You are on page 1of 3

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION

SEMINAR ABSTRACTS
2014-2018

VINOD C M (ETAOEEC059)
1-4-2018
FINDING INDIVIDUALS FOR DISASTER AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE
(FINDER)
[ Life Detection System Based on L & S Band Microwaves]

Abstract:

The "Life detection system: Based on L and S Bands Microwaves" is a new revolutionary
embedded system to detect human beings buried under earthquake rubble or debris.
"Thousands of persons killed as a cause of earthquake". The above words aren’t the headlines
of the newspaper but daily news everyone come across whenever we go through a
newspaper or watching over a TV news. With the meteoric embedded systems along with
microprocessor preventing deaths and providing safe guided measures. By advent of this
system the world death rate may decrease to greater extent as large percentage of death
occur due to earthquake. The advantages of microwave signals are fully utilized in this system.
The L and S band microwaves are used here to detect the living body.
A new sensitive microwave life-detection which can be used to locate human subjects buried
earthquake rubble or hidden behind various barriers has been constructed. This system
operating at 1150 MHz or 450 MHz can detect the breathing and heartbeat signals of human
subjects through an earthquake rubble or a construction barrier of about 10-ft thickness. The
basic physical principle for the operation of a microwave life-detection system is rather
simple. When a microwave beam of appropriate frequency (L or S band) is aimed at a pile of
earthquake rubble covering a human subject or illuminated through a barrier obstructing a
human subject, the microwave beam can penetrate the rubble or the barrier to reach the
human subject. When the human subject is illuminated by a microwave beam, the reflected
wave from the human subject will be modulated by tile subject's body movements, which
include the breathing and the heartbeat. If the clutter consisting of the reflected wave from
stationary background can be completely eliminated and the reflected wave from the human
subject's body is properly modulated, the breathing and heartbeat signals of the subject can
be extracted. Thus, a human subject buried under earthquake rubble or hidden behind
barriers can be located. This system has been tested extensively in a simulated earthquake
rubble in the laboratory and also in a field test using realistic earthquake rubble conducted
by a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Task Force.
ARTIFICIAL RETINA USING THIN FILM TRANSISTORS

Abstract:
Artificial retinas have been desired to recover the sight sense for sight handicapped people.
Recently, artificial retinas using external cameras, stimulus electrodes, and three-dimensional
large-scale integrations (LSIs) have been actively developed for patients suffering from
retinitis pigmentosa and age related muscular degeneration. So, in this seminar, we will
discuss about the possibilities of artificial retina using thin film transistors (TFTs), which can
be fabricated on transparent and flexible substrates. Electronic photo devices and circuits are
integrated on the artificial retina, which is implanted on the inside surface of the living retina
at the back part of the human eyeballs.