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MiCOM P63x Series

Transformer Differential
Protection Devices

MiCOM P631, P632, P633 and P634


Transformer Differential Protection Devices

T&D
Energy Automation & Information
MiCOM P631, P632, P633 and P634
Transformer Differential Protection Devices

Application and scope • Inverse-time overcurrent • Fault data acquisition


protection, single-stage, phase- • Fault recording
The MiCOM P63x series
selective, separate measuring (time-tagged signal logging with
differential protection devices are
systems for phase currents, fault value recording of the phase
intended for fast and selective
negative-sequence current and currents of each winding and,
short-circuit protection of
residual current depending on the design version,
transformers, motors, generators
and other installations with two, • Thermal overload protection, of the neutral-point current of
three or four windings respectively. choice of relative or absolute each winding and of the voltage)
thermal replica The MiCOM P63x series
Functions • Over/undervoltage protection differential protection devices are
of modular design. The plug-in
The differential protection devices • Over/underfrequency protection modules are housed in a robust
have the following main functions
• Overexcitation protection aluminium case and electrically
(with differences between the
connected via an analogue and a
models as shown in the table on • Measuring circuit monitoring
digital bus printed circuit board.
page 3):
• Limit value monitoring
The nominal currents or the nominal
• Three-phase differential protection
• Programmable logic voltage, respectively, of the
•Amplitude and vector group measuring inputs can be set with
matching All main functions are individually
the help of function parameters.
configurable and can be disabled
•Zero-sequence current filtering or enabled by the user as desired. The nominal voltage range of the
for each winding, may be By means of a straight-forward optical coupler inputs is
deactivated individually for configuration procedure, the user 24 to 250 V DC without
each end can adapt the device flexibly to the internal switching.
•Triple-slope tripping scope of protection required in each
particular application. Due to the The auxiliary voltage input for the
characteristics
powerful, freely configurable logic power supply is a wide-range
•Harmonic restraint with second of the device, special applications design with a nominal voltage
harmonic component, optionally can be accommodated. range of 48 to 250 V DC and
with or without cross blocking; 100 to 230 V AC. An additional
may be deactivated In addition to the features listed
version is available for the lower
above, as well as comprehensive
•Overfluxing restraint with fifth nominal voltage range of
self-monitoring, the following global
harmonic component, may be 24 to 36 V DC.
functions are available in the
deactivated MiCOM P63x series differential All output relays are suitable for
•Through-stabilization with protection devices: both signals and trip duties.
saturation discriminator • Parameter subset selection The optional PT 100 input is lead-
• Ground differential protection • Measured operating data to compensated, balanced and
(UK: Restricted earth fault support the user during linearized for PT 100 resistance
protection, REF) commissioning, testing and thermometers per IEC 60751.
• Definite-time overcurrent operation The optional 0 to 20 mA input
protection, three stages, phase- • Operating data recording provides open-circuit and overload
selective, separate measuring (time-tagged signal logging) monitoring, zero suppression
systems for phase currents, • Overload data acquisition defined by a setting, plus the
negative-sequence current and
• Overload recording (time-tagged option of linearizing the input
residual current
signal logging) variable via 20 adjustable
interpolation points.

2
Two freely selected measured Control and display Models available
signals (cyclically updated
• Local control panel The main functions and the inputs
measured operating data and
and outputs available for the
stored measured fault data) can be • 17 LED indicators, 12 of which
P63x series design types are listed
output as a load-independent direct allow freely configurable function
in the table below. Where a main
current via the two optional 0 to assignment
function is available more than
20 mA outputs. The characteristics
• PC interface once for a particular design type,
are defined via 3 adjustable
• Communication interfaces the user can assign these functions
interpolation points allowing a
(optional) to the individual windings as
minimum output current (4 mA, for
required.
example) for receiver-side open-
Information exchange is done via For 11/2 switched and ring-busbar
circuit monitoring, knee-point
the local control panel, the PC systems, the devices allow the
definition for fine scaling and a
interface and 2 optional definition of a virtual winding. The
limitation to lower nominal currents
communication interfaces. One of currents processed by the device for
(10 mA, for example). Where
the communication interfaces this winding are a summation of the
sufficient output relays are
conforms to IEC 60870-5-103, inputs from the two appropriate sets
available, a freely selected
IEC 60870-5-101, DNP 3.0 and of CT inputs.
measured variable can be output in
Modbus and is intended for
BCD-coded form via contacts.
integration of MiCOM P63x with
substation control systems. The 2nd
communication interface conforms
to IEC 60870-5-103 and is
intended for remote access.

Models available

P631 P632 P633 P634


Main functions ANSI Device Number
• Differential protection 87 2 wind. 2 wind. 3 wind. 4 wind.
• Ground differential protection 87G – 2 3 3
• Definite-time overcurrent protection 50P, 50Q, 50N/G 2 2 3 3
• Inverse-time overcurrent protection 51P, 51Q, 51N/G 2 2 3 3
• Thermal overload protection 49 1 1 2 2
• Over/undervoltage protection 27, 59 – 1 1 1
• Over/underfrequency protection 81O, 81U, 81U-R – 1 1 1
• Overexcitation protection 24 – 1 1 1
• Measuring circuit monitoring 2 2 3 4
• Limit value monitoring 2 2 3 3
• Programmable logic 1 1 1 1
Measuring inputs
• Phase current 2x3 2x3 3x3 4x3
• Residual current or neutral-point current – 2 3 3
• Voltage – 1 1 1
Binary inputs and outputs
• Optical coupler inputs (per order) 4 4 to 34 4 to 40 4 to 34
• Output relays (per order) 8 to 14 8 to 22 8 to 30 8 to 22
Analogue inputs & outputs (optional)
• 0 to 20 mA input – 1 1 1
• PT 100 input – 1 1 1
• 0 to 20 mA outputs – 2 2 2

3
Main functions 8.00
Main functions are autonomous
function groups and can be
Id /I ref
individually configured or disabled Tripping area
to suit a particular application. 6.00
Function groups that are not
required and have been disabled
by the user are masked completely
(except for the configuration

tic
4.00
parameter) and functional support

fee cteris
is withdrawn from such groups.

ra
7

d
0.

le-s cha
This concept permits an extensive =

sing ent
ide
m 2

for lt curr
scope of functions and universal
application of the protection device 2.00

Fau
Blocking area
in a single design version, while at 0.3
m1=
the same time providing for a clear

12200e.DS4
and straight-forward setting I R,m2 /I ref = 4.0
Id> / I ref = 0.2
procedure and adaptation to the
0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
protection task under consideration.
IR /I ref
Differential protection
Figure 1: Tripping characteristics of differential protection
Amplitude matching for three-phase symmetrical infeed
On the basis of the primary
transformer currents, the
Tripping characteristics Overfluxing restraint
MiCOM P63x series differential
The tripping characteristics of the For stabilization under overfluxing
protection devices can be flexibly
differential protection device has conditions, the ratio of the fifth
adapted to the reference currents of
two knees (see Figure 1). The first harmonic to the fundamental for the
the protected object. Amplitude
knee is dependent on the setting of differential currents is used. Tripping
matching is by means of a straight-
the basic threshold value Id> and is blocked on a per measuring
forward input of the reference
is on the fault line for single-side system basis. For differential current
power common to all windings,
feed. The second knee of the levels of 4·Iref or higher, the blocking
plus the nominal voltages and the
tripping characteristic is defined by criterion is no longer taken into
nominal transformer currents for
a setting. Above the user-selected account. The overfluxing restraint
each winding. The resulting
differential current level Id>>>, the function may be deactivated.
reference currents and matching
restraining current is no longer
factors are automatically deduced Through stabilization
taken into account.
by the device and checked for Up to a certain limit, stability in the
compatibility with the internally Harmonic restraint event of external faults is ensured
allowed value ranges. Stabilization under inrush by means of the bias. Due to the
conditions is based on the presence triple-slope tripping characteristic,
Vector group matching and
of second harmonic components in the stabilization is particularly
zero-sequence filtering
the differential currents. The ratio of effective for high currents.
Matching of the MiCOM P63x
the second harmonic component to However, as an additional
series differential protection devices
the fundamental wave for the safeguard for through-currents with
to the vector group of the protected
differential currents of the transformer saturation, the MiCOM
object is via a straight-forward
measuring system serves as the P63x series differential protection
input of the relevant vector group
criterion. Optionally, tripping is devices are provided with a
identification number. The
blocked either across all three saturation detector. Particularly the
mathematical formula to be applied
measuring systems or selectively for start-up of direct on-line starting
to the measured currents is
one measuring system. However, induction motors represents a
automatically selected internally
from a user-selected differential problem in differential protection
according to the relevant vector
current level Id>>, the blocking due to transient transformer
group and zero-sequence filtering is
criterion is no longer taken into saturation caused by a
taken into account simultaneously.
account. For application as a displacement of the start-up current
For special applications, zero-
differential protection device for for relatively high primary time
sequence filtering may be deactivated
motors or generators, the harmonic constants. Even under such
separately for each winding.
restraint can be deactivated. unfavorable measurement
conditions, the MiCOM P63x series
differential protection devices
perform with excellent stability.

