You are on page 1of 4

1.

In a cross between a homozygous dominant parent and homozygous recessive parent ,


the number of phenotypic classes observed in offspring is?
1

2.nuclecic acids are polymers made up of which of the following monomers ?


Nucleotides

3.A parent cell divides to from two genetically identical daughter cell in the process of
mitosis.
The parent cell must be replicated its entire genome prior mitosis.

4.A nucleotide is made up of which of the following subunits?


5-carbon sugar , three phosphate groups and nitrogenous base

5.Chromatin is ?
The DNA protein complex that make up eukaryotes chromosomes

6. ___________is used to describe the descendants of one individual ?


Pedegree

7. The sequence of bases of a molecular mRNA is converted into its corresponding amino
acids sequence during ?
Translation

8.What dictated the primary structure of nucleic acids?


The double helix

9.Which of the followings is not a different between RNA and mRNA?


One is made of nucleotide monomers and the other one is not

10.Meiosis II is similar to mitosis in that ?


Sister chromatids separated separate anaphase

11.What major event occur during anaphase of mitosis?


Sister chromatids separate , forming independent chromosomes

12.Meiosis consist of how many nuclear divisions?


2
13.Where does translation takes place?
In the cytoplasm

14.The enzymatic copying of DNA is termed?


Replication

15.A genetically important event called crossing over occurs during?


Prophase I

16.The nuclear membrane has to disappear in order to what to take place?


Attachment of mitotic spindle to kinetochores

17. In a dihybrid cross , the ratio 9:3:3:1 indicates


Independent assortment

18.A key different between mitosis and meiosis ?


Synapsis of homologous chromosomes in meiosis

19.The first Gap in the cell cycle (G1) Corresponds to ?


Normal growth and functioning

20.Replication of the Genome occurs in which phase of the cell cycle?


S

21.which scientist was not directly involved in the discovery of DNA structure
Sydney Altman

22.What is the different between a ribonucleotide and Deoxyribonuclotode?


Ribonucleotides has a hydroxyl group on the 2’carbon of their sugar subunit

23. At what stage in meiosis is chromosome number typically reduced from 2n to n?


Meiosis I

24.A cell with its chromosomes line up across the middle of the cell in?
Metaphase

25. What is responsible of holding the two strands together in the DNA double helix?
Hydrogen Bonds

26.Mating two organisms produces a 3:1 ratio of phenotype in progeny. The parental
genotype are?
Aa x Aa
27. Homologous chromosomes move opposite poles of a dividing cell during?
Mitosis

28.which of the following bases are purines?


Adenine and Guanine

29.Mitosis is the process of chromosomes separation. Cytoplasm divided between the two
daughter cell in the process known as?
Cytokinesis

30.The process by which genetic information in transferred from DNA to RNA is called?
Transcription

31.DNA is composed of four nucleotides: Adenine , Cytosine , Thymine and Guanosine. If a


scientist introduced radioactive thymine in the growth medium of the cells, it would be
incorporated into the DNA molecule ?
During DNA replication

32.In eukaryotes ,where does transcription takes place?


In the nucleus

33.What is the fundamental different between mitosis and meiosis?


The amount of genetics material per cell is cut in half in meiosis but remains the same in
mitosis.

The cell cycle (look online)

Interphase
G1: Growth and development
S: Each chromosome duplicate( after S phase the number of chromosomes stays the same (4)
but the number of DNA molecules Double (8) Dna molecules.
G2:Biochemical necessary for cell division occur . At the end of G2 the cell is ready to divide.

M phase
Prophase :
-Mitosis and Cytokines
4 chromosomes
4 DNA molecules
Chapter 1
A genome is a complete set of genetic instructions for any organism

-Somatic cells are diploid, i.e. they contain two copies of each chromosome
Humans-23 pairs
1 paternal set (from father)
1 maternal set (from mother)

-Gametic number is the number of chromosomes found in the gamete of an individual, and is
symbolized by “n”
-Somatic number is “2n”