‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston, 24th July -10th August, 2009

Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 1

Ibn Mubarak was once asked an interesting question: If you die and Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) gives you a chance to come back to life, then what would you come back to do? He said, “Seeking knowledge.” Learning is a great ni’ma that Allah put the love for learning in your heart. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) intends good for, He will guide him/her to understand the religion.” There is no way to understand the religion without learning it. Shaykh Waleed will be teaching 3 subjects: Torch Bearers, Fiqh al Adhkar, and Usool Al Aqidah. The reason for choosing this topic: A student of knowledge needs adhkar and du’a the same way water and food is needed every day. Without dhikr of Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) and learning the dhikr of Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) and being among adh-dhakireen, you will never be among the students of knowledge and will never learn the Shari’ah. It is one of the foundations of ilm in order for you to be able to carry the responsibility of knowledge. Nothing can make you strong to carry the responsibility unless you learn dhikr and how to make du’a in the way of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Many of us do not invest time in learning the du’a of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). We are fascinated with the du’a of normal people. Not many people try to learn what the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said and which supplications he used and memorize the du’a he used. If you want the road to success in the duniyah and the akhirah, you need to learn about the subject and transfer it from theoretical to practical. Start memorizing some of the adhkar. Ibn Al Qayyim said, “I was always surprised by the strength of Ibn Taymiyyah. It amazed me how much strength and eman he had.” One day he asked Ibn Taymiyyah about his ability to do all of this, and the Shaykh Al Islam said that the supplication / adhkar he said everyday in the morning and the night are what gave him the strength to write, read, teach, and debate to the extent that one time one of his students said that Ibn Taymiyyah would sit making adhkar from after fajr until close to dhuhr time, and he asked him if he did this every day. Ibn Taymiyyah replied that without it, he could not function. Seeking knowledge is all about knowing Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) and connecting with Allah (subhana wa ta'ala). How can you as a student of knowledge connect people to Allah while you yourself are not connected to Allah (subhana wa ta'ala)? The connection is two ways. All connections are two ways. From Allah to us is the Quran, and from us to Allah are the dhikr and the du’a. If one of them is missing, then the entire connection falls apart. Chapter 1: Thikr and Its Rulings 1. What is the meaning of dhikr linguistically and technically? Why is the definition important?  The word linguistically can have one meaning and technically have another meaning. For example: zakat and salat have one meaning linguistically and another meaning technically. Zakat linguistically means increasing and technically means giving a portion of money specified by the Shari’ah at a certain time to certain people.

‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston, 24th July -10th August, 2009

Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 2

The word itself can have several meanings in the language. The word can have meaning at certain times in history, and that meaning may be changed in another time. For example: the word ‘hour (sa’)’ was used by the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to refer to a short period of time, and now, an hour means 60 minutes. It is important to know the original meaning of the word.

Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) said, “Ask the people of dhikr if you do not know.” Allah (subhana wa ta'ala) said, “We have sent down the dhikr.” Dhikr originally comes from the word dha-ka-ra. Linguistically, dhikr is to remember something and not to forget. Is remembering something an action of the tongue or the action of the heart? The heart. Dhikr starts from the heart, and when you think about something a lot, then you start talking about it. If something occupies your mind, then you start talking about it. Dhikr is something that you remember and do not forget. Dhikr in Arabic language is used to refer to something honorable. You remember the honorable and important things. Generally, you remember something that has value. There is nothing more valuable than Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) and what is related to Him. In Surah Saad verse 1, Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) mentions this: “The Quran has a high place…” Technical definition: Dhikr has almost ten meanings in the Quran and Sunnah. Dhikr means: good deeds, dhikr is that which is said by the tongue: remembering Allah and pronouncing it, thinking about Allah in your heart, memory (when you memorize something, you are making dhikr), reminder, Honor, Al Quran, At Torah, Safe Tablet, five prayers, one prayer, Tawheed, Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was named: al mudhakir (the reminder) Imam An Nawawi said: By analyzing the technical evidence from the Quran and Sunnah, dhikr is that which is remembered in the heart and said by the tongue. Technically, it is to remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) by thinking about Him or mentioning His Names and Attributes or mentioning Him. Many scholars said that dhikr is not by tongue or heart. If it is only mentioned by the tongue and not the heart, then it is not dhikr. One of the scholars said: If we need to make istighfar for our istighfar, then only Allah is the One who can deal with us with His mercy.

2. What are the types of Dhikr that one can make to remember Allah? Three different types:  Remembering and mentioning Allah by His Names and Attributes by two ways: 1) Praising the Names and Attributes of Allah. Example: saying subhanAllah, alhumdulillah, Allahu akbar. 2) Telling people about it and the meaning of His Names and Attributes.

‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston, 24th July -10th August, 2009

Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 3

You always praise Allah and always mention the great qualities of Allah. From a hadeeth of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) says that when someone says Ar Rahman Ar Raheem, Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) says that His slave has praised Him.  Remember the rulings and orders of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). (What He loves / hates and likes / dislikes). 1) Telling people about it. The shaykh / mufti / ‘alim are called the people of dhikr because they remind people of what Allah loves and hates and what Allah wants us to do and does not want us to do. (Majalis adh-dhikr – the gathering of dhikr) A great scholar said: The gathering of dhikr is the place where people study the halal and haraam. Abu Su’ad used to sit with young people and study knowledge, and one young man said to him, “Why are we going to make dhikr? How are we going to make it? We say subhanAllah…” He replied that teaching is making dhikr. When we read hadeeth, the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that angels pass by gatherings of knowledge. 2) Remember the rulings yourself when they are needed. When you see what is haraam, you remember what Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said about it. For example: remembering it is salah time or time to fast.  Remembering Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) in the time of calamities or when you see the uniqueness of His creation. This is dhikr of Allah by looking at the bounties that Allah has bestowed upon us. When good things happen, you remember that it is all from Allah. When bad things happen, you remember that it is a test from Allah and related to qadr. This will lead us to being patient and grateful to Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) (having sabr wa shukr at the same time).

3. How many categories are there for the verbal Dhikr that a Muslim can make throughout the day? They are classified into two categories:  Reported dhikr from the Quran and Sunnah. Examples: reciting certain surahs. You must read Surah Al Fatihah in salah. What to say in tashahhud and adhan. a. Restricted by time, situation, number, or location. For example: the morning / night, in a time of happiness / sadness, time of calamity. Reciting something 33 times. b. General / unrestricted. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Remember Allah as much as you want.” Read Quran as much as you want.  What the Muslims initiate on their own from dhikr. Not reported in the Quran and Sunnah. For example: making your own words of dhikr. Making a certain du’a or supplication.

There are guidelines for both of these categories in order for them to be acceptable. Not everything in the Quran and Sunnah can be done the way you want, and similarly not everything you initiate can be done in the way you want.

There are general etiquettes of du’a that should be kept in mind. Abu Khalid was a cancer patient in Houston. he asked his son to lead the prayer. Know that the Shari’ah wants you to say the adhkar with the exact wording without making any changes. One thing that will make us care more about the dhikr is to know about the rulings. He called the adhaan as if he was in Makkah. One of the brothers in Qabeelat Haadi spoke about his father-in-law.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. he became very sick and was in a coma before dying. Everyday during the time of adhaan. it was as if she was smoothly transferred to the grave and carried by something else. As his cancer developed. Abdul Aziz said that in Makakh there was a woman who always made tawaaf and would stay for a long time making dhikr after fajr. Verbal dhikr can be categorized into two categories: 1) reported and 2) initiated by the person himself. What are the guidelines that must be followed in regards to the non-narrated Adhkar (i. it would go back to the same position. and his entire family is mu’adhineen in Makkah. He said that he was there witnessing her funeral. 4. he would start saying the adhaan in a very soft voice. Before his death. and when people were about to place her in her grave. A shaykh once visited a hospital and saw a man in a coma who was making tasbeeh. and it was the way he was placed in his grave. then we should follow this.000 tasbeeh. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) ordered us to say adhaan in a certain way. For example: the du’a for traveling. When a person used to make something a lot in the duniyah. The reported is restricted or unrestricted. It was a smooth transition. After he called the adhaan. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 4 Khalid ibn Maddan used to make tasbeeh everyday 40. 24th July -10th August. He prayed dhuhr and then died.e. this is what he will continue doing until death. What are the guidelines that must be followed in regards to the narrated (Prophetic) Adhkar?   This dhikr must be established by a correct evidence: clear text from the Quran or a hadeeth from the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) We should follow what the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told us in regards to it. he was in a coma for several days. If the Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) or the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) restricted dhikr for a certain time. Dhikr of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) is a guarantee to end your life while doing good deeds. he would make adhaan regularly even when he was in a wheelchair.   5. For almost 15 years. Respect the guidelines. The person who washed his body after his death said that his finger was showing as if he was making tasbeeh. adhkar that are initiated by the Muslim worshipper? . He woke up around 10 / 10:30 and called all of his family and kept asking if dhuhr time had begun. Follow what is restricted. Whenever he stretched the finger. He was in Egypt and retired and lived his life with honesty and being nice to people. This is not considered to be an accurate number. but it was how much it was estimated.

