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Emilio F.

Aguinaldo

1st President of the Philippines


Term of Office: June 12, 1898 - April 1, 1901
Vice President: None
Birth: March 22, 1869
Place: Kawit, Cavite
Death: February 6, 1964
Emilio Aguinaldo (1869 – 1964)

The president of the first Philippine republic (1899). He started as a member


of the Magdalo Chapter of the Katipunan in Cavite, then was elected president
of the revolutionary government at the Tejeros Convention on March 22,1897,
and, later, Biak-na-Bato Republic. He proclaimed Philippine independence at
Kawit on June 12, 1898. His capture foreshadowed the end of large-scale
armed resistance to American rule.
Manuel L. Quezon

2nd President of the Philippines


Term of Office: November 15, 1935 - August 1, 1944
Vice President: Sergio Osmena
Birth: August 19, 1878
Place: Baler, Tayabas
Death: August 1, 1944
Manuel L. Quezon (1878-1944)

The first Filipino president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under American
rule. He was president of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. For advocating Filipino-
language amendments to the 1935 Constitution, he is known as the “Father of the
National Language.”
Jose P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines


Term of Office: October 14, 1943 - August 17, 1945
Vice President: None
Birth: March 9, 1891
Place: Tanauan, Batangas
Death: November 6, 1959
Jose P. Laurel (1891 – 1939)
President of the Second Republic from 1943 to 1945. He had been secretary of the
interior (1923), senator (1925 – 1931), delegate to the Constitutional Convention
(1934), and chief justice during the commonwealth. When World War II broke out,
he was instructed by Quezon to stay in Manila and deal with the Japanese to soften
the blow of enemy occupation. As president, he defended Filipino interests and
resisted Japanese efforts to draft Filipinos into the Japanese military service. Upon
return of the American forces, Laurel was imprisoned in Japan when Douglas
Macarthur occupied that country He was returned to the Philippines to face charges
of treason, but these were dropped when President Roxas issued an amnesty
proclamation. In the Third Republic, he was elected senator and negotiated the
Laurel-Langley Agreement.
Sergio S. Osmena

4th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: August 1, 1944 - May 28, 1946
Vice President: None
Birth: September 9, 1878
Place: Cebu City, Cebu
Death: October 19, 1961
Sergio Osmeña, Sr. (1878 – 1961)

The first Filipino national leader under the American regime as speaker of the
Philippine assembly and the second president of the Philippines (1944-1946).
Manuel A. Roxas

5th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: May 28, 1946 - April 15, 1948
Vice President: Elpidio Quirino
Birth: January 1, 1892
Place: Roxas City, Capiz
Death: April 15, 1948

Manuel Roxas (1892 – 1948)

The last president of the Philippine Commonwealth and the first president of the
republic (1946 – 1948).
Elpidio R. Quirino

6th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: April 18, 1948 - December 30, 1953
Vice President: Fernando Lopez
Birth: November 16, 1890
Place: Vigan, Ilocos Sur
Death: February 29, 1956
Elpidio Quirino (1890—1956)

President of the Philippines from 1948 to 1953. As vice president during Manuel
Roxas’s term, he was also secretary of foreign affairs. He became president when
Roxas died in 1948. He was elected president in his own right in 1949.
Ramon F. Magsaysay

7th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: December 30, 1953 - March 17, 1957
Vice President: Carlos Garcia
Birth: August 31, 1907
Place: Iba, Zambales
Death: March 17, 1957
Ramon Magsaysay (1907 – 1957)
President of the Philippines from 1953 to 1957. He had been President Quirino’s
secretary of defense who was instrumental is suppressing the HUK rebellion. As
president, he persuaded Congress to pass the Agricultural Tenancy Act (1954). It
was during his term that the Retail Trade Nationalization Act was passed. He
secured revisions in the Bell Trade Act and was the first president to revise the US
Military Bases agreement to bring it more in line with Philippine interests.
Carlos P. Garcia

8th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: March 23, 1957 - December 30, 1961
Vice President: Diosdado Macapagal
Birth: November 4, 1896
Place: Talibon, Bohol
Death: June 14, 1971
Carlos P. Garcia (1896 – 1971)
President of the Philippines from 1957 to 1961. Remembered for his Filipino
First Policy. He was among the founders of the Association for Southeast Asia
(1963), the precursor of the Association for Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN).
Diosdado P. Macapagal

9th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: December 30, 1961 - December 30, 1965
Vice President: Emmanuel Pelaez
Birth: September 28, 1910
Place: Lubao, Pampanga
Death: April 21, 1997
Diosdado Macapagal (1910 – 1997)
President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965. He asked Congress
to pass the Agricultural Land Reform Code, which abolished share tenancy and
installed a leasehold system in its place; it finally passed on August 8, 1963. This
was a significant step toward resolving the agrarian problem. It was during his
presidency that Independence Day was moved from July 4 to June 12, the date
when General Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence in Cavite.
Ferdinand E. Marcos