4
Ground differential 8.00

protection
The ground differential protection Id,N /I ref Tripping area s
(UK: Restricted earth fault er
rm
6.00 sfo
protection, REF) mode can be tra
n
t
applied to transformer windings rr en
cu
with grounded neutral point where in
ma
the neutral point/ground the
of
connection is fitted with a current 4.00 5 i on
00 at
transformer. tur
1. sa
= nt
Ground differential protection m s ie
ran
(UK: Restricted earth fault rt
fo
ic
protection, REF) is based on 2.00 r ist
cte Blocking area
comparing the vector sum of the ara
ch
phase currents of the relevant en
t
rr
transformer winding to the neutral cu

12201e.DS4
lt
au
point current. The vector sum of the I d,N > /I ref = 0.2 F
phase currents can be generated, 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
for example, by residual I R,N /I ref
connection of the three main
current transformers. Figure 2: Tripping characteristics of ground differential protection
(UK: Restricted earth fault protection, REF)
The advantage of ground
differential protection (UK:
Restricted earth fault protection, For the optimum performance of the Inverse-time
REF) resides in the linear differential protection function overcurrent protection
dependence of the sensitivity on the under inrush conditions of the The inverse-time overcurrent
distance between the fault and the protected transformer, starting of protection operates on the basis of
neutral point. the phase current stage I> and the one measuring system each for the
(Notes : REF is applicable for wye- negative-sequence current stage three phase currents, the negative-
connected windings. Balanced REF Ineg> can be stabilized, if desired. sequence current and the residual
for delta windings is in development). The blocking signals of the inrush current just as the definite-time
Definite-time stabilization function of differential overcurrent protection does.
protection are selective to the However, the three measuring
overcurrent protection
measuring system. These signals systems operate with single-stage
The definite-time overcurrent are linked by OR operators to evaluation for this function. The
protection function operates with obtain the criterion for stabilization. timer stage of the phase-current-
separate measuring systems for the As a consequence, stabilization is related measuring system operates
evaluation of the three phase always effective across all three with phase-selective starting.
currents, the negative-sequence phases. Neither the phase current The effect on the general starting
current and the residual current. stages I>> and I>>> nor the signal of the stages measuring in
The negative-sequence current is negative-sequence current stages the residual path and in the
determined from the filtered Ineg>> and Ineg>>> are affected negative-sequence system respectively,
fundamental component of the by the stabilization. can be suppressed if desired.
three phase currents. The residual
Additionally, the operate values of For the individual measuring
current is obtained either from the
all overcurrent stages can be set as systems, the user can select from a
fourth current input or from the
dynamic parameters. For a settable multitude of tripping characteristics
internal vector addition of the three
hold time, switching to the dynamic (see Table 1, page 6).
phase currents, depending on the
operate values can be done via an Starting of the phase current stage
user’s choice. Three stages each
external signal. can be stabilized under inrush
are provided for the three phases.
The hold time is selected to conditions if desired. The blocking
Each stage of the phase current-
implement a cold load pick-up signals from the harmonic restraint
related measuring system operates
function, assuring stability when function of differential protection,
with phase-selective starting. The
increased loading is present. Once formed selectively for each
effect on the general starting signal
the hold time has elapsed, the measuring system, are linked by an
of the stages measuring in the
static operate values are reinstated. OR operator to serve as the
negative-sequence system and in
the residual path, respectively, can criterion. Consequently, this
be suppressed if preferred. stabilization is always effective
across all three phases.

5
Over/undervoltage
No. Tripping time characteristic Constants and formulae (t in s)
protection
(k = 0.01 to 10.00) a b c R
The over/undervoltage protection
0 Definite time t=k function evaluates the fundamental
Per IEC 60255-3 component of the voltage by way of
1 Normally inverse 0.14 0.02 two definite-time overvoltage and
a
2 Very inverse 13.5 1.00 t =k undervoltage stages each.
2 Extremely inverse 80 2.00
I b
4 Long time inverse 120 1.00
Iref – 1 Over/underfrequency
protection
Per ANSI/IEEE C37.112 Trip Release
5 Moderately inverse 0.0515 0.0200 0.1140 4.85 Over/underfrequency protection
6 Very inverse 19.6100 2.0000 0.4910 21.60 has four stages.
7 Extremely inverse 28.2000 2.0000 0.1217 29.10 Each of these can be operated in
one of the following modes:
Per ANSI Trip Release • Over/underfrequency monitoring
8 Normally inverse 8.9341 2.0938 0.17966 9.00
9 Short time inverse 0.2663 1.2969 0.03393 0.50 • Over/underfrequency monitoring
10 Long time inverse 5.6143 1.0000 2.18592 15.75 combined with differential
a R frequency gradient monitoring
t =k +c tr =k 2 (df/dt) for system decoupling
I b I
Iref – 1 Iref – 1 applications
• Over/underfrequency monitoring
Not per standard 1 combined with medium frequency
11 RI type inverse t =k gradient monitoring (∆f/∆t) for
0.236
0.339 – load shedding applications.
I
Iref Overexcitation protection
Overexcitation protection detects
Not per standard
12 RXIDG type inverse t =k 5.8 – 1.35 ln
I impermissible high magnetic flux
Iref densitiy in the iron core of power
transformers which can occur in
Table 1: Tripping time characteristics of inverse-time overcurrent protection case of increase in voltage and/or
decrease in frequency. Flux density
Intermittent startings of the phase, The tripping time is determined by above the rated value saturates the
negative sequence or residual the set thermal time constant τ of iron core which may result in power
current stage can be accumulated the protected object, the set tripping transformer overheating due to
on the basis of the set tripping level ∆ϑtrip and depends on the large iron losses.
characteristic by means of a accumulated thermal load ∆ϑ0:
settable hold time. Tripping is also Overexcitation protection processes
performed in accordance with the I – ∆ϑ 2 the voltage to frequency ratio (V/f)
0
relevant tripping characteristic. Iref in relation to their nominal values.
t = τ.ln The inverse-time characteristic may
I 2– ∆ϑ
Additionally, the operate values of Iref trip
be set via 12 value pairs and
all overcurrent stages can be set as therefore enables accurate
dynamic parameters. For a settable The temperature of the cooling adaptation to power transformer
hold time, switching to the dynamic medium can be taken into account data. In addition a definite-time
operate values can be done via an in the thermal replica using the alarm stage and a definite-time
external signal. The hold time is optional PT 100 input or the tripping stage are available.
selected to implement a cold load 0 to 20 mA input. The user has a
pick-up function, assuring stability choice of using a thermal replica on
when increased loading is present. the basis of either absolute or
Once the hold time has elapsed, relative temperature.
the static operate values are An alarm signal can be issued in
reinstated. accordance with the set warning
level ∆ϑwarning. As an alternative
Thermal overload protection method of generating an alarm, the
Using this function, thermal overload cyclically updated measured
protection can be realized. The operating value of the predicted
highest of the three phase currents time remaining before tripping is
serves to track a first-order thermal monitored to check whether it is
replica according to IEC 60255-8. falling below a set threshold.

