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Section 3: Reading Comprehension

10th Grade- SAT PREP: Reading and Writing

Lessons and Activities
Importance of Reading Comprehension
 The ability to read is crucial for success in our information-
driven society, a fact underscored by the prominence of
reading on standardized tests.
 Virtually every standardized test has a “Reading
Comprehension” or “Verbal Section” that focuses largely on
reading skills.
 Not only is a student’s ability clearly indicated on the reading
portions of tests, it is also indirectly shown on all of the other
Traits of Good Readers
 Most good readers read many  Most good readers use context
different kinds of stories, articles, clues to figure out the meaning of
and poems. They read books, new words.
magazines and newspapers.  Most good readers look at three,
 Most good readers read every day. four, or more words at once when
 Most good readers enjoy reading they read. They do not look at one
material that challenges them. word at a time.
 Most good readers ask themselves  Most good readers enjoy discussing
questions about the material they books and articles with their
are reading. Then try to find the friends.
answers to their questions as they  Most good readers have favorite
read. (annotations) authors.
 Most good readers reflect on what  Most good readers look for books
they read. They compare new in libraries and bookstores. Many
information with what they already even search the Internet for hard-
know and then draw conclusions. to-find books they have heard
The SQ3R System for Reading
 S: Survey
 Survey, or preview, the material you are about to read.You should note titles,
subtitles, illustrations, photographs, tables, and charts. Try to get an idea about
the material before you start reading.
 Q: Question
 As you are surveying, think of questions you have about the material. Consider
what you already know about the material and what you would like to learn.
Write down your questions. If your teacher has given you questions, think
about how you might answer them.
 3R: Read, Recite, Review
 Read-try to find answers to your questions
 Recite-when you find the answer, pause and repeat the answer, write it
down—all of this will help you remember the answer
 Review-after reading, go over material once more, look for answers and
double-check facts
Understanding Context Clues 1
 1. The pedagogue stood before the class and assigned the questions on page
234 of the textbook for homework.
 Principal teacher correspondent physician
 2. The magician’s skill at legerdemain caused his audience to gasp in wonder
throughout the show.
 Vocalization illumination trickery subversion
 3. The lingering illness enervated Theresa, resulting in a lengthy period of
 Embroiled exhilarated energized weakened
 4. The constant struggle for survival on the frontier inured people to danger.
 Accustomed safeguarded revealed enhanced
 5. Although the snake appeared to be dangerous, it was innocuous.
 Poisonous harmless virulent intrepid
 6. Having fought bravely in his first battle, the young knight proved his
 Award courage foolishness sincerity
Understanding Context Clues 2
 7. An obstreperous child, the little boy was almost always up to mischief.
 Unruly impressive incommunicable interesting
 8. A preeminent inventor with more that 50 patents, Mr. Durham spoke to the class
about the value of imagination and hard work.
 Courageous doubtful novice distinguished
 9. The incessant pounding of the jackhammer all day long made Roger cranky by dinner
 Intermittent negligible continuous muffled
 10. Tara listened in incredulity to Sam’s silly tale of a UFO landing on the high school
soccer field last night.
 Disbelief horror astonished shock
 11. As she reviewed her notes for her history paper, Isabel focused her topic and
separated the extraneous facts from those that were relevant.
 Needed confusing unnecessary connected
 12. Valerie was willing to drive 10 miles out of her way to circumvent the road
construction that was causing traffic tie-ups on her usual way home.
 Reduce charge confound avoid