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READING COMPREHENSION (Number 161–180)

Read the passage carefully and select the one correct answer from the four choices (A, B, C or D)

Reading 1 for question number 161–166

Line Every animal is a living radiator. Heat formed in its cell is given off through its skin. Warm-blooded
animals maintain a steady temperature by constantly replacing lost surface heat; smaller animals, which
have more skin for every ounce of body weight, must produce heat faster then bigger ones. Because
smaller animals burn fuel faster, scientists say they live faster.
5 The speed at which an animal lives is determined by measuring the rate at which it uses oxygen. A
chicken, for example, uses one-half cubic centimeter of oxygen every hour for each gram it weighs.
Because it uses oxygen eight times as fast, it is said that the mouselike shrew is living eight times as fast
as the chicken. The smallest of the warm-blooded creatures, the humming bird, lives a hundred times as
fast as an elephant.
10 There is a limit to how small a warm blooded animal can be. A mammal or bird that weighed only
two and a half grams would starve to death. It would burn up its food too rapidly and would not be able
to eat fast enough to supply more fuel. (Problem Set Nurul Fikri)

41. From the passage we can infer that … 44. According to the passage, all of the following
A. There is no limit as to how large a warm- are true about the animals, EXCEPT …
blooded animal can be A. The weigh of an animal is equal in
B. Small animals have less skin for their body proportion to its speed of living
weight than large ones B. The living speed of animal is determined by
C. The hummingbird weighs two and a half measuring the rate of oxygen used
grams C. Warm-blooded animals are living radiator
D. The hummingbird lives faster than any D. Elephant live faster than chicken
other warm-blooded creature
45. Which one is the main topic of the passage?
42. ‘..Because it uses oxygen eight times as fast..’ A. Speed at which animal lives is determined
(paragraph 2). The pronoun “it” refers to … by measuring the rate it uses oxygen
A. A chicken B. There is a limit to how small a warm
B. a mouselike shrew blooded animal can be
C. an animal C. Every animal is a living radiator
D. a hummingbird D. Smaller animals burn fuel faster so they
live faster
43. The phrase ‘given off’ in line 1 can easily be
replaced by … 46. Warm-blooded animals maintain a steady
A. maintained B. produced temperature by …
B. determined D. got out A. storing heat in their body cells
B. regulating the amount of heat produced
C. constantly replacing lost surface heat
D. burning the fuel produced by the cell

Reading 2 For question number 166–173

Line The Hollywood sign, the hills that line the northern border of Los Angeles is a famous landmark
recognized the world over. The white-painted, 50-foot-high, sheet metal letters can be seen from great
distances across the Los Angeles basin. The sign was not constructed, as one might suppose,by the movie
business as a means of celebrating the importance of Hollywood to this industry; instead, it was
5 first constructed in 1923 as a means of advertising homes for sale in 500-acre housing subdivision in a part
of Los Angeles called Hollywoodland. The sign that was constructed at the time, of course, said
Hollywoodland. Over the years, people began referring to the area by the shortened version Hollywood,
and after the sign and its site were donated to the city in 1945, the last four letters were removed.
The sign suffered from years of disrepair, in 1973 it needed to be completely replaced, at a cost of
10 $27.700 per letter. Various celebrities were instrumental in helping to raise needed funds. Rock star Alice
Cooper, for example, bought an ‘O’ in memory of Groucho Marx, and Hugh Hefner of Playboy fame held a
benefit party to raise the money for ‘Y’. The construction of the new sign was finally completed in 1978.

47. It can be inferred that most people think that D. the city of Los Angeles
the Hollywood sign was first constructed by …
A. a construction company
B. the movie industry
C. an advertising company
48. The pronoun ‘it’ in line 4 refers to … 51. How much did it cost to replace the sign?
A. The importance of Hollywood A. $27.700 C. $249.300
B. The movie business B. $55.400 D. $360.100
C. The sign
D. The industry 52. What is the topic of the passage?
A. World landmark
49. The expression ‘the world over’ in line 2 could B. A famous city
be best replaced by … C. A famous sign
A. in the entire world D. Hollywood versus Hollywoodland
B. on the top of the world
C. in the northern parts of the world 53. Where in the passage does the author tell the
D. in the sky material of the letters?
A. Lines 2-3 C. Lines 6-7
50. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about B. Lines 4-5 D. Lines 9-10
Hollywoodland?
A. There were houses for sale there
B. It was formerly the name on the sign in the
hills
C. It used to be a name of an area in Los
Angeles
D. It was the most expensive area of Los
Angeles

