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UNIT I- Fundamentals Concepts of FEA

1. Explain general FEM procedure for one dimensional linear element (6)

2. Write down the basic steps of FEA and list down methods adopted for finite element
formulations (6)

3. List advantages and disadvantages of Finite Element Method over analytical method
also list out the 4 FEA software (8)
4. List five typical areas of engineering where the finite element method is applied (5)

5. Explain in detail the difference between Finite difference method and finite element
method (6)
6. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of FEM over: (4)
a. Classical method
b. Finite difference method

7. What is the difference between pre-processing, processing and post processing in

commercial FEM software in general (8)
8. What are types of Boundary conditions and how they are treated in FEM (8)

9. Explain the terms essential and natural boundary conditions. Gove example of
essential boundary condition for the beam element used for structural analysis(i.e. to
find displacements and stresses) as well as thermal analysis (i.e. to find temperatures
and fluxes) (8)
10. Explain the terms strain and stress recovery in post-processing stage (8)
11. What are various meshing techniques (8)
12. What are mesh quality checks? (6)

13. What are the advantages and limitations of free and mapped meshing in finite element
method? What type of meshing would you prefer for complex geometries Explain
your answer with neat sketches (6)

14. Explain with neat sketches the difference between p and h refinements in finite
element method (6)

15. Briefly outline the concepts of P and h formulation and how it is used for improving
accuracy in FEA simulations (6)
16. What are the different types of error contains in FEM results (6)
17. Define: (4)
a. Strain Energy
b. Total Potential Energy

18. Define potential energy of an elastic body and derive the expression for total potential
energy in integral form from the basics (8)

19. Write and explain ‘Principle of minimum potential energy approach to formulate
FEM equations. (4)
20. Derive relationship between stress- strain in 2D elastic body (8)
21. Explain step by step procedure for weighted residual method (6)

22. Using Rayleigh- Ritz method compute the value of central deflection for the beam
shown in fig. considering trigonometric function ω = a1sin(πx/L) as displacement
function (8)

23. Find u(x) that satisfies d2u + u =1, u(0)=1, u(1)=0 using weighted residual method for
approximating (10)

24. Solve the following differential equation using: (10)

a. Least square method
b. Point collocation method (x=0.25,0.5)

d2Ф – Ф = x use boundary conditions Ф(x=0), Ф(x=1) = 0.

Compare your answer with exact solution at x= 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75