then it can become a bid’ah because it is restricted by time and situation and place and number.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) admitted that he cannot make dhikr on his own better than Allah (subhanahu wata'ala).” Those in the history of Islam who made their own adkhar and selections and wordings established tareeka like in Sufism. Who is better – you or Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)? Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). you realize that if you do not say something from the Quran and Sunnah.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. If you keep doing this and becomes a habit. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “O Allah. If you want to initiate your own dhikr to remember and praise Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) with. Therefore. They end up practicing what they made from their own and leaving what the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) ordained for us. 24th July -10th August. The meaning must be perfect. They formulate a way of understanding the religion and isolate themselves from the rest of the ummah. ask yourself: Who do you think knows Allah better? Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). including dhikr of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). You cannot make your own names for Allah.” The religion is perfect and complete. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) meant in number. then you are entering a dangerous zone. For example. Therefore. You cannot make this as a dhikr or use a Name not from the Quran or Sunnah. In Surah Bayyinah: “…have been ordered to worship Allah alone…” Should not be restricted unless it is mentioned in the Quran or Sunnah. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “…And Allah will guide me that day to praise Him with certain supplications that I do not know now. it should not take you away from what the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to do. Khuda is not a Name of Allah. Praise of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) must be done in the proper way. if you are making your own dhikr. If you make your own wird. The Shaytan convinces them that their own dhikr is the reason why they find it. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 5  We all agree that the Shari’ah is perfect. Some people make their own dhikr when they lose something. quality. and the Shari’ah has covered all of the needs of humans. If every time you see the Ka’bah you say a certain thing. if someone says: the one who doesn’t fight. You cannot say dhikr which has any kind of intentional or unintentional disrespect for Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said to Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam): “Today. Dhikr cannot contain any weird languages with unknown meanings. and words in his statement. the one who doesn’t steal… This is a very low description and is not acceptable. I have perfected your religion. This dhikr should indicate good news. I cannot praise You as You have praised Yourself. then you are saying something less.    The guidelines: It should be for Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). then it is an innovation in religion. It is then entering the area of bid’ah. - - . The Shari’ah has placed emphasis on dhikr and covered the subject in details.

you are worshipping Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). It is better than fighting the enemy in battle and dying as shaheed. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) says.” What does this du’a contain? They are asking for the Knowledge of Allah. 24th July -10th August.” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) mentions this so that we have fear in our heart of the Hellfire. Dhikr cannot contain any form of transgression. We ask you to be able to praise you in a way no praise similar to it has been used.” Hadeeth in Tirmidhi: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. enter . What is the importance of making dhikr in the life of a Muslim? It is one of the most important good deeds a Muslim can do in the day and night. A hadeeth reported by Al Bayhaqi: “There is no hour (short period of time) that passes by in this worldly life in which you do not remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) in it unless you will regret it on the Day of Judgment. We are all creation of Allah. he remembers his family a lot. make dhikr of Allah a lot. and the seventy. 41: “O you who believe. Allah prepared for them a lot of forgiveness and a great reward. Ask yourself: do you remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) a lot? If you want to test yourself. They are asking by their prophet and transgressing in du’a. and the four. “Do you want to know the best deeds that you can do and the most purified and the one that will raise your level in Paradise? It is better than spending silver and gold for the sake of Allah. and the eight. but we want to love you for nothing. males and females. On Arafat. 200. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 6 - When making dhikr. It is dhikr of Allah. sitting.” This is an order and not an option. 6. 35] We have been ordered to do dhikr of Allah while performing acts of worship. there are clouds above them and beneath them. We ask you to give us knowledge beyond which there is no knowledge.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “The mufaridoon will be ahead of everyone else on the Day of Judgment. “Those who remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) while standing. Surah Al Ahzab v. Transgressions in du’a. “Remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) as much as you remember your family…” When a person goes for Hajj. We ask you to have the ability to know the secrets. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) in the Quran in Surah Az Zumar said: “In Hellfire. lying down. and by the honor of the two.” [Sahih Muslim] They will be the first to cross the bridge. We ask you to perfect us in a way no one has reached. the guided prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). make sure the meanings are perfect and general without any negative connotation. In Surah Al Baqara v.” [Surah Al Ahzab v. “We ask your love not for anything and not to gain anything and not because we are interested in anything.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. reach the pool. In this du’a they are saying that they do not fear anything. There is no creation that can enforce anything over Allah. record everything that you have said all day. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said. We ask you by our ustadh and Muhammad. The Sufis believe that Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) gives four / six / eight people who run the world and give people provisions and order the angels and control everything.

Dhikr of Allah is one of the signs of sincerity. 205: “Allah forbids you from doing what is indecent. “Remember Me so that I will mention you. When you finish Hajj. but dhikr of Allah is higher than that (i.” [Al Baqara v.” By not making dhikr you are like the dead person. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) will mention him in a better gathering.” [Al Ahzab v. remember Allah so much.” Those who make dhikr are benefited the most in this worldly life. Those who do this are amongst the losers.” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said that He will remember those who remember Him. “The example of the person who remembers Allah a lot and the person who does not is like the living and the dead. do not be busy with your children. The Prophet Yahya told the Bani Isra’il (hadeeth in Sahih Muslim): He gathered all of the children of Israel and said to them that the example of them and the Shaytan is like someone who found his enemy outside in the field and he tried to capture him and he closes the gate of the castle. Mention Me so that I will mention you. study and forget to make dhikr. 24th July -10th August. Imam Al Qayyim in an excellent book wrote about the benefits of dhikr and mentioned more than 70 benefits that can be gained from dhikr of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). 10: “After salah. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. “They are the males and females who remember Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) a lot.” A man came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and said that he was confused and asked about a deed he could do all of the time. “O you who believe. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. The castle for us is the dhikr of Allah and the protection from the Shaytan.” If you do not move your tongue a lot. your mouth becomes dry. “O you who believe. The entire Quran is dhikr of Allah. wealth. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) in the Quran ordered us to make dhikr. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said: “Dhikr of Allah brings tranquility / strength / aids your heart. and when you break your fast. you make dhikr. 31: Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) described the believers males and females and said that the losers are the ones who do not make dhikr.e. . Surah Al Jumu’ah v. you make dhikr. Dhikr of Allah is a protection from Shaytan.” Al Bukhari reported that Abu Musa Al Ashari said the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. 90-91: “The signs in the earth and heavens will be beneficial to those who remember Allah. Surah Al Imran v. 152] The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) mentioned this also in a hadeeth: “whoever mentions Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) in a gathering.” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said that Al Quran is dhikr.” The higher goal is to become closer to Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). go everywhere but remember Allah as much as you can. just abstaining from haraam. you make dhikr. glorify and make tasbeeh in the morning and the day. Al Ahzab v. Surah Al Ankaboot v. family. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 7 Jannah. “Don’t be like those who forgot about Allah…” [Al Hashr 19] Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) told us that success is connected to dhikr in Surah Al Jumu’ah v. Dhikr helps us to strengthen our eman.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. 10. 41-43] Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) forbade us to forget about dhikr. After salat. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) ordered us when we do good deeds to end the good deeds with dhikr. “Keep your tongue moist / constant with the dhikr of Allah.

After finishing the salah. “Whoever says subhanAllah wa bihamdi 100 times every day.” [Authentic by Al Albani] It is very easy. This is generally speaking. He will mention you. then it is enough to do dhikr all of the time. is it better to recite the Quran or to recite ‘subhanAllah’ 33 times? Recite ‘subhanAllah’ 33 times. It makes you happy / optimistic / have strength in your eman. dhikr is much better than du’a. He praises you and mentions you. I will give him whatever he asks for. Examples: Qira’at al Quran is the best dhikr. Dhikr causes Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) to mention you twice: If you mention Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). 122: example of the one who is dead and the one who is alive with light who is the person who makes dhikr of Allah. look at the different perspectives. 24th July -10th August. It takes care of your sins. However. Dhikr is light for you in the duniyah. A person never gets tired of using the tongue. Ibn Al Qayyim said that if this is the only benefit of dhikr. meaning that He mentioned you. what is better may be something else. Surah Al An’am v. Is it better to occupy oneself with dhikr or making du’a? There is a hadeeth reported by At Tirmidhi: Abu Sa’id Al Khudri said the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever occupies himself with dhikr. but if the shirt is dirty. and after you make it. Ibn Al Qayyim said he was once asked by Ibn Taymiyyah if tasbeeh or istighfaar is better? Ibn Al Qayyim told him: I have a shaykh of mine who said. The tongue can move all of the time. Dhikr for the heart is like water for the fish.” Ibn Taymiyyah smiled and said. When you compare between things. but the reward is so great. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 8 7. Ibn Al Qayyim said it is before you make dhikr because Allah has guided you to make it. “I don’t know of any deeds the son of Adam can do to protect from the Hellfire most other than the dhikr of Allah. It brings tranquility to the heart. Allah mentions you before you make dhikr and after you make dhikr. the heart will die.” This is a weak narration and not authentic.” Dhikr of Allah will result in palm trees being planted for you in Jannah. “But the shirt always needs to be cleaned because the human can never be free from sins. Without it. it is important to know rules. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said.      . It is easy and the reward is unbelievable. Dhikr in general is better than du’a because reading Quran is dhikr. Dhikr is at a higher level. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. then perfume is better.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. ‘which is more important to the shirt: to clean it with soap or to put perfume in it?’ If the shirt is clean. What are the benefits of being constant in making adhkar?     It keeps the Shaytan away as the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said.” 8. Whenever deciding between which is better. What is better when making ruku’: saying the dhikr or reciting Quran? The dhikr because you are not allowed to recite Quran. In certain times. then wash it first. then his sins will melt even if it is as much as the foam of the sea. Say bismillah before you do things.