6
Measuring circuit monitoring Global functions Overload data acquisition
Measuring circuit monitoring Functions operating globally allow Overload situations in the network
processes the ratio of negative the adaptation of the device’s represent a deviation from normal
sequence current to positive interfaces to the protected power system operation and can be
sequence current in order to detect system, offer support during permitted for a brief period only.
failure within CT‘s secondary commissioning and testing, provide The overload protection functions
circuit. However unwanted trip by continuously updated information enabled in the protective devices
the differential element cannot be on the operation, as well as recognize overload situations in the
prevented in those cases if the load valuable analysis results following system and provide for acquisition
current is sufficient high. events in the protected system. of overload data such as the
magnitude of the overload current,
Limit value monitoring Clock synchronization the relative heating during the
The highest of the three phase The devices incorporates an internal overload situation and its duration.
currents is the basis of evaluation clock with a resolution of 1ms.
by a definite-time overcurrent stage All events are time-tagged based on Overload recording
with adjustable operate value and this clock, entered in the recording While an overload condition
time delay. Thereby these measured memory appropriate to their persists in the network, the relevant
values are monitored for exceeding significance and signaled via the signals, each fully tagged with date
the set limit. communication interface. and time at signal start and end,
Alternatively two external are entered into a non-volatile
Programmable logic synchronisation signals can be used memory in chronological sequence.
User-configurable logic enables the according to the selected The measured overload data, fully
user to set up logic operations on communication protocol: using one tagged with the date and time of
binary signals within a framework of the protocols Modbus, DNP3, acquisition, are also entered.
of Boolean equations. By means of IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-101 Up to 8 overload situations can be
a straightforward configuration the device will be synchronized by a recorded. If more than 8 overload
procedure, any of the signals of the time telegram from a higher-level situations occur without interim
protection device can be linked by substation control system or in any memory clearance then the oldest
logic ‘OR’ or ‘AND’ operations with other case it will be synchronized overload recording is overwritten.
the possibility of additional using the IRIG-B signal input. The
negation operations. internal clock will then be adjusted Fault data acquisition
accordingly and operate with an A short-circuit within the network is
The output signal of an equation accuracy of ±10 ms if synchronized described as a fault. The short-
can be fed into a further, higher- via protocol and ±1ms if circuit protection functions enabled
order equation as an input signal, synchronized via IRIG-B signal. in the devices recognize short-
thus leading to a set of interlinked
Parameter subset selection circuits within the system and
Boolean equations.
The function parameters for setting trigger acquisition of the associated
The output signal of each equation the protection functions are, to a measured fault data such as the
is fed to a separate timer stage with large extent, stored in four parameter magnitude of the short-circuit current
two timer elements each and a subsets. Switching between these and the fault duration.
choice of operating modes. Thus the subsets is readily achieved via local
output signal of each equation can Fault recording
control or binary input.
be assigned a freely configurable While a fault condition persists in
time characteristic. Operating data recording the power system, the relevant
For the continuous recording of signals, each fully tagged with date
The two output signals of each
processes in system operation or of and time at signal start and end,
equation can be configured to each
events, a non-volatile ring memory are entered into a non-volatile
available input signal after logic OR
is provided. The relevant signals, memory in chronological sequence.
linking. The user-configurable logic
each fully tagged with date and The measured fault data, fully
function is then able to influence the
time at signal start and end, are tagged with the date and time of
individual functions without external
entered in chronological sequence. acquisition, are also entered.
wiring (block, reset, trigger, for
Included are control actions such as
example). Furthermore, the sampled values of
the enabling or disabling of
Via non-storable continuous signals, functions as well as local control all analogue input variables, such as
monostable trigger signals and triggering for testing and resetting. phase currents and neutral-point
bistable setting/resetting signals, The onset and end of events in the currents, are recorded during a fault.
the Boolean equations can be network, as far as these represent a Up to 8 faults can be recorded. If
controlled externally via any of the deviation from normal operation more than 8 faults occur without
device’s interfaces. (overload, ground fault or short- interim memory clearance then the
circuit, for example) are recorded. oldest fault recording is overwritten.

7
5 1 Control Display
All data required for operation of (1) The integrated local control
the protection and control unit are panel has an LCD display with
entered from the integrated local 4x20 alphanumeric characters.
3
control panel. Data important for 17 LED indicators are provided
2
system management is also read out for signal display.
from here. The following tasks can be (2) 5 LED indicators are
handled via the local control panel: permanently assigned to signals.
• Readout and modification of (3) The remaining 12 LED indicators
6 7 4 settings are available for free assignment
• Readout of cyclically updated by the user. A separate adhesive
Figure 3: Local control panel
measured operating data and label is provided for user-defined
state signals labeling of these LED indicators
according to the chosen
• Readout of operating data logs configuration.
and monitoring signal logs
Self-monitoring Menu tree
• Readout of event logs (after
Comprehensive self-monitoring (4) By pressing the
overload situations, ground faults or
procedures within the devices ensure cursor keys and guided by the
short-circuits in the power system)
that internal hardware or software LCD display, the user moves
errors are detected and do not cause • Resetting of the unit and within a plain text menu. All
malfunctions of the protective devices. triggering of further control setting parameters and
functions designed to support measured variables as well as
As the auxiliary voltage is turned all local control functions are
testing and commissioning tasks
on, a functional test is carried out. arranged in this menu which is
Cyclic self-monitoring tests are run The local control panel shown in
standardized for all devices of
during operation. If test results Figure 3 comprises the local control
the system. Changes to the
deviate from the default value then elements and functions described
settings can be prepared and
the corresponding signal is entered below.
confirmed by means of the
into the non-volatile monitoring ENTER key which also
signal memory. The result of the serves to trigger local control
fault diagnosis determines whether Measured value panels functions. In the event of
a blocking of the protection device erroneous entries, exit from the
The configuration of the local
will occur or whether a warning EDIT MODE with rejection of the
control panel allows the installation
only is issued. entries is possible at any time by
of measured value ‘Panels’ on
the LCD display. The Panels are means of the CLEAR key C .
automatically displayed for certain When the EDIT MODE is not
operation conditions of the activated, pressing the CLEAR
system. Priority increases from key has the effect of resetting
normal operation to operation the indications.
under overload conditions and Pressing the READ key G
finally to operation following a provides direct access to a
short-circuit in the system. The preselected point in the menu.
protection device thus provides
Type label and PC interface
the measured value data relevant
for the prevailing conditions. (5) The upper covering flap is
labelled with the device type
designation. Located under the
flap is the type identification
Password protection label with information of order
Access barriers protect the enter number, serial number and the
mode in order to guard against nominal electrical values.
inadvertent or unauthorized (6) Located under the lower
changing of parameters or covering flap is the serial
triggering of control functions. interface for connecting a PC.
(7) To prevent unauthorized
opening of the lower flap, the
attached eyelets can be sealed.

8
Mechanical design Transformer module T Bus modules B
The devices are supplied in two The transformer modules convert Bus modules are printed circuit
case designs. the measured currents and voltages boards (PCBs), providing the
to the internal processing levels electrical connection between the
• Surface-mounted and provides for electrical other modules. Two types of bus
• Flush-mounted isolation. modules are used, namely the
With both case designs, connection analogue and digital-bus PCB.
is via threaded terminal ends with Processor module P
the option of either pin or ring- Binary modules X
The processor module performs the
terminal connections. analogue/digital conversion of the The binary modules are equipped
Two 40TE flush mounted cases can measured variables as well as all with optical couplers for binary
be combined to form a complete digital processing tasks. signal input and/or output relays
19" mounting rack. for the output of signals and
Local control module L
commands.
Figure 4 shows the modular
The local control module
hardware structure of the devices. Analogue module Y
encompasses all control and
The plug-in modules can be
display elements as well as a PC The analogue module is fitted with
combined to suit individual
interface. The local control module a PT 100 input, a 20 mA input and
requirements. The device itself can
is located behind the front panel two 20 mA outputs. One output
identify the fitted modules. During
and connected to the processor relay each is assigned to two
each startup, the number and type
module via a ribbon cable. 20 mA outputs. Additionally, four
of fitted modules are identified and
optical coupler inputs are
checked for compliance with the Communication module A
available.
permissible configurations. As a
The optional communication
function of the components actually Power Supply module V
module provides one or two serial
fitted, the corresponding
information interfaces for the The power supply module ensures
configuration parameters are then
integration of the protection device the electrical isolation of the device
enabled for application.
into a substation control system and as well as providing the power
for remote access. supply. Depending on the chosen
The communication module is design version, optical coupler
plugged into the processor module. inputs and output relays are
provided in addition.

