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Draft for Public Comment Form 36

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DPC: 04/30055611 DC

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Latest date for receipt of comments: 30 September 2004 Project no.: 2001/01698
Responsible committee: B/505 Wastewater Engineering

Interested committees: B/2;B/11;CB1;B/505/4/P1

Title: Draft BS EN 124 Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas.

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a
Introduction
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Date Document

National Clause/ Paragraph/ Type of comment COMMENTS Proposed change OBSERVATIONS OF


Committee subclause Figure/ Table THE SECRETARIAT
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3.1 1st definition Editorial Definition is ambiguous and Amend to read ‘... so
needs clarifying. that the mains
connector to which no
connection ...’

6.4 §2 Technical The use of the UV Delete reference to UV


photometer as an photometer.
alternative cannot be
supported as serious
problems have been
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UK.
Microsoft and MS-DOS are registered trademarks, and Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

b
EUROPEAN STANDARD DRAFT
NORME EUROPÉENNE prEN 124
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2004

ICS Will supersede EN 124:1994

English version

Gully tops and manhole tops for vehicular and pedestrian areas

Dispositifs de couronnement et fermeture pour les zones Aufsätze und Abdeckungen für Verkehrsflächen
de circulation utilisées par les piétons et les véhicules

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 165.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language
made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same
status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and
shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2004 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 124:2004: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
prEN 124:2004 (E)

Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................. 3
1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 4
3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 6
4 Classification....................................................................................................................................... 10
5 Place of installation ............................................................................................................................ 10
6 Materials............................................................................................................................................... 11
7 Design requirements .......................................................................................................................... 12
8 Performance Requirements ............................................................................................................... 18
9 Testing ................................................................................................................................................. 19
10 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 21
11 Evaluation of conformity.................................................................................................................... 22
Annex A (normative) Model procedure of factory production control ....................................................... 25
Annex B (normative) Third party certification............................................................................................... 33
Annex C (normative) Additional requirements for manhole tops and gully tops made of steel and
aluminium alloy................................................................................................................................... 36
Annex D (normative) Additional requirements for manhole tops and gully tops made of steel
reinforced concrete ............................................................................................................................ 39
Annex E (normative) Additional requirements for manhole tops made of composite materials ............ 43
Annex F (normative) Additional requirements for manhole tops made of Polypropylene (PP)............... 46
Annex G (normative) Permanent set test...................................................................................................... 57
Annex H (normative) Test of load bearing capacity ..................................................................................... 61
Annex I (normative) Test of deflection under load ....................................................................................... 62
Annex J (normative) Test to determine the unpolished Skid/slip resistance value (USRV) of
manhole covers................................................................................................................................... 64
Annex K (normative) Test of securing of the cover/grating within the frame............................................ 67
Annex L (informative) Recommendations for installation............................................................................ 68
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Construction Products Directive (89/106).................................................... 71

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

Foreword
This document (prEN 124:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 165 “Waste water
engineering”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

This document will supersede EN 124:1994.

Annexes A to K , inclusive, are normative.

Annex L is informative.

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1 Scope
This standard applies to gully tops and manhole tops with a clear opening up to and including 1000 mm, for
installation within areas subjected to pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic.

This standard does not apply to floor and roof gullies in buildings which are specified in EN 1253 and to
surface boxes.

The purpose of this standard is to establish definitions, classes, materials, design and testing requirements,
marking and quality control of gully tops and manhole tops.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 59, Glass Reinforced Plastics; Measurement of Hardness by Means of a Barcol Impressor.

EN 63, Determination of flexural properties – three point method.

EN 206-1:2000, Concrete — Part 1: Specification, performance, production and conformity.

EN 287-1, Approval testing of welders; fusion welding — Part 1: Steels.

EN 287-2, Approval testing of welders; fusion welding — Part 2: Aluminium and Aluminium alloys.

EN 288, Automotive fuels — Unleaded petrol — Requirements and test methods.

EN 513, Unplasticized polyvinylchloride (PVC-U) profiles for the fabrication of windows and doors —
Determination of the resistance to artificial weathering.

EN 571, Non destructive testing — Penetrant testing — Part 1: General principles.

EN 590, Automotive fuels — Diesel — Requirements and test methods.

EN 1253-1, Gullies for buildings — Part 1: Requirements.

EN 1386:1996, Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Tread plate - Specifications.

EN 1433, Drainage channels for vehicular and pedestrian areas - Classification, design and testing
requirements, marking and evaluation of conformity.

EN 1561, Founding - Grey cast irons.

EN 1563, Founding - Spheroidal graphite cast irons.

EN 10056, Structural steel equal and unequal leg angles — Part 1: Dimensions.

EN 10088-1:1995, Stainless steels - Part 1: List of stainless steels.

EN 10130, Cold-rolled low carbon steel flat products for cold forming - Technical delivery conditions.

EN 12373-1:2002, Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Anodizing (all parts).

EN 12390-3, Testing hardened concrete — Part 3: Compressive strength of test specimens.

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

EN 13036-4, Road and airfield surface characteristics – Test methods — Part 4: Method for measurement of
slip/skid resistance of a surface: The pendulum test.

EN 13369:2004, Common rules for precast concrete products.

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements – Classification using test data
from reaction to fire tests.

EN 20105-A02, Grey scale for assessing change in colour.

EN 20105-A03, Grey scale for assessing staining.

ENV 12633, Method of determination of unpolished and polished slip/skid resistance value.

EN ISO 62, Plastics – Determination of water absorption (ISO 62:1999)

EN ISO 175, Plastics – Methods of test for the determination of the effects of immersion in liquid chemicals.

EN ISO 178:2003, Plastics – determination of flexural properties

EN ISO 306:1997, Plastics-thermoplastic materials – determination of Vicat softening temperature (VST)

EN ISO 527-4, Determination of tensile properties — Part 4: Test conditions for isotropic and orthotropic fibre-
reinforced plastic composites.

EN ISO 660-2:1999, Resilient floor coverings – determination of wear resistance — Part 2: Frick - Taber test.

EN ISO 1461:1999, Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles – Specifications and test
methods (ISO 1461:1999).

EN ISO 1873-1, Plastics - Polypropylene (PP) moulding and extrusion materials — Part 1: Designation
system and basis for specifications (ISO 1873-1:1995).

EN ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country
codes (ISO 3166-1:1997);

EN ISO 6603-1:2000, Plastics – determination of puncture impact resistance of rigid plastics — Part1: Non-
instrumented impact testing.

EN ISO 9001, Quality management systems - Requirements (ISO 9001:2000).

EN ISO 14125; Fibre-reinforced plastic composites — Determination of flexural properties (ISO 14125:1998):

ISO 2883, Rubber, vulcanized; Antistatic and conductive products for industrial use; Electrical resistance
limits.

ISO 4892:1981, Plastics – Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources.

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply:

3.1
gully
assembly to receive surface water for discharge into a drainage system

3.2
manhole
a chamber or access shaft to underground systems

3.3
gully top
that part of a gully, consisting of a frame and a grating with or without a cover

3.4
manhole top
that part of a manhole consisting of a frame and a cover and/or a grating

3.5
frame
the part of a gully top or manhole top which receives and supports a grating and/or a cover.

3.6
frame depth
distance between the top surface and the bottom surface of the frame

3.7
grating
the movable part(s) of a manhole top or a gully top which permit(s) the passage of water through itself to the
gully.

3.9
cover
the movable part(s) of a manhole top or a gully top which cover(s) the manhole or gully opening.

3.10
element
either a frame or a cover or a grating

NOTE Hinges, locking devices and other accessories are not elements.

3.11
vent
an opening in the cover of a manhole top to provide ventilation

3.12
dirt bucket
a removable component of a gully or a gully top which collects debris.

3.13
dirt pan
a removable component of a manhole or manhole top which collects debris.

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3.14
seating
the surface on which the grating or the cover rests in the frame.

3.15
depth of insertion (A)
the dimension A as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2

NOTE The depth of insertion is expressed in millimetres (mm). The height of any raised patterning may be included
provided it contributes to the stability of the cover/grating within the frame.

Figure 1 — Example 1
Figure 2 — Example 2

3.16
total clearance
a
the sum of the maximum individual clearances between adjacent elements of the frame and grating/cover as
shown in Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure 5

NOTE The total clearance is expressed in millimetres (mm).

a = al + ar a = al + ac1 + ac2 + ar a = a1 + ac + ar

Key

al clearance left

ac clearance centre

ar clearance right Figure 3 — Example 1 Figure 4 — Example 2 Figure 5 — Example 3

3.17
bearing area
the surface of the underside of a frame which rests upon the supporting structure

NOTE The bearing area is expressed in square millimetres (mm2).

3.18
clear opening
CO
the diameter of the largest circle that can be inscribed in the clear area (3.19) of the frame, as shown in
Figure 6 to Figure 11

NOTE The clear opening is expressed in millimetres (mm)

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Figure 6 — Example 1 Figure 7 — Example 2 Figure 8 — Example 3

1 fixed bars

Figure 9 — Example 4 Figure 10 — Example 5 Figure 11 — Example 6

3.19
clear area
the unobstructed area between the seatings which are shown as the shaded area in Figure 12 to Figure 14.

NOTE The clear area is expressed in square metres (m2 ).

Figure 12 — Example 1 Figure 13 — Example 2 Figure 14 — Example 3

3.20
mass per unit area
total mass of the cover or the grating in kg divided by the clear area in m².

NOTE The mass per unit area is expressed in kg/m2 .

3.21
cushioning insert
accessory provided within a frame, grating or cover to achieve stability and quietness in use

3.22
test load
FT
load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for determination of the load bearing capacity

NOTE The test load is expressed in Kilonewtons (kN).

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3.23
permanent set load
FP
load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for determination of the permanent set (FP = 0,67 FT)

3.24
deflection load
FD
load applied to gully tops or manhole tops for determination of the deflection under load (FD = 0,33 FT)

3.25
pedestrian areas
area reserved for pedestrians and only occasionally open to vehicular traffic for delivery, cleaning purposes or
in emergency

3.26
pedestrian streets
area where vehicular traffic is prohibited during certain periods (e.g. pedestrian areas during business hours
and vehicular traffic outside these hours)

3.27
fabricate
to manufactured product by cold forming or welding together component parts made from metal plate, strip, or
bar, or rolled or extruded metal sections (see Annex C)

3.28
fettle
to remove from a product, by grinding or other means, all sharp edges, sharp points and extraneous material
e.g. weld splatter

3.29
composite
a material containing a structure of long continuous fibres, encapsulated within a thermoset matrix resin
moulded as a single monolithic structure (see Annex E)

3.30
reprocessed polypropylene
Polypropylene prepared from scrap industrial plastic by someone other than the original processor

3.31
recycled polypropylene
Polypropylene prepared from discarded articles that have been cleaned and ground

3.32
reworked polypropylene
Polypropylene prepared from trimming or rejected mouldings, that has been reprocessed in a fabricators plant
having been previously processed in that plant

3.33
virgin polypropylene
Polypropylene material in the form of pellets, granules, powder, floc etc. that has not been subjected to use or
processing other than that required for its initial manufacture

3.34
reformulated polypropylene
recycled/reprocessed polypropylene that has been reformulated, by the use of additives and processing
techniques, to meet an agreed specification. Typically the additives used would be plasticizers, UV stabilizers,

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pigments, etc. The reformulated material taking the form of homogeneous pellets, granules, powder, floc etc.
with the produced batch having consistent physical properties.

NOTE This definition is generally referred to as recycled and the manufacturers literature may use this more general
term

4 Classification
When they conform to the design requirements according to clause 7 and the performance requirements
according to clause 8, gully tops and manhole tops shall be classified into one of the following classes:

A 15, B 125, C 250, D 400, E 600 and F 900.

5 Place of installation
This clause gives guidance on the place of installation for different classes of manhole tops or gully tops.

The appropriate class of manhole top or gully top to be used depends upon the place of installation. The
various places of installation have been divided into Groups numbered 1 to 6, as listed below. Figure 15 and
Figure 16 show the location of some of these Groups in a highway environment. The minimum class
recommended for use in each Group is shown in brackets. The selection of the appropriate class is the
responsibility of the designer. Where there is any doubt, the stronger class should be selected.

 Group 1 (at least class A 15): Areas which can only be used by pedestrians and pedal cyclists.

 Group 2 (at least class B 125): Footways, pedestrian areas and comparable areas, car parks or car
parking decks.

 Group 3 (at least class C 250): For gully tops, installed in the area of kerbside channels of roads
(Figure 15) which when measured from the kerb edge, extends a maximum of 0,5 m into the carriageway
and a maximum of 0,2 m into the footway.

 Group 4 (at least class D 400): Carriageways of roads (including pedestrian streets), hard shoulders
(Figure 16) and parking areas, for all types of road vehicles.

 Group 5 (at least class E 600): Areas imposing high wheel loads, e.g. docks, aircraft pavements.

 Group 6 (at least class F 900): Areas imposing particularly high wheel loads, e.g. aircraft pavements.

It is recommended that gully tops and manhole tops made of plastic and composite materials should only be
used in Group 1 and Group 2 due to the lack of sufficient experience in long term service.

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Key

1 Group 1

2 Group 2

3 Group 3

4 Group 4

Figure 15 — Typical highway cross-section showing the location of the Groups

Key

1 Group 1

2 Carriage way

3 Hard shoulder

4 Group 4

Figure 16 — Typical detail of a hard shoulder showing the location of the Groups

6 Materials

6.1 General

Manhole and gully tops conforming to this European Standard shall at least be suitable for use in normal
conditions for domestic sewage and treated industrial effluent, and for most natural soils and ground water
(i.e. humid conditions as defined in EN 206-1:2000 as class XC3 and a slightly aggressive chemical
environment as defined in EN 206-1:2000 as class XA1). If more severe conditions are expected, additional
requirements for corrosion protection may be necessary.

