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Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes

Your Small Business

2 Pre Course Quiz
1.What is an incident?___________________________________________________________
2.Power tools must be fitted with guards and safety switches. True or False
3.Employees attitude may affect safety . True or False
4.Fall protection is required any time you use a ladder over 6 feet. True or False
5.Employees are must take personal responsibility for their safety, their co-workers and others on
a jobsite. True or False
6.MSDS’s are required for most chemicals used at a worksite and should be kept locked up in the
supervisor’s office for Safety. True or False
7.Guard rails should be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. True or False
8.When setting up goals for safety on a worksite the acceptable number of incidents should be
set at___________. (give a number)
9.If a fatality happens on a jobsite due to negligence, unsafe conditions, etc. Who is usually
responsible and held accountable? Owner of company, Supervisor, Co-worker. Circle one
10.Safety rules and guidelines and must always be written. True or False
11.It is OSHA’s responsibility to establish and implement a written hazard communication program.
True or False
12.Approximately 32 million workers work with or are potentially exposed to chemical hazards.
True or False
13.MSDS’s are printed on a mandatory standard OSHA form.
14.PPE is usually an optional step for employees in dealing with hazardous chemicals. True or
15.HazCom is commonly referred to as Right to know True or False
16.What is a Near Miss?_____________________________Do these need to be reported and
investigated? True or False
17.Employers are responsible to pay for all PPE for their employees. True or False
18.Safety Inspections should be conducted on all sites at least yearly. True or False
19.OSHA mandates First aid and CPR training for workers on sites. True or False
20.AHA stands for “All Hands Attention”. True or False
3 Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program
• Element #1 - Management, Leadership and Employee Involvement.
• Element #2, 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard Prevention and Control.
• Element #4 – Safety and Health Training and Education.
Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement
• Employer and employee involvement and communication on workplace-safety and health issues
are essential.
• Post the company’s written safety and health policy for all to see.
• Involve all employees in policy making on safety and health issues.
• Everyone must take an active part in Safety Activities.
5 Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement
• What is Workplace Safety?
• Definition: The process of protecting employees from work related illness and injury. It starts by

Developed 10/2010 1

Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes
Your Small Business

the development of a company Environmental, Safety and Health Policy statement and
implementation of a work place safety plan and program.

6 Ac-ci-dent (ak-si-duhnt) noun
1. an unexpected
and undesirable
7 Ac-ci-dent (ak-si-duhnt)
2. an unexpected
and undesirable event.
accidents can be controlled
8 Basic Principles of Good Safety Management
 Management Commitment
 Documented Safety Philosophy
 Safety Goals and Objectives
 Committee Organization for Safety
 Line Responsibility for Safety
 Supportive Safety Staff

9 Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement
• We must promote the goal of ZERO INCIDENT PERFORMANCE through planning.
• Safety Goals must be Communicated- They must be Realistic and they need to reflect the Safety
Culture of your organization.
• Your Safety Culture requires strong commitment from the top and Safety must truly be the #1
priority. It must become an integral part of your business and Safety must become EVERYONE’s

10 Basic Safety Philosophy
• Every Incident can be avoided.
• No Job is worth getting hurt for.
• Every job will be done safely.
• Incidents can be managed.
• Safety is Everyone’s Responsibility.
• Safety/Best manufacturing practices
• Safety standards, procedures and practices must be developed.
• Training- Everyone must understand AND meet the requirements.
• Working Safely is a Condition of Employment

11 Benefits of a Zero Incident Safety Policy

Developed 10/2010 2

surveillances. 15 Implementing Your Workplace Safety Program Use of Inspections. • Involvement and thinking of all people in the safety process is valued and expected. While management (workplace safety officer and safety committee) will be responsible for developing and organizing this program.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • Safety standards are communicated to all employees. It is also our intent to properly manage any incidents that occur so as to minimize injury and other forms of loss. • Each employee is expected to give consideration to the prevention of injury to self and co- workers. • Individuals and teams must be recognized for their adherence to and advancement of safety. follow and enforce the procedures. corrective actions. • Internal management control • Cost Avoidance • Improved Quality • Better Productivity • Team Building • Unsafe behavior stands out • Unsafe behavior is Unacceptable • Safe Work is influenced through peer pressure • Consistent planning and task execution 12 Key Safety Principles • Working Safely is a condition of employment. We embrace healthy habits and behaviors. its success will depend on the involvement of each employee. incident reporting. and become an active participant in this workplace safety program. families and communities. we have developed a safety program outlining our policies and procedures regarding employee health and safety. We look forward to your cooperation and participation. • Responsibilities for implementing standards are understood and accepted • Records will document how standards and Best Management Practices are met. • 13 Maintaining an Incident Free Environment • Shared Vision • Cultural Alignment • Focus on Incident Control • Upstream Systems • Feedback • Maintain the 4 – A’s • Cultural Change • Commitment 14 What a Safety Statement might look like (This is an EXERCISE) It is the intent of XYZ Industries to provide a safe work environment for all our workers and the wellness of our people. AHA’s Investigations. • Continual Improvement is the goal. In order for XYZ Industries to achieve our goals. A well managed workplace safety program can benefit our company in countless ways. provide Safety leadership Developed 10/2010 3 . Each and every individual must become familiar with the program.

