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# MATHS

1. Put   A, 2  B, 4  c
 A  B  C  7  2

  tan A tan B 
 sin A sin B cos C
cos A cos B cos C
But cos  A  B  C   cos A cos B cos C   sin A sin B cos C
 sin A sin B sin C  cos A cos B cos C  cos 2
cos A cos B cos C  1 1
  tan A tan B  1
cos A cos B cos C cos A cos B cos C
1 1
 1  1
2 4 8  2 
cos cos cos sin 23  
7 7 7  7 
2
23 sin
7
=1-8=-7
2. z 3   3  i  z 2  3z   m  i   0
z 3
 3 z 2  3 z  m   i  z 2  1  0
If z is a real root, then
z 3  3 z 2  3 z  m  0 and z 2  1  0
 z  1
z 1 m 1
z  1  m  5

cos 2 x
3. 2 4
 sin 6 x   cot x cos ec x dx
  cot 2 x 1  cot 2 x  cos ec 2 x dx
Put t  cot x
 I   t 2 1  t 2   1 dt
 t5 t3 
    k
5 3
1 1
A  , B  
5 3
8
A B  
15

2ac b 2c
4. b  
ac a ac
b  a 3c  a
 
ba ca
Similarly b  2a  b  c  3a  c
c ac bc ac
b  a b  c 3a  c   3c  a  2  a  c 
    2
ba bc ac a c
x
5. f  x   x 2   e  t f  x  t  dt
0
x
  x t 
 x2   e f  t  dt
0
x
 x 2  e  x  et f  t  dt
0
x
 e x f  x   x 2 e x   et f  t  dt
0

## Differentiating both sides w.r.t x

e x f  x   e x f 1  x   2 xe x  x2e x  ex f  x 
 f 1  x   2 x  x2
x3
 f  x   x2  c
3
f  0  0  c  0
x3
 f  x   x2 
3
9
9.10.19 81.100
 f k     960
k 1 6 12

6. Multiply by y,z and x in rows 1,2 and 3 respectively and then take common y, z
and x from
column 1,2 and 3 respectively, then
3 3 3
y 1 y y
3 3 3
z z 1 z  11
3 3 3
x x x 1
3
1 0 y
3
 1 1 z  11 C1  C1  C2 and C2  C2  C3 
3
0 1 x  1

 1 x 1 z
3 3
  y 1  11  x  y  z  10
3 3 3 3

## 7. Any tangent to the parabola 2

y  4x at  t ,2t  is
2

2
yt  x  t
If it passes through the centre (2,3) of the circle, then
2
t  3t  2  0
 t  1,2
 The point can be (1,2) or (4,4)
8. Sum of the coefficients of the terms not containing c is 38
and of the term not containing b and c both is 28, so required sum = 38 - 28 .

## 10. We have tn = Sn – Sn-1 n  2

 t n  1  2  n3   n  13   9  n 2   n  12   13  n  n  1 
6
1
= 6n 2  6n  2  9  2n  1  13
6
1 2

6
 6n 2  12n  6    n  1
n n
  t r    r  1  1  n  1 n  2   1  1 n  n  3
r 1 r 1 2 2
11. The curves given by y = x + sin x and y = f1(x) are images of each other in the
line y = x.

Hence required area =    x  sin x   x  dx   cos x 0  2
0
2 2 2
12. Clearly x + y = a and y(/4) = a / 2 , x(/4) = a / 2 . Differentiating we get,
2x + 2yy1 = 0  y1 =  x , so y1   / 4   1 .
y
Now x + yy1 = 0 1  y12  yy 2  0
2
1   y1   / 4   2 2
 y2   / 4    
y   / 4 a

f ( x  h)  f ( x )
f ( x)  lim
h 0 h
f (2 x)  f (2h)
 f ( x)
13. = lim 2
h0 h
f ( x)  1 ; f (2 x)  2 f ( x) -1
 f ( x)  1  x

x 1 x 1
14.  x   0,1 2
 0; 3  0 & 2
. 3 1
1 x x 1 x x
 x 1 
  3 
x 1 2
1   1  3
 tan 1  tan 1 3    tan 1  1  x x
    tan   
1  x2 x  1 x 1
. 3   x  4
2
 1 x x 
 x  1 not possible 

