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Cornell University Library
LT101 .C73 1887
The Orbis pictus of John Amos Comenius,

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indeed. SYRACUSE. vi. Copyright. 1887. W. 182. by C. Bardeen.- ENCYCLOPiBDlA BrITANNICA. gTH EDITION. . N. the first children's picture book. Y. THE ORBIS PICTUS OF John Amos Comenius. 1887. W.: C. This work is. PUBLISHER. BARDEEN.

was indeed agreed withal. Johannes Amos Commenius. II. by one Mr. and illuminate their Colledge and country. to come over to New Eng- land. the fame of whose worth has been trumpetted as far as more than three languages ^whereof everyone is indebted unto his Janua^ could carry it. But the solicita- tions of the Swedish Ambassador diverting him another way. ^ It may not be generally that Comenius was once known solicited to become President Harvard College. Payne. p. — d)h''^. in the quality of a President. 14. which was now become vacant. f^drryt^ y 6 /i/qco . of Cotton Mather's MagnaliA: "That brave old man. p. that incomparable Moravian became not an American." This was on the resignation of President Dunster. 1886. Winthrop in his travels through the low countries. Compayre's History of Education. in 1654 Note of Prof. The follow- of ing is a quotation from Vol. 125. Boston.

43. 2.^ a picture of an eye. I.. published in Vienna in 1779. In an edition I have. the wonder is. I. Then as the old copper-plates became indistinct they were replaced by wood-engravings. this cut is omitted alto- gether.45. 92-122. 36. of coarse execution. Von Raumer complains that the edition ot 1 7 5 5 substitutes for the original cut of the Soul. Many as have been the editions. : Editor's Preface. 68. S8. 124. and yet has been for many years unattaina- ble on account of its rarity. and indeed there are but 82 in place of the 157 found in earlier editions. 75. 78-80. II. ('No. but that it was the first picture-book ever made for children and was for a century the most popular text-book in Europe. 76. and adds that it is difiBcult to recognize in this an expressive psycholog- ical symbol. <56. When it is remembered that this work is not only .an educational classic of prime importance. being omitted 1. 126. But the difHculty has been to find a •satisfactory copy. I. 128. and to explain it. the alphabet. 87. as num- bered in this edition. not that it is reproduced now but that it has not been repro- duced before. the following. few copies have been preserved. and often of changed treatment. as here given. and in a table the figures I. It was a book chil- dren were fond of and wore out in turning the leaves •over and over to see the pictures. II. (iii) . 43. 130-141.

IV THE ORBIS PICTUS. I thought best not to per- mit them to be retouched. practically as in this edition. recentiores enim defendunt motum terrae circa solem " [as the ancients used to think. the Vienna edition contains a curious additional cut. The cuts have been reproduced with great care by the photographic process. in medio stantem " interpolates taiur. Payne has copied. is from Designat Figuras rerum in the original. 103 in this edition. The cut is the representa- tive of No. but what liberties have been taken with with the de- sign. The text for the English translation is from the English edi- tion of 1727. the Heaven. after the statement of Conienius. 4. In this edition the cuts are unusually clear copies- of the copper-plates of the first edition of 1658. however. 127^. On the other hand. but puts another cut under it in which the earth is revolving about the sun . .] Two specimen pages from another edition are in- serted in Payne's Compayr6's History of Education ('between pp. to Figuram rerum designat. from which we have also taken the Latin text. but those who com- pare them will see not only how much coarser is the execution of the wood-cut Prof. in which for the first time the English words were so arranged as to stand opposite their Latin equivalents. The only change in the Latin text. for later authorities hold that the motion of the earth is about the sun. "Caelum ro- and ambit terram. preferring occasional in- distinctness to modern tampering with the originals that would make them less authentic. It gives No. et : " prout veteres crediderunt. 126.

I hope subsequently to print as a companion volume the Vestibulum and y^anua of the same author. The typography suggests rather than imi- tates the quaintness of the original. Sept. Bardeen. EDITOR S PREFACE. 28. my aim has been to put within the reach In short -ofteachers at a moderate price a satisfactory repro- duction of this important book. except in rare instances where substitu- tions have been made for single words not now per- missible. 1887. and if the sale of the Orbis Pictus seems to warrantit. Syracuse. W. V The English text is unchanged from that of the 1727 edition. . and the paper was carefully selected to produce so far as practica- ble the impression of the old hand-presses. C. of which I have choice copies.

and survived a multitude of imitations. to be a text-book of the German schools. Corrected and amended by later editors. — — Comments upon the Orbis Pictus. p. in being illustrated with pictures. and wrote. p. which has passed through a great many editions. N. published in 1657. among other works. his celebrated Orbis Pic- tus. books. however. 129. being intended as a kind of element- ary encyclopaedia but it differed from all previous text- .. N. by Philobib- Lius. i860. on copper and wood. The text was much the same with the Janua. History and Progress of Education. if Comenius had not carried out his- (vi) . of the various topics discussed in it. and a still shorter with learners. have had but a. In those portions of Germany where the schools had been broken up by the " Thirty years' war. The most eminent educator of the seventeenth cen- tury.. Y.. " short-lived popularity with teachers. Smith's History of Education. 210." mothers taught their chil- dren from its pages. 1842. enjoyed a still higher renown. Y. therefore. it continued for nearly two hundred years. During four years he here prosecuted his efforts in behalf of education with commendable success. The Janua " would. This book was universally popular. was John Amos Comenius His- Orbis Sensualium Pictus.

Any one who attempts to inculcate this great reform will find that its first principles are con- tained in the writings of Comenius. and this was reprinted in America in 18 iz. 674. how it takes so long to lay a foundation that there is no time to lay a building upon it. I hope. Encyclopae- dia Britannica." a book which proved a favorite with young and old. p. vii. we must conclude that it is in the acceptance and development of this principle that the improvement of education will in the future consist. the work has great historical interest. was wanting in the technical skill which is now commonly displayed even in the cheapest publications. which will. secure for it another English edition. — COMMENTS UPON THE ORBIS PICTUS. 1868. 79. When we consider how much time is spent over new languages. vii principle of appealing to the senses. what waste of energy is lavished on mere preparation. Syracuse edition. This was the first il- . and called in the artist. The first edition of this celebrated book was pub- lished at Nuremberg in 1657. hand in hand. But the principle on which he most insisted is that the teaching of words and things must go to- gether. soon after a transla- tion was made into English by Charles Hoole. gth edition. Quick's Edu- cational Reformers. of course. The artist. and maintained its ground in many a school for more than a century I am sorry I cannot give a speci- men of this celebrated book with its quaint pictures. As a picture of the life and manners of the seventeeth century. The last English edition appeared in 1777. but this renders his deline- ations none the less entertaining. The result was the " Orbis Pictus.

and that they have never stooped to avail themselves of its treasures.' — Short History of Education. p. 1882. which were char- acterized by surprising literary activity. the " Janua " lated into most European and some of the Oriental languages. Brown- ing's Introduction to the History of Educational Theories. Boston. Payne's translation. Of and the "Orbis" were trans- these." the first practical application of the intuitive method. Syra- cuse.and has served as a model for the innumerable illustratedbooks which for three centuries have in- vaded the schools. During this short period he produced no less than fifteen different works. were then not unknown to earliest teachers. lustrated school-book. It is evident that these practices of Co- menius contain the germs of things afterwards con- nected with the names of Pestalozzi and Stow. He remained at Patak four years. Payne. Gill's Systems of Education. H. The more we reflect on the method of Comenius. p. had an extraordinary suc- cess. The " Orbis Pictus. New York edition. the most famous ot all his writings. among them his "World Illustrated" (Orbis Pictus). p. —— — Vlll THE ORBIS PICTUS. 1876. 13. 67. It also may be safely assumed that many methods that are now in practical use. and was the first attempt at^ what now passes under the name of "object lessons. 1881. . the more we shall see it is replete with suggestive- ness. and fifty years. London. 1886. W. 103. and we shall feel surprised that so much wis- dom can have Iain in the path of schoolmasters for two hundred. Compayre's History of Peda- gogy. 127. p.

Here Comenius wrote. Redolfi's French translation. For such a one he car- ried it to Michael Endter. si. N. his second celebrated work the " Orbis Pictus. pour les choses modernes. si. in 1659. Z06. IX It admirably applied the principle that words and things should be learned together The " World Illustrated " had an enormous circulation. 1880. Endter had published a second enlarged edition. able to finish it in Hungary for want of a skilful engraver on copper. the bookseller at Nurem- berg. Or.. fort defectueux. souvent pires. p. qui fit faire un grand progres h la pedagogie et ser- vit longtemps de livre d' ecole utile et de modele a d' innomorables livres d' images. au point de vue de la science de nos jours. but the engraving delayed the publication of the book for three years more. Painter's History of Education. pour son temps. among others. HiSTORIE D' education. un eflFort exager6 pour 1' integrite de la conception de 1' enfant a cr66. however. Karl Von ." He was not. is shown by the fact that within two years. 178. With what great approbation the work was received at its first appearance. In 1657 Comenius expressed the hope that it would appear during the next autumn. le contenu du tout parait . enfin. and re- mained for a long time the most popular text-book in Europe. trop de denominations latines qui parais- sent douteuses. p. Paris.Y. FREDERICK DiTTES. 1' Orhis pictus 6tait pourtant. 1886. — — — COMMENTS UPON THE ORBIS PICTUS. une oeuvre trfis originale et tr^s spirituelle. si ce livre n'est qu'un equivalentde la veri- table intuition ensuite.

" and. . 185. The " Janua" had an enormous sale. Raumer. Laurie's John Amos Comenius. V. for some time it was the most popular text-book in Europe. Boston edition. — X THE ORBIS PICTUS. translated in Barnard's Journal of Educa- tion. and deservedly so. indeed. but the editions and sale many of the "Orbis Pictus" far exceeded those of the " Janua. 260. p. and was pub- lished in languages.

being one of his last Essays and the most suitable to Chil- . A WORLD: Nomenclature. London. WRITTEN By the Author in Latin and High Dutch. . and the English made to answer Word for Word to the Latin. Sprint. and Pictures OF ALL THE Chief Things that are in the World. drens Capacity of any he hath hitherto made. and of Mens Employments therein. PlCTURA & NOMENCLATURA. Nihil est in intellectu. & in Vita Actionum. M. JoH. Arist. 1728. and sold by ^ohn and £enj. The Eleventh Edition Corrected. A. Translated into English By Charles Hoole. JoH. quodnonpriusfuitin sensu. Amos Comenii Orbis Sensualiutn Pictus: HOC EST Omnium principalium in Mundo Rerum. at the £ell in Little Britain. For the Use of Young Latin Scholars. In above 150 Copper Cuts. Amos Comenius's VISIBLE OR. Printed for.

Gen. pacis & tranquilitatis. ii. ut videret quomodo vocaret ilia. 20. Comenii opera Didactica par. solidique profectus Respublica Christiana : minus tenebrarum confusionis dissidiorum plus . &' universa volatilia Coeli. delicia- . And Adam gave Names to all Cat- tle. Dis- centes vero plus discant Scholae minus habeant Stre- : pitus. i. ii. fol. vani laboris plus autem otii. Adduxit Dominus Deus a^/ Adam cuncta Animantia Ter- ra. rum. 6. A. Appellavitque Adam Nominibus suis cuncta Animan- tia. I. & invenire modum. 20. 19. and to every Beast ot the Field. The Lord God brought unto Adam every Beast of the Field. 1657. to see what he would call them. &• omnes Bestias Agri. Amst. Didacticae nostras prora & puppis esto : Investigare. 6^ universa volatilia Colli. nauseae. lucis. quo Docentes minus doceant. p. Gen. and every Fowl of the Air. 19. and to the Fowl of the Air. . ordinis.

Xnsiruction is the means to expel Rudeness. because we have not learned things neces- sary. 1. The ground of this business. to act. to speak. be not obscuFe. We know not necessary- things. It will be true. and by that. True. : The Author's Preface to the Reader. and say it again aloud. as- the fingers on the hands. with wliicb young wits ought to be well furnished in Schools. and articulate. if nothing be taught but such as- is beneficial to ones life . is. the tongue for eloquence. 3. Clear. and 4. 3. be clear. or is confused. firm and solid. It will be /ull. lest there be a cause of complaining afterwards.'\i the mind be polished for wis- dom. distinct.- But so. that sensual ob- jectsmay be rightly presented to the senses. for fear they may not be received. that this last the foundation of all the rest is because we can neither act nor speak wisely. if It will whatever taught and learned. but apparent. I say. Solid. This will be that grace of one's life. Full. as that the teaching be i. unless we first rightly understand all the things which are- (xiii) . 2. and the hands for a neat way of living. to be wise. 4. 2.

The Pictures are the representation of all visible I. that the work of teaching and learn- ing goeth heavily onward. and with that fulness. yet a brief of the whole world. and the things which are to be learned are offered to scholars. express- Titles set every ing the whole thing by its own general term. Now there is nothing in the understanding. and of men's actions in their way of living: Which. And that in that very order of things. See here then a new help for schools. what good you may expect from it. good Masters. and a whole language: full of Pictures. and afiFordeth little benefit. that nothing very necessary or of great concernment is omitted. It is a little Book. and whereof we are to speak. and all discreet actions in ones course of life. And therefore to exercise the senses well about the right perceiving the differences of things. because it is commonly neglected in schools. . Which. things. I will tell you. which was not be- fore in the sense. as you see. or II. and Descriptions of things. in which they are described in the jfanua Latince Lingua. in short. one over their own Pictures.XIV THE ORBIS PICTUS. A Picture and Nomenclature of all the chief things in the world. f'to which also things invisible are reduced after their fashion^ of the whole world. without being under- stood or being rightly presented to the senses. will be to lay the grounds for all wisdom. and all wise discourse. of no great bulk. Nomenclatures. to be done. The Nomenclatures are the Inscriptions. may not be loath to run over with your scholars. it cometh to pass. that you.

that children ('even from their infancy almost^ are delighted with Pictures. and willingly suffer themselves to be fas- tened upon them. as that same figure which is added to every piece of the picture. Which such Book. and in such a dress may (\ hope^ serve. II. :: XV III. which is to be fastened upon things. and preparing them for deeper studies. wax lively. always shew- eth what things belongeth one to another. The Descriptions are the explications of the parts of the Picture. but dainty fare. Whence a third good will follow that chil- . that they may not conceit a torment to be in the school. To entice witty children to it. and if they be away. and willingly please their eyes with these lights And it will be very well worth the pains to have once brought it to pass. because therein the mind doth not as yet raise up itself to an abstracted contempla- tion of things^ evermore seek their own objects. that scare-crows may be taken away out of Wisdom's Gardens. I. they grow dull. and wry themselves hither and thither out of a weariness of themselves but when their objects are present. For it is apparent. This Book then will do a good piece of service in taking ('especially flickering/ wits. For the Senses ('being the main guides of childhood. and drawn over with this . and the term of it. dren being won hereunto. and even to be sharpened more and more which is also : a great matter. till the thing be sufficiently dis- cerned. This same little Book will serve to stir up the Attention. III. they grow merry. so expressed by their own proper terms.