For Example: • Your company is responsible for supplying appropriate safety equipment. They must determine that employees are fit for work. procedure. training that protects workers from work-related injury and illness while on the job.The program should include any policy. but employees are responsible for wearing personal protective equipment at the appropriate time and place. 18 Create Ownership of the program • Workers need to be involved in the creation and use of the workplace safety program for it to succeed. 17 Co-Workers Affect Each other’s Safety • Employees’ health and safety are affected not only by their own actions but by those of their co- workers. • Senior management must: Help employees manage hazards associated with their work (tasks or responsibilities).Promote & reward safe practices at work. 20 Measuring Performance Performance can be measured by: • Reduction in frequency of lost-time injury • Reduction in frequency of medical treatment (beyond first-aid care) injury. standards and regulations • Understanding the causes of incidents and injuries and • Openly acknowledging and promptly correcting deficiencies. 22 Employees Rights under OSHA Act Developed 10/2010 4 .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 16 Workplace Safety Program • Purpose. • Concerns. including the right to file a complaint free from discrimination and explain the elements of a valid complaint. and fatigue and stress. but workers are responsible for attending this training. asking questions and telling supervisors if they do not understand what is being explained. 19 Allow for Continuous Improvement In workplace safety and health. prescription drugs) 21 OSHA (29 CFR.” • Need to communicate employees rights under the OSHA Act. reducing injuries & illnesses at work and eliminating fatalities at work. • Reduction in number of sick days used • Lower workers compensation costs • Lower medical benefits payments ( doctor’s visits.1970) covers nearly all employees • The general duty clause reads “Each employer shall furnish…a place of employment which is free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees. • Your company should provide training to help employees carry out their assignments.To reduce work-related injury & illness • Content. Fitness involves: drug and alcohol issues. continuous improvement is about: • Seeking better ways to work • Measuring performance • Reporting against set targets • Evaluating compliance with procedures. physical and emotional well being.

tests your employer has done to measure chemical. Developed 10/2010 5 .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business – Get training from your employer on chemicals you are exposed to during your work and information on how to protect yourself from harm. (29 CFR 1904. – Request copies of appropriate standards. precautions you should take and procedures to be followed if you or other employees are involved in an incident or are exposed to hazardous chemicals or other toxic substances. (29 CFR 1910. location and availability of your medical and exposure records when you first begin employment and at least annually thereafter. Employers must establish a comprehensive. chemicals used in your workplace.1020) – 24 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – – Employers must inform you of the existence. and hazards associated with chemicals in unlabeled pipes and how the employer will inform other employers at a multi-employer worksite of the hazards to which their employees may be exposed. confined spaces. the cleaning of reactor vessels). Employers also must provide these records to you or your designated representatives within 15 working days of your request. how the employer will inform employees of the hazards of non-routine tasks (for example. written hazard communication program (Chemical Hazard Communication) Your employer must label chemical containers. regulations and requirements that your employer should have available at the workplace. (29 CFR 1910. the employer must notify you of your right of access to records at least 3 months before the employer ceases to do business. These include lockout-tagout. – Get training from your employer on a variety of other health and safety hazards and standards that your employer must follow. – The program must list the hazardous chemicals in each work area.7) – Access relevant exposure and medical records. and train you about the health effects of the chemicals you work with and what the employer is doing and what you can do to protect yourself from these hazards. – Review the Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA 300) at a reasonable time and in a reasonable manner or have an authorized representative do so for you. construction hazards and a variety of other subjects. rules. When an employer plans to stop doing business and there is no successor employer to receive and maintain these records. – Access relevant exposure and medical records. bloodborne pathogens. make material safety data sheets with detailed hazard information available to employees.1020) 23 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – Request information from your employer on safety and health hazards in your workplace. noise and radiation levels.

– File a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection if you believe serious workplace hazards or violations of standards exist in your workplace. Respond to questions from the compliance officer and tell the compliance officer about workplace hazards. Section 8) 27 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – – You and your coworkers have a right to talk privately and confidentially to the compliance Developed 10/2010 6 . Under no circumstances may the employer choose the workers' representative. If you want an OSHA inspector to come inspect your workplace. (OSH Act. Be sure to keep copies of any requests you make to your employer to correct hazards. (OSH Act. • FILE A COMPLAINT WITH OSHA if you believe that there are either violations of OSHA standards or serious workplace hazards. as well as harmful physical agents. (OSH Act. the OSHA inspector must talk confidentially with a reasonable number of workers during the course of the investigation.the right to observe monitoring exists only where monitoring is performed pursuant to a standard that provides employees with the right to observe. particularly if there is no authorized employee representative accompanying the compliance officer on the inspection "walkaround. Section 8) • BE INVOLVED IN OSHA'S INSPECTION of your workplace. Section 8). and see the resulting records. If the exposure levels are above the OSHA limit. – • REQUEST ACTION FROM YOUR EMPLOYER TO CORRECT HAZARDS OR VIOLATIONS. You can file a complaint online. put your complaint in writing and send it to the OSHA office nearest you. such as noise. (29 CFR 1903. by telephone or fax. the employer must tell you what will be done to reduce the exposure -.11) – Request in your written complaint that OSHA keep your name confidential if you do not want your employer to know who filed the complaint. 25 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – You may ask your employer to correct hazards even if they are not violations of specific OSHA standards. Where there is no union or employee representative. (29 CFR 1903. in writing." (OSH Act.8) The authorized employee representative has a right to accompany an OSHA compliance officer (also referred to as a compliance safety and health officer (CSHO) or inspector) during an inspection.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business – Observe any monitoring or measuring of toxic materials or chemicals. 26 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – – Have an authorized employee representative (such as a union representative) accompany the OSHA compliance officer during the inspection tour. Section 8).