  . to say subhanAllah 33 times. If you recite ayat al kursi after each salah. If you teach yourself to do this all of the time. We do not know the benefit of the dhikr. ignorance when it comes to knowing the reward. It will increase our eman and decrease our sins. Many of us say the adhkaar without knowing what it means. If you do not know the meaning of what you say. If you do not memorize dhikr. Abdullah ibn Rawahib. Dhikr of Allah helps you to protect your tongue from saying evil things. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Any people who gather together and leave without making dhikr of Allah will regret this gathering on the Day of Judgment. Ibn Masood said he would say ‘subhanAllah’ several times and it was better for him than giving money. Laziness. Dhikr of Allah is healing. nameemah. but the hypocrites did not.       What makes us miss the adhkar?  Ignorance. The Shaytan makes it seem like a big deal. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told Fatima. and Allahu Akbar 34 times before sleeping. Knowing the meaning will help you hold tight to your adhkar. All gatherings should include dhikr of Allah. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) sends angels. The Khawarij made a lot of dhikr. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 9    Dhikr of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) will lead the angels to mention you. When you gather to make dhikr. what is between you and Paradise is death. gheeba.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) called the gathering of dhikr the garden of Paradise. It is easy to make dhikr. 142. Dhikr is a protection of hypocrisy. you will be amongst the dhaakireen. “Let’s come together and make dhikr of Allah and remember Allah. Dhikr of Allah protects from sins. then you will not enjoy it and will not say it. Some people put certain conditions for dhikr to make it difficult. Surah An Nisa v. said. Many of the salaf when they could not understand a verse or something else. The early generations if it is better to make sadaqa or give dhikr. and there was almost consensus that dhikr was better. and Allah would open their hearts to understanding it. Also. It is sunnah when first entering a place to say: a’oodhu bi kalimaatillahi min sharri ma khalaq.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. a companion of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Ibn Al Qayyim said that this is proof that dhikr of Allah can physically give you strength. but it only takes a few minutes. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said all evil things are protected from after this du’a is said. One of the signs of hypocrisy is that you do not make dhikr. they would make a lot of dhikr of Allah. 24th July -10th August. when she said that she needed a servant in the house. The person does not know what to say. It only takes 4 minutes to say subhanAllahi wa bihamdi 100 times. We forget about the ajr from dhikr. It helps and opens the doors of knowledge in front of you. It is better than sadaqa and other good deeds in reward. alhumdulillah 33 times. It strengthens the body. then you will not know what to say.

You are wasting time in haraam or with things that are not proper. Many ahadeeth tell us the situations and times and what dhikr to say and the number of the dhikr. then it may have become waajib. If the parents do not make dhikr. He may have informed us about it but not done it because if he had continued to do it. If you watch television the entire night. 24th July -10th August. The Quran told us about the dhikr of the prophets and messengers.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Set aside designated time for dhikr. The Quran mentions etiquettes: Ghaafir: 14. Too busy and not assigning time for the adhkar. 9. Surah Ash Shura v. Ibn Taymiyyah. Some verses have a specific time to be recited. Saffat v. Your friends are sometimes the biggest obstacles to do dhikr. Allah encourages us in the Quran to make dhikr (Anfaal. 28). Ra’ad v. Adhkar by Imam An Nawawi. 180 Sunnah of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam): Many ahadeeth encourage the making of dhikr. then how will the children make dhikr?        Shaykh Al Islam Ibn Taymiyyah and Imam Ahmad assigned time for dhikr of Allah. . 2009  Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 10 Sins prevent you from doing dhikr. Not every dhikr did the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) practice. The Quran mention a lot of adhkar like making tasbeeh. Ibn Al Qayyim. They feel shy to say dhikr while in public places. They hang out with people who do not care about adhkar. Surah Zukhruf v. 11. We can say the dhikr of what prophets used to say. People rush to talk and socialize but do not help you to finish your adhkar. Mu’mineen: 100. Dhikr after a calamity: inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon. you are more likely to say the adhkar after the salah. Distractions. Rum: 27. Bad example of parents. Sahih Al Kareemat Tayybah by Shaykh Al Albani. Review the adhkar and learn new adhkar. From the etiquettes of saying the dhikr of the morning and the night is to be in the masjid to avoid distraction. how will you make dhikr? You have filled your heart and mind with images and pictures. What are the sources of the narrated adhkar? The Quran: it has a lot of adhkar and information about dhikr. It is a source of information about the adhkar. 13: dhikr while driving. Reading Quran is dhikr by itself. Some people think that dhikr is something that they are shy of. It could be something that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to do. If you pray in the masjid. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) may approve other adhkar. Delaying the dhikr. Rushing after the salah. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said in the Quran to say a’oodhu billahi min ash-shaytan arrajeem first.

” It is not strange to go to the masjid at non-prayer time to make dhikr of Allah. We don’t have adhkaar that is not mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah. spread all over and seek the provisions that Allah has provided for people. sincerity for Allah. when on period. You can say dhikr before making wudu. Can we follow the dhikr of a shaykh or imam? No. The proof is the: dhikr when leaving the bathroom. Pray to Him sincerely. Sometimes we know the evidence and sometimes we do not know the evidence.    It is good to purify the tongue with the siwaak. Surah Al Jumu’ah: “After salah. “The masjid were build for dhikr of Allah. according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). the muhajir said the salaam but did not reply until he had made wudu. The qiyas goes back to the texts. He told him that he disliked to make dhikr until he has purified himself. He would have intercourse with his wife before sleeping and would say the adhkaar but not the verses of the Quran. Don’t forget to make dhikr a lot while doing this. Do not go to a place that Allah hates and make dhikr. It must be done with three conditions: person must be Muslim.      . it is not a source of legislation. Ijma’ is not a source of dhikr. Qiyas cannot be based on opinion. lying down…” Aisha (radhi Allahu 'anha) said: the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would put his head on my lap while I had my period. Examples: masajid (The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 11 Can ijma’ be a source of dhikr? There is no consensus unless it is based on evidence from Quran or Sunnah. Make dhikr while walking or driving. It is recommended for the person to be in a status of wudu (taahir). 24th July -10th August.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. You can use any other methods of making the mouth smell good. What are the etiquettes that must be observed while making dhikr?  It is an act of worship.” (Al ‘Araf: 23-24) It must be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). You do not necessarily have to face the qiblah when making dhikr. Anas ibn Malik (Sahih Muslim) reported that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would make dhikr all of the time. It is better for the mouth to be pure. It will be good to go to places which have virtues. Aisha (radhi Allahu 'anha) said that she used to read her hizb while she was laying in bed. Al qiyas: Al qiyas is not a source of legislation because no qiyas can be made unless it is based on the texts. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) when a muhajir came to him while he was urinating. Facing the qibla is the best direction. 10. Allah required ikhlaas in the religion. “Then remember Allah while standing. There is no difference of opinion that you can make dhikr of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) after sexual relations. sitting.

then I will mention him to myself. If you start your day with laziness. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 12  Care about the etiquettes which have a special reward to make dhikr. “If my slave remembers me when he is by himself. fajr time. because every dhikr made during this time is witnessed by Allah (subhanahu wata'ala).     12. and a sink. 205. What are the situations in which dhikr is prohibited?  In the bathroom. Examples: Friday (Surah Al Kahf). Surah Al A’raf v.” Have khushu’ while making dhikr.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Ibn Al Qayyim said. the Day of Arafat. Surah Maryam v. 24th July -10th August. When making adhkar. then you do not have control over your day. The best time in the day to make dhikr is after salat al fajr until sunrise. Is it mandatory to recite the narrated adhkar verbatim or can they be recited according to the general meaning (i.” Make dhikr individually or alone away from people. It is not recommended to make dhikr while asleep / dizzy because you will not understand what you are saying.” Not to raise your voice. after the adhaan. While you are in al hammam. What is the bathroom? Where the toilet is. Finish with the du’a at the end of every gathering. make sure you are by yourself. Surah Ra’ad v. “…while you have khushu’. may the Muslim worshipper add or subtract from it)? Scholars have divided into two schools: .e. When listening to the khutbah al-jumu’ah. Ibn Kathir said.      11. The place that is haraam is the place where you take off your clothes to use the restroom. then you have control over your day. While having intercourse. It is not part of the etiquette to recite Quran in a place where the toilet is. If there is a toilet seat. before breaking the fast. a shower. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. 3: Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) praised Zakariyyah for calling upon His Lord in secret.e. What if it is a very small bedroom and the toilet and everything is in the room? Only where the toilet seat is. the last 1/3rd of the night. The companions asked if Allah is so far away that they have to raise their voice. which is the place where people go to wash their bodies (i. the shower). or is He so close they don’t have to say anything. then only the toilet seat is where it is haraam. 205. “If you start your day with dhikr of Allah.