First it will afford a device for learning to read more easily than hitherto. this Book will serve for the more pleasing using of the Vestibulum and j^anua Linguarum. . In a word. Where again the very looking upon the thing pic- tured suggesting the name of the thing. reading cannot but be learned. by those larger descriptions of things. especially having a sym- bolical alphabet set before it. and which are set after the Pictures. pic- tur'd by it. it prom- iseth three good thing of itself. to wit. which may wholly be avoided by this method. till the imagination being strengthened by use. will tell him how the title of the picture is to be read. For the often reading over the Book. and indeed too.. for which end it was even at the first chiefly intended. Yet if it like any. with the image of that creature. and then having looked over a table of the chief sylla- bles also f'which yet was not thought necessary to be added to this book he may proceed to the viewing j of the Pictures. by sport and merry pastime. For the young Abe scholar will easily remember the force of every character by the very looking upon the creature. And thus the whole book being gone over by the bare titles of the pictures.. which thing is to be noted. way of heeding. that it be bound up in their native tongues also. and the inscriptions set over 'em. whose voice that letter goeth about to imitate. without using any ordinary tedious spelling. I.XVI THE ORBIS PICTUS. that most trouble- some torture of wits. will be able per- fectly to beget a habit of reading. the characters of the several letters.may be furnished with the knowl- edge of the prime things that are in the world. can readily afford all things.

because the first tasks of learners ought to be little and single. with the chief of things and words. and of all our understanding about things. will serve for the perfect learning of the whole English tongue. and reducing those that are joined together under certain rules. and a clearer light of the understanding be . only in two idioms. wherein the use of the Latin tongue dififereth from the English. The same book being used in English. For where there is no difference. And there might be also some observations and advertisements added in the end. Thence a new benefit cometh. If a more perfect de- scription of things. that is. we have filled this first book of training one up to see a thing of him- self. there needeth no adver- tisement to be given. clearly resolving the speech already understood into its parts shewing the declining of the several words. and a fuller knowledge of a lan- guage. XVll II. as a man clad in a double garment. that that very English Translation may serve for the more ready and pleasant learning of the Latin tongue as one : may see in this Edition. and that from the bottom. AUTHOR S PREFACE. be- cause by the aforesaid descriptions of things. But. that every where one word answereth to the word over against it. or with the grounds of the whole world. and the whole language. III. with nothing but rudiments. And a short Eng- lish Grammar might be added at the end. and the book is in all things the same. touching those things only. the words and phrases of the whole language are found set orderly in their own places. . the whole book being so translated. in Eng- lish Schools.

that they may be willing first. the parts of the body. so that they may see nothing which they know not how to name. hand.not only in the Picture. cannot be pre- sented to the eye. And let the things named them be shewed. sought after f'as they ought to be_^ they are to be found somewhere whither there will now be an easy passage by this our little Encycloptzdia of things sub- ject to the senses. II. Then let them be examined ever and anon fes- pecially now what this thing or in the school^ that thing is. Let it be given to children into their hands to delight themselves withal as they please. the house. let them be encouraged. which is good for many things.XVIU THE ORBIS PICTUS. and that they can name nothing which they cannot shew. with the sight of the pictures. d^c. but also in themselves for ex. books. Let them be suffered also to imitate the Pic- turesby hand. to observe the proportion of the parts one towards another and lastly to practise the nimbleness of the . nay rather. . utensils. . V. d^c. and is called. clothes. For which reason it were to be wished. ample. III. I. it will be to no purpose at all to offer them by themselves to the scholars. if they will. as colours. thus to : quicken the attention also towards the things and . which cannot here be pictured out with ink. Something remaineth to be said touching the more chearful use of this book. Ifanything here mentioned. relishes. and that even at home before they be put to school. that things rare and not easy to be met withal at home. and making them as familiar to themselves as may be. IV.

the senses. to the scholars. XIX might be kept ready in every great school. and an en- trance to the school intellectual. as often as any words are to be made of them. . Thus at last this school would indeed become a school of things obvious to . that they may be shewed also. But enough Let : us come to the thing it self.

John Comenius. and prove rather a meer toil and burthen. and very advanta- geous to those of more discretion. to furnish them with many words. is this. or so well observed. ('especially to such as already have a smattering of Latin^ to help their memories to retain what they have scatteringly got- ten here and there. than a delight and furtherance. which ('perhaps^ they had not formerly read. which for their profitableness to the speedy attainment of a lan- guage. but to young children ('whom we have chiefly to instruct^ as those that are ignorant altogether of things and words.The Translator. Gentlemen. Now the general verdict ('after trial made^ that hath passed. and to make the learner more (XX) . have been translated in several countries. For to pack up many words in memory. is to fill the head with empty imaginations. to all judicious AND industrious School-Masters. that they are indeed of singular use. There are a few of you (l think^ but have seen» and with great willingness made use of (or at least perused. of things not conceived in the mind.^ many of the Books of this otthis well-deserving Author Mr. out of Latin into their own native tongue. touching those formerly extant.

But the gross misdemeanor of such children for the most part. and pro- ceeded ('as nature it self doth^ in an orderly way first to exercise the senses well. which till they be somewhat acquainted with things. according to my judgment. do puzzle their imagina- tions with abstractive terms and secondary intentions. in the language which they learn. He hath therefore in some of his latter works seemed to move retrograde. to become discouraged J than to care to treasure them up. And this I guess to be the reason. presuming that he having then taken notice of most things. will sooner get the knowledge of the words which are applyed to them in any lan- guage. in hopes to gain more knowledge of what they mean. why many great persons do resolve sometimes not to put a child to school till he be at least eleven or twelve years of age. to speak they know not what. they cannot apprehend what they mean. translator's preface. and then to fasten upon the intellect by impressing the first notions of things upon it. and striven to come nearer the reach of tender wits and in this present : Book. nay which is worse. taking the way of teaching little ones by Grammar only at the first. we. and the words belonging to them. have taught many parents to be hasty enough to send their own to school. Whereas indeed. by representing their objects to them. he hath. and linking them on to another by a rational discourse. yet ('at least^ that they might be kept out . if not that they may learn. we. do teach children as we do parrots. . gen- €rally missing this way. xxi to admire the multitude and variety ('and thereby. descended to the very bottom of what is to be taught.

By this means he shall . So soon then as a child can read English perfectly. till he be able to turn readily to any one of them. respecting profitable use chiefly that hisown country and language. according to my wont. And at pres- ent I know no better help to forward his young scholars than this little Book. leaving all other men. of harm's way and yet if they do not profit for the . time they have been at school. to be provided of this Book. What may be had thereof. to use or refuse it. and is brought to us to school to learn Latin. I would have him together with his Ac- cidence. f'no respect at all be- ing had for their years^ the Master shall be sure enough to bear the blame.XXll THE ORBIS PICTUS. which was for this purpose contrived by the Author in the German and Latin Tongues. may here make of it in our Grammar-schools. L Let him look over the pictures with their gen- eral titles and inscriptions. he him- self hath told you in his preface but what use we .as they please. So that a School-master had need to bend his wits to come within the compass of a child's capacity of six or seven years of age ('seeing we have now such commonly brought to our Grammar-schools to learn the Latin Tongue^ and to make that they may learn with as much delight and willingness. I shall partly de- clare . as it is now translated into English. in which he may at least once a day ('beside his Accidence^ be thus exercised. and to tell its name either in English or Latin. to their own discretion and liberty. as himself would teach with dexterity and ease.

ever minding how they are spelled. and scholars so little exercised therein.that none but themselves can interpret what they scribble in their bills and shop-books. by reason of heart. in their real forms. . easily furnished with the knowledge of most things and instructed how to call them. either in Eng- lish or Latin. till he can readily read. II. many of whom write such false English. To construe. and distinctly pronounce the words in both Languages. these impressions which the viewing of the pictures hath already made in his memory. And withal. and afterward in Latin. let him get the Titles and Descriptions Then by which he will more easily do. III. and to what part of the picture they direct by their like tillhe be well able to find out every particular thing of himself. Not to speak of our ordinary Trades- men. i. let him take notice of the figures inserted. when at any time he meeteth with them elsewhere. And now let him also learn. or give the words one by . partly. that they pass from schools to the Universities and return from thence ('some of them^ more unable to write true English. Thus he shall not only gain the most primitive words. but be understandingly grounded in Orthography. than either Latin or Greek. because our common Gram- mar is too much defective in this part. and to name it on a sudden. partly because our English schools think that children should learn it at the Latin. and our Latin schools suppose they have already learn'd it at the English. TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. which is a thing too generally neg- lected by us. Let him read the description at large: First in English. XXlll have the method of the Book in his head and be .

and this doing will enable him to know the end and use of his Accidence. our English propriety of Speech will not admit the like. and those of Concordance and Construction in the latter part of the Accidence. as con- cerns the first part of his Accidence only. they be taught also to write a fair and legible hand.XXiv THE ORBIS PICTUS. There is one thing to be given notice of. being thoroughly learn'd by at least thrice going them over. according to the rules. one. which I wish could have been remedied in this Translation. Therefore it will behove those Masters that intend . And whereas the words of that Lan- guage go orderly one for one with the Latin. that the Book being writ in high-Dutch doth express many things in reference to that Country and Speech. For that. where I would have him tell what part of Speech any word is. 2. As for the Rules of Genders of Nouns. and this book together. ('which I presume by this timej he hath learn'd in the first part of his Accidence. especially. which cannot without alteration of some Pictures as well as words be expressed in ours for the Symbol- : ical Alphabet is fitted for German children rather than for ours. as they answer one another in Latin and Eng- lish. and the Praeter- perfect-tenses and Supines of Verbs. To Parse. but especially to decline the nouns and conjugate the verbs according to the Ex- amples in his Rudiments. till by the help of this Book he can perfectly practise so much of Etymology. I would not have a child much troubled with them. if whilst they are employed herein. and then what ac- cidents belong to it. will much prepare children to go chearfully forward in their Grammar and School-Authors.

till they comprehend particulars. which they know not what it meaneth. And because any good thing is the better. which to them are harsh in getting. and then their Rules of speaking will be better understood and more firmly kept in mind. first with some knowledge of things and words wherewith to express them. being the more communicated I have . do not much trouble their thoughts and clog their memories with bare Grammar Rudiments. You then that have the care of little Children. to construe it verbatim to their young Scholars. Else how should a Child conceive what a Rule mean- . and desist in my own under- takings for the present. But for as much as the work is now done.* but by this or the like subsidiary. Such a work as this. who will quickly learn to do itof themselves. and fluid in retaining because indeed to . desired by and I my self had some years since f'whilst my own Child lived^ begun the like. inform them. XXV to make use of this Book. having found it most agreeable to the best witted Children. though in some things not so completely as it were to be wished. I observe to have been form- erly much some experienced Teachers. because by them the knowledge of things which they seem to represent ('and whereof Children are as yet ignor- ant^ are most easily conveyed to the Understanding. and their man- ner of variation. who are most taken up with Pictures from their Infancy. after they be once acquainted with the first words of Nouns. them they signifie nothing. TRANSLATORS PREFACE. herein imitated a Child who is forward to impart to others what himself has well liked. I rejoyce in the use of it. but a mere swimming notion of a general term. and Verbs.

XXVI THE ORBIS PICTUS. nor what manner of thing it is which is sig- nified to him in his own native Language. that hath bestowed upon us this gift of Teach- ing. jFan. 1658. and experience got thereby. it being the very Basis of our Pro- fession. then no doubt our teaching and their learning of other things subordinate to these. are delivered (as I may say^ at a third hand. at the throne of God's heavenly grace and remain while I live Ready to serve you. And I pray God. CHARLES HOOLE. that so we may apply ourselves to their reach But I : leave the observation thereof to your own daily exer- cise. as I shall daily do for you and yours. will by the assistance of his blessed Spirit make them able and willing to do him faithful Service both in Church and Common- wealth. when he knoweth what the Latin word im- neither porteth. From my School. 25. which is given him thereby to understand the Rule? For Rules consisting of generalities. I beseech you. and then the words to be already apprehended touch- ing which they are made. London. that we may train up Children in his Fear and in the knowledge of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord and . . as I truly love and honour you. beg for me and mine. the fountain and giver of all wis- dom. This. so to inspire and direct us by his Grace. eth. I might indeed enlarge upon this Subject. as long as they live here. in Lothbury. that so they may be eternally blessed with him hereafter. to search into the way of Childrens taking hold by little and little of what we teach them. . and labour willingly in the same Profession with you. presuming first the things.

B. They come closest to Nature. touching a work of this Nature j in his Gate to Science. nay. Fish.tted. till the rest be learned. or the like. Hezekiah Woodward. I would have omi. their information therefrom would be quickned and surer. TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. Art exceeds her. And if we had Books. Fowls. wherein are the Pictures of all Creatures. Beasts. 2. For Pictures ai-e the most intelligible Books that Children can look upon. they would stand us in great stead. /^ertainly the use of Images or Representations is great : If we could make our words as legible to Children as Pictures are. . Herbs. The Judgment of Mr. those of Geography. But so we cannot do. XXVll N. chap. saith Scaliger. though we must do what we can. as. Astronomy. and a Child be better able to understand them. some- times a« eminent Schoolmaster in 'L.O'^YiO'^. Those Heads or Descriptions which concern things beyond the present apprehension of Children's wits.

that a Boy has sometimes to seek 7 or 8 lines off for the corresponding Word. in a Lan- guage they are strangers to. or are very like in sound and . to a Noun in the other whence may . which is no small trouble to Young Learners who are at first equally unacquainted with all Words. As there are some considerable Alterations in the present Edition of this Book from the former. except it be such as have Figures of Reference. thus may perhaps. which wou'd have fully answer'd the design of COMENIUS. innocently enough join an Adverb in one Tongue. Hoole.An Advertisement Concerning this Edition. that when it was first published. 'Tis certain from the Author's Words. it may be expected an Account should be given of the Reasons for them. or not sufficiently considering the Inconveniences of having the Latin and English so far asunder) has made them so much disagree. every where one word answer'd to an- other over-against it : This might have been observ'd in our English Translation. which was in Latin and Hungary. or in Latin and High-Dutch. (xxviii) . (whether out of too much scrupulousness to disturb the Words in some places from the order they were in. and have made the Book much more useful: But Mr.