describe injuries or illnesses or near misses that resulted from those hazards and describe past complaints about hazards. a special OSHA health inspection may be conducted by an industrial hygienist.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business officer whether or not a workers' representative has been chosen. Make sure that the inspector is aware if equipment has been shut down. • REQUEST A RESEARCH INVESTIGATION ON POSSIBLE WORKPLACE HEALTH HAZARDS. • 29 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – File an appeal of the deadlines that OSHA sets for your employer to correct any violation in the citation issued to the employer. Inform the inspector if working conditions are not normal during the inspection. The inspector also will gather detailed information about your employer's efforts to control health hazards. If health hazards are present in your workplace.17) • FILE A DISCRIMINATION COMPLAINT. • FIND OUT RESULTS OF AN OSHA INSPECTION. (29 CFR 1903. OSHA will let the employee representative know whether your employer is in compliance. – Contact the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to request a health hazard evaluation if you are concerned about toxic effects of a substance in the workplace. File a discrimination complaint (under Section 11(c) of the OSH Act) within 30 days if you are punished or discriminated against for exercising your safety and health rights or for refusing to work (not guaranteed by the OSH Act) when faced with an imminent danger of death or serious injury and there is insufficient time for OSHA to inspect. You may point out hazards. • • 28 Employees Rights under OSHA Act – • • GET INVOLVED in any meetings or hearings to discuss any objections your employer has to OSHA's citations or to changes in abatement deadlines. This OSHA inspector may take samples to measure levels of chemicals or other hazardous materials. Find out the results of OSHA inspections and request a review if OSHA decides not to issue a citation. File a discrimination complaint (under Section 11(c) of the OSH Act) within 30 days if you are punished or discriminated against for exercising your safety and health rights or for refusing to work (not guaranteed by the OSH Act) when faced with an imminent danger of death or serious Developed 10/2010 7 . Write to the OSHA Area Director within 15 working days from the date the employer posts the notice requesting on extension of the abatement deadline if you feel the time is too long. windows opened or other conditions changed from normal. PROVIDE COMMENTS AND TESTIMONY TO OSHA during rulemaking on new standards. including results of tests your employer may have conducted.

advising and counseling staff members who are not performing up Developed 10/2010 8 .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business injury and there is insufficient time for OSHA to inspect. • Pay close attention to employees learning new operations to make sure they have the proper job skills and awareness of the hazards. • REQUEST A RESEARCH INVESTIGATION ON POSSIBLE WORKPLACE HEALTH HAZARDS. Remember: the health and safety of employees are affected not only by their own actions but by those of co-workers. • A stipulation that abiding by all safety and health rules is a condition of employment. 33 Workplace Safety Training • Hold emergency preparedness drills for workers. • Ensure that everyone in the workplace is properly trained: managers. • 30 Occupational Safety and Health Program Includes • COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS • ANNUAL OSH INSPECTIONS • ABATEMENT OF HAZARDS • PROCEDURES TO REPORT HAZARDS WITHOUT FEAR OF REPRISAL • OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH TRAINING • ACCIDENT REPORTING & INVESTIGATIONS • HEALTH SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS • PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS • 31 Management Leadership and Employee Involvement in S&H Issues • Your plan should include statements on the value of workplace safety and why management is committed to it. Include nature of drill and expectations for employees during the drill. Expectations must be provided in the trainings. • Make sure no one does any job that appears unsafe. • A schedule of when and where regular meetings are held that address employee safety and health issues. 34 Workplace Safety Training Supervisors and managers are: • Responsible for daily monitoring of workplace safety practices. 32 Workplace Safety Training • Staff member training and education about safety rules and their responsibilities in the workplace will pay off in a safer and healthier workforce. • Accountable for mentoring. • PROVIDE COMMENTS AND TESTIMONY TO OSHA during rulemaking on new standards. • Supervisors and managers must be trained to recognize hazards and understand their responsibilities. – Contact the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to request a health hazard evaluation if you are concerned about toxic effects of a substance in the workplace. supervisors all full and part time and temporary workers. • A list of locations where written safety and health policies are posted for all employees to see. Provide them with guidelines for reporting and correcting hazards.

