You are on page 1of 5

AGEN 180

AGRICULTURAL ELECTRIFICATION

Manuel, Jonathan B. September 15, 2017


Group II October 24, 2017

LABORATORY EXERCISE NO. 1


AC MOTOR

Introduction
Electric motors host almost all the mechanical movements that surround us. Conversion of
energy is the prime use of electric machines. Electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy by
motors. Motors are used for powering up devices that are commonly seen in our daily life. Sizes of motors
vary from motors taking load of 1000’s of horsepower to smaller application motors. Applications include
electric trains, elevators, robots, automobiles etc. (www.mepits.com).
An AC motor is an electric motor driven by an alternating current (www.wikipedia.com)

Definition of Terms

Capacitor box – where the capacitor is housed.


Flanged end shield – keeps the insides of the motor protected at the end of the motor where there is no
protruding shaft.
Fixing bolts – keeps the end shield in place.
Drive-end end shield – keeps the insides of the motor protected at the end of the motor where the output
shaft is.
Bearing enclosure – keeps the flange and the output shaft in place.
Output shaft – where the rotating movement / torque produced by the motor is obtained.

Objectives
After the end of the exercise the student must be able to;
 identify the main parts of a Lung Tang AC Motor from the laboratory machinery
 determine the type of motor enclosure
 enable to understand the process on how does it works.

Materials and Equipment


Materials and equipment used in this exercise are as follows:
 AC Motor
 Cell phone (Camera)
 Screwdrivers (Philips & Flat)
 Hammer
 Wrench

Methods
From the beginning the Lung Tung AC Motor was test to know if it works properly. After that,
students proceed by opening the motor and removing its parts on a dry flat surface (Figure1)
Capacitor box has been removed from the AC motor followed by capacitor (Figured1.C). Then
removed the alternator (Figured1.E) attached to the shaft and also removed drive-end end shield
(Figured1.E). After that, the flange end shield (Figured1.A) was detached also from the motor. Also
removed the cooling fan (Figured1.B) followed by rotor (Figured1.F) attached to shaft until stator
(Figured1.G) was the last part left.

Lung Tang AC
Motor

A D
Flanged-end
shield Drive-end shield

B E
Cooling fan inside the Alternator
flanged-end shield

G
Stator

C F
Capacitor inside Rotor
the capacitor box

Figure 1. Parts of Lung Tang AC Motor


Results and Discussion
Table 1. Main Parts of the Lung Tang AC Motor

Enclosure
 protects internal components from
environment hazard. protects internal
components from environment hazard.

Stator or Winding
 the stationary parts of the motor
sometimes referred to as “windings”.

Rotor
 rotor is the rotating part of the motor's
electromagnetic circuit.

Bearing
 supports the shaft and holds it in place.

Terminal Box
 point of connection of electrical power to
the motor’s stator windings.
Many types of electric motors are used for agricultural applications, and they are not all alike.
Some motors have fins to help get rid of heat even faster. The stator is a laminated magnetic core which
holds the electrical windings. Electricity flowing through these windings produces a magnetic field. The
rotor is the part that turns and, in most farm motors, has no windings. The rotor shaft extends from one
end of the motor for connection to the driven device or machine. Some motors, such as a grinder, have a
shaft extending from both ends. Direct current (dc) motors and some alternating-current (ac) motors have
windings on the rotor. These are called armatures. The bearings hold the rotating shaft to the motor
frame. Different types are sleeve, roller, and ball bearings. The choice of bearings depends upon the
application and mounting position of the motor. A fan inside the motor moves air over the windings to
remove heat. Heat is produced by the resistance of the windings. An open motor, air is drawn in at one
end, moved over the windings, and blown out the other end. For a totally enclosed motor, the air picks up
heat from the windings and takes it to the frame, where it gets to the outside by conduction. A motor
terminal housing is provided to connect the branch-circuit wires to the wires from the motor windings
(css.wsu.edu).

Figure 2. Lung Tang AC Motor

Lung Tang AC motor is a typed of a totally enclosed motor having a fan on one end which blow
airs over the outside of the case and this type of motor is recommended for dusty or wet areas in or
around farm buildings (css.wsu.edu).

An alternating current motor has two major components, the stator and the rotor. The stator
creates a rotating magnetic field. The rotating magnetic field acts on the rotor, causing it to spin due to the
rotating magnetic torque. The magnetic field from the stator is produced by the currents that are flowing
through the stator windings. The stator windings have several poles. The poles are activated by the
current at different times, causing the magnetic field to move or rotate. The rotor is built of a number of
magnets. The rotor magnets react to the rotating magnetic field and the rotor starts to rotate with the
magnetic field (jimhedges.weebly.com). All happens when it plugs to the outlet.
Summary and Conclusions
Lung Tang AC motor is an agricultural electric motor having the same main parts of a motor
excluding the design used for different applications and also it’s a totally enclosed motor.
Therefore, the students were abled to identify the main parts of a Lung Tang AC motor and
determine the function of each part.

References
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_motor
Electric Motor retrieved from css.wsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Motors1.pdf
http://www.electrical-knowhow.com/2012/05/electrical-motors-basic-components.html
http://jimhedges.weebly.com/parts-of-an-induction-motor.html