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UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (www.afeias.


T.B.C. : C-AMC-O-ICK Test Booklet Series

Serial no.

Time Allowed : Two Hours

Paper - II
Maximum Marks : 200

2. Please note that it is the candidate's responsibility to encode and fill in the Roll Number and Test
Booklet Series Code A, B, C or D carefully and without any omission or discrepancy at the
appropriate places in the OMR Answer Sheet. Any omission/ discrepancy will render the Answer
Sheet liable for rejection.
3. You have to enter your Roll Number on the Test
Booklet in the Box provided alongside. Do NOT
write anything else on the Test Booklet.
4. This Test Booklet contains 80 items (questions). Each item is printed both in Hindi and English. Each
item comprises four responses (answers). You will select the response which response, mark the response
which you consider the best. In any case, choose ONLY ONE response for each item.
5. You have to mark all your response ONLY on the separate Answer Sheet provided. See directions in the
Answer Sheet.
6. All items carry equal marks.
7. Before you proceed to mark in the Answer Sheet the response to various items in the Test Booklet, you
have to fill in some particulars in the Answer Sheet as per instructions sent to you with your Admission
8. After you have completed filling in all your responses on the Answer Sheet and the examination has
concluded, you should hand over to the invigilator only the Answer Sheet You are permitted to take away
with you the Test Booklet.
9. Sheets for rough work are appended in the Test Booklet at the end.
10. Penalty for wrong answers:
(i) There are four alternatives for the answer to every questions. For each question which has a penalty
for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third of the marks assigned to that
question will be deducted as penalty.
(ii) If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer even if one of the
given answers happens to be correct and there will be some penalty as above to that question, if it
has a penalty.
(iii) If a question is left blank, i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be no penalty for that
/;ku nsa % vuqns’kksa dk fgUnh :ikUrj bl iqfLrdk ds fiNys i``"B ij Nik gSA
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

Directions for the following 6 (six) items :

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answers to these items
should be based on the passages only.
Passage - 1
Accountability, or the lack of it, in governance generally, and civil services, in particular, is a major factor
underlying the deficiencies in governance and public administration. Designing an effective framework for
accountability has been a key element of the reform agenda. A fundamental issue is whether civil services
should be accountable to the political executive of the day or to society at large. In other words how should
internal and external accountability be reconciled? Internal accountability is sought to be achieved by internal
performance monitoring, official supervision by bodies like the Central Vigilance Commission and Comptroller
and Auditor General and judicial review of executive decisions. Articles 311 and 312 of the Indian Constitution
provide job security and safeguards to the civil services, especially the All India Services. The framers of the
constitution had envisaged that provision of these safeguards would result in a civil service that is not totally
subservient to the political executive but will have the strength to function in large public interest. The need to
balance internal and external accountability is thus built into the constitution. The issue is where to draw the
line. Over the years, the emphasis seems to have tilted in favour of greater internal accountability of the civil
services to the political leaders of the day who in turn are expected to be externally accountable to the society at
large through the election process. This system for seeking accountability to society has not worked out, and has
led to several adverse consequences for governance.
Some special measures can be considered for improving accountability in civil services. Provisions of
articles 311 and 312 should be reviewed and laws and regulations framed to ensure external accountability of
civil services. The proposed Civil Services Bill seeks to address some of these requirements. The respective
roles of professional civil services and the political executive should be defined so that professional managerial
functions and management of civil services are depoliticized. For this purpose, effective statutory civil service
boards should be created at the centre and in the states. Decentralization and devolution of authority to being
government and decision making closer to the people also helps to enhance accountability.

1. According to the passage, which of the (a) 1 only

following factor/ factors led to the adverse (b) 2 and 3 only
consequences for governance/ public (c) 1 and 4 only
administration? (d) 2, 3 and 4
1. Inability of civil services to strike a
balance between internal and external 2. With reference to the passage the following
accountabilities assumptions have been made:
2. Lack of sufficient professional training 1. Political executive is an obstacle to the
to the officers of All India Services. accountability of the civil services to the
3. Lack of proper service benefits in civil society.
services. 2. In the present framework of Indian
4. Lack of Constitutional provisions to polity, the political executive is no
define the respective roles of longer accountable to the society.
professional civil services vis-à-vis Which of these assumptions is/ are
political executive in this context. valid?
Select the correct answer using (a) 1 only
the code given below (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
vkxs vkus okys 6 ¼N%½ iz’uka’kksa ds fy, funsZ’k % fuEufyf[kr nks ifjPNsnksa dks if<+;s rFkk izR;sd ifjPNsn ds Ik’pkr~~ vkus okys iz’uka’kksa ds
mŸkj nhft,A bu iz’uka’kksa ds vkids mŸkj ifjPNsnksa ij vk/kkfjr gh gksus pkfg,A
ifjPNsn & 1
'kklu vkSj yksd 'kklu esa dfe;ksa ds ewy esa fLFkr ,d izeq[k dkjd] vkerkSj ls 'kklu esa] vkSj eq[; :i ls flfoy lsokvksa esa]
tokcnsgh dk gksuk ;k u gksuk gSA tokcnsgh dk ,d izHkkoh <kapk :ikafdr djuk lq/kkj dk;Zlwph dk ,d eq[; rRo jgk gSA ewyHkwr eqn~nk
;g gS fd D;k flfoy lsokvksa dks rRdkyhu jktuhfrd dk;Zikfydk ds izfr tokcnsg gksuk pkfg,] vFkok O;kid :i esa lekt ds izfrA
nwljs 'kCnksa esa] vkarfjd vkSj cká tokcnsgh ds chp lkeatL; dSls LFkkfir fd;k tk,\ vkarfjd tokcnsgh dks vkarfjd fu"iknu ds
ifjoh{k.k] dsUnzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx ,oa fu;a=d&egkys[kkijh{kd tSls fudk;ksa ds vf/kdkfjd fujh{k.k rFkk vf/k'kklh fu.kZ;ksa ds U;kf;d
iqufoZyksdu ds }kjk izkIr djus dk iz;kl fd;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr ds lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 311 vkSj 312 flfoy lsokvksa] [kkl dj vf[ky
Hkkjrh; lsokvksa] esa ukSdjh dh lqj{kk ,oa j{kksik; dk mica/k djrs gSA lafo/kku fuekZrkvksa us ;g /;ku esa j[kk Fkk fd bu lja{k.k mica/kksa ds
ifj.kkeLo:i ,slh flfoy lsok cusxh tks jktuhfr dk;Zikfydk dh iw.kZr% vuqjksoh ugha gksxh oju~ mlesa o`gRrj yksdfgr esa dk;Z djus dh
'kfDr gksxhA bl izdkj lafo/kku esa vkarfjd vkSj cká tokcnsgh ds chp larqyu j[kus dh vko';drk lfUufgr gSA iz'u ;g gS fd nksuksa ds
chp js[kk dgka [khaph tk,A o"kksZa ckn] flfoy lsokvksa dh vf/kdrj vkarfjd tokcnsgh dk tksj rRdkyhu jktuhfrd usrkvksa ds i{k esa vf/kd
>qdk fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] ftuls cnys esa] fuokZpu izfØ;k ds ek/;e ls O;kid lekt ds izfr cká :i ls tokcnsg gksus dh vis{kk dh tkrh
gSA lekt ds izfr tokcnsgh ykus ds iz;kl djus dh bl iz.kkyh ls dksbZ lek/kku izkIr ugha gqvk gS] vkSj blls 'kklu ds fy, vusd
izfrdwy ifj.kke lkeus vk, gSA
flfoy lsokvksa esa tokcnsgh ds lq/kkj ds fy, dqN fo'ks"k mik;ksa ij fopkj fd;k tk ldrk gSA vuqPNsn 311 vkSj 312 ds mica/kksa
dk iqujh{k.k fd;k tkuk pkfg, vkSj flfoy lsokvksa dh cká tokcnsgh ds fy, fof/k ,oa fofu;e cuk, tkus pkfg,A izLrkfor flfoy lsok
fo/ks;d buesa ls dqN vko';drkvksa dks iwjk djus dk iz;kl djrk gSA o`fRrd ¼izksQs'kuy½ flfoy lsokvksa vkSj jktuhfrd dk;Zikfydk dh
viuh&viuh Hkwfedk,a ifjHkkf"kr dh tkuh pkfg, rkfd o`fRrd izca/kdh; dk;Z vkSj flfoy lsokvksa ds izca/ku dk vjktuhfrdj.k gks ldsA
bl iz;kstu ds fy, dsanz vkSj jkT;ksa esa izHkkoh lkafof/kd flfoy lsok cksMZ cuk, tkus pkfg,A 'kklu vkSj fu.kZ;u dks yksxksa ds vf/kd lehi
ykus gsrq lRrk dk fodsanzhdj.k vkSj voØe.k ¼MhoksY;w'ku½ Hkh tokcnsgh ds lao/kZu esa lgk;d gksrk gSA

1- ifjPNsn ds vuqlkj] fuEufyf[kr esa dkSuls dkjd@dkjdksa 2- ifjPNsn dk lanHkZ ysrs gq,] fuEufyf[kr iwoZ/kkj.kk,a cukbZ
ds dkj.k 'kklu@yksd iz'kklu ds fy, izfrdwy ifj.kke xbZ gS %
lkeus vk, gS\ 1- lekt ds izfr flfoy lsokvksa dh tokcnsgh esa
jktuhfrd dk;Zikfydk ,d vojks/k gS
1- vkarfjd ,oa cká tokcnsfg;ksa ds chp larqyu 2- Hkkjrh; jktuhfr&O;oLFkk ds orZeku <kaps esa]
cukus esa flfoy lsokvksa dh v{kerk jktuhfrd dk;Zikfydk lekt ds izfr tokcnsg
2- vf[ky Hkkjrh; lsokvksa ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, ugha jg xbZ gS
i;kZIr o`fRrd izf'k{k.k dk vHkko bu iwoZ/kkj.kkvksa esa dkSulh oS/k gS@gSa\
3- flfoy lsokvksa esa mi;qDr lsok fgrykHkksa dh deh ¼a½ dsoy 1
4- bl lanHkZ esa jktuhfrd dk;Zikfydk ds] vkSj ¼b½ dsoy 2
mldh rqyuk esa] o`fRrd flfoy lsokvksa ds ¼c½ 1 vkSj 2 nksuksa
viuh&viuh Hkwfedkvksa dks ifjHkkf"kr djus okys ¼d½ u rks 1] u gh 2
lkafo/kkfud mica/kksa dk vHkko
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj pqfu, %
¼a½ dsoy 1
¼b½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3
¼c½ dsoy 1 vkSj 4
¼d½ 2] 3 vkSj 4
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

3. Which one of the following is the essential 4. According to the passage, which one of the
message implied by this passage? following is not a means of enhancing internal
accountability of civil services?
(a) Civil services are not accountable to the
society they are serving (a) Better job security and safeguards
(b) Educated and enlightened persons are (b) Supervision by Central Vigilance
not taking up political leadership Commission
(c) The framers of the constitution did not (c) Judicial review of executive decisions
envisage the problems being (d) Seeking accountability through
encountered by the civil services. enhanced participation by people in
(d) There is a need and scope for reforms to decision making process
improve the accountability of civil

Passage – 2
In general, religious traditions stress our duty to god, or to some universal ethical principle. Our duties to
one another derive from these. The religious concept of rights is primarily derived from our relationship to this
divinity or principle and the implication it has on our other relationships. This correspondence between rights
and duties is critical to any further understanding of justice. But for justice to be practiced; virtue, rights and
duties cannot remain formal abstractions. They must be grounded in a community (common unity) bound
together by a sense of common union (communion). Even as a personal virtue, this solidarity is essential to the
practice and understanding of justice.

5. With reference to the passage, the following 6. Which one of the following is the crux of this
assumptions have been made; passage?
1. Human relationships are derived from (a) Our duties to one another derives from
their religious traditions our religious traditions
(b) Having relationships to the divine
2. Human beings can be duty bound only principle is a great virtue
if they believe in god (c) Balance between rights and duties are
3. Religious traditions are essential to crucial to the delivery of justice in a
practice and understand justice. society.
Which of these assumptions(s) is/ are (d) Religious concept of rights is primarily
valid? derived from our relationship to god
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
3- fuEufyf[kr esa dkSulk ,d] bl ifjPNsn esa vUrfuZfgr 4- ifjPNsn ds vuqlkj] fuEufyf[kr esa dkSulk ,d flfoy
vfuok;Z lans'k gS\ lsokvksa dh vkarfjd tokcnsgh ds lao/kZu dk lk/ku ugha
¼a½ flfoy lsok,a ml lekt ds izfr tokcnsg gS\
ugha gS ftldh lsok os dj jgh gS
¼b½ f'kf{kr rFkk izcq) O;fDr jktuhfrd usr`Ro ¼a½ csgrj dk;Z&lqj{kk vkSj j{kksik;
ugha ys jgs gS ¼b½ dsUnzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx }kjk fujh{k.k
¼c½ lafo/kku fuekZrkvksa us flfoy lsokvksa ds le{k ¼c½ vf/k'kk"kh fu.kZ;ksa dk U;kf;d iqufoZyksdu
vkus okyh leL;kvksa dk fopkj ugha fd;k ¼d½ fu.kZ;u izfØ;k esa yksxksa dh c<+h gqbZ
¼d½ flfoy lsokvksa dh tokcnsgh esa lao/kZu gsrq lgHkkfxrk }kjk tokcnsgh [kkstuk
lq/kkjksa dh vko';drkvkSj xaqtkb’k gS

ifjPNsn & 2

lkekU; :i esa] /kkfeZd ijEijk,Wa bZ'oj ds ;k fdlh lkoZHkkSe uSfrd fl)kar ds izfr gekjs drZO; ij cy nsrh gSA
,d nwljs ds izfr gekjs drZO; bUgha ls O;qRiUu gksrs gSA vf/kdkjksa dh /kkfeZd ladYiuk eq[;r% bl nsoRo ;k fl)kar ds
lkFk gekjs laca/k ls vkSj gekjs vU; laca/kksa ij iM+us okys blds fufgrkFkZ ls gh O;qRiUu gqbZ gSA vf/kdkjksa vkSj drZO;ksa ds
chp ;g laxrrk U;k; ds fdlh mPprj cks/k ds fy, egRoiw.kZ gSA fdUrq] U;k; dks vkpj.k esa ykus ds fy, ln~xq.k]
vf/kdkj vkSj drZO; vkSipkfjd vewrZ rRo ugha jg ldrsA mUgsa lkekU; feyu ¼dE;qfu;u½ ds laosnu ls ca/ks gq,
leqnk; ¼lkekU; ,drk½ esa mrkjuk ijeko';d gSA oS;fDrd ln~xq.k ds :i esa Hkh ;g ,dkRerk] U;k; dh lk/kuk vkSj
cks/k ds fy, vko';d gSA