• Provide input in the development. officer or manager is usually in charge of the workplace safety program and appoints or Developed 10/2010 9 . review and suggestions of improvements to safe work procedures. COMMUNICATE. • Authorized to recommend a staff member for remedial training in a skill or on a machine or in attitude. AHA’s. 40 Take an Active part in Safety Activities • Safety must be everyone’s concern. SOP’s. In most small companies the role of a workplace safety coordinator can be incorporated into someone’s job description. safety committee. 35 Supervisors Responsibilities • SET EXAMPLE • KNOW. • Supervision should encourage employees to lead in regular safety meetings. as required. and in incident report investigations. In larger groups a safety director. corrective actions and lessons learned.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business to written policies and expectations. AND ENFORCE STANDARDS • OBSERVE EMPLOYEES WORKING • ANALYZE & DISCUSS SAFETY HAZARDS • COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR EMPLOYEES • FOLLOW UP WITH YOUR EMPLOYEES • TRAIN ALL EMPLOYEES ON RULES & PROCEDURES • CONDUCT INSPECTIONS • ACKNOWLEDGE SAFETY BEHAVIOR • INVESTIGATE & REPORT ACCIDENTS • CORRECT UNSAFE UNHEALTHFUL CONDITIONS • • 36 37 8 BASIC HAZARD COMMUNICATION REQUIREMENTS 1 • DETERMINE HAZARDS • COMPOSE MSDS • PROVIDE CUSTOMERS WITH MSDS AND WARNING LABELS • KEEP MSDS ON FILE AND ACCESSIBLE • 2 • LABEL CONTAINERS • DO NOT REMOVE OR DEFACE LABELS • INFORM AND TRAIN EMPLOYEES • WRITTEN HAZCOM PROGRAM • 38 Take an Active part in Safety Activities • COMPLY WITH Occupational Safety & Health STANDARDS • • REPORT WORKPLACE HAZARDS • • REPORT TO SUPERVISOR ILLNESSES/ INJURIES OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RESULTING FROM INCIDENT – IMMEDIATELY!! • 39 Take an Active part in Safety Activities • Actively participate in the daily safety meetings.

• We want to eliminate hazards during the design or planning stages of a project • Review incident causes. • Prevention of personal injuries is good business (and good science!) • 44 Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program • Element 1 . • Involvement in incident/accident investigations corrective actions and sharing Lessons Learned. or eliminate potential safety hazards. 43 REVIEW • All injuries can be prevented • Management is responsible for preventing injuries • Working safely is a condition of employment • Training employees to work safely is essential and everyone must be involved. • Reporting of all injuries. • An outline of the procedure for reporting hazards • Perform analysis on a regular and timely basis. • 42 Accident/Incident Investigations Today we want to look at: • Goals of Accident Investigation • Securing the Accident Scene • Root-Cause Analysis • The importance of Investigative Interviews • Assisting in Accident Investigations • Reporting Near Misses • The Role of Policies.Worksite Analysis • Analyze all workplace conditions to identify and eliminate existing or potential hazards. • Make certain all employees know and understand current hazard analysis for all jobs and processes. Leadership and Employee Involvement. Proper workplace design improves both safety and productivity. near misses or accidents immediately. without error or accident. • Element 2.Management. • Committee’s can be made up of many different people with different resources and abilities. control. 41 Take an Active part in Safety Activities • Encourage employees to lead and participate in the Daily Safety Meetings. inspection results to help identify trends • Knowledge of Emergency Response Plans and procedures and participation in drills • Developed 10/2010 10 . including the following: – Size and arrangement of work space – Physical demands of the tasks to be performed – Design of tools and other devices people use • The fundamental goal of a workplace design is to improve people’s ability to be productive. • Focus workplace design on all physical aspects of the work environment.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business sets up a safety committee to assist in implementing the safety program. • Taking personal actions and working directly with supervisors to identify. • Element 4 – Safety and Health Training and Education 45 Element #2 . equipment and training on Accident Prevention. 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard Prevention and Control. for extended time periods.

• Weekly Supervisor Inspections are conducted and recorded with a Employee.Inspection of work areas and audits of safety programs are tools that can be used to identify problems and hazards before these conditions result in accidents or injuries. Record of problem areas. Yearly Developed 10/2010 11 . And conditions that present a hazards are to be corrected or controlled immediately. Responsibilities • Management • Design and schedule audit and inspection procedures for all work areas. Examples and frequencies are: • All construction equipment .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • • 46 Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards SAFETY AUDITS / INSPECTIONS Purpose . Noise surveys are conducted by qualified persons with calibrated instruments 48 Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards SAFETY AUDITS / INSPECTIONS Equipment Inspections Are conducted to ensure specific safety equipment is in good working order and will function when needed. committee recommendations and deficiencies will be recorded and provided to management. equipment is in safe condition and safe work practices are in use. • Monthly Safety Committee Inspection.Monthly • Boiler Checks. • Noise Surveys are conducted at least annually. recorded on work orders for correction. The inspection sheet is forwarded to the Safety Manager for review and logging to track discrepancy correction. • Conduct routine audits and inspections • Ensure audits are conducted by employees who understand the various safety programs and policies • Supervisors • conduct informal daily safety inspections and ensure all unsafe conditions are corrected • conduct documented weekly inspections and ensure all unsafe conditions are corrected Corrections • All safety deficiencies found during audits and inspections should be corrected as soon as possible. This tour is to ensure Safety Committee Members are familiar with all areas of the operation. processes and procedures. Each month members of the Safety Committee will tour the entire facility with the Safety Manager.Daily prior to use – (use form and file) • Sprinkler Inspection . Discrepancies are listed on the inspection sheet. • 47 Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards SAFETY AUDITS / INSPECTIONS Types of Inspections • Supervisor & Management Daily Walk-through: this is an undocumented inspection that is made daily prior to startup and shift change to ensure the facility and equipment are in safe conditions for Employees. This documented inspection provides a focus to ensure current hazard controls are still effective. or whenever facility modifications are made that impact the ambient or specific work area noise levels.Daily. Audits also help to identify the effectiveness of safety program management and can be used as a guide to assure regulatory compliance and a safe workplace. Monthly. Weekly . All noted unsafe areas are placed in a safe condition prior to Employees working in the area. Documentation of corrections should be made on the audit or inspection sheet.