If it be objected. as to be solicited by all several States and Princes to go and reform the Method of their Schools and whose works carried . it ought to be observed.. and Mogolic (the common Tongue of all that part of the Eatt-Indies) and since his death. AN ADVERTISEMENT. Hoole's translating. &C. Such Condescensions as these. and his design to suit whatever he taught. this is design'd for Boys chiefly. that Esteem. to the capacities of young Learners are certainly very reasonable. appear the Necessity of the Translation's being ex- actly literal.) in some other School-Books of Mr. and putting them into an order which may not perhaps be exactly classical. to whom every thing ought to be made as plain and familiar as possible. but also into the Arabic. or those who upon the are just entering Latin Tongue. Turk- ish. XXIX. that in his own Life-time some part of them were not only translated into 12 of the usual Languages of Europe. but from Discourses where the Periods have a fuller Close. at beginning. who are not. intO' . Line for Line. and wou'd be most agreeable to the Intentions of the Ingenious and worthy Author. to be taught the elegant their first placing of Latin. Whose Excellency in the art of Education made him so famous over Europe. this way has already taken (according to the Advice of very good Judges. to their manner of apprehending- it. Persian. nor from such short Sentences as- these. such a thing cou'd not be done- (considering the difference of the Idioms) without transplacing Words here and there. and found to succeed abundantly well. and the two Languages fairly answering one another. Besides.

Tabor's Christain Schoolmaster. natural and familiar way. Ob. Monro's Essay on Education. wherein a great part of Children's time is lost in a tiresome heaping up a Pack of dry and un- profitable. for forming the Mind and settling good Habits. 'till by an indiscreet use of them. Lock's Essay upon Education. Dr. . may doubtless be look'd upon to contain the most reasonable. or pernicious Notions (for surely little *Mr. they began to be almost quite left off: Yet it were heartily to be wish'd. join'd with the Discourses of Mr. orderly. — His just Measures of the pious Institutions of Youth. than to make our Scholars learn with Delight and chear- fulness. and some others. Lock* and 2 or 3 more out of our own Nation. wou'd revive the COMENIAN METHOD. in an easy. that can be met with. whose Example might have an influence upon others. and completed System of the Art of Education. Mr. and bring them into Reputation again. and want of a thorow acquaintance with his Method. Walker of Education. or unwilling- ness to part from their old road. who follow the way they have pointed out ? tho' every one who seriously considers it. some Persons of Judgment and Interest. which is no other. Dr. XXX THE ORBIS PICTUS. Yet. alas !how few are there. with that of Languages. and to convey a solid and useful Knowledge of Things. Nor did they want their due Encouragement here in England^ some Years ago. the Hebrew. Didactic Works (as they are now collected into one volume) for a speedy attaining the Knowledge of Things and Words. &c . must be convinc'd of the Advantage and the generality of Schools go on in the same old dull road.

but thus much may sufl&ce for the present purpose. the good or ill tion of . which when they have almost broke their teeth with cracking. &C. and as little of any as cou'd consist with the design of making it plain and useful to shun the oflFence it might give . where transplacing of Words cou'd be avoided. with hard Nuts. alternately made use of. XXXI better can be said of a great part of that Heathenish stuff they are tormented with like the feeding them . The Book has merit enough to recommend it self to those who know how to make a right use of it. It was reckon'd one of the Author's best performances and . has been several times re- printed here. AN ADVERTISEMENT. July 13. besides the many Impressions and Translations it has had in parts beyond Sea. to the Reproach of our Nation. have with a just indignation endeavor'd to expose it. management of which is of the utmost consequence to all. to some and only the Roman and Italic Character . and useful in every state of Life. where all other Arts are improved and flourish well. that it needed none. only this of Educa- Youth is at a stand as if that. J. 'Tis not easy to say little on so important a subject. and to establish a more easy and useful way in its room. London. when many of the greatest Wisdom and Judgment in several Nations. they find either deaf or to contain but very rotten and unwholesome Kernels) whilst Things really perfected of the understanding. are left unregarded. . 1727. It was endeavor'd no needless Altera- tions shou'd be admitted in this Edition. H.were a thing not worth any Endeavors to im- prove or was already so perfect and well executed it.


. Invitatio. Boy. The Master and the Boy. r^ome. A World of Things Obvious to the Senses drawn in Pictures. P. Intelligere recte. (I) Orbis Sensualium Pictus. disce sa- . "yeni. learn to M. P. Invitation. M.Saperei to be wise ? M. Magister 6^ Puer. pere. M. Puer. To understand right. What doth this mean. be wise. Quid \iQC &^t.

M. M. Before all things. & tua thy Tongue knoweth how Manus potest pingere. constat quos Animalia . Ducam te per thorow all. into the World. Who will teach me P. and thy hand can picture out. here I am . adsum due me . Ego. Afterwards we will go Postea ibimus Mundum. and to speak agere recte. Quis docebit me hoc? this? M. En. I. lead P. of which quibus Sermo humanus man's speech consisteth. which living creatures sciuat /ormare. at eloqui recte out rightly all that are omnia necessaria. P. omnia. P. Ostendam tibi omnia. cum DEO. cale Alphabetum . See. ro to do rightly. I will guide thee M. necessary. P. and gua scit imitari. and we will & spectabimus omnia. debes thou oughtest to learn the discere simplices Sonos ex plain sounds. Here thou hast a lively Hie habes vivum et vo- and Vocal Alphabet. How ? P. M. me in the name of God. I will name thee all. Quomodo ? M. to imitate. by God's help. & tua Lin- know how to make. Ante omnia. in nomine DEI. I will shew thee all. Nominabo tibi omnia. view all things. .

kha K k The Duck quaketh. Infans ejulat. j4«j^/. Upupa dicit. i i i I i The Mouse chirpeth. hd'h h^'h Hh The Mouth breatheth out. kha. Lupus ululat. ci ci C c The Grasshopper chirpeth. [mum Ursus murmurat. Mm The Bear grumbleth. Ventus flat.. b 6 6 6 Bb The Lamb blaiteth. a 4 A a The Crow crieth. Mus mintrit. Cicada stridet. Agnus balat. gaga Gg The Goose gagleth. Anas tetrinnit. gingrit. Os halat.hh E e The Infant crieth. mum. fi fi F f The Wind bloweth. du du D d The Whooppoo s^xXh. lu ulu The ^<7// howleth. k. . (3) Cornix cornicatur.

Cuculus cuculat. (^) Felt's clamat. Rana coaxat. SI S s The Serpent hisseth. kuk ku Qq The cuckow singeth. Auriga clamat. Canis ringitur. coax X X The Frog croaketh. uu Uu The Oa/Zhooteth. Lepus vagit. va Ww The Hare squeaketh. Asinus rudit. nau nau N tt The Cat crieth. tac tac T t The yay crieth. odd Oo The Carter crieth. y y y Yy The Asse brayeth. . Pullus pipit. pi pi Pp The Chicken peepeth. Serpens sibilat. Graculus clamat. err R r The dog grinneth. Tabanus dicit. ds ds Zz The Breeze or Horte-flie saith. Bubo ululat.

ab everlasting to everlasting. A most perfect and a Perfectissimum &beatis- most blessed Being. . (5) •God II. In his Wisdom. Clemens. .Th. A Light inaccessible & tamen omnia in omni- and yet all in all. Sapientid. unmeas. Verax. Deus. and no Ubique & nullibi. Voluntate. very Bonitate Optimus. immensus. us. Holy. unus. In his Will. •where. good. Just- Merciful and True. simum Ens. In his Goodness. In his Essence Spiritual. Sanctus. Essentid Spiritualis & -and One. In his Personality. bus. Sypostasi Trinus. Just. aeterno in aeternum. ^^^ God is of himself from Deus est ex seipso. Lux inaccessa. Potentid maximus.reG. In his Power very great. Every where. urable.

Fishes. 4. 8. The Heaven. The Earth hath Hills. Animalia. and Men. Pisces. Sylvas. The chiefest Good. 3. III. . ita Guberna- Governour and Preserver of tor et Conservator omnium all things. Mundus. dum. and Stars. Nubes. As the Creator. et so- the only and inexhausted lus et inexhaustus Fons Fountain of all good omnium Bonorum. 7. Aves. pendent in Aere. Birds. so the Ut Creator. habet Ignem &> Stellas. 6. 2. which we call rerum.quas vocamus Mun- the World. Beasts. . 9. 6. Fields. and Summum Bonum. 3. The World. 4. 8. hath Fire. Campos. fly under the Clouds. 2. 5. natant in Aqua. volant sub nubibus. 9. swim in the Water. Woods. I. 5. 7. Terra habet Monies. Homines. hang in the Air. \ Cxlum. The Clouds. things.

is Darkness. standing in the middle. suis. 6. over Ex opposito. The Sun. Lux Diem. may take it from us eripiant eum a nobis and causeth by his Eays. ambit Terram. Nubila. hrm. 5. facitque suis Radiis. and rotatur. Sol. are full of their own sunt plena Habitatoribus Inhabitants. 5. Day. howsoever perpetuo. . stantem in medio. fulget perpetually. Ccelum. (7 ) Thus the greatest Bodies Ita maxima Corpora of the World. wheresoever it is. inde JVox. i. iswheeled about. . shineth ubi ubi est. ments. and the Lucem. The Heaven Ccelum. I. 3.2. sunt Tene- against it. ut ut densa dark Clouds. . 4. 4. and thence Night. Mundi. The Heaven. the four Ele. 3. 6. & encompasseth the Earth. On the other side. quatuor Elementa. z. Light. Light.

accendit Sulphuratum. 10. micant. and & Diluculum. & Stellce. Ignis. in Suscitabulo. glister and twinkle. Ignis ardet. 5. cremat. dawning of the Day. e Silice. A spark of it struck out Scintilla ejus elisa of a Flint (or Firestone). 10. 8. In the Evening. 5. and taken by Tynder in et excepta a Fomite a Tender-box. 3. The -/^zWgloweth. scintillant. Vesperi. 9. by means of a Steel. the breaking. ManS Aurora. splendet Luna. 2. . burn. 3. 9. Fire. 7. 1 Ope Chalybis. V. 4. ashes. lighteth a Match. 8. and after that a Candle. et inde Candelam. 7. and the Stars. (SJ In the Night Nocte shineth the Moon. is Twilight: est Crepusculum: In the Morning. 4. (Pyrite) 2. . eth and consumeth to urit. 1.

7. (lignum extinctum. -or blaze. et excitat Flammam. tandem est Cinis. . Of a Fire-brand. 9. 13. fit Carbo. . 8. 6. and Embers (or hot Ashes). & Favilla (ardens Cinis. -sticking to the qui. 12.) is made a Brand. flame. (9) or stick. (or quenched stick). 6. vel Incendium. vel Lignum. (or a dead Cinder). abit in Fuliginem. 9. Quod remanet. (red hot piece (candente particuli of a Fire-brand) Torris.) .) is made a Coal.) Of a hot Coal Ex Pruna. (Particula mortua.(E dificia. 10. is at last Ashes. 7. adhaerans Chimney. II. 10. 8. which. and causeth a. turneth into Soot. Ex Torre. 13. 1 1 fit 27/w. ascendit inde. Smoak. which catcheth hold of quod corripit the Houses. (or burning stick) (ligno ardente. Camino.) That which remaineth. ascendeth therefrom. 12. Fumus.

1.) 6. 4. sternit Arbores. throweth down Trees. flat valide. excitat Terrce motum. breatheth gently. Aec. Aura. I'rocella. (10 J The Air. (and falls of Houses. 3. Turbo. spirat leniter.^. 3. A Wind under Ground. compass. 4. VI. The IVind. turneth it self in a round agit se in gyrum. Ventus subterraneus. An Earthquake causeth Terrae motus facit gapings of the Earth. .) 6. A Whirl-wind. causeth an Earthquake. A Storm. 2. A cool Air. 2.. Ventus. bloweth strongly. i. Labes (& ruinas. 5.

10. in Vortice. Almost Islands. 13. Mare facit Littora. Necks of Land. 14. 5. runneth in a Beck. Flumen habet Bipas. 2. 16. 11. 6. is whirled about gyratur in a Whirl-pit. and causeth ^«»f. 2. 14. 5. Insulas. i 6 Fonte. glideth in a Stream. 3. The . standeth in a Bond. and hath in it Bocks. Bays. ^inu^.g. . 3. . Capes. 9. Aqua. Stat in Stagno.SVa maketh Skores. & facit Baludes. Straights. fluit in Flumine. I. floweth downwards defluit in a Brook. Freta. Beninsulas. 11. 12. 7. 4. & habet Scopulos. 6. manat in Jin. in Torrente. 15. 10. 8. The River hath Banks. 13. Islands. 7. Bromontoria.^. 12. 16. VII. The Water springeth ^^«a scatet out of a Fountain. 15. Isthmos. The Water. 4.

-as in aquam. . A Vapour. 5. and a small Shower distil. 3. ascendeth Vapor. 7. Frozen Water is called Aqua congelata Ice. Glades. 9. facit Bullam. 10. fit. I. 5. calefacta. 8. Grando. In a rainy Cloud. being warm is Mel-dew. Rain. spumam. Dew congealed. drop stillat e Nube. semigelata. 2. 2. Nubes. i. 3. 4. is made. oppo- set over against the Sun siti soli Iris. Pluvia. Inde Nubes. appeareth. From it a Cloud. prope terram. 8. ascendit ex from the Water. Rubigo est. Which being frozen. In nube pluviosA. 4. A drop falling into the Gutta\nc\Ae. apparet. water maketh a Bubble. Hail. the Rainbow. Aqud. by drop. 7. many Bubbles make multae Bullce faciunt froth. Snow. Ros Imber. half frozen is 6. Nix. et Nebula. VIII. guttatim. 10. and a white Mist.The Clouds. 9. 6. is Quae gelata. leth out of a Chud. near the Earth.

Hollow Caves. 5. Hills rising. i. . 5. ii. 2. Elevati Colles. Opacae Sylvae. ri3 ) iscalled a wAiie Frost. 1. Profundae miles. Alti Mantes. 3. The Earth. with lightning. Plani campi. which breaking out of a quod erumpens k. IX. with Lightning. 6. thundereth and striketh tonat & fulminat. Shady Woods. Vapore sulphureo. Deep Vallies. cum Fulgure. cavae Speluncae. 4. Thunder is made of a Tonitru fit ex brimstone-like vapour. In the Earth are In Terra sunt high Mountains. 3. Terra. 4. ii. 6. Nube Cloud. 2. dicitur Pruina. Plain Fields.

Frag a. 6. 2. 3. Metals. 6. 4.The Fruits of the Earth. 5. Myrtilli. fert Fruges. yieldeth Pratum. i. &c. grow under the earth. which being cut quae defecta down. . Myrtle-trees. & Olera. X. A meadow. i. Provenivnt in Sylvis. Mushrooms. . 3. K Field. grass with Flowers and cum Floribus & Herbis Herbs. erals Mineralia. yieldeth Corn. and Min. Metalla. Stones. &c. nascuntur sub terra.-. fiunt Fcenum. 2. ^«n^». Straus -berries. 5. Terrae Foetus. 4. fert Gramino. and Pot-herbs. Arvum. come up in Woods. are made Jlay. Lapides.y^*s..