6.2 Manhole tops and gully tops

Manhole tops and gully tops with the exception of gratings shall be made from either

a) flake graphite cast iron according to EN 1561;

b) spheroidal graphite cast iron according to EN 1563;

c) mild steel, stainless steel, aluminium according to Annex C;

d) one of the materials a) to c) combined with concrete;

e) steel reinforced concrete according to Annex D;

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f) Composite according to Annex E;

g) Polypropylene (PP) according to Annex F.

and shall conform to the requirements specified in Annex C to Annex F depending on the material used for
manufacture.

With the exception of d), e) and f), elements shall be made from a single material.

6.3 Gratings

Gratings shall be made from either:

a) flake graphite cast iron according to EN 1561;

b) spheroidal graphite cast iron according to EN 1563;

c) mild steel, stainless steel, aluminium according to Annex C.

6.4 Coating materials

Manhole tops and gully tops made of materials complying with 6.2 or 6.3 may be supplied uncoated or coated.
Coating materials shall comply with the environmental and/or toxicological regulations at the place of use.

NOTE In general coatings are for aesthetic purposes only and are not regarded as corrosion protection system. The
specifier may require a more durable coating if appropriate.

6.5 Cover fillings

Cover fillings may consist of concrete or other filling materials appropriate to the place of installation. If covers
are filled with concrete, a minimum strength of C20/25 for class A15 and C 35/45 for Classes B 125 to F 900
according to EN 206-1:2000 shall be required.

7 Design requirements

7.1 General

Gully tops and manhole tops shall be free of defects which might impair their fitness for use.

When metal is used in combination with concrete or any other material, there shall be adequate bond between
the two materials.

7.2 Vents in covers for manhole tops

Covers may be designed with or without vents. For covers with vents the minimum vent area shall conform to
Table 1 and their dimensions shall conform to Table 2.

For manhole tops with vents, dirt pans may be required.

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Table 1 – Minimum vent area

Clear opening Minimum vent area


≤ 600 mm 5 % of the area of a circle having a diameter equal to the clear opening
> 600 mm 140 cm2

Table 2 — Dimensions of vents in covers for manhole tops

Class Dimensions of slots Diameters of holes


mm mm
— Length: ≤ 170 —
A 15 and B 125 Width: 18 to 25 18 to 38
C 250 to F 900 Width: 18 to 32 30 to 38

NOTE The purchaser or specifying authority should state on the enquiry or on the order to the manufacturer, if
manhole tops are required to have vents and if dirt pans are required.

7.3 Clear opening of manhole tops for man entry

The opening of manhole tops designed for man entry shall comply with the safety requirements in force at the
place of use.

NOTE In some countries this is considered to be at least 600 mm clear opening. In other countries larger openings
are required .

7.4 Depth of insertion

Gully tops and manhole tops of classes D 400, E 600 and F 900 shall have a depth of insertion A (see
definition 3.15) of at least 50 mm.

This requirement does not apply if the covers or gratings are made secure in their position against
displacement by traffic by a locking device but such devices are not included in this standard.

NOTE It is intended that the requirements of this clause will be satisfied by a test method, which is currently under
development.

7.5 Clearance

7.5.1 Total clearance

The clearance between the different parts of gully tops and manhole tops is defined in clause 3.16. The
dimension b shall be equal to or less than dimension al (see 3.15, Figure 2). This clearance may lead to
horizontal displacement of the cover or grating in its frame. In order to limit this displacement, the total
clearance a shall conform to the following requirements:

a) for covers or gratings in one or two parts;

 clear opening ≤ 400 mm: a ≤ 7 mm

 clear opening > 400 mm: a ≤ 9 mm

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b) for covers or gratings with three or more parts, the total clearance a resulting from the displacement of all
parts shall not exceed 15 mm, with each individual clearance limited to a maximum of 5 mm.

7.5.2 Clearance around hinges

Where hinged covers or gratings have a radial profiled edge on the hinged side, it shall be profiled so that the
gauge of 170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm, detailed in Figure 17 is prevented from entering the gap between the
adjacent frame and the curved edge of the cover or grating by more than 13 mm of its 60 mm edge. For this
the gauge shall be held vertical with its 60 mm edge parallel to the profiled edge.

Dimensions in mm

Key

1 Frame

2 Gauge

3 Cover or grating

Figure 17 — Gauge

Where hinged covers or gratings, with two hinges on the same side, have a radial profiled edge on the hinged
side, this edge shall be profiled so that the gauge of 170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm is prevented from entering the
gap between the adjacent frame and the profiled edge of the cover or grating at the hinges and in the area
between the hinges by more than 13 mm of its 170 mm edge.

7.6 Seatings

The manufacture of gully tops and manhole tops shall be such as to ensure the compatibility of their seatings.
For classes D 400 to F 900 these seatings shall be manufactured in such a way as to ensure stability and
quietness in use. This may be achieved by machining of the contact surfaces, use of cushioning inserts, three-
point suspension design or any other appropriate methods.

NOTE It is intended that the requirements of this clause will be satisfied by a test method, which is currently under
development.

7.7 Securing of the cover/grating within the frame

The cover/grating shall be secure within its frame to meet the required traffic conditions relevant to the place
of installation defined in clause 5.

This may be achieved by one of the following arrangements:

a) a locking device

b) a sufficient mass per unit area;

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c) a specific design feature.

These arrangements shall be designed so as to allow opening of the covers or gratings by means of usual
tools.

NOTE 1 Constructional types which are usual in the different countries remain valid until harmonization of the
arrangements mentioned in a) to c).

NOTE 2 It is intended that the requirements of this clause will be satisfied by a test method, which is currently under
development.

7.8 Handling of covers and gratings

Provision shall be made for the effective loosening and for the opening of the covers and gratings. Where
required by safety provisions in the place of use additional lifting features and/or devices shall be incorporated
in the design of manhole tops and/or gully tops.

7.9 Slot dimensions of gratings

The dimensions of slots in gratings shall be selected having regard to the hydraulic capacity and the slots
shall be evenly distributed over the clear area. The water way area shall not be less than 30 % of the clear
area and shall be given in the manufacturer's catalogue.

The slots of gratings for classes A 15 to F 900 shall have the dimensions stated in Table 3.

The dimensions of slots for classes C 250 to F 900 shall be dependent on the orientation of the longitudinal
axis of the slots in relation to the direction of traffic, in accordance with Table 3 and Figure 18.

Key

1 Orientation Nr 1

2 Orientation Nr 2

3 Direction of traffic

Figure 18 — Orientation of slots in gratings

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

Table 3 – Slot dimensions

Openings Class Width Length


mm mm
Orientation Nr 1 and Nr 2 Straight slots A 15 and B 125 8 to 18 No limitation
according to
Figure 18 > 18 to 25 ≤ 170
Nr 1 C 250 to F 900 16 to 32 ≤ 170
Nr 2 C 250 16 to 42 No limitation
D 400 to F 900 20 to 42 No limitation
Curved slots A 15 and B 125 8 to 18 a

> 18 to 25
C 250 to F 900 16 to 42
NOTE In pedestrian areas/streets, the slot may be reduced to 5 mm at the specifier's discretion
a Shall be designed in such a way as to prevent the 170 mm length of the 170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm gauge from entering the slot.
The gauge shall be held vertical with its 170 mm edge parallel to the surface of the grating.

The slot adjacent immediately to the hinged side of the grating associated with the opening of the grating is
exempted from the requirements of this table (see 7.5.2).

7.10 Dirt pans and dirt buckets

Where dirt pans or dirt buckets are used it shall be ensured that drainage and ventilation can continue with the
dirt pan or bucket filled.

7.11 Positioning of covers and gratings

Where the cover or grating has to be in a predetermined position relative to the frame, this is to be ensured by
an appropriate design.

7.12 Flatness of covers and gratings

The upper surface of gratings and covers of classes D 400 to F 900 shall be flat within a tolerance of 1 % of
the clear opening with a maximum of 6 mm. Any grating outside this tolerance is defined as a concave grating.

NOTE Where covers are delivered unfilled, it is preferred that the upper surface is filled according to manufacturers
instruction within a tolerance of 1 % of the clear opening with a maximum of 6 mm.

7.13 Concave gratings

Any grating outside the tolerance of 7.12 is defined as a concave grating. The places of installation of such
gratings should be limited to

 Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3,

 Group 4 only parking areas as described in clause 5.

It is not recommended that such gratings are used in road carriageways.

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7.14 Surface condition

The upper surface manhole tops shall be skid resistant. This can be achieved by:

a) the use of materials where the skid resistance was demonstrated by long term experiences in the use
(e.g. concrete according to 6.5 and cast iron)

b) a defined raised pattern which shall have a height of 2 mm to 6 mm for classes A 15, B 125, C 250 and
for classes D 400, E 600 and F 900 a height of 3 mm to 8 mm. The surface area of such raised pattern
shall not be less than 10% and not more than 70% of the total upper surface area.

c) A test according to Annex J for products not fulfilling the requirements of a) and b).

NOTE 1 Where the manufacturer wishes to declare the skid/slip resistance value (e.g. where subject to regulatory
requirements) the test shall be performed in accordance with Annex J.

NOTE 2 To find the reference/deemed to satisfy level for the equivalence of skid resistance performance of c) versus
a) and b) investigations will be made by using the test method according to Annex J .

7.15 Sealed manhole tops

Manhole tops may be sealed against

 the escape of odours through the manhole top or

 surface water ingress (rain water) or

 upward water pressure (surcharge). In such cases additional provisions shall be made in the frame to
enable it to be securely anchored.

NOTE The extent and design of the sealed cover is not included in this standard.

7.16 Frame bearing area

The bearing area shall be designed in such a way that the bearing pressure in relation to the test load shall
not exceed 7,5 N/mm2; and it provides an adequate contribution to stability under working conditions.

7.17 Frame depth

The depth of the frame of manhole or gully tops of class D 400, E 600 and F 900 shall be at least 100 mm,
except the frame depth for class D 400 which may be reduced to 75 mm, provided that:

 frames consisting of one part and frames consisting of separate bars and end bars made of cast iron or
steel shall have a continuous depth of minimum 75 mm. Frames, with depths from 75 mm to 99 mm, shall
have provisions (e.g. holes, slotted flanges etc.) to permit the anchorage in the place of use. They shall
be designed to ensure the compatibility of covers or gratings and their seatings as specified in 7.6.

 frames consisting of two materials (e.g iron and concrete, steel and concrete) in which the metallic part
does not have a continuous depth of 75 mm, and where the metallic part is embedded in concrete in
concrete factories, the depth of the metallic part of such frames shall be designed with anchoring
supports with a minimum depth of 60 mm. Such frames shall be set into a concrete ring with a minimum
strength of C35/45 and the combined overall final frame depth shall not be less than 130 mm.

7.18 Opening angle of hinged covers/gratings

The opening angle of hinged covers or gratings shall be at least 100° to the horizontal unless additional stays
are provided.

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7.19 Filled covers

If covers are supplied infilled by the manufacturer, the filling shall conform to clause 6.5.

NOTE: Where covers are delivered unfilled, it is preferred that the filling material is concrete, however other filling
materials appropriate to the place of installation may be used. In all cases the designer should consider the durability of
the filling. If covers are filled with concrete outside factory production control it is recommended that a minimum strength of
C 20/25 for class A15 and C 40/50 for Classes B 125 to F 900 is used.

7.20 Child safety

Where required by specific provisions in the place of use child safety features and/or devices shall be
incorporated in the design of manhole tops and/or gully tops.

8 Performance Requirements

8.1 Load bearing capacity

When tested according to 9.3 gully tops and manhole tops with a clear opening (CO) equal to or greater than
250 mm shall withstand the test load according to Table 4 for each class independent of the material. Where
the clear opening (CO) is less than 250 mm, the test load shall be as shown in Table 4, multiplied by CO/250
but not less than 0,6 times of the test load according to Table 4.

In the case of steel reinforced concrete covers there shall be no loss of adhesion between the concrete and
the reinforcing steel. Units made of materials according to 6.2 and 6.3 shall not show cracks or delaminations,
in the course of the test.

Table 4 – Test loads

Class A 15 B 125 C 250 D 400 E 600 F 900


FT in kN 15 125 250 400 600 900

8.2 Permanent set

When tested according to 9.2, the permanent set of the cover or grating after the application of 0,67 of the test
load FT shall not exceed the values given in Table 5.

Units made of materials according to 6.2 and 6.3, except steel reinforced concrete (see D.2.3.4), shall not
show cracks or delaminations, in the course of the test. In the case of steel reinforced concrete covers there
shall be no loss of adhesion between the concrete and the reinforcing steel.

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Table 5 – Permissible permanent set

Class Permissible permanent set


A 15 and B 125 CO a
100
C 250 up to F 900 CO CO c
b
300 500
When secured according to When secured according to
7.7 a) or 7.7 c) 7.7 b)
a CO/50 for CO < 450 mm with a maximum of 6,5 mm
b 1 mm max. when CO < 300 mm
c 1 mm max. when CO < 500 mm

9 Testing

9.1 General

Gully tops and manhole tops shall be tested as complete units in their condition of service except for recessed
covers delivered unfilled, which shall be load tested without filling. All products shall be visually inspected for
defects other than those which would not impair a product's fitness for use.

Where there is no detailed test method for the verification of any requirement in this standard, the
nd
manufacturer shall state in his documents how such verification is achieved (see 7.1, 2 sentence)

9.2 Permanent set (see 8.2)

The permanent set of the cover or grating shall be determined according to Annex G after the application of
FP = 0,67 FT without pre-loading according to 8.2. The permanent set shall be measured to an accuracy of
0,1 mm.