Before / After Use (Monthly at a minimum) • Hand tools – Daily • Scaffolding – Daily • 49 Regularly and thoroughly maintain equipment and vehicles.INSPECTIONS • 52 Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards SAFETY AUDITS / INSPECTIONS Program Audits are conducted to check the administration of specific safety and health programs.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • Emergency Lighting Test .Monthly • Emergency Lighting 90 Min. Program Audits of the following shall be conducted annually. 50 Fire Extinguisher INSPECTIONS • 51 Daily Hand Tool .Semiannually • Respirator Inspections. • Accident Prevention • Fire Prevention • Material Handling • Flammable Material Storage • Lockout-Tagout • Hazard Communication • Personal Protective Equipment • Confined Space Entry • Asbestos Controls • Boiler Safety • Bloodborne Pathogens • Contractor Safety • Electrical Safety • Tool Safety • Hot Work • Respiratory Protection 53 Site Safety Inspections 54 Site Safety Inspections 55 Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards SAFETY AUDITS / INSPECTIONS It is every employees responsibility to be on the lookout for possible hazards. Test .Monthly • Fire Extinguisher Inspections . Report Developed 10/2010 12 .Monthly • Safety Equipment Inventories .

or drive guards missing. ergonomics and other job hazards Developed 10/2010 13 .  Are an estimated 650.Hazard Prevention and Control • Regularly and thoroughly maintain equipment and vehicles. sprinkler heads. loose or improperly placed 56 Work Place Analysis thru Hazardous Commmunication Identification and Training The OSHA Standard  32 million workers work with or are exposed to one or more chemical hazards. Evidence of smoking in non-smoking areas  Evidence of any equipment running hot or overheating  Safety devices not operating properly – Warning Signs Not In Place  Machine. extension cords. loose or broken windows  Dangerously piled supplies or equipment (HOUSEKEEPING).000 existing chemical products and this poses a serious problem for exposed workers. Panel doors left open. no LOTO. power transmission.  Missing (or inoperative) entrance and exit signs and lighting  Poorly lighted stairs  Loose handrails or guard rails  Open. Employers have an obligation to provide employees with training.  OSHA issued the Hazard Communication standard 29 CFR 1910. damaged. etc. Roof leaks  Blocked aisles – Blocked fire doors  Blocked fire extinguishers. heat stress. such as hose links. to address this issue. piping.  Hazardous Communication standard is based on a simple concept. OILY RAGS  Unlocked doors and gates  Electrical equipment left operating. information. oil other liquids. frayed cords. water.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business Immediately:  Slippery floors and walkways – open holes in floors  Tripping hazards. 57 Hazard Communication Safety Training • OSHA’s Hazard Communication standard gives employees the right to know about chemical hazards in the workplace. that employees have both a need and a RIGHT TO KNOW the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working.1200. (we just looked at equipment Inspections) • Ensure that employees know how to use and maintain personal protective equipment (PPE) • Train employees in proper procedures for handling specific situations • Monitoring for air quality. noise. Personal Protective Equipment and other safety measures dealing with chemical hazards. • Employees need to remember to: o Take training seriously and pay attention o Read labels and Material Safety Data Sheets o Know where to find the Material Safety Data Sheets o Use appropriate Personal Protective Equipment o Know correct emergency procedures o Use safe work Habits 58 Element #3 . blocked access to electrical panels  Leaks of steam.

• The hazard can be eliminated with a work practice or administrative control. life safety and first aid issues 59 Standard Operating Procedures 60 Standard Operating Procedures • Drug Free workplace • Recognition and Awards • Audits and Surveillances • Incident Reporting & Investigation • Lessons Learned • General Safety SOP’s. • Employees can change the way they do their jobs and the exposure to the potential hazard is removed. • 64 Work Practice/ Administrative Controls • If . • Then . . . • The hazard can be eliminated with an engineering control. • The work environment can be physically changed to prevent employee exposure to the potential hazard. • Remember… PPE is the last level of control! • • • 65 Developed 10/2010 14 . .Lets discuss 61 Ensure that employees know how to use and maintain personal protective equipment (PPE) 62 Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards • Employers must protect employees from hazards such as falling objects. harmful substances. • Employers must: – Use all feasible engineering and work practice controls to eliminate and reduce hazards. • PPE is the last level of control! • 63 Engineering Controls If . . .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • Emergency Action Plans and procedures .Fire. Then . . – Use personal protective equipment (PPE) if the controls don’t eliminate the hazards. and noise exposures that can cause injury. . .