Reading 3 For question number 174 – 180

Line You might think enormous wealth guarantees instant notoriety. It does not. Some of the world’s
richest people manage to stay below the detection of the public despite being worth billions. We are not
talking about being famous and reclusive. We are talking about being flat-out unknown among the
masses. Sure, most people know of billionaires like corporate financier Carl Icahn, Hong Kong business
5 magnate Li Kashing and Italian media mogul and former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. But what of
Sussane Klatten? Or Birgit Rausing? Or John Sall? They have the kind of money the rest of us can only
dream of. And yet here’s betting that you’ve never heard of them, even if you’re familiar with the
companies or products that made them wealthy.
Sall, worth $4.4 billion when Forbes last valued his fortune in September 2007 as part of our annual
10 Forbes 400 rankings, co-founded privately held software giant SAS, where he remains executive vice
president. Klatten is a member of Germany’s Quandt family, which owns a controlling stake in auto maker
BMW. She also owns 50% of German chemical company Altana. Forbes last estimated her fortune in March
at $9.6 billion as part of our annual billionaire rankings—although that was before she received half of the
proceeds from Altana’s $6 billion sale of its pharmaceutical
15 business to Nycomed last year. And Rausing? She and her three children have a combine fortune of about
$11 billion after inheriting ownership of packaging giant Tetra Laval. Never heard of Tetra? Ever slurp
down refreshment from juice box? That’s them.
Sitting through the names of obscure billionaires can invite some surprises. For example, take the
case of Peter Buck. No, not the guitarist from R.E.M. This Peter Bucklent a family friend $1.000 in 1965 to
20 start a sandwich shop. Today, the result is Subway Restaurants. You’d think that being a co-founder of a
fast-food giant would gain you some name recognition. But it’s probably safe to say that few people not
named Jared have ever heard of Buck. Much of the same could be said about Bradley Hughes. No, not the
PGA golfer from Australia. Like Buck, Hughes started a business that you’ve probably heard of. It has 2100
locations in 38 states. If you are an incurable pack rat, you might be a
25 customer. Give up? Hughes is the founder and chairman of Public Storage (NYSE: PSA-news-people). Then
there’s copper-mining magnate Vladimir Kim, who cuts an unlikely figure on a lot of different levels. The
guy’s worth a cool $5.5 billion, making him the richest person in the post-soviet republics outside Russia.
He is also a lot wealthier than Silicon Valley billionaires Meg Whitman, Jerry Yang, and John Doerr, despite
the presumed geographic disadvantage of hailing from Kazakhstan. And Kim is the richest ethnic Korean
30 in the planet, with the fortune that far surpasses even that of Samsung Group Chairman Lee Kun-Hee.
(Louis Hau, 01.22.08, 2:30 PM ET. Available at http://www.forbes.com/business/2008)
54. It can be inferred that Forbes is … 58. The richest person based on his/her wealth
A. A name of the richest people mentioned in Forbes is …
B. A board which examines people’s wealth A. John Sall C. Jerry Yang
C. A well-known financial institute in America B. Sussane Klatten D. Vladimir Kim
D. A magazine/website that ranks billionaires
in the world 59. What is true about Vladimir Kim?
A. He owns Silicon Valley
55. The word “its” in line 14 refers to … B. He is a bureaucrat of Soviet Republic
A. Klatten C. Nycomed C. He owns business on copper-mining
B. Altana D. Tetra laval D. He is the founder and chairman of Public
Storage
56. The word “notoriety” in line 1 is closest in
meaning to … 60. Which sentence best describe the main idea of
A. fame C. success the passage?
B. fortune D. B A. Billionaires can be dragged into public
spotlight
57. The phrase ‘slurp down’ in line 17 is closest in B. Some billionaires are virtually unnoticed by
meaning to … the rest of the world
A. Snuff carelessly C. Eat sluttishly C. Billionaires are famous with their products
B. Swim quickly D. Sip noisily and companies
D. Billionaires are all famous and reclusive

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