Metals. ^flllli il . XI. Metalla.

Silex. PearhzxiA Unions. 1 o> grow in Shell-fish. 6. a Flint. 5. The Sapphire blue. 8. The Emerald green. &c. Smaragdus viridis. 8. 7. are clear Stones. 2. est Lapis comminutus. 3. 6. is Sione broken into bits. ffyacynthus luteus. Saxum. Petra (Cautis) 4. &c. 9. Margaritce & Uniones. sunt obscuri Lapides. GemmcE. The Ruby red. y^ewels. crescunt in Conchis. Magnes. is a piece of est pars a Rock (or Crag-) 4. &c. Adamas candidus. Lapides. 5. are ordinary Stones. 3. 2. Sapphirus cseruleus. And they glister et micant being cut into corners. 7. Arena. . Sand. angulati. Ma/rmor. ut The Diamond white. adtrahit ferrum. Cos. lo. a Marble. A Whetstone. &c. as sunt pellucidi Lapilli. A great Stone. i. The yacinth yellow. Rubinus rubeus. A Loadstone. u and Gravel. & Sabulum. 9. draweth Iron to it.

is gathered Succinum. Amber. simile est Chrystal. groweth Planta. colligitur from the Sea. Glass. 6. procrescit from a Seed. 12. 2. 8. factas e Foliis. 1. Arbor. The Body or Stem. made of Leaves. Chrystallo. A plant waxeth to a Planta abit Shoot. 6. A Plant. e Semine. 13. 3. 5. The . 4. in Ramos. A Shoot to a Tree. riseth from the Root. i. in a Sea-shrub. 13. 7. & Frondes. beareth up the Tree. 2. Stirps {Stemmd) 5. Sustentat arborem. 1 2.^47^7^. XIII. 11. Surgit e radice. 7. 8. is like Vitruni. Radix. and green Branches. in Fruticem. Corallia. Tree. The Stem dividethit self 5//V/J se dividit into Boughs. Frutex in Arbor em. e mari. 3. in Marini arbusculd. C ^7) Corals. D . II. 4.

12. Fruits of Trees. Cacumen. is body fell'd down the est Stipes dejectus. . Gumm. ticem & Librum. Fructus Arborum. The Apple. The Stock. Picem. groweth upon the boughs. is round. i. Truncus. . is close to the roots. The top. fruit-bearing trees. adnascitur ramis. 14. Resinam. XIV. est rotundum. 10. 11. Viscum. \ 3. is in the height. adhaerat radicibus. r is. &c. Bird-lime. &c. A Log. est in summo. which also sweat qui etiam sudant. I. 9. Pitch. Malum. pulpam & medullam. Gummi. sine ramis. 10. 1 1 Caudex. habens Cor- £ark and Hind. 13. Fruits that have no Poma shells are pull'd from decerpuntur. 12. a fructiferis arboribus. without Boughs having . Rosin. Pith and Heart. 9. 14.

Fraxinus. but most of them af. 6. 7. 6. The Sallow. The Plumb. are wrapped in a ^«j^ involuta sunt Cortici and a . Pyrum. The /"z'w^. Acorns and Galls. 5. are something long. and Fig. sunt oblonga. Quercus. Cerasum. 9.S/^if//. &. Baccas. iVajc Juglans. and Peach. Betula. the ^^A. 13. Avellana. pendet longo Pediolo. The Birch. 3. The Beech. Glandes & Gallas. Barren trees are 11. The Cherry. by a very short one. 2.sed plerseque umbriferae. 10. But the yuniper.Fagus. 8. & Persicum. & Castanea. 4. 1 z. ferunt Berries. 8. 14. Prununt. . hangeth by a long start. (^9 ) The Pear. 4. 12. the Hazel-nut. the Cypress. 13. Abies. brevissimo. 3. The Wall-nut. by a shorter. Strobiles The C?a>J. the ^/^^r. . \i^. & Putamini.thG Linden-tree.C. 2. 15. 15. breviori. fording shade. Pinus. &c. Alnus. 9. 7. and Bay-tree. 5. and Chest-nut. yield & Laurus. The Mulberry. Cupressus. & Ficus.. Morum. Tilia. Pine-apples. Salix. Steriles arbores sunt 11. 10. The Firr. At yuniperus.

the Spring are the Violet. 3. 1. tandem Rosa. and blew. ut Amaracus. Turn Lilia. 10.Flowers. 8. 7. &c. I. Ex his Serta. Flower gentle. Then the Lillies. & ccerulea. Rosemary. (Libanotis)^ . 4. Amaranthus. 3. Rue. Ruta.2^ the Daffodil. Narcissus. 8. vientur. white and yellow alba & lutea. 6. Flores- Amongst the Flowers Inter flores the most noted. notissimi. and the Clove-gilliflowers. In the beginning of Prime vere. 6. as Marjoram. 7. HerbcR odoratce. Rosmarinus. 10. 9. Lavender. Hy(uinthus. 2. 5. 4. Of these Garlands. Lavendula. 5. There are added also Adduntur etiam sweet herbs. tyed round with twigs. are & Service. Viola. &c. & Caryophillum. and Nosegays. the Crow-toes. and the Rose. 9.

3. Urtica. Cepa. Acetosa. &c. Trefoil. . ( 21 J Hysop. Pot-herbs Olera •grow in Gardens. the Blew-Bottle. 12. &c. the most noted are Flores. 12. The Tulip. i. &c. the Nettle. ChamcBdrys. Sage. &c. Chameemelum. ut Lactuca. est decus Florum. 3. Brassica. 11. Cytisus (Trifolium) Wormwood. nascuntur in hortis. Basil. Hypossus. •Onions. •Colewort. Sorrel. Nard. Cyanus. "but affording no smell. Absinthium. Potherbs. isthe grace of flowers. 2. Spike. Ocymum. sed expers odoris. 2. Inter Campestres 1 1. Chamomel. notissimi sunt the May-lillie. Olera. &c. Salvia. And amongst Herbs. Et Herbse. Menta. as Lettice. XVI. Lilium Convallium. -Mints. Amongst Field-flowers. &c. i. Tulipa. Germander.

Cucumbers.fiar hath in quibus 6/>«Va habet awnes. XVII. ut. Allium. ut. 1 1 and Pompions. 7. Millet. 8. i?«>. Milium. Some instead of an ear. 6. scunt super culmum. 6» . 2. Petroselinum. iz. (22) Garlick. in which the . 8. Barley. Turkey-wheat. i. Rapa. 7. or else it is without Aristas. Hordeum. fo- awnes. Gourd. as Wheat. 4. Raphanus major.^. 5. 3. Horse-radish. Pepones. 5. Triticum. Corn. Avena. The Radish. The Oats. Quaedam pro Spica. . 9. the Cisirw in the Husk. aut est mutica. parted by ^«(7/. 2. Raphanus minor. Siligo. . 4. Some C(?r« grows upon Frumenta quaedam cre- a straw. The Turnep. distinctum geniculis. Parsly. Cucurbita. and it nourisheth vetque grana in gluma. Fruges. 1 1 Cucumeres. i. 4. bunches. 3. 9. 6. 6wtf/-. 5. 6. Frumenium Saracenicum. 10. conti- containing the corn by nentem grana fasciatim. 12. have a rizom (or plume) habent Paniculam. 10. 4.

Vicia. Scirpus. the Pulrush. ferens Typhos. Juncus. XVIII. In ripis & stagnis. 9. Frutices. valvulis.Pulse have Cods. intus. 4. or Cane without knots [Canna] enodis bearing Cats-tails. those that are less than & minores his these Lentils and Urles (or Lentes & Cicera. Elsewhere. which is knotty and hol. ut. as Pease. A plant being greater. 3. iscalled a Shrub : dicitur Frutex : such as are ut sunt In Banks and Ponds. 9. & durior herba. I. and the Reed. I. nodosa et cava low within. Vetches. 2. Shrubs. 7. . Pisum. which enclose the corns quae includunt grana in two Shales. Planta major and harder than an herb. Legumina habent Siliquas. 4. Alibi. Tares). 8. 8. 3. 2. 7. Beans. & Arundo. and Fabce. the Push.

(^4) the Hose. Aves. 8. XIX.Animal vivit. the Elder. the Juniper Sambucus. Juniperus. 9. Vine-leaves. is nourished. 6. pendent i/z'^. which contain Grape-stones. quae emittit Palmites. putteth forth branches. 5. and these tendrels. and Bunches of grapes. dieth. 9. Birds. aut cubat. et hi Capreolos. sentit. 6. Pampinos. aut sedet. Also the Vine. 7. nascitur. moveth it self. 7. 8. continentes Acinos. on the stock whereof quorum Scapo hang Grapes. moritur. et Racemes. . or lieth. or goeth. aut graditur. movet se. Living-Creatures: and First. is born. nutritur. which Item Vilis. or sitteth. 5. stat. the Bastard-Corintks. . A living Creature liveth. Rosa. Animalia: & primum. perceiveth. and groweth : standeth. & crescit . Ribes.

(which Callus. . 1 here the King's making in mari nidulans. in a nest.) her nest in the Sea. 12. 1 1 excludit Pullos. a Tail. Fmmella. volat Pennis. & Rostrum. {Fisher.) is covered with Feathers. (hie Halcyon. XX. I croweth in the Morning. as many Feet. 1 1 An Egg is cover'd Ovum tegitur with a Shell. (^5) A Bird. 2 flyeth with Wings. 9. 3. and a -5?7/. 6. 1. Aves Domesticae. 10. The Cock.)| (qui cantat mane. 1 3 in this the Yolk. 3. habet duas Alas. 8. /oy^/// Eggs.) . 4. 14. in nido. 7. et incubans iis. 5. 12. hath two Pinions. /«/a. under which is sub qua est the White. . in hoc Vitellus. . 10. 8. 13. 5. 9. hatcheth young ones. ponitO\3i. 14. The ^A-r^. Caudam.2. and silting upon them. Tamp Fowl'?. 6. i. .4ww. 7. totidem Pedes. i. 4. . tegitur Plumis. Albumen. .

& Gallopavus. and Spurs. 9.) and the Turkey-cock. 9. 8. 6. 15. 4. ruspatu r _. Gallina. 10. The Swallow.) bario. 15. (which are brought up in (quae educantur in Colum- a Pigeon-house. prideth in his Feathers. The Stork. & Calcaria. and the Bat. The gay Peacock. 1 1 Ciconia. 16. volitant circa Domus. . 7. scrapeth the Dunghil. 1 1 buildeth her nest nidificat on the top of the House. & Vespertilio. Formosus Pavo. cum sua Meleagride. and is crammed Capo & saginatur in a Coop. . 5.?/«i?/«w. Monedula. . 2. 14. in tecto. superbit pennis. in Ornithotrophico. 14. with his Turkey-hen. habet Cristam. the Mag-pie. and picketh up Corns: & colligit grana as also the Pigeons. being gelded. 13. /"zVa. sicut & Columba. (or Flettermouse) (Mus alatus) use to flie about Houses. 3. 8. 10. 7. Passer. he is called castratus dicitur a Capon. the Sparrow. 2. A ^^«. the jackdaw. 6. 5. 12. 16. : ( ^(>) hath a Comb. 13. 4. Hirundo. 12. 3.

Singing-Birds Oscines. The Lark. Acanthis. as the Canary-bird. Galgulus. Discolor Psitiacus. in ramis arbor- trees. Curruca. i. 2. 6. cantillat as she flyeth in the Air. 7. learn & Monedula. urn. Luscinia {Philomela). Rubecula. sitting on the ground. the Linnet. 2. &c. 5. cantatsuavissime omnium. ret. The Quail. singeth Alauda. Sturnus. 5. the Black-bird. and the yay. others on the boughs of Caeterse. the Chaffinch. the Wood-wall. eth the sweetlyest of all. with the Mag-pie cum Pica. sing. the little Titmouse. Fringilla. the Robin-red-breast. The party colour'd Par. Linaria. the Siskin. 7. ut Luteola peregrina. parvus Parus. the Hedge-sparrow. Merula. sedens humi. discunt . The Nightingal. volitans in acre. 6. Carduelis. Coturnix. i. 4. the Goldfinch. 3. 4. the Stare. &c. •5.

The Whoopoo. is the greatest Bird. includi Caveis. is the most despicable. XXII. 3. 2. Regulus. 5. is very rare. (Trochilus) is the least. minimus. . 6. The Pheasant. 2. for it eateth dung. sordidssimus. i Struthio. the Bustard. C2SJ to frame men's words. Aves Campestres & Sylvestres. Birds that haunt the Fields and Woods. 5. rarissimus. 8. Phasianus. 6. 3. humanas voces formare A great many are wont Pleraeque solent to be shut in Cages. Tarda (Otis). 4. The Ostrich. ales est maximus. The Owl. is the most nasty. . vesciturenim stercoribus. 7. The Wren. 8. Upupa. despicatissimus. I. 4. Manucodiata. 7. The Bird of Paradise. Noctua.

and the Raven.. surdus. Palumbes. potissimae sunt. looketh upon the Sun. . Cuculus. the Woodcock. intuetur Solem. the Stock-dove. . Perdix. (^9 J the deaf wild Peacock. gemens.. Picus. 14. Gallinago (Rusticola). 2. the mournful Turtle. G^r«5. 10. 15. i. Turtur. Vultur. the J^ay. the King of Birds Rex Avium. 8. 10. 9. The Eagle. the watchful Crane. 15. 12. the Crow. Aves Rapaces. the Cuckow. Tetrao. are counted Dainties. Ravenous Birds. 11. 16. 3. &c. 3. 1 Aquila. &c. Among the rest. 9. the Partrige. The Vulture. pervigil. 12. w. 13. the best are. & Corvus. the Moor-hen. habentur in deliciis. 13. Inter reliquas. 14. Attagen. 16. 8. 2. the Speight. Garrulus. & TUrdus. XXIII. and the Thrush. Comix.

pullos gallinaceos. i. 10. 2. and the Duck. The Falcon. The white Swan.'-. 7. insectatur Chickens. catch at little Birds. XXIV. The Cormorant. Birds.. &c.and the Pelican. 6.] The Kite. Mergus.Adde his Fulicam. capiat eth Pigeons and greater columbas & aves majores. 8. i. 4.candidus. 3. diveth. 4. &c.. 7. pascuntur morticinis. hen. & Anas. Pelecanum. Nisui. and the Hawk. Astur. Oler. 8. [cadaveribus. captant aviculas. & Accipiter. The Gerfalcon. Anser. 3. And to these the water. Water-Fowl. natant. 5. . the Goose.. Aves Aquaticae. pursueth Milvus. catch. (3° J feed upon Carrion. 10. Falco. the Hobbie. 6. 4. se mergit. 4. swim up and down. z.

maketh honey Apis. and his Bill in the water. & Gavia.2. The Bittern. belloweth like an Ox. XXV. but the Heron. sed Ardea. (Asilus). 7.. devour. 6. vav^rvanh pecus. 8. 1. and the Hornet. especially Cattel. 4. 2. ^ying downwards devolantes. 7. ' . 5. 5. motat caudam. use to catch Fish. 5. putteth Butio. molest with a sting. infestant oculeo and the Gad-Bee & Oestrum. 6. standing on the Banks. 4. depascit eth. & mugit ut bos. 9.quod Fucus. ( z^) The Osprey. (or Breese). captant pisces. 8. 3. inferit rostrum aquae. Halixetus. The Bee. stans in ripis. Flying Vermin. Motacilla. & Crabro. 9. which the Drone. The Wasp. 3. 5. Insecta volantia. The Water-wagtail. waggeth the tail. facit mel 1 . . and the Sea-mew. Vespa.