6- fuEufyf[kr esa dkSulk ,d] bl ifjPNsn dk eeZ

5- ifjPNsn dk lanHkZ ysrs gq,] fuEufyf[kr gS\
iwoZ/kkj.kk,a cukbZ xbZ gS %
1- ekuo laca/k mudh /kkfeZd ijaijkvksa ls ¼a ½ ,d&nwljs ds izfr gekjs drZO; gekjh
O;qRiUu gksrs gS /kkfeZd ijEijkvksa ls O;qRiUu gksrs gS
2- euq"; drZO; ls rHkh ca/ks gks ldrs gS ¼b ½ fnO; fl)kar ls laca/k j[kuk egku
tc os bZ'oj esa fo'okl djsa ln~xq.k gS
3- U;k; dh lk/kuk vkSj cks/k ds fy, ¼c ½ vf/kdkjksa vkSj drZO;ksa ds chp larqyu
/kkfeZd ijEijk,Wa vko';d gSa lekt esa U;k; fnykus ds fy, fu.kkZ;d
buesa ls dkSulh iwoZ/kkj.kk@iwoZ/kkj.kk,a oS/k gS@gSa\ gS
¼a ½ dsoy 1 ¼d ½ vf/kdkjksa dh /kkfeZd ladYiuk eq[;r%
¼b ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3 bZ'oj ds lkFk gekjs laca/k ls O;qRiUu
¼c ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 3 gqbZ gS
¼d ½ 1] 2 vkSj 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
7. A ate grapes and pineapples; B ate grapes and 10. Consider the following statement:
oranges; C ate oranges, pineapples and apple; "We shall go either for a picnic or for
D ate grapes, apple and pineapple. After trekking".
taking fruits, B and C fell sick. Which of the following, if true, would
In the light of the above facts it can be said falsify this claim?
that the cause of sickness was: (a) We go for a picnic but not for trekking
(a) Apple (b) Activities such as picnic and trekking
(b) Pineapple are encouraged by the health authorities
(c) Grapes (c) We go for trekking and not for picnic
(d) Oranges (d) We do not go either for picnic or for
8. Consider the following statements: trekking
1. The rate of population growth is 11. There were 50 faculty members comprising
increasing in the country 30 males and rest females. No male faculty
2. The death rate is declining faster in the member knew music, but many of the female
country compared to birth rate faculty members did. The head of the
3. The birth rate is declining faster in the Institution invited six faculty members to a tea
country compared to death rate party by draw of lots. At the party it was
4. Rural urban migration is taking place discovered that no member knew music. The
regularly in the country conclusion is that:
Which one of the following conclusions may (a) The party comprised male faculty
be true in the light of the above facts? members only
(a) The rate of population growth is (b) The party comprised only those female
increasing due to rural-urban migration faculty members who could not give
(b) The rate of population growth is renderings in music
increasing due to decline in death rate (c) The party comprised both male and
only female faculty members
(c) The rate of population growth is (d) Nothing can be said about the gender
increasing due to increase in birth rate composition of the party
only 12. Five people A, B, C, D and E are seated about
(d) The rate of population growth is a round table. Every chair is spaced
increasing due to faster decline in death equidistant from adjacent chairs.
rate than in birth rate (i) C is seated next to A
9. A person X was driving in a place where all (ii) A is seated two seats from D
roads ran either north-south or east- west, (iii) B is not seated next to A.
forming a grid. Roads are at a distance of 1 On the basis of above information,
km from each other in a parallel. He started at which of the following must be true?
the intersection of two roads, drove 3 km 1. D is seated next to B
north, 3 km west and 4 km south. Which 2. E is seated next to A
further route could bring him 3. D and C are separated by two seats
back to his starting point, if the same route is Select the correct answer using the code
not repeated? given below:
(a) 3 km east, then 2 km south (a) 1 only
(b) 3 km east, then 1 km north (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 km north, then 2 km west (c) 3 only
(d) 3 km south, then 1 km north (d) Neither 1 nor 2 nor 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
10- fuEufyf[kr dFku ij fopkj dhft;s%
7- A us vaxwj vkSj vuUukl [kk,( B us vaxwj vkSj ukjafx;kWa ßge ;k rks fidfud ij tk;saxs ;k nqxZe ;k=k ij tk;saxsß
[kkbZ( C us ukjafx;kWa] vuUukl vkSj lsc [kk,A D us fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk ;fn lR; gS] rks bl nkos dks
vaxwj] lsc vkSj vuUukl [kk,A Qy [kkus ds ckn B vkSj >qBykrk gS\
C chekj iM+ x,A ¼a½ ge fidfud ij tkrs gSa fdUrq nqxZe ;k=k ij
mi;qZDr rF;ksa ds izdk'k esa] chekjh dk dkj.k fdls dgk ugha tkrs
tk ldrk gS\ ¼b½ fidfud vkSj nqxZe ;k=k tSlh xfrfof/k;ksa dk
¼a½ lsc LokLF; izkf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk mRlkg&o/kZu fd;k
tkrk gS
¼b½ vuUukl
¼c½ ge nqxZe ;k=k ij tkrs gS vkSj fidfud ij
¼c½ vaxwj
ugha tkrs
¼d½ ukjafx;kWa
¼d½ ge u rks fidfud ij tkrs gS] u gh nqxZe
8- fuEufyf[kr dFkuksa ij fopkj dhft, %
;k=k ij tkrs gS
1- ns'k esa tula[;k o`f) nj c<+ jgh gS
11- 50 ladk;&lnL; Fks] ftuesa 30 iq#"k rFkk 'ks"k fL=;kWa
2- ns'k esa e`R;q nj] tUe nj dh rqyuk esa rsth ls
FkhA dksbZ Hkh iq#"k ladk;&lnL; laxhr ugha tkurk Fkk]
?kV jgh gS
ysfdu vusd L=h ladk;&lnL;ksa dks laaxhr dh tkudkjh
3- ns'k esa tUe nj] e`R;q nj dh rqyuk esa rsth ls
FkhA ml laLFkk ds v/;{k us ykWVjh }kjk N%
?kV jgh gS
ladk;&lnL;ksa dks pk;&ikVhZ ij fueaf=r fd;kA ikVhZ ds
4- ns'k esa fu;fer :i ls xzke&uxj izolu gks
le; ;g irk pyk fd dksbZ Hkh lnL; laxhr ugha
jgk gS
tkurk gSA fu"d"kZ fudyrk gS fd
mi;qZDr rF;ksa ds izdk'k esa] fuEufyf[kr fu"d"kksZa esa ls
dkSulk ,d] lgh gks ldrk gS\ ¼a½ ikVhZ esa ek= iq#"k ladk;&lnL; gh Fks
¼a½ xzke uxj izolu ds dkj.k tula[;k o`f) nj ¼b½ ikVhZ esa dsoy ogh L=h ladk;&lnL;k,a
c<+ jgh gS lfEefyr Fkh tks laxhr izLrqr ugha dj ldrh
¼b½ dsoy e`R;q nj ?kVus ds dkj.k tula[;k o`f)
nj c<+ jgh gS ¼c½ ikVhZ esa lfEefyr ladk;&lnL; iq#"k rFkk
L=h nksuksa Fks
¼c½ dsoy tUe nj o`f) gksus ds dkj.k tula[;k
o`f) nj c<+ jgh gS ¼d½ ikVhZ ds fyax&la;kstu ds ckjs esa dqN ugha
dgk tk ldrk
¼d½ e`R;q nj esa] tUe nj dh vis{kk rsth ls
fxjkoV gksus ds dkj.k tula[;k o`f) nj c<+ 12- ikap yksx A, B, C, D vkSj E, ,d xksy est ds pkjksa
jgh gS vksj cSBs gq, gSA izR;sd dqlhZ fudVorhZ dqflZ;ksa ls
le&nwjLFk gSA
9- dksbZ O;fDr X ,sls LFkku ij xkM+h pyk jgk gS tgkWa lHkh
lM+dsa ;k rks mRrj&nf{k.k dh vksj ;k iwoZ&if'pe dh ¼a½ C, A ds cxy esa cSBk gS
vksj tkrs gq, fxzM cukrh gSA lM+dsa ,d nwljs ls lekarj ¼b½ A, D ls nks lhV ds varj ij cSBk gS
1 km dh nwjh ij gSA og nks lM+dksa ds izfrPNsnu LFky ¼c½ B, A ds cxy esa ugha cSBk gS
ls xkM+h pykuk vkjaHk dj] 3 km mRrj esa] 3 km mi;qZDr lwpuk ds vk/kkj ij] fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk
lgh gksuk gh pkfg,\
if'pe esa vkSj 4 km nf{k.k esa pykA vkxs dkSu lk ekxZ
mls mlds vkjafHkd LFkku ij okil yk ldsxk] ;fn og 1 D, B ds cxy esa cSBk gS
mlh ekxZ ij nqckjk u pys\ 2 E, A ds cxy esa cSBk gS
¼a½ 3 km iwoZ] rc 2 km nf{k.k 3 D vkSj C ds chp nks lhVksa dk vUrjky gS
¼b½ 3 km iwoZ] rc 1 km mRrj uhps fn, x, dwV dk izos'k dj lgh mRrj pqfu,
¼c½ 1 km mRrj] rc 2 km if'pe ¼a½ dsoy 1
¼d½ 3 km nf{k.k] rc 1 km mRrj ¼b½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2
¼c½ dsoy 3
¼d ½ u rks 1] u gh 2] u gh 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
13. There are five hobby clubs in a college- 14. There are some nectar filled flowers on a tree
photography, yachting, chess, electronics and and some bees are hovering on it. If one bee
gardening. The gardening groups meets every lands on each flower, one bee will be left out.
second day, the electronics group meets every If two bees land on each flower, one flower
third day, the chess group meets every fourth will be left out. The number of flowers and
day, the yachting group meets every fifth day bees respectively are:
and the photography group meets every sixth (a) 2 and 4
day. How many times do all the five groups (b) 3 and 2
meet on the same day within 180 days? (c) 3 and 4
(a) 5 (d) 4 and 3
(b) 18
(c) 10
(d) 3

Directions for the following 5 (five) items : Consider the following information and answer the
five items that follow:
There are five persons in a group - P, Q, R, S and T. The group has one doctor, one lawyer
and one artist. P and S are unmarried students. T is a man married to one of the group members.
Q is the brother of P and is neither doctor nor artist. R is not doctor.

15. Who is the doctor ? 19. Who of the following is definitely a man ?
(a) T (a) P
(b) P (b) S
(c) Q (c) Q
(d) R (d) None of the above

16. Who is the artist ? 20. There is an order of 19000 quantity of a

(a) P particular product from a customer. The firm
(b) Q products 1000 quantity of that product per day
(c) R out of which 5% are unfit for sale. In how
(d) T many days will the order be completed ?
(a) 18
17. Who is the spouse of R ? (b) 19
(a) P (c) 20
(b) T (d) 22
(c) Q
(d) S

18. Who is the lawyer?

(a) P
(b) Q
(c) R
(d) S
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

13- ,d dkWyst esa ikap gkWch Dyc gS &QksVksxzkQh] 14- ,d isM+ ij e/kqjl ls ifjiw.kZ dqN Qwy gS vkSj
ukSdkfogkj] 'krjat] bysDVªksfudh vkSj ckxckuhA dqN e/kqefD[k;kA mu Qwyksa ij eaMjk jgh gSA
ckxckuh ny gj nwljs fnu ,d= gksrk gS] ;fn ,d e/kqeD[kh izR;sd Qwy ij cSB tk, rks
bysDVªksfudh ny gj rhljs fnu ,d= gksrk gS] ,d e/kqeD[kh NwV tkrh gSA ;fn nks e/kqefD[k;kWa
'krjat ny gj pkSFks fnu ,d= gksrk gS] izR;sd Qwy ij cSB tk,a rks ,d Qwy NwV tkrk
ukSdkfogkj ny gj ikaposa fnu ,d= gksrk gS vkSj gSA Qwyksa ,oa e/kqefD[k;ksa dh la[;k Øe'k% fdruh
QksVksxzkQh ny gj NBosa fnu ,d= gksrk gSA 180 gS\
fnuksa esa lHkh ikapksa ny ,d gh fnu esa fdruh ¼a ½ 2 vkSj 4
ckj ,d= gq,\ ¼b ½ 3 vkSj 2
¼a ½ 5 ¼c ½ 3 vkSj 4
¼b ½ 18 ¼d ½ 4 vkSj 3
¼c ½ 10
¼d ½ 3

fuEufyf[kr ikap ¼05½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % uhps nh xbZ lwpuk ij fopkj dhft, vkSj blds ckn
vkus okys ikap iz'uka'kksa ds mRrj nhft, %
,d ny esa ikap O;fDr gS P, Q, R, S vkSj T ny esa ,d fpfdRld] ,d odhy vkSj ,d dykdkj gSA
P vkSj S vfookfgr fo|kFkhZ gSA T ,d iq#"k gS ftldk fookg ny ds ,d lnL; ls gqvk gSA Q, P dk
HkkbZ gS vkSj og u rks fpfdRld gS] u gh dykdkjA R fpfdRld ugha gSA
19- fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu fuf'pr :i ls
15- fpfdRld dkSu gS\ iq#"k gS\
¼a ½ T ¼a ½ P
¼b ½ P ¼b ½ S
¼c ½ Q ¼c ½ Q
¼d ½ S
¼d ½ mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ ugha
16- dykdkj dkSu gS\
¼a ½ T
20- ,d xzkgd }kjk fdlh [kkl mRikn dh
¼b ½ P
¼c ½ Q
19000 ek=k dk ,d Ø;&vkns'k fn;k
¼d ½ S x;k gSA dEiuh izfrfnu ml mRikn dh
17- R dk ifr@iRuh dkSu gS\ 1000 ek=k mRikfnr djrh gS ftlesa ls
¼a ½ T 50% fcØh ds vuqi;qDr gksrh gSA
¼b ½ P Ø;&vkns'k fdrus fnuksa esa iwjk gksxk\
¼c ½ Q ¼a ½ 18
¼d ½ S ¼b ½ 19
18- odhy dkSu gS\
¼c ½ 20
¼a ½ T
¼d ½ 22
¼b ½ P
¼c ½ Q
¼d ½ S
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

Directions for the following 5 (five) items : Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow
each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Passage - 1
Biomass as fuel for power, heat and transport has the highest mitigation potential of all renewable
sources. It comes from agriculture and forest residues as well as from energy crops. The biggest challenge in
using biomass residues is a long term reliable supply delivered to the power plant at reasonable costs: the key
problems are logistical constraints and the costs of fuel collection. Energy crops, if not managed properly,
compete with food production and may have undesirable impacts on food prices. Biomass production is also
sensitive to the physical impacts of a changing climate.
Projections of the future role of biomass are probably overestimated, given the limits to the sustainable
biomass supply, unless breakthrough technologies substantially increase productivity. Climate energy models
projects that biomass use could increase nearly four fold to around 150-200 exajoules, almost a quarter of world
primary energy in 2050. However the maximum sustainable technical potential of biomass resources (both
residues and energy crops) without disruption of food and forest resources ranges from 80-170 exajoules a year
by 2050, and only part of this is realistically and economically feasible. In addition some climate models rely on
biomass based carbon capture and storage, an unproven technology to achieve negative emissions and to buy
some time during the first half of the country.
Some liquid biofuels such a corn- based ethanol, mainly for transport, may aggravate rather than
ameliorate carbon emissions on a life cycle basis. Second generation biofuels, based on lingo-cellulosic
feedstocks- such as straw, bagasse, grass and wood - hold the promise of sustainable production that is high
yielding and emit low levels of greenhouse gases, but these are still in the R and D stage.