9.3 Load bearing capacity (see 8.1)

Immediately after the test according to 9.2 all gully tops and manhole tops shall be submitted to the load
bearing capacity test according to Annex H under the test loads FT according to 8.1.

9.4 Dimensions

9.4.1 Vents (see 7.2)

Vent slots and holes shall be measured to an accuracy of 1 mm. The vent area shall be calculated to the
nearest 100 mm2 .

9.4.2 Clear opening (see 7.3)

The dimensions of the clear opening (circular, rectangular or triangular) shall be measured to the nearest
1 mm.

9.4.3 Depth of insertion (see 7.4)

For classes D 400 to F 900 the depth of insertion (A) shall be measured to the nearest 1 mm.

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9.4.4 Clearance (see 7.5)

The clearances between covers or gratings and frames shall be measured to an accuracy of 0,5 mm and the
total clearance (a) shall be calculated. The clearance around a hinge shall be controlled by taking a gauge of
170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm.

9.4.5 Seatings (see 7.6)

The compatibility of the seatings to ensure stability of the cover or grating within its frame shall be inspected to
the specification of the manufacturer.

9.4.6 Securing of the cover and/or grating within its frame (see 7.7)

If securing is achieved by mass per unit area (see 7.7b)) the cover and/or grating shall be weighed to an
accuracy of 1 % and the clear area calculated to an accuracy of 100 mm2 and determined according to
Annex K, if applicable.

If securing is achieved by a locking device or a specific design feature (see 7.7a) or 7.7c)) the relevant
arrangements shall be visually inspected, and determined according to Annex K, if applicable.

9.4.7 Slot dimensions (see 7.9)

The even distribution of the slots over the clear area shall be visually inspected. The waterway surface area
shall be calculated to the nearest 100 mm2.

The dimensions of straight slots shall be measured to the nearest 1 mm. The dimensions of slots other than
straight shall be controlled by a gauge of 170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm with its 170 mm length.

9.4.8 Dirt buckets, dirt pans (see 7.10)

The dirt bucket/pan shall be visually inspected to ensure that both drainage and ventilation is still possible.

9.4.9 Positioning (see 7.11)

The appropriate design feature that ensures a particular orientation of the cover or grating in the frame shall
be examined for fitness for purpose.

9.4.10 Surface condition (see 7.14)

The flatness (see 7.12) shall be measured to an accuracy of 0,5 mm.

The skid resistance of the upper surface shall be tested as follows:

a) in case of use of material where the skid resistance was demonstrated by long term experiences in use,
as specified in 7.14 a), it shall be proved that the material conforms to the provisions according to 6.5 for
the relevant material.

b) in case of a defined raised pattern as specified in 7.14 b) the height of the raised pattern shall be
measured to an accuracy of 0,5 mm. The total raised area of the cover and frame shall be determined
either by reference to the drawing and subsequently controlled by visual inspection, or by measuring the
dimensions of the upper surface of the raised pattern to an accuracy of 1 mm. The percentage ratio of the
raised surface to the total area shall be calculated.

c) in case of products not conforming to 7.14 a) and 7.14 b), the surface condition shall be measured
according to Annex J.

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NOTE To find the reference/deemed to satisfy level for the equivalence of skid resistance performance of c) versus
a) and b) investigations will be made by using the test method according to Annex J .

9.4.11 Handling of covers and gratings (see 7.8)

The loosening and opening facilities of covers and gratings shall be tested physically.

9.4.12 Frame depth (see 7.17)

The depth of the complete frame shall be measured to the nearest 1 mm.

9.4.13 Opening angle (see 7.18)

The opening angle shall be measured to an accuracy of 5°. When a hinged cover or grating has a radially
profiled edge the profile shall be controlled by a gauge of 170 mm x 60 mm x 16 mm and the depth of entry
shall be measured up to the nearest 1 mm.

10 Marking
Gratings and covers and frames shall be marked as follows:

a) the number of this standard, EN 124 (only if all the requirements of this standard are met);

b) the appropriate class (e.g. D 400);

c) the name and/or identification mark of the manufacturer, and the factory of manufacture which may be in
code;

d) Country of manufacture which can be coded according to EN ISO 3166-1

e) week and year of manufacture (coded or not coded);

f) for manhole covers made of concrete marking relating to the grade of weathering resistance (N or W and,
if relevant, +R), if applicable;

and may be marked with:

g) additional markings relating to the intended application of the user;

h) the mark of a certification body, when applicable (see Annex B);

i) product identification (name and/or catalogue number);

j) weights in kilograms.

NOTE Where the marking requirements of ZA.3 require the same information as this clause, the requirements of this
clause are met.

All markings of covers, gratings and frames shall be clear, permanent and an integral part of it. The marking
shall not be applied by riveting, bolting, chemical adhesives or weldings. Markings shall, where possible, be
visible on the upperside (visible from the trafficked area) after the unit is installed. If this is not possible they
may be placed on the underside of the cover.

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11 Evaluation of conformity

11.1 General

The compliance of gully tops and manhole tops with the requirements of this standard and with the stated
values (including classes) shall be demonstrated by:

 initial type testing,

 factory production control, including product assessment.

Where third party product certification is required (see Annex ZA), this shall be in accordance with Annex B.

NOTE The assignment of tasks for the evaluation of conformity for products sold in the EEA is given in Table ZA.3.

11.2 Type testing

11.2.1 Initial type testing

Initial type testing shall be performed to show conformity with this standard. Tests previously performed in
accordance with the provisions of this standard (same product, same characteristic(s), test method, sampling
procedure, system of attestation of conformity, etc.) may be taken into account. In addition, initial type testing
shall be performed at the beginning of the production of a new type of gully top and manhole top or at the
beginning of a new method of production where this may affect the stated characteristics.

Products CE marked in accordance with Annex ZA may be presumed to have the stated performance,
although this does not replace the responsibility of the user to ensure that the gully top or the manhole top is
correctly installed and its component products (frame and top) have the necessary performance values.

All characteristics in clause 6, 7, 8 and clause 10 shall be subject to initial type testing.

Whenever a change occurs in the design, the raw material or supplier of the components, or the production
process (subject to the definition of a family), which would change significantly one or more of the
characteristics, the type tests shall be repeated for the appropriate characteristic(s).

11.2.2 Sampling,

Three test specimens of each product representative of normal production shall be chosen at random and
shall be tested, to prove that they meet the appropriate requirements, before production commences. Each
specimen shall comply with all the requirements of clauses 6, 7, 8 and clause10.

The results of all type tests shall be recorded and held by the manufacturer for at least 5 years.

11.3 Factory production control (FPC)

11.3.1 General

The manufacturer shall establish, document and maintain an FPC system to ensure that the products placed
on the market conform with the stated performance characteristics. The FPC system shall consist of
procedures, regular inspections and tests and/or assessments and the use of the results to control raw and
other incoming materials or components, equipment, the production process and the product.

An FPC system complying with EN ISO 9001, and made specific to the requirements of this standard, is
deemed to satisfy the above requirements.

The results of inspections, tests or assessments requiring action shall be recorded, as shall any action taken.
The action to be taken when control values or criteria are not met shall be recorded.

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The factory production control shall at least cover the main specific items listed in Annex A and for this purpose
the manufacturer shall have:

 a documented structure with an appointed management representative,

 skilled personnel,

 all the required control and testing equipment and facilities.

Furthermore the manufacturer shall establish and maintain a quality plan in which process and final
inspections and testing are listed. The quality plans shall contain the method and frequency of inspection and
the documentation required.

Production control operations and documentation shall include details of all stages of production from the arrival
of the raw materials through to the final product leaving the factory. Documentation shall be retained so that it is
available e.g. for inspection by a third party inspector (if applicable) for 1 to 5 years as shown in Tables A.1 to
A.8.

Finally the manufacturer shall establish and maintain written procedures for:

 document control;

 control of non-conforming products, storage, packaging, handling and marking;

 dealing with complaints from customers;

 calibration and control of measuring and testing equipment.

NOTE Where the information in ZA.2.2 contains the information required by this sub-clause, the requirements of this
sub-clause are met.

11.3.2 Equipment

All weighing, measuring and testing equipment shall be calibrated and regularly inspected according to
documented procedures, frequencies and criteria.

11.3.3 Raw materials and components

The specifications of all incoming raw materials and components shall be documented, as shall the inspection
scheme for ensuring their conformity.

11.3.4 Design process

The factory production control system shall document the various stages in the design of products, identify the
checking procedure and those individuals responsible for all stages of design.

During the design process itself, a record shall be kept of all checks, their results, and any corrective actions
taken. This record shall be sufficiently detailed and accurate to demonstrate that all stages of the design
phase, and all checks, have been carried out satisfactorily.

11.3.5 Product testing and evaluation

The manufacturer shall establish procedures to ensure that the stated values of all of the characteristics are
maintained. The characteristics, and the means of control, are given in Annex A.

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11.3.6 Non conforming products

All non-conforming products shall be segregated and excluded from delivery, and instructions shall be given for
further handling/administration (storage, marking).

If during the factory production control carried out by the manufacturer non-conforming products are detected the
manufacturer shall investigate the cause of the defect and take appropriate corrective actions e. g. stop the
production related to the failure(s) and/or quarantine the defective product.

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Annex A
(normative)

Model procedure of factory production control

Table A.1 — Receiving inspection and testing for Flake graphite cast iron (see 6.2 a) and 6.3. a)
Spheroidal cast iron (see 6.2 b) and 6.3 b))

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of Document retention


inspection period
— Raw material storage area visually every delivery —
— Iron ore Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
— Pig iron Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
— Scrap iron/steel Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
(from third party)
— Scrap returns internal quality every delivery 1 year
(manufacturer) control
Additives refer to the order every delivery 1 year
Energy for melting:
— Electricity — — —
— Gas Supplier's Certificate a regularly/when changed 1 year
— Coke Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
— Sand for moulds/ cores Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
and sieve analysis
— Cushioning inserts Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
— Elastomer for cushioning Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
inserts
— Sealing material Supplier's Certificate a every delivery 1 year
a Supplier's Certificate:
— deliveries from suppliers having a certified quality assurance system shall be subject to random control;
— deliveries from suppliers having no certified quality assurance system shall be subject to a systematic control for each delivery.

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Table A.2 — Process control for Flake graphite cast iron (see 6.2 a) and 6.3 a)); Spheroidal cast iron
(see 6.2b) and 6.3 b))

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of Document retention period


inspection
Moulding sand laboratory once per shift 1 year
characteristics
Ductile iron additives weigh/measure each treatment ladle 1 year
Temperature of melt in visually/pyrometer regularly 1 year
the casting ladle/furnace
Composition of
metal/analysis
— casting ladle laboratory each treatment or 5 years
each furnace or
each ladle
— continuous casting laboratory once/3 tonnes 5 years
Mould control visually regularly —
Casting operation visually regularly —
Standing time of each visually each cast —
pouring ladle
Mechanical properties
— tensile strength 6.2 6.2 5 years
— elongation % 6.2 6.2 5 years
— nodularity 6.2 6.2 5 years
— other materials 6.2 as per material 5 years
specifications

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Table A.3 — Final inspection and testing of products (all materials according to clause 6)

Clause Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of Document


No inspection retention period
7.1 General visually every unit —
— free of defects
7.2 Vents measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
7.2 Clear opening measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
7.4 Depth of insertion and measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
clearance a2 ≤ a1
7.5 Clearance measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
7.6 Seating
— compatibility, stability try/measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
— cushioning insertsb measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
C.2.3.3 Edge protectionb measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
thickness
7.7 Securing of grating or
cover within the frame
laboratory type testing 5 years
a) locking device
Weigh regularly 5 years
b) mass
c) design feature visual/measureb type testing 5 years

7.9 Dimensions of inlet


openings - size, orientation measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
7.10 Dirt bucketb
— ensure drainage and visually type testing —
ventilation
7.11 Correct positioning of type testing
gratings/covers visually —
- design feature
a
7.13 Surface condition measure 1:5 000 min 5 years
— flatness
— height of pattern
7.14 frame bearing area measure type testing 5 years
7.15 Frame depth measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
7.16 Opening angle of hinged measure 1:5 000 mina 5 years
gratings/covers
8 Marking visually every unit —
4 Classification loading test (see 9.1) 1:5 000 mina 5 years
or routine loading test
(see 9.6)b
a Once per 5 000 produced parts, at least once every two months (one month = 20 sequential days of production)
b If applicable.

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Table A.4 — Mild steel (see clause 6)

Aspect of inspection Method of Frequency of inspection Document


inspection retention period
Receiving inspection and testing see Table A.1
of materials and consumables
Process control see Table A.2
Final inspection and testing see Table A.3
of products
— Welding of rolled steelb
— Corrosion protection 6.2, measure Once/hour or Supplier's
Certificate a 1 year
Inspection, measuring and testing Table A.6
equipment
Handling, storage, packaging and Table A.6
delivery
Table A.6
Control of non-conforming product
a See Table A.1.
b In the absence of a European Standard standards applicable in the country of use apply. If the country of the user has no
national standard for the welding of rolled steel, the national standard of the manufacturer's country is applicable.

