH;Munfhum ydyd&d&d vdrf&onf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (15)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

“b,fvufcHrvJ atmif&m/ apmapmuaNymwJh pum;u ighudk eif


n§mp&mrvdkbl;vdkY eifodapcsifvkdY aNymvdkufwmyg? 'Dr,f Munfhprf;? olYudkig
b,favmufyJ cspfcspf b,fawmhrS r,lbl;odvm; atmif”

uRefr\ vdrfvnfrI b,favmuf yDNyifovJqdkvSsif atmifhrsuf0ef;rsm;


vufueJ NzpfoGm;um uRefrudk tm;&yg;& zufayGU&,farm&if; atmif
rsuf&nfuscJhygonf/ atmifhrsuf&nfukd NrifrS uRefr atmifhudk ydkcspfoGm;um
rsuf&nfus &,farmrdawmhonf/

okdYaomf atmifonf uRefrtay: iJhñ§mpdwfNzifh olYudk


wu,fpGefYvTwfrSmvm;qdkwm uRefr oHo,0ifwmawmh trSefyJNzpfyg\/
acgif;pOfawG cGJa0rQ,lí pmusufNyD; Nyef&Sif;NyonfhtcgrsdK;utp vlemprf;oyf
avhvmonftxd wpfa,mufeJYwpfa,muf iJhñ§mum at;twlyltrSs cHpm; cGJa0
cJhMuaom uRefrwdkYESpfa,muftm; a,musfm;wpfa,mufu tvG,fwul
pdrf;um;uGJuGm apEdkifvdrfhrnf[k xifonf/

uRefr olYudk vufcHvkdufvQif atmifhtrkef;udk uRefr &&dSvmrnfvm;/


'gudkawmh uRefr rcefYrSef;wwfay/ xdkoHo,onf uRefrtay: umvrsm;pGm
vTrf;rdk;xm;cJhonf/ atmif olYudk vufcHvdkufvSsifawmh uRefr emusifpGm 0rf;enf;
rdrnf/ aemufNyD; &Suf&GHUodrfi,frdrnf/ okdYaomf atmifhudk b,fawmhrS rkef;wD;rdrSm
r[kwf/ 'guawmh aocsmonf/ uRefrwdkY okH;a,muf\ wdwfwcdk; Nyóemonf
aemufqkH;ESpf tydkif; c pmar;yGJNyD;qkH;í ol NyifOD;vGifwGif tvkyfoifq&m0eftNzpf

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (16)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

wm0efusNyD;? uRefrwkdYESpfa,mufu rEÅav;aq;&kHMuD;wGif wm0efuscdsefwGif


vGrf;qGwfwozG,f&m NzpfoGm;cJhao;\/ aemuf odyfrMumrDrSmyif qkH;cef;wdkif
tNzpfokdY a&mufcJhygonf/ b,fvdkrQ arQmfvifhrxm;aom Zmwfodrf;av;Nzpfonf/
NyifOD;vGifwGif awGU&aom ausmif;q&mrav;wpfa,mufESifh ol vufxyfoGm;Ncif;
yif Nzpfygonf/

olYzdwfpmudk tNcm;oli,fcsif;rsm;ESifhtwl uRefrwdkY vufcH&&dScJhygonf/

taqmifae ausmif;olb0vdk uRefrwdkYESpfOD; tcef;oyfoyfom


aecGifh&vQif tcef;wHcg;udk apmapmydwfum wdwfqdwfNidrfoufpGmyif
rsuf&nfuscsif usrdEkdifonf/ uHqdk;0g;pGmyif tvkyfoifq&m0ef trsdK;orD;aqmif
rSm tcef;oD;oefY r&dSaom cef;rus,fBuD;xJwGif ckwifrsm; pDwef;xm;Ncif;
NzpfaomaMumifh uRefrwdkY tcef;wHcg; rydwfedkifay/ ESpfa,mufvkH; NyKdifwl
apmapmtdyf&m0if MuzkdYvnf; &Suf&GHUaeMuaomaMumifh uRefrESifh atmifonf
aq;&kH0if;xJwGif wpfa,mufvuf wpfa,mufwGJum Nznf;ñ§if;pGm vrf;avQmuf
aecJhMuonf/ uRefrwdkY ESpfa,mufvkH; wrf;waom aiGvrif;taMumif;
raNymrdatmif [efaqmifrsdKodyf&if; vlemESifh a&m*grsm;taMumif; [efvkyfaqG;aEG;
aecJhMuao;\/ vrf;avQmuf&if; 'l;rsm; ñTwfacGcsum idkcsifpdwf ay:vmvQifawmh
eufNyma&mif aumif;uifrS v0ef;udk vdkuf&SmarmhMunfh&if; aNcmufuyfpGm &,farm
cJhMuavonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (17)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

