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building project. Upon establishing the project’s goals, Preliminary Designs and Reviews
there will be meetings with the governing agencies, such
as the planning department, the building department, The next step in the architect/client relationship is the
and architectural committees. The primary goal of the ar- architect’s presentation of the preliminary planning and
chitectural team will be to initiate the preliminary plan- design for the project. After the client’s initial review of
ning and design phases. the project’s planning and design, there may be some
In most architectural contract agreements, there are revisions and alterations to the design. In this case, the
provisions for the architect and the consulting engineers preliminary drawings are revised and presented again to
to observe construction of the project during the build- the client for his or her approval. After the approval of the
ing stage. preliminary design by the client, the architect consults
and presents the preliminary drawings to the various gov-
erning agencies for their review and comments. Any re-
Construction Observation visions and alterations that may be required by any one
When the construction firm has been selected and con- of the agencies are executed and again reviewed by the
struction has commenced, the architect and consulting client for his or her approval. In many offices the pre-
engineers, according to their agreement in the contract, liminary drawings are often used to estimate the initial
observe the various phases of construction. These peri- construction costs that will be submitted for review and
odic observations generally correspond to the con- approval by the client.
struction phases, such as during construction of the In the preliminary planning and design phase, a con-
foundation, framing, and so forth. Following their obser- ceptual site plan and floor plan of the building areas are
vations, the architect and consulting engineers provide reviewed for the building orientation and the preservation
written reports to the client and contractor describing of existing landscaping elements such as trees, topogra-
their observations, along with any recommendations or phy, and other site conditions. An example of a concep-
alterations they deem necessary for success of the project. tual site and building plan is illustrated in Figure 1.3. The

Figure 1.3 Schematic studies.