The Dog. 1 Canis. 8. is keeper of the House. 9. est winged Caterpillar. 1. 1 Cicindela [Lampyris]. . ) (l^ but the Fly. Quadrupeda : & primum Domestica. 3. cantillat. 10. 9. nos. alata Eruca. 10. The Cricket. covereth Scarabceus. The Butterfly. is a Papillio. shineth by night. 2. XXVI. 6. autem Musca. & Culex. 11. 7. 2. and the Gnat. 8. alas vaginis. est custos Domus. 7. . us. The Beetle. The Glow-worm. with the Whelp. Gryllus. tegit her wings with Cases. nitet noctu. Four-Footed Beasts: and First those about the House. cum Catello. The Cat. singeth. 1. 6. Felis (Catus) 3.

XXVII. Taurus. Sciurus. and the Ferret.^. the Marten. The Dormouse. 8. delectamento. 5. ^. doth. 10. and the Monkey. and the Lamb. Simia. 6. 10. Vacca. caeteri Mures majores. Martes. facit. the Weesel. 4. 6. rss. 2. as. B . Vervex. the Ewe. 4. The £am. 9. teguntur pilis. the Weather. Cwj. i. & other greater Mice. bear wool. 6. 7. 2. Pecora. & Vitulus. Mustela. The Ape. Muscipula. are covered with hair. Herd-Cattle. are kept at home habentur domi for delight.. Viverra. i.the Cow. Aries. & Cercopithecus. 3. trouble the House. 5. A Squirrel. The £ull. which also a quod etiam Mouse-trap. infestant domum.Muribus. 6. 8. 5. ut. gestant lanam. 7. 4. and Glis. 1. 4. riddeth the House purgat domum of Mice. cum Agno. 9. and the Calf.

Asinus. ornat) eth) carryeth us. 4. I. habent.Beasts. goat. 2. but also cloven feet sed etiam Ungulas bisulcas as those others (have. at non Cornua . The Camel. 8. . gestat nos ipsos. gestant Onera. 10. 5. 1 1. Camelus. carryeth the Merchant gestat Mercatorem with his Ware. have & Hcedo. cum mercibus suis. Porcus. Scrofa. 7. but not horns. The Horse. and the Mule. the Gelt. habent &/(Zj.) ut ilia. the Sow. XXVIII. have bristles. 7. cum Capra. shag-hair and beards. 8. 3. 3. (3^ J The He-goat. Jumenta. and the I'igs. 2. cum Porcellis.(4w. 1 1. grac. 4. & Mulus. The jSTc^. Equus. carry burthens. 5. 9. Caper. Villos & aruncos. with the She-goat. The . (quam Juba. (which a Mane. I. Hircus. 9. 10. and Xid. Labou ring.

standing out. 8. ^nd is able to carry. The Buff. 3. 7. Alces. The Elke. 3. (Barrus) 6. 6. but the Jioe. He hath two Teeth. hath very little ones. prominentes. 6. 7. huge great ones. (35) The Elephant. being bigger than an major equo Horse (whose back is im. I. Wild-Cattle. & potest portare full thirty men. Ferae Pecudes. -draweth his meat to him attrahit pabulum with his Trunk. se ad rupem. etiam triginta viros. 8. Elephas. and Sed Caprea. Rupicapra. & Bubalus. minuta. are wild Bulls. Proboscide. XXIX. praegrandia. the Hind-calf. 2. sunt feri Boves. The Wild-goat. none. 7. 7. Urus. 1. 2. Habet duos denies. The Stone-back. . and the Buffal. 5.-( by which she hangeth quibus suspendit her self on a Rock. 4. 6.\aios\. 5. . cum Hinnulo.(cujustergusest impene- penetrable) hath knaggy trabilis) habet ramosa cor- horns as also the Hart. 4. Capricornus. :*.3. ferd nulla. nua ut & Cervus.

1. dentes. jubatus with the Lioness. and habent acutos ungues. II. cum Lecend. Lepus. 1 theKing of four-footed Rex quadrupedum. having a mane. The spotted Panther. grassatur dentibus. Aper. 2. 11. 1 2. pavet. Monoceros... Wild-Beasts. Ut & Talpa. 9. is fearful. and are flesh eaters. Ferae Besitae. which maketh hillocks. The Boar. . . As the Lyon. hath but one. Beasts. 8. & teeth. 10. The Cony. 8.suntque carnivorae. (3^) The Unicorn. habet unum. eth one with his tushes. sed pretiosutn. Ut Leo. XXX. As also the Mole. 12. but that a precious one. 10. . Pardo (Pan- thera) 2. 9. Maculosus. The Hare. quae facit grumos. assail. Cuniculus.. perfodit terram . Wild Beasts Bestia have sharp paws. diggeth the Earth.

6. i. Natrix. Snakes creep Angues repunt jby winding themselves. 8. Coluber. The Shaggy Bear. 4. astutissima omnium. 3. Erinaceus. (hydra) 2. -6.1 The Tyger. in the water. gaudet latebris. 7. Serpents and Creeping things. in Sylvd. 4. visu pollens. in the wood. 3. i. The Badger. ) . Melis. The Hedge-hog. Lynx. The Water-snake. 5. est aculeatus. Caudata Vulpes. the craftiest of all. 8. 7. (1. Vipera. Villosus Ursus. 9. in Aqud. The ravenous Wolf. 5. amongst great stones. 'the cruellest of all. -delighteth in holes. The Adder. sinuando se. The quick sighted Ounce. is prickly. The Viper. Rapax Lupus. 3. Tygris. 3. 2. XXXI. The tayled fox. Serpentes & Reptilia. immanissima omnium. 9. in saxis .

. and the Salamander. Crawling. (3&J The Asp. with his Eyes Oculis. 9. 11. 9. XXXII. . 4. pedes. \ Vermes.(or Mild-snake) Boa. And the Scorpion. 5. The Dragon. The Basilisk. The Lizzard. Aspis. Draco. 7. Salamandra. 6. 10. 8. Worms gnaw things. The ^(7ff. 6. Lacerta. (that liveth long in fire) (in igne vivax. 4. CcBcilia. 1 1 with his poysonous tail. . Insecta repentia. est ccEca. in the fields. Scorpio. 8. 5. is blind. killeth with his Breath. in Domibus.Vermin. rodunt res. 10. a winged Serpent. in Houses. in campis. The Slow-worm. Basiliscus. Serpens alatus.) habent have feet. 7. venenata caudd. necat balitu.

( Z9) The Earth-worm. 6. retia muscis. 10. Capillum. 8. is a blood-sucker. Frumenta. 2. 7. the Plant. Hand-worms. Maggots. the Corn. 12. Eruca. 4. the Hair. Wall-louse. . i. nets for flies. 13. 3. Ricinus. carri. The skipping i^/?a. the Earth. Aranea. The Timber-worm. the Lowse. Wood. a Book. The Spider. Lumbricus. Cochlea. 15. 13. vestem. 14. Circulio. 1 1. Formica. circumfert testam. Bombyx. The Grashopper. (cossis) 5. The Book-worm. 9. 7. terrara. Acari. Blatta. weaveth a Cobweb. 9. 8. and the stinking foetans Cimex. mordent nos. 12. Ligna. est laboriosa. eth about her Snail-horn. 1 1. The Moth. The T/^^. plantam. 16. 6. 2. The Silk-worm. i. 15. 5. Cicada.^ Mite. Saltans Ftilex. a garment. the Fruits. Th. Teredo. Tinea. sanguisugus est. texit Araneum. The Pismire. Flesh and Cheese. 16. carnem & caseum. Fruges. 4. is painful. bite us. Pediculus. 14. facit sericum. Librutn. Termites. 3. maketh silk. 10. The Caterpillar. The Snail.

tia Nili fluminis The Castor or Beaver. cum Bufone. & squameam Caudam ad natandum. The Tortoise. ( ^o) XXXIII. 4. . Operta & infra. (Fiber) 2. covered above and be. Lutra. are in terrd & aqud. 4. 1. neath with shells. . Crocodilus. testis. Testudo. The Otter. as with a target. with the Toad. & coaxans Rana. Amphibia. i. a cruel and preying Beast immanis & prsedatrix bes- of the River Nilus . The croaking Frog. 3. 5. Creatures that live by Viventia land and by water. 3. Creatures that live as well by Water as by Land. having feet like a Goose. Castor. ceu scuto. sunt The Crocodile. 2. 5. habens pedes anseripos and a scaly tail to swim.

1 with which it swimnieth. . and the Luce or Pike. (41 J XXXIV. & Branchias. Mustela. Piscis habet Pinnas. 3. and the La7nprey. 7. crescit groweth beyond the ultra longitudinem viri. quibus natat and Gills. quibus respirat and Prickles & Spinas instead of bones: besides loco ossium : praeterea. ut. as the Carp. Quidam habent Squamas. . Anguilla. Lucius. and the Female a Row. 2. Mas Lacies. . 6. Faemina Ova. 8. (Lupus) 4. 6. The Sturgeon. A J^isk hath J^ins. 8. mucronatus. ut Carpio. the Male hath a Milt. Silurus. 5. 3. having a sharp snout. Some have Scales. . 5. 7. i. length of a Man. Pisces Fluviatiles & Lacustres. Some are sleek Alii sunt glabri. 4. by which it taketh breath. Accipenser (Sturio). River Fish and Pond Fish. The Sheath-fish. as the -£1?/. 2.

. (4^) having wide Cheeks.

10. 1 1 habet . Raia. . 3. Alii. Salmo. &c. cum Asellis. and the Sea-horse. monstrossimus. 14. Homo. 10.^ Alii sunt Murcenula. (Esox) 5. primus Homo. velocissimus. have Shells. Margaritas. Ostrea. Others are the Lamprel. dat sapidam carnem. . 4. the first Man. & Passeres. The Purple-fish. 2. 1. qui salsi. afiFordeth sweet meat. purple purpuram The others. 9. 13. 8. There are also fish that Danturetiam volatiles. Adde Haleces. which arebroughtpickled. j Adamus. & monstra marina. Murex. which are brought dry. 12.6. i. Phocam. the most monstrous.(). qui adferuntur arefacti and the Sea monsters. Add Herrings. the Seal. Pearls. 1 1 . 13. the swiftest. Concha. the Salmon. r43) The Dolphin. 3. flie. 12. 7. The Scate. . XXXVI. 6. and Cods. Hippopotamum.%. . Man. Shell-fish. 7. Delphinus. 2. testas. 14. &c. Adam. or the Lax. and Place. The Oyster. 5.

Septem . was made prima mulier. the first Woman. de fructu vetitm arboris. 4. A Man is first an Infant. lump of Earth. The Seven Ages of Man. 5. i . cum omni posteritate sua.States Hominis. and cast out of Paradise. 3. 4. | Homo est primum Infans. And Eve. ad miseriam & mortem. 5. . formata est e costd viri. were condemned. damnati sunt. 6. to misery and death. of a sextd die Creationis. 3. 2. of the Rib of the Man. & ejecti e Paradise 6. XXXVIl. 2. ( U) was made by God after formatus est a Deo his own Image the sixth ad Imaginem suam day of the Creation. Serpentis. when they had eaten of the cum comederent fruit of the forbidden Tree. seducti by the Devil under the adoio sub specie shape of a Serpent. e Gleba Terrae. These. being tempted Hi. 1 . Et £va. with all their posterity.

3. 9. 7. A Damosel. man. . 6. the -^^(?A 20. i. 5. Pupa. deinde Puer. after that an Elderly-man. 8. a decrepid old tandem Silicernium. The Outward Parts of a Man. inde jfuvenis. below. 1. 11. 3.6. | infra ^^(/«. est supra. 10. 12. 4. So also in the other Sex. Sic etiam in altero Sexu^ there are. 13. a decrepid old Woman. 4. 8. (^s) then a £oy. 12. Membra Hominis Externa. j Ca/az". then a Youth. Mulier. and at last. 11. 20. a Maid. 5. sunt. 2. turn Adolescens. XXXVIII. an Woman. The ^i?ff(/. is above. a <?«>/. 2. and elderly Vetula. ^«2<j decrepita. Puella. then a Young-man. dehinc Senex. 13. posted Fir. 10. then a 7)/a«. 9. 7. A Woman. Virgo.

Under the Breast Sub pectore is the Belly. 21. 18. hinder part. & pudenda. with Nipples. on either side the Hands. are next the Shoulders. Women have in it Fceminis sunt in illo two Dugs. The Breast. tlie Crag. in quo Sura. 19. est ante. 12. (Calcaneum) 27. Hallux. Absolvunt Pedem . 10. in the very end. 6. 23. 19. & Solum. 14. and the left. . 29. the Navel. is before.) is the Throat. 8. Manus. depend. 9. . 7. are behind the back. sunt a tergo. on which the Shoulders k quibus pendent humeri. the Heel. 5. cum Tilia.{Genu. the Thigh. utrumque Latus. underneath the Groyn. Scapula. 4. Ci2/:x:. and in the Breech. in the middle of it in ejus medio. Dextera. These make the Foot. with tht Elbow. with four (other) Toes. 29. Femur. 8. est Venter. with the Hips. 2. The Shoulder-blades. Nates. (46 J the fore part of the Neck Anterior pars Colli (which ends at (quod desit the Arm-holes. andthen cum inde ad Cubito. & Sinistra. 22. the est Jugulum. 11. behind Dorsum. with the Shin. 10. (the Knee. cum Papillis. ab his Brachia. 12. 3. 23. 25. 26. 17. 3. subtus Inguen. & in Bodice. 16. abhinc Tali. 28. and xhe privities. cum quatuor Digitis. 24. cum Coxis. 13. being be. The Loyns Lumbi. Pectus. retro. 28. the right. then theZ^^. 22. 1 1^. 16.24. (culo) the Buttocks. and the Sole. intermedio. 7.) twixt them. 27. 25. tum Crus. 26.6. 4. binae Mammce. q. 2 1. Umbelicus.) in which is the Calf. on these the Arms. excipiunt Humeros. in extremo the great Toe. 5. the back.) in Axillas. 18. 14. posterior Cervix. 11. 15. z. then the Ankles.