PC Interface Communication Interfaces

A
MiCOM

L
TRIP

ALARM

OUT OF SERVICE

HEALTHY

EDIT MODE
C
G G
C CLEAR
G
G READ

ENTER

G G
G

P
µP

T X Y V

Currents / Voltages Binary Signals / Measured Data / Commands Power Supply

Figure 4: Hardware structure

9
Technical Data
General Data

Case Design Threaded terminals for ring-terminal Surge Immunity Test


connection: Per EN 61000-4-5 or
Surface-mounted case suitable for wall • In preparation IEC 61000-4-5, Level 4,
installation or flush-mounted case for Testing of power supply circuits,
19" cabinets and control panels Creepage Distances and
unsymmetrically/ symmetrically
Clearances
Installation Position operated lines,
Per EN 61010-1 and IEC 60664-1 • Open-circuit voltage front time/time
Vertical ±30° • Pollution degree 3, to half-value: 1.2 / 50 µs,
Degree of Protection • Working voltage 250 V, • Short-circuit current front time/time
Per DIN VDE 0470 and EN 60529 or • Overvoltage category III, to half-value: 8 / 20 µs,
IEC 60529. • Impulse test voltage 5 kV • Amplitude: 4 / 2 kV,
IP 52; IP 20 for the rear connection Tests • Pulse frequency: > 5/min,
area of the flush-mounted case. • Source impedance: 12 / 42 Ω
Weight Type Test
Immunity to Conducted
• Case 40 TE: approx. 7 kg Tests according to
Disturbances Induced by
• Case 84 TE: approx. 11 kg EN 60255-6 or IEC 60255-6
Radio Frequency Fields
Dimensions EMC Per EN 61000-4-6 or
See: Dimensions IEC 61000-4-6, Level 3,
Interference Suppression
• Disturbing test voltage: 10 V
Per EN 55022 or IEC CISPR 22,
Terminal connection Class A Power Frequency Magnetic
diagrams Field Immunity
1 MHz Burst Disturbance Test
Per EN 61000-4-8 or
See: Location and Connections Per IEC 60255-22-1, Class III,
IEC 61000-4-8 , Level 4,
• Common-mode test voltage: 2.5 kV,
Terminals • Frequency: 50 Hz,
• Differential test voltage: 1.0 kV,
• Test field strength: 30 A/m
• Test duration: > 2 s,
PC Interface (X6) • Source impedance: 200 Ω Alternating Component
DIN 41652 connector, type D-Sub, 9pin.
Immunity to Electrostatic (Ripple) in DC Auxiliary
Communication Interface Energizing Quantity
Discharge
Optical fibre (X7 and X8): Per IEC 60255-11, 12 %
Per EN 60255-22-2 or
• F-SMA connector IEC 60255-22-2, Level 3, Insulation
per IEC 60874-2 or DIN 47258 for • Contact discharge,
plastic fibre connection or single discharges: > 10, Voltage Test
• BFOC (ST®) connector 2.5 • Holding time: > 5 s, Per IEC 60255-5 or EN 61010,
per DIN 47254-1 or IEC 60874-10 • Test voltage: 6 kV, 2 kV AC, 60 s
for glass fibre connection or • Test generator: 50 to 100 MΩ, For the voltage test of the power
Leads (X9, X10): 150 pF / 330 Ω supply inputs, direct voltage
• Threaded terminal ends M2 for (2.8 kV DC) must be used.
Immunity to Radiated
wire cross-sections up to 1.5 mm2 The PC interface must not be subjected
Electromagnetic Energy
to the voltage test.
IRIG-B Interface (X11) Per EN 61000-4-3 and
BNC plug ENV 50204, Level 3, Impulse Voltage Withstand Test
• Antenna distance to tested device: Per IEC 60255-5,
Current-Measuring Inputs • Front time: 1.2 µs,
> 1 m on all sides,
Threaded terminals for pin-terminal • Time to half-value: 50 µs,
• Test field strength, frequ. band
connection: • Peak value: 5 kV,
80 to 1000 MHz: 10 V/m,
• Threaded terminal ends M5,
• Test using AM: 1 kHz / 80%, Source impedance: 500 Ω
self-centering with wire protection for
• Single test at 900 MHz: Mechanical Robustness
conductor cross sections of ≤ 4 mm2
AM 200 Hz / 100%
or Vibration Test
Threaded terminals for ring-terminal Electrical Fast Transient or
Burst Requirements Per EN 60255-21-1 or
connection:
Per IEC 60255-22-4, IEC 60255-21-1, Test severity class 1,
• In preparation
Test severity levels 4, • Frequency range in operation:
Other Inputs and Outputs 10 to 60 Hz, 0.035 mm,
• Rise time of one pulse: 5 ns,
Threaded terminals for pin-terminal • Impulse duration (50% value): 50 ns, 60 to 150 Hz, 0.5 g,
connection: • Amplitude: 4 kV / 2 kV, resp., • Frequency range during transport:
• Threaded terminal ends M3, • Burst duration: 15 ms, 10 to 150 Hz, 1 g
self-centering with wire protection • Burst period: 300 ms,
for conductor cross sections of • Burst frequency: 2.5 kHz,
0.2 to 2.5 mm2 • Source impedance: 50 Ω
or

10
Shock Response and Voltage Operating Range
Withstand Test, Bump Test • Nominal voltage Vnom: • for direct voltage: 0.8 to 1.1 VA,nom with a
Per EN 60255-21-2 or 50 to 130 V AC (settable) residual ripple of up to 12% of VA,nom
IEC 60255-21-2, Test severity class 1, • Nominal consumption per phase: • for alternating voltage:
• Acceleration: 5 g/15 g, < 0.3 VA at Vnom = 130 V AC 0.9 to 1.1 VA,nom
• Pulse duration: 11 ms • Load rating: continuous 150 V AC Nominal Burden
Seismic Test Binary Signal Inputs • At VA = 220 V DC /
Per EN 60255-21-3 or • Nominal auxiliary voltage Vin,nom: maximum number of modules fitted:
IEC 60255-21-3, 24 to 250 V DC • In case 40TE:
Test procedure A, Class 1, • Operating range: 0.8 to 1.1 Vin,nom Initial position approx.: 12.6 W
• Frequency range: with a residual ripple of up to 12% Active position approx.: 34.1 W
5 to 8 Hz, 3.5 mm / 1.5 mm of Vin,nom • In case 84TE:
8 to 35 Hz, 10/5 m/s2, • Power consumption per input: Initial position approx.: 14.5 W
• 3 x 1 cycle Vin = 19 to 110 V DC: 0.5 W ± 30% Active position approx.: 42.3 W
Routine Test Vin > 110 V DC: Vin x 5 mA ± 30% Start-Up Peak Current
Tests per EN 60255-6 or Output Relays • < 3 A, duration 0.25 ms
IEC 60255-6 • Rated voltage: 250 V DC, 250 V AC Stored-Energy Time
Voltage Test • Continuous current: 5 A • ∅ 50 ms for interruption of VA ∅ 220 DC
Per IEC 60255-5, 2.2 kV AC, 1 s • Short-duration current: 30 A for 0.5 s
PC Interface
For the voltage test of the power • Making capacity:
1000 W (VA) at L/R = 40 ms • Transmission rate: 300 to 115,200
supply inputs, direct voltage (2.8 kV baud (settable)
DC) must be used. The PC interface • Breaking capacity:
must not be subjected to the voltage test. 0.2 A at 220 V DC and L/R = 40 ms Communication Interface
4 A at 230 V AC and cos ϕ = 0.4
Additional Thermal Test • Protocol can be switched between:
Analogue inputs and outputs IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 60870-5-
100% controlled thermal endurance
101, Modbus, DNP 3.0
test, inputs loaded Direct current input • Transmission rate:
• Input current: 0 to 26 mA 300 to 64000 baud (settable)
Environmental Conditions • Value range: 0.00 to 1.20 Idc,nom
Wire Leads
(Idc,nom = 20 mA)
Ambient Temperature Range • Maximum permissible continuous Per RS 485 or RS 422, 2kV-isolation,
current: 50 mA Distance to be bridged:
• Recommended temperature range: • peer-to-peer link: max. 1200 m
-5°C to +55°C or +23°F to +131°F • Maximum permissible input voltage:
17V • multi-endpoint link: max. 100 m
• Limit temperature range:
-25°C to +70°C or -13°F to +158°F • Input load: 100 Ω Plastic Fibre Connection
• Open circuit monitoring: • Optical wavelength: typ. 660 nm
Ambient Humidity Range 0 to 10 mA (adjustable) • Optical output: min. -7.5 dBm
≤ 75 % relative humidity (annual • Overload monitoring: > 24.8 mA • Optical sensitivity: min. -20 dBm
mean), up to 56 days at ≤ 95% • Zero suppression: 0.000 to 0.200 • Optical input: max. -5 dBm
relative humidity and 40 °C, Idc,nom (adjustable) • Distance to be bridged: max. 45 m (1)
condensation not permissible Resistance thermometer: Glass Fibre Connection G 50/125
Solar Radiation • Only PT 100 permitted, mapping • Optical wavelength: typ. 820 nm
Avoid exposure of the front panel to curve per IEC 60751 • Optical output: min. -19.8 dBm
direct solar radiation. • Value range: –40 to +215 °C • Optical sensitivity: min. -24 dBm
(equivalent to –40 to +419 °F) • Optical input: max. -10 dBm
Ratings • 3 wire configuration: • Distance to be bridged: max. 400 m (1)
max. 20 Ω per conductor. Glass Fibre Connection G
Measurement Inputs • Open and short circuited input
permitted. 62,5/125
• Nominal frequency fnom: • Optical wavelength: typ. 820 nm
• Open circuit monitoring:
50 and 60 Hz (settable)
• Operating range: 0.95 to 1.05 fnom
Θ > +215 °C (or Θ > +419 °F) and • Optical output: min. -16 dBm

• Over/Underfrequency Protection:
Θ < –40 °C (or Θ < –40 °F) • Optical sensitivity: min. -24 dBm
• Optical input: max. -10 dBm
40...70 Hz Direct current output • Distance to be bridged: max. 1400 m (1)
• Overexcitation Protection: • Output current: 0 to 20 mA
0.5 to 1.5 fnom • Maximum permissible load: 500 Ω IRIG-B Interface
• Maximum output voltage: 15 V • Format B122,
Current
• Amplitude modulated, 1 kHz carrier
• Nominal current Inom: Power Supply
signal,
1 and 5 A (settable) Nominal Auxiliary Voltage • BCD time-of-year code
• Nominal consumption per phase:
• VA,nom: 48 to 250 V DC and
< 0.1 VA at Inom
100 to 230 V AC, or
• Load rating: continuous 4 Inom (1) Distance to be bridged for optical outputs
• VA,nom: 24 to 36 V DC (per order)
for 10 s: 30 Inom and inputs that are equal on both ends,
for 1 s; 100 Inom taking into account a system reserve of 3
• Nominal surge current: 250 Inom dB and typical fiber attenuation.