106. Hearing protection – 1926. providing. Eye and face protection – 1926. Working over or near water • 68 IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE EMPLOYEE. Safety nets – 1926. Head protection – 1926. and using PPE as part of an employer’s routine operation • Assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present.95. and lanyards – 1926.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 66 Examples of PPE 67 1926 Subpart E. Safety belts. . which necessitate the use of PPE • Select the proper PPE • Train employees who are required to use the PPE 71 Training Developed 10/2010 15 .Use PPE in accordance with training received and other instructions.96. Personal protective and life saving equipment – 1926.Inspect daily and maintain in a clean and reliable condition. lifelines.104.100. or are likely to be present. Occupational foot protection – 1926. STORED AND MAINTAINED! • 69 Employer – Assess workplace for hazards – Provide PPE – Determine when to use – Provide PPE training for employees and instruction in proper use Employee .102. 70 Establishing a PPE Program • Procedures for selecting. Criteria for personal protective equipment – 1926. Respiratory protection – 1926. SUPERVISOR AND HEALTH AND SAFETY REPRESENTATIVE TO ENSURE THAT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IS CORRECTLY CHECKED.101.105.103. training.

• Use engineering and work practice controls to eliminate or reduce hazards before using PPE. the employer must ensure that the equipment is adequate to protect the employee from hazards at the workplace. • However. life safety and first aid issues • • CONTIGENCY PLAN FOR SEVERE WEATHER & OTHER EMERGENCY RESPONSE SITUATIONS • An emergency response plan is a living document and will be changed as conditions and personnel change. INTRODUCTION Developed 10/2010 16 . take off. including how to recognize deterioration and failure. how and when it must be worn. 2007. 75 PPE Summary Employers must implement a PPE program where they: • Assess the workplace for hazards. It will be the responsibility of the HS manager to update the Emergency plan and to keep the material current. and maritime standards. 74 Who Pays for PPE? Employee-owner PPE and replacement PPE: • When an employee provides his/her own PPE. when an employee has lost or intentionally damaged PPE. • • I.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business Employees required to use PPE must be trained to know at least the following: • Why training is necessary? • When PPE is necessary • How will it protect them? • What are its limitations? • What type of PPE is necessary? • How to properly put on. • Select appropriate PPE to protect employees from hazards that cannot be eliminated. • Require employees to wear selected PPE. adjust and wear the PPE 72 Training • Proper care and maintenance of the PPE • How to clean and disinfect? • How to identify signs of wear? • What is its useful life & how is it disposed? 73 Who Pays for PPE? • On November 14. • Train employees how to use and care for their PPE. • The employer is required to pay for replacement PPE used to comply with OSHA standards. • Inform employees why the PPE is necessary. the employer is not required to pay for its replacement. • Many employers already pay for approximately 95% of the employees PPE.Fire. 76 Emergency Action Plans and Procedures . OSHA announced a new rule requiring employers to pay for almost all personal protective equipment that is required by OSHA’s general industry. construction.

A Written Safety Program – What it should look like. Leadership and Employee Involvement. REPORTING AN EMERGENCY • The person who discovers an emergency should use any of the following methods for prompt notification: • 1.PROTECTIVE ACTIONS • 1. • Element 4 – Safety and Health Training and Education 79 Establishing a Safety and Health Training Program Today we are going to look at: New Employee Orientation – View an actual Orientation film Activity Hazard Analysis for every task performed and how to write them. floods.3 blasts to notify evacuation to Rally point by the • III. life safety and first aid issues In addition to Fires.Fire. • Turn off all sources of outdoor air (fans. Telephone: (554-4713) or 911 and then (Dave Wells 383-7051 –ECC H&S) • 2. Sheltering-in-place requires employees to: • Go indoors immediately. and medical emergencies we also need to address: • Different severe weather conditions –Tornadoes. • Element 2.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • This plan provides guidance to employees at the MECT 3&4 site and future buildings concerning emergency actions and provides a clear statement of required employee responses during an emergency. lightning. Sound blast horn . • II. etc. • Bomb Threats • Violent Employee or Site Shooter • 78 Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program • Element 1 . 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard Prevention and Control. ventilation system). Sheltering-in-place. Trade or equipment specific safety training. earthquake. air conditioners. Hurricanes.Management. 77 Emergency Action Plans and Procedures . • Close all windows and doors. Notification of sheltering-in-place normally will be announced over the emergency notification system. OSHA 10 -30 hour Training Classes First Aid /CPR/AED/Blood Borne Pathogen  80 New Employee Orientation 81 New Employee Orientation 82 What have we learned so far? 83 What have we learned so far? Developed 10/2010 17 . Sheltering-in-place is the primary protective action in response to most hazardous material releases.