6. & Mentum. 12. and the Chin. 13. Caput & Manus. (which is combed (qui pectitur with a Comb.9. Mystace. The Head and the Hand. & Tempora. 4. i. the Temples. Fades. 1 1.) Pectine. The Mouth is fenced Os septum est with i Muftacho. 2. In the Face are In facie sunt the Fore-head. Nasus. and the Face. uterque. the Cheeks. 2. 9. (?tf««. 8. 5. Frons. Cat ) XXXIX. binse. (with two Nostrils) (cum duabus iVizr/toj) the Mouth. 11. 13. 3. 4. Oculus. Capillus. 8.) two Ears. Cx. 5. . 7. 10. the Nose. (Malae) 10. In the Head are \ jIn Capite sunt the Hair. Aures. and Lip. 7. 3. & Labiis. 12. 6. both the Eyes. 1.

in the midst. 17. and the Eye Oculos vero (in which is the White (in quo Albugo and the Apple) & Pupilla) with eye-lids. 18. with four Fingers. 25. 16. 23. and the Little-finger. 15. 17. Dentibus. . is the hollow.\\. aperta. Palma. e. 20. articuli tres. in the Cheek-bone. 21.e. r48. c. in Maxilla. 2 1 Indice. the Middle-finger. Medio. 15. . 23. Thumb. the Ring-finger. cum Ungue. 22. d. i6. Pollex. Pugnus. d. and Teeth. 25. Annulari. est being open is a Palm. 20.f. is a i^w/. in medio F(?/a. 18. 19. A Tongue and a Palate. the Fore-finger. In every one are In quolibet sunt three joynts. b. 14. 24. & totidem Condyli. b. 24. 22. of the Hand. A Man's Chin Mentum virile is covered with ?iBeard. a. with a TVa//. f. and an eye-brow. & supercilio. and as many knuckles. c. 19. tegitur Barba. & Auriculari. The Hand being closed Manus contracta. Lingua cum Palato. cum quatuor Digitis. a. palpcebris. the extremity is the extremitas.

Ossa & Viscera. tanquam in farcimina. rits. 3. whereof therearereckoned quorum numerantur four hundred and five. the Gristles. the Flesh with the Muscles. Caro.!. XL Caro & Viscera. it were in stuft puddings. & about with a Skull. not in a continual lump. oflF. being pull'd Cute. be. 2. the Ut in Q.^. being compassed circumdatum Cranio. I. Cartilagines. The Bowels are the in. the Flesh. which they call Muscles. as sed distributa. Caro cum Musculis. and . appeareth. The Skin. 2. canales Spirituum. cum Membranis.Cerebrum. quadringenti quinque. Viscera sunt Membra in- ward Members : terna : As in the Head. Canales. the Bones and the Bowels. ad movendum Membra. ing the Chanels of the Sj>t. the Chanels. Brains. apparet. r49 ) The Flesh and Bowels. but being distributed. to move the Members. non continue mass4. detracts. quos vocant Musculos. In the Body are the Sh'n In Corpore sunt Cutis with the Membranes.^^\tQ.

and in the left side oppo. Canales & Ossa. and ih^Lungs. obducta Omenta. TheChanelsoftheBodyare | Canales Corporis sunt . duo Renes. 4. and the Bladder. which is called quae vocatur the Mid-riff. ei Lien. In Pectore. covered with a Caul. . 6. 10. & Pulmo. the Skull. The Chanels and Bones. 8. . covered with a thin obvolutum Pericardia. 4. 1 1 cum Vesica. & Intestina. the Heart. In the Breast. rso. 9. jFecur. Ventriculus. it. The Liver. 9. 5 5. (Hepar) 8. breathing to and fro. 12. crass^ Membrand. In the Belly. respirans. In Ventre. Diaphragma. 12. 7. 6. & k sinistro oppositus site against the Milt. ^/J«« about it. 7. the Stomach. The Breast Pectus is divided from the Belly dividitur k Ventre by a thick Membrane. 10. the Skin which covereth Pericrania. and the Guts. 11. Cor. the two Kidneys. XLI.

The Breast-bone. columna Corporis. turning joints. pro respiratione from the Stomach to the 4 ventriculo ad Anum Anus is agreat Intestine. to purge out the Ordure . reddendae urinae. the Brain. per throughout the Body from Corpus a Cerebro. 13. Then the Back-bone. and the lesser Bone in the Arm. You shall find these Invenies haec tria. for breathing. ut Corpus Body may bend it self. that the Vertebris. Ureter. 15. 3. carrying VencR deferentes the Blood from the Liver. . 9. via cibi ac potus & . and by it to the Lights. there are twenty-four. Colon. the two Cheek-bones. iz. 6. 6. for making water. cum with thirty-two Teeth. Calorem Ifeari-a. 13. joined together. •consisting of thirty-four constans ex XXXIV. the Buttock-bone. the Ureter. 10. 7. everywhere ubique sociata. 4. . 1 1 Os Pectoris. The Bones are Ossa sunt in the Head. the Pillar of the Body. from the Liver to the ab Hepate ad Vesicam. Sanguinem ex Hepate The Arteries (carrying) Arterice. three. Spina dorsi. XXXn. 12.<^. the Veins. . . . way of the meat and drink.nd Life from the & Vitam 6 Corde Heat The Nerves (carrying) Nervi. ab Ore into the Stomach is in Ventriculum the Gullet^ z. 8. Os sessibuli. csx. ad excernendum Stercus. 7. Tum. 15. the bigger Bone in the Lacerti. 8. 5. the Gula. Guttur. duae Scapula. .the juxta banc. whereof Costce. duae MaxillcB. & Ulna. the Skull. in Capite. 9. Sen sum Sense and Motion et Motum. 10. 1. from the Mouth Porro. Dentibus. 4. queat flectere se The Ribs. quarum viginti quatuor. Bladder. 2. Arm. 1 1 the two Shoulder-blades. Calvaria. Besides. ad Pulmonem Wezand. 3. i..

The Eye. ours. XLII. Bones. . sit. Pedis. Ossa Manfis. There are five outward Sunt quinque extei'ni Senses . . the foremost. red or yellow. are thirty-four. seeth Col- i. The Ear. green or blew. 19. and the hindmost Bone. viride vel coeruleum. 19. Voices and Words. triginta. 17. anterior. turn naturales. 14. black. & posterior. both natural. videt Colores. 16. of the Foot. thirty. and sunt triginta quatuor. audit Sonos. The Bones of the Hand. Tibia. rubrum aut luteum. I. Sensus . turn artificiales. The Marrow is in the Medulla est in Ossibus. what white or is quid album vel atrum. 17. Oculus. in the Leg. 14. 18. 2. Sensus externi & interni. Sounds. The Outward and Inward Senses. 18. Voces & Verba and artificial. rs^y" The Thigh-bone. 16. 2. heareth Auris. Fibula.

& qualitatem rerum . laeve & asperum. sow. the moist and dry. scenteth Nasus. Phantasia. 5. The inward Senses are Sensus interni sunt tres. : : (53) Musical Tunes. The Memory. under the crown of the head sub vertice. a Sensibus externis. tangendo ing discerneth the quan. apprehendeth apprehendit things taken from res perceptas the outward Senses. acre iitter. 7. 8. up every thing recondit singula Aeadjl&yeth. 8. The Hand. by touch. what is sweet or dulce aut amarum. the hard and soft. 3. austerum.head. deperdit quaedam. odores & foetores. humidum & siccum. grave & leve. The JVose. and fetcheth them out & depromit it loseth some. Memoria. under the hinder part of the sub occipitio. the smooth and rough. est requies Sensuum. . The Common Sense. 4. the heavy and light. three. 7. and this is forgetfulness. the rest of the Senses. the hot and cold. cum Palato roof of the Mouth tastes gustat Sapores. calidum & frigidum. Sleep. The Tongue. quid Savours. Tonos Musicos. thinketh and drcameth. aut acidum. 5. 3. under the forepart of the sub sincipite I . Sensus Communis. olfacit smells and stinks. 6. 6. dijudicat res istas. is Somnus. -tity and quality of things. durum & moUe. judgeth of those things. acerbum aut er or harsh. cogitat. & hoc est oblivio. 4. The Phantasie. with the Lingua. somniat. keen orbiting. Manus. dignoscit quantitatem.

a thing good and evil. bonum ac malum. aut rejicit. or rejecteth. and understandeth & intelligit. In the Will. or apparent. vel apparens. Homine. vel verum. una in toto. and desireth. or true. This consisteth in three Haec consistet in tribus: things In the Understanding. corporis. XLIII. & concupiscit. & aversatur cognitum. In Voluntate. whereby it pursueth quo prosequitur . whereby it chooseth. qu4 eligit. In the Mind. . and mis. Simul Sensitiva in Ani- mals J malibus . And also rational in Etiam Rationalis in Men. r54>) The Soul of Man. In Animo. Withal Sensitive in in the whole. Only Vegetative'ia Plants. liketh a thing known. Tantum Vegetativa in Plantis . In Mente (Intellectu) whereby it judgeth qu^ cognoscit. Anitna hominis^ The Soul is the Life of Anima est vita the Body.

Hinc Amor & Gaudium. communi form^. The true judgment of a Vera cognitio rei. & aversatione Hence is Love and Joy. . falsa. Opinion and Suspicion. in the Fruition: in fruitione But Anger and Grief. Suspicio.Bonum electum. and dislike. the false. in suffering. Deformes & Monstrosi. in passione. is Error. XLIV. eth the Evil rejected. Hence is Hope and Fear Hinc Spes& Timor. Opinio. in cupidine. Error. d. vel fugit Malum rejectum. Sed Ira ac Dolor. : : rss. in the desire. Monstrosi. Monstrous and de. the Good chosen or avoid. formed People are those & deformes sunt which diflfer in the Body abeuntes corpore from the ordinary shape. thing is Knowledge j est Scientia . Deformed and Monstrous People.

The blub-cheeked. . 6. CV7(5i. The Crump-footed. Amongst these are reck. Loripes. oned. 6. The jolt-headed. 10. The blubber-lipped. Biceps. 9. Naso. 8. i. Capito. 4. 2. XLV. the Dwarf. add to these adde The Bald-pated. Strabo. 3. and such like Monsters. We have seen Man: Vidimus hominem Now let us go on to Man's Jam pergamus . 2. 9. little nanus (Pumilid). 3. 15. 1 1 The Crump-backed. 13.immanis Gigas. 8. 7. 14. & id genus monstra. Gibbosus. 1 1 Strumosus. One with two Heads. Hortorum cultura. 7. 12. 13. 14. Bicorpor. 5. 5. One with two Bodies. The Dressing of Gardens. : ( s(>) as the huge Gyant. The goggle-eyed. The steeple-crowned. The wry-necked. ut sunt. The great-throated. 12. Bucco. The great nosed. His accensentur. 10. Labeo. . 4. Calvastrum. Obstipus. 15.

1 9. 13. were the Victus. erant Fruits of the Earth. aut Bipalio. rs?.and to Handy-craft. . which tend to it. and maketh Beds. flex^ I sudibus and bindings .Gardener. Hereupon the first la. or a rffli'/. 19. i. Hortulanus (Olitor). & Pergulis. 18. 16. aut Vacerra. Bruges Terrce. Tlie Gardener. & ad TVa^ifj. with a Spade. •or Pales. It is watered Rigatur with Fountains. made oi Hedge-stakes. 14. 15. 9. 5. 15. 16. fodit in Viridario. Primus & antiquissimus 'cient sustenance. 5 plant Trees. •5. 4. 3. beautified It is Ornatur with Walks. Or by Nature. 13. was Adami. 17. 4. •diggeth in a Garden-plot. 17. 1 1 aut Macerie. o. & Harpagio. Ambulacris. ^/fe5 Mechanicas. vel Cura. quae hue faciunt. aut P lands. 12. the dressing of a garden. with Vel Natura Brambles and Bryers. 8. The firstand most an. 6. in Pomario. aut ^iJ^^. or Mattock. i. 6. 9. & vitilibus . . ) Muro. in Stocks. with a mound. in an Orchard. on which he setteth quibus inserit Seeds and Plants. facitque Pulvinos. 7. 14. 11. planteth Trees. . Hinc primus Labor bour of 2. 18. The Tree. He fenceth his Garden. . Viviradicibus. Semina & Plantas. Dumis & Vepribus. plantat Arbores. 8. or a Hedge. 10. ^nd Galleries. Fontanis.and places wherein to ac Plantaria. 2. Horti cultura. inseritque Surculos. 12. Ligone. Arborator. and grafteth Cyons. Sepit hortum either by care. or a Stone-wall. .ad Victum hominis. 7. ^nd a Watering-pot.

7. 13. 6. and holding the Plozu-stilt. 3. and the Plow-staff.) with a Share. furrows. jungit Boves. Arator. in his left hand. 14. 1. and harroweth it in & inoccat with a Harrow. Aratro. \ 1 Oc(r(^. 8. in his right hand. Glebas. 12. gather. eth up the handfuls. 6. Vomere. et Dentali. and mdiVcth. 3. 4. Messor.) Ft mo. 4. 5. 2. i. scindit terram (which was manured afore (stercoratam antea with Dung. and a Coulter. . & tenens Stivam. Falce messoris. . 1 2 sheareth the ripe corn metit fruges maturas with a Sickle. facitque Sulcos. dextrA. 13. Rallum. 9. laevd. 2. 10. with which he removeth qud amovet Clods. 14. 5. 10. 9. he cutteth the Land. yoketh Oxen. 1 1 The Reaper. 7. Husbandry Agricultural The Plow-man. Then he soweth Turn seminat the Seed. Semen. . to a Plough. 8. . colligit Manipulos.

cutting down Grass desecans Gramen with a Sithe. 21. it in a winnowing-basket. 20. are separated from it. congerit in Saccos. and Rastro. maketh up Cocks. 23. 15. 18. 16. 15 & colligat Mergetes. & carrieth it on Carriages. . 23. 27. 28. 25. 28. 24. 1 9. and so when the Chaff. maketh Hay in a Meadow. 22. Grasing. Pecuaria. componit Acervos. 26. with 2^ fork. ig. 26. thrasheth Corn triturat frumentum on the Barn-floor. tosseth Flagello (tribula). jactat ventilabro. Vf \i\i 2i FlayI. 27. 17. 22. (S9) and bindeth the Sheaves. 25. and Furca. Tritor. 20. 24. in ^rifa Horrei. Fceniseca. and raketh it together corraditque with a Rake. & Stramifie. in Fcenile. 12. he separate. The Mower. . 17. putteth it into Sacks. Fake fcenaria. 18. convehit Vehibus. atque ita Paled and the Straw. 16. into the Hay-barn. The Thrasher. facit Fmnum in Prato. XLVII.