11
Typical Characteristic Data

Main Function Deviations of Resolution in Fault Data


• Minimum output pulse for a trip the Timer Stages Acquisition
command: 0.1 to 10 s (settable)
• Output pulse for a close command: Reference Conditions Time Resolution
0.1 to 10 s (settable) • Sinusoidal signals with nominal 20 sampled values per period
frequency fnom, total harmonic Phase Currents and Residual
Differential Protection distortion ≤ 2 %,
Currents or Neutral-Point
• Shortest tripping time: • ambient temperature 20 °C and
• nominal auxiliary voltage VA,nom
Currents resp.
approx. 19 ms • Dynamic range: 33 Inom
Deviation • Amplitude resolution
Overcurrent-Time Deviation relative to the setting under at Inom = 1 A: 2.0 mA r.m.s.
Protection reference conditions at Inom = 5 A: 10.1 mA r.m.s.
• Operate time inclusive of output
Definite-Time Stages Voltage
relay (measured variable ± 1% + 20 to 40 ms • Dynamic range: 150 V
from 0 to 2-fold operate value): Inverse-Time Stages • Amplitude resolution: 9.2 mV r.m.s.
≤ 40 ms, approx. 30 ms • ± 5 % + 10 to 25 ms (measured
• Reset time (measured variable variable greater than 2 Iref)
from 2-fold operate value to 0): for IEC characteristic extremely
≤ 40 ms, approx. 30 ms inverse and
• Starting resetting ratio: ca. 0.95 • for thermal overload protection:
± 7.5 % + 10 to 20 ms
Overexcitation Protection
• Reset ratio ≥ 0.98 Deviations in Measured
Data Acquisition
Deviations of
the Operate Values Reference Conditions
• Sinusoidal signals with nominal
Reference Conditions frequency fnom , total harmonic
• Sinusoidal signals with nominal distortion ≤ 2 %,
frequency fnom, total harmonic • ambient temperature 20 °C and
distortion ≤ 2 %, • nominal auxiliary voltage VA,nom
• ambient temperature 20 °C and Deviation’
• nominal auxiliary voltage VA,nom Deviation relative to the relevant
Deviation nominal value under reference
Deviation relative to the set value conditions
under reference conditions Operating Data
Differential Protection • Currents / measuring inputs: ± 1 %
• Measuring system: • Voltages / measuring input: ± 0.5 %
± 5 % at Id ≥ 0.2 Iref • Currents formed internally (restraining
• Harmonic restraint: ± 10 % and differential currents): ± 2 %
• Frequency: ± 10 mHz
Ground Differential Protection
Measuring system: Fault Data
± 5 % at Id ≥ 0.2 Iref • Short-circuit current and voltage:
±3%
Overcurrent-Time Protection • Restraining and differential currents:
Operate values: ± 5 % ±5%
Thermal Overload Protection Internal Clock
Operate value Θ: ± 5 % With free running internal clock:
Over/Undervoltage Protection • < 1 min. / month
Operate values: ± 3 %
With external synchronization,
Over/Underfrequency • via protocol, synch. interval
Protection ≤ 1 min: < 10 ms
Operate values: ± 3 % • via IRIG-B signal input: ± 1 ms
Overexcitation Protection
Operate values: ± 3 %

12
Address List - Function Parameters
Global Functions • Min.dur. trip cmd. 3: 0.10...10.00 s Differential Protection (DIFF):
• Min.dur. trip cmd. 4: 0.10...10.00 s • General enable USER: No/Yes
PC Link (PC): • Latching trip cmd. 1: No/Yes • Reference power Sref:
• Command blocking: No/Yes • Latching trip cmd. 2: No/Yes 0.1...5000.0 MVA
• Sig./meas.val.block.: No/Yes • Latching trip cmd. 3: No/Yes • Ref. curr. Iref,a:
Communication Link • Latching trip cmd. 4: No/Yes 0.000...50.000 kA /Not measured
• Fct. assign. fault: see selection table • Ref. curr. Iref,b:
(COMM1, COMM2):
Parameter Subset Selection 0.000...50.000 kA /Not measured
• Command block. USER: No/Yes
(PSS): • Ref. curr. Iref,c:
• Sig./meas.block.USER: No/Yes
0.000...50.000 kA /Not measured
Binary Output (OUTP): • Control via USER: No/Yes
• Ref. curr. Iref,d:
• Param.subs.sel. USER:
• Outp.rel.block USER: No/Yes 0.000...50.000 kA /Not measured
Parameter subset 1
Main Function (MAIN): • Matching fact. kam,a:
Parameter subset 2
0.0000...5.0000
• Protection enabled: Parameter subset 3
• Matching fact. kam,b:
No (= off)/Yes (= on) Parameter subset 4
0.0000...5.0000
• Test mode USER: No/Yes • Keep time:
• Matching fact. kam,c:
• Nominal frequ. fnom: 50 Hz/60 Hz 0.000...65.000 s /Blocked
0.0000...5.0000
• Rotary field: Clockwise Self-Monitoring (SFMON): • Matching fact. kam,d:
rotation/Anti-clockwise rot.
Fct. assign. warning: 0.0000...5.0000
• Inom C.T.prim.,end a: 1...50000 A
see selection table • Vector grp. ends a-b: 0...11
• Inom C.T.prim.,end b: 1...50000 A
Fault Recording (FT_RC): • Vector grp. ends a-c: 0...11
• Inom C.T.prim.,end c: 1...50000 A
• Vector grp. ends a-d: 0...11
• Inom C.T.prim.,end d: 1...50000 A • Fct. assig. trigger:
• Meas. value rel. Id: 0.00...0.20 Iref
• Inom C.T.Yprim,end a: 1...50000 A see selection table
• Meas. value rel. IR: 0.00...0.20 Iref
• Inom C.T.Yprim,end b: 1...50000 A • Id>: 0.01...30.00 Iref / Blocked
• Inom C.T.Yprim,end c: 1...50000 A • IR>: 0.01...30.00 Iref / Blocked Ground Differential Protection
• Vnom V.T. prim.: 0.1...1500.0 kV • Pre-fault time: 1...50 Periods (REF_1, REF_2, REF_3):
• Inom device, end a: 1.0 A/5.0 A • Post-fault time: 1...50 Periods • General enable USER: No/Yes
• Inom device, end b: 1.0 A/5.0 A • Max. recording time: • Select. meas. input:
• Inom device, end c: 1.0 A/5.0 A 5...300 Periods End a
• Inom device, end d 1.0 A/5.0 A End b
• IY,nom device, end a: 1.0 A/5.0 A Main Functions End c
• IY,nom device, end b: 1.0 A/5.0 A Main Function (MAIN): • Reference power Sref:
• IY,nom device, end c: 1.0 A/5.0 A 0.1...5000.0 MVA
• Vnom prim., end a:
• Vnom V.T. sec.: 50...130 V • Ref. curr. Iref: 0.000...50.000 kA
0.1...1500.0 kV
• Meas. value rel. IP: • Matching fact. kam,N:
• Vnom prim., end b:
0.00...0.20 Inom 0.0000...5.0000
0.1...1500.0 kV
• Meas. value rel. IN: • Matching fact.kam,Y:
• Vnom prim., end c:
0.000...0.200 Inom 0.0000...5.0000
0.1...1500.0 kV
• Meas. value rel. IY: • Meas. value rel. Id: 0.00...0.20 Iref
• Vnom prim., end d:
0.000...0.200 IN,nom • Meas. value rel. IR: 0.00...0.20 Iref
0.1...1500.0 kV
• Meas. value rel. V:
• Evaluation IN, end a: Definite-Time
0.00...0.20 Vnom
Calculated/Measured Overcurrent Protection
• Fct.assign. block. 1:
• Evaluation IN, end b: (DTOC1, DTOC2, DTOC3):
see selection table
Calculated/Measured
• Fct.assign. block. 2: • General enable USER: No/Yes
Evaluation IN, end c:
see selection table • Select. meas. input:
Calculated/Measured
• Fct.assign. block. 3: End a
• Current summation:
see selection table End b
Without
• Fct.assign. block. 4: End c
End a + end b
see selection table End d
End a + end c
• Trip cmd.block. USER: No/Yes Current summation
End a + end d
• Fct.assig.trip cmd.1:
End b + end c
see selection table
End b + end d
• Fct.assig.trip cmd.2:
• Hold time dyn.param.:
see selection table
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
• Fct.assig.trip cmd.3:
see selection table
• Fct.assig.trip cmd.4:
see selection table
• Min.dur. trip cmd. 1: 0.10...10.00 s
• Min.dur. trip cmd. 2: 0.10...10.00 s