21. What is/ are the present constraint/ 22. Which of the following can lead to
constraints in using biomass as fuel for food security problem?
power generation? 1. Using agricultural and forest
1. Lack of sustainable supply of residues as feedstock for power
biomass generation.
2. Biomass production competes 2. Using biomass for carbon
with food production capture and storage
3. Bio-energy may not always be 3. Promoting the cultivation of
low carbon on a life cycle basis energy crops
Select the correct answer using the Select the correct answer using the
code given below- code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only (b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

vkus okys 5 ¼ikap½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % fuEufyf[kr nks ifjPNsnksa dks if<+;s rFkk izR;sd ifjPNsn ds i'pkr~ vkus
okys iz'uka'kksa ds mRrj nhft,A bu iz'uka'kksa ds vkids mRrj ifjPNsnksa ij vk/kkfjr gh gksus pkfg,A
ifjPNsn & 1
'kfDr] Å".kk vkSj ifjogu ds bZa/ku ds :i esa tSoek=k ¼ck;ksekl½ dh U;wuhdj.k leFkZrk lHkh; L=ksrksa
ls vf/kd gSA ;g Ñf"k vkSj ou vof'k"Vksa] lkFk gh ÅtkZ&Qlyksa ls izkIr gksrh gSA tSoek=k vof'k"Vksa dk mi;ksx djus
esa lcls cM+h pqukSrh 'kfDr&la;a=ksa esa mfpr ykxr ij dh tkusokyh mudh fo'oluh; nh?kkZof/k iwfrZ gh gS] eq[;
leL;k,a lqizpkyfud ¼ykWftfLVdy½ vojks/k vkSj bZa/ku&laxzg.k dh ykxr gSA ;fn ÅtkZ&Qlyksa dk mfpr jhfr ls
izca/ku u gks rks] os vUu mRiknu ds lkFk izfrLi/kkZ djrh gS vkSj vUu dh dherksa ij mudk vokafNr vlj iM+ ldrk
gSA tSoek=k dk mRiknu ifjorZu'khu tyok;q ds HkkSfrd izHkkoksa ds izfr Hkh laosnu'khy gksrk gSA
tc rd uo&izkS|ksfxdh mRikndrk dks lkjHkwr :i esa u c<+k,a] rc rd /; tSoek=k iwfrZ dh lhekvksa dks
ns[krs gq,] tSoek=k dh Hkkoh Hkwfedk dk laHkor% okLrfodrk ls vf/kd vuqeku yxk;k x;k gSA tyok;q&ÅtkZ izfr:i
;g izdfYir djrs gS fd 2050 esa ck;ksekl dk mi;ksx yxHkx pkjxquk c<+ dj 150&200 ,Dlktwy gks ldrk gS tks
fd fo'o dh izkFkfed ÅtkZ ;k yxHkx ,d&pkSFkkbZ gSA ijUrq [kk| ,oa oU; lalk/kuksa dk dksbZ fouk'k fd, fcuk] 2050
rd izfro"kZ ck;ksekl lalk/kuksa dh vf/kdre /; rduhdh {kerk ¼vof'k"V vkSj ÅtkZ Qly nksuksa½ 80&170
,Dlktwy ds ifjlj esa gksxh vkSj bldk flQZ ,d va'k okLrfod vkSj vkfFkZd :i ls lk/; gksxkA blds vfrfjDr dqN
tyok;q izfr:i _.kkRed mRltZu izkIr djus vkSj 'krkCnh ds iwokZ/kZ esa dqN eqgyr tqVkus ds fy, ck;ksekl vk/kkfjr
dkcZu izxzg.k ,oa lap;u ij] tks fd ,d izkS|ksfxdh gS] vkfJr gSA
dqN nzO; tSobZ/ku tSls edbZ vk/kkfjr bFksuksy] izeq[k :i ls ifjogu gsrq] thou pØ vk/kkfjr nwljh ih<+h ds
dqN tSobZa/ku tSls fd iqvky] [kksbZ] ?kkl vkSj dk"B ,sls /; mRiknu dh lEHkkO;rk j[krs gS tks mPp mRikndrk
okys gks rFkk xzhugkml xSl ds fuEu Lrj dk mRltZu djsa] fdUrq os vHkh rd vuqla/kku vkSj fo'ys"k.k ds pj.k esa gSA

21- 'kfDr&tuu ds fy, tSoek=k dks bZa/ku ds :i esa 22- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlds@fduds dkj.k
bLrseky djus esa ekStwnk ck/kk@ck/kk,a D;k gS@ [kk|&lqj{kk dh leL;k gks ldrh gS\
gSa\ 1- 'kfDr&tuu gsrq Ñf"k ,oa ou vof'k"Vksa
1- tSoek=k dh /; iwfrZ dk vHkko dk Hkj.k&lkexzh ¼QhMLVkWd½ ds :i esa
2- tSoek=k mRiknu vUu&mRiknu ds lkFk mi;ksx djuk
izfrLi/kkZ gks tkrk gS 2- tSoek=k dk dkcZu izxzg.k ,oa lap;u
3- tSo&ÅtkZ] thou&pØ vk/kkj ij] lnSo ds fy, mi;ksx djuk
fuEu&dkcZu ugha gks ldrh 3- ÅtkZ&Qlyksa dh Ñf"k dks c<+kok nsuk
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj
pqfu, % pqfu,%
¼a ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2 ¼a ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2
¼b ½ dsoy 3 ¼b ½ dsoy 3
¼c ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3 ¼c ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3
¼d ½ 1] 2 vkSj 3 ¼d ½ 1] 2 vkSj 3
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

23. In the context of using biomass, which of the

following is/ are the characteristic/
characteristics of the sustainable production of 24. With reference to the passage, following
biofuel? assumptions have been made:
1. Biomass as a fuel for power generation 1. Some climate-energy models suggest
could meet all the primary energy that the use of biomass as a fuel for
requirements of the world by 2050 power generation helps in mitigating
2. Biomass as a fuel for power generation greenhouse gas emissions.
does not necessarily disrupt food and 2. It is not possible to use biomass as a
forest resources. fuel for power generation without
3. Biomass as a fuel for power generation disrupting food and forest resources
could help in achieving negative Which of these assumptions is/ are valid?
emissions, given certain nascent (a) 1 only
technologies (b) 2 only
Select the correct answer using the code given (c) Both 1 and 2
below: (d) Neither 1 nor 2
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Passage – 2
We are witnessing a dangerous dwindling of biodiversity in our food supply. The green revolution is a
mixed blessing. Over time farmers have come to rely heavily on broadly adapted, high yield crops to the
exclusion of varieties adapted to the local conditions. Monocropping vast fields with the same genetically
uniform seeds helps boost yield and meet immediate hunger needs. Yet high-yield varieties are also generically
weaker crops that require expensive chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides. In our focus on increasing the
amount of food we produce today, we have accidentally put ourselves at risk for food shortages in future.

25. Which among the following is the most logical and critical inference that can be made from the above
passage ?
(a) In our agricultural practices, we have become heavily dependent on expensive chemical fertilizers
and toxic pesticides only due to green revolution.
(b) Monocropping vast fields with high-yield varieties is possible due to green revolution
(c) Monocropping with high-yield varieties is the only way to ensure food security to millions.
(d) Green revolution can pose a threat to biodiversity in food supply and food security in the long run
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

23- tSoek=k ds mi;ksx ds lanHkZ esa] fuEufyf[kr esa 24- bl ifjPNsn ds lanHkZ esa] fuEufyf[kr iwoZ/kkj.kk,Wa
dkSulh@dkSu&dkSulh] tSo&bZa/ku ds /; cukbZ xbZ gS%
mRiknu dh fo'ks"krk@fo'ks"krk,a gS@gSa\ 1- dqN tyok;q&ÅtkZ izfr:i ;g lq>krs gS
1- 2050 rd] 'kfDr&tuu ds bZa/ku ds :i esa fd 'kfDr tuu ds bZa/ku ds :i esa
tSoek=k ls fo'o dh lHkh izkFkfed ÅtkZ ck;ksekl dk mi;ksx xzhugkml xSl
vko';drkvksa dh iwfrZ gks ldrh gS mRltZuksa dks de djus esa lgk;d gksrk gS
2- 'kfDr tuu ds bZa/ku ds :i esa tSoek=k ls 2- 'kfDr&tuu ds bZ/ku ds :i esa ck;ksekl
[kk| ,oa ou lalk/kuksa dk vko';d :i ls dk mi;ksx djuk] [kk+| ,oa ou lalk/kuksa
fouk'k ugha gksrk gS dks ckf/kr fd, fcuk laHko ugha gS
3- dqN mnh;eku izkS|ksfxfd;ksa dh eku ysa rks bu iwoZ/kkj.kkvksa esa dkSulh oS/k gS@gSa\
'kfDr tuu ds bZa/ku ds :i esa tSoek=k] ¼a ½ dsoy 1
_.kkRed mRltZu izkIr djus esa lgk;d ¼b ½ dsoy 2
gks ldrh gS ¼c ½ 1 vkSj 2 nksuksa
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj ¼d ½ u rks 1] u gh 2
¼a ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2
¼b ½ dsoy 3
¼c ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3
¼d ½ 1] 2 vkSj 3
ifjPNsn & 2
ge viuh [kk|&iwfrZ esa tSo&fofo/krk dh [krjukd deh ns[k jgs gSA gfjr Økafr ,d feyk&tqyk ojnku gSA
le; ds lkFk&lkFk] fdlkuksa dh fuHkZjrk O;kid :i ls viukbZ xbZ mPp mit okyh Qlyksa ij cgqr vf/kd c<+rh xbZ
gS vkSj os LFkkuh; n'kkvksa ls vuqdwyrk j[kus okyh fdLeksa dks NksM+rs x, gSA fo'kky [ksrksa esa vkuqoaf'kdr% ,dleku
¼tsusfVdyh ;wfuQkWeZ½ chtksa dh ,d&Qlyh [ksrh ls c<+h gqbZ mit izkIr djus vkSj Hkw[k dh rkRdkfyd t:jrksa dks iwjk
djus esa enn feyrh gSA rFkkfi] mPp mit okyh fdLesa vkuqoaf'kdr% nqcZy Qlysa Hkh gksrh gS ftuds fy, egaxs
jklk;fud moZjdksa vkSj fo"kkDr dhVuk'kdksa dh t:jr gksrh gSA mxk, tk jgs [kk|&inkFkksZa dh ek=k c<+kus ij gh
vkt viuk /;ku dsafnzr dj] ge vutkus esa Lo;e~ dks Hkkoh [kk|&vHkko gksus ds tksf[ke esa Mky pqds gSA

25- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk] lcls rdZlaxr vkSj fu.kkZ;d fu"d"kZ ¼buQsjsal½ fudkyk tk
ldrk gS\
¼a½ viuh Ñf"k i)fr;ksa esa ge dsoy gfjr Økafr ds dkj.k egaxs jklk;fud moZjdksa vkSj fo"kkDr dhVuk'kdksa
ij vk/kkfjr fuHkZj gks x;s gS
¼b½ fo'kky [ksrksa esa mPp mit okyh fdLeksa dh ,d&Qlyh [ksrh gfjr Økafr ds dkj.k laHko gS
¼c½ mPp mit okyh fdLeksa dh ,d&Qlyh [ksrh djksM+ksa yksxksa ds fy, [kk| lqj{kk lqfuf'pr djus dk
,dek= rjhdk gS
¼d½ gfjr Økafr] nh?kZ dky esa [kk|&iwfrZ vkSj [kk| lqj{kk esa tSo&fofo/krk ds fy, [krjk izLrqr dj ldrh gS
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

26. A class starts at 11:00 am and lasts till 2:27 29. In aid of charity, every student in a class
pm. Four periods of equal duration are held contributes as many rupees as the number of
during this interval. After every period a rest students in that class. With the additional
of 5 minutes is given to the students. The contribution of Rs. 2 by one student only.
exact duration of each period is: The total collection is Rs. 443. Then how
(a) 48 minutes many students are there in the class?
(b) 50 minutes (a) 12
(c) 51 minutes (b) 21
(d) 53 minutes (c) 43
27. Four friends A, B, C and D needs to cross a (d) 45
bridge. A maximum of two persons can cross
it at a time. It is night and they just have one 30. Anita's mathematics test had 70 problems
lamp. Persons that cross the bridge must carry carrying equal marks i.e. 10 arithmetic, 30
the lamp to find the way. A pair must walk algebra and 30 geometry. Although she
together at the speed of slower person. After answered 70% of the arithmetic, 40% of the
crossing the bridge the person having faster algebra and 60% of the geometry problems
speed in the pair will return with the lamp correctly, she did not pass the test because she
each time to accompany another person in the got less than 60% marks. The number of more
group. Finally the lamp has to be returned at questions she would have to answer correctly
the original place and the person who returns to earn a 60% passing marks is:
the lamp has to cross the bridge again without (a) 1
lamp. To cross the bridge, the time taken by (b) 5
them is as follows: A: 1 minute, B: 2 minutes (c) 7
C: 7 minutes and D: 10 minutes. What is the (d) 9
total minimum time required by all the friends
to cross the bridge? 31. In a class, there are 18 very tall boys. If these
(a) 23 minutes constitute three-fourths of the boys and the
(b) 22 minutes total number of boys is two-thirds of the total
(c) 21 minutes number of students in the class, what is the
(d) 20 minutes number of girls in the class?
28. 30 g of sugar was mixed in 180 ml water in a (a) 6
vessel A, 40 g of sugar was mixed in 280 ml (b) 12
of water in vessel B and 20g of sugar was (c) 18
mixed in 100ml of water in vessel C. The (d) 21
solution in vessel B is:
(a) Sweeter than that in C
(b) Sweeter than that in A
(c) As sweet as that in C
(d) Less sweet than that in C
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