[Ahmad. At Tirmidhi and others] This hadeeth is clear that it should be done the exact same way it is heard. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 13  Yes. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) asked him if he made any du’a. In Sahih Muslim: Anas ibn Malik visited a sick person and saw him very weak with no energy. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim: Abu Bakr said. The vast majority of the Hanafi.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told him that he should not say that and should say something better: “Rabbana athina fi duniyah hasanat wa fi’l akhirah hasanat wa qina adhab an-nar. Ibn Umar heard a man sneeze and say a long du’a after (alhumdulillah + salawat on the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)).” The sahabah heard people making du’a. you will die upon the fitrah. can you teach me a du’a to say in my salah?” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. - - - - - - - Some said you can add as much as you want (Abu Hanifah) and you can change the words because the important part is the meaning. you cannot switch the words. then let it be now. you must recite the adhkar the same way as the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) listened to Al Bara’ repeat the hadeeth. and Ibn Taymiyyah say . if my sins require punishment. One of the reasons why we have to follow the words of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) is because you may change words and give a totally different meaning or may cause you problems. Shafi’ee. Proofs: - Ibn Abbas said that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to teach them to recite the du’a allhumma inne a’oodhu bika min adhab al Jahannam… and make them memorize it as he used to make them memorize the surah from the Quran. Maliki. Ibn Umar told him that was not how the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) taught them. “Ya Rasulullah. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) taught Al Bara’ to say a dhikr when he was going to sleep. These ahadeeth say that the same manners of memorizing the Quran should be used when memorizing dhikr. He told him to make wudu as he would for salah and go to bed and lay on his right side and say [du’a] and if you die. He said that he used to say: “O Allah. which shows that the du’a should be taught and not initiated from your own. and that after sneezing they were said to recite alhumdulillah. “…[du’a]…” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) taught him this hadeeth based on his request. Ibn Hajar said that one of the benefits of the hadeeth is that it shows us that the adhkar which is descriptive to time or situation must be said the same way the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said it. therefore. A scholar said that it must be said the same way it came from the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Also: Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) will make the faces of those who narrate the hadeeth exactly the same way they heard it to those who never heard it shine. Jaabir said that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to teach them to say du’a al istikhaarah as he used to teach them the surah in the Quran.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. 24th July -10th August.

Is it mandatory to stick to the specific number of repetitions that are mentioned in the narrated adhkar or can somebody add or subtract repetitions?  Some Hanafiyyah.  Middle opinion: it is allowed if the wording is not intent. 13.    15. If it is restricted by number and situation. Ibn Hajar said that this can apply to everything except for adhkar because the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did not let Al Bara’ interchange prophet and messenger. and Hanbali scholars say that there is no problem with adding to it. then stick to it. the sahabah did not understand that you have to strictly explain with the wording. Shafi’ee. then you are allowed to add to it. then it should be strict to the wording. therefore. then you lose the ajr. trials of life and death. If the order is not intent.  Allowed to change the words. For cases where the meaning may change. Can a Muslim female change the nouns/ pronouns (which are usually masculine) that are mentioned in the narrated adhkar to fit her own specific gender?  Ibn Taymiyyah was asked this question. then you cannot change the dhikr. 14. the dhikr of the salah). It is a general dhikr. Adding more repetition is like adding more rak’ah to the salah or adding to the adhaan. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 14 that the dhikr is of two types. If the dhikr is general. They say that the hadeeth about Allah making the face of the narrator shining was narrated by each narrator with a different wording. It is allowed and no restrictions would come here. It has nothing to do with the dhikr already said (i. The order does not matter in this case. and Ad-Dajjal. A woman should say: amatuk. It is disrespectful to think that you can do more than the Shari’ah. The sahabah can narrate the meaning of the hadeeth and it does not have to be by wording. 24th July -10th August.e. This is the opinion of most of the Hanafi fuqaha. As Sana’ni said: if you add more number to the repetition specified. then it becomes dhikr mutlaq (unrestricted). What should I do if I am not sure about the number of repetitions I have made in reciting a narrated dhikr? . no one will come with a reward more on the Day of Judgment unless someone had more than them. Ibn Hajr of the Shafi’ee. Proof: a hadeeth. If you want to add to it.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. It is not recommended to add to anything that came. Example: protection from the Hellfire. grave. Combination of two opinions: The adhkaar strictly related to certain situations / time / repetition. then mixing or changing it should not make you lose the ajr. Abduk means ‘male slave’. which cannot be done. Their proof: - The hadeeth of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) were narrated by meaning and not by wording. This hadeeth opened the door to adding more.

Depends on the situation. . so you go with the 28. Some people may be blessed with the skills to do social work. If you love the Quran. Whenever the Quran is attached to anything.  Four factors:   Also. For example: you are not sure if you said subhanAllah 28 or 30 times.” The time made this act of worship higher than the other. you need the major tahaarah. “Any act of worship done during the 10 days of Dhul Hijjah is better than any good deeds on other days.” Comment on this verse: Allah sent the Quran to His Servant day and night and raised the position of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to the highest level. Sometimes the situation makes this dhikr or act of worship as the best act of worship. Many do not speak Arabic but have memorized the entire Quran. Ibn Masood said: The Quran is the Word of Allah. 16. The Quran cannot be compared to any other dhikr. The mu’min who doesn’t read the Quran is the example of the date which has no smell and tastes good. the Best Dhikr. He mentions under this chapter different ahadeeth. You are certain about 28 and doubtful about 30. 33: “The Quran is the Truth. The ulema said that the Quran elevated the hypocrites and made them like something that smelled good. [Musnad Imam Ahmad] To read Quran. but not in all situations. 24th July -10th August. Because of this surah. Is the Quran the best form of dhikr in all situations?  In general situations. Ibn Kathir has a book called The Virtues of the Quran. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The best speech after the Quran is subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha il Allah wa Allahu Akbar. You do not need this for dhikr. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The example of the mu’min who reads the Quran is the example of a fruit that smells good and tastes good. Allah has not given everyone the ability to memorize and teach.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. it will raise it. then you love Allah because the Quran is the words of Allah. The hypocrite is like the fruit which smells good but tastes bitter.    17. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. Hadeeth of the man who loved Surah Al Ikhlaas: It is not about how much you memorize. What is the best form of making dhikr?  The best dhikr is the Quran. the Best Explanation. In this country. Bukhari has a chapter: The Chapter on the Virtues of the Quran over Any Other Speech. It is about attaching yourself to the Quran and loving the Quran from the heart. Allah loved this man. This book is an explanation to the chapter in Bukhari. Surah Al Furqan v. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 15  Base your number on the number you are certain about. It is the best of all speech. keep yourself busy with da’wah. yes. and this person may be rewarded more. it depends on the person.

but others would do it with no effect. Reading Surah Al Ikhlaas is equal to reading 1/3rd of the Quran [Sahih Al Bukhari – because it refers to the Attribute of Allah]. Allah says that His Mercy has taken over His Anger. Surah Al Baqarah. [hadeeth of Ubayy ibn Ka’ab] In Sahih Bukhari: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. and ‘aql prove this. Surah Al Zilzalah (1/2 of the Quran) Ibn Taymiyyah said: some shuyook used to make ruqiyyah with Surah Al Ikhlaas and it would have an effect. 18. Some surahs have virtues over other surahs: Surah Al Kahf (reciting on Friday). Verses in the Quran: Ayat Al Kursi. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 16   Depends on the time. but the salaf and tabi’een used to make dhikr after fajr until the sun rose and did not read the Quran. The ajr of the recitation of 1/3rd of the Quran is more because of the contemplation. Imam Ahmad: Asma bint Yazid said the  . Ibn Taymiyyah say the Quran. last two ayat of Surah Al Baqarah      19. Are the surahs and verses of Quran equal or do they vary in virtue to the point where they impact the dhikr?  The verses and the surahs are not equal because of the subject. and Surah Ta Ha. It depends on the iman in the heart. What is the Greatest Name of Allah? Ibn Majah and Al Hakim: The Greatest Name of Allah exists in Surah Al Baqarah. the best thing to do is tawaaf. the dhikr is better. Are the Names and Attributes of Allah equal in virtue or they vary to the point where they can impact the dhikr?   From the perspective of meaning: Ahl as sunnah say they vary. Making voluntary salat is better than making general dhikr. 24th July -10th August. Surah Al Imran. Surah Al Mulk (hasan hadeeth). Surah Al Imran. Al Awza’i was asked: reading Quran or the dhikr of the morning better? Al Awza’i said that there is nothing better than the Quran. “Al Fatiha is the mother of the Quran. Depends on the location. Sunnah. They are equal from the perspective that they are all Kalam of Allah. Surah Al Kafiroon (1/4th of the Quran). [Al Qurtubi] Because of the time. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that there is a surah in the Quran which no other surah is equal to in virtue: Surah Al Fatiha. ahl as sunnah agree that the Names are on varying levels. Generally speaking. ijma’. meaning it is at a higher level. When you are in Makkah. Evidences: the Greatest Name of Allah. The debate came over: ism al ‘adham.” The three quls are used for protection and ruqiyyah. Allah has One Name that is the Greatest Name and whoever asks Allah with it will be given his request.