project managers or safety specialists to identify specific company personnel that could answer questions concerning the plan or. and mandatory wearing of long-sleeved shirts. EM 385 requires that company officials responsible for specific aspects of the plan be identified. requires the title.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 84 • • 85 • • While many of the requirements of EM 385 closely parallel OSHA's requirements. 89 Written Accident Prevention Plans • Accident reporting. Specific requirements for a written site-specific accident prevention plan. the signature sheet. signature and phone number of the person who prepared the plan. it must be a detailed. 86 Written Accident Prevention Plans • The accident prevention plan required by EM 385 is not some vague. alcoholic beverages or illicit drugs on the job. generic document typical of many construction companies that lists general safety rules such as prohibiting horseplay. • Such information would allow DoD contracting officers. 90 Written Accident Prevention Plans Developed 10/2010 18 . discuss problems concerning its implementation. more importantly. • Rather. • For example. or possession of firearms. note that element 1. there are 2 notable differences: • 1. The development of activity hazard analyses that identify potential hazards by each phase of a construction project & identify the precautions the contractor will take to control those hazards • These two things will drive and guide all work on a DOD Project. and how and when reports and logs will be completed. who will conduct accident investigations. how major accidents will be reported. site-specific written plan that describes the management processes that will be used to prevent accidents from occurring on a specific construction project. how and when information will be provided on exposure data such as man hours worked that can be used to evaluate safety performance. hard hats and safety glasses. the person who approved the plan and any individuals who concurred with the plan. must address who. • 87 Written Accident Prevention Plans 88 Written Accident Prevention Plans • Unlike OSHA requirements. 2.

Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 91 92 Activity Hazard Analysis 93 Activity Hazard Analysis Activity hazard analysis requires contractors to be proactive in aggressively identifying hazards that can be anticipated and controlling them rather than looking back with 20/20 hindsight. We need to determine if Probability of an accident is low-medium or high and if HIGH.  How might the employee’s perception of a “hazard” differ from that of the employer or supervisor? 97 Activity Why is an AHA more effective than walk-around inspections in reducing accidents in the workplace? 98 Probability Probability is defined as: the chance that a given event will occur. 94 Activity Hazard Analysis . Why? • ( list three possible explanations ) • • • 96 AHA Purpose  Effective AHA’s help the employer recognize and control hazards and exposures in the workplace.the Developed 10/2010 19 .Key Terms • • What’s the Job or Activity? • What are the Hazards? • What’s an exposure? • What is Analysis? 95 Activity • Workers in their first year with their employer account for more than 50% of disabling claims.

Watch the work being done • • Why is it important to involve the employee? • • • • • • 101 AHA Step Two . • • The information gathered in this step will be valuable in helping to eliminate and/or reduce hazards associated with the job. and improve the system weaknesses that produced them. • One of the primary purposes of the AHA is to make the job safer.Describe the hazards in each step of the task.Watch the work being done • • • • • • • • What are some effective methods to watch the work being done? • 100 Activity Hazard Analysis STEP 1 • • Step One . • Developed 10/2010 20 . 99 Activity Hazard Analysis STEP 1 • Step One .Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business chances are very likely that an accident could occur.Break the job down into steps • • • • • • 102 AHA Step 3 • Step Three .

– 4. – 2. • Chemical Reactions: Chemical reactions can be violent. 110 Accident Types Developed 10/2010 21 . 106 Identifying types of hazards • Pressure: Increased pressure in hydraulic and pneumatic systems. – 8. 108 Identifying types of hazards • Explosives: Explosions result in large amounts of gas.burns. impact. • Struck-against: – A person forcefully strikes an object. High Force.destroys tissue. • Radiation: Non-ionizing . • Electrical Contact: Inadequate insulation. 104 Identifying types of hazards • Acceleration: When we speed up or slow down too quickly • Toxic: Toxic to skin and internal organs. can cause explosions. noise. Vibration. Ionizing . ejected parts and materials. 109 Accident Types • Struck-by: – A person is forcefully struck by an object. Posture. • Violence In The Workplace: Any violent act that occurs in the workplace and creates a hostile work environment that affects employees’ physical or psychological well-being. broken electrical lines or equipment. heat. rotating parts. Mechanical Pressure. 107 Identifying types of hazards • Biological: Primarily airborne and blood borne viruses. – 6. dispersion of materials and emission of heat. Point of Operation. sharp points and edges. the fuel and oxidizer must be present in gaseous form. lightning strike. is harmful and causes injury. High Frequency. weight. – 7. • 105 Identifying types of hazards • Ergonomics: Eight risk factors – 1. The force of contact is provided by the object. – 5. • Contact-by: – Contact by a substance or material that. stability. by its very nature. light and over-pressure. “General Safety” should be identified for every phase of work. – 3. static discharge etc. The person provides the force or energy. High Duration. • Mechanical: Pinch points.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 103 AHA Step 3 • “Potential Hazard” column can have “General Safety” as a potential hazard to include minimal PPE . • Flammability/Fire: In order for combustion to take place. Environmental Exposure.