26- ,d d{kk iwokZg~u 11%00 cts izkjaHk gksrh gS vkSj ¼b ½ A ds foy;u ls vf/kd ehBk
vijkg~u 2%27 cts lekIr gksrh gSA bl varjky ¼c ½ c ds foy;u ds leku ehBk
esa pkj leku vof/k ds ihfj;M gksrs gSA izR;sd ¼d ½ c ds foy;u ls de ehBk
ihfj;M ds ckn Nk=ksa dks 5 feuV dk foJke
fn;k tkrk gSA izR;sd ihfj;M dh Bhd&Bhd 29- /kekZFkZ nku esa] fdlh d{kk esa izR;sd fo|kFkhZ mrus
vof/k fdruh gS\ #i;s nsrk gS ftruh ml d{kk esa fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh
¼a ½ 48 feuV la[;k gSA dsoy ,d fo|kFkhZ ds 2 #i;s
¼b ½ 50 feuV vfrfjDr nsus ij dqy #i;s 443 ,d= gq, gSA
¼c ½ 51 feuV rks d{kk esa fdrus fo|kFkhZ gS\
¼d ½ 53 feuV ¼a ½ 12
27- pkj fe=ksa A, B, C vkSj D dks ,d iqy dks ikj ¼b ½ 21
djuk gSA iqy dks ,d le; esa vf/kd ls vf/kd ¼c ½ 43
nks O;fDr ikj dj ldrs gSA jkr dk le; gS ¼d ½ 45
rFkk muds ikl dsoy ,d ykyVsu gSA iqy ikj
djus okyksa dks jkLrk <wa<us ds fy, ykyVsu ys 30- vfurk dh ijh{kk esa 70 iz'u leku vadksa
tkuh pkfg,A ,d lkFk pyus okys nks O;fDr;ksa ds Fks ftuesa 10 ds] 30 ds
dks /khes pyus okys O;fDr dh pky ls pyuk vkSj 30 T;kfefr ds FksA ;|fi mlus
gksxkA iqy ikj djus ds ckn] nks O;fDr;ksa esa ls ds 70%] ds 40% vkSj T;kfefr ds
T;knk rst pyus okyk O;fDr] izR;sd ckj vius 60% iz'uksa dk lgh mRrj fn;k] og ijh{kk esa
lkFkh dks iqy ikj djok dj] ykyVsu lfgr lQy ugha gqbZ D;ksafd mlds vad 60% ls de
okil ykSV vk,xkA vUr esa ykyVsu dks vius FksA mlus fdrus vkSj iz'uksa ds lgh mRrj fn,
ewy LFkku ij j[kuk gS rFkk ykyVsu okil j[kus gksrs] ftlls fd mls 60% dk ikl izkIrkad fey
okys O;fDr dks ykyVsu ds cxSj iqy ikj djuk x;k gksrk gS\
gSA iqy ikj djus ds fy, muds }kjk fy;k x;k ¼a ½ 1
le; bl izdkj gS % A % 1 feuV] B % 2 feuV] ¼b ½ 5
C % 7 feuV] D % 10 feuVA pkjksa fe=ksa }kjk iqy ¼c ½ 7
ikj djus ds fy, dqy fdruk U;wure le; ¼d ½ 9
vko';d gS\
¼a ½ 23 feuV 31- ,d d{kk esa 18 yM+ds cgqr yEcs gSA ;fn ;s
¼b ½ 22 feuV yM+ds] yM+dksa dh dqy la[;k ds rhu&pkSFkkbZ gS
¼c ½ 21 feuV vkSj yM+dksa dh la[;k d{kk ds Nk=ksa dh dqy
¼d ½ 20 feuV la[;k dh nks frgkbZ gS] rks d{kk esas yM+fd;ksa dh
la[;k D;k gS\
28- ik= A esa 30 xzke 'kdZjk dks 180 fe-yh- ty esa ¼a ½ 6
feyk;k x;k] ik= B esa 40 xzke 'kdZjk dks 280 ¼b ½ 12
fe-yh- ty esa feyk;k x;k vkSj ik= C esa 20 ¼c ½ 18
xzke 'kdZjk dks 100 fe-yh- ty esa feyk;k x;kA ¼d ½ 21
ik= B dk foy;u dSlk gS\
¼a ½ C ds foy;u ls vf/kd ehBk
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

32. Consider the following statements: 33. The monthly average salary paid to all the
1. Either A and B are of the same age or A employees of a company was Rs. 5000. The
is older than B monthly average salary paid to male and
2. Either C and D are of the same age or D female employees was Rs. 5200 and Rs. 4200
is older than C respectively. Then the percentage of males
3. B is older than C employed in the company is:
Which of the following conclusions can be (a) 75%
drawn from the above statements? (b) 80%
(a) A is older than B (c) 85%
(b) B and D are of the same age (d) 90%
(c) D is older than C
(d) A is older than C

Directions for the following 3(three) items: Consider the given information and answer the
three items that follow.
Six boxes A, B, C, D, E and F have been painted with six different colours viz., violet, indigo, blue,
green, yellow and orange and arranged from left to right (not necessarily either kept or painted with the colours
in the same order). Each box contains a ball of any one of the following six games : cricket, hockey, tennis,
gold, football and volleyball (not necessarily in the same order). The golf ball is in violet box and is not in the
box D. The box A which contains tennis ball is orange in colour and is at the extreme right. The hockey ball is
neither in box D nor in box E. The box C having cricket ball is painted green. The hockey ball is neither in the
box painted blue nor in the box painted yellow. The box C is fifth from right and next to box B. The box B
contains volleyball. The box containing the hockey ball is between the boxes containing golf ball and

34. Which one of the following boxes contains 36. The football is in the box of which colour?
the golf ball? (a) Yellow
(a) F (b) Indigo
(b) E (c) Cannot be determined as data are
(c) D inadequate
(d) None of the above (d) Blue

35. Which of the following statements is/ are

(a) D is painted yellow
(b) F is painted indigo
(c) B is painted blue
(d) All of the above
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

32- fuEufyf[kr dFkuksa ij fopkj dhft,% 33- fdlh dEiuh ds lHkh deZpkfj;ksa dk ekfld
1- ;k rks A vkSj B dh ,d cjkcj vk;q gS vkSlr osru #- 5]000 FkkA iq#"k ,oa efgyk
;k A, B ls cM+k gS deZpkfj;ksa dks iznRr ekfld vkSlr osru Øe'k%
2- ;k rks C vkSj D dh ,d cjkcj vk;q gS #- 5]200 rFkk #- 4]200 FkkA dEiuh esa dk;Zjr
;k D, C ls cM+k gS iq#"k deZpkfj;ksa dh izfr'krrk D;k gS\
3- B, C ls cM+k gS
mi;qZDr dFkuksa ls fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk ¼a ½ 75%
fu"d"kZ fudkyk tk ldrk gS\ ¼b ½ 80%
¼a ½ A, B ls cM+k gS ¼c ½ 85%
¼b ½ B vkSj D ,d cjkcj vk;q ds gS ¼d ½ 90%
¼c ½ D, C ls cM+k gS
¼d ½ A, C ls cM+k gS

vkxs vkus okys 3 ¼rhu½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % fuEufyf[kr lwpuk ij fopkj djrs gq, vkxs fn, x, rhu iz'uka'kksa ds
mRrj nhft;sA
N% cDlksa A, B, C, D, E vkSj F dks N% fofHkUu jaxksa-cSaxuh] vklekuh] uhyk] gjk] ihyk vkSj ukjaxh ls jaxk x;k gS
vkSj mUgsa ck;sa ls nk;sa dh vksj Øe esa j[kk x;k gS ¼vko';d ugha fd blh Øe ds jaxksa esa j[ks x, vFkok jaxs x,½A
izR;sd cDl esa N% [ksyksa&fØdsV] gkWdh] Vsful] xksYQ] QqVckWy vkSj okWyhckWy dh xsanksa esa ls dksbZ ,d xsan j[kh x;h gS
¼vko';d ugha fd blh Øe esa½ xksYQ dh xsan cSaxuh cDl esa gS vkSj og D cDl esa ugha gSA cDl A dk] ftlesa Vsful
ckWy gS] jax ukjaxh gS vkSj og nk;ha vksj ds vUr esa j[kk gSA gkWdh dh xsan u rks cDl D esa gS] u gh cDl E esaA cDl
C dk ftlesa fØdsV dh xsan gS] jax gjk gSA gkWdh dh xsan okyk cDl u rks uhys jax ls jaxk gS] u gh ihys jax lsA
cDl C nk;ha vkSj ls ikaposa LFkku ij gS vkSj cDl B ds cxy esa gSA cDl B esa okWyhckWy gSA gkWdh dh xsan okyk cDl]
xksYQ dh xsan okys vkSj okWyhckWy okys cDlksa ds chp esa gSA

34- fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu&ls cDl esa xksYQ dh xsan 36- QqVckWy fdl jax ds cDls esa gS\
gS\ ¼a ½ ihyk
¼a ½ F ¼b ½ vklekuh
¼b ½ E ¼c ½ vkadM+s vi;kZIr gksus ds dkj.k fu/kkZfjr
¼c ½ D ugha fd;k tk ldrk
¼d ½ mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ ugha ¼d ½ uhyk
35- fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk@ls dFku lgh gS@gSa\
¼a ½ D ihys jax ls jaxk gS
¼b ½ F vklekuh jax ls jaxk gS
¼c ½ B uhys jax ls jaxk gS
¼d ½ mi;qZDr lHkh
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

37. Two numbers X and Y are respectively 20%

and 28% less than a third number Z. By what 39. A piece of tin is in the form of a rectangle
percentage is the number Y less than the having length 12 cm and width 8cm. This is
number X? used to construct a closed cube. The side of
(a) 12% the cube is:
(b) 10% (a) 2 cm
(c) 9% (b) 3 cm
(d) 8% (c) 4 cm
(d) 6 cm
38. A daily train is to be introduced between
station A and station B starting from each end 40. In a question paper there are five questions to
at 6 AM and the journey is to be completed in be attempted and answer to each questions has
42 hours. What is the number of trains needed two choices - True (T) or False (F). It is given
in order to maintain the shuttle service? that no two candidates have given the answers
(a) 2 to the five questions in an identical sequence.
(b) 3 For this to happen the maximum number of
(c) 4 candidates is?
(d) 7 (a) 10
(b) 18
(c) 26
(d) 32
Directions for the following 8(eight) items:
Read the following eight passages and answer the item that follows each passage. Your answers
to these items should be based on the passages only.

Passage – 1
By killing transparency and competition, crony capitalism is harmful to free enterprise, opportunity and
economic growth. Crony capitalism, where rich and the influential are alleged to have received land and natural
resources and various licences in return for payoffs to venal politicians, is now a major issue to be tackled. One
of the greatest dangers to growth of developing economies like India is the middle income trap where crony
capitalism creates oligarchies that slow down the growth.

41. Which among the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?
(a) Launching more welfare schemes and allocating more finances for the current schemes are urgently
(b) Efforts should be made to push up economic growth by other means and provide licences to the
(c) Greater transparency in the functioning of the government and promoting the financial inclusion are
needed at present
(d) We should concentrate more on developing manufacturing sector than service sector.
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

37- nks la[[kk,a X vkSj Y] fdlh rhljh la[;k Z ls

Øe'k% 20% rFkk 28% de gSA la[;k Y la[;k 39- fVu dk ,d VqdM+k vk;r dh vkÑfr esa gS]
X ls fdrus izfr'kr de gS\ ftldh yEckbZ 12 lseh rFkk pkSM+kbZ 8 lseh gSA
¼a ½ 12% bldk mi;ksx dj ,d cUn ?ku fufeZr fd;k
¼b ½ 10% tkrk gSA ?ku dh Hkqtk dh yEckbZ D;k gS\
¼c ½ 9% ¼a ½ 2 lseh
¼d ½ 8% ¼b ½ 3 lseh
¼c ½ 4 lseh
38- LVs'ku A vkSj LVs'ku B ds chp] izR;sd LVs'ku ls ¼d ½ 6 lseh
6 cts lqcg pyus okyh] nSfud jsyxkM+h vkjaHk
dh tkuh gS] vkSj ;g ;k=k 42 ?kaVksa esa iwjh dh 40- ,d iz'u&i= esa ikap iz'uksa ij iz;kl fd, tkus
tkuh gSA fdruh la[;k esa jsyxkfM+;kWa pykuh gS vkSj izR;sd iz'u ds mRrj ds nks fodYi gS&
gksxh ftlls fd 'kVy lsok tkjh jgs \ lgh ¼T½ vFkok xyr ¼F½A ;g fn;k x;k gS fd
¼a ½ 2 fdUgha Hkh nks ifj{kkfFkZ;ksa us ikWapksa iz'uksa ds mRrj
¼b ½ 3 ,dleku vuqØe esa ugha fn, gSA ,slk gksus ds
¼c ½ 4 fy, ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh vf/kdre la[;k fdruh gS\
¼d ½ 7 ¼a ½ 10
¼b ½ 18
¼c ½ 26
¼d ½ 3
vkxs vkus okys 8 ¼vkB½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % fuEufyf[kr vkB ifjPNsnksa dks if<+;sa rFkk izR;sd ifjPNsn ds i'pkr~
vkus okys iz'uka'kksa ds mRrj nhft,A bu iz'uka'kksa ds vkids mRrj ifjPNsnkas ij vk/kkfjr gh gksus pkfg,A
ifjPNsn & 1
ikjnf'kZrk vkSj izfr;ksfxrk dks lekIr djus ls] Øksuh&iwWathokn ¼Øksuh&dSfiVfyT+e½ eqDr mn~xe] volj vkSj
vkfFkZd izxfr ds fy, gkfudkjd gSA Øksuh&iwWathokn] ftlesa /kuk<~; vkSj izHkko'kkyh O;fDr;ksa ij ;g vkjksi yxrk gS
fd mUgksaus Hkz"Vkpkjh jktuhfrKksa dks ?kwl nsdj tehu vkSj izkÑfrd lalk/ku rFkk fofHkUu ykblsUl izkIr fd, gS] vc
,d izeq[k eqn~nk cu x;k gS ftlls fuiVus dh t:jr gSA Hkkjr tSlh fodkl'khy vFkZO;oLFkkvksa dh lao`f) ds fy,
,d cgqr cM+k [krjk e/;&vk;&tky ¼fefMy bUde VSªi½ gS tgkWa Øksuh&iwWathokn vYira=ksa ¼vkWfyxkdhZt+½ dks fufeZr
djrk gS tks lao`f) dks /khek dj nsrs gSA
41- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn dk lokZf/kd rkfdZd mifuxeu ¼dksjksyjh½ fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk gS\
¼a½ vis{kkÑr vf/kd dY;k.kdkjh Ldheksa dks vkjaHk djus vkSj pkyw Ldheksa ds fy, vis{kkÑr vf/kd foRr
vkcafVr djus dh rRdky vko';drk gS
¼b½ vkfFkZd fodkl dks vU; ek/;eksa ls izksRlkfgr djus ,oa fu/kZuksa dks ykblsal tkjh djus dk iz;kl fd;k
tkuk pkfg,
¼c½ orZeku esa ljdkj dh dk;Z&iz.kkyh dks vkSj ikjn'khZ rFkk foRrh; lekos'ku dks izksRlkfgr djus dh
vko';drk gS
¼d½ gesa lsok {ks=d dh txg fuekZ.k {ks=d dk fodkl djus ij vf/kd /;ku dsafnzr djuk pkfg,
Passage - 2
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

Climate adaptation may be rendered ineffective if policies are not designed in the context of other
development concerns. For instance, a comprehensive strategy that seeks to improve food security in the
context of climate change may include a set of coordinated measures related to agricultural extension, crop
diversification, integrated water and pest management and agricultural information services. Some of these
measures may have to do with climate changes and others with economic development.