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Table A.5 — Steel reinforced concrete (see clause 6)

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of inspection Document


retention
period

Receiving inspection :
cements and other cementitious Supplier’s Certificate or compliance with Every 1000 tonnes with a
materials specified requirements for strength and minimum of twice per month
setting time
aggregates Supplier’s Certificate or visual inspection Every delivery
st
Sieve analysis test a) 1 delivery from new
source
b) In case of doubt following
visual inspection
c) Once per week 1 year
st
Test for organic impurities or shell a) 1 delivery from new
content source
b) In case of doubt following
visual inspection
admixtures Supplier’s Certificate or visual inspection Every delivery
additions Supplier’s Certificate or visual inspection Every delivery
pigments Supplier’s Certificate or visual inspection Every delivery
steel reinforcement bars Supplier’s Certificate or visual inspection Every delivery
Water :
public distribution system Visual inspection Regularly
st
open water course or borehole The strength of concrete or mortar cubes a) 1 use of new source 1 year
made with such water shall be a
b) Three times per year
minimum of 90% of that strength made
with deionised water
a
Process control : 1:1000 units
Mixers Visual inspection Weekly
Moulds Visual inspection Daily
Filling Visual inspection Daily
Water absorption A.1.2.6 Once per month and concrete 5 years
family/process

b
Freeze/thaw resistance (only for A.1.3.5 Once per year and concrete
c
products “grade +R”) family/process
load bearing capacity Chapter 9 of present standard 1:5000 min , but at least once
every 2 month.
a
Once per 1000 produced units, at least once every week (1 week = 5 production days, 1 month = 4 weeks)
b
When products are classified grade +R on the evidence of previous tests, they may be submitted to water absorption test with a mean
value < 5% and with no individual result > 6% (in place of the initial type testing of freeze/thaw resistance)
c
If for a concrete family, the result of a type test is lower than 50% of the required value, the test frequency as given in the present table
may be reduced to once per two years, for as long as this condition is fulfilled. When this concrete family is also submitted to a water
absorption test with a mean value < 5% and with no individual result > 6% then the test frequency as given in the present table may be
halved.

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Table A.6 — Stainless steel and Aluminium (see clause 6.2 c) and 6.3 d))

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of inspection Document


retention period

Receiving inspection:
— stainless steel Supplier's Certificatea every delivery 1 year
— Aluminium Supplier's Certificatea every delivery 1 year
Process control Table A.2 Table A.2 Table A.2
Product control Table A.3 Table A.3 Table A.3
a See Table A.1.

Table A.7 — Composite (see clause 6.2 f))

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of inspection Document


retention
period
Receiving inspection:
resin Supplier's Certificatea every delivery 1 year
styrene every delivery 1 year
Supplier's Certificatea
accelerator every delivery 1 year
Supplier's Certificatea
hardener every delivery 1 year
Supplier's Certificatea
additions (fillers)
Supplier's Certificatea and sieve every delivery 1 year
pigments analysis, moisture content every delivery 1 year
Supplier Certificate a
and visual
Process control:
material testing 11.3 3 test samples per 5 years
processing machine
every two weeks of
manufacture
mould control visually —
regularly
filling visually —
compressing visually 1 per 1 000 partsb —
final moulding visually 1 per 1 000 partsb —
preparation of moulds visually 1 per 1 000 partsb —
Final inspection and
1 per 1 000 partsb
testing of products Table A.3
a See Table A.1.
b Once per 1000 products, but at least once every two months.

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Table A.8 — Polypropylene (PP) (see 6.2 g))


Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of inspection Document
retention period

Conformance to master Raw material batch every delivery 5 years


specification delivery

UV weathering (see F.3.3) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years


master specification specification.

Abrasion resistance (see F.3.9) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification.

Resistance to fuels (see F.3.7) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification.

Thermal stability (see F.3.4) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification/ type
approval

Creep resistance (see F.3.5) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification / type
approval

Low temp impact resistance (see Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
F.3.6) master specification specification / type
approval

Permanent set (see 8.2) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification / type
approval / min every 5000
products

Load test (see 8.1) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification / type
approval / min every 5000
products

Dimensions (see 7.5 and 7.9) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification / type
approval / min every 5000
products

Surface condition (see 7.14) Initial validation of each change in master 5 years
master specification specification / type
approval / min every 5000
products

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Table A.9 — Inspection, measuring and test equipment, handling, storage, packaging and delivery
control of non-conforming products

Aspect of inspection Method of inspection Frequency of inspection Document


retention
period
Inspection, measuring and test
equipment:
 Tensile load testing certificatea once a year 5 years
machine
certificatea once a year 5 years
 Compression load testing
machine
certificateb in accordance with the 5 years
 Other measuring device, measuring
equipment equipment and
manufacturer's
recommendations

Handling, storage, packaging visually regularly —


and delivery

Control of non-conforming
products
according to manufacturer's — 5 years
 Segregation approved documents

 Rejection

 Reworking/retesting

a This shall be done by an authorised institute.


b May be carried out by the manufacturer, using calibrated gauges.

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Annex B
(normative)

Third party certification

B.1 Certification by an approved certification body


The purpose of the certification by an approved certification body is:

 to ensure that the quality level of the product is continuously maintained according to the requirements of
Table ZA.1, and

 to give independent certification to the products.

B.2 Procedure of the third party control

B.2.1 Factories certified to EN ISO 9001

The procedure for third party control shall consist of:

 controlling the validity of the licence granted to the manufacturer for compliance of his Quality Assurance
System with EN ISO 9001;

 verifying that the results of the controls made by the manufacturer are in compliance with the
requirements of this standard;

 independent testing of the finished products.

The inspection of the third party shall be undertaken without previous announcement at least twice a year, at
regular intervals.

B.2.2 Factories not certified to EN ISO 9001

Factories not certified to EN ISO 9001 shall meet the requirements of Annex A. The inspection of the third
party control shall be undertaken without previous announcement, at least six times a year at regular intervals.

The procedure for inspection shall consist of:

 assessing the adequacy of the staff and equipment for continuous and orderly manufacture,

 verifying that type testing has been satisfactorily carried out in accordance with the requirements of this
standard (see 11.2),

 verifying that quality control is independent of production and

 verifying that all required FPC testing has been performed.

The inspection may be reduced to four times a year provided that the independent certification body is
satisfied that:

 the manufacturer's internal quality control system is adequate;

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

 the controls have been continuously carried out in a proper and effective way for three years and

 the results are in compliance with the requirements of Table ZA. 1.

This reduced frequency may remain valid for as long as no defective products are detected.

The third party shall ensure that the manufacturer's control and tests have been carried out in compliance with
this standard, and that the results obtained have also met its requirements (see Annex A).

The main aspects of third party verification are given in Table B.1.

Table B.1 – Third party control

Aspect of Method of Frequency of Documentation


inspection inspection inspection
Receiving inspection Tables A.1 and A.5 Every visit In writing
Process control Tables A.2, A.4 and A.5 Every visit In writing
Final inspection and testing of Table A.3 Every visit In writing
products
 manhole tops Clause 9 3 different complete In writing
types per visit
 gully tops Clause 9 3 different complete
types per visit
Inspection, measuring and test Table A.8 Every visit In writing
equipment

Handling, storage, packaging Table A.8 Every visit In writing


and delivery
Control of non-conforming Table A.8 Every visit In writing
products
Quality records Visual Every visit In writing

B.2.3 Report by the third party

The results of the third party control shall be given in a written report. The manufacturer shall sign this report.
If the manufacturer does not agree with this report, he will discuss it with the inspector. If no agreement can be
reached, the manufacturer will sign the report and state his reservations thereon.

This report shall also contain at least the following items:

 the name of the manufacturer;

 the name and location of the factory;

 date, location and the signature of the manufacturer;

 the quality inspector's signature.

It shall further contain:

a) for factories certified to EN ISO 9001, a statement regarding

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 the validity of the certificate covering the quality system, and

 conformity of these products.

b) for factories not certified to EN ISO 9001, a statement regarding the results of the inspection in terms of:

 staff;

 equipment;

 conformity of the products;

 internal quality control.

Within 3 weeks of the inspection, the official report shall be sent to the manufacturer by the independent third
party control body.

B.2.4 Non-conforming units

If, during the third party inspection, a unit fails, 3 more units of the same type shall be tested. If one of these 3
fails, the production related to the failure(s) shall be excluded from delivery, pending the outcome of further
inspection. Within a period of 4 weeks or within a period to be agreed, the manufacturer shall be reassessed
with respect to the non-conforming product, 6 of these products being tested. After the satisfactory testing of
these 6 complete units, delivery may recommence.

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Annex C
(normative)

Additional requirements for manhole tops and gully tops made of steel
and aluminium alloy

C.1 General
This Annex specifies requirements and test methods in addition to those in clause 6 to clause 10 for manhole
tops and gully tops fabricated from mild steel, stainless steel or aluminium, either alone or in combination with
each other or with concrete.

The use of mild steel, except for contact and edge protection according to C.1.3, is permissible only if sufficient
corrosion resistance can be ensured. This can be achieved by hot-dip galvanizing on a clean surface in
accordance with EN ISO 1461 (see also 6.1).

C.2 Materials
Manhole tops and gully tops complying with this annex shall be fabricated from the following materials:

 Mild steel according to EN 10130 or EN 10056

 Stainless steel according to EN 10088

 Aluminium alloys according to EN 1386

 Any of the above in combination with iron or concrete

C.2.1 Mild steel

Mild steel manhole tops and gully tops shall be resistant to corrosion. Prior to application of any surface
corrosion protection system, manhole tops and gully tops shall be fettled.

C.2.1.1 Hot Dip Galvanizing

Corrosion resistance may be achieved by hot dip galvanizing according to EN ISO 1461 (see also 6.1). All
sharp edges resulting from galvanizing shall be removed.

After a manhole top or gully top has been hot dip galvanized it may be straightened to overcome any distortion
prior to fitting the manhole cover or gully grating in its frame. Any such straightening shall not adversely affect
the integrity of the galvanizing or the structure of the manhole top or the gully top.

NOTE Other supplementary coatings may be applied to the galvanized surface; e.g. coating or paint systems

C.2.1.2 Other Corrosion Protection Systems

Corrosion protection systems other than hot dip galvanizing shall give corrosion protection equivalent to that
of hot dip galvanizing. The manufacturer shall as part of the factory production control system keep records of
the basis on which the corrosion resistance has been shown to be equivalent.

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C.2.2 Stainless Steel

Stainless steel manhole tops and gully tops for use in normal conditions (see 6.1) shall be fabricated from
austenitic stainless steel grades 304 or 316 in accordance with EN 10088-1:1995.

For normal conditions no surface corrosion protection system shall be required. Appropriate post fabrication
finishing processes may be required. e.g. welded joints shall be treated by pickle passivation process or shot
blasting.

Corrosion protection or another grade of stainless steel shall be required if the manhole top or gully top is
subject to more severe conditions of use, e.g. in a particularly aggressive chemical environment.

NOTE Stainless steel manhole and gully tops may be supplied with aesthetic surface finishes. e.g. cleaning or bead
blasting.

C.2.3 Aluminium Alloy

Aluminium manhole tops and gully tops shall be fabricated from aluminium grade EN–AW 5052 or marine
grade EN–AW 5086 in accordance with EN 1386:1996 for use in normal conditions.

For normal conditions

 marine grade aluminium EN–AW 5086 according to EN 1386 shall require no additional corrosion
protection;

 aluminium grade EN-AW 5052 according to EN 1386 shall require corrosion protection.

Corrosion protection may be achieved by anodising according to EN 12373-1:2001, Class 25.

Corrosion protection systems other than anodising shall give corrosion protection equivalent to that of
anodising. The manufacturer shall as part of the factory production control system keep records on the basis
on which the equivalence has been shown.

Corrosion protection or another grade of aluminium may be required if the manhole top or gully top is subject
to more severe conditions of use, e.g. in a particularly aggressive chemical environment.

C.2.4 Dissimilar metals in combination with each other

Where elements made from dissimilar metals are used in a product, special attention needs to be paid to
determine if electrolytic corrosion will affect the structural performance of the unit. The manufacturer shall as
part of the Factory Production Control system keep records to demonstrate that the use of such dissimilar
metals does not affect the structural performance.

Where the use of dissimilar metals could affect the structural performance, an isolating medium shall be used
to prevent contact of the metals. The manufacturer shall maintain records to demonstrate the isolating
medium's continued suitability.

C.2.5 Any of the above metals in combination with a concrete infill

Concrete used for infilling covers shall comply with the requirements of Annex D (Concrete covers) and 7.19.
Concrete infillings shall comply with 6.5 and 7.19.

Where aluminium manhole tops are in contact with concrete, or concrete infill, additional corrosion protection
shall be provided to the aluminium surface, to prevent the concrete from coming in direct contact with the
aluminium.

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C.3 Additional requirements

C.3.1 Fabrication

Fabrication of the welded component parts of a manhole top or gully top shall be undertaken by a welder
approved by the procedures in EN 287 or equivalent. Welds shall be tested according to EN 571.

C.3.2 Deflection under load

When tested in accordance with Annex I and when subject to FD= 0,33 FT, the maximum deflection under
load shall be ≤ CO/360 for covers filled with brittle materials. For covers filled with concrete the maximum
deflection under load shall be    
                  
 CO/200.

C.3.3 Minimum Thickness

The minimum thickness of steel or aluminium shall be 2,75 mm.

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Annex D
(normative)

Additional requirements for manhole tops and gully tops made of steel
reinforced concrete

D.1 General
This annex specifies material and product performance requirements as well as test methods, in addition to
those in clauses 6 to 10, for precast steel reinforced concrete manhole tops and gully tops with or without
edge and contact surfaces protection.

D.2 Requirements

D.2.1 Material requirements

For general aspects, constituent materials of concrete and reinforcing steel, the relevant clauses of
EN 13369:2004, 4.1 shall apply.

D.2.2 Concrete requirements

D.2.2.1 General

The concrete quality of any unit shall be dense, homogenous and conform to the following requirements.

D.2.2.2 Strength

The design strength class declared by the manufacturer in the factory documents shall not be less than
C35/45 according to EN 206-1.

D.2.2.3 Water content of concrete

The ratio of water to cement plus any pozzolanic or latent hydraulic addition in the fully compacted state shall
not be greater than 0,5.

D.2.2.4 Cement content of concrete

Concrete shall have such a composition that the minimum content of cement plus any pozzolanic latent
addition in the fully compacted state is consistent with the serviceability conditions of D.2.3.5.