nonf wNznf;Nznf; wdwfqdwfpGm euf&Idif;vmonf/ aemufqkH;awmh


xdef;csKyfxm;rIu NydKuGJoGm;avonf/

“ol wdkYudk rcspfbl;vm;[if ... td”

tufuGJaom atmifhpum;oHuav;ü &Suf&GHUrIrsm;pGm yg0ifaeaomaMumifh


uRefr oem;oGm;ygonf/ atmifh rsufESmwpfNcrf;udk tkyfrdk;aeaom
qHyifaysmhuav;rsm;udk uRefr vufESifh oyfz,fay;&if; NyKH;Nyrdonf/

“tcspfqdkwm wkdYxifwmxuf ykdNyD; em;vnf&cufw,feJY wlw,f


atmif&,f/ aemufNyD; a,musfm;awG&JUtcspf[m rdef;rawG&JU tcspfeJYrwlbl;wJh”

uRefrpum;u prf;w0g;0g;ekdifvGef;oNzifh uRefrbmudk qkdvkdrSef;


uRefrukd,fwkdifyif rodekdifatmif Nzpfaeygonf/

“ol wkdYudk owd&aer,fvdkY xifvm;[if”

“ol wdkYukd owd&aerSm aocsmwmaygh atmif&JU/ ckESpfESpfwdwd


wG,fwmcJhwJh oHa,mZOfMudK;udk tckrSawGU&wJh rdef;rwpfa,mufu b,fvkdvkyf
NzwfawmufypfedkifyghrvJ? ol ...wkdYukd arhrSmr[kwfbl;”

atmifhudk vdrf&orSs pum;xJwGif þpum;onf ,kwdÅrwefqkH;


Nzpfygonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (18)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufonf olYr*FvmyGJtwGuf vufzGJUudktwef;om;rsm;xJrS


rnfonfhtkyfpkESifhrQ ra&mbJ oD;oefYNyKvkyfcJh\/ ESpfa,mufvkH;\ qkH;Nzwfcsuft&
xdkvufzGJUypönf;onf olYZeD;ESifh roufqkdifaom? olYtwGufom tokH;0ifaom
oD;oefYypönf; Nzpf&rnf/ atmifu *smuif tuÐsvufzGJUrnf[k aNymawmh uRefr
cg;cg;oD;oD; Niif;rd\/

“rNzpfbl;atmif? a,musfm; tuÐsqkdNyD; ayghayghrwGufeJY? olYrdef;rudk


ay;0wfae&if b,fES,fhvkyfrvJ/ 'grSr[kwf vrf;c&D; oGm;&if;vm&if; olYrdef;r
csrf;vkYd ûcHay;&ifaum”

atmifhrsufESm zswfueJ ñ§Kd;oGm;avonf/

“'gNzifh zdeyfuGm”

uRefrNyKH;í acgif;cg&Nyef\/

“olYaNcaxmuf twkdif;twmudk wkdYrS rodwm atmif&,f”

aemufqkH;awmh em;MuyfteDa&mifuav;ukd uRefrwkdYESpfa,muf oabmwl


a&G;cs,fvdkufavonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (19)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

olonf em;Muyfukd olYrdef;rtm; ay;udkifekdifawmhrnf r[kwfay/


em;Muyfuav;onf olYykcHk;xufwGif wpfoufvkH; &dSaevdrfhrnf/ em;Muyfudk
tokH;NyKwdkif; uRefrwdkYESpfa,mufudk ol owd&ayvdrfhrnf/

vufzGJUypönf; vlMuHKESifh ay;&ef vSvSyy xkyfykd;NyD;aemuf olYemrnf\


aemufwGif olYZeD;\ emrnfukd emusifpGma&;cJh&ygonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (20)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