42. What is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?
(a) It is difficult to pursue climate adaptation in the developing countries
(b) Improving food security is a far more complex issue than climate adaptation
(c) Every development activity is directly or indirectly linked to climate adaptation
(d) Climate adaptation should be examined in tandem with other economic development options.

Passage - 3
Understanding of the role of biodiversity in the hydrological cycle enables better policy making. The term
biodiversity refers to the variety of plants, animals, microorganisms and the ecosystems in which they occur.
Water and biodiversity are interdependent. In reality the hydrological cycle decides how biodiversity functions.
In turn vegetation and soil drive the movement of water. Every glass of water we drink has, at least in part,
passed through fish, trees, bacteria, soil and other organisms. Passing through these ecosystems, it is cleansed
and made fit for consumption. The supply of water is a critical service that the environment provides.

43. Which among the following is the most critical inference that can be made from the above passage?
(a) Biodiversity sustains the ability of nature to recycle water
(b) We cannot get potable water without the existence of living organisms.
(c) Plants and animals and microorganisms continuously interact among themselves
(d) Living organisms could not have come into existence without hydrological cycle.

Passage - 4
In the last decade, the banking sector has been restructured with a high degree of automation and products
that mainly serve middle class and upper middle-class society. Today there is a need for a new agenda for the
banking and non-banking financial services that does not exclude the common man.

44. Which one of the following is the message that is essentially implied in the above passage?
(a) Need for more automation and more products of banks
(b) Need for a radical restructuring of our entire products finance system
(c) Need to integrate banking and non-banking institutions
(d) Need to promote financial inclusion

UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

tyok;q vuqdwyu vizHkkoh gks ldrk gS ;fn nwljs fodkl laca/kh ljksdkjksa ds lanHkZ esa uhfr;ksa dks vfHkdfYir
ugha fd;k tkrkA mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij] ,d O;kid j.kuhfr] tks tyok;q ifjorZu ds lanHkZ esa [kk| lqj{kk dh vfHko`f)
djus dk iz;kl djrh gS] Ñf"k izlkj] Qly fofo/krk] ,dhÑr ty ,oa ihM+d izca/ku vkSj Ñf"k lwpuk lsokvksa ls
lacaf/kr lefUor mik;ksa ds ,d leqPp; dks] lfEefyr dj ldrh gSA buesa ls dqN mik; tyok;q ifjorZu ls vkSj
vU; mik; vkfFkZd fodkl ls lacaf/kr gks ldrs gSA

42- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls dkSulk lokZf/kd rdZlaxr vkSj fu.kkZ;d fu"d"kZ ¼buQsjsal½ fudkyk tk ldrk gS\
¼a ½ fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa tyok;q vuqdwyu tkjh j[kuk dfBu gS
¼b ½ [kk| lqj{kk dh vfHko`f) djuk] tyok;q vuqdwyu dh vis{kk dgha vf/kd tfVy fo"k; gS
¼c ½ izR;sd fodklkRed fØ;kdyki izR;{kr% ;k vizR;{kr% tyok;q vuqdwyu ls tqM+k gS
¼d ½ tyok;q vuqdwyu dh nwljs vkfFkZd fodkl fodYiksa ds laca/k esa ijh{kk dh tkuh pkfg,

tyh; pØ esa tSo&fofo/krk dh Hkwfedk dh le> csgrj uhfr&fuekZ.k esa lgk;d gksrh gSA tSo&fofo/krk 'kCn
vusd fdLeksa ds ikniksa] izkf.k;ksa] lw{ethoksa dks vkSj mu ikfjra=ksa dks] ftlesa os ik, tkrs gS] fufnZ"V djrk gSA ty vkSj
tSo&fofo/krk ,d nwljs ij fuHkZj gSA okLro esa tyh; pØ ls ;g fuf'pr gksrk gS fd tSo&fofo/krk dSls dk;Z djrh
gSA Øe ls] ouLifr vkSj e`nk ty ds izokg dks fu/kkZfjr djrs gSA gj ,d fxykl ty tks ge ihrs gS] de ls de
mldk dksbZ va'k] eNfy;ksa] o`{kksa] thok.kqvksa] feV~Vh vkSj vU; thoksa ¼vkWxsZfuT-El½ ls gksdj xqtjk gksrk gSA bu ikfjra=ksa
ls xqtjrs gq, og 'kq) gksrk gS vkSj miHkksx ds fy, mi;qDr gksrk gSA ty dh iwfrZ ,d egRoiw.kZ lsok gS tks i;kZoj.k
iznku djrk gSA

43- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk lokZf/kd fu.kkZ;d fu"d"kZ ¼buQsjsal½ fudkyk tk ldrk gS\
¼a ½ tSo fofo/krk] izÑfr dh ty ds iqupZØ.k dh lkeF;Z cuk, j[krh gS
¼b ½ thfor thoksa ¼vkWxsZfuT-El½ ds vfLrRo ds fcuk ge is; ty izkIr ugha dj ldrs
¼c ½ ikni] vkSj lw{etho vkil esa lrr vU;ksU;fØ;k djrs jgrs gS
¼d ½ tyh; pØ ds fcuk] thfor tho ¼vkWxsZfuT-El½ vfLrRo esa ugha vk;s gksrs

fiNys n'kd esa] cSafdax {ks= dks] eq[;r% e/;oxZ vkSj mPp e/;oxZ lekt dks lsok iznku djus okys mPp dksfV ds
Lopkyu vkSj mRiknksa ls iqu% lajfpr fd;k x;k gSA vkt cSafdax vkSj xSj&cSafdax foRrh; lsokvksa ds fy, ,sls u,
dk;ZØe dh vko';drk gS tks vke vkneh dh igqap ls ckgj u gksA

44- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn esa fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk lUns'k vfuok;Zr% varfuZfgr gS\
¼a ½ cSadksa ds vkSj vf/kd Lopkyu vkSj mRiknksa dh vko';drk
¼b ½ gekjh lEiw.kZ yksd foRr O;oLFkk dh vkewy iqulZajpuk dh vko';drk
¼c ½ cSafdax vkSj xSj&cSafdax laLFkkvksa dk ,dhdj.k djus dh vko';drk
¼d ½ foRrh; lekos'ku dks laof/kZr djus dh vko';drk

Passage - 5
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

Safe and sustainable sanitation in slums has immeasurable benefits to women and girls in terms of their
health, safety, privacy and dignity. However women do not feature in most of the schemes and policies on
urban sanitation. The fact that even now the manual scavenging exists, the only goes to show that not enough
has been done to promote pour-flush toilets and discontinue the use of dry latrines. A more sustained and
rigorous campaign needs to be launched towards the right to sanitation on a very large scale. This should
primarily focus on the abolition of manual scavenging.

45. With reference to the above passage, consider the following statements:
1. Urban sanitation problems can be fully solved by the abolition of manual scavenging only
2. There is a need to promote greater awareness on safe sanitation practices in urban areas
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Passage - 6
To understand the nature and quantity of government proper for man, it is necessary to attend to his
character. As nature created him for social life, she fitted him for the station she intended. In all cases she made
his natural wants greater than his individual powers. No one man is capable, without the aid of society, of
supplying his own wants; and those wants, acting upon every individual, impel the whole of them into society.

46. Which among the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above
(a) Nature has created a great diversity in human society
(b) Any given human society is always short of its wants
(c) Social life is a specific characteristic of man
(d) Diverse natural wants forced man towards social system

Passage - 7
The nature of the legal imperatives in any given state corresponds to the effective demands that state
encounters, and that these, in their turn, depend, in a general way, upon the manner in which economic power is
distributed in the society which the state controls.
47. The statement refers to:
(a) The antithesis of Politics and Economics
(b) The interrelationships of Politics and Economics
(c) The predominance of Economics over Politics
(d) The predominance of Politics over Economics

UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

efyu cfLr;ksa esa lqjf{kr rFkk la/; lQkbZ ls efgykvksa vkSj yM+fd;ksa dks muds LokLF;] lqj{kk] futrk rFkk
lEeku ds :i esa vlhfer ykHk feyrk gSA rFkkfi 'kgjh lQkbZ ij cuus okyh vf/kdrj ;kstukvksa vkSj uhfr;ksa esa
efgyk,a izfryf{kr ugha gksrhA ;g rF; fd eSyk <ksus dh izFkk vkt Hkh vfLrRo esa gS ;g fn[kkrk gS fd izokgh&¶y'k
'kkSpky;ksa dks c<+kok nsus rFkk 'kq"d 'kkSpky;ksa dks can djus dks ysdj vHkh rd cgqr dqN ugha fd;k x;k gSA LoPNrk
ds vf/kdkj dh fn'kk esa cgqr cM+s iSekus ij vf/kd LFkk;h vkSj etcwr vfHk;ku 'kq: fd;k tkuk pkfg,A ;g eq[; :i
ls eSyk <ksus ds mUewyu ij /;ku dsfUnzr djus okyk gksuk pkfg,A

45- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ds lanHkZ esa] fuEufyf[kr dFkuksa ij fopkj dhft, %

1- 'kgjh lQkbZ leL;k dk iw.kZ fujkdj.k dsoy eSyk <ksus ds mUewyu ls gh fd;k tk ldrk gSA
2- 'kgjh {ks=ksa esa lqjf{kr lQkbZ O;ogkj dh tkx:drk dks vf/kd izksRlkfgr djus dh vko';drk gSA
mi;qZDr dFkuksa esa ls dkSulk@ls lgh gS@gSa\
¼a ½ dsoy 1
¼b ½ dsoy 2
¼c ½ 1 vkSj 2 nksuksa
¼d ½ u rks 1] u gh 2
ekuo ds fy, mi;qDr] ljdkj dh izÑfr vkSj ifjek.k dks le>us ds fy, ;g vko';d gS fd ekuo ds LoHkko
dks le>k tk,A pwafd izÑfr us mls lkekftd thou ds fy, cuk;k gS] mls ml LFkku ds fy, Hkh ;qDr fd;k gS ftls
mlus fu;r fd;k gSA lHkh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa mlus mldh uSlfxZd vko';drkvksa dks mldh O;fDrxr 'kfDr;ksa ls cM+k
cuk;k gSA dksbZ Hkh ,d O;fDr lekt dh lgk;rk ds fcuk viuh bPNkvksa dh iwfrZ djus esa l{ke ugha gS] vkSj ogh
vko';drk,a izR;sd O;fDr ij fØ;k'khy gksdj lexz :i ls mudks ,d lekt ds :i esa jgus ds fy, izsfjr djrh gSA
46- fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulk] mi;qZDr ifjPNsn dk lokZf/kd rkfdZd vkSj rdZlaxr fu"d"kZ ¼buQsjsal½ fudkyk tk
ldrk gS\
¼a ½ izÑfr us ekuo lekt esa Hkkjh fofo/krk dk fuekZ.k fd;k gS
¼b ½ fdlh Hkh ekuo lekt dks lnk mldh vko';drkvksa ls de feyrk gS
¼c ½ lkekftd thou ekuo dk fof'k"V y{k.k gS
¼d ½ fofo/k izkÑfrd vko';drkvksa us ekuo dks lkekftd iz.kkyh dh vksj ck/; fd;k gS

fdlh jkT; esa dkuwuh vkns'kdksa ¼bEijsfVOl½ dh izÑfr mu izHkkodkjh ekaxksa ds vuq:i gksrh gS ftudk jkT; dks
lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS vkSj ;g fd vius de esa ;s lkekU; :i ls ml jhfrij vkfJr gksrh gS ftlesa lekt esa og
vkfFkZd 'kfDr forfjr gksrh gS ftl ij jkT; fu;a=.k djrk gSA
47- ;g dFku fdldks fufnZ"V djrk gS\
¼a ½ jktuhfr vkSj vFkZra= ds izfrokn ¼,sfUVFkhfll½ dks
¼b ½ jktuhfr vkSj vFkZra= ds ikjLifjd laca/k dks
¼c ½ jktuhfr ij vFkZra= dh iz/kkurk dks
¼d ½ vFkZra= ij jktuhfr dh iz/kkurk dks

Passage - 8
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

About 15 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions come from agricultural practices. This includes
nitrous oxide from fertilizers; methane from livestock, rice production and manure storage; and carbon dioxide
(CO2) from burning biomass, but this excludes CO2 emissions from change account for another 17 percent of
greenhouse gas emissions each year, three quarters of which come from tropical deforestation. The remainder is
largely from draining and burning tropical peatland. About the same amount of carbon is stored in the world's
peatlands as is stored in the Amazon rainforest.
48. Which among the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above
(a) Organic farming should immediately replace mechanized and chemical dependent agricultural
practices all over the world
(b) It is imperative for us to modify our land use practices in order to mitigate climate change
(c) There are no technological solutions to the problem of greenhouse gas emissions
(d) Tropical areas are the chief sites of carbon sequestration

49. A person climbs a hill in a straight path from a family, 3 years ago was 80 years. The
point 'O' on the ground in the direction of average age of the family today is the same as
north-east and reaches a point 'A' after it was 3 years ago, because of an addition of a
traveling a distance of 5km. Then, from the baby during the intervening period. How old
point 'A' he moves to point 'B' in the direction is the baby?
of north-west. Let the distance of AB be 12 (a) 6 months
km. Now, how far is the person away from the (b) 1 year
starting point 'O'? (c) 2 years
(a) 7 km (d) 2 years and 6 months
(b) 13 km 52. The total emoluments of two persons are the
(c) 17 km same but one gets allowances to the extent of
(d) 11 km 65% of his basic pay and the other gets
50. An agricultural field is in the form of a allowances to the extent of 80% of his basic
rectangle having length X1 meters and pay. The ratio of the basic pay of the former
breadth X2 meters (X1 and X2 are variable). to the basic pay of the latter is:
If X1 + X2 = 40 meters, then the area of the (a) 16:13
agricultural field will not exceed which one of (b) 5:4
the following values? (c) 7:5
(d) 12:11
(a) 400 sq m
53. A person is standing on the first step from the
(b) 300 sq m bottom of a ladder. If he has to climb 4 more
(c) 200 sq m steps to reach exactly the middle step, how
(d) 80 sq m many steps does the ladder have?
(a) 8
(b) 9
(c) 10
(d) 11