2y dy y2 1 1
15. 2
  
dx 1  y 2 x x 3
1  y2 
y2 2y dy dt
Put t 
1 y 2
1  y  2 2 dx dx
dt t 1
   3
dx x x
1
 t  x   2 dx  c
x
 x 2 y 2   cx  1 1  y 2  .
2sin x cos x
16. 2sin 2 x  n
2
sin 2x  2cos 2x  2n  2
 5  2n  2  5
5 5
 1  n 1
2 2
 tan x 
17. lim  f  x    lim  1
x 0 x 0  x  
1 1
  
lim  f (x)   x 2 f (x) = lim 1  x 2 f (x ) 1 form
x0 x 0
  
x3 2 5
x  x . . .
tan x 3 15
Again, f(x) = 
x x
2
= 1 x  2 x4 . . .
3 15
2
x 2
 f (x)   x 4  . . .
3 15
(i) becomes,
x2
lim
 2 1  x 0 2
x 2 4
lim x   x  ...
log e  e
x0  f (x)  e 3 15 3
 
 
18. 2ae = SS1 = 1
p1 p2 = b2, where p1& p2 are the length of perpendicular from S & S1 to the
tangent
5 4 41
.  b 2  b 2  10  b 2  10  a 2  e 2 a 2  a 2 
2 2 4
     
19. Vector perpendicular to a and lie on the plane of a & b is parallel to  a  b   a
   
   
 a.a b  b.a a  9  j  k   3  2i  j  2k   3  2i  2 j  k 

a
cos  a  x  a
cos x
I   ln dx   ln dx
0
sin a.cos x 0
sin a cos  a  x 
20. a a
1
adding 2I   ln dx   2 ln sin a dx   2 a ln sin a
0
sin 2 a 0

## 21. Three non parallel lines are concurrent if 0

k 2 2
2 k 3  0  k  2,3, 5 But for k= 2, first two lines are parallel
3 3 k
22. Let E1 = P1 win the tournament, E2 = P2 reaches the semifinal since all players are
15
equally skilled and there are 4 persons in the semifinal P  E2   16 C3 
4 1

C4 16 4
E1  E2 = P1& P2 both are in semifinal and P1 wins in semifinal and final
16  2
C2 1 1 3 1
P  E1  E2   16
. .  
C4 2 2 16.15 80
P  E1  E2  1/ 80 1
P  E1 / E2    
P  E2  1/ 4 20

2
 a  c  . b  c   0  a.b  c. a  b   c  0
23.    
 a  b .c  1   a  b  .  a   b    a  b   1      1
    1, a.b  0  a, b , a  b are mutually perpendicular
2
c  1        1     1   2   2  1
2 2 2

n   
24. At x = n, f  n   sin 
n 1  n 1
f n

 
n 1 
 
f n 
n
sin
n
 f(x) is discontinuous at all integral points.

## 25. N   f i  1  nC1  nC2  ........  nCn  2 n

fx i i  1 0  nC1 1  nC2  2  .......  nCn  n
 n  n  1C0  n  1C1  ......n  1Cn1 
 n.2n1
A.M 
fx i i

n.2 n 1 n

N 2n 2
1 2 1
26. S .D 
N
 f  x  x  and
i i M .D 
N
 fi xi  x let xi  x  yi
2
2 1 2 1 
S.D  M .D   fi yi2    f i yi 
N N 
   y  0
2

 S .D  M .D

27.
P q p q p  q  pq  p  q     p  q 
T T F F F T F
T F F T T F F
F T T F F T F
F F T T F T F
28. let O be origin and axes parallel to edges. Coordinates of A, B, C are A(a, -b, -c)
B(a, b, c) c(-a, b, -c)
Hence cos  cos  cos

a 2
 b 2  c 2    a 2  b 2  c 2    a 2  b 2  c 2 
a 2  b2  c 2

=-1
29. a b  5 means a  b  0 or 1  a  b  5 a  b  0 ab which is possible in 10
ways. Let x, y, z represent, numbers before, in between and after a and b then
x+y+z=8, 0  y  4 and x, z  0
2
= coefficient of x8 in 1  x  ......x8  1  x  ......x 
4

= 35
a, b, can be in any order
Total ways =2x35+10=80.
30. conceptual

PHYSICS
34. VP ,CD  2 r2  r1 

VCD , AB  1r1 r2  r1 
  
VP , AB  VP ,CD  VCD , AB  2 r2  r1   1r1

## Angular velocity of P about AB,

VP , AB 2  r2  r1   1  r1 
 P , AB  
r2 r2

1
35. When deflection is reduced by , it means range of the ammeter becomes x times
x

## the full scale deflection current of galvanometer

 5 I g 5  I g  G

 G  25

figure.