24th July -10th August.    20. Ibn Hibban report: the hadeeth is hasan.”   There are more than 40 different opinions of the Greatest Name. say . As Suyuti came up with 20 different opinions. Al Hayyu Al Qayoom. What is the best type of dhikr after the Quran in general? The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said the most beloved words to Allah are four: subhanAllah. If you want to ask Allah by His Greatest Name. He will accept. Some scholars of ahl as sunnah said: (i. Allah did not tell us so that none of His Names would be left out of our du’a. This is the Name that is repeated in the three surahs. then make sure you pray to Allah with all of the Names. Why? They talk about the virtues of this Name. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that these words are more beloved to Allah than anything the sun will reach and anything in the world. She asked about a good deed she could do while sitting. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 17 Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that the Greatest Name is in Baqara v. Shaykh Bin Baaz said that the ahadeeth mention different Names and do not repeat the same Name. 1-2. Abu Dawood. say alhumdulillah 100 times which is like donating 100 horses with full equipment for the sake of Allah. Shaykh Bin Baaz) The greatest Name of Allah means the Greatest but not the only Name that is so great. the One with if He is asked with it. Many scholars accept this. A great scholar of ahl as sunnah said: Allah. however. wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar [Sahih Muslim]. In Sahih Muslim. “Say subhanAllah 100 times. It does not matter which one you start with. One of the ahadeeth did not mention this. They are from the Quran and are the best words. “IT is more beloved to me to say subhanAllah. you say: the Knowledge of Allah.e. At Tirmidhi. Also the ahadeeth mentioned to not say lafdh al jalala but others. Because of this. Ar Razi wrote a long article about this. the Mercy of Allah. the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was not trying to mention that one Name is higher than others but that one Name is so great. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. Refutation: this does not make sense and is not a proof.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Buraydah said the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) say: “….” Imam Ahmad reported: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) passed by a woman who said she had become old and was weak. Another opinion (Ibn Taymiyyah): The Greatest Name of Allah is hidden and no one knows it just as Allah hides from us the Night of Power in Ramadan and when the period of time is on Friday when the du’a will be accepted. the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said these are the most beloved words to Allah. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. They say: “…the Great Names are to Allah…” Refutation: this does not mean that it is the Greatest Name. Never describe any one of Allah’s Names with any quality. 163 and Al Imran v. none of the virtues of the Name mean that it is the Greatest Name. As Suyuti offered an entire book about this issue.you have asked Him with the Greatest Name. wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar than to get whatever is on the face of this earth and better than wherever the light of the sun will reach. it is equal to setting 100 slaves free. For example.

” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said. And subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar will cause your place in Jannah to be filled with trees.” Allah has chosen from all forms of dhikr four words to be special. It will save you on the Day of Judgment.” [At Tirmidhi] It erases the sins. You are increasing your place in Jannah and have more reward and blessings. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. Nobody on that day will have better deeds than you other than those who said what you said.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. “There is no person who will say wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billa except that it erases the sins even if it more than the foam of the sea. He shook it (in another narration hit it against a wall or tree). Also. “Al Mufaridoon are ahead of everyone else and are the ones who make a lot of dhikr.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. 24th July -10th August. it guarantees that you have a place in Jannah. [Surah Kahf v. “Five things are heavy on your scale on the Day of Judgment: SubhanAllah wa . It makes you among the first group who enter Jannah. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 18 Allahu Akbar 100 times which is equal to sacrificing 100 camels for the sake of Allah. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “When I went on isra wa al miraj. ‘Ya Muhammad. “Al baqiyyat as salihaat are the best things…” Al baqiyyat as salihaat is subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar. They are the heaviest things on your scale on the Day of Judgment. “SubhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar will save you from the Hellfire.’” What does this mean? First. the larger your space in Jannah and the higher level in Jannah. greet your ummah with salaam. say la ilaha ilAllah 100 times – the reward for it fill between the earth and the heavens. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said as An Nisa’i reported: “There is no one better in the Eyes of Allah than a person who will live a long life and will fill these years with subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar. 46] Ibn Majah and Imam Ahmad report: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. “Saying subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar will be next to the Throne of Allah repeating your name and repeating that you are amongst those making this dhikr. the dhikr that you made will protect you from this punishment and intercede for you on the Day of Judgment not to go to Hellfire. it means that you have a larger place in Jannah. He (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told the companions that alhumdulillah wa subhanAllah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar will make the sins fall off like this. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) once saw a dry branch falling on the ground and picked it up. The dry leaves fell off. Tell them that the ground of Jannah is pure and the water is pure. It will help you to cross the siraat faster and take your book faster. The more trees you plant.” This means that you are a person who has been accepted by Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). Mukaddimat means: put you farther away from everyone else. whatever reason that could cause you to go to Hellfire. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said.” On the Day of Judgment. I met Prophet Ibrahim who told me.

I do not memorize anything from the Quran. which means it leads to obedience. you obey him. SubhanAllah = glory to Allah. The first to interpret this way was Abu Hasan Al Ashari.” The rich sahabah did the acts of worship and spent the money for the sake of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). zakat. Linguistically. “Ask Allah for forgiveness before you die. Sustainer. what do I get if I say that?” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. I cannot memorize anything. . “Say: SubhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar wa la hawla wa la quwwatta ill billah. What is the meaning of la ilaha il Allah? Allah is the only One worthy of begin worshipped. “This is the ni’ma of Allah and He gives it to whomever He wants.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. “Ya Rasulullah. it is better than spending gold and silver for the sake of Allah and going for jihad: after salah. Teach me something other than the Quran which I can say in my salah. it has not basis in the Arabic language.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told him. fast like us. Most deviant sects deviate from this point specifically.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that this man had filled his hand with a lot of goodness. “Ya Rasulullah. Therefore. Alhumdulillah is related to Allah being worthy of being praised. but they have extra money to give in sadaqah. if someone believes that Allah is the Creator.” He said. It includes a lot of Names glorifying Allah. La negates. Tawheed is the best act of worship. say subhanAllah wa alhumdulillah wa Allahu Akbar 33 times and finish with la ilaha ilAllah. 24th July -10th August. “The rich are receiving all of the ajr because they pray like us. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 19 alhumdulillah wa la ilaha ilAllah wa Allahu Akbar and if you have a righteous son who passed away while you are alive and are patient after his death. hamza is switched with ‘wow’ commonly.” They came back later and said. Allah means the One that you love the most and linguistically comes from waliha. then he is a mu’min.” One time the poor people in the community came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and said. Waliha is when you love something so much. “The rich are doing the same thing. and it has not basis in Shari’ah. In Arabic. Allahu Akbar is related to all of the Names of Allah describing His Greatness These words cover all aspects of tawheed. to participate in jihad. La hawla wa la quwwatta illa billah covers the qadr of Allah. to go for Hajj and Umrah and we do not have the money to do that. A man came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) and said. When you love someone. They say ilah means Creator.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. “If you say something.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. 21. The word ilah means the one that you worship. Love leads to uboodiyyah.

The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. “If you say la ilaha ilAllah wahdahu la shareeka lahul mulk wa lahul hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer…it is as if you freed 10 slaves from Bani Isra’il…” Hadeeth of 99 scrolls. improper. or bed. During the khutbah. Before sleeping. At-tashahhud. What are the virtues of la ilaha ilAllah? It is the key to the gates to Jannah.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. “Whoever says la ilaha ilAllah sincerely. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said it means to free Allah from all evil.” Imam Muslim said that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) heard the mu’adhin saying. and He knows the qualities of Himself that no one else knows because He is above any creation. 24th July -10th August. 40. “Anyone who says la ilaha ilAllah sincerely. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. you can say la ilaha ilAllah. Linguistically: comes from sabaha. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said in the Quran: “Glory to Allah. Adhkaar of the morning and the evening. After the salah 24. Many du’a. he will deserve my intercession. praise to the Messengers [because they describe Allah with what they deserve]. Surah Ya Sin v. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 20 Ar Razi said: to be confused. When you are in calamity: the proof is that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did this upon his death. “Ash hadu an la ilaha ilAllah…” and said that this person has protected himself from the Hellfire. which means when you free something from any shameful or harmful thing or anything improper. The angels are making tasbeeh. This is similar to Descartes. During takbeerat of Eid. [This hadeeth is munkar but the meaning is acceptable] Ibn Abbas reported this meaning. Allah will forbid the Hellfire from touching his body. An Nawawi said that this means that in a time of calamity. Some Ashari schools came up with the theory that the first step to belief is doubting the existence of God.” 23. Repeating behind the mu’adhin. and all praise is due to Allah. the gates of heaven will be opened in front of him. 22.” The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. All the stars in their orbits are making tasbeeh.” . What is the meaning of saying subhanAllah? The tasbeeh is the act of all of the creation. Saying the iqamah. “Whoever says la ilaha ilAllah seeking the reward from Allah. While calling the adhan. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. It is to free Allah from whatever is evil. Before death. What are the situations in which saying la ilaha illa Allah is ordained? When becoming a Muslim.

