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01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

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Comparison  Analog Circuit Design Basics (10)

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BY ADMIN · PUBLISHED AUGUST 24, 2013 ·
UPDATED JANUARY 1, 2015  Interview Questions (10)

What is the Difference between Online  Linear Power Supply Design (4)
& Offline UPS?  What are the
advantages & Disadvantages of them?  Power Electronics Basics (8)

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01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

Comparison between Online and


 Power Semiconductor Devices (14)
Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply
 SCR Tutorials (11)

 Switch Mode Power Supply [SMPS] (2)

 Uninterruptible power supply [UPS] (5)

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Applications of the Online UPS and
Offline UPS. In addition to that it gives
the comparison between the Online
UPS and Offline UPS.
Before proceeding further, it is highly GET UPDATES VIA EMAIL:

recommended to understand the basics Enter Your Email Address:


of Uninterruptible Power
Supply (UPS) and various types of UPS.
Click here to know about the Online and Submit
Offline UPS basics.
After submitting, Click the link in the
Online UPS Systems: confirmation mail sent to you, to complete
A separate post is published about the the subscription process.
Online UPS, which gives complete
understanding about this kind UPS.
Please refer the particular post.
The online UPS Systems have much Ads by Google

more complex designs than Offline UPS UPS Systems


systems, while the price, weight, and
UPS Power Supply
volume are higher. The inverter of an
http://www.completepowerelectronics.com/comparison­online­offline­ups/ 2/8
01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

online UPS supplies continuous power


to the critical load. Under conditions of
overload or loads with high inrush
LIKE US IN FB
currents which is beyond the capacity
Like Us in FB
of the inverter, the static bypass switch
provides mains power to the load.
These kind UPS prevent the load from
surge voltage, transient voltage, noise
and brownouts.

Offline UPS Systems:


This is the simplest form of UPS
system. Referring this system as a UPS
is not correct because the inverter is
normally off. For this reason off-line
UPS are also known as standby power
sources. The most important
advantage of the offline UPS system is
low-cost.

Advantages of Online UPS:

It provides isolation between main


supply and load.
Since inverter is always ON, the
quality of load voltage is free from
distortion.
All the disturbances of supply such
as blackout, brownouts, spikes etc
are absent in the output.
Voltage regulation is better
Transfer time is practically zero
since inverter is always ON.

Disadvantages of Online UPS:

http://www.completepowerelectronics.com/comparison­online­offline­ups/ 3/8
01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

Overall efficiency of UPS is reduced


since inverter is always ON.
The wattage of the rectifier is
increased since it has to supply
power to inverter as well as charge
battery.
Online UPS is costlier than other
Uninterruptible Power
Supply Systems.

Applications of Online UPS:

1. Induction motor drives and similar


other motor control applications.
2. Intensive care units, medical
equipments.

Advantages of Offline UPS:

Offline UPS has high efficiencies,


since charger is not continuously
on.
The power handling capacity of
charger is reduced.
Offline UPS are not very costly.
Internal control is simpler in offline
Uninterruptible Power Supply.

Disadvantages of Offline UPS:

Since offline UPS provides mains


supply when it is present, the
output contains voltage spikes,
brownouts, blackouts.
There is finite transfer time from
mains to inverter when mains
supply fails.
http://www.completepowerelectronics.com/comparison­online­offline­ups/ 4/8
01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

Output of offline Uninterruptible


Power Supply  is not perfectly
reliable.

Applications of Offline UPS:

1. Computers, printers, scanners etc


use offline UPS.
2. Emergency power supplies, EPABX.

Comparison between Online and


Offline UPS:

Sl Offline
parameter Online UPS
No UPS

 Turned
On when
1  Inverter  Always ON
 mains

fails

 Rectifier  Supplies power to  Charges


2 cum inverter as well  as only
 charger charges battery  battery

 Quasi
 Output
3  Sine wave square
 waveform
wave

 Harmonic
4  Low  High
 distortion

5  Efficiency  Low  High

 Not
 Isolated from isolated
6  Load
supply from
 Supply

7  Cost  High  Low

http://www.completepowerelectronics.com/comparison­online­offline­ups/ 5/8
01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

Read More:
Thyristor: Turn-Off(Commutation)
methods
SMPS Advantages, Disadvantages &
Comparison with Linear Power Supply
Various SCR Protections

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5 RESPONSES

 Comments 5  Pingbacks 0

CH.S.R.ADITYA
 May 23, 2014 at 6:31 am
Simply superbbbbb.....:-)
Reply

CH.S.R.ADITYA
 May 23, 2014 at 6:33 am
Simply superbbbbb....:-) and thnku....for
this useful information
Reply

http://www.completepowerelectronics.com/comparison­online­offline­ups/ 6/8
01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

srinivas kv  August 13, 2015 at 7:34 am


Excellent description and comparision
Reply

Devang  December 1, 2015 at 7:56 pm


Simply... Bole to ek dam.jakks....
Short & svt...:-)
Tnx
Reply

Sofia  May 20, 2016 at 11:56 am


Thank you for this summary! I would like
to know, is there any comparisons made
of the total energy losses for the two
UPS types?
Reply

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01/12/2016 Comparison between Online and Offline Uninterruptible Power Supply

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