10th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: December 30, 1965 - February 25, 1986
Vice President: Fernando Lopez (1965-1972), Arturo Tolentino (1986)
Birth: September 11, 1917
Place: Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
Death: September 28, 1989

Ferdinand Marcos (1917 – 1989)


President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. Declared martial law on September
21, 1972. After the People Power revolution in February 1986, he was ousted from
power and lived in exile in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Corazon C. Aquino

11th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: February 25, 1986 - June 30, 1992
Vice President: Salvador Laurel
Birth: January 25, 1933
Place: Manila
Death: August 1, 2009
Corazon Cojuangco Aquino (1933 – )
President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. With Salvador Laurel as running
mate, she led the opposition that overthrew the authoritarian government of Marcos,
who went into exile after the successful People’s Power revolution of 1986. She first
established a revolutionary government under the Freedom Constitution, later
replaced by the Constitution of 1987, which served as the basis for reestablishing
democracy
Fidel V. Ramos

12th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: June 30, 1992 - June 30, 1998
Vice President: Joseph Estrada
Birth: March 18, 1928
Place: Lingayen, Pangasinan
Death: Still Living
Fidel V. Ramos (1928 – )
President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1997. As head of the Constabulary
under President Marcos, he was instrumental in helping to design and
implement martial law. Together with General Ponce Enrile and the RAM, he
defected from the government in 1986 and joined the People’s Power
revolution that ousted Marcos from power. His presidency is remembered for
better integrating the national economy in the global scheme.
Joseph E. Estrada

13th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: June 30, 1998 - January 20, 2001
Vice President: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Birth: April 19, 1937
Place: Tondo, Manila
Death: Still Living
Joseph Estrada (1937 – )
President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001. During his term in office, he was
arrested and stood trial at a congressional impeachment hearing on charges of
accepting bribes and corruption. While this trial was aborted when the senators
voted 11 to 10 not to open incriminating evidence against him, he was ousted from
power anyway as a peaceful People’s Power II revolution arose and called for his
resignation
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

14th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: January 20, 2001 - June 30, 2010
Vice President: Teofisto Guingona (2001-2004), Noli de Castro (2004-
2010)
Birth: April 5, 1947
Place: San Juan, Metro Manila
Death: Still Living
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (1947 – )
President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2004. She served as vice president under
President Estrada and became president when he was forced to step down for
malfeasance, through the People’s Power II revolution. PGMA has confronted some
of the same obstacles as did her father, President Diosdado Macapagal, when he
tried to clean up corruption in government. Her government continues enjoy political
legitimacy in the face of opposition.
Benigno Aquino III

15th President of the Philippines


Term of Office: June 30, 2010 - Present
Vice President: Jejomar Binay (2010-Present)
Birth: February 8, 1960
Place: Manila
Death: Still Living

Benigno Aquino III (1960 – )


President of the Philippines from 2010 to 2016. Was elected to a six-year term in
May 2010.
Rodrigo Duterte

16th President of the Philippines


Incumbent
Assumed office
June 30, 2016
Vice President Leni Robredo
Preceded by Benigno Aquino III
Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2013 – June 30, 2016
Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte
Preceded by Sara Duterte
Succeeded by Sara Duterte
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Vice Mayor Luis Bonguyan
Sara Duterte
Preceded by Benjamin de Guzman
Succeeded by Sara Duterte
In office
February 2, 1988 – March 19, 1998
Vice Mayor Dominador Zuño (Acting)
Luis Bonguyan
Benjamin de Guzman
Preceded by Jacinto Rubillar
Succeeded by Benjamin de Guzman
Vice Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2013
Mayor Sara Duterte
Preceded by Sara Duterte
Succeeded by Paolo Duterte
In office
May 2, 1986 – November 27, 1987
Officer in Charge
Mayor Zafiro Respicio
Preceded by Cornelio Maskariño
Succeeded by Gilbert Abellera
Rodrigo Duterte (1945 – )

Current president of the Philippines. Was elected to a six-year term in May 2016. Took
office on June 30. Known by the nickname Digong. A lawyer and politician of Visayan
descent from the southern island of Mindanao.

In the first four months of his term, President Duterte has made impressive progress in
asserting Philippine sovereignty and dignity in the international arena, in aligning the
country with Asian values instead of Hollywood-manufactured cultural norms, in the fight
against drugs, in uplifting the status of indigenous peoples and of our Muslim brothers in the
south, in putting an end to endo, in putting on notice corrupt government officials, and in
securing fishing privileges for Filipinos in waters that China has been claiming as its own.
He has also secured financial support from Japan and promises from Russia.
Proyekto
Sa
Araling Panlipunan
(Ang mga Pangulo ng Pilipinas)

Ipinasa ni:

Mariane G. Delos Santos

Ipinasa kay:

Roda Arevalo