18. erat cura Regum. 6. 5. and a Sheep-hook. with a Horn. and Cheeses. evocat Armenia. contra Lupos. 11. 16. 1 5. The ^^(7/. 4. and driveth them to feed. 17.Heroum. 9. 10. Lana. fenced with a Collar. feedeth his Flock. 15. having with him a great habens secum Molossum. 2. 18. nantur ex aqualiculo haroe. 15. 7. Villica. out of the Beast-houses. 2. ad PrcBsepe. in a Churn. The Farmer'' s Wife. The Neat-heard. and keeping Cattle. 10. The Shepherd. 19. 9. milketh the Udders mulget Ubera of the Ci?w. against the Wolves. over a milk-pale. 12. are 6'a<. Pipe. 14. Plebis. 4. Cultus Agrorum. munitum Millo. Swine. 13. et Caseos. of Curds. 17. ut & Pedo. & res pecuaria. conficiuntur. sagi- fed out of a Swine-Trough. at this Day only of the hodie tantum infirmae meanest sort of People. & ducit pastum. in Vase butyraceo. 7. 13. whereof several Garments ex qui variae Vestes are made. and a Scrip. & Pera. 12. and maketh Butter et facit Butyrum of Cream 6 _^(£'rif lactis. Bubulcus. of Kings and Noble-men. pascit Gregem. at the Cratch. 8. 19. is shorn from Sheep. ((>o) Tillage of ground. super mulctra. I. detondetur Ovibus. 5. ^ Coagulo. . 8. vaccce. 6. was in old time the care antiquissimis teraporibus. Opilio (Pastor). 11. 16. 3. ^ Bovilibus. Dog.j-. Buccina (Cornu). i. calleth out the Heards. being furnished with a instructus Fistula. 3.

i. being ready to fly away is avolaturum. efifluit. That swarm Examen illud. The Partitions being Crates melted by fire. 6. 4. et complent eas MelliginCy. adduntque illi it a Leader. 2. C6iJ XLVIII. Vasts anei. The making of Honey. 3. 7. 5. 8. liquati igne turn into Wax. and is put up & includitur new Hive. and sexangulares. into a novo Alveari. 6. and make Combs. 5. 4. 3. Mellificium^ The £ees send out Apes emittunt a swarm. 8. i. 7. They make little Cells Struunt Cellulas with six corners. and set over Examen. fill them with Honey-dew. 2. & faciunt Favos. abeunt in Ceram. out of which the Honey h quibus Mel runneth. recalled by the Tinkling revocatur tinnitu of a brazen Vessel. Ducem (Regem). .

9. deinde y^umentaria. Manuaria. 6. tandem. super lapidem. and at last a Wind-mill. 13. Such a Mill was first Talis Mola primum fuit •a Hand-mill. A Wheel.x Excussorium. 5. 11. In Mola. 9. Rota. and parteth the Bran. 12. Alata (pneumatica). 13. from the Meal slipping d. 7. Farina (Polline) through a Bolter. 1. 3. per Infundibulum. 2. (62 ) Grinding. I. turning them about circumagente. 8. 6. falling into the Trough. \o. 3. then a Water-mill. elabente ^t. currit upon a stone. 2. then a Ship-mill. et and grindeth Corn poured conteritgrana infusa in by a Hopper. a Stone. separatque Furfurem. . 4. then a Horse-mill. 5.Z. 12. runneth Lapis. Molitura In a Mt'l/. 10. & Navalis. decidentem in Cistam. XLIX. 4. 7. 1 turn Aquatica.

10. &C. 9. Kneading-trough. 8. Pistor. Afterwards he setteth Post imponit them on Peel. Cribo. spatha. But hepullethout first Sed prills emit the fire and the Coals with ignem & Carbones a Coal-rake. 7. 10. Similas. Then he poureth water Turn afFundit aquam. 3. 6. Cakes. 11. &c. 6. 3. 8. Bread-baking Panificium. . I sifteth the Meal cernit Farinam in a Rindge. a. 1 1 per Prcefurnium. ligned. Panes. 9. to it and maketh Dough. . Rutabulo. Then he maketh Dein format Loaves. 4. 7. i. Spiras. 2. 5. 4. Cimnels. The Baker. 13. (poUinario) and putteth it into the & indit MactrcB. 13. Rolls. Placentas. and kneadeth it depsitque with a wooden slice. iz. iz. 2. into the Oven. . the Oven-mouth. & facit Massam. and putteth them thorow & ingerit i^«r«(?. PalcB. 5.

2. 14. sive in littore. catch. 16. . & cui Esca inhaeret or with a Cleek-net. 4. 6. . sive Nassa. 7. habens extra Crustam. 2. Et sic Pants pinsitur having the Crus( without. or with a Wheel. . 14. sive Fundd. i.intus Micam. Rett. 4. which is laid in the Water quae demergitur by Night. 15. . on which the £aii sticketh. per Noctem. Piscator. 15. is put into the Water immittitur aquae or in a Boat. quae pendens Pertica. Fishing Piscatio^ The Fisher-man. either on the pisces. and the Cmmb with. Hamo. in. ab arundine. with a Trammel-net. Shoar.i. with an Hook. r64>) which he layeth on a heap quos congerit underneath. 3. 5. sive in Cymba. 16. 7. 6. 3. which hangethby a Line qui pendet^/c? from the angling-rod. And thus is Breadh&ked. which hangeth on a Pole. infra. captat eth fish. 5.

8. 7. spreadeth Aream. : Fowling. allicitAves. antos. by the chirping of Lure. and are partly shut in partim inclusi sunt Caveis. Amiti. over. 2. 6. i. illi Rete aucupatorium. on which they hang and quibus suspendunt & strangle themselves : suffocant seipsas : Or setteth Lime-twigs. and hiding himself & abdens se in a Zr«^. 9 Aut exponit Viscatos cal- on a Perch. birds. 10. and thus he en. it. superstruit a Bird-'net. in Latibulo. 3. cantu Illicum. 6. atque ita obruit tangleth Birds that fly transvolantes Aves Reti. 10. runt. G . 4. Or he setteth Snares. 2. in his net whilst they dum se demittunt settle themselves down. The Fowler. Aucupium. 9. he allureth Birds. maketh Auceps. 8. throweth a Bait. 5. upon obsipat Escam. which partly hop qui partim in Area cur- upon the Bed. Aut tendit Tendiculas. . exstruit a Bed. Cages. 5. 4. 7. ^. 1.

4. Or he catcheth them Aut capiat with a Fo/e. . 3. (furcillas. i. ground. The Wolf. they enwrap their Feath. 3. the Tumbler. persequitur. whilst he besetteth a dum cingit Sylvam.) The Beagle. . Wood with Toyls. Venator. vestigat Feram. pursueth it. . €th the wild Beast or find. 5.or Greyhound. 2. 1 1 or a Pit-fall. so that they cannot fly ut nequeant avolare. LIII. Lupus. iz. The Hunter. falleth in a Pit. and fall down to the & decidunt in terram. 1. ii. away. track. ers. 2. 12. 6. Cassibus. 6. vel DecipulA. 5. Venatus. 4. «th him out by the scent aut indagat odoratu. Varos. stretched out upon tentis super Shoars. bunteth wild Beasts venatur Feras. Pertied. (66) upon which if they sit quibus si insident. Vertagus. Cams sagax. implicant pennas. incidit in Foveam. Hunting.

7. (t7) the Stag. as he runneth .

3. 15. he flayeth them. i. 8. & facit Pernas. d Penu. Totnacula. 17. He dresseth a Swine. 1 4. dissecatque and hangeth out the flesh & exponit carnes. Farcimina Chitterlings. (Lucanicas) 16. Glabrat Suem. 1. Cook( LV. out of the Larder. excoriat (deglubit. Promus Condus. r 68 ) with a Slaughter-knife. profert Obsonia. 7. with fire igne. 11. 13. and maketh Gamons. 12. venum in Macello. Liverings. 2. and Flitches. Apexabones. eliquantur. 10. & Succidias. 6. 7. Sausages. and cutteth them in pieces. . or scalding water. Pistils. 17. bringeth forth Provision. . 3. 13.) 6. and Adeps. Sebum. are melted. Bloodings. Coquinaria» 7%^ Yeoman of the Larder. 1 1 Petasones. 15. 18. 10. 9. 5. 8. The i^«/. Botulos. 9. Cunaculo. 12. Faliscos. to sell in the Shambles. & Tallow. 14. Besides several Puddings. vel aqu4 fervidd. Praetered. 16. varia. 18. 2. 5.

or grateth with a Grater. 10. Lingula. ope of a Larding-needle. PatincE. taketh them Coquus. on the Hearth. 8. 21. 10. 13. 16. Feathers and draweth the & exenterat ^z. 4. aut terit Raduld. He seasoneth things that Condit elixata. Gutter iticisorius. & Scopa. eluuntur) a pair of Tongs. Trua. 24. 22. 17. 27. Foculus (Ignitabulum). Aromatibus. Orfryeth them Vel frigit in a Frying-pan. 20. ' He scaleth and splitteth Desquamat & Fish. z6. exuit. 16. and Kettles. 18. 30. 18. 6. 29. & coquit warza Esculenta. a Shredding-knife. Qualus. accipit ea and maketh several Meats. a Chafing-dish. Corbis. 28. Sartagine. (in which Dishes. 23. 21. Creacentri. 13. & Platters. Kitc}ien utensils besides Coquinaria prse- J'ijtj'a are. 23. a Colander. 25. and (in qu^ Catini. in Mortario. which he poundeth with a quae comminuit Pestil. 5. 26. 4. a Coal-rake. Lepores. 30. Pistillo. C6g) The Cooi. JPots. 1 1 and scummeth them & despumat with a Scummer. Hecaseth Hares. upon a Brand-iron. Forceps. by means Lardo. Spits. in a Morter. a Basket. . 17. 7. terea sunt. 15. . 8. 14.«. 29. 27. 1 5. and with a J^ack. 19. 11. Gutts out of the Birds. & Automata. 19. 25. 24. 9. in i^^ci?. Rutabulum. He draweth some flesh Trajectat quasdem carnes with Lard. 7. are boyled with Spices. 5. He first puUeth off the Prius deplumat. 9. a TV^)'. are washed). 12. exdorsuat Pisces. 22. 14. He roastethsome on Quaedam assat Verubus. & Cacabis. or upon a Grid-iron. 6. and a Besom. super Tripodem. then he boileth ihem in turn elixat C//w. 28. 12. vel super Craticulum. 20.

Pedibus. 3. 4. abscindunt cut off the Bunches. Botros. i. they andi adest. vel ad Palos (ridicas). 5. which is called Must. conjiciuntque in Lacum. qui dicitur Mustum. and tread them calcant with their Feet. \ 1. . 2. 2. ad Arbores. 7. 11. where Vines are propa. 9. and squeeze out the juice & exprimunt succum in a Wine-press. and carry them in & comportant Measures of three Bushels. or to Props. Cum tempus vindemi- gathering is come. or Frames. Trimodiis. 5. 7.ubi Vites propagantur.6^ 6. 9. i. 3. 4 When the time of Grape. in Vinea. vel ad yuga. 8. gated and tyed with Twigs & alligantur viminibus to Trees. 8. or stamp them aut tundunt with a Wooden-Pestil.The Vintage Vindemia. Wine groweth Vinum crescit in the Vineyard. Ligneo Pile. Torculari. and throw them into a Vat.

It is drawn out of the Promitur e Dolio Hogshead. with a Cock. abit in Vinum. in Ahetio. which is brewed of Malt. 14. 16. Brewing. Siphotie. 2. (in which is a Spigot) the (inquo est Episfomiuni) Vessel being unbunged. or Faucet. 15. 12. bibitur Cerevisia (Zythus). 3. 3. 12. Where Wine is not to be Ubi Vinum non habetur. 13. 13. 1 quae coquitur ex Byru. r?! ) and being received & exceptum in a great Tu6. Vase relito. stopped up. . . 10. aut Tubulo. and Hops. i. and being laid close in Cel. & Lupulo. 4. 2. 4. had they drink Beer. & abditum in Cellis. super Cantherios. in a Caldron. Orcd. it becometh Wine. Vasis (Doliis). 14. 16. it is operculatur. in Lacus. lars upon Settles. 15. it is poured into infunditur Hogsheads. LVII. afterwards it is poured post effunditur into Vats. Zythopoie. lo.

beck. i. become acescunt. a Pan. (1^) and when it is cold. defertur Labris. 8. 9. . is placed. 5. 9. in Cellaria. Brandy-wine. 5. 1 Tapetibus. . in Vitrum. cui Alembicum. it is carried in Soes. 6. Convivium. destillat per Tubum. superimpositum est. over which a Lim. extracted by the power of extractum vi Caloris heat from dregs of Wine in e fecibus Vini in Ahem. and is put into Vessels. ' the table is covered Mensa sternitur with a Carpet. & intunditur vasibus. into the Cellar. Vinum sublimatum. Vinegar. 8. Wine and Beer when Vinum & Cerevisia. droppeth through ^Pipe. apparatur. fiunt Acetum. When a Feast Cum Convivium is made ready.cum they turn sowre. 6. 7. into a Glass. Of Wine and Ex Vino & Melle fac- Honey they make Mead. & frigefactum. 7. iunt Mulsum.