51. The sum of the ages of 5 members comprising

UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

HkweaMyh; xzhugkml xSl mRltZu dk yxHkx 15 izfr'kr Ñf"k izfØ;kvksa ls vkrk gSA blesa moZjdksa ls fudys
ukbVªl vkWDlkbM] i'kq/ku] pkoy mRiknu rFkk [kkn Hk.Mkj.k ls fudyh esFksu rFkk tSoek=k ¼ck;ksekl½ dks tykus ls
fudyh dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM lfEefyr gS] fdUrq eqnzk&izca/ku izfØ;kvksa ls] ?kkl ds eSnkuksa ¼alaokuk½ dks tykus ls rFkk
ouksewyu ls mRlftZr blesa lfEefyr ugha gSA okfudh] Hkw&mi;ksx rFkk Hkw&mi;ksx esa ifjorZu] izfr o"kZ vkSj vf/kd 17
izfr'kr xzhugkml xSl mRltZu ds fy, ftEesnkj gS ftldk rhu&pkSFkkbZ Hkkx Å".kdfVca/kh; ouksewyu ls vkrk gSA
cpk gqvk mRltZu vf/kdka'kr% m".kdfVca/khu ihV&Hkwfe ¼ihVySaM½ ds viogu rFkk tykus ls fudyrk gSA vestu
¼Amazon½ ds o"kkZ&ou esa tek dkcZu dh ek=k ds yxHkx cjkcj ek=k fo'o dh ihV&Hkwfe;ksa esa tek gSA
48- fuEufyf[kr esa dkSulk] mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls lokZf/kd rkfdZd vkSj rdZlaxr fu"d"kZ ¼buQsjsal½ fudkyk tk ldrk
¼a½ laiw.kZ fo'o esa ;a= vkSj jlk;uksa ij vk/kkfjr Ñf"k izFkkvksa ds LFkku ij rRdky tSo Ñf"k ¼vkWxsZfudQkfeZax½
viuk;h tkuh pkfg,
¼b½ tyok;q ifjorZu ds izHkko dks de djus ds fy, gekjh Hkw&mi;ksx izfØ;kvksa esa cnyko ykuk vfuok;Z gS
¼c½ xzhugkml xSl mRltZu dh leL;k ds dksbZ izkS|ksfxdh; lek/kku ugha gS
¼d½ m".kdfVca/kh; {ks=] dkcZu izPNknu ds eq[; LFkku gS

49- dksbZ O;fDr tehu ij fdlh fcanq 'O' ls lh/ks D;ksafd vUr%LFk vof/k esa ifjokj esa ,d f'k'kq dh
jkLrs ls mRrj&iwoZ dh fn'kk esa ,d igkM+h ij o`f) gqbZA f'k'kq dh vk;q D;k gS\
p<+rk gS vkSj 5 fdeh- dh nwjh r; djds fcanq 'A' ¼a ½ 6 ekg
¼b ½ 1 o"kZ
ij igqaprk gSA mlds ckn og fcanq 'A' ls ¼c ½ 2 o"kZ
mRrj&if'pe dh fn'kk esa fcanq 'B' rd tkrk gSA ¼d ½ 2 o"kZ rFkk 6 ekg
AB dh nwjh 12 fdeh- gSA vc og O;fDr izkjafHkd 52- nks O;fDr;ksa dh lEiw.kZ osru&yfC/k;ka cjkcj gS]
fcanq 'O' ls fdruh nwj gS\ ij muesa ls ,d dks vius ewy osru dk 65%
¼a ½ 7 fdeh- HkRrksa ds :i esa feyrk gS tcfd nwljs dks ewy
¼b ½ 13 fdeh- osru dk 80% HkRrksa ds :i esa feyrk gSA igys
O;fDr ds ewy osru dk nwljs O;fDr ds ewyu
¼c ½ 17 fdeh-
osru ls D;k vuqikr gS\
¼d ½ 11 fdeh- ¼a ½ 16%13
50- ,d [ksr vk;rkdkj vkÑfr esa gS ftldh yEckbZ ¼b ½ 5%4
ehVj vkSj pkSM+kbZ ehVj gS ¼ vkSj pj gS½A ;fn ¼c ½ 7%5
ehVj gS rks ml [ksr dk {ks=Qy fuEufyf[kr ¼d ½ 12%11
fdl ,d eku ls vf/kd ugha gksxk\ 53- ,d O;fDr lh<+h ds ry ls igys ik;nku ij
¼a ½ 400 oxZ ehVj [kM+k gSA Bhd chp okys ik;nku rd igqapus ds
fy, vxj mls 4 ik;nku vkSj p<+us iM+sa] rks
¼b ½ 300 oxZ ehVj lh<+h esa fdrus ik;nku gS\
¼c ½ 200 oxZ ehVj ¼a ½ 8
¼d ½ 80 oxZ ehVj ¼b ½ 9
51- 5 lnL;ksa okys ifjokj esa 3 o"kZ iwoZ lHkh lnL;ksa ¼c ½ 10
dh vk;q dk ;ksx 80 o"kZ FkkA bl ifjokj dh 3 ¼d ½ 11
o"kZ iwoZ tks vkSlr vk;q Fkh] vkt Hkh ogh gS
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

Directions for the following 3 (three) items : Consider the given information and answer three items that
When three friends A, B and C met, it was found that each of them wore an outer garment of a different
colour. In random order, the garments are : jacket, sweater and tie; and the colours are : blue, white and black.
Their surnames in random order are : Ribeiro, Kumar and Singh. Further, we know that:
1. Neither B nor Ribeiro wore a white sweater
2. C wore a tie
3. Singh's garment was not white
4. Kumar does not wear a jacket
5. Ribeiro does not like to wear the black colour
6. Each of the friends wore only one outer garment of only one colour

54. What is C's surname? from A, then the original height of the trunk
(a) Ribeiro is:
(b) Kumar (a) 20m
(c) Singh (b) 25m
(d) Cannot be determined (c) 30m
55. What is the colour of the tie? (d) 35m
(a) Black 58. A person walks 12 km due north, then 15km

(b) Blue due east, after that 19km due west and then

(c) White 15km due south. How far is he from the

(d) Cannot be determined starting point?

(a) 5km
56. Who wore the sweater? (b) 9km
(a) A (c) 37km
(b) B
(d) 61km
(c) C
(d) Cannot be determined
59. A cube has all its faces painted with different
57. AB is a vertical trunk of a huge tree with A colours. It is cut into smaller cubes of equal
being the point where the base of the trunk sizes such that the side of the small cube is
touches the ground. Due to a cyclone, the one fourth the big cube. The number of small
trunk has been broken at C which is at a cubes with only one of the sides painted is:
height of 12 meters, broken part is partially (a) 32
attached to the vertical portion of the trunk at (b) 24
C. if the end of the broken part B touches the (c) 16
ground at D which is at a distance of 5 meters (d) 8
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

vkus okys 3 ¼rhu½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % fuEufyf[kr lwpuk ij fopkjk dhft, vkSj vkxs fn, rhu iz'uka'kksa ds mRrj
tc rhu fe= A, B vkSj C, feys] rks ik;k x;k fd muesa ls izR;sd us ,d fHkUu jax dh Åijh iks'kkd igu j[kh
FkhA ;kn`fPNd Øe esa os iks'kkdsa tSdsV] LosVj vkSj VkbZ gS( vkSj jax uhyk] lQsn vkSj dkyk gSA muds dqyuke ¼ljuse½
;kn`fPNd Øe esa fjchjks] dqekj vkSj flag gSA vkxs] ;g Kkr gS fd%
1- u rks B us] u gh fjchjks us lQsn LosVj iguk Fkk
2- C us VkbZ iguh Fkh
3- flag dh iks'kkd lQsn ugha Fkh
4- dqekj tSdsV ugha igurk
5- fjchjks dks dkyk jax iguuk ilan ugha gS
6- gj ,d fe= us dsoy ,d gh jax dh ,d gh Åijh iks'kkd iguh Fkh

54- C dk dqyuke D;k gS\ ¼a ½ 20 ehVj

¼a ½ fjchjks ¼b ½ 25 ehVj
¼b ½ dqekj ¼c ½ 30 ehVj
¼c ½ flag ¼d ½ 35 ehVj
¼d ½ fu/kkZfjr ugha fd;k tk ldrk
58- dksbZ O;fDr 12 fdeh- mRrj dh vksj] fQj 15
55- VkbZ dk jax D;k gS\ fdeh- iwoZ dh vksj] fQj 19 fdeh- if'pe dh
¼a ½ dkyk vksj] vkSj rc 15 fdeh- nf{k.k dh vksj pyrk gSA
¼b ½ uhyk og izkjafHkd fcanq ls fdruh nwj gS\
¼c ½ lQsn ¼a ½ 5 fdeh-
¼d ½ fu/kkZfjr ugha fd;k tk ldrk ¼b ½ 9 fdeh-
¼c ½ 37 fdeh-
56- LosVj fdlus iguk Fkk\ ¼d ½ 61 fdeh-
¼a ½ A
¼b ½ B 59- fdlh ?ku ¼D;wc½ ds lHkh Qyd fofHkUu jaxksa ls
¼c ½ C jaxs x, gSA mls leku vkeki ds NksVs&NksVs ?kuksa
¼d ½ fu/kkZfjr ugha fd;k tk ldrk esa bl izdkj dkVk x;k fd NksVs ?ku dh Hkqtk
cM+s ?kus dh ,d pkSFkkbZ gksA dsoy ,d gh jaxs
57- AB fdlh fo'kky o`{k dk m/okZ/kj ruk gS vkSj gq, Qyd okys NksVs ?kuksa dh la[;k fdruh
A og fcanq gS tgkWa ij rus dk vk/kkj tehu dks gksxh\
Nwrk gSA fdlh rwQku ds dkj.k ruk ml fcanq ¼a ½ 32
C ij VwV x;k gS tks 12 ehVj dh ÅapkbZ ij ¼b ½ 24
gSA VwVk gqvk Hkkx vkaf'kd :i ls rus ds ¼c ½ 16
Å/okZ/kj fgLls ls C ij tqM+k gSA ;fn VwVs gq, ¼d ½ 8
Hkkx dk fljk B] tehu dks D ij Nwrk gS tks
fcanq A ls 5 ehVj dh nwjh ij gS] rks rus dh
ewy ÅapkbZ D;k gS\
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

60. Ram and Shyam work on a job together for

four days and complete 60% of it. Ram takes 62. If R and S are different integers both divisible
leave then and Shyam works for eight more by 5, then which of the following is not
days to complete the job. How long would necessarily true?
Ram take to complete the entire job alone? (a) R - S is divisible by 5
(a) 6 days (b) R + S is divisible by 10
(b) 8 days (c) R * S is divisible by 25
(c) 10 days (d) R2 / S2 is divisible by 5
(d) 11 days
61. A military code writes SYSTEM as SYSMET 63. How many numbers are there between 100
and NEARER as AENRER. Using the same and 300 which either begin with or end with
code, FRACTION can be written as : 2?
(a) CARFTION (a) 110
(b) FRACNOIT (b) 111
(c) NOITCARF (c) 112
(d) CARFNOT (d) None of the above

Directions for the following 8 (eight) items : Read the following five passages and answer the items that
follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Passage - 1
As we look to 2050, when we will need to feed two billion more people, the question of which diet is best
has taken on new urgency. The foods we choose to eat in the coming decades will have dramatic ramifications
for the planet. Simply put a diet that revolves around meat and dairy, a way of eating that is on the rise
throughout the developing world, will take a greater toll on the world's resources than one that revolves around
unrefined grains, nut, fruits and vegetables.

64. What is the critical message conveyed by the above passage?

(a) Our increasing demand for foods sourced from animals puts a greater burden on our natural
(b) Diets based on grains, nuts, fruits and vegetables are best suited for health in developing countries
(c) Human beings change their food habits from time to time irrespective of the health concerns
(d) From a global perspective, we still do not know which type of diet is best for us.

60- jke vkSj ';ke fdlh dk;Z dks djus ds fy, pkj
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

fnu ,d lkFk dke djrs gS vkSj 60& dk;Z iwjk 62- ;fn R vkSj S nksuksa vyx&vyx iw.kZ la[;k,Wa gksa
djrs gSA rc jke NqV~Vh ij pyk tkrk gS vkSj vkSj nksuksa 5 ls foHkkT; gksa rks buesa ls dkSu&lk
';ke dke dks iwjk djus esa vkB fnu vkSj yxkrk vfuok;Zr% lgh ugha gS\
gSA jke dks vdsys dk;Z iwjk djus esa fdrus fnu ¼a ½ R-S, 5 ls foHkkT; gS
yxrs\ ¼b ½ R+S, 10 ls foHkkT; gS
¼a ½ 6 fnu ¼c ½ R×S, 25 ls foHkkT; gS
¼b ½ 8 fnu
¼d ½ R2+S2, 5 ls foHkkT; gS
¼c ½ 10 fnu
¼d ½ 11 fnu
63- 100 vkSj 300 ds chp 2 ls 'kq: gksus okyh ;k 2
ij lekIr gksus okyh fdruh la[;k,a gS\
61- fdlh fefyVªh dksM esa SYSTEM dks SYSMET
¼a ½ 110
vkSj NEARER dks AENRER fy[kk tkrk gSA
¼b ½ 111
mlh dksM dk iz;ksx djrs gq, FRACTION dks
¼c ½ 112
fdl :i esa fy[kk tk ldrk gS\
¼d ½ mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ ugha
vkxs vkus okys 8 ¼vkB½ iz'uka'kksa ds fy, funsZ'k % fuEufyf[kr ikap ifjPNsnksa dks if<+;s rFkk izR;sd ifjPNsn ds i'pkr~
vkus okys iz'uka'kksa ds mRrj nhft,A bu iz'uka'kksa ds vkids mRrj ifjPNsnksa ij vk/kkfjr gh gksus pkfg,A

;fn ge 2050 dh vksj ns[ksa tc gesa nks vjc vf/kd yksxksa dks vkgkj f[kykus dh vko';drk gksxh] rks ;g iz'u
fd dkSu lk vkgkj loksZRre gS] ,d ubZ vR;ko';drk cu x;k gSA vkus okys n'kdksa esa ge ftu [kk| inkFkksZa dks [kkus
ds fy, pqusaxs] muds bl xzg ds fy, xaHkhj :i ls cgq'kk[ku gksaxsA lkekU; :i ls dgsa rks lewps fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa
[kkuiku dh tks ekal vkSj Msjh mRikn ds vkgkj ds fxnZ gh ?kwers jgus okyh izof` Rr c<+ jgh gS] og HkweaMyh; lalk/kuksa
ij] vifj"Ñr vukt] fxjh] Qyksa vkSj lfCt;ksa ij fuHkZj djus okyh izo`fRr dh rqyuk esa vf/kd ncko MkysxhA
64- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls D;k fu.kkZ;d lans'k fudyrk gS\
¼a½ i'kq vk/kkfjr [kk| L=ksr dh c<+rh ekax gekjs izkÑfrd lalk/kuksa ij vis{kkÑr vf/kd cks> Mkyrh gSA
¼b½ vuktksa] fxjh] Qyksa vkSj lfCt;ksa ij vk/kkfjr vkgkj fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa LokLF; ds fy, lokZf/kd lq;ksX;
¼c½ euq"; LokLF; ekeyksa dks fcuk /;ku esa j[ks] le; le; ij viuh [kkus dh vknrksa dks cnyrs gS
¼d½ HkweaMyh; ifjizs{; esa] ge vHkh rd ;g ugha tkurs fd dkSulk vkgkj gekjs fy, loksZRre gS
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
Passage - 2 30
All humans digest mother's milk as infants, but until cattle began being domesticated 10,000 years ago,
children once weaned no longer needed to digest milk. As a result, they stopped making the enzyme lactase,
which breaks down the sugar lactose into simple sugars. After human began herding cattle, it became
tremendously advantageous to digest milk, and lactose tolerance evolved independently among cattle herders in
Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Groups not dependent on cattle, such as the Chinese and Thai, remain
lactose intolerant.

