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Prelim Examination in PLANE TRIGONOMETRY

Year: _______ Block: ____

“Construct your determination with Sustained Effort, Controlled Attention and Concentrated Energy.
Opportunities never come to those who wait… they are captured by those who dare to attack”
- Paul J. Meyer -

Name: ___________________________________________________________________ Score: _____________

1. Express each of the following in radian measure:

(a) 25°, (b) 160°, (c) 75°30', (d) 112°40', (e) 12°12'20", (f) 18.34°

2. Express each of the following in degree measure:

(a) 𝜋/4 rad, (b) 7𝜋/10 rad, (c) 5𝜋/6 rad, (d) 1/4 rad, (e) 7/5 rad

3. On a circle of radius 24 in, find the length of arc subtended by a central angle of:
(a) 2/3 rad, (b) 3𝜋/5 rad, (c) 75°, (d) 130°.

4. A circle has a radius of 30 in. How many radians are there in an angle at the center subtended by an
arc of:
(a) 30 in, (b) 20 in, (c) 50 in ?

5. Find the radius of the circle for which an arc 15 in long subtends an angle of
(a) 1 rad, (b) 3 rad, (c) 3 rad, (d) 20°, (e) 50°

6. The end of a 40-in pendulum describes an arc of 5 in. Through what angle does the pendulum

7. A train is traveling at the rate 12 mi/h on a curve of radius 3000 ft. Through what angle has it turned
in 1 min?

8. A reversed curve on a railroad track consists of two circular arcs. The central angle of one is 20° with
radius 2500 ft and the central angle of the other is 25° with radius 3000 ft. Find the total length of
the two arcs.

9. A flywheel of radius 10 cm is turning at the rate 900 r/min. How fast does a point on the rim travel in
10. In grinding certain tools the linear velocity of the grinding surface should not exceed 6000 ft/s. Find
the maximum number of revolutions per second of:
(a) a 12-in (diameter) emery wheel and (b) an 8-in wheel.

11. An automobile tire has a diameter of 30 in. How fast (r/min) does the wheel turn on the axle when
the automobile maintains a speed of 45 mi/h?

12. If an automobile wheel 78 cm in diameter rotates at 600 r/min, what is the speed of the car in

13. State the quadrant in which each angle terminates and the signs of the sine, cosine, and tangent of
each angle.
(a) 125°, (b) 75°, (c) 320°, (d) 212°, (e) 460°, (f) 750°, (g) -250°, (h) -1000°

14. In what quadrant will ϴ terminate if

(a) sin ϴ and cos ϴ are both positive? (e) tan ϴ is positive and sec ϴ is negative?

(b) cos ϴ and tan ϴ are both positive? (f) tan ϴ is negative and sec ϴ is positive?

(c) sin ϴ and sec ϴ are both negative? (g) sin ϴ is positive and cos ϴ is negative?

(d) cos ϴ and cot ϴ are both negative? (h) sec ϴ is positive and csc ϴ is negative?

15. Denote by ϴ the smallest positive angle whose terminal side passes through the given point and find
the trigonometric functions of ϴ:

(a) P(-5, 12), (b) P(7, -24), (c) P(2, 3), (d) P(-3, -5)

16. Find the values of the trigonometric functions of ϴ, given:

(a) sin ϴ= 7/25 (d) cot ϴ = 24/7 (g) tan ϴ = 3/5 (j) csc ϴ = -2/√3 = -2√3/3

(b) cos ϴ = -4/5 (e) sin ϴ = -2/3 (h) cot ϴ = √6/2

(c) tan ϴ = -5/12 (f) cos ϴ = 5/6 (i) sec ϴ = -√5

17. Evaluate each of the following:

(a) tan 180° - 2 cos 180° + 3 csc 270° + sin 90°

(b) sin 0° + 3 cot 90° + 5 sec 180° - 4 cos 270°

(c) 3 sin 𝜋 + 4 cos 0 -3 cos 𝜋 + sin 𝜋/2

(d) 4 cos 𝜋/2 - 5 sin 3 𝜋/2 - 2 sin 𝜋/2 + sin 0

`18. State the quadrant in which each angle, in radian measure, terminates:

(a) 𝜋/4, (b) 5 𝜋/6, (c) 11 𝜋/3, (d) -3 𝜋/4, (e) 8 𝜋/3, (f) 17 𝜋/6,
(g) 23 𝜋/6

19. State the point on the unit circle that corresponds to each real number:

(a) 17𝜋, (b) -13𝜋/2, (c) 7𝜋/2, (d) 28 𝜋

20. Determine the values of cos ϴ and tan ϴ if sin ϴ = m/n, a negative fraction.

21. Using a protractor, construct an angle of 20° in standard position. With O as center, describe an arc
of radius 10 units meeting the terminal side in P. From P drop a perpendicular to the x axis, meeting
it in A. By actual measurement, OA = 9.4, AP = 3.4, and P has coordinates (9.4, 3.4). Then find the
trigonometric functions of 20°.

22. Obtain the trigonometric functions of 50° as in Prob. 21.

23. Find the exact values of the trigonometric functions of the acute angles of the right triangle ABC,

(a) a = 3, b = 1; (b) a = 2, c = 5; (c) b = √7, c = 4

* Answers in the order sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant.

24. Which is greater?

(a) sin 55° or cos 55° (c) tan 15° or cot 15°

(b) sin 40° or cos 40° (d) sec 55° or csc 55°

25. Find the exact value of each of the following.

(a) sin 30° + tan 45°

(b) cot 45° + cos 60°

(c) sin 30° cos 60° + cos 30° sin 60°

(d) cos 30° cos 60° - sin 30° sin 60°

tan 60° –tan 30°

1 + tan 60° tan 30°

csc 30°+csc 60° + csc 90°

sec 0°+sec 30°+sec 60°

26. A man drives 500 m along a road which is inclined 20° to the horizontal. How high above his
starting point is he?
27. A tree broken over by the wind forms a right triangle with the ground. If the broken part makes an
angle of 50° with the ground and the top of the tree is now 20 ft from its base, how tall was the tree?

28. Two straight roads intersect to form an angle of 75°. Find the shortest distance from one road to a gas
station on the other road 1000 m from the junction.

29. Two buildings with flat roofs are 60 m apart. From the roof of the shorter building, 40 m in height,
the angle of elevation to the edge of the roof of the taller building is 40°. How high is the taller

30. A ladder, with its foot in the street, makes an angle of 30° with the street when its top rests on a
building on one side of the street and makes an angle of 40° with the street when its top rests on a
building on the other side of the street. If the ladder is 50 ft long, how wide is the street'?

31. Find the perimeter of an isosceles triangle whose base is 40 cm and whose base angle is 70°.

32. Find the height of a tree if the angle of elevation of its top changes from 20° to 40° as the observer
advances 75 ft toward its base.

33. A tower standing on level ground is due north of point A and due west of point B, a distance c ft
from A. If the angles of elevation of the top of the tower as measured from A and B are (𝛼 and 𝛽,
respectively, find the height h of the tower

34. From the top of a lighthouse, 120 m above the sea, the angle of depression of a boat is 15°. How far
is the boat from the lighthouse?

35. Find the length of the chord of a circle of radius 20 cm subtended by a central angle of 150°.

36. If A is acute and tan A = x/l, determine the values of the remaining functions.

37. Find the values of the trigonometric functions of the acute angle B, given tan B = 1.5.

38. If A is acute and sin A = 2x/3, determine the values of the remaining functions.


Prepared by:
R. Montesor Jr.