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By: Audria Muscara

HIST 141 Dr. Arguello
 Brazil is the largest country in
South America and is over 3
million square miles in size.
 The capital of Brazil is
Brasilia and contains other
large well known states
including Rio de Janero, San
Paulo, and Salvador.
 Climates in Brazil vary. There
are the dense and tropical
Amazon basins in the
northern region, the semi arid
coastline, large grassland
areas, and dense wetlands
with extensive river systems.
 The Amazon River is the  Agriculture productivity is
largest river system in Brazil. usually pretty poor because
 The river extends 2,243 of high acidity and
miles and descends only
aluminum levels in the soil.
100 meters before letting
out.  90% of the country is in
tropical zone
 The country is divided into
5 sections with different
eco-systems. This includes
the North, Northeast,
South, Southeast, and
central west.
The People of Brazil
 Approximately 190 million people
inhabit Brazil.
 Most of the people live in the
Southeastern and Northeastern
 Most inhabitants are descendants
of the indigenous people,
Portuguese settlers, or African
 Primary language of Brazilian is
The People of Brazil
 Brazil is a highly diverse country made up of multiple
ethnic backgrounds.
 70% of all immigrants who came to Brazil were either
Portuguese or Italian.
 White Brazilian (brancos) make up 48% of the population,
blacks (negros) is 7%, brown or mixed (pardos) makes up
44%, asian (amarelos) is 1%, and the Amerindian (indios)
makes up <1% of the population.
 The Portuguese introduced the
language, catholic religion, and
architectural styles.
 Carnival- A large festival held 46
days before Easter which celebrates
the farewell to bad things prior to
Christ’s death and resurrection.
 Carnival is the largest celebrated
holiday in the country and the
festivities vary from region to region.
 Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in
Brazil. They have a record of 5 word cup
 Brazilian folklore which includes dances,
stories, legends and religious rituals
demonstrates the countries rich and diverse
culture. The folklore can be depicted in the
countries Carnival celebration.
 The music of Brazil is internationally
respected and it conveys a nation rich in art
and culture. Some music styles that Brazil The Samba
has mad famous include Samba (Afro-bahian
rhythms- largely seen during Carnival), Bossa
Nova (jazzy rock similar to Samba), and
Choro (classical/ballroom).
Brazil’s History
 In 1500, Portuguese explorer
Pedro Alvaras Cabral was the
first person to discover Brazil.
 It remained a colony of Portugal
until September 7, 1822. Brazil
declared it’s independence from
 Brazil was of little interest to Portugal because of the
profitable trade with India, China, and Indonesia.
 The land was given to Portuguese noblemen who were
followers of the crown.
 The Dutch attempted invading Brazil and for a long period
inhabited a large portion of the coast. After constantly being
under siege, the Dutch finally withdrew.
Brazil’s History
 Slavery fueled the Brazilian economy
and was essential in their sugar cane
production and mining.
 35% of all slaves exported in the
Atlantic slave trade were brought to
 After becoming an independent nation,
Brazil elected it’s first president
Deodoro da Fonseca.
 Brazil became a military dictatorship in
 It wasn’t until 1985 that Brazil returned
to civilian rule and elected Tancredo
Neves as president who died and was
replaced by vice president Jose Sarney.