Isra v. Surah Saad v. 44 The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said two words are beloved to Allah and light on the tongue but heavy on the scale: subhanAllahi wa bihamdi. during the salah. 38. saying SubhanAllah)? This is an act of worship that is shared with the rest of all creation. Surah Saffat v. After this. You say Allahu Akbar when standing. 175. when the imam makes a mistake say ‘subhanAllah’. Ibn Taymiyyah said: It is like going down in salah. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 21 Surah Al An’am v. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) ordered us to make tasbeeh. Surah Al Jumu’ah. All creation is making tasbeeh. du’a of safar. What are the virtues of making tasbeeh (i. 19. . Surah Ghaafir v. 31. 3. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said a palm tree will be planted in Paradise every time you say subhanAllah wa bihamdih. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) ordered the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to make tasbeeh. subhanAllah al-adheem. before going to sleep. 91: “They have not realized the capability of Allah…” 25. 98: “Make tasbeeh…” Surah An Nasr v. Every time you are in a gathering in which you are making mistakes. when going down a hill or mountain when traveling. Surah Fussilat v. Surah Al Hijr v. Allah ordered Zakarayyah Surah Al Imran v. Surah Anbiyah v. when you hear the thunder. 26. “Say subhanAllah in the morning and the night…” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) made tasbeeh for Himself. 24th July -10th August. 7. What are the situations in which tasbeeh is ordained? After salah. 18-19. Taghabun v. Allah praised the believers for making tasbeeh. say: ___ and it will erase any sins done in that gathering. morning and evening adhkar. when making tawbah and istighfar The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would say subhanAllah when he saw something that was not correct or something that he hated. after the salah. the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) made tasbeeh in every ruku’ and sujood.e. 1.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) praised Himself with this praise and said He is free from all improper descriptions. when you see something stranger or something that you do not like.

Allah deserves to be praised in the beginning and the end. The angels surround the Throne of Allah. time of calamity. Al Araf v. Al hamd is only praising the person with the quality that he has and this quality is a perfect quality. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 22 27. When calamity happens. Shukr is only for the good. Alhumdulillahi katheeran tayyiban mubarakan fi… 30. 70. Madh also means praise. Al madh is to praise a person with something even if it is not perfect in itself. Surah Qassas v. Al hamd: praise and love are connected. 24th July -10th August. iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’een…). 1. Surah Jaathiya. but there is no hamd through action. but there is a difference in the meaning. Also. Surah Kahf v. should say alhumdulillah all of the time 31. What are the virtues of Alhumdulillah? 29. sneezing.’ Muhammad means the one who has been praised and the one who praises. Shukr can be performed verbally. Alhumdulillah includes shukr. you do not thank Allah for the sickness. you may praise a leader for conquering a city even if there was transgression or killing. after something good happens. Ibrahim v. maliki yawm ad-deen. Al hamd wa al shukr: Al hamd is praising Allah for the good and the bad. 1 28. but the shukr is for the good. after eating. beginning of the speech and in the end of the speech. 28. Ghaafir 65. Allah said in the Quran: Surah Al Fatihah v. What are the best forms of Hamd? The best form is: Alhumdulillahi rabb al ‘alameen. Al hamd is for the good and bad. 43. after waking in the morning. Surah Saba v. Why? Because of Allah’s Names and Attributes (ar Rahman ar Raheem. For instance. standing up from ruku’. or by actions. 1. ‘All praise is to Allah who created the heavens and the earth and made light and darkness…’ Alhumdulillah is the last word that will be said after this world ends and everyone is in Jannah or Hellfire and the judgment has been finished. beginning of the khutbah. What is the meaning of Alhumdulillah? And how is it different from making shukr (gratitude) to Allah? Hamd linguistically means ‘praise something with the quality that he has deserved to be praised with. What is the meaning of takbeer and its entailments? . Mu’minoon v. when you see someone who has a problem or calamity. by heart.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. al hamd is praising coming out of love. Say alhumdulillah for two things: Allah’s Names and Attributes. 39. Al madh is not coming out of love. Al hamd is restricted to the verbal and the heart. also because of what He has ordained and revealed and sent down to earth. What are the situations in which Hamd is ordained? In salah.

Everything is small compared to Allah. when you see something that you like or something good. when you go to sleep. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) ordered the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to make takbir in Surah Al Mudaththir. when you cannot pray Fatiha . The Kursi compared to the ‘Arsh is like a ring thrown in a desert. Allah sees and hears everything that you do. and there are seven skies. there is nothing similar or comparable. 100. When it comes to His Names and Attributes. Compared to everything else. Between the kursi and the throne another 500 years and above the water another 500 years and above that is Allah. they are like seven coins throne on a shield. we are small. His religion and legislation are the greatest. adhaan and iqamah. What are the situations for which takbeer has been ordained? Eid prayer. Hajj. first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. None of the sahabah would say takbeer. 1) His Names and Attributes 2) His Guidance 3) Everything else 4) His ordainments and plans Takbeer is a declaration of tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Another word that is similar: kibriyyah (the greatness) Between the first sky and the second is 500 years of travel and the same.” Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) is greater than that. ruku’ / sujood. slaughtering an animal. the du’a of safar. Whatever Allah ordains and plans and allows to happen has the greatest wisdom behind it. They are Perfect. 33. After the seventh is the Kursi. Meaning: Allah is the Greatest. Takbeer means ‘great’. It is the greatest guidance. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “If you bring all the seven heavens. In almost every aspect of your life. What are the virtues of takbeer? It shows that you are a believer. when you start the prayer. Do not try to contemplate or think of Allah. after the salah. Surah Al Isra v. but think of the bounties of Allah (subhanahu wata'ala). when throwing the jamaraat. and al Asma wa as Sifaat 32. when ascend while traveling. 24th July -10th August. Everything we see and know is one sky. One of the biggest problems with the deviant sects is because they are missing the meaning of Allahu Akbar. They would say “Allahu Akbar” and then people would repeat after him. you make takbir. al-ulooyhiyyah. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 23 Takbeer is Allahu Akbar.

He is the only one worthy of worship.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. you emphasize they are the greatest qualities. Dhikr of Allah is to mention Allah not only with the Name but the quality. You free Allah from all evil / wrong / bad qualities. This hadeeth has been fabricated. Tahleel is better: erases sins. no one will be left on the face of the earth saying Allah. Which one is higher in virtue: tahleel or tasbeeh? An Nawawi said: because saying tahleel 100 times will erase sins and saying tasbeeh 100 times erases all times. Is there a correlation between tasbeeh. Is there any other form of dhikr which is close to these four? La hawla wa la quwwatta illa billah. so there is no meaning or praising. Therefore. and all of this leads to knowing that Allah is the only deity worthy of worship. They say: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) asked Abu Talib to say Allah so that he could intercede for him on the Day of Judgment. Therefore. Ibn Taymiyyah tried to make the case: The tasbeeh is about glorifying Allah. protects against Shaytan. Allah. You praise Allah because of all of His good qualities. [Imam Ahmad] 37. The Shari’ah never mentions One Name by itself.” Refutation: This hadeeth has another narration: “…there will be no one left on the face of the earth saying la ilaha ilAllah. but he did not say la ilaha ilAllah. There is no complete sentence. Allah. 35. The best du’a is the du’a of Arafat. etc. Allah has the Greatest qualities. 24th July -10th August. They say. the tahmeed praises the qualities of Allah and free Him from anything improper. and the best to say during Arafat is la ilaha ilAllah wahdahu la shareeka lah … 36. Refutation: Abu Talib did say Allah. they are almost always connected. this hadeeth cannot be used because the other narration explains that it means saying la ilaha ilAllah. takbeer and tahleel (la ilaha ilAllah)? Yes. tahmeed. Allah. then tasbeeh is better. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) never did it. in Sahih Muslim there is a hadeeth that says “at the end of the days. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said to say this as much as you can. Is it permissible to make dhikr by only mentioning an explicit Name of Allah or substitute it through the “He” pronoun? This is how the Sufis make dhikr. They said that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) taught how to say Allah.” This hadeeth is not talking about dhikr. Allah. It is one of the treasures of Jannah. and the sahabah never did it. . raises level in Jannah. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 24 34.

Also. you think that Allah wants you to do these things. the dhikr is said with a .’ Refutation: How did the salaf understand this? They never understood it that way. Allah said that the kuffar said that Allah could reveal revelations to earth. Ash Shawkani said any reward in the hadeeth is for dhikr that is said and pronounced and you must hear yourself. Is this the strongest opinion? No and it can be opposed by the hadeeth: “If he remembers with himself. I will remember him…” Remembering with himself does not mean that you have to move the tongue. They say: Another ayah: Whenever you slaughter an animal say ‘bismillah. Ibn Al Qayyim says it multiplies the benefit: when someone hears / reads the Quran and understands. you should combine both of them. When you see opportunities of good. Aisha (radhi Allahu 'anha) said that this verse was revealed specifically for du’a. 24th July -10th August. “Don’t raise your voice so much in your du’a…” Surah Al Isra v. In general. This is one of the highest forms of dhikr. Remembering Allah by contemplating Allah’s Creation. There is not strong evidence to support it. Before this. There is no proof in the Shari’ah that the tongue must have to move. While making verbal dhikr. 110. Which one is higher in virtue. and where it is in your head with no moving of the tongue or lips. 40. “Say Allah then leave them…” Surah Al An’am v. It is a voice which is not loud and not low. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 25 They say: Allah says in the Quran. … is the highest form of dhikr that leads you to praise Him and thank Him. Adding the tongue is not necessarily a strong point. 39. There is a reward for making dhikr with the tongue but not the heart. Refutation: this is cutting and pasting from part of the verse. Remembering Allah by heart whenever there is a desire in front of you. making dhikr verbally or in the heart? The heart is where the dhikr comes from. Certain adhkar is said out loud and it is from the sunnah to say it out loud: after maghrib and after fajr.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Names and Attributes. in ihram. where you move your lips and hear in your head. 38. Is it disliked to raise one’s voice while making dhikr? One of the etiquettes of dhikr is to not be very loud. say “la ilaha ilAllah wahdahu la shareeka la…” 10 times out loud. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said.’ Refutation: This ayah has nothing to do with dhikr. Allah says: Who gave the revelation to those who came before? Allah tells the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) to say Allah did and then leave them. 90. therefore. Some people say: Does that mean you do not make dhikr with the tongue? No. They say: Another verse says ‘mention the Name of Allah. but it is weak. is it mandatory to hear oneself while making dhikr? There is a dhikr where you can hear yourself out loud. linguistically it can be done without the movement of the tongue. Your heart should start shaking because you know that it is haraam.

