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Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Security questions
1. What’s the difference between local, global and universal groups? Domain local groups assign access permissions to global domain groups for local domain resources. Global groups provide access to resources in other trusted domains. Universal groups grant access to resources in all trusted domains. 2. I am trying to create a new universal user group. Why can’t I? Universal groups are allowed only in native-mode Windows Server 2003 environments. Native mode requires that all domain controllers be promoted to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory. 3. What is LSDOU? It’s group policy inheritance model, where the policies are applied to Local machines, Sites, Domains and Organizational Units. 4. Why doesn’t LSDOU work under Windows NT? If the NTConfig.pol file exist, it has the highest priority among the numerous policies. 5. Where are group policies stored? %SystemRoot%System32\GroupPolicy 6. What is GPT and GPC? Group policy template and group policy container. 7. Where is GPT stored? %SystemRoot%\SYSVOL\sysvol\domainname\Policies\GUID 8. You change the group policies, and now the computer and user settings are in conflict. Which one has the highest priority? The computer settings take priority.
zap text file can be used to add applications using the Software Installer. You want to set up remote installation procedure. What’s contained in administrative template conf. then Software Restriction Policies. 12. How frequently is the client policy refreshed? 90 minutes give or take. 18.9. 10. but MSI file is not available. What do you do? gponame–> User Configuration–> Windows Settings–> Remote Installation Services–> Choice Options is your friend. 14. What do you do? A . How can you restrict running certain applications on a machine? Via group policy.adm? Microsoft NetMeeting policies 11. Plus. Users may be selectively restricted from modifying their IP address and other network configuration parameters. You need to automatically install an app. What’s the difference between Software Installer and Windows Installer? The former has fewer privileges and will probably require user intervention. What can be restricted on Windows Server 2003 that wasn’t there in previous products? Group Policy in Windows Server 2003 determines a users right to modify network and dial-up TCP/IP properties. 15. 16. Make sure you check Block inheritance among the options when creating the policy. but do not want the user to gain access over it.zap files. What is "tattooing" the Registry? . Where is secedit? It’s now gpupdate. You want to create a new group policy but do not wish to inherit. it uses . security settings for the group. rather than the Windows Installer. 13. 17.
and stored files for users. What’s the major difference between FAT and NTFS on a local machine? FAT and FAT32 provide no security over locally logged-on users. 26. user will have the same permission. 22. This involves simply knowing the path of the file object. For a user in several groups. How do you fight tattooing in 2003 installations? User Configuration .System . Same as Read & Execute.Group Policy .enable Enforce Show Policies Only. 23. 20. However. How do FAT and NTFS differ in approach to user shares? They don’t. he can still gain access to the file using the Universal Naming Convention (UNC). The best way to start would be to type the full path of a file into Run… window. If the group policy is removed or changed. if at least one group has Allow permission for the file/folder. 19. Can he access it? It is possible for a user to navigate to a file for which he does not have folder permission.The user can view and modify user preferences that are not stored in maintained portions of the Registry. applications. both have support for sharing. . Even if the user can’t drill down the file/folder tree using My Computer. but not inherited by files within a folder. the user preference will persist in the Registry. 25. 24. How do you fight tattooing in NT/2000 installations? You can’t. newly created subfolders will inherit this permission.Administrative Templates . Only native NTFS provides extensive permission control on both remote and local files. particularly those who move between workstations or those who must periodically work offline. Explan the List Folder Contents permission on the folder in NTFS. I have a file to which the user has access. but he has no folder permission to read it. What does IntelliMirror do? It helps to reconcile desktop settings. 21. are Allow permissions restrictive or permissive? Permissive.
if at least one group has Deny permission for the file/folder. redundant root nodes may include multiple connections to the same data residing in different shared folders. I run Microsoft Cluster Server and cannot install fault-tolerant DFS. For a user in several groups. A fault-tolerant root node stores the Dfs topology in the Active Directory. NETLOGON. Drive$. changing the contents and then saving. with no filelocking involved in DFS. Use the UNC path. Only one file will be propagated through DFS. regardless of other group permissions. but cannot access it from a Win98 box. Can you use Start->Search with DFS shares? Yes. What problems can you have with DFS installed? Two users opening the redundant copies of the file at the same time. 30. . are Deny permissions restrictive or permissive? Restrictive. users are left with no link to the shared resources. Is Kerberos encryption symmetric or asymmetric? Symmetric. 35. not client. What hidden shares exist on Windows Server 2003 installation? Admin$. 28. if a shared folder is inaccessible or if the Dfs root server is down. 34. 29. 33.27. What’s the difference between standalone and fault-tolerant DFS (Distributed File System) installations? The standalone server stores the Dfs directory tree structure or topology locally. Yeah. 32. you can’t. print$ and SYSVOL. IPC$. which is replicated to other domain controllers. We’re using the DFS fault-tolerant installation. Install a standalone one. Thus. only 2000 and 2003 clients can access Server 2003 fault-tolerant shares. Thus. user will be denied access. Where exactly do fault-tolerant DFS shares store information in Active Directory? In Partition Knowledge Table. which is then replicated to other domain controllers. 31.
If hashing is one-way function and Windows Server uses hashing for storing passwords. 42. that it’s the Administrator account. 40. encrypted with the shared key. produces a 128-bit hash. not any account that’s part of the Administrators group. though. What’s the number of permitted unsuccessful logons on Administrator account? Unlimited. What’s the difference between guest accounts in Server 2003 and other editions? More restrictive in Windows Server 2003. What third-party certificate exchange protocols are used by Windows 2003 Server? Windows Server 2003 uses the industry standard PKCS-10 certificate request and PKCS-7 certificate response to exchange CA certificates with third-party certificate authorities. Remember. 41. 39. specifically the ones using NTLMv1? A cracker would launch a dictionary attack by hashing every imaginable term used for password and then compare the hashes. 37. How does Windows 2003 Server try to prevent a middle-man attack on encrypted line? Time stamp is attached to the initial client request. how is it possible to attack the password lists. 38. and the Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA-1). What hashing algorithms are used in Windows 2003 Server? RSA Data Security’s Message Digest 5 (MD5).36. produces a 160-bit hash. How many passwords by default are remembered when you check "Enforce Password History Remembered"? User’s last 6 passwords. .
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