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English for Academic Purpose


Describing a place
1. Say what it is and where it is
2. Say what it looks like
3. Say what its purpose is
4. Say why it is special and how you feel about it

Adjectives to describe places

amazing historic Parts of a town Kinds of urban area (city etc)
attractive huge (central) square capital (city)
awe-inspiring iconic city centre/ town centre commuter town/ satellite town
beautiful impressive financial district (small/ medium-sized/ large)
breath-taking infamous/ notorious historic centre town
broad/wide isolated housing estates/ council new town
busy magnificent estates regional capital/ state capital/
buzzing manic industrial estate county town
captivating medium-sized main street/ high street village/ hamlet
challenging memorable outskirts Places connected to water
congested modern suburb(s) (manmade) canal
convenient natural pedestrianised area/ traffic- (sandy/ pebbly/ rocky) beach/
cosmopolitan noisy free zone seaside
crowded peaceful reclaimed land bay/ (natural) harbour
dangerous picturesque residential area coast/ coastline
delightful polluted rundown area/ slum estuary
depressing quaint skyscraper district fountain
deserted relaxing surrounding area gulf
desolate remote shopping centre/ shopping inland
disappointing romantic mall island
distinctive rural (street/ flea/ farmers’/ lagoon
dramatic safe antiques/ traditional) market peninsular
dull scenic (area) pier/ jetty
enchanting sheltered Types and parts of plants pond/ lake/ reservoir
exceptional slow-paced blossom promenade/ esplanade
exciting stunning branch river/ stream
exposed (to the elements) tiny bush/ hedge riverside/ riverbank/ canal-side
famous traditional cactus seawall
fantastic unforgettable cereal shore
forgettable unspoilt crop waterfall
green urban root vegetable well
high-tech wild twig

Other positive words and Other negative words and Natural places/ Natural
expressions to describe expressions to describe features/ Parts of the
places places countryside
facilities dense vegetation (snow-capped) mountain/ lagoon
peace and quiet far from civilisation mountain range/ peak meadow
right in the middle of litter cape national park
everything traffic jam cave (sand) dune
rolling hills cliff plain
scenery desert plateau
sense of community farm valley
view field wildlife reserve
hill/ foothill/ slope wood/ forest/ woodland

 boarded up shops: shops bỏ trống, không còn hoạt động  pavement cafe: cà phê vỉa hè
 chain stores: chuỗi cửa hàng của những thương hiệu nổi  places of interest: địa điểm thu hút khách đến thăm quan
tiếng  poor housing: khu ở có điều kiện thấp
 to close down: ngừng hoạt động  public spaces: khu vực trong thành phố mở cửa công cộng
 fashionable boutiques: cửa hàng thời trang  public transport system: hệ thống giao thông công cộng
 to get around: đi dạo, đi vòng quanh  residential area: khu dân cư
 high-rise flats: tòa nhà cao tầng  run down: trong điều kiện tồi tàn, xuống cấp
 inner-city: trung tâm thành phố nơi có điều kiện sống  shopping centre: nơi tập trung nhiều cửa hàng
thiếu thốn  shopping malls: trung tâm mua sắm trong nhà
 in the suburbs: ngoại ô  sprawling city: thành phố phát triển, trải rộng, rực rỡ
 lively bars/restaurants: nhà hàng, quán bar sôi động  tourist attraction: địa điểm thu hút khách du lịch
 local facilities: cơ sở vật chất công cộng  traffic congestion: tắc nghẽn giao thông
 multi-story car parks: bãi đỗ xe có nhiều tầng  upmarket shops: những cửa hàng cao cấp, đắt tiền
 office block: tòa nhà văn phòng
 out of town shopping centre/retail park: trung tâm mua
sắm lớn nằm ngoài thành phố ves/places/words-for-describing-places.html