be pulled into a machine. or substances (toxic chemicals/atmospheres). • These controls focus on the source of the hazard. or making other changes in the way the employee performs the job. • The basic concept behind engineering controls is that. 112 Accident Types • Over-exertion: – A person over-extends or strains himself/herself while performing work. a person is exposed to harmful energy (noise. • Bodily reaction: – Caused solely from stress imposed by free movement of the body or assumption of a strained or unnatural body position.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • Contact-with: – A person comes in contact with a harmful substance or material. • Caught-on: – A person or part of his/her clothing or equipment is caught on an object that is either moving or stationary. • Caught-in: – A person or part of him/her is trapped. • Over-exposure: – Over a period of time. improving sanitation and hygiene practices. This may cause the person to lose his/her balance and fall. Developed 10/2010 22 . 111 Accident Types • Caught-between: – A person is crushed. or otherwise caught in an opening or enclosure. • Fall-to-surface: – A person slips or trips and falls to the surface he/she is standing or walking on. or between two moving objects. pinched or otherwise caught between a moving and a stationary object. isolation. or suffer some other harm. and when safe work practices and administrative controls cannot provide sufficient additional protection from exposure. lack of energy (cold). 116 Personal Protective Equipment When exposure to hazards cannot be engineered completely out of normal operations or maintenance work. the work environment and the job itself should be designed to eliminate hazards or reduce exposure to hazards 115 Management Controls Management controls may result in a reduction of exposure through such methods as changing work habits. personal protective clothing and/or equipment may be required. and equipment modification. A leading source of injury. unlike other types of controls that generally focus on the employee exposed to the hazard. The person initiates the contact. ventilation. heat). • Fall-to-below: – A person slips or trips and falls to a level below the one he/she was walking or standing on. to the extent feasible. 113 Step 4 – Control Measures 114 Engineering Controls • Consist of substitution.

specifically section 01. especially those that are not particularly obvious.htm • 123 Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program • Element #1 . review pertinent aspects of appropriate activity hazards analyses (by trade). city. and provide pertinent safety and health training and motivation. • In particular. state and any other applicable regulations. OSHA Requirements • Some other areas of stricter compliance in EM 385 are in areas such as : * Confined Space procedures * Cumulative Trauma Prevention." • Meeting must be held at least once a week………. • • • An online copy of EM 385 may be found at www. some areas of enforcement may be much stricter than on others. OSHA Requirements • EM 385 includes some more stringent technical provisions than CFR 1926. but ultimately the EM 385 1- 1 must be your guideline for site H&S compliance in addition to any OSHA. establish safe working procedures for anticipated hazards. Leadership and Employee Involvement.usace. the level of emphasis that EM 385 places on employee training and job site inspections suggests that EM 385 views these two elements as being critical for preventing accidents. * Operations of All. • Element #2. plan for new or changed operations. Developed 10/2010 23 . • This makes sense because employee training is crucial for informing employees of the potential hazards to which they are exposed and the precautions that should be taken to mitigate those hazards.03 which requires that "safety meetings shall be conducted to review past activities.B.Management. 121 EM 385 vs. 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard Prevention and Control.Terrain Vehicles * Lock-out / Tag-out • Each project is different and depending on the USACE QA. 122 EM 385 vs.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business 117 Step Five – Safe Operating Procedure 118 LETS BUILD AN AHA 119 LETS BUILD AN AHA 120 EM 385 manuals/em385-1-1/ OSHA Requirements • EM 385 includes provisions for ongoing training.

29 CFR 1910.the OSHA / EPA requirement to have all employees trained if they will be handling.Best management practices • PPE – Personal Protective Equipment • DOD – Department of Defense • OSH – Occupational Safety and Health Program • OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration • 29 CFR – Code of Federal RegulationsHazWoper .Orientations Safety Inspection Immediate Accident Reporting and Accident Investigations Program Reviews  • •     125 NO IT’S NOT THE END IT’S JUST THE BEGINNING 126 Abbreviations • AHA – Activity Hazard Analysis • APP – Accident Prevention Plan • BMP .AHAs Health & Safety Training – Supervisor Key – All must be trained. confined Developed 10/2010 24 . Recordkeeping.Document everything Safety Analysis – Goal is to Eliminate Hazards . Management must commit to safety and participate if APP is to get results.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business • Element #4 – Safety and Health Training and Education.120 . • USACE – United States Army Corps of Engineers • NFPA – National fire protection axsociation • PEL – Permissable exposure limit • RMP – Risk Management Plan • EPA – Environmental Protection Agency 127 EXTRAS Power Points – “Creating a Safety program for your small buisness”. Competent person. 124 REVIEW: What have we learned about developing a Safety Program A written APP can benefit our bottom line and the end result will depend on how well you implement your APP and manage your programs. Written Safety Policy statement to get employee awareness & involvement . managing or shipping hazardous wastes. Displaying the required OSHA posters.

Fire Protection. Developed 10/2010 25 . LockOut/TagOut standard. Blank Accident Prevention plan.SOP’s on LOTO. Demolition check list. Safety Orientation in English/Spanish. Deficiency tracking log. daily excavation/trench form. Equipment inspection stickers. Sub-contractors Prequalification Packet for DOD work. lighting plan. confined space Pre-entry check list. PLAN OF THE DAY FORM. office safety. Safety Representatives Training. Equipment operator qualification forms. Hand and Power tools. Safety Supervisor training. Assured Grounding Program. ALSO. eye safety. Equipment inspection forms. contractors visitor sign in sheet. ECCO SLIP reporting form. safety orientation in Spanish. Safety Audits. Generic Health and Safety plan. Numerous Safety Forms . fire extinguisher inspection forms. List. Tailgate meeting sign in sheet. basic Electrical safety. HASP compliance agreement form. Scaffold awareness Training. Crane inspection forms.Creating a Safety Program for Student Notes Your Small Business space entry. Supervisors and managers responsibilities. EM 383 1-1 crane critical lift ck. Safety audits and SITE INSPECTION PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS. and A sub- contractor Packet that needs filled in prior to working on DOD site. Focus on 4 Poster. 1st aid log in sheet. AHA’s.