65. Which among the following is the most logical assumption that can be made from the above passage?
(a) About 10,000 years ago, the domestication of animals took place in some parts of the world
(b) A permanent change in the food habits of a community can bring about a genetic change in
its members
(c) Lactose tolerant people only are capable of getting simple sugars in their bodies
(d) People who are not lactose tolerant cannot digest any dairy product

Passage - 3
"The conceptual difficulties in National Income comparisons between underdeveloped and industrialized
countries are particularly serious because a part of the national output in various underdeveloped countries is
produced without passed through the commercial channels."
66. In the above statement, the author implies that:
(a) the entire national output produced and consumed in industrialized countries passes through
commercial channels
(b) the existence of a non-commercialized sector in different underdeveloped countries renders the
national income comparisons over countries difficult
(c) No part of national output should be produced and consumed without passing through commercial
(d) A part of the national output being produced and consumed without passing through commercial
channels is a sign of underdevelopment
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
ifjPNsn&2 31

lHkh euq"; 'kS'kokoLFkk esa ekWa ds nw/k dks ipkrs gS ijarq 10]000 o"kZ igys eosf'k;ksa dh ikyu iz.kkyh ds vkjaHk gksus
rd] f'k'kqvksa dks ,d ckj nw/k NqM+kus ij mudks nw/k ipkus dh vko';drk ugha gksrh FkhA blds ifj.kkeLo:i muesa
ySDVst ,atkbe dk cuuk can gks x;k] tks ySDVkst 'kdZjk dks ljy 'kdZjkvksa esa rksM+rk gSA ekuo ds eos'kh pjkus dh
iz.kkyh vkjaHk gksus ds ckn nw/k dks ipkuk vR;kf/kd ykHknk;d gks x;k vkSj ;wjksi] e/;iwoZ ¼fefMy bZLV½ vkSj vÝhdk esa
eos'kh pjkus okyksa esa Lora= :i ls ySDVkst lgu&'kfDr dk fodkl gqvkA phuh vkSj FkkbZ yksx tks eosf'k;ksa ij fuHkZj
ugha Fks] os ySDVkst+ vlgu'khy cus gq, gSA
65- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ls fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSulh lokZf/kd rkfdZd iwoZ/kkj.kk izkIr dh tk ldrh gS\
¼a½ yxHkx 10]000 o"kZ igys fo'o ds dqN Hkkxksa esa i'kqikyu 'kq: gqvk
¼b½ ,d leqnk; esa [kkus dh vknrksa esa LFkk;h ifjorZu leqnk; ds lnL;ksa esa vkuqoaf'kd ifjorZu yk ldrk gS
¼c½ dsoy ySDVkst+ lgu'khy yksxksa esa gh vius 'kjhjksa esa ljy 'kdZjkvksa dks ikus dh {kerk gksrh gS
¼d½ tks yksx ySDV+kst lgu'khy ugha gksrs] os fdlh Hkh Msjh mRikn dks ugha ipk ldrs

vYifodflr vkSj vkS|ksxhÑr ns'kksa dh jk"Vªh; vk;ksa ds chp rqyuk djrs le; vkus okyh ladYiukRed
dfBukb;kWa fo'ks"k :i ls xaHkhj gksrh gS D;ksafd fofHkUu vYifodflr ns'kksa esa jk"Vªh; mRikn ds ,d Hkkx dk mRiknu
okf.kfT;d ek/;eksa ls xqtjs fcuk gksrk gSA
66- bl dFku ls ys[kd dk rkRi;Z gS fd%
¼a½ vkS|ksxhÑr ns'kksa esa mRikfnr vkSj miHkqDr leLr jk"Vªh; mRikn okf.kfT;d ek/;ekas esa ls xqtjrk gS
¼b½ fofHkUu vYifodflr ns'kksa esa v&okf.kT;hÑr {ks=d dk vfLrRo ns'kksa dh jk"Vªh; vk;ksa dh ijLij rqyuk
dks dfBu cuk nsrk gS
¼c½ jk"Vªh; mRikn ds fdlh Hkkx dk mRiknu vkSj miHkksx okf.kfT;d ek/;eksa ls xqtjs fcuk ugha gksuk pkfg,
¼d½ jk"Vªh; mRikn ds ,d Hkkx dk mRiknu vkSj miHkksx okf.kfT;d ek/;eksa ls xqtjs fcuk gksuk vYifodkl dk
fpg~u gS
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (
Passage - 4 32
An increase in human made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between
plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet - soil. In a
study, it was found that the soil, which contains twice the amount of carbon present in all plants and Earth's
atmosphere combined, could become increasingly volatile as people add more carbon dioxide to the
atmosphere. This is largely because of increased plant growth. Although a greenhouse gas and a pollutant,
carbon dioxide also supports plant growth. As trees and other vegetation flourish in a carbon dioxide-rich
future, their roots could stimulate microbial activity in soil that may in turn accelerate the decomposition of soil
carbon and its release into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide.
67. Which among the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?
(a) Carbon dioxide is essential for the survival of microorganisms and plants
(b) Humans are solely responsible for the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere
(c) Microorganisms and soil carbon are mainly responsible for the increased plant growth
(d) Increasing green cover could trigger the release of carbon trapped in soil
Passage - 5
Historically, the biggest challenge to world agriculture has been to achieve a balance between demand for
and supply of food. At the level of individual countries, the demand supply balance can be a critical policy issue
for a closed economy, especially if it is a populous economy and its domestic agriculture is not growing
sufficiently enough to ensure food supplies, on an enduring basis; it is not so much and not always, of a
constraint for an open and growing economy, which has adequate exchange surpluses to buy food abroad. For
the world as a whole, supply-demand balance is always an inescapable prerequisite for warding off hunger and
starvation. However, global availability of adequate supply does not necessarily mean that food would
automatically move from countries of surplus to countries of deficit if the latter lack in purchasing power. The
uneven distribution of hunger, starvation, under or malnourishment etc. at the world level, thus owes itself to
the presence of empty pocket hungry mouths, overwhelmingly confined to the underdeveloped economies.
Inasmuch as a two square meal' is of elemental significance to basic human existence, the issue of worldwide
supply of food has been gaining significance, in recent times, both because the quantum and the composition of
demand has been undergoing big changes, and because in recent years, the capabilities of individual countries to
generate uninterrupted chain of food supplies have come under strain. Food production, marketing and prices,
especially price-affordability by the poor in the developing world, have become global issues that need global
thinking and global solutions.
68. According to the above passage, which of the following are the fundamental solutions for the world food
security problem?
1. Setting up more agro-based industries
2. Improving the price affordability by the poor
3. Regulating the conditions of marketing
4. Providing food subsidy to one and all
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
ifjPNsn&4UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

ok;qeaMy esa ekuo fufeZr dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM ds c<+us ls ikniksa vkSj lw{ethoksa ds chp ,d J`a[kyk vfHkfØ;k
izkjaHk gks ldrh gS tks fd bl xzg ij dkcZu ds lcls cM+s HkaMkj&e`nk dks vO;ofLFkr dj ldrh gSA ,d v/;;u esa
;g ik;k x;k fd og e`nk ftlesa dkcZu dh ek=k] lHkh ikniksa vkSj i`Foh ds ok;qeaMy esa mifLFkr dqy dkcZu dh nqxquh
gS] yksxksa ds }kjk ok;qeaMy esa vkSj vf/kd dkcZu NksM+rs tkus ij o/kZeku :i ls vfLFkj gksrh tk,xhA ,slk vf/kdka'kr%
iknio`f) esa c<+ksrjh ds dkj.k gksrk gSA ;|fi dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM ,d xzhugkml xSl vkSj ,d iznw"kd gS] ;g
iknio`f) dks izksRlkfgr Hkh djrh gSA pwafd o`{k vkSj nwljh ouLifr;kWa Hkfo"; esa gksus okyh dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM dh
izpqjrk esa Qyrh&Qwyrh gS] mudh tM+sa e`nk esa lw{ethoh dh fØ;k'khyrk dks izsfjr dj ldrh gS tks ifj.kkeLo:i
e`nk&dkcZu ds vi?kVu dks vkSj rst dj ok;qe.My esa dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM ds mRltZu esa o`f) dj ldrh gSA
67- fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu lk] mi;qZDr ifjPNsn dk lcls vf/kd rdZlaxr mifuxeu ¼dksjksyjh½ gS\
¼a ½ lw{ethoksa vkSj ikniksa ds vfLrRo ds fy, dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM ijeko';d gS
¼b ½ ok;qeaMy esa dkcZu MkbZvkWDlkbM foeqDr djus ds fy, euq"; iwjh rjg mRrjnk;h gS
¼c ½ iknio`f) dh c<+ksRrjh ds fy, eq[; :i ls lw{etho vkSj e`nk dkcZu mRrjnk;h gS
¼d ½ o/kZeku gfjr vkoj.k e`nk esa ;qDr dkcZu dh ekspu dks izsfjr dj ldrk gS

,sfrgkfld :i ls] fo'o&Ñf"k ds lkeus] [kk| dh ekax vkSj iwfrZ ds chp larqyu izkIr djuk lcls cM+h pqukSrh
jgh gSA oS;fDrd ns'kksa ds Lrj ij ekax&iwfrZ larqyu can vFkZO;oLFkk ds fy, ,d fu.kkZ;d uhfrxr eqn~nk gks ldrk gS]
fo'ks"kdj ;fn og ,d tula[;kcgqy vFkZO;oLFkk gS vkSj mldh ?kjsyw Ñf"k] LFkk;h vk/kkj ij i;kZIr [kk| iwfrZ ugha
dj ik jgh gSA ;g ml eqDr vkSj c<+rh gqbZ vFkZO;oLFkk ds fy,] ftlds ikl fons'kksa ls [kk| Ø; djus gsrq i;kZIr
fofue; vf/k'ks"k gS] mruh cM+h] vkSj u gh lnSo gksus okyh] ck/;rk gSA fo'o ds fy, lexz :i ls] ekax&iwfrZ larqyu]
Hkw[k rFkk Hkq[kejh ls cpko gsrq] lnSo gh ,d vifjgk;Z iwoZ&'krZ gSA rFkkfi] i;kZIr iwfrZ dh fo'oO;kih miyC/krk dk
vko';d :i ls ;g eryc ugha gS fd [kk| Lor% vf/k'ks"k okys ns'kksa ls mu vHkkoxzLr ns'kksa dh vksj] ftuds ikl
Ø;&'kfDr dk vHkko gS pyk tk,xkA vr% fo'o Lrj ij Hkw[k] Hkq[kejh] U;wu iks"k.k ;k dqiks"k.k vkfn dk vleku
forj.k [kkyh tscksa okys Hkw[ks yksxksa dh ekStwnxh dh otg ls gS] tks o`gn :i esa vfodflr vFkZO;oLFkkvksa rd lhfer
gSA tgkWa rd vk/kkjHkwr ekuoh; vfLrRo ds fy, nks oDr dk HkjisV Hkkstu dk izkFkfed egRo gS] mlesa [kk| dh
fo'oO;kih iwfrZ ds eqn~ns dks] gky ds o"kksZ esa vyx&vyx ns'kksa dh [kk|&iwfrZ;ksa dh vckf/kr J`a[kyk fufeZr djus dh
{kerkvksa esa deh vkbZ gSA [kk|&mRiknu] foi.ku vkSj dhersa] fo'ks"kdj fodkl'khy fo'o esa xjhcksa }kjk dher ogu
djus dh {kerk] fo'oO;kih eqn~ns cu x, gS] ftudk fo'oO;kih fparu vkSj fo'oO;kih lek/kku vko';d gSA
68- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ds vuqlkj] fo'o [kk| lqj{kk ds fy, fuEufyf[kr esa dkSu ls ewyHkwr gy gS\
1- vis{kkÑr vf/kd Ñf"k ogu djus dh {kerk dks lq/kkjuk
2- xjhcksa }kjk dher ogu djus dh {kerk dks lq/kkjuk
3- foi.ku dh n'kkvksa dk fu;eu djuk
4- gj ,d dks [kk| lgkf;dh iznku djuk
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj pqfu;s%
¼a ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2
¼b ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3
¼c ½ dsoy 1] 3 vkSj 4
¼d ½ 1] 2] 3 vkSj 4
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

69. According to the above passage, the biggest

challenge to world agriculture is:
(a) To find sufficient land for agricultural
and to expand food processing
(b) To eradicate hunger in underdeveloped
countries 72. Four-digit numbers are to be formed using the
(c) To achieve a balance between the digits 1, 2, 3 and 4 and none of these four
production of food and non-food items digits are repeated in any manner further.
(d) To achieve a balance between demand 1. 2 and 3 are not to immediately follow
for and supply of food each other.
70. According to the above passage, which of the 2. 1 is not to be immediately followed by 3
following helps/ help in reducing hunger and 3. 4 is not to appear at the last place
starvation in the developing economies? 4. 1 is not to appear at the first place
1. Balancing demand and supply of food How many different numbers can be formed?
2. Increasing imports of food (a) 6
3. Increasing purchasing power of the poor (b) 8
4. Changing the food consumption (c) 9
patterns and practices (d) None of the above
Select the correct answer using the code given
below: 73. A cylindrical overhead tank of radius 2m and
(a) 1 only height 7m is to be filled from an underground
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only tank of size 5.5m * 4m * 6m. How much
(c) 1 and 3 only portion of the underground tank is still filled
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 with water after filling the overhead tank
71. The issue of worldwide supply of food has completely?
gained importance mainly because of: (a) 1/3
1. Overgrowth of the population (b) 1/2
worldwide (c) 1/4
2. Sharp decline in the area of food (d) 1/6
3. Limitation in the capabilities for 74. In a class of 60 students, where the number of
sustained supply of food girls is twice that of boys. Kamal a boy
Select the correct answer using the code given ranked seventeenth from the top. If there are 9
below: girls ahead of Kamal, the number of boys in
(a) 1 and 2 only rank after him is:
(b) 3 only (a) 13
(c) 2 and 3 only (b) 12
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 7
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

