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Sentence Structure: Clause

Name: ____________________________________

In this unit, you will study the following topics:

 Independent clauses  Compound sentences  Subordinating


 Dependent clauses  Coordinating conjunctions conjunctions
 Sentence fragments  Complex sentences  Run-on sentences
 Simple sentences  Fragment sentences

Dependent vs. Independent Clauses

What is an independent Clause?

Example:

*When an independent clause starts with a ______________________ and ends with a


____________________, it is a _______________________.

Example:

What is a dependent clause?

Example:

*A dependent clause that begins with a capital letter and ends with a punctuation mark is
also known as a __________________________________.

*Dependent clauses begins with a _____________________________.

Examples:

How can a dependent clause become a proper sentence?

How does a dependent clause use punctuation to become a proper sentence?


Sentence Structure: Types of Sentences & Conjunctions
Name: _______________________________

A simple sentence contains one independent clause.

Example: The brown fox jumped over the fence.

Create your own examples:

1.

2.

3.

A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined together by a


coordinating conjunction. (FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
For: Shows reasons or purpose (because), introduces a cause

And: Links/connects two or more ideas

Nor: Shows a non-contrasting, negative idea. Adds more negativity.

But: Used to join two items that contradict each other

Or: Shows choice or options/

Yet: Shows contrast or exception. “but at the same time”

So: Shows consequence/effect.

Example: The brown fox jumped over the fence, and the white bunny followed.

Create your own example for each coordinating conjunction:

1. __________________________________________________________________________________

2. __________________________________________________________________________________

3. __________________________________________________________________________________

4. __________________________________________________________________________________

5. __________________________________________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________________________________________________

7. __________________________________________________________________________________

Each clause is independent because they each contain their own subject and predicate.
Each clause can stand alone as a proper sentence. They are connected by a coordinating
conjunction, which is always introduced using a comma.
A complex sentence contains one independent clause joined to a dependent clause by a
subordinating conjunction.

(AAAWWUUBBISS: after, although, as, when, while, until, unless, before, because, if,
since, so)

*There are more than just these examples.

Examples: The brown fox jumped over the fence while the white bunny followed him.

This sentence contains one independent clause and dependent clause joined together by a

subordinating conjunction.

*If a dependent clause comes before the independent clause, the dependent clause is
followed by a comma.

Create your own examples:

1. __________________________________________________________________________________

2. __________________________________________________________________________________

3. __________________________________________________________________________________

4. __________________________________________________________________________________

5. __________________________________________________________________________________

6. __________________________________________________________________________________

7. __________________________________________________________________________________
Run-On Sentences
Name: _____________________________________

A run-on sentence is two or more sentences that are improperly run together into one
sentence.

You can correct a run-on sentence by:

 separating each thought into a sentence of its own (simple sentence)


 making it into a compound sentence
 making it into a complex sentence

Example: Uncle Frank is a writer Aunt Jill is one too.

Correction 1:

Correction 2:

Correction 3:

Create your own run-on sentence.

Run-on:

Correction 1:

Correction 2:

Correction 3:

Challenge! Create a sentence that meets each of the following criteria.

1. Simple sentence with a compound subject.

2. Simple sentence with a compound predicate.

3. Compound sentence with a compound subject.

4. Compound sentence with a compound predicate.

5. Complex sentence with a compound subject.

6. Complex sentence with a compound predicate.