D.2.2.5 Chloride content of concrete

The maximum amount of chloride ion in the concrete shall be evaluated by calculation. For the calculated
chloride ion content of the concrete, EN 206-1:2002, 5.2 shall apply.

D.2.2.6 Water absorption of concrete

The water absorption of concrete shall be tested according to D.3.3. The water absorption of the concrete
shall not exceed 6% by mass.

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D.2.3 Requirements for manhole tops and gully tops

D.2.3.1 General

Manhole tops and gully tops shall conform to the following requirements at the time of delivery

D.2.3.2 Finish

The manufacture of manhole tops and gully tops shall be such as to ensure the compatibility of their seatings.
Crazing within the cement-rich layer, shrinkage or temperature hairline cracks with a surface width not
exceeding 0,15 mm, residual cracks caused by testing and having the same limiting surface width are
permissible. Manhole tops and gully tops with cracks other than those described above do not conform to this
European Standard. After final treatment, a manhole top and gully top shall conform to all relevant
requirements of this European Standard.

D.2.3.3 Edge and contact surfaces protection for manhole tops and gully tops

For manhole tops and gully tops where edge and contact surface protection between frame and cover is
specified, it shall consist of either cast iron or hot-dipped galvanised steel. The minimum thickness of flake
graphite iron, spheroidal graphite iron or steel is stated in Table D.1. Examples of edge protections are given
in Figure D.1.

Table D.1 – Thickness of edge and contact surface protection

Class Minimum thicknessa


mm
Trafficked edges Contact surfaces
e d
A 15, B 125 and C 250 2 1
D 400 4 2
E 600 and F 900 According to each design but not less than that required of class D400
a Without the thickness of additional corrosion protection to steel

The thickness of edge and contact surface protection shall be measured in accordance with D.3.5.

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Key

1 Trafficked edge;

2 Contact surface;

e - Thickness of trafficked edge

d - Thickness of contact surface

Figure D.1 — Examples of edge protection

D.2.3.4 Permanent set and load bearing capacity of manhole tops and gully tops made of concrete

When tested according to Annex G, the permanent set of the manhole top or gully top after the application of
FP =0,67FT, shall not exceed the values given in Table 5. No cracks wider than 0,15 mm shall appear in the
concrete after this test. Crack widths shall be measured on the surface optically by magnifier or equivalent.

Manhole tops and gully tops shall withstand the minimum test load FT according to Table 4 when tested in
accordance with Annex H

D.2.3.5 Weathering resistance

Manhole tops and gully tops conforming to this European Standard are suitable for use in humid conditions
and slightly aggressive chemical environmental conditions. Special attention needs to be paid if more severe
conditions are expected, primarily to the cement plus any pozzolanic or latent hydraulic addition to the
concrete.

NOTE Definitions of “slightly aggressive” and more severe chemical environment can be found in national standards
for concrete.

When manhole tops and gully tops are used in specific conditions of use (corresponding to frequent contact of
a surface, partially or entirely made with concrete, with standing water containing de-icing salts in frost
conditions) the concrete shall not show a mean mass loss higher than 1,5 kg/m² with no individual result
higher than 2,0 kg/m² when tested according to D.3.6 Products complying with this requirement may be
marked with “+R”.

D.2.3.6 Reinforcement

The reinforcement shall conform to the factory documents. Reinforcement shall be assembled by welding or
splicing to control position, spacing and the shape of the reinforcement cage or mesh. The reinforcement
cage(s) shall be maintained in its designed shape.

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D.2.3.7 Concrete cover

The concrete cover to steel reinforcement shall be based upon the requirements in the place of use (specific to
drainage channels or, in their absence, applicable to related products, e.g. pipes or manholes).

Where requirements in places of use do not exist, the concrete cover to reinforcement shall not be less than
the nominal maximum size of aggregate and be a minimum of 20 mm on all sides. When the concrete class is
≥ C40/50 and its water absorption is less than 5%, the concrete cover may be reduced by 5 mm. When the
concrete class is ≥ C50/60 and its water absorption is less than 4,5%, or when a steel with protection or self
resistance to corrosion is used, the concrete cover may be reduced by 10 mm.

Where freeze/thaw or chemical attack on concrete is expected, special attention shall be given to the concrete
composition.

NOTE Covers in accordance with above requirements will normally be sufficient for such situations.

D.3 Test methods

D.3.1 General

Clauses D.3.1 to D.3.4 shall apply to all manhole tops and gully tops. The dimensions of the concrete cover
shall be measured and the minimum recorded to the nearest 1 mm. The cover shall then be evaluated for
conformity to D.2.3.7.

D.3.2 Load bearing capacity

The load bearing capacity shall be determined in accordance with Annex H.

D.3.3 Water absorption

Water absorption shall be determined in accordance with EN 13369:2004, 5.1.2.

D.3.4 Concrete strength

The compressive strength shall be determined in accordance with EN 13369:2004, 5.1.1.

D.3.5 Edge and contact surface protection

The thickness of edge and contact surface protection shall be measured to the nearest 0,1 mm. The thickness
of the hot-dipped galvanising shall be measured to an accuracy of 5µ m.

D.3.6 Freeze-thaw with de-icing salts

The freeze-thaw resistance with de-icing salt shall be determined in accordance with EN 1433:2002, Annex C.

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Annex E
(normative)

Additional requirements for manhole tops made of composite materials

E.1 General
This Annex specifies requirements and test methods in addition to those in clauses 1 to 10 for manhole tops
manufactured from composite materials that are moulded as a single structure .

E.2 Material

E.2.1 Composite Material

A composite material shall contain a structure of long continuous fibres, having a fibre volume fraction of 40 %
to 60 %, encapsulated within a thermoset matrix resin moulded as a single structure. Internal cores may be
incorporated for the purpose of accommodating the moulding process.

The fibre may be an E, C, R or S type glass or carbon. The thermoset resin may be based on a polyester,
methacrylate, epoxy or phenolic resin system. Additional materials may be incorporated within the moulding
on the surface of the structural composite element in order to achieve additional properties such as low
surface resistivity and slip/skid resistance.

Components such as metal key housings may be incorporated within the structure during the moulding
process.

NOTE Neither the resin or the fibres are specified. Satisfactory performance of the materials is assured by fulfilling
the requirements of the tests according to clauses 6 to 10.

E.2.2 Additional Material test requirements

E.2.2.1 Water absorption

The water absorption shall be less than 70 mg when tested in accordance with EN ISO 62 Method 1.

E.2.2.2 Hardness

The mean Barcol Hardness shall be equal to or greater than 35. When tested in accordance with EN 59.
Samples shall be cut from an area of the manhole top that does not contain additional surface material

E.2.2.3 Tensile stress and tensile modulus


    f shall be equal to or greater than 222 MPa and the value of tensile modulus, Ef
shall be equal to or greater than 15 GPa when tested in accordance with EN ISO 527-4.

Samples shall be cut from a manhole top and for each test cut two samples at 90° to each other from areas of
the manhole top that do not contain additional materials (e.g. slip/skid resistance material).

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E.2.3 Aged Flexure

When tested in accordance with EN ISO 14125, the change of flexural strength and flexural modulus shall be
not more than – 30 % and – 40 % respectively.

E.2.4 Colour Fastness

Cut samples from a manhole top and test in accordance with EN 20105-A02: 1994 or EN 20105-A03: 1994.
Retain five representative test pieces and store in a dark, dry place at (20 ± 5) °C for later comparison with the
exposed test pieces. The colour change shall be equal to or not less than 3 to 4 on the grey scale.

E.2.4.1 Reaction to Fire

Composite manhole tops shall be tested and classified in accordance with EN 13501-1.

E.2.4.2 Chemical Resistance

When compared with the original properties:

 the change in mass shall be not more than 0,5 %,

 the change in flexural strength shall be not more than – 20 %,

 the change in flexural modulus shall be not more than – 30 %,

when conditioned in either (60% volume toluene, 40% volume n-heptane) or diesel at (23 ± 2)°C for (168 ± 2)
hours.

The samples shall be conditioned in accordance with EN ISO 175 and tested in accordance with EN ISO 175
for mass and EN ISO 14125 for flexural properties. Samples shall be cut from a manhole top.

E.2.4.3 Artificial Weather Resistance

When compared with the original properties:

 the change in flexural strength shall be not more than –30 %,

 the change in flexural modulus shall be not more than –40 %,

 the colour fastness shall be not less than 3/4 on a grey scale,

when artificially weathered in accordance with EN 513 (moderate climate).

The samples shall be tested in accordance with EN ISO 14125 for flexural properties and EN 20105-A02 or
EN 20105-A03 for colour fastness. Samples shall be cut from the bottom of a manhole top. Representative
test pieces shall be stored in a dark, dry place at (20 ± 5) °C for later comparison with the exposed test pieces.

E.3 Additional product performance test requirements

E.3.1 Deflection under load

When tested in accordance with Annex I and when subjected to 1/3 of the test load (FD = 0,33 FT), the
maximum deflection under load shall be ≤ CO/360.

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E.3.2 Creep Resistance

The creep resistance of a manhole top shall meet the requirements for permanent set specified in Table 5.

Load a manhole top, that has not previously been subjected to any prior form of load test, to the permanent
set load FP = 0,67 FT for a period of (60 + 0 ) min. Allow to recover for (5 + 0 ,5
1
0 ) min after complete removal of
the load. Take the measurement in accordance with Annex I.

E.3.3 Fatigue

Upon completion of the 10 000 cycles, the manhole top shall meet the requirements of permanent set
specified in 8.2.

Load a manhole top, that has previously been subjected to the creep resistance test E.3.2, at a rate of
between 1 kN/s and 5 kN/s to achieve a load of 40% of the test load FT defined in Table 4. Upon reaching the
test load dwell for a period of 5 seconds and release at the same rate. Repeat the application of load for
10,000 cycles.

E.3.4 Impact Resistance

There shall be no visible cracking when tested as follows:

Condition a manhole top, that has not previously been subjected to a load test, at (60 ± 2) °C for 30 days.
Allow to cool under ambient conditions for a minimum of 2 hours and then condition at a temperature of (- 20
± 2) °C for a minimum of 4 hours. Drop a (4,5 ± 0,1) kg mass with a (50 ± 1) mm diameter hemispherical end
from a height of (1000 ± 10) mm onto the geometric centre of the manhole top.

E.3.5 Thermal Stability

There shall be no visible defects, blistering, cracks or delaminations when tested as follows:

Condition a manhole cover, that has been subjected to impact resistance test according to E.3.4, at a
temperature of (150 ± 5) °C for (60+5) minutes.

E.3.6 Surface Resistivity

The surface resistivity shall be less than 1 kΩ/ cm2 when tested as follows:

Test the outer surface of a manhole top at a point which provides a flat surface of sufficient surface area to
accommodate the probes in accordance with ISO 2883.

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Annex F
(normative)

Additional requirements for manhole tops made of Polypropylene (PP)

F.1 General
This Annex specifies requirements and test methods in addition to those in clause 1 to clause 10 for manhole
tops manufactured from PP by a moulding or extrusion process.

It applies to manhole tops used in Group 1 and Group 2. Manhole tops complying with this Annex are suitable
for use for temperatures higher than –20°C. Products made under this annex are not suitable for highway use,
or in garage forecourts (where specific static electricity or other requirements might apply).

Manhole tops produced using a combination of polypropylene and other materials also fall within the scope of
this annex, provided that each of the elements is made from a single material listed in 6.2 and 6.3 and also
meet their specific requirements according to clause 6 to clause 10.

F.2 Materials
The polypropylene used in the manufacture of manhole tops shall be sourced from either virgin polypropylene
or from reformulated polypropylene. It should be specified and designated according to EN ISO 1873-1.

The use of recycled, or reprocessed polypropylene is not permitted. The inclusion of up to a maximum of 5%
by weight of clean reworked polypropylene material directly sourced from the manhole tops in production shall
be permitted. (e.g. sprues, runners, short mouldings etc).

Source material shall be either light stabilised and black (and shall be stated as such on the suppliers
certificate of conformity) or an alternative colour. If the material is not light stabilised and black it shall be
subject to the requirements of F.3.2. In which case the flexural strength according to 5.1 shall be determined
before and after UV weathering according to F.5.2.

F.3 Additional product performance test requirements

F.3.1 Deflection under load

When tested in accordance with Annex I and when subjected to 1/3 of the test load (FD = 0,33 FT), the
maximum deflection under load shall be ≤ CO/360.

F.3.2 General

Polypropylene manhole tops shall demonstrate compliance with the following characteristics:

a) UV stability,

b) Thermal stability,

c) Creep resistance,

d) Resistance to petrol and diesel spillages,

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prEN 124:2004 (E)

e) Low temperature impact resistance,

f) Softening temperature,

g) Abrasion resistance

and the requirements detailed in the clauses below.

F.3.3 Resistance to ultra violet light (weathering)

Polypropylene used to manufacture manhole tops shall be light stabilised and demonstrated as such by a
supplier’s certificate of conformity, or it shall be tested in accordance with the provisions of this clause.

When tested for flexural strength according to F.5.1 after exposure to UV light (weathering) in accordance with
F.5.2, the specimen shall not give a result less than 75% of the flexural strength prior to UV exposure.

NOTE UV resistance can be provided by the use of proprietary UV screening chemicals or the use of carbon black
pigment. Carbon black is particularly effective. The use of such chemicals is long established and raw material
manufacturer or “expert - body” data is often available regarding UV resistance.

F.3.4 Thermal stability

The structural polypropylene components of the finished product shall be subjected to the test as detailed in
F.5.3 and shall show no evidence of cracking, de-lamination or de-bonding.

NOTE 1 Weld lines and witness marks from ribs may sink slightly and become more pronounced, but do not constitute
a failure unless accompanied by splitting.