13
Inverse-Time Overcurrent Limit Value Monitoring Parameter Subset
Protection (IDMT1, IDMT2, (LIMIT): valid for parameter subsets x = ‘1’ to ‘4’
IDMT3): • General enable USER: No/Yes
Differential Protection (DIFF):
• General enable USER: No/Yes • IDC,Iin>:
0.100...1.100 IDC,nom /Blocked • Enable PSx: No/Yes
• Select. meas. input:
End a • IDC,Iin>>: • Idiff> PSx: 0.10...2.50 Iref
End b 0.100...1.100 IDC,nom /Blocked • Idiff>> PSx: 5...30 Iref
End c • tIDC,Iin>: 0.00...20.00 s /Blocked • Idiff>>> PSx: 5...30 Iref
• tIDC,Iin>>: 0.00...20.00 s/Blocked • m1 PSx: 0.2...1.5
End d
• IDC,Iin<: • m2 PSx: 0.4...1.5
Current summation
0.100...1.100 IDC,nom /Blocked • IR,m2 PSx: 1.5...10.0 Iref
Thermal Overload Protection • Op.mode harm.bl. PSx:
• IDC,Iin<<:
(THRM1, THRM2): 0.100...1.100 IDC,nom /Blocked Without
• General enable USER: No/Yes • tIDC,Iin<: 0.00...20.00 s /Blocked Not phase-selective
• Select. meas. input: • tIDC,Iin<<: 0.00...20.00 s /Blocked Phase-selective
End a • T>: -20...200 °C • RushI(2f0)/I(f0) PSx: 10...50 %
End b • T>>: -20...200 °C • 0-seq. filt.a en.PSx: No/Yes
End c • tT>: 0...1000 s /Blocked • 0-seq. filt.b en.PSx: No/Yes
End d • tT>>: 0...1000 s /Blocked • 0-seq. filt.c en.PSx: No/Yes
Current summation • T<: -20...200 °C • 0-seq. filt.d en.PSx: No/Yes
• Operating mode: • T<<: -20...200 °C • Overflux.bl. en. PSx: No/Yes
Absolute replica/Relative replica • tT<: 0...1000 s /Blocked • Over I(5f0)/(f0) PSx: 10...80 %
Over/Undervoltage • tT<<: 0...1000 s /Blocked Ground Differential Protection
Protection (V<>): Limit Value Monitoring (REF_1, REF_2, REF_3):
• General enable USER: No/Yes (LIM_1, LIM_2, LIM_3): • Enable PSx: No/Yes
• General enable USER: No/Yes • Idiff> PSx: 0.10...1.00 Iref
Over/Underfrequency
• Select. meas. input: • Idiff>>> PSx: 5...10 Iref
Protection (f<>):
End a
• General enable USER: No/Yes
End b
• Evaluation time: 3...6 Periods
End c
• Undervolt. block.
End d
V<: 0.20...1.00 Vnom(/√3)
Current summation
Overexcitation Protection (V/f): • I>: 0.10...5.00 Inom /Blocked
• General enable USER: No/Yes • I>>: 0.10...5.00 Inom /Blocked
Measuring Circuit Monitoring • tI>: 0.5...1000.0 s /Blocked
• tI>>: 0.5...1000.0 s /Blocked
(MCM_1, MCM_2, MCM_3,
MCM_4): Programmable Logic (LOGIC):
• General enable USER: No/Yes • General enable USER: No/Yes
• Select. meas. input: • Set 1 USER: No/Yes
End a to
End b Set 8 USER: No/Yes
End c valid for y = ‚1‘ to ‚32‘:
End d • Fct.assignm. outp. y: see selection
table
Op. mode t output y:
Without timer stage
Oper./releas.delay
Oper.del./puls.dur.
Op./rel.delay,retrig
Op.del./puls.dur.,rt
Minimum time
• Time t1 output y: 0.00...600.00 s
• Time t2 output y: 0.00...600.00 s
• Sig.assig. outp. y:
see selection table
• Sig.assig.outp. y(t):
see selection table

14
Definite-Time Overcurrent Inverse-Time Overcurrent Thermal Overload Protection
Protection Protection (THRM1, THRM2):
(DTOC1, DTOC2, DTOC3): (IDMT1, IDMT2, IDMT3): • Enable PSx: No/Yes
• Enable PSx: No/Yes • Enable PSx: No/Yes • Iref PSx: 0.10...4.00 Inom
• Bl. tim.st. IN,n PSx: • Bl. tim.st. IN,n PSx: • Start.fact.OL_RC PSx: 1.05...1.50
Without Without • Tim.const.1,>IbI PSx:
For single-ph. start For single-ph. start 1.0...1000.0 min
For multi-ph. start. For multi-ph. start. • Tim.const.2,<IbI PSx:
• Gen.starting modePSx: W/o start. • Gen.starting modePSx: 1.0...1000.0 min
IN, Ineg/With starting IN, Ineg W/o start. IN, Ineg/With starting • Max.perm.obj.tmp.PSx: 0...300 °C
• tGS PSx: 0.00 ... 100.00 s/Blocked IN, Ineg • Max.perm.cool.tmpPSx: 0...70 °C
• Rush restr.enabl PSx: No/Yes • tGS PSx: 0.00 ... 100.00 s/Blocked • Select CTA PSx:
• I> PSx: 0.10...30.00 Inom /Blocked • Rush restr.enabl PSx: No/Yes Default temp. value
• I>> PSx: 0.10...30.00 Inom /Blocked • Iref,P PSx: 0.10...4.00 Inom /Blocked From PT100
• I>>> PSx: 0.10...30.00 Inom/Blocked • Iref,P dynamic PSx: From 20 mA input
• I> dynamic PSx: 0.10...4.00 Inom /Blocked • Default CTA PSx: -40...70 °C
0.10...30.00 Inom /Blocked • Characteristic P PSx: • Bl. f. CTA fault PSx: No/Yes
• I>> dynamic PSx: Definite Time • Rel. O/T warning PSx: 50...200 %
0.10...30.00 Inom /Blocked IEC Standard Inverse • Rel. O/T trip PSx: 50...200 %
• I>>> dynamic PSx: IEC Very Inverse • Hysteresis trip PSx: 2...30 %
0.10...30.00 Inom /Blocked IEC Extr. Inverse • Warning pre-trip PSx:
• tI> PSx: 0.00...100.00 s /Blocked IEC Long Time Inv. 0.0...1000.0 min /Blocked
• tI>> PSx: 0.00...100.00 s /Blocked IEEE Moderately Inv. Over/Undervoltage
• tI>>> PSx: 0.00...100.00 s /Blocked IEEE Very Inverse Protection (V<>):
valid for y = ‚neg‘ or ‚N‘: IEEE Extremely Inv.
• Enable PSx: No/Yes
• Iy> PSx: ANSI Normally Inv.
• V> PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked ANSI Short Time Inv.
0.20...1.50 Vnom /Blocked
• Iy>> PSx: ANSI Long Time Inv.
• V>> PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked RI-Type Inverse
0.20...1.50 Vnom /Blocked
• Iy>>> PSx: RXIDG-Type Inverse
• V> PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked • Factor kt,P PSx: 0.05...10.00
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
• Iy> dynamic PSx: • Min. trip t. P PSx: 0.00...10.00 s
• V>> PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked • Hold time P PSx: 0.00...600.00 s
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
• Iy>> dynamic PSx: • Reset P PSx: Without
• V< PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked delay/Delayed as per char.
0.20...1.50 Vnom /Blocked
• Iy>>> dynamic PSx: valid for y = ‚neg‘ or ‚N‘:
• V<< PSx:
0.10...8.00 Inom /Blocked • Iref,y PSx:
0.20...1.50 Vnom /Blocked
• tIy> PSx: 0.01...0.80 Inom /Blocked
• Vmin> PSx:
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked • Iref,y dynamic PSx:
0.00...0.60 Vnom /Blocked
• tIy>> PSx: 0.01...0.80 Inom /Blocked
• V< PSx:
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked • Characteristic y PSx:
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
• tIy>>> PSx: Definite Time
• V<< PSx:
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked IEC Standard Inverse
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
IEC Very Inverse
• Transient PSx:
IEC Extr. Inverse
0.00...100.00 s /Blocked
IEC Long Time Inv.
• Hyst. V<> meas. PSx: 1...10 %
IEEE Moderately Inv.
IEEE Very Inverse
IEEE Extremely Inv.
ANSI Normally Inv.
ANSI Short Time Inv.
ANSI Long Time Inv.
RI-Type Inverse
RXIDG-Type Inverse
• Factor kt,y PSx: 0.05...10.00
• Min. trip t. y PSx: 0.00...10.00 s
• Hold time y PSx: 0.00...600.00 s
• Reset y PSx:
Without delay/Delayed as per char.