9. 6. into CV/^. The Butler. 25. in Pocula. or Wine-pot. in Patinis. 27. 8. Messes are brought Fercula inferuntur in Platters. 7. 26. in Lance. 21. 12. Panem. 17. 20. vel Lagena. & distribuit. Master of the Feast. 3. 7. 9. 6 Gutturnio. who Convivatori. Assutaris in Scutellis. breaketh up the good deartuat dapes. drinketh to his Guests. & Mappa. 28. over a Hand-basin. vel Vitrea. 6. 4. and in abaco. 13. 27. Sauces are set amongst Embammata interponuntur Roast-meat. then they sit at the Table turn assident Mensae on Chairs. 21. . Knives. Cheer. Pincerna. with a Salt-seller. Cultros. Discos (Orbes). 16. ( nj and a Table-doth. 10. cum Salino. which stand quae extant on a Cupboard. Table-napkins. 15. a /"zif. infundit filleth strong Wine Temetum. 16. cum Fuscinulis. 1 5 and wipe them terguntque on a Hand-towel. Artocrea. 2. 23. by the Waiters. z6. or Ewer. 1 1. ex Urceo. in Sawcers. 5. 25. 22. Structor. per Sedilia. or Flagon. aut Pelvim. vel Aquali. he reacheth them to the & porrigit. 14. Mantili. 13. Mappulas. on a Plate. 28. 20. Cochlearia. vel Cantharo. 1 1 wash their Hands abluunt manus out of a Laver. qui propinat Hospitibus. . 12. 8. 2. or Glasses. 3. 14. 19. The Guests being Convivae introducti brought in by the ^(7j/. or ^(7w/. 24. 10. swper Malluvium. and divideth it. 17. 18. 23. Bread. 18. who besides lay qui praetere^ opponunt the Trenchers. 24. 4. with little Forks. ab Hospite. out of a Cruise. Spoons. ^ Tricliniariis. 5. 19. The Carver.. 22.

decidunt down. are braked contunduntur with a wooden Brake. turneth a Wheel. which is a Wharl. 4. Linum purum alligatur 6. where the Skives. 4. 9. and dryed again. Tractatio Lini. 5. Rhombum (girgillum). Fila. then they are hec. separatur. 13. 11. ij. 12. is parted from it. 6. Line and Hemp Linum & Cannabis. Colo. turn carminantur kled with an Iron Heckle. i. which with her left hand quae sinistra pulleth out the Thread. nbi Stupa. et siccata rursum. trahit Filum. in quo Verticillus. 7. 5.The Dressing of Line. Flax is tyed to & Distaff. fall ubi Cortices. and with her right hand dexterd. . the Spinster. 3. upon vel Fusum. 8. i. or a Spindle. 9. where the Tow. 2. The Spool receiveth Volva accipit the Thread. being rated in water. 8. 13. 2. macerata aquis. 10. 7. 3. Frangibulo ligneo. k Netrice. Carmine ferreo. LIX.


which is drawn thence inde deducuntur
upon a Yarn-windle, 14. in Alabrum, 14.
hence either Clews, 15. hinc vel Glomi, 15.
are wound up, glomerantur,
or Hanks, 16. are made. vel Fasciculi, 16. fiunt.

Weavine:. LX. Textura.

The Webster Textor
undoeth the Clews, \. diducit Glomos, 1

into Warp, in Stamen,
and wrappeth it about & circumvolvit
the Beam, 2. Jugo, 2.
and as he sitteth ac sedens
in his Loom, 3. in Textrino, 3.

he treadeth upon the calcat Insilia, 4.

Treddles, 4. with his Feet. pedibus.
Hedivideth the Warp,^. Diducit Stamen, 5.
with Yarn. Liciis,

and throweth the Shuttle, 6. & trajicit Radium, 6.
through, in which is the in quo est Trama,
Woofe,'a.x\& striketh it close. ac densat.

with the Sley, 7. Feetine, 7.
and so maketh atque ita conficit
Linen cloth, 8. Linteum, 8.

So also the Clothier Sic etiam Pannifex
maketh Cloth of Wool. facit Pannum 6 Lana.

Linen Cloths. LXI. Lin tea.

Linnen-webs Linteamina
are bleached in the Sun, i- insolantur, i.
with Water poured on aqud perfusd, z.
them, 2. till they be white. donee candefiant.
Of them the Sempster, 3. Ex iis Sartrix, 3.

soweth Shirts, 4. suit Indusia, 4.
Handkirchers, 5. Muccinia, 5.

Bands, 6. Caps, &c. Collaria, 6. Capitia, &c.

These if they be fouled, Haec, si sordidentur
are washed again lavantur rursum,
by the Laundress, 7. in a Lotrice, 7. aqud,
water, or Lye and Sope. sive Lixivio ac Sapone.

The Taylor, Sartor.

The Taylor, i. cutteth Sartor, 1. discindit
Cloth, 2. with Shears, 3. and Pannum, 2. Forfice, 3.
seweth it together with a consuitque ,<4(r« & J^«7i?
Needle and double thread, 4. duplicate, 4,
Then he presseth the Posted complanat ^w-
Seams with a Pressing-iron, /wraj Ferramento, 5.
5. And thus he maketh Sicque conficit
Coats, 6. Tunicas, 6.

with Plaits, 7. Plicatas, 7.
inwhich the Border, 8. is in quibus infra est ^/V«-
below with Laces, 9. ^r/ff, 8. cum Institis, 9.

Cloaks, 10. Pallia, 10.
with a Ca/^, 1 1. cum Patagio, i. )

and Sleeve Coats, 12. & Togas Manicatas, 1 2.

Doublets, 13. Thoraces, 13.
with Buttons, 14. cum Globulis, 14.
and Ca^^, 15. & Manicis, 15.
Breeches, 16. Caligas, 16. ali-
sometimes with Ribbons, 17. quando cum Lemniscis, 17.
Stockins, 18. Tibialia, 18.
Gloves, 19. Chirothecas, 19.



Muntero Caps, 20. &c. Amiculum, 20. &c.
So the Furrier Sic PelHo
maketh Furred Garments facit Pellicia
of Furs. 6 Pellibus.

The Shoemaker LXIII. Sutor.

The Shoemaker, 1 Sutor, 1.

maketh Slippers, 7. conficit Crepidas (San-
Shoes, 8. dal i a,) 7. Calceos, 8.

(in which is seen (in quibus spectatur
above, the Upper-leather, superne Obstragulum,
beneath J;he Sole, inferne Solea,
and'on both sides etutrinque
the Latchets) Ansa)
Boop, 9. Ocreas, 9.
and ffigh Shoes, 10. et Perones, 10.
oi Leather, 5. e Corio, 5.
(which is cut with a (quod discinditur
Cutting-knife), 6. Scalpro Sutorio, 6.)
by means of an Awl, 2. ope Subulce, 2.
and Lingel, 3. et Fili/zV(z/«', 3.
upon a Last, 4. super Modum, 4.

2.z. . At first they dwelt Primd habitabant in Caves. We have seen Man's food Honjinis victum & ami- and clothing : now his ctum. with a Chip-Ax. 4. 6. remaining. 10. vidimus: sequitur Dwelling followeth. 7. 10. 4. Securi. and maketh Wood-stacks. 9. i. 8. nunc Domicilium ejus. tum etiam in Tentoriis. The Carpenter Faber Lignarius squareth Timber ascit Ascia. which he forceth in quern adigit with a Beetle. i. 3. at the last in Houses.The Carpenter Faber lignarius. Materiem. and then again in Tents. The Woodman Lignator felleth and heweth down sternit & truncat Trees. He cleaveth Knotty Wood Findit Nodosum. demum in Domibus. 3. then in in Specubus. 5. 5. deinde in Booths or Huts. the Boughs. 8. 9 & componit Strues.with an Ax. Arbores. 7. Tabernaculis vel Tuguriis. with a Wedge. Lignum Cuneo. remanentibus Sarmentis. Tudite. 6.

13. 12. Parietes. falleth decidit. down. ubi Scobs. ope Trochlea. 19. 17. i. which the Stone-digger get. & struit Muros. Amussi. Either of Stones Sive 6 Lapidibus. LXV. ii. 17. Faber Murarius. and buildeth Walls. 15. 12. ponit Fundamentum. and unde Assulce. 16. i. Thus he frameth Turn compaginat the Walls together. z. 18. 3. 18. 13. and fasteneth the great & configit trabes pieces with Pins. layeth a Foundation. 3. 14. Faber Murarius.quos Lapidarius teth out of the Quarry. 15. Tignum super Canterios. The Mason. saweth it with a Saw. The Mason. ig. fasteneth it affigit with Cramp-irons. and marketh it out & lineat with a Line. where the Saw-dust. Ansis. . cadunt. eruit in Lapicidina. fall. Clavis trabalibus. & serrat Serrd. 14- by the help of a Fully. Afterwards he lifteth Post elevat the Beam upon Tressels. 16. 2. (io) whence Chips. 11.

(Si) and the Stone-cutter. 4. .

LXVII. or with hands. 9. quae turned by going about it. Vestibulum. is a post. tracto per Trochleas. 1 2. which is est columella. i. The Rorch. 7. hath a Hollow-wheel. 6. r 82 ) But he can do more that Plus autem potest qui pro- Weight laid upon volvit Molem impositam rolleth a Rollers. 12. is before the Door est ante Januam of the House. if it have handles. Vecte. orletteththem down aut demittit in navem. Fistuca. Domus. with a Leaver. is used to fasten adhibetur ad pangendum Riles. DomHs. vel manibus. si habet ansas. Ergata. 5. 7. in which one walking cui inambulans quis draweth weights out of a extrahit pondera navi. versatur circumeundo. 5. 9. 6. 10. Ship. A Rammer. . it is lifted with a Rope adtollitur Fune drawn by Rallies. 10. ir. 8. Sublicas. habet Tympanum.) A Wind-beam. A House. Geranium. into a Ship. Rhalangis (Cylindris. i. 8. A Crane. 11.

in which is the Chapiter. apparent extrinsecus. and the Bolt. 5. & Postes. (&3J The Z>oor hath y^anua habet a Threshold. with a Pavement Pavimento <A square stones. & Fulcra. ulis). Before the House Sub aedibus is a Fore-court. Limen. and the Grates. 25. 19. TVc^^' adhaeret adhere to the Roof. are upon the right hand. 23. covered with Tyles. 28. The Windows. 28. The Hinges. & Superliminare. 3. 9. 10. 14. 10. 19. and a Lintel. 3. & Cocklidia. 16. fulcitum Columnis. Stillicidium. and these upon Rafters. to bear up the walls. 9. the Galleries. Ascenditur in superiores per Stories by Greess. 29. In summo est Tectum. 18. 7. sunt a dextris. fulciendis muris. In the Roof are In Tecto sunt Jettings out. 2. and Pinnacles. hang. 8. 15. appear on the outside. and Winding-stairs. 3. 27. on both sides. 14. 12. 16. 6. 8. are on the left hand. 23. & Basis. the Latch. On the top is thei?(7(7/'. haec Tignis. quae incumbunt Tigillis. and the Base. 13. & Ca^cif/// (clathra). 22. 11. PergulcB. 15. 27. ) They go up into the up. dicilur Subdiale. 4. 21. 26. Meniana. 25. Tessellato. born up with Pillars. 21. FenestrcB. aut Pessulus. and Posts. vel Scandulis. 20. 26. 6. which lie upon Laths. Claustrum. 20. 24. utrinque. . con tectum Lmbricibus {teg- or Shingles. 18. Suggrundia. upon which the Doors. 5. zq. est Cavcedium. 22. z. 7. 17. 24. in quibus Peristylium. the Watertables. the Butteresses. The Eaves. 1 2. & Coronides. a sinistris. a quibus pendent Fores. 11. 17. The place without a Roof Locus sine Tecto is called an open Gallery. 4. contignationes per Scalas. Cardines.

10. 10. where it is forced with ubi urgetur igne. 6. 3. isdrawn out with a Rope. 11. 8. Metallifodina. 7. which being put in Baskets quae imposita Corbibus. i. 7. 12. i. ingrediuntur Puteuni fad- by a Stick. scorsim. profluat out. 11. terram Metallicam. in Ustrinam. 9. with Lanthorns. 2. 4. go into the Grave. ope Machines tractorice. is Scorice. 4. 2. LXVIII. 12. Miners. 6. Metalli fossores. 3. and dig out with a & efFodiunt Ligonc. 9. and is carried & defertur to the Melting-house. extrahitur Fune. Pick. the Oar. sive Gradibus.A Mine. . fire. or by Ladders. the Dross. abjiciuntur thrown aside. 5. Bacillo. that the Metal may run ut Metallum. inx. 5. 8. cum Lucernis. by means of a Ttirn.

Solea. Cart-strakes. &c. 2. Faber ferrarius. . out. He quencheth hot Irons Restinguit cadentia. Catena. . Cardines. 4. 3. imponit Incudi. -and so heateth the Iron : atq. 6. 10. 2. 12. •bloweth the fire inflat ignem with dipair of Bellows. Malleo. ita candefacit Ferrum: And then he taketh it Deinde eximit -outwith the Tongs. Fede. i. Jforse-sAoes. Nails. Locks and Keys. 12. -and striketh it & cudit with an Hammer. 3. Sercecwva Clavibus. 9. 8. 5. 5. ubi Stricturce. 7. exiliunt. Clavi. Ferramenla in Lacu. 10. The Blacksmith Faber Ferrarius. . 8. layeth it upon the Anvile. 4. Plates. where the sparks. i. Folle. "which he bloweth quem adtoUit 'with his Feet. The Blacksmith. 1 1 Canthi. in Ustrina (Fabric^). in his Smithy (or Forge). 6. Hinges. fly off. 7. 1 1 Chains. &c. Forcipe. 9. in a Cool-trough. Lamina. And thus are hammer'd Et sic excuduntur.

The Box-maker. sitting over the Treddle. 15. 7. upon a work-board. 5. &c. LXX. . with a Plain. The Box-maker and the Turner. Planula. sedens in Insili. Glutine & Subscudibus. Mensas. 4. 12. 3. Boards. II. i 8. 4. Tornio. Chests. 12. he in Tabula. little-plain. and maketh Tables. 5. 15. &c.. i. 9. he boreth them thorow perforat (terebrat) with an Augre.\-i. Runcina. 9. & facit Tabulas. 11. fasteneth them together combinat with GlewSiTiA Cramp-irons. turneth with a Throw. The Turner. to. sculpit Cultro. 7. 3. 6. 2. 6. tornat Torno. eth them with a Knife. . Scrinarius & Tornator. maketh them very smooth deplanat yf'itla z. 10. 1 smootheth hewen Boards. carv. . Arcularius. Arcus (Cistas). Terebra. 2 edolat Asseres. 13.

8. in Furno. sedens super J?(7A3!. Patinas. ©f Potter's Clay. Conos. 14. 18. Fidelias. Z»V/j. The Potter. 2. Urceos. 16. 7. maketh /'(?A. Testas. 7. 4. 3. I. 5. Fiz^a testacea. LXXI. Figulas. Pudding-pans. sitting over a Wheel. 16. . &c. similia Toreumata. Figulus. afterwards he baketh them postea excoquit in an <9w«. 12. . Pitchers. rs?) upon a Turner's Bench. and Icunculas. 9. The Potter. Opercula. 2. 11. Puppets. ex Argilld. Lithargyro. 3. 10. 4. 12. & such like Turners Work. Pipkins. 17. 9. 6. 17. &c. Platters. y«^^-f. 18. format Ollas. i. A broken Pot affordeth Fracta OUa dat Pot-sheards. super Scantno Tornatorio. Tripodes. 14. 6. Tops. Bowls. 1 1 and glazeth them & incrustat with White Lead. 8. Globos. 10. 5.

12. 1 