NOTE 2 An example of a non - structural polypropylene component would be a dust cap for keyholes.

F.3.5 Creep resistance

For class B 125, after application of the creep test described in F.5.4 the manhole top/gully top shall be tested
to and satisfy, the permanent set requirements in 8.2.

NOTE It is considered that when a polypropylene product is designed to meet the permanent set and load
requirement of A15, and also the thermal stability test, then the requirement for resistance to creep is adequately met for
class A 15.

F.3.6 Low temperature impact resistance

When tested in accordance with F.5.5 there shall be no evidence of spalling or cracking.

NOTE Indentations from the test apparatus are to be expected and are normal.

F.3.7 Resistance to vehicle fuels (petrol and diesel) (class B125 only)

When tested in accordance with F.5.6 and subsequently tested for permanent set, in accordance with 9.2, the
permanent set shall not exceed that shown in 8.2, Table 5.

F.3.8 Vicat softening temperature

When tested in accordance with EN ISO 306 method A the VST shall be not less than 80°C.

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F.3.9 Abrasion resistance

When subjected to the abrasion test described in F.5.8, the volume loss shall be calculated, and the average
for the three specimens shall be less than 2 mm3.

F.3.10 Resistance to fatigue

After being subjected to the fatigue test according to F.5.9 the manhole top shall not show signs of cracking or
spalling.

F.4 Additional markings


In addition to the marking requirements of clause 10, Polypropylene products conforming to this annex shall
also carry:

a) Symbols indicating the Polypropylene and its recycling class

b) day, month and year of manufacture

F.5 Test methods

F.5.1 Flexural strength test

F.5.1.1 Test specimens

Test pieces shall be machined as appropriate from either a raw material plaque or finished products such that
they form bars of as uniform cross section as possible. The length to thickness ratio of the bars shall be
(20 ± 1) mm and the width shall be:

 (10 ± 0,5) mm for a bar thickness of ≤ 4,0 mm,

 (15 ± 0,5) mm for a bar thickness of > 4mm to < 10mm.

 above 10 mm thickness, use the formula in EN ISO 178:2003, 6.1.2.

F.5.1.2 Test apparatus and procedure

Flexural testing should be conducted in accordance with EN ISO 178 at a test speed of 10 mm per
(60 ± 12) s.

Where the test specimen is curved (e.g. cut from a circular frame) the test piece shall be placed on the
supports such that the curvature is concave to the direction of force.

F.5.1.3 Measurements and observations

Instruments used for measuring should be calibrated to national standards and capable of measuring to an
accuracy of:

a) ≤ 0,01 mm for width and thickness

b) ± 0,1 % for the specimen length.

c) other etc. requirements referring to the calibration and set up of the apparatus are detailed in
EN ISO 178.

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Specimens that rupture outside the central third of their span length shall be discarded and new specimens
tested in their place.

The test report shall contain the information and observations listed in EN ISO 178:2003, clause 11.

F.5.2 Determination of UV resistance

F.5.2.1 Test specimens

The test specimen sizes should be agreed between the manufacturer and the test laboratory. The test
specimens should be capable of providing sufficient representative samples as required by F.5.1 for flexural
strength testing.

F.5.2.2 UV apparatus

A xenon arc lamp weathering apparatus as specified in ISO 4892, fitted with sets of light filters which provide
the nearest spectral distribution of incident radiation to that specified for simulated solar radiation in ISO 4892,
Annex C.

Particular emphasis should be given to matching the wavelength range 300 nm to 400 nm. Irradiance below
300 nm shall be limited to a max of 1W/m2 .

F.5.2.3 Test procedure

F.5.2.3.1 UV operating conditions

Water spray cycle 300 seconds ON, 1500 seconds OFF

Relative humidity in the dry period (65 ± 5) %

Maximum black panel temperature at the end of the dry period (50 ± 2)°C

F.5.2.3.2 Duration of exposure

The test samples shall be exposed to an integrated total radiation over the wavelength range 300 nm to
890 nm of 8 GJ/m2 .

The expected test period required to produce this dosage is expected to lie within the range
(2250 ± 500) hours.

F.5.2.4 Measurement and observation

The dosage shall be measured by the use of calibrated integrating radiation detectors, placed in the same
plane as the samples. Alternatively the dosage should be computed from information supplied by the lamp
and filter makers appropriate to; the wavelengths employed, class of lamps, filters, wattage schedule etc.

The test report for both exposed and control sample sets should contain sufficient details, such as
manufacturing date, test machine-number, calibration certificate for the lamps, raw material type, batch
number etc. to identify.

F.5.3 Thermal stability

F.5.3.1 Test specimens

Whole covers, gratings or frames shall be tested. It is permissible (given oven space) to test complete
manhole or separate elements.

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F.5.3.2 Apparatus

An oven of suitable size to accommodate the particular manhole top, gully or element, in a horizontal position,
whilst remaining at least 50 mm clear of any sidewall or door whilst under test. Adequate air circulation (fan
assisted or natural convection) should be available such that the temperature above and below the test
element does not vary by more than 2 °C. The oven shall be capable of maintaining (120 ± 2)°C for at least
one hour. The shelf supporting the test element should be of flat rigid metal construction and may have
perforations or slots to assist air circulation.

F.5.3.3 Test procedure

Pre heat the oven to (120 ± 2) °C. sprinkle the shelf generously with talc or similar to prevent sticking. Place
the test element on the metal shelf and close the door. Run the test for a period of one hour, commencing
timing as the oven reaches the test temperature range.

After a period of one hour, remove the shelf with the test component and allow to cool to ambient temperature.

F.5.3.4 Measurement and observation

Examine the element for any detrimental effects listed in F.3.4. Report each item as a pass or fail and
describe in detail the position of any areas that do fail.

F.5.4 Creep resistance

F.5.4.1 Test specimens

Complete manhole tops containing structural polypropylene elements, as would be supplied to the end user.

F.5.4.2 Test apparatus

A suitable rigid framework should be provided such as to support manhole top/gully top in an equivalent
manner to its service condition. The option for a permanent fix (such as mortar) is at the discretion of the
manufacturer. The framework should provide clear access to the underside of the manhole top, thus enabling
a suitable measuring device, such as a dial gauge to be placed in contact with the central point of the
underside of the manhole top.

The measuring device shall have adequate travel and be graduated in units of 0,1mm or less.

The height and spatial location of the test apparatus should be such as to allow application of the static load
without shock.

F.5.4.3 Test block

Sized in relation to the clear opening as per Annex G load test blocks.

F.5.4.4 Test procedure

Apply as a static mass the permanent set load specified in 8.1 for intervals of (60 ± 1) min.

Record the initial deflection, the final deflection and the deflection at periods of 10 min.

Remove the load and after a period of (5 ± 1) minutes perform a permanent set test in accordance with
Annex G

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F.5.4.5 Measurement and observation

The central point is defined in relationship to the clear area. In the case of multiple covers where the junction
of the covers is at the central point, then the deflection shall be tested on both covers independently, but at the
same time (i.e. 2 dial gauges). This arrangement may require the use of brackets or plates fixed to the covers
to prevent the gauges fouling each other.

The average of the two deflections shall be recorded as the result. The creep deflections shall be reported to
the nearest 0,5 mm.

Use the maximum deflection figure from the creep load to ensure the product/supporting framework set up
allows sufficient clearance to avoid fouling the bed of the test machine.

Collate the periodic deflection figures for future reference and as a benchmark for later product designs.

The results from the permanent set test shall be measured according to Annex G and recorded as “creep –
permanent set result” to distinguish from the routine permanent set test.

F.5.5 Low temperature impact resistance

F.5.5.1 Test specimens

Complete manhole tops containing structural polypropylene elements, as would be supplied to the end user.
The test specimen should be supported during the test, in such a way that represents the intended installation
on site. It may not always be feasible to include bedding mortar (for instance around the outside flange).

F.5.5.2 Test apparatus

The following apparatus shall be available for the test:

a) A guided rail impact tower similar to that described in EN ISO 6603-1.

b) An impact nose consisting of a 50 mm wide cylinder with a diameter of (25 ± 1) mm. The total mass of
the nose and carrier assembly to be (1 ± 0,05) kg.

c) A chill unit capable of holding (–20 ± 3) °C.

d) A suitable support for the product.

F.5.5.3 Test procedure

Trial set up the apparatus and support to ensure minimum time elapses from removal of product from chill unit
to testing. The longitudinal axis of the impact nose should be aligned at right angles to the rim of the product.

Condition the product at (–20 ± 3) °C for 4 h. Remove and place on support, impact test from a height of
1 metre within 30 s.

The impact nose should be directed at those areas that would normally be “exposed” when installed. Repeat
impact test at a further 7 equally spaced points, at least 4 to be around the periphery. Between impacts return
the product to the chill unit for between 10 and 15 min to recondition.

F.5.5.4 Measurement and observation

Only those areas normally exposed after installation shall be examined when ascertaining the test result.
Examine the tested areas for any spalling or cracking. Report each item as a pass or fail and describe in detail
the position of any areas that do fail.

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F.5.6 Resistance to petrol and diesel fuels

F.5.6.1 Test specimens

Complete manhole tops containing structural polypropylene elements, as would be supplied to the end user. A
separate test specimen is required for petrol and diesel.

F.5.6.2 Test apparatus

The following apparatus shall be available for the test:

a) Measuring jug or cylinder accurate to ± 2,5 ml

b) Fire blanket and CO2 extinguisher

c) Fume cupboard to national standards with explosion protected extraction or alternatively an outside open
space large enough to disperse fumes safely and adequately cordoned off.

d) A clock or timer accurate to ±1 min in 24 h.

e) Commercially available unleaded petrol to EN 288.

f) Commercially available diesel fuel to EN 590.

g) A spirit level.

F.5.6.3 Test procedure

WARNING —The test method may be dangerous to health, take adequate precautions against fumes
and fire risk, ensure only competent, trained persons carry out the task. Take into account any
relevant national health and safety standards.

Support the manhole top horizontally via the frame using as minimum area as possible and 200 mm above the
supporting ground or base. In the case of a test that is conducted outside, use a drip tray or similar to prevent
ground contamination. Take 200 ml of the fuel in question and pour randomly over the horizontal manhole top.
Allow the fuel to evaporate at ambient temperature. Repeat test 7 times at 24 h ± 30 min intervals.

Test the manhole top, 24 h ± 30 min after the final cycle, to the permanent set test in 9.2.

F.5.6.4 Measurements and observations

The results from the permanent set test shall be measured as per Annex G and recorded as “fuel - (petrol) or
(diesel) resistance – permanent set result” to distinguish from routine permanent set tests.

F.5.7 Vicat softening temperature

F.5.7.1 Test specimens

A minimum of two specimens are required for each sample tested. The test specimens shall be between 3
mm and 6,5 mm thick and at least 10 mm x 10 mm square or 10 mm diameter. The surfaces should be flat
and parallel and free from flash. It is permissible to machine specimens that are > 6,5mm thick. It is
permissible to stack specimens that are < 3 mm thick, provided that no more than 3 pieces are used and the
upper piece is > 1,5 mm thick.

The specimens shall be cut from a production item.

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F.5.7.2 Test apparatus

Apparatus for the application of force and temperature control similar to that described in EN ISO 306:1997,
clause 4 and capable of working to the accuracy required. A heating bath containing silicone oil.

F.5.7.3 Test procedure

Calibrate the test apparatus in accordance with EN ISO 306:1997, 4.1 using a borosilicate glass specimen.
Test the polypropylene specimens to EN ISO 306:1997 method A using an applied force of 10 N with a
heating rate of 120 °C per hour.

F.5.7.4 Measurement and observations

Record the VST of the polypropylene specimens and apply any correction factor from the calibrations
according to EN ISO 306:1997, 4.1.

Express the VST of the polypropylene specimens as the arithmetic mean of the corrected results. If the range
of the individual results exceeds 2 °C then the individual results shall be recorded and the test repeated once
more with a new set of specimens.

Prepare a report containing the test details and conditions as required by EN ISO 306:1997, clause 9.

F.5.8 Abrasion resistance procedure

F.5.8.1 Test specimens

Test speciman shall comprise of moulded polypropylene (via a moulded plaque or samples taken from a
product). Triplicate test specimens of approximately 100 mm diameter are required, and these shall be
conditioned according to EN 660-2.

F.5.8.2 Test procedure

After conditioning, determine the density of the specimens and subject them to the abrasion test according to
EN 660-2.

F.5.8.3 Measurement and observations

After the abrasion test the average volume loss shall be calculated. Report the average volume loss against
the requirement of F.3.9 and designate as a pass or fail.

F.5.9 Resistance to fatigue

F.5.9.1 Test specimen

Complete manhole tops containing structural polypropylene elements as would be supplied to the end user.

F.5.9.2 Test apparatus

A suitable apparatus which is capable of receiving the product or installation and applying a cyclic load to the
centre of the manhole top, at a rate of between 1 kN/s and 3 kN/s. The test block shall be in accordance with
Annex G.

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F.5.9.3 Test procedure

Load the specimen on the test machine and place an appropriate test block between load source and the
centre of the sample under the test. The maximum fatigue test load shall be 0,33 FT.

The fatigue test load shall be applied at a rate between 1 kN/s and 3 kN/s.

F.6 Additional requirements for quality assurance process for PP manhole tops

F.6.1 Quality assurance

Quality assurance shall meet the appropriate requirements of EN 124 and the test/sampling regime laid out in
this clause.

This process fulfils the following purposes:

a) The establishment and control of a polymer formulation,

b) Contributing to type approval of products,

c) Indicating the triggers for tests,

d) Fulfilling the related requirements of EN 124.

