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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

1. Maximum work that could be secured by A. disorder


expanding the gas over a given pressure range B. orderly behaviour
is the __________ work. C. temperature changes only
A. isothermal D. none of these
B. adiabatic
C. isentropic 8. A chemical reaction will occur
D. none of these spontaneously at constant pressure and
temperature, if the free energy is
2. Internal energy change of a system over A. zero
one complete cycle in a cyclic process is B. positive
A. zero C. negative
B. +ve D. none of these
C. -ve
D. dependent on the path 9. Fundamental principle of refrigeration is
based on the __________ law of
3. Heating of water under atmospheric thermodynamics.
pressure is an __________ process. A. zeroth
A. isochoric B. first
B. isobaric C. second
C. adiabatic D. third
D. isothermal
10. For a spontaneous process, free energy
4. Van Laar equation deals with the activity A. is zero
co-efficients in B. increases
A. binary solutions C. decreases where as the entropy
B. ternary solutions increases
C. azeotropic mixture only D. and entropy both decrease
D. none of these
11. A refrigeration cycle is a reversed heat
5. High __________ is an undesirable engine. Which of the following has the
property for a good refrigerant. maximum value of the co-efficient of
A. specific heat performance (COP) for a given refrigeration
B. latent heat of vaporisation effect ?
C. viscosity A. Vapor compression cycle using
D. specific vapor volume expansion valve.
B. Air refrigeration cycle.
6. Solubility of a substance which dissolves C. Vapor compression cycle using
with an increase in volume and liberation of expansion engine.
heat will be favoured by the D. Carnot refrigeration cycle.
A. low pressure and high temperature.
B. low pressure and low temperature. 12. In a working refrigerator, the value of COP
C. high pressure and low temperature. is always
D. high pressure and high temperature. A. 0
B. <0
7. Entropy is a measure of the __________ of C. <1
a system. D. >1
13. __________ increases with increase in atm, containing 50 mole % each of n- heptane
pressure. and n- octane into pure compounds each at 1
A. The melting point of wax atm is
B. The boiling point of a liquid A. -2 RT ln 0.5
C. both (a) and (b) B. -RT ln 0.5
D. neither (a) nor (b) C. 0.5 RT
D. 2 RT
14. A refrigerator may be termed as a
A. heat pump 20. Keeping the pressure constant, to double
B. heat engine the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas at
C. Carnot engine 27°C, the temperature should be raised to
D. none of these __________ °C.
A. 270
15. For a stable phase at constant pressure and B. 327
temperature, the fugacity of each component C. 300
in a binary system __________ as its mole D. 540
fraction increases.
A. decreases 21. Entropy of an ideal gas depends upon its
B. increases A. pressure
C. remains same B. temperature
D. decreases linearly C. both (a) & (b)
D. neither (a) nor (b)
16. Which of the following is not an intensive
property? 22. Isobaric process means a constant
A. Chemical potential process.
B. Surface tension A. temperature
C. Heat capacity B. pressure
D. None of these C. volume
D. entropy
17. Out of the following refrigration cycles,
which one has the minimum COP (Co-efficient 23. No work is done by the system, when a
of performance)? reaction occurs at constant
A. Air cycle A. volume
B. Carnot cycle B. temperature
C. Ordinary vapour compression cycle C. pressure
D. Vapour compression with a reversible D. none of these
expansion engine
24. If the vapour pressure at two
18. Measurement of thermodynamic property temperatures of a solid phase in equilibrium
of temperature is facilitated by with its liquid phase are known, then the
__________ law of thermodynamics. latent heat of fusion can be calculated by the
A. 1st A. Maxwell's equation
B. zeroth B. Clayperon-Claussius equation
C. 3rd C. Van Laar equation
D. none of these D. Nernst Heat Theorem