- (4) -

wu,fawmh þZmwfodrf;ydkif;uav;onf uRefrwdkY ESpfa,muftwGuf


tvGefvSyaMumif; umvMum&SnfawmhrS uRefr tcdkiftrm vufcHcJhawmhonf/

atmifESifh uRefr rkef;wD;emusnf;rI r&Sd/ wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf


wdwfwcdk; remvdkrI? 0rf;enf;tm;i,frI? rcHcsifjzpfrIvnf; r&Sd/ uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf
olYudk&,lzdkY usdwfí ,SOfNydKifcJhMuonfqdkvQif ,ckyJGwGif b,folrQ rEdkif? b,folrQ
r&IH;yg/

NydKifyGJwGif ESpfodrfhqkudk aMunmcGifh&rnfqdkvSsifawmh xkdqkukd &olonf


uRefrom Nzpfonf/ bmaMumifhvJqkdawmh owif;pmwGif uRefr vufxyfowif;
azmfNyNyD; ESpfywftMumwGif tNcm;vufzGJUrsm;xuf aemufusNyD; a&mufvmaom
olYvufzGJU vufaqmifwpfckudk uRefr vufcH&&dScJhaomaMumifh Nzpfonf/
xdkvufaqmifxkyfuav;udk zGifhMunfhvkdufaomtcg olYvufa&;rsm;onf uRefr
rsuf&nfNzifh 0g;oGm;cJhavonf/ usGefronf bk&m;wvsuf r,kHMunfedkifpGm &ifckef
wkefvIyf&if; NyKH;&,frdonf/

olonf usGefrudk owd&aecJhonfygvm;/ olonf uRefrudk rarhcJhol


yguvm;/ uRefrwdkY olYudk pwifpum;aNymonfhaeYudk ol b,fawmhrS
rarhcJhygvm;/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (21)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

olvufxyfoGm;í emusifaMuuGJ&aom uRefr\ 0rf;enf;pdwfonf olY


trSwfw& vufzGJUypönf;uav;aMumifh vGifhyg;aysmufuG,fcJhawmhonf/ olY
vufzGJUypönf;rSmvnf; uRefr wpfOD;wnf;twGufom tokH;0ifaom ypönf;
Nzpfygonf/

atmifhudk ñ§mwmpdwfNzifh þtaMumif;udk b,fawmhrSs NyefraNymawmh


ygbl;[k uRefrqkH;NzwfcsufcscJhonf/

“ td ... ”

“ig eifhukd aNymp&mwpfck&dSw,f”

&Snfvsm;aNzmifhpif;aom atmifhqHyifrsm; wdkoGm;NyD; wpfywfvSsdKqHxkH;


uav;Nzifh q&m0efyDopGm £aNE´&aeaomfvnf; atmifhrsuf0ef; ndKvJhawmufy
aeykHrSm ausmif;olb0wkef;uvdkyif Nzpfonf/

“bmvJ atmif”

“ig ... eifhudkaNymr,f ... aNymr,feJY raNymNzpfbl;/ 'gayr,fh tckawmh


aNymcsifvmNyD? aNymvkYdvJ bmrS xl;Ncm;p&m r&dSawmhbl;av”

qef;Mu,faom atmifhpum;aMumifh rD;a&mifatmufrS atmifhrsufESmudk


pdwf0ifwpm; tuJcwfrdonf/

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (22)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

atmifhtNyKH;onf ESpfaygif;rsm;pGmu tNyKH;vkdyif vef;qef;awmufyae\/

“ odyftHhNozkdY aumif;wmyJ td&,f/ ig r*Fvmaqmifwkef;uav


[kdwpfa,mufqDu r*FvmvufzGJUav; &w,f odvm;”

uRefronf Mum;&aompum;udk r,kHekdifpGm atmifhudkai;Munfhaerdonf/


[kdwpfa,mufqDu ... / olonf atmifhudkvnf; r*FvmvufzGJUykdYay;chJonfwJh/
uRefr\vufudk atmif u zsyfceJ qGJ,lzspfñ§pfonf/