(d) 3 1- fo'oO;kih :i ls tula[;k dh

2- [kk| mRiknu ds {ks= esa rhoz fxjkoV
3- lrr [kk|iwfrZ gsrq {kerkvksa esa ifjlheu
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj
¼a ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 2
¼b ½ dsoy 3
¼c ½ dsoy 2 vkSj 3
69- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ds vuqlkj] fo'o Ñf"k ds le{k ¼d ½ 1] 2 vkSj 3
lcls cM+h pqukSrh D;k gS\ 72- vad 1] 2] 3 vkSj 4 dks ysdj pkj&vadh;
¼a ½ Ñf"k gsrq i;kZIr Hkwfe izkIr djuk vkSj la[;k,a cukuh gSA bu pkj vadksa esa ls fdlh ,d
[kk| izlaLdj.k m|ksxksa dk foLrkj dh Hkh fdlh Hkh jhfr ls iqujko`fRr ugha djuh gS]
djuk rFkk
¼b ½ vYifodflr ns'kksa esa Hkq[kejh dk 1- 2 vkSj 3 ,d nwljs ds ,dne vkxs ihNs
mUewyu djuk ugha gks ldrs
¼c ½ [kk| ,oa xSj[kk| ¼uku&QwM½ oLrqvksa ds 2- 3] 1 ds ,dne ihNs ugha gks ldrk
mRiknu ds chp larqyu izkIr djuk 3- 4 vafre LFkku ij ugha vk ldrk
¼d ½ [kk| dh ekax vkSj vkiwfrZ ds chp 4- 1 izFke LFkku ij ugha vk ldrk
larqyu izkIr djuk fdruh i`Fkd la[;k,a cu ldrh gS\
70- mi;qZDr ifjPNsn ds vuqlkj] fodkl'khy ¼a ½ 6
vFkZO;oLFkkvksa esa Hkw[k vkSj Hkq[kejh ?kVkus esa] ¼b ½ 8
fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlls@fduls lgk;rk feyrh ¼c ½ 9
gS\ ¼d ½ mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ Hkh ugha
1- [kk| dh ekax vkSj vkiwfrZ ds chp
larqyu djuk 73- ,d csyukdkj vksojgSM Vadh dks] ftldh f=T;k
2- [kk| vk;kr esa o`f) djuk 2 eh vkSj ÅapkbZ 7 eh- gS] 5-5 eh 4 eh- 6 eh-
3- fu/kZuksa dh Ø;'kfDr esa o`f) djuk eki okyh fdlh Hkwfexr Vadh ds ty ls Hkjk
4- [kk| miHkksx izfrekuksa vkSj iz;klksa esa tkuk gSA vksojgSM Vadh dks iwjk Hkj nsus ds ckn]
cnyko ykuk Hkwfexr Vadh dk fdruk Hkkx ikuh ls Hkjk gS\
uhps fn, x, dwV dk iz;ksx dj lgh mRrj ¼a ½ 1@3
pqfu;s% ¼b ½ 1@2
¼a ½ dsoy 1 ¼c ½ 1@4
¼b ½ dsoy 2] 3 vkSj 4 ¼d ½ 1@6
¼c ½ dsoy 1 vkSj 3
¼d ½ 1] 2] 3 vkSj 4 74- 60 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh ,d d{kk esa tgkWa yM+fd;ka
71- fo'oO;kih [kk|&iwfrZ ds eqn~ns dks eq[;r% yM+dksa ls nqxquh la[;k esa gS] dey ¼,d yM+dk½
fdlds@fduds dkj.k egRo izkIr gqvk gS\ dk jSad Åij ls l=goka gSA ;fn dey ls igys
ukS yM+fd;ka gS] rks dey ds ckn ds jSad esa
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

fdrus yM+ds gS\ (a) Rs. 12,000

¼a ½ 13 (b) Rs. 16,000
¼b ½ 12 (c) Rs. 20,000
¼c ½ 7 (d) Rs. 34,000
¼d ½ 3

75. A and B walk around a circular park. They 78. In a race, a competitor has to collect 6 apples
start 8 a.m. from the same point in the which are kept in a straight line on a track and
opposite directions. A and B walk at a speed a bucket is placed at the beginning of the track
of 2 rounds per hour and 3 rounds per hour which is a starting point. The condition is that
respectively. How many times shall they cross the competitor can pick only one apple at a
each other after 8.00 a.m. and before 9.30 time, run back with it and drop it in the
a.m.? bucket. If he has to drop all the apples in the
bucket, how much total distance he has to run
(a) 7 if the bucket is 5 meters from the first apple
(b) 6 and all other apples are placed 3 meters apart?
(c) 5 (a) 40m
(d) 8 (b) 50m
(c) 75m
76. W can do 25% of a work in 30 days, X can do (d) 150m
¼ of the work in 10 days, Y can do 40% of
the work in 40 days and Z can do 1/3 of the 79. A round archery target of diameter 1 m is
work in 13 days. Who will complete the work marked with four scoring regions from the
first? centre outwards as red, blue, yellow and
white. The radius of the red band is 0.20m.
(a) W The width of all the remaining bands is equal.
(b) X If archers throw arrows towards the target,
(c) Y What is the probability that the arrows fall in
(d) Z the red region of the archery target?
(a) 0.40
77. The average monthly income of a person in a (b) 0.20
certain family of 5 is Rs. 10,000. What will be (c) 0.16
the average monthly income of a person in the (d) 0.04
same family if the income of one person
increased by Rs. 1,20,000 per year? 80. A person allows a 10% discount for cash
payment from the market price of a toy and
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

still he makes a 10% gain. What is the cost esa izfr O;fDr vkSlr vk; D;k gksxh ;fn fdlh
price of the toy which is marked Rs. 770?
,d O;fDr dh vk; esa #-1]20]000 izfr o"kZ dh
(a) Rs. 610
(b) Rs. 620 o`f) gks tkrh gS\
(c) Rs. 630 ¼a ½ #- 12]000
(d) Rs. 640 ¼b ½ #- 16]000
¼c ½ #- 20]000
¼d ½ #- 34]000

78- fdlh nkSM+ esa ,d izfr;ksxh dks 6 lsc ,d= djus

75- A vkSj B iSny pyrs gq, ,d o`Rrdkj ikdZ dk
gSA ;s lsc ,d ljy js[kk esa fdlh VSªd ij j[ks
pDdj yxkrs gSA os nksuksa izkr% 8 cts ,d gh gq, gS vkSj VSªd ds izkjaHk esa ckYVh j[kh xbZ gS tks
fcanq ls foijhr fn'kkvksa esa pyuk 'kq: djrs gSA fd nkSM+ dk izkjaHk fcanq gSA [ksy ds fu;ekuqlkj]
izfr;ksxh ,d ckj esa dsoy ,d lsc mBk ldrk
A vkSj B dh pky Øe'k% 2 pDdj izfr ?kaVk o
gS vkSj mls ysdj okil nkSM+ dj mls ckYVh esa
3 pDdj izfr ?kaVk gSA izkr% 8 cts ds ckn rFkk Mky ldrk gSA ckYVh ls igys lsc dh nwjh 5
izkr% 9-30 cts ls iwoZ os fdruh ckj ,d&nwljs ds ehVj gS rFkk ckdh lsc 3&3 ehVj dh nwjh ij
lkeus ls xqtjsaxs\ gSA ;fn izfr;ksxh dks ckYVh esa lHkh lsc Mkyus
gksa rks izfr;ksxh dks dqy fdruh nwjh nkSM+ dj r;
¼a ½ 7 djuh gS\
¼b ½ 6 ¼a ½ 40 ehVj
¼c ½ 5 ¼b ½ 50 ehVj
¼d ½ 8 ¼c ½ 75 ehVj
¼d ½ 150 ehVj
76- W fdlh dk;Z ds 25% Hkkx dks 30 fnuksa esa
djrk gS( X ml dk;Z ds 1@4 Hkkx dks 10 fnuksa 79- rhjankth dh fdlh o`Rrdkj IysV ¼VkjxsV½ dks]
ftldk O;kl 1 ehVj gS] vanj ls ckgj dh vksj
esa djrk gSA Y ml dk;Z ds 40% Hkkx dks 40
pkj jaxksa esa & yky] uhyk] ihyk vkSj lQsn &
fnuksa esa djrk gS vkSj Z ml dk;Z ds 1@3 Hkkx jaxk x;k gSA yky cSUM dh f=T;k
dks 13 fnuksa esa djrk gSA dk;Z dks lcls igys 0-20 ehVj gSA ckdh cSUMksa dh pkSM+kbZ ,dleku
gSA bl o`Rrkdkj IysV ¼VkjxsV½ dh vksj
dkSu iwjk djsxk\
rhjanktksa }kjk rhj pyk, tkus ij] rhjksa ds
¼a ½ W VkjxsV ds yky fgLls ¼cSaM½ esa yxus dh izkf;drk
¼b ½ X D;k gS\
¼c ½ Y ¼a ½ 0-40
¼d ½ Z ¼b ½ 0-20
77- 5 O;fDr;ksa ds fdlh ,d ifjokj esa izfr O;fDr ¼c ½ 0-16
vkSlr vk; #- 10]000 izfr ekl gSA mlh ifjokj ¼d ½ 0-04
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

80- dksbZ O;fDr fdlh f[kykSus dh vafdr dher ij] ¼a ½ #- 610

uxn Hkqxrku ds fy,] 10% NwV nsrk gS fQj Hkh ¼b ½ #- 620
mls 10% dk ykHk gksrk gSA ml f[kykSus dh ¼c ½ #- 630
ykxr dher D;ktcgS] rdftldh
dr ijh{k.k
dher iq#-
fLrdk [kksyus dks¼d½u dgk #-tk,640rc rd u [kksysa
770 gS\

Vh-ch-lh- % C-AMC-O-ICK ijh{k.k iqfLrdk vuqØe

Øe la-
ijh{k.k iqfLrdk

le; % nks ?k.Vs

lkekU; v/;;u
iz’u i= & II
iw.kkZd % 200
1- ijh{kk izkjaHk gksus ds rqjUr ckn] vki bl ijh{k.k iqfLrdk dh iM+rky vo'; dj ysa fd blesa dksbZ fcuk Nik]
QVk ;k NwVk gqvk i`"B vFkok iz'uka'k vkfn u gks( ;fn ,slk gS rks bls lgh ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ls cny yhft,A
2- Ñi;k /;ku j[ksa fd OMR mRrj&i=d esa] mfpr LFkku ij] jksy uEcj vkSj ijh{k.k iqfLrdk vuqØe ¼lhfjt
dksM½ A, B, C ;k D dks] /;ku ls ,oa fcuk fdlh pwd ;k folaxfr ds Hkjus vkSj dwVc) djus dh ftEesnkjh
mEehnokj dh gSA fdlh Hkh izdkj dh pwd@folaxfr dh fLFkfr esa mRrj&i=d fujLr dj fn;k tk;sxkA
3- bl ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ij lkFk esa fn, x, dks"Bd esa vkidks viuk
vuqØekad fy[kuk gSA ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ij vkSj dqN u fy[ksaA
4- bl ijh{k.k iqfLrdk esa 80 iz'uka'k ¼iz'u½ fn, x, gSA izR;sd iz'uka'k fgUnh vkSj vaxzsth nksuksa esa Nik gSA izR;sd
iz'uka'k esa pkj izR;qRrj ¼mRrj½ fn, x, gS( buesa ls ,d izR;qRrj dks pqu ysa] ftls vki mRrj&i=d ij vafdr
djuk pkgrs gSA ;fn vkidks ,slk yxs fd ,d ls vf/kd izR;qRrj lgh gS] rks ml izR;qRrj dks vafdr djsa tks
vkidks loksZRre yxsA izR;sd iz'uka'k ds fy, dsoy ,d gh izR;qRrj pquuk gS(
5- vkidks vius lHkh izR;qRrj vyx ls fn, x, mRrj&i=d ij gh vafdr djus gSA mRrj&i=d esa fn, x, funsZ'k
6- lHkh iz'uka'kksa ds vad leku gSA
7- blls igys fd vki ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ds fofHkUu iz'uka'kksa ds izR;qRrj mRrj&i=d ij vafdr djuk 'kq: djsa]
vkidks izos'k izek.k&i= ds lkFk izsf"kr vuqns'kksa ds vuqlkj dqN fooj.k mRrj&i=d esa nsus gSA
8- vki vius lHkh izR;qRrjksa dks mRrj&i=d esa Hkjus ds ckn rFkk ijh{kk ds lekiu ij dsoy mRrj&i=d v/kh{kd
dks lkSai nsaA vkidks vius lkFk ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ys tkus dh vuqefr gS(
9- dPps dke ds fy, i=d ijh{k.k iqfLrdk ds vUr esa layXu gS(
10- xyr mRrjksa ds fy, n.M %
mEehnokj }kjk fn, x, xyr mRrjksa ds fy, n.M fn;k tk,xkA
¼i½ izR;sd iz'u ds fy, pkj oSdfYid mRrj gS( mEehnokj }kjk izR;sd ml mRrj ds fy, ftlds fy, naM gS]
fn, x, ,d xyr mRrj ds fy, iz'u gsrq fu;r fd, x, vadksa dk ,d&frgkbZ naM ds :i esa dkVk
¼ii½ ;fn dksbZ mEehnokj ,d ls vf/kd mRrj nsrk gS] rks bls xyr mRrj ekuk tk,xk] ;|fi fn, x, mRrjksa
esa ls ,d mRrj lgh gksrk gS] fQj Hkh ml iz'u ds fy, mi;qZDrkuqlkj gh] mlh rjg dk naM fn;k tk,xk]
;fn mlds fy, naM gS
UPSC PRELIMS 2016 Paper (

¼iii½ ;fn mEehnokj }kjk dksbZ iz'u gy ugha fd;k tkrk gS] vFkkZr~ mEehnokj }kjk mRrj ugha fn;k tkrk gS] rks
ml iz'u ds fy, dksbZ naM ugha fn;k tk,xkA
tc rd vkidks ;g ijh{k.k iqfLrdk [kksyus dks u dgk tk, rc rd u [kksysa
Note : English version of the instructions is printed on the front cover of this Booklet.