19. The theoretical minimum work required to


separate one mole of a liquid mixture at 1
25. The freezing point of a liquid decreases C. no gas can be liquified above the
when the pressure is increased, if the liquid critical temperature, howsoever high
__________ while freezing. the pressure may be.
A. contracts D. the molar heat of energy of gas at
B. expands constant volume should be nearly
C. does not change in volume constant (about 3 calories).
D. either (a), (b) or (c)
31. Linde gas liquefaction process employs
26. "At the absolute zero temperature, the cooling
entropy of every perfectly crystalline A. by throttling
substance becomes zero". This follows from B. by expansion in an engine
the C. at constant pressure
A. third law of thermodynamics D. none of these
B. second law of thermodynamics
C. Nernst heat theorem 32. Pick out the wrong statement pertaining
D. Maxwell's relations to the decomposition of PCl5 represented by,
PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2.Degree of dissociation of PCl5
27. During Joule-Thomson expansion of gases will
A. enthalpy remains constant. A. decrease on addition of Cl2.
B. entropy remains constant. B. increase on addition of an inert gas at
C. temperature remains constant. constant pressure.
D. none of these. C. decrease on increasing the pressure
of the system.
28. The accentric factor of a materical, 'ω', is D. none of these
defined as ω = -log10(Prsat)Tr-1 = 0.7, where,
Prsat = reduced vapor pressure, Tr = reduced 33. Joule-Thomson experiment is
temperature. The value of accentric factor is A. isobaric
always B. adiabatic
A. >2 C. isenthalpic
B. <1 D. both (b) & (c)
C. >1
D. <3 34. Boyle's law for gases states that
A. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature is
29. Degress of freedom at triple point will be constant.
A. 0 B. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature & mass
B. 1 of the gas remain constant.
C. 2 C. P ∝ V, at constant temperature &
D. 3 mass of the gas.
D. P/V = constant, for any gas.
30. "Law of corresponding states" says that
A. Two different gases behave similarly, 35. 1st law of thermodynamics is nothing but
if their reduced properties (i.e. P, V the law of conservation of
and T) are same. A. momentum
B. the surface of separation (i. e. the B. mass
meniscus) between liquid and vapour C. energy
phase disappears at the critical D. none of these
temperature.
36. In a reversible chemical reaction (where, 41. Equilibrium constant decreases as the
Δx = number of moles of products-number of temperature
moles of reactants ) A. increases, for an exothermic
A. addition of inert gas favours the reaction.
forward reaction, when Δx is positive. B. decreases, for an exothermic reaction.
B. pressure has no effect on equilibrium, C. increases, for an endothermic
when Δn = 0. reaction.
C. addition of inert gas has no effect on D. none of these.
the equilibrium constant at constant
volume for any value of Δx (+ ve, - ve) 42. The expression, , gives
or zero). the free energy change
D. all 'a', 'b' & 'c' A. with pressure changes at constant
temperature.
37. Out of the following refrigeration cycles, B. under reversible isothermal volume
which one has maximum COP ? change.
A. Air cycle C. during heating of an ideal gas.
B. Carnot cycle D. during cooling of an ideal gas.
C. Ordinary vapor compression cycle
D. Vapor compression with a reversible 43. All gases during throttling process at
expansion engine atmospheric temperature and
pressure show a cooling effect except
38. Pick out the correct statement: A. CO2
A. In an isothermal system, irreversible B. H2
work is more than reversible work. C. O2
B. Under reversible conditions, the D. N2
adiabatic work is less than
isothermal work. 44. Compressibility factor for almost all the
C. Heat, work, enthalpy and entropy are gases are approximately same at the
all 'state functions'. same
D. Matter and energy can not be A. pressure and temperature.
exchanged with the surroundings in a B. reduced pressure and reduced
closed system. temperature.
C. critical pressure and critical
39. In any spontaneous process, temperature.
A. only F decreases D. none of these.
B. only A decreases
C. both F and A decreases 45. Pick out the wrong statement.
D. both F and A increase A. Activity co-efficient is dimensionless.
B. In case of an ideal gas, the fagacity is
40. Which of the following is a thermodynamic equal to its pressure.
property of a system ? C. In a mixture of ideal gases, the
A. Concentration fugacity of a component is equal to
B. Mass the partial pressure of the
C. Temperature component.
D. Entropy D. The fugacity co-efficient is zero for an
ideal gas.
46. The co-efficient of performance (COP) of a C. Otto engine efficiency decreases with
refrigerating system, which is its index the rise in compression ratio, due to
of performance, is defined as the ratio decrease in work produced per
of useful refrigeration to the net quantity of heat.
work. The units of __________ and D. Diesel engine normally operates at
COP are the same. lower compression ratio than an Otto
A. kinematic viscosity
engine for an equal output of work.
B. work
C. temperature
D. none of these

47. The chemical potential of a component


(μi) of a phase is the amount by which
its capacity for doing all work, barring
work of expansion is increased per
unit amount of sustance added for an
infinitesimal addition at constant
temperature and pressure. It is given
by

A.

B.

C.

D. all (a), (b) and (c)

48. In jet refrigerators, the refrigerating fluid


is practically always
A. water
B. ammonia
C. freon
D. brine

49. Water on heating from 1 to 4°C


A. contracts
B. expands
C. has same volume
D. may contract or expand

50. Pick out the correct statement.


A. Compression ratio of an Otto engine
is comparatively higher than a diesel
engine.
B. Efficiency of an Otto engine is higher
than that of a diesel engine for the
same compression ratio.