F.6.2 Establishment and control of formulation

The first stage is to establish a formulation master specification and test this through the “proof” and “type
approval” stages as outlined in Tables F.2 and F.3.

An approved master formulation to be used for more than one product, in which case the tests in table F.2
remain valid, but the type approval tests in table F.3 shall be individually established for each product.

The master specification should be recorded and itemised and referred to by name or code number on any
certificate of conformity.

Specification and Quality Assessment documentation for individual products should also refer to the relevant
master specification for the raw material as well as the normal operating parameters for the moulding
machinery.

The material specification should also include the intended method of processing to a finished EN 124
product. This is to enable the correct selection / level of additive by the thermoplastic raw material supplier.

Table F.1 gives the minimum requirements that shall be included in a master raw material specification.

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Table F.1 — Minimum requirements sheet for a raw material master specification

Ingredient / requirement Result / limits / description


Spec. Code No.
Date of issue
Issue no.
Designation under ISO 1873-1
List of approved suppliers
Pigment type and percentage w/w
UV additives and carrier type / percentages w/w
Other additives
Vicat softening temperature
Specific gravity
Flexural modulus
Tensile strength at yield
Production / moulding method
Production / moulding parameters

F.6.3 Proof tests for the master specification

The master specification shall be proofed for new products. For any change in master specification the test
shall be repeated.

Table F.2 — Initial proof tests for master specification

Property Test Reference Sample source Required value


UV resistance Specified as UV Supplier or industry Certificate of conformity
resistant research data stating type and level of UV
screening agent.
Alternative UV UV accelerated Moulded plaque or cut ≥ 75 % of original flexural
resistance weathering F.5.2 from product strength when tested
Abrasion resistance Frick Taber abrasion Moulded plaque or cut < 2 mm3 volume loss
test F.5.8 from product
Resistance to fuel F.5.6 Product Pass EN 124 permanent set
test
Vicat Softening F.5.7 Moulded plaque or cut ≥ 80 °C
Temperature from product

F.6.4 Type tests

Type tests shall be carried out according to table F.3 for new product approval. They shall be repeated for
any change in master specification and structural change in product design.

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Table F.3 — Type tests for new product approval

Characteristic Test reference Sample source Required value


Thermal stability F.5.3 Product F.3.4
Creep resistance F.5.4 Product F.3.5
Low temp impact F.5.5 Product F.3.6
Permanent set 9.2 product (x3) 8.2
Load test 9.3 product (x3) 8.1
Dimensions 9.4 product (x3) 7

Requirements for factory production control are given in Annex A, Table A.8.

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Annex G
(normative)

Permanent set test

G.1 Test Samples


Gully tops and manhole tops shall be tested as complete units in their condition of service, except for covers
delivered unfilled, which shall be tested without filling. Units tested shall be new units that have not been
subjected to any other load tests, and shall be randomly selected.

G.2 Permanent set test load, FP


A test load FP = 0,67 FT, the test load shown in Table 4, shall be applied for each class for all clear openings.

G.3 Apparatus

G.3.1 Testing machine

The testing machine, preferably a hydraulic test press, shall be capable of applying a load at least 25%
greater than the respective test load for classes A 15 to D 400 and at least 10% greater than the respective
test for classes E 600 and F 900.

A tolerance of ± 3 % of the test load shall be maintained.

Except for multiple units, the dimensions of the bed of the testing machine shall be greater than the bearing
area of the unit to be tested.

G.3.2 Test blocks

The dimensions and shape of test blocks shall be as shown in Table G.1

G.3.3 Measurement device(s)

The measurement device(s) shall have a measurement range of at least 10 mm with a resolution of at least
0,01 mm and have a maximum overall accuracy of ± 5 %.

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Table G.1G.G.G. – Dimensions of test blocks


Dimensions in millimetres
clear opening Shape of gully top or manhole top Dimensions of the test
blocks
300< LW ≤ 1000

200 ≤ LW ≤ 300

200 ≤ LW ≤ 300

LW < 200

LW < 200

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G.4 Procedure

G.4.1 Procedure for single and double triangular manhole tops and gully tops

The test sample shall be placed on the test machine. The test sample shall be supported on the bed of the
test machine in such a way as to ensure that when the cover or grating is deflected under the test load, it shall
remain unsupported, and not in contact with the bed of the test machine. The cover or grating of the test
sample shall rest normally in its frame.

The test block shall be placed on the test sample with its vertical axis perpendicular to the surface and
coincidental in the locations of the cover or the grating (examples, see Figure G.1). In the case of double
triangular covers or gratings, the test block shall be positioned in the geometric centre, as shown in Figure
G.1, Figure G.2 and Figure G.3.

Figure G.1 — Example for testing of single manhole tops and gully tops

Figure G.2 — Example for testing of double manhole tops and gully tops

Figure G.3 — Example for testing of triple manhole tops and gully tops

The test load shall be uniformly distributed over the whole surface of the test block and any irregularities
compensated for by means of an appropriate intermediate layer, e.g. softwood, fibre board, felt or similar
material positioned between the cover or the grating and the test block. The dimensions of this intermediate
layer shall not be larger than that of the test block. A similar intermediate layer, at the manufacturer’s
discretion, may also be positioned between the bed of the testing machine and the bearing area of the sample
under test.

When testing gully tops or manhole tops with a non-flat surface, the contact face of the test block shall be
shaped to match the grating or cover. Patterns as defined in 7.14 and small deviations from a flat surface do
not require a shaped contact face of the test block.

Measurement of permanent set shall be made on the upper-side of the gully grating or manhole cover in the
same plane as the applied test load. The measurement device(s) shall be positioned as close as possible to
the centre point of the load application. If the test block is positioned across two adjacent covers or gratings
the permanent set shall be measured on both covers/gratings as close as possible to the centre point of the
load application.

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Key
1 Frame
2 Cover or grating
3 Geometric centre
4 Bed of testing machine
5 Measuring device support
6 Measuring device

Figure G.4 — Measurement of permanent set

Before the first load, without preloading, is applied, take an initial reading at the geometric centre of the cover
or grating.

The load shall be applied at a rate of 1 kN/s to 5 kN/s up to 2/3 of the test load (FP = 0,67 FT ); the load on the
test specimen is then released. This procedure shall be carried out five times. Then take a final reading at the
geometric centre.

The permanent set shall then be determined according to Figure G.4 as the difference of the measured
readings before the first and after the fifth loading.

G.4.2 Procedure for multiple units

In the case of multiple units, each individual unit and each intermediate structural element shall be tested in
accordance with Figure G.4. The location of the test blocks and the measurement device(s) shall be in
accordance with Figure G.2. and Figure G.3.

G.5 Observations and reporting


Record shall be made of all readings. The differences between the “reference readings” and the equivalent
“readings after application of the fifth load” shall be determined. A comparison shall be made between these
differences and the requirements of this standard, and a report prepared accordingly.

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Annex H
(normative)

Test of load bearing capacity

H.1 Test samples


Gully tops and manhole tops shall be tested as complete units in their condition of service, except for covers
delivered unfilled, which shall be tested without filling. This test shall be carried out on the sample
immediately after the permanent set test.

H.2 Test load, FT


The applied test load, FT , shall be as shown in Table 4, for each class for all clear openings.

H.3 Test procedure


Apparatus, test machine, test blocks, measurement devices and the application of the test load shall conform
to Annex G. Immediately after the test according to Annex G the test load shall be applied at the same rate
+2
given in Annex G, until it is achieved. The test load shall be maintained for (30 0 ) s.

H.4 Observations and reporting


Record shall be made of the condition of the manhole top or gully top after removal of the test load and a
report prepared accordingly.

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Annex I
(normative)

Test of deflection under load

I.1 Test Samples


Gully tops and manhole tops shall be tested as complete units in their condition of service, except for covers
delivered unfilled, which shall be tested without filling. Units tested shall be new units that have not been
subjected to any other load tests, and shall be randomly selected.

I.2 Deflection test load, FD


A test load FD = 0,33 FT of the test load shown in Table 4, shall be applied for each class for all clear openings

I.3 Apparatus

I.3.1 Testing machine

The testing machine, preferably a hydraulic test press, shall be capable of applying a load at least 25%
greater than the respective test load for classes A 15 to D 400 and at least 10% greater than the respective
test for classes E 600 and F 900. A tolerance of +/-3% of the test load shall be maintained. Except for multiple
units, the dimensions of the bed of the testing machine shall be greater than the bearing area of the unit to be
tested.

I.3.2 Test blocks

The dimensions and shape of test blocks shall be as shown in Table G.1.

I.3.3 Deflection measurement device(s)

The deflection measurement device(s) shall have a measurement range of at least 10 mm with a resolution of
at least 0,01 mm and have a maximum overall accuracy of ± 5%.

I.4 Procedure

I.4.1 Procedure for single units and double triangular units

The test sample shall be placed on the test machine. The test sample shall be supported on the bed of the
test machine in such a way as to ensure that when the cover or grating is deflected under the test load, it shall
remain unsupported, and not in contact with the bed of the test machine. The cover or grating of the test
sample shall rest normally in its frame.

The test block shall be placed on the test sample with its vertical axis perpendicular to the surface and
coincidental with the geometric centre of the cover or the grating (examples, see Figure G.1). In the case of
double triangular covers or gratings, the test block shall be positioned in the geometric centre, as shown in
Figure G.1, Figure G.2 and Figure G.3.

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The test load shall be uniformly distributed over the whole surface of the test block and any irregularities
compensated for by means of an appropriate intermediate layer, e.g. softwood, fibre board, felt or similar
material positioned between the cover or the grating and the test block. The dimensions of this intermediate
layer shall not be larger that those of the test block.

When testing gully tops or manhole tops with a non-flat surface, the contact face of the test block shall be
shaped to match the grating or cover. Patterns as defined in 7.14 and small deviations from a flat surface do
not require a shaped contact face of the test block.

Measurement of deflection shall be made on the underside of the gully grating or manhole cover as shown in
Figure I.1 in the same plane as the applied test load. The deflection measurement device(s) shall be
positioned within +/-5% of the geometrical centre of the clear opening of the cover or grating. In the case of
double triangular covers or gratings, the deflection shall be measured on both parts.

Key

1 Frame
2 Cover or grating
3 Geometric center
4 Bed of testing machine
5 Measuring device support
6 Measuring device

Figure I.1 — Measurement of deflection under load

A conditioning load of maximum 1/3 of FD may be applied to bed the system in, and may be held for no more
than 5 seconds and subsequently fully released. After the conditioning load is released and before FD is
applied, the deflection measurement device(s) shall be set to be in contact with the underside of the manhole
top or gully top and (a) reference reading(s) shall be taken. The load FD shall be applied at a rate of 1 kN/s to
5 kN/s up to 0,33 FT and maintained for 30 seconds. The deflection measurement device(s) shall be read
again within the next 10 seconds. The load may then be released.

I.4.2 Procedure for multiple manhole tops or gully tops

In the case of multiple manhole tops or gully tops, each individual unit and each intermediate structural
element shall be tested in accordance with the procedure in I.4. The location of the test blocks and the
deflection measurement device(s) shall be in accordance with Figure G.2 and G.3.

I.5 Observations and reporting


Record shall be made of all deflection gauge readings, and the differences between the “reference readings”
and the equivalent “readings under load” shall be determined. A comparison shall be made between these
differences and the requirements of this standard, and a report prepared accordingly.

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Annex J
(normative)

Test to determine the unpolished Skid/slip resistance value (USRV) of


manhole covers

J.1 General
The measurement of and USRV on a specimen is made using proprietary pendulum friction test equipment to
evaluate the frictional properties of the specimen. The pendulum friction test equipment incorporates a spring
loaded slider made of a standard rubber attached to the end of the pendulum. On swinging the pendulum, the
frictional force between the slider and test surface is measured by the reduction in length of the swing using a
calibrated scale.

J.2 Apparatus

 Pendulum friction test equipment in accordance with Annex A of ENV 12633:2003.

 potable water.

J.3 Calibration of Pendulum Friction Test Equipment


The pendulum friction test equipment shall be recalibrated at least once a year. This shall be carried out by a
recognized calibration laboratory in accordance with EN 13036-4.

J.4 Selection of Test Sample Manhole Cover


Test sample manhole covers shall be selected at random from the stock of manhole covers held by the
manufacturer. A representative sample which is free from any temporary coatings, not yet used and free from
any corrosion shall be selected and tested for each surface pattern design and for each material of
manufacture.

This procedure shall also apply if the design is structurally subsequently amended. All subsequent
amendments whether structural or not must have the approval of the certification body.

J.5 Test Procedure

J.5.1 Validation and conditioning of the pendulum test equipment

The condition of the pendulum test equipment shall be validated according to the procedure for checking the
state of a pendulum tester as described in ENV 12633:2003, Annex B. If the validation results are outside the
range of the standard surface, the used slider shall be conditioned in accordance with ENV 12633:2003,
A.2.1.10.

After this conditioning, if the validation results are still outside the range of the standard surface, the apparatus
shall be investigated and the may require recalibration.

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The pendulum test equipment shall be conditioned for a period of at least 30 minutes prior to the
commencement of the test. The test equipment, test specimen and slider as well as water, shall be kept at a
temperature of (20 ± 5)°C, during this time.

J.5.2 Procedure to determine USRV

J.5.2.1 Preparation of sample

Surface irregularities (e.g., casting imperfections etc.), dust or other contaminants shall be removed from the
sample under test, prior to testing.

J.5.2.2 Location of test areas

Where possible the test shall take place within a 0,5 m x 0,5 m grid as shown in Figure J.1. If it is clear that
surface pattern varies across the test area, additional tests may be necessary to take this into account.

Key

1 test location 1

2 test location 2

3 test location 3

Figure J.1 — Test locations

Testing shall be carried out at the three test locations as shown in Figure J.1, i.e. two shall be parallel to the
major axes of the cover and one at and angle of 45° to the major axes. Where the test sample is smaller than
500 x 500 mm, a similar test pattern shall be adopted.