15
Over/Underfrequency Measured Data Output Angle phi BC, end b: -180...180 °
Protection (f<>): (MEASO): Angle phi CA, end b: -180...180 °
• Enable PSx: No/Yes • Current A-1: 0.00...20.00 mA Angle phi AB, end c: -180...180 °
• Oper. mode f1 PSx: • Current A-2: 0.00...20.00 mA Angle phi BC, end c: -180...180 °
f Angle phi CA, end c: -180...180 °
Main Function (MAIN): Angle phi AB, end d: -180...180 °
f with df/dt
f w. Delta f/Delta t Date:01.01.1997...31.12.2096 Angle phi BC, end d -180...180 °
• f1 PSx: 40.00...70.00 Hz /Blocked dd.mm.yy Angle phi CA, end d: -180...180 °
• tf1 PSx: 0.00...10.00 s /Blocked Time: 00:00:00...23:59:59 hh:mm:ss Angle phi NY, end a: -180...180 °
• df1/dt PSx: 0.1...10.0 Hz/s /Blocked Time switching: Angle phi NY, end b: -180...180 °
• Delta f1 PSx: 0.01...5.00 Hz /Blocked Standard time/Daylight saving time Angle phi NY, end c: -180...180 °
• Delta t1 PSx: 0.04...3.00 s Frequency f: 40.00...70.00 Hz Angle phi A, end a-b: -180...180 °
to Current Imax,a prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi B, end a-b: -180...180 °
• Oper. mode f4 PSx: Current Imax,b prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi C, end a-b: -180...180 °
f Current Imax,c prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi A, end a-c: -180...180 °
f with df/dt Current Imax,d prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi B, end a-c: -180...180 °
f w. Delta f/Delta t Current IA,a prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi C, end a-c: -180...180 °
• f4 PSx: 40.00...70.00 Hz /Blocked Current IB,a prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi A, end a-d: -180...180 °
• tf4 PSx: 0.00...10.00 s /Blocked Current IC,a prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi B, end a-d: -180...180 °
• df4/dt PSx: 0.1...10.0 Hz/s /Blocked Current IA,b prim.: 0...25000 A Angle phi C, end a-d: -180...180 °
• Delta f4 PSx: 0.01...5.00 Hz /Blocked Current IB,b prim.: 0...25000 A
Current IC,b prim.: 0...25000 A
Differential Protection (DIFF):
• Delta t4 PSx: 0.04...3.00 s Diff. current 1:
Current IA,c prim.: 0...25000 A
Overexcitation Protection (V/f): Current IB,c prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
• Enable PSx: No/Yes Current IC,c prim.: 0...25000 A Restrain. current 1:
• V/f> (alarm) PSx: 1.00...1.20 Current IA,d prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
Vnom/fnom /Blocked Current IB,d prim.: 0...25000 A Diff. current 2:
• V/f(t)> PSx: 1.05...1.50 Current IC,d prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
Vnom/fnom /Blocked Current IN,a prim.: 0...25000 A Restrain. current 2:
• V/f>> PSx: 1.05...1.50 Vnom/fnom Current IY,a prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
/Blocked Current IN,b prim.: 0...25000 A Diff. current 3:
• tV/f> PSx: 0...10000 s /Blocked Current IY,b prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
• t at V/f=1.05 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IN,c prim.: 0...25000 A Restrain. current 3:
• t at V/f=1.10 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IY,c prim.: 0...25000 A 0.000...40.000 Iref
• t at V/f=1.15 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IN,d prim.: 0...25000 A Ground Differential Protection
• t at V/f=1.20 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Voltage V prim.: 0.0...2500.0 kV (REF_1, REF_2, REF_3):
• t at V/f=1.25 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current Imax,a p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Diff. current: 0.00...20.00 Iref
• t at V/f=1.30 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current Imax,b p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Restrain.current: 0.00...20.00 Iref
• t at V/f=1.35 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current Imax,c p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom
• t at V/f=1.40 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current Imax,d p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Thermal Overload Protection
• t at V/f=1.45 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IA,a p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom (THRM1, THRM2):
• t at V/f=1.50 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IB,a p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Status replica: -25000...25000 %
• t at V/f=1.55 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IC,a p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Object temperature: -40...300 °C
• t at V/f=1.60 PSx: 1.0...1000.0 s Current IA,b p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Coolant temperature: -40...200 °C
• Reset time PSx: 0...10000 s Current IB,b p.u.: 0.00...25.00Inom Pre-trip time left: 0.0...1000.0 min
• tV/f>> PSx: 0...10000 s /Blocked Current IC,b p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Therm. replica p.u.: -25.00...25.00
Current IA,c p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Object temp. p.u.: -0.04...0.30 100 °C
Measuring Circuit Monitoring
Current IB,c p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Coolant temp. p.u.: -0.04...0.20 100 °C
(MCM_1, MCM_2, MCM_3, Current IC,c p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Temp. offset replica:
MCM_4): Current IA,d p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom -25000...25000 %
• Enable PSx: No/Yes Current IB,d p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom Overexcitation Protection (V/f):
• Ineg/Ipos> PSx: 0.20...1.00 Current IC,d p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Inom
• Operate delay PSx: 0.10...100.00 s Excitation V/f p.u.: 0.00...10.00
Current IN,a p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
Status replica in %: 0...100 %
Current IY,a p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
Measured Operating Data Current IN,b p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
Status replica p.u.: 0.00...1.00

Measured Data Input (MEASI): Current IY,b p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom


• Current IDC: 0.00...24.00 mA Current IN,c p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
• Current IDC p.u.: Current IY,c p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
0.00...1.20 IDC,nom Current IN,d p.u.: 0.000...25.000 Inom
• Curr. IDC,Iin. p.u.: Voltage V p.u.: 0.00...25.00 Vnom
0.00...1.20 IDC,nom Angle phi AB, end a: -180...180 °
• Scaled value IDC, Iin: Angle phi BC, end a: -180...180 °
-32000...32000 Angle phi CA, end a: -180...180 °
• Temperature: -40.0...215.0 °C Angle phi AB, end b: -180...180 °

16
Dimensions

Surface-mounted case 40 TE

147.5
177.5
184.5
C G
C
G

X6

213.4 257.1
242.6
260.2

Flush-mounted case 40 TE with panel cutout


177.5

C G
C
G

X6

227.9
213.4 253.6

203
155.4
159
168

181.3

Figure 5: Dimensional drawings for case 40 TE

17
Surface-mounted case 84 TE

147.5
177.5
184.5
C G
C
G

X6

434.8 257.1
464
481.6

Flush-mounted case 84 TE with panel cutout


177.5

C G
C
G

X6

434.8 227.9
253.6

284.9
259
25.9
159
168

5.0

5.0
410.0

Figure 6: Dimensional drawings for case 84 TE

18
Location and Connections

P631 in case 40 TE for ring-terminal connection P631 in case 40 TE for pin-terminal connection
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P A T X V P A T X V
6J 4I 6J 4I
6O 8O 6O 8O

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P632 in case 84 TE for ring-terminal connection P632 in case 40 TE for pin-terminal connection
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P A T T X X X V P A T T X X V X
4J 4J 24I 6I 4I 4J 4J 6I 24I 4I
1U 8O 6O 8O 1U 8O 8O 6O
alt. alt.