 x1  25I g

 x  25I g

## So, I  I g 1 5  25  31I g

36. Wire abc can be replaced by a straight wire ac for the computation of force.
   
Length of ac can be written as, l  rC  rA  0.5  ˆj  kˆ 
 
  
Required force,  
F  I l  B  0.6iˆ .
Q
37. Electric field in between the capacitor plates is given by E  , where Q is the
0 A

## charge on capacitor. Q  0 A E  8.851012  25107 175  3.871015 C

Magnetic force experienced by +ve plate is, Fm  QvB  1.451013 N in a direction
out of plane of paper.
38. For solid sphere of radius R1
R1 R1
0
q1   4r 2 dr    4r 2 dr
0 0
r

R12
q1  4 0
2

q2  4 R22

q1  q2  0

R120
4  4 R22  0
2

 R 
2
 1   2
 R  0
2

39. When the colliding electron remove an electron from innermost K-shell
(corresponding to n = 1) of atom and electron from some higher shell jumps to K-
shell to fill up this vacancy, characteristic X-ray of K-series are obtained

 K and K X-ray are emitted when there is transition of electron between the
levels n  2 to n  1 and n  3 to n  1 respectively.
40. At resonance both bulbs will glow with same brightness. At resonance, X L  X C
1
Or 2 fL 
2 fC

1
Or f 
2 LC
41. As inductance L2 was wound using the similar wire but the direction of winding is
reversed, so flux through L2 is zero.
 L2    0

Also, L1  L3

Therefore, L1  L3 , L2  0

42. Angular fringe width is the ratio of fringe width to distance (D) of screen from the
source ie,


D

As D is taken large, hence angular fringe width of the central maximum will
decrease.
43. h  G x Ly E z
x y z
 M 1 L2T 1    M 1 L3T 2   M 1 L2T 1   M 1 L2T 2 

x y z
 M 1 L2T 1   k  M 1 L3T 2   M 1 L2T 1   M 1 L2T 2 

## Comparing the powers, we get

x0

44. In equilibrium position net force acting on the object (block of mass m) is zero.
Let spring of spring constant k1 is stretched by x1 and spring of spring constant k2
is stretched by x2 , then free body diagram of the block is as shown in the figure.

## Now, x1  x2  20 cm and k1x1  k2 x2

 x1  15 cm and x2  5 cm
So, new equilibrium position is at x   20  15  cm from P1 , and the time period of
m 0.1 
oscillation of block is given by T  2  2  s.
k1  k2 4000 100

GM
45. v
r
GMm
Total energy of satellite, TE    E
2r

So, the energy given to satellite to escape it from gravity influence of earth is E,
so that its total energy would becomes zero.
So, change in KE, E  E

mv 2f 4E 2E
So, 2E   vf  and v
2 m m

So, v  v f  v   
2 1 v

46.  a  x 2 ,  vdv  x 2 dx

 KE  x 3

48. Given graph is V-p curve, as in given graph cycle is anti-clockwise, wo in p-V
curve cycle would be clockwise and hence work is done by the system against the
surrounding.
From 1st law of thermodynamics, Q  dU  W

## i.e., net heat is taken by system.

53. As Fext  0 and initially the centre of mass is at rest, so it remains at rest and its
location won’t change as the time passes.

xcm 

m 35 3  4   4 1 / 3
3m

ycm  6  1/ 3 .

54. Let mi be the amount of water that gets freezed out of M g of water at 0C due to
evaporation.
Now, mi  80   M  mi  580
mi 580
   0.878
M 660

## So, maximum % = 87.8% = 88%

55. tan    [Brewster’s law]
sin 
 [Snell’s law]
sin r

  r
2

## So, required angle,

      r  
2

56. As the lens rotates by  , the OA also rotates by  as shown in figure. Primed
letters in figure are corresponding to rotated position of lens.
The object distance along the OA in rotated position of lens is u '  2 f cos  .

## From lens formula,

1 1 1
 
v ' 2 f cos  f

2 f cos 
 v'  as  is small so v ' comes out to be +ve.
2 f cos   1

## So, the image distance along initial OA is.

2f
v  v 'sec  
2 cos   1
dv 2f
Velocity of image is,    2 sin  
dt  2 cos   12

Where   t
 
For   2  rad ,   and cos  1
90 90

4 f
vimage  90   4 f  m / s along BA.
2
 2  1 90

## 58. Let us consider the section of the wire of width dx at a distance x.

T
The velocity of this position is, V 
kx 2

dx T

dt kx 2

L t T
 x dx   dt
0 0 k

L2 T
  t
2 k

k L2
 t 
T 2

59. Intensity at a distance r from the isotropic point source of sound having power P
is given by
P
I
4 r 2
I  P 
SL  10 log  10 log 2
 log I 0 
I0  4 r 