J.5.2.3 Setting up

The setting up of the pendulum, its zeroing and method of measurement shall be undertaken as described in
ENV 12633. In addition, the base of the pendulum tester shall be weighted with a suitable material of mass
> 6 kg and < 10 kg. to arrest any possible movement during testing.

J.5.2.4 Checking strike distance

Where the surface patterning of the cover does not enable a pendulum strike distance of 126 mm to be
achieved (i.e. slider in contact with cover material at start and end of strike distance), a length of less than 126
mm may be chosen. In this case, the actual strike distance shall be recorded, and the values obtained after
testing shall be modified by a correction factor. The correction factor shall be determined by reference to
standard test materials. Such reference materials shall be tested using the same strike distance as on the
sample and also using the standard distance of 126 mm. The correction factor shall be the ratio of the two
results.

NOTE Float glass plate and 300 grit waterproof silicon carbide paper have been found to be suitable reference
materials.

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J.5.2.5 Measuring the value

The height of the pendulum arm shall be checked and adjusted so that in traversing the specimen, the rubber
slider is in contact with it over the whole width of the slider and over the specified sweep length. The upper
surfaces of the specimen and the rubber slider shall then be wetted just in front of the centre of the test
location at a rate of 3 l/minute applied immediately before each swing of the pendulum, being careful not to
disturb the slider from its set position.

The pendulum and pointer shall then be released from the horizontal position and the pendulum arm caught
on its return swing, before it touches the test specimen a second time. The position of the pointer on the scale
shall be recorded. This is the pendulum test value. This operation shall be repeated five times at each of the
three locations shown in Figure J.1, rewetting the specimen each time. The last three of the five readings shall
be recorded for each test location.

J.6 Calculation of USRV


The mean value of the last three of the five readings shall be determined for each test location according to
Figure J.1. This shall be the USRV for each location.

The mean of the two lowest USRV values shall be declared as skid resistance value.

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Annex K
(normative)

Test of securing of the cover/grating within the frame

NOTE It is intended to include a test method, which is currently under development.

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Annex L
(informative)

Recommendations for installation

L.1 General
The safe use of manhole tops and gully tops is dependant upon correct selection of the unit and good
installation. This is particularly critical when they are installed in highway environments. The criteria, listed
below should be taken into account. Sound installation in the highway may also make a significant contribution
to savings in the whole life costs of manhole tops and gully tops. Conditions in the place of use may require
more detailed instructions.

L.2 Location and opening size


A key responsibility for the safe location of a manhole top or gully top lies with the designer.

Where ever possible, the underground chamber upon which a manhole top or gully top is placed, should be
located where traffic conditions are least arduous. However, wherever it is located, the designer has a
responsibility to provide for future, as well as current traffic conditions. The designer should select an
appropriate class of unit, for the chamber’s location, in accordance with the recommendations of this standard
and an appropriate clear opening size for safe entry.

L.3 Preparations before installation


Before installation the following should be checked:

 The manhole top or gully top is the correct size for the chamber;

 The manhole top or gully top is of an appropriate class for its location;

 If the manhole top or gully top should be fixed with a particular orientation, and is it properly aligned;

 The manhole top or gully top is appropriately marked, to show compliance with this standard, and with
any third party’s mark of conformity;

 The manufacturer’s installation guidance is available

 The cover/grating and the frame form a matching pair.

NOTE Manhole tops and gully tops are tested by manufacturers and certification bodies as a unit, i.e. a matching top
and frame. Generally they should be installed as such. The change of only one element may be undertaken on owners
request.

L.4 Operative skill, training and Installation equipment


The installation of Manhole tops and gully tops should be undertaken by appropriately skilled and trained
operatives, using the proper equipment.

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The user of the installation should ensure that any operatives or contractors (and their operatives) involved in
the installation of manhole top or gully tops are appropriately competent to undertake the work.

The installer should ensure that all equipment used during the installation of manhole tops or gully tops

 is properly maintained,

 is appropriate for the safe installation of the manhole top or gully top and

 will cause no damage to the manhole top or gully top.

L.5 Bedding and packing materials


All bedding and packing materials should be used strictly in accordance with the manufacturers’
recommendations. All such materials should be appropriate for use at the temperature prevalent at the time of
installation.

L.6 Condition of supporting chamber


Before fixing the manhole top or gully top, operatives should ensure that the chamber upon which it to be
installed is in a sound condition, and can safely carry the traffic or pedestrian load to be transferred to it by the
manhole top or gully top. All appropriate repairs or renovation of the supporting structure of an existing
chamber should be undertaken before the installation of a new manhole top or gully top.

L.7 Fixing of manhole tops or gully tops


The structure of the chamber and / or local conditions and practice may require that a particular type of frame
and/or frame embedment is required. A wide variety of frame designs and methods of support for gratings and
manhole covers are available. Therefore, when installing a manhole top or gully top, operatives should
ensure that:

 the manhole top or gully top is fixed in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations,

 there is adequate bearing of the frame on the chamber or on the structure of the adjacent paved surface,
(as required by local practice),

 the frame has appropriate anchoring and sound anchoring points (if specified),

 the upper surface of the manhole top or gully top is appropriately aligned to the adjacent paved surface
and

 the manhole top or gully top is soundly fixed in place and supported, such that it will not move when
subject to traffic loading.

L.8 Post installation check and cleaning


After the installation of the manhole top or gully top has been completed, and before exposing it to traffic, the
installer should thoroughly clean all elements of the manhole top or gully top, and its surroundings and carry
out a check to ensure that all of its features function correctly.

In particular the following aspects of the installation should be checked /inspected.

 Adequate curing time has elapsed for all bedding materials;

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 The frame is secured in place;

 The cover or grating is stable within its frame and will not be disturbed by the action of traffic;

 There is no inappropriate interference between seatings or flanges of the cover or grating, and its frame;

 All additional features function correctly e.g. hinges and locks;

 Any cushioning inserts are properly fixed in place, and function correctly and

 Any feature which locks the grating or manhole cover in an open position is functioning correctly, and in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Any abnormalities should be rectified before the manhole top or gully top is exposed to traffic.

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Annex ZA
(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of


EU Construction Products Directive (89/106)

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics


This European Standard has been prepared under Mandate M/118 "Wastewater engineering products" given
to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

The clauses of this European Standard, shown in Table ZA.1, meet the requirements of Mandate M/118 given
under the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC).

Compliance with these clauses confers a presumption of fitness of the construction products covered by this
European Standard for their intended use(s).

WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives, not affecting the fitness for intended use(s),
can be applicable to the construction products falling within the scope of this European Standard.

NOTE In addition to any specific clauses relating to dangerous substances contained in this European
Standard, there may be other requirements applicable to the products falling within its scope (e.g.
transposed European legislation and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions). In order to
meet the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive, these requirements need also to be
complied with, when and where they apply. An informative database of European and national provisions
on dangerous substances is available at the Construction web site on EUROPA (accessed through
http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/construction/ internal/dansub/dangmain.htm).

This annex establishes the conditions for the CE marking of gully tops and manhole tops intended for the uses
indicated in Table ZA.1 and shows the relevant clauses applicable.

This Annex ZA has the same scope as Clause 1 of this standard.

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Table ZA.1 – Relevant clauses

Construction products: Gully tops and manhole tops


Intended use: Covering of openings of gullies and manholes in areas subject to pedestrian and/or
vehicular traffic

Requirement clauses
Levels and/or
Essential characteristics in this European Notes
classes
Standard
Load bearing capacity:
Threshold value, where
– depth of insertion 7.4 -
applicable
– load resistance 7.16, 8.1 - Classes of conveniences
– permanent set 8.2 - Threshold values per class

– maximum deflection under load B.3.2, Annex I - Threshold values

Decisions may be taken by


authorities to require the use
Child safety 7.9 and 7.20 -
of safety features with the
product, e.g. locking devices

Skid resistance 7.14 -

6.2, 6.3, 6.4, Annex C, E * Using appropriate sub-


Durability -
and F*, D.2* clause requirements

The requirement on a certain characteristic is not applicable in those Member States (MSs) where there are
no regulatory requirements on that characteristic for the intended use of the product. In this case,
manufacturers placing their products on the market of these MSs are not obliged to determine nor declare the
performance of their products with regard to this characteristic and the option “No performance determined”
(NPD) in the information accompanying the CE marking (see ZA.3) may be used. The NPD option may not be
used, however, where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level.

ZA.2 Procedures for the attestation of conformity of products

ZA.2.1 System of attestation of conformity

The system of attestation of conformity for gully tops and manhole tops indicated in Table ZA.1, as given in
Annex III of the mandate for "Wastewater engineering products", is shown in Table ZA.2 for the indicated
intended use(s).

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Table ZA.2 – Attestation of conformity systems

Level(s) or Attestation of
Product(s) Intended use(s)
class(es) conformity
system

Coverings of openings of gullies


Gully tops and manhole tops for
and manholes in areas subject to None 1
vehicular and/or pedestrian areas
pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic

System 1: See Directive 89/106/EEC (CPD) Annex III.2.(i), without audit testing of samples.

The attestation of conformity of the gully tops and manhole tops in Table ZA.1 shall be based on the
evaluation of conformity procedures indicated in Table ZA.3 resulting from application of the clauses of this
European Standard indicated therein.

Table ZA.3 – Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for gully tops and manhole tops under
system 1

Evaluation of conformity
Tasks Content of the task
clauses to apply

Parameters related to all


Factory production
relevant characteristics of 11.3
control (FPC)
Tasks under the Table ZA.1
responsibility of
the manufacturer Further testing of
All relevant characteristics of
samples taken at the 11.3
Table ZA.1
factory

All relevant characteristics of


Initial type testing 11.2
Table ZA.1

Tasks under the Parameters related to all


Initial inspection of the
responsibility of relevant characteristics of 11.3 and Annex B
factory and of FPC
the product Table ZA.1
certification body
Continuous surveillance, Parameters related to all
assessment and relevant characteristics of 11.3 and Annex B
approval of FPC Table ZA.1

ZA.2.2 EC Certificate and Declaration of conformity

When compliance with the conditions of this annex is achieved, the certification body shall draw up a
certificate of conformity (EC Certificate of conformity), which entitles the manufacturer to affix the CE marking.
The certificate shall include:

 name, address and identification number of the certification body,

 name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and
place of production,

 description of the product (type, identification, use, ...),

 provisions to which the product conforms (i.e. Annex ZA of this EN),

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 particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions),

 the number of the certificate,

 conditions and period of validity of the certificate, where applicable,

 name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the certificate.

In addition, the manufacturer shall draw up a declaration of conformity (EC Declaration of conformity)
including the following:

 name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA,

 name and address of the certification body,

 description of the product (type, identification, use, ...), and a copy of the information accompanying the
CE marking,

 provisions to which the product conforms (i.e. Annex ZA of this EN),

 particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions),

 number of the accompanying EC Certificate of conformity,

 name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the
manufacturer or of his authorised representative.

The above mentioned certificate and declaration shall be presented in the official language or languages of
the Member State in which the product is to be used.

ZA.3 CE marking and labelling


The manufacturer or his authorised representative established within the EEA is responsible for the affixing of
the CE marking. The CE marking symbol to affix shall be in accordance with Directive 93/68/EC and shall be
shown on the gully top or manhole top. The following information shall accompany the CE marking symbol on
the product:

 the identification number of the product certification body,

 the name or identifying mark of the producer or his representative established in the EEA,

 the last two digits of the year in which the marking was affixed.

The CE marking symbol shall also appear on the accompanying commercial document (e.g. a delivery note),
accompanied by the following information:

 the identification number of the product certification body,

 the name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer or his representative established in
the EEA,

 the last two digits of the year in which the marking was affixed,

 the number of the certificate of conformity,

 the number of this standard, EN 124,

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 a description of the product: name, material, dimensions and place of installation (Group, see Clause 5),

 information on those relevant characteristics of Table ZA.1 to be declared, as relevant (where a product
meets the threshold value, the manufacturer need not declare this, but may, and may also declare
performance above the threshold, if he wishes):

 load bearing capacity,

 child safety,

 skid resistance,

 durability (coating or protection, if relevant),

 “No performance determined” for characteristics where this is relevant.

Figure ZA.1 gives and example of the information to be given on the product; Figures ZA.2 give an example of
the information to be given on the accompanying commercial documents.

CE conformity marking, consisting of the “CE”-


symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC

0123 Identification number of the certification body

AnyCo Ltd Name or identifying mark of the producer


Last two digits of the year in which the marking was
04
affixed

Figure ZA.1 – Example CE marking information on the product

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CE conformity marking, consisting of the “CE” –


symbol given in Directive 93/68/EEC

Identification number of the certification body


0123
Name or identifying mark and registered address of
AnyCo Ltd, PO Box 21, B-1050
the producer
04
Last two digits of the year in which the marking was
0123-CPD-1234
affixed

Number of the certificate of conformity

EN 124
No. of European Standard
Gully top, flake graphite cast iron, 550 x 240 mm,
Group 3 Description of the product and installation
Information on regulated characteristics
Load bearing capacity Class C250

Child safety Locking device

Skid resistance NPD

Figure ZA.2 – Example CE marking information on the accompanying commercial documents

The NPD option may be used when and where the characteristic, for a given intended use, is not subject to
regulatory requirements in the Member State of destination. The NPD option may not be used, however,
where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level.

In addition to any specific information relating to dangerous substances shown above, the product should also
be accompanied, when and where required and in the appropriate form, by documentation listing any other
legislation on dangerous substances for which compliance is claimed, together with any information required
by that legislation.

NOTE European legislation without national derogations need not be mentioned.

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