Y Y
4I 4I

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P633 in case 40 TE for pin-terminal connection


01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P A T T T V X
4J 4J 4J 4I
1U 8O 6O

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

P633 in case 84 TE for ring-terminal connection P633 in case 84 TE for pin-terminal connection
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

P A T T T X Y X X X V P A T T T X Y X X X V
4J 4J 4J 6I 4I 24I 6I 4I 4J 4J 4J 6I 4I 24I 6I 4I
1U 8O 8O 6O 8O 1U 8O 8O 6O 8O

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

P634 in case 84 TE for ring-terminal connection P634 in case 84 TE for pin-terminal connection
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

P A T T T T Y X X X V P A T T T T Y X X X V
4J 4J 4J 3J 4I 24I 6I 4I 4J 4J 4J 3J 4I 24I 6I 4I
1U 8O 6O 8O 1U 8O 6O 8O

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Figure 7: Location diagrams

19
Transformer Type T Transformer Type T Transformer Type T Transformer Type T Communication Type A
module 6J module 4J 1U module 4J module 3J module

Per order
Ring Pin Current measuring Ring Pin Voltage measuring
X031 X032 inputs X031 X031 input COMM1
1 1 1IA T11 Mounting variation optical fibre link
2 2 13 1 1U T5 X7
3 3 1IB T12 16 4 2U 1
X//Y U17
4 4
5 5 1IC T13 X8
6 6 1
X//Y U18

or wire link
X9
Ring Pin Ring Pin X//Y
Current measuring Current measuring Current measuring 1
X042 X032 inputs X_2 inputs X092 inputs 2 D2 [R ]
7 1 2IA T21 1 1 xIA Tx1 1 1 xIA Tx1 1 1 xIA Tx1 3
8
U19
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 4
9 3 2IB T22 3 3 xIB Tx2 3 3 xIB Tx2 3 3 xIB Tx2 5 D1 [T ]
10 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
11 5 2IC T23 5 5 xIC Tx3 5 5 xIC Tx3 5 5 xIC Tx3 RS 485
12 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

COMM2
wire link only
(in preparation)
7 7 xIN Tx4 7 7 xIN Tx4 X10
X//Y
8 8 8 8 1
2 D2 [R ]
3
U20
4
5 D1 [T ]

RS 485

IRIG-B
time synchronization
X11
1 # U21
#

Analogue Type Y Binary Type X Binary Type X Binary Type X Power supply Type V
module 4I module 24I module 6I 8O module 6O module

Ring Pin Ring pin Ring Pin Ring Pin Ring Pin
X_1 X_1 Meas. outputs Signal inputs X_1 X_1 Output relays X_1 X_1 Output relays X_1 X_1 Output relays
1 1 X_1 X_1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Vin
2 2 K_1 1 1 2 2 K_1 2 2 K_1 2 2 K_1
valid U_1
3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
U_2
3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4
U U_3
4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5
U_4
5 5 5 5 6 6 K_2 6 6 6 6 K_2
# U_5
6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7
0..20 mA U_8 U_6 K_2
7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8
U_7 K_3 K_3
7 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9
K_2 U_8
8 8 9 9
9 9 valid X_2 X_2
10 1 X_2 10 1
X_2 X_2 11 2 K_4 10 1 11 2 K_4
Vin
10 1
U 10 1 12 3 K_5 11 2 12 3 K_5
U_9
11 2 11 2 13 4 K_6 12 3 1) 13 4 K_6
# U_10
12 3 12 3 14 5 K_7 13 4 14 5 K_7
U_11
0..20 mA U_9 13 4 15 6 14 5 K_3 15 6
U_12
14 5 16 7 K_8 15 6 1) 16 7 K_8
U_13
15 6 17 8 16 7 17 8
Signal and meas. U_14
16 7 17 8
inputs U_15 Signal inputs Signal inputs
17 8 18 9
U_16
13 4 18 9 18 9 18 9
Vin U _1 Vin Vin
14 5 U _1 U _1
15 6 X_3 X_3 X_3
Vin U_2
16 7 X_3 19 1 19 1 19 1
Vin
17 8 19 1 20 2
Vin 20 2 K_4 20 2
Vin
Vin U_3 U_18
20 2 21 3 U_2 21 3 1) 21 3 U_2
U_18
18 9 21 3 22 4
Vin 22 4 22 4
Vin U_4 U_19 Vin
22 4 U_3 23 5 K_5 U_3
U_20 1)
X_3 23 5 23 5
Vin 24 6 23 5
U_21 Vin
19 1 24 6 24 6 U_4 25 7 24 6 U_4
20 2
U U_22 K_6
U _5 25 7 25 7
Vin 26 8
21 3 0..20 mA U_23 U_5 Power supply
26 8 27 9
# U_24
22 4 U U_6 27 9 26 8 Vin 25 7 VAux
23 5 27 9 U_6 26 8
24 6 PT100
# 27 9
U100

'_' is used as a wildcard for the location according to figure 7


1) Binary module X (6O) optionally equipped with 4 static outputs which are in parallel to the NO contacts of relays K_2, K_3, K_4, K_5

Figure 8:Terminal connection diagrams of the modules.

20
Connection Examples

A
B
C

Transformer Type T
module 6J

Ring Pin Current measuring


X031 X032 inputs
1 1 1IA T11
2 2
3 3 1IB T12
4 4
5 5 1IC T13
6 6

X042
7 1 2I A T21
8 2
9 3 2IB T22
10 4
11 5 2IC T23
12 6

A B C
Figure 9: Connection example for P631

21
A
B
Transformer Type T
C module 4J 1U

Ring Pin Voltage measuring


X031 X031 input

13 1 1U T5
16 4 2U

Current measuring
X032 inputs
1 1 xIA Tx1
2 2
3 3 xIB Tx2
4 4
5 5 xIC Tx3
6 6

7 7 xIN Tx4
8 8

b c

Transformer Type T
module 4J

Ring Pin Current measuring


X051 X052 inputs
1 1 xIA Tx1
2 2
3 3 xIB Tx2
4 4
5 5 xIC Tx3
6 6

7 7 xIN Tx4
8 8

Transformer Type T
module 4J

Ring Pin Current measuring


X071 X072 inputs
1 1 xIA Tx1
2 2
3 3 xIB Tx2
4 4
5 5 xIC Tx3
6 6

A B C A B C 7
8
7
8
xIN Tx4

Figure 10: Connection example for P633

22
Information required with order:
Variants Order No.
P631 Differential protection P631- 9 0 0 0 0
Basic device 40TE, pin terminal connection 3 -401
Basic device 40TE, ring terminal connection 4 -402
Basic complement 4 binary inputs and 8 output relays

P632 Differential protection P632- 9 0 1


Basic device 40TE, pin terminal connection 3 -401
Basic device 84TE, ring terminal connection 8 -402
Basic complement 4 binary inputs and 8 output relays

P633 Differential protection P633- 9 9 1


Basic device 40TE, pin terminal connection 3 0 0 -401
Basic device 84TE, pin terminal connection 7 -402
Basic device 84TE, ring terminal connection 8 -403
Basic complement 4 binary inputs and 8 output relays

P634 Differential protection P634- 9 9 1


Basic device 84TE, pin terminal connection 7 -401
Basic device 84TE, ring terminal connection 8 -402
Basic complement 4 binary inputs and 8 output relays

Case design:
Surface mounted, local control panel with text display 3
Flush mounted, local control panel with text display 4

Additional options: [not possible for P633 40TE]


Without 0
With 1 binary module (6 binary inputs/8 output relays) [P632/P633/P634 only] 1
With 2 binary modules (12 binary inputs/16 output relays) [P633 only] 2

Power supply and additional option:


VA,nom = 24 to 36 VDC 3
VA,nom = 48 to 250VDC/100 to 230VAC 4
VA,nom = 24 to 36 VDC and binary module (6 output relays, 4 with static make contacts) 6
VA,nom = 48 to 250VDC/100 to 230VAC and binary module (6 output relays, 4 with static make contacts) 7
VA,nom = 24 to 36 VDC and binary module (6 output relays) 8
VA,nom = 48 to 250VDC/100 to 230VAC and binary module (6 output relays) 9

Additional options: [not possible for P633 40TE]


Without 0
With analogue module [P632/P633/P634 only] 2
With binary module (24 binary inputs) [P632/P633/P634 only] 4
With binary module (24 binary inputs) and analogue module [P633 only] 6

Interfaces:
With communication interface -451 9 1
protocol: IEC 60870-5-103

With communication interface -456 9


only IRIG-B input for clock synchronisation 0 0

protocol can be switched between: 2


IEC 60870-5-101/-103, MODBUS, DNP 3.0
and IRIG-B input for clock synchronisation
incl. 2nd rear port (RS485, IEC 60870-5-103)
for connection to wire, RS485, isolated 1
for connection to plastic fibre, FSMA connector 2
for connection to glass fibre, ST connector 4
Language:
English _
German -801
French -802
Spanish -803

23
Printed in France - 090201 - Flash Espace
© 2002 ALSTOM
Publication: P63x/EN BR/Bb

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MiCOM is a registered trademark of ALSTOM. Other names mentioned, registered or not, are the property of their respective companies.
Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every effort is made to produce up to date literature, this
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referred to in it. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.