##  10  log P  log 4  log I 0   20 log r

 a  b log r

V l b h
60.   
V l b h
0.1 0.1 0.1
  
10 20 5
0.7

20
V 0.7
Percentage  100  3.5%
V 20
CHEMISTRY
2
61.  PtCl4  is dsp 2 and square planar

## 62. Li  is highly hydrated

63. BF3 due to strong back bonding does not undergo complete hydrolysis.
64.
O O

P P
HO O OH
OH OH

65.

hot HI CH 3  CH  CH 2  CH 2  CH 2  I
KOH / EtOH CH 3  CH  CH  CH  CH 2
O
I

## 66. Anhydrous FeCl3 can be prepared as:

1) 2 Fe  3Cl2 dry 

 2 FeCl3

2) FeCl3 .6 H 2O  6SOCl2   FeCl3 12HCl  6SO2

67.

H 2 / Pt

(Chiral)
(Achiral)

O3 / H 2O2

COOH

COOH

(Chiral)

rc
68. For octahedral void  0.414
ra

rc  0 .414  ra
 0.414
4
2

 400 pm  4ra  2a 
 58.54 pm

d  58.54 2  117.16 pm

## 69. w  Pext V2 V1 

T T 
 nR  2  1   2 R T2  30 ---- (1)
 P2 P1 

w  U  q  0

##  T2  232.5 K ---- (2)

From (1) and (2)
 w  405 R

70. 
MnO2  2 KOH  KNO3   K 2 MnO4  green  KNO2  H 2O

71.

O OH

O O 
H 3O
 CH 3  C  H  CH 3  C  CH 2  CH 2  OH

CH 2COOH
CH 2COOH
H 3O 

OH

72. Basic nature p-toulidine > m- toulidine > o- toulidine (due to ortho effect)
73. A g  
 2B g  C  g

90 0 0 (t = 0 min)
90-x 2x x (t = 10 min)
Total pressure after 10 minutes ; P  90  2 x  180
 x  45 mm

1  P  1 90
k  ln  0   ln  0.0693 min1  1.5103 sec 1
t  P0  x  10 45

M 2  M1 190 106
74. nOCH3   2
42 42

75. PCC
F2CH 3  CH 2  CH 2  OH  NH 2 CONHNH 2
 CH 3  CH 2  CHO  
 Positive tollen ' s test 
CH 3  CH 2  CH  N  NH  CO  NH 2

76.
NH 2 NH 2 F
N 2 BF4
Br Br Br
Br Br Br

Br2 / H 2 O
 1 NaNO2  HCl
  
2 HBF4

Br Br Br

77. Anomers differ at hemi acetal or acetal carbon but epimers differ at any one of the
other stereogenic centre.
H  
2
 
log 
0.06
78. EE  0

 Ag  
2
2
 

1 1
0.62  0.8  0.06 log  log  3   Ag    103 mol / L
 Ag 
  Ag  
   

##  mass of Ag  in 100 ml  108104 g

% of Ag = 1.
PA0 x A 440 / 5
79. yA    0.478
PA xA  PB xB 440 / 5  120 4
0 0

5
Ni s
80. (a) Vegetable oil   solid fat (heterogeneous)
Fe s
(b) N 2  g   3H 2  g 

 2 NH 3
 (heterogeneous)
NO2  g 
(c) 2SO2  g   O2  g  

 2SO3 (homogeneous)
V2 O5  s
(d) 2SO2  g   O2  g 
 2SO3
 (heterogeneous)

## 81. Cu2 S  2Cu2O 

 6Cu  SO2 
82. More 0 more is the frequency of absorption and less is its wavelength.
83. Platinum tetra coordinated complexes are square planar and do not show optical
isomerism.
84. Nylon-66 is a fibres polymer.
85. Conceptual
86. qv  ms T  11.23 6.12  7.53 kJ

##  molar heat  7.5380  602 kJ / mol

10
 Ag    sp  1.810  1.8109
K
87.      0.1
Cl 

 Pb 2  
K sp 1.7 105
    1.7 103
Cl   2 0.1
2

 

## ‘b’ represents size of gas molecule He  H 2  O2  CO2

h 6.6261034
89.  x .P  h / 4  V   31 10
 5.7910 6 m / s
4m  x 43.14 9.1110  0.110

## 90. (a) NO is cause of photochemical smog.

(b) Classical smog is reducing smog.
(c) Photochemical smog occurs in dry & sunny climate where as classical smog
occurs in cool humid climate.
(d) O3 is produced and consumed during formation of smog.