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Carbon Steel Thermal Properties

The properties of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity of Material
steel are dependent on steel temperature. Behavior
Introducti
on
The coefficient of thermal elongation of steel Δl / l can be determined by:
Steel
Concrete
Timber
(1 Masonry
)

where
l is the length at 20°C;
Δl is the temperature induced elongation;
θa is the steel temperature [°C].

The variation of the thermal elongation with temperature is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 Thermal elongation of


Figure 2 Specific heat of carbon steel
carbon steel as a function of
as a function of temperature
temperature

The specific heat of steel ca [in J/kg•K] can be determined by:

(2
)

The variation of the specific heat with temperature is shown in Figure 2.

The thermal conductivity of steel λa [in W/m•K] can be determined by:

(3)
The variation of the thermal conductivity with temperature is shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3 Thermal conductivity of carbon steel as a function of temperature