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Brazil

By: Audria Muscara


HIST 141 Dr. Arguello
Geography
 Brazil is the largest country in
South America and is over 3
million square miles in size.
 The capital of Brazil is
Brasilia and contains other
large well known states
including Rio de Janero, San
Paulo, and Salvador.
 Climates in Brazil vary. There
are the dense and tropical
Amazon basins in the
northern region, the semi arid
coastline, large grassland
areas, and dense wetlands
with extensive river systems.
Geography
 The Amazon River is the  Agriculture productivity is
largest river system in Brazil. usually pretty poor because
 The river extends 2,243 of high acidity and
miles and descends only
aluminum levels in the soil.
100 meters before letting
out.  90% of the country is in
tropical zone
 The country is divided into
5 sections with different
eco-systems. This includes
the North, Northeast,
South, Southeast, and
central west.
The People of Brazil
 Approximately 190 million people
inhabit Brazil.
 Most of the people live in the
Southeastern and Northeastern
regions.
 Most inhabitants are descendants
of the indigenous people,
Portuguese settlers, or African
slaves.
 Primary language of Brazilian is
Portuguese.
The People of Brazil
 Brazil is a highly diverse country made up of multiple
ethnic backgrounds.
 70% of all immigrants who came to Brazil were either
Portuguese or Italian.
 White Brazilian (brancos) make up 48% of the population,
blacks (negros) is 7%, brown or mixed (pardos) makes up
44%, asian (amarelos) is 1%, and the Amerindian (indios)
makes up <1% of the population.
Culture
 The Portuguese introduced the
language, catholic religion, and
architectural styles.
 Carnival- A large festival held 46
days before Easter which celebrates
the farewell to bad things prior to
Christ’s death and resurrection.
 Carnival is the largest celebrated
holiday in the country and the
festivities vary from region to region.
Culture
 Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in
Brazil. They have a record of 5 word cup
titles.
 Brazilian folklore which includes dances,
stories, legends and religious rituals
demonstrates the countries rich and diverse
culture. The folklore can be depicted in the
countries Carnival celebration.
 The music of Brazil is internationally
respected and it conveys a nation rich in art
and culture. Some music styles that Brazil The Samba
has mad famous include Samba (Afro-bahian
rhythms- largely seen during Carnival), Bossa
Nova (jazzy rock similar to Samba), and
Choro (classical/ballroom).
Brazil’s History
 In 1500, Portuguese explorer
Pedro Alvaras Cabral was the
first person to discover Brazil.
 It remained a colony of Portugal
until September 7, 1822. Brazil
declared it’s independence from
Portugal.
 Brazil was of little interest to Portugal because of the
profitable trade with India, China, and Indonesia.
 The land was given to Portuguese noblemen who were
followers of the crown.
 The Dutch attempted invading Brazil and for a long period
inhabited a large portion of the coast. After constantly being
under siege, the Dutch finally withdrew.
Brazil’s History
 Slavery fueled the Brazilian economy
and was essential in their sugar cane
production and mining.
 35% of all slaves exported in the
Atlantic slave trade were brought to
Brazil.
 After becoming an independent nation,
Brazil elected it’s first president
Deodoro da Fonseca.
 Brazil became a military dictatorship in
1964.
 It wasn’t until 1985 that Brazil returned
to civilian rule and elected Tancredo
Neves as president who died and was
replaced by vice president Jose Sarney.
Sources
 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazil
 http://www.brasil.gov.br