“ol vufxyfwkef;uawmif rsuf&nfrusrdwJh iguav ... olYqDu


vufzGJUudk &awmhrS rsuf&nfusrdowJh td&,f/ eif rtHhMobl;vm;[if”

uRefronf wkefckdufonfh atmifh&,foH wdk;wdk;uav;aMumifh


MuufoD;xoGm;\/

“ol ighudk owd&aecJhw,f td&JU/ ol ighukd rarhcJhbl;aygh/ wdkYESpfa,muf


olYudk paemufcJhwJh tNzpfudk ol rarhbl; td&JU odvm;? ol bmvufzGJUr,fqdkwm
eifcefYrSef;Munfhyg td&,f”

uRefronf wpfcPtwGif; atmifhudk cg;oD;rkef;wD;oGm;aomaMumifh


NAKef;ueJ rsufESmvGJypfvdkuf&onf/

“igodygw,f atmif&,f? vufywfem&Dav; r[kwfvm;”

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (23)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

“[,f ... eifodw,f/ eifb,fvdkvkyf odvJ[if ... td”

uRefr\ykckH;ukd pdwftm;xufoefpGm atmif qkyfñ§pfvIyf,rf;vdkufonf/


uRefr atmifhudk vSnfhMunfhvdkuf\/ xkdYaemuf txufpD;tNyKH;Nzifh NyHK;Nyvdkuf
rdonf/

“ b,fvkdvkyf odvJqkdawmh ighudkvJ olu qDudkem&Duav;


vufzGJUcJhvdkYaygh atmif&JU/ igwpfa,mufwnf; okH;vkdY&wJh rdef;rywfem&D
uav;av”

xkdpum;udk aNym&aomtcsdefü uRefr EIwfcrf;rsm; csdKNraeovdk


cHpm;&onf/

rvIyfr,Suf ai;armoGm;aom atmifhrsuf0ef;rsm; rIefa0 usOf;aNrmif;


oGm;\/ uRefronf Nidrfoufaeaom atmifhudk pum;wpfckckawmhaNymrSNzpfrnf[k
udk,fhudkudk,f wGef;tm;ay;aerdonf/ okdYaomf uRefr atmifhudk pum;raNymcsifyg/

nonf euf&Idif;pGm wdwfqdwfoGm;\/ vGefcJhaom q,fESpfavmufu


nwpfnwkef;u þtvkyfoifq&m0efaqmifxJrSmyif uRefrESifh atmif
ckwifcsif;uyfvsuf yifhoufrsm;pGm &Idufum tdyfaysmfzkdY MudK;pm;cJh&zl;onf/
[kdwkef;u wpfckwifpDNzpfí ESpfa,mufom;Mum;rSm ae&mNcm;aeaomfvnf;

cspfjcif;\tEkynmESifh0w¬Kwdkrsm; pmrsufESm (24)


*sL; rdef;rESpfa,muf

aomuESifh &Suf&GHUrIudk rSsa0cHpm;pdwf tNynfhNzifh ESpfa,mufom; aEG;axG;pGm


eD;uyfaeovdk cHpm;cJh&ygonf/

,ckawmh wpfckwifwnf; twltdyfvsuf tom;csif;xdrwwf


eD;uyfaeaomfvnf; uRefrwdkYESpfa,muf ta0;MuD;a0;aeovdk cHpm;ae&onf/

“td ...”

uRefr atmifhrsufESmukd pdkufMunfhaerdonf/

“td&,f ... ol wkdYudk cspfcJhw,fayghaemf”

uRefr Nrifae&aom atmifhEIwfcrf;rsm; wNznf;Nznf;csif; awmufypGm


NyKH;vkdufaomtcg uGsefr Nrifzl;orQ atmifhtNyKH;rsm;wGif tvSqkH; NzpfoGm;\/
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