This is the opinion of another Arabic language scholar Ibn Qutiya. But if it is done collectively after it has been learned and memorized.” An Nawawi said this is a proof to lower your voice for dhikr if you do not need to raise your voice. the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would tell them it would be for teaching purposes and the companions would not raise their voices. The morning dhikr can be started from mid-night until dhuhr time. What are the times of making the morning and evening adhkar? There is a famous debate on this issue. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 26 raised voice. there is a debate between scholars to define linguistically what morning and night are. Why is there a difference of opinion on this issue? The Shari’ah never defined morning and evening. it is allowed. 42. In the Arabic language. 2) As-sabah is from fajr until sunrise and night is from dhuhr until sunset (maghrib). Night is from maghrib until fajr. Is it permissible to recite the adhkar in congregation for the sake of learning / teaching? Yes. “Oh people. so lower your voice. The most famous opinions: The morning: 1) As-sabah starts from the middle of the night all the way until dhuhr time. The claim that it is for teaching purposes is not a very strong hujjah. . Ulema said that if the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did it for teaching purposes. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did not specify exactly when to say it or a beginning and ending time. a famous tajweed scholar. For certain adhkar it is sunnah to raise the voice. The evening is from dhuhr until mid-night. then why would he continue doing it for the rest of his life? Also. 24th July -10th August. 41. This is the opinion of Ibn Durayd. 4) Morning is fajr until maghrib. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. We do not agree with this because Ibn Abbas said that they used to recognize the end of the salah by the tasbeeh.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. you are not calling upon the deaf. This is the opinion of Ibn Al Jazaree. For some adhkar there is dispute: the dhikr after the salah. As-Suyuti took this opinion. then it will not be something right. The tarbiyyah of Eid are said in a raised voice. Mid-night is halfway between sunset and fajr time. This is the opinion of Shaykh Uthaymeen. 3) Morning is from fajr until sunrise and night is from asr until isha. Some Maalikiyyah said that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to raise his voice for the purpose of teaching.

make sure to make adhkaar from fajr until sunrise. Proof: Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) said: ‘make tasbeeh before the sun rises and before the sun sets. Surah Al Araf v. which is the time of the salah. You can start saying the adkhar after leaving home on the way to the masjid for the fajr prayer. is it permissible to recite the adhkar after the asr prayer? It is asr time and not asr prayer. 44. If it is not one of the specific adhkaar to say after the salah then don’t say it before. etc. Delaying it is not recommended and the ajr won’t be as much as in the early time. Is it permissible to recite the morning and evening adkhar before praying fajr or asr respectively? Yes. Opinion of An Nawawi.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Try your best to do it in the perfect time. To be on the safe side. There are specific adhkar to say after salah. Some said it is not allowed because the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said that there is nothing more beloved for me to do than the obligation. 130. This is not very strong because you pray the sunnah first. We said it was from fajr time and not fajr salah. What about the post-prayer adhkar? Do we make them twice or one time is sufficient for both prayers? . If dhuhr and asr prayers were combined at the time of dhuhr for a valid reason. Also. 205 “…the beginning of the day from fajr until sunrise and the end of the day from asr until maghrib…” Surah Ta Ha v. 24th July -10th August. 45. It starts at the second adhaan of fajr. Bakr Abu Zayd. Bin Baaz. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 27 5) As-sabah is from fajr until sunrise and from evening is from maghrib until mid-night. 43. it is permissible. 55 Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: If I sit making dhikr from fajr to sunrise. it is more beloved to me than going to the market and frees four slaves from the children of Isra’il and if I sit making dhikr from asr to maghrib it is more to me than freeing four slaves. [authentic according to Al Albani] Morning time is generally agreed upon to be from fajr until sunrise.’ Surah Ta Ha v. Shaykh Waleed believes until sunrise is the perfect time but can be extended until asr and from asr until fajr because the day is morning and night. Scholars say do not perform the recommended act until fulfilling the obligatory act. 6) Morning is from fajr until sunrise and evening is from asr until maghrib. Opinion of Ibn Hajar and scholar Al Fayrooz.

Is it recommended to say the morning and evening adhkar in the masjid? Jaabir reported: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) when he used to pray fajr would stay in his place until the sun rose making dhikr. then choose the most important with the most ajr to say first. What about the reward of Hajj and Umrah? The hadith did not mention that the person had to be in the masjid but in congregation. The dhikr is repeated. 47. This hadeeth can apply to any one of these words. or reading Quran.” It is closer to the Sunnah that you recite some adhkar in one day and others on different days. he would leave his place and start talking with us and would mention things of the old days and we would laugh. then he can make it up whenever he remembers. “If I order you to do something. 49. Some adkhar you can say everyday and others you can switch between. authentic by Al Albani] All of these narrations mention that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would do this in the masjid. 48.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. congregation is only in the masjid. If any person missed salah. Is it also recommended for the women to make adhkar in the masjid? If a woman prays at home. If a person forgets to make adhkar during the allowed time. 24th July -10th August. so many scholars say it is recommended to do this in the masjid but you can do it outside. It can also apply to dhikr. If you do not have much time left. dhikr. [Muslim] Anas reported: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. For men. [Muslim] Jaabir was asked by Sinan. then do what you are capable of. Some have more protections and others more rewards. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said. Shaykh Waleed asked Shaykh Uthaymeen this question. “…If you sit making dhikr and then pray two rak’ah you will take the reward of Hajj and Umrah. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 28 One is sufficient. then she would make the dhikr at home. what should he/she do? The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Whoever overslept and he or she did not recite the hizb (amount of recitation of Quran decided to be read everyday).” [Tirmidhi. then read it … [Muslim] Hizb means a certain amount of Quran read in or outside of salah. 46. did you attend the Prophet’s gatherings a lot? He (radhi Allahu 'anhu) reported that after the sun rose. [The ajr of 24 / 27 levels only applies to the first . Does a person have to recite all of the narrated adhkar and what should a person do in the case of shortage of time? An Nawawi said: Say from it as much as you can because each one has different ajr and benefits.

As Suyuti said making dhikr with the beads is better than the hand. This is a serious issue. Ibn Taymiyyah said using the beads is permissible. If you rely on the book. then you won’t be able to recite if you don’t have the book. but the best is to use the hands. 24th July -10th August. Because of this. Some scholars have taken a different direction: What is the origin of the beads? If it is traced. What is the ruling regarding the books of adhkar in regards to authoring them in reading them? These books are two types: 1) based on narrated adhkar from the sunnah of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Many fasiqs used these as well (i. then they will receive the reward. Ibn Umar (radhi Allahu 'anhu) said that he used to do it with the right hand. Hadeeth mentioned earlier: they used to memorize the dhikr the same way they memorized the Quran. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) told his wife: He ordered her to perform ‘aqd with the fingers. Ash-Shawkani said there is no difference between the hands and the beads because the hands will be moving anyway and will still testify. The Sufis were the first to use it amongst the Muslims. [Imam Ahmad] There is a narration of a wife of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) using stones to count and the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said using the hand is better than what she is doing. weak ahadeeth Be very careful because some adhkar can be dangerous! 52. There is a lot of Buddhist influence on Christianity. singers). . Is it better to recite these adhkar from memory or to read them from a book? Some shuyookh said it is better to memorize because it will guarantee that you will say them all of the time. 2) innovated adhkar – this is dangerous because they may contain shirk. 51. so it would be acceptable. they said it is bid’ah and not allowed because it is imitation of the kuffar and the sahabah never made tasbeeh on stones.e. Ibn Taymiyyah said that it is not haraam what she is doing but he directed her to the best because the fingers will testify for you on the Day of Judgment. 50. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to close the tip of the finger to the beginning of the finger (connected to the palm) – ‘aqd. If a sister prays with her family in their homes and they sit in their place making dhikr until sunrise. The issue is debatable. It should be treated in a serious manner.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 29 jama’ah in the masjid behind the imam]. What is the ruling of using al-sabhua / masbaha (beads)? The best way of performing dhikr is with the hand. Ibn Taymiyyah said that the wife was not forbidden from making tasbeeh with the stones. incorrect meanings. it goes back to the Buddhist monks. Ajr is the same either way.

What is the ruling of congregational dhikr? What is congregational dhikr? Scholars of ahl as sunnah said it would be a form of innovation and was never practiced before. It may lead to major innovation. There was nothing stopping the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) from gathering with the sahabah and doing it. They even say that it is the highest level of acts of worship. Bayhaqi report: Ibn Masood was told by Abu Musa Al Ashari that people were in the masjid in Kufa were reciting congregational dhikr and he asked them if they have better than what the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) had and if they are intending innovation and they said that they had good intention. Umar (radhi Allahu 'anhu) used to make takbir in the days of Mina and people would hear him and start making takbeer because of his takbeer. It is a condition of the oath you have to give to the shaykh for Sufis. Umar told him to have them come to him and carry their own weapon. The only way for you to enter the road or through the gate of acceptance to be connected to God is through dhikr. It is not reported a single time that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) did not do it. Umar’s governor wrote to him that they had Muslims in his city who gather and make dhikr together. Rule learned earlier: look at unclear text in the light of clear texts. 4) They do not consider gatherings of knowledge as part of dhikr. Also. Their proofs: Many narrations show that the sahabah did it collectively. 24th July -10th August. It made them among the Khawarij during the time of Ali. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 30 53. Dhikr is something that the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) recommended the sahabah to do. etc. Umar reprimanded them and forbade them from doing such things. Dhaarimi. Quran. Some Sufis say they enter dark rooms and start making dhikr because it is higher than anything else. and there were many reasons for it to be practiced. Salat al Eid: we are not intentionally making takbir together but it happens to be together. What is the understanding of dhikr according to the people of innovation and the deviant sects? 1) Innovators consider dhikr as one of the most important acts of worship in the religion. 2) They consider dhikr higher than salah.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. Response: meaning after his takbeer. Another narration that Ibn Umar did the same thing when he was told about people gathering outside of Madinah. 3) The only way to be part of the group is the dhikr. . They consider the wird that the shaykh give to them higher than their family and children. 54. There are several narrations of the sahabah forbidding people from doing this. in Bukhari.

For example: if someone says that there is a dhikr better than the dhikr of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam).” 56. There are many narrations that invented dhikr started to appear at the end of the time of Umar. It is to no longer differentiate between the creator and creation and to remember Allah to the level that you do not see any other than Him. When you invent a dhikr which is correct with basis in Quran and Sunnah but you specify a reward for it that has no basis in the Quran and Sunnah. One of the ways to know ilm al ghayb is through dhikr where Allah will give you a special kind of knowledge that no one else has. 2) Innovation that has basis in religion but you add to it such as numbers or location.” Until the time of Uthman (radhi Allahu 'anhu) innovations are limited. Any dhikr that contains any form shirk: seeking help from the dead/ jinn / angels/ prophets. For example: making a certain kind of music and calling it spiritual music and to start worshipping Allah by dancing. etc. they make a loud noise and then faint.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. when you have more reward than the sunnah: for example if you say a certain du’a then you get more than 100 hasanat or better than fasting Ramadan. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 31 5) The ultimate goal for dhikr is al fana. Anas (radhi Allahu 'anhu) said. Any person who comes to dhikr from the Quran and Sunnah and switch it by adding to it certain words or taking out certain sentences and changing the structure intentionally.” Asma bint Abi . the ultimate goal of dhikr is to worship Allah more. For us. he is not amongst my ummah in this duniyah and in the hereafter. This is the act of the Khawarij.] They make a lot of dhikr until they have access to the unseen. Also. What are the stages of development of the invented dhikr? Time of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam): very pure time. “I have been told that whenever people read the Quran. 55.. This makes people look down at what is in the Quran and Sunnah. What are the types of the invented adhkar? Innovations in general are two types: 1) Original innovation in religion (bid’ah asliyyah) which does not exist in the religion and has no base. The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever will look down upon my sunnah or not follow my sunnah. One of the first kinds of invented adhkar: there is a certain dhikr from Quran and Sunnah and you limit it or specify a certain number of times to say it or at a certain time. Any dhikr that will harm the religion. Allah (subhanahu wata'ala) criticized the people before us for changing the religion. Surah Al A’raf: “They have taken their religion lahw. [For us: sitting together to make dhikr means seeking knowledge of the deen. 24th July -10th August.

24th July -10th August. The meaning of la ilaha ilAllah started to change to la fa’il il Allah (no doer except Allah). Suffering brings you closer to Allah. Another direction appeared in the 200s: a direction of a certain individual claiming to find out the Greatest Name of Allah. then they talked about death. people start worshipping Allah by dancing. raise the dead. These people are ignorant and only cared about big gatherings and popularity. they started fabricating ahadeeth. At that time. Abu Ishaq Ibrahim… made his own adhkar and started teaching it to certain people who became his followers. They came up with the concept that dhikr is not with the tongue but with the heart. Ibn Taymiyyah said that these people were showing off and challenged them to sit on a high chair with fire underneath and read the Quran. A specific du’a invented by specific people to specific students. In the beginning it was a movement to call people to good manners. Words like ishq Allah appeared – ishq in Arabic is love that leads to marriage. and he said he met a man in the desert who told it to him and that he met Khidr in the desert who confirmed it for him. Also. They used poetry and talked about ghazal to soften the heart. It transferred from making dhikr to being something you think about. People claimed they met Khidr. there were many tareekhas appearing. They also talked about ghazal (about love between genders). it needs rhythm (al-taghbeer). The issue of the Great Name of Allah became a big issue at that time: if you pray with it. They spread the Isra’iliyyat. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 32 Bakr said. People started to gather to listen to stories and poetry. In order for poetry to be very effective. Also at that time philosophy became strong. 300 – 500 AH Sufis as a group appeared as a group in the Muslim world. there appeared in the Muslim ummah a new position: Al qassas – a person who makes stories to soften the hearts. By the end of the 200s. When the heart is soft. “They used to cry and have goosebumps. The way to come close to Allah is to fast more hours and be hungry. Allah will protect the army. talking about the nafs. He was asked where he got it from. . People start listening to poetry and gather to listen to poetry. Shaytan and avoiding him… Why did this trend start? A lot of wealth came to the Muslim ummah at that time. Imam Shafi’ee said he left behind him in Iraq an innovation called al-taghbeer (drums used with the nasheed). The du’a had acceptable meanings at that time. They imagined things that were not true. and she said the isti’adha. which concentrated on the akhirah. Poetry became a main form of making dhikr and moving hearts. The contents of dhikr are on the same concept: reminding people of the akhirah and bringing people closer to Allah.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. At that time. provide victory… Became very popular and Abu Yazid Al Bustami said he was told the greatest Name of Allah and reached a level no one had reached before. Lying became a common practice for those people. Ibn Taymiyyah said it was a gathering of riya and fusaq. 200-300 AH: The dhikr starts taking different shapes. There were a lot of converts.” She was told that there are people there who would faint after reading the Quran. which became part of the religion. The great scholars never attended these gatherings. People start mixing dancing with the dhikr. This gathering created a new leadership who became famous. Why was there this type of poetry? They used this to soften the heart. Aisha (radhi Allahu 'anha) said the companions used to read the Quran and did not faint and you are not better than them.

What are the sources of adhkar according to the people of innovation and deviant sects? 58. What is the meaning of istia’thah? And what does it entail? 70. Is it allowed to give salaam to non-Muslims? 65. He was from ahl al sunnah. . 500 – 800 AH Dhikr became organized based on tareekhas and many appeared. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 33 The content and goal of dhikr was shifting. Certain etiquettes. They claim there is a hibz developed from them. What is the meaning of our saying as salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh? 63. 57). What is the meaning of salat and salam upon the Messenger of Allah? 67. What is the definition of dua linguistically and technically? 2. award for his followers. Is there harm in the invented adhkar? And do they contradict Shari’ah? 60. Shadriyyah. Is it allowed to greet a Muslim with a greeting other than Islam? 66. What are the forms of salat and salaam upon the Messenger of Allah? 69. Can you provide us with some examples of invented adhkar that is practiced by some deviant sects? 61. What are the virtues of salat and salaam upon the Messenger of Allah? 68. Naqshabandis. Qadriyyah was the first tareekha. Are there special etiquettes for reciting adhkar according to the people of innovation? 59. Ibn Taymiyyah had many debates with them. Al Ghazali entered Sufism and brought back Sufism and talked about issues that were almost vanishing at the time. When is istia’thah ordained? Chapter 2: Dua and its rulings 1. Tareekha based on seven foundations. What are the tips that would help in keeping me constant in my adhkar? 62. Ar-Rifayi’e: Muhammad Ar-Rifaye’ie (d. Badawiyya 57.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. conditions. 24th July -10th August. When is it ordained to give the salaam? 64.

You may hate something now but down the road know that it is the best thing to happen to you. You know that the Wisdom of Allah will not lead to the bad being more than the good. 2009 Fiqh Al-Adhkar (Shaykh Waleed Basyouni) 34 Q&A: Why do we say alhumdulillah when something bad happens? You praise Allah because of His quality. You are praising Allah for the quality that Allah has. 24th July -10th August. It shows faith and tawheed and certainty.‘IlmSummit 2009 Houston. but you know that the end is something great and beneficial to you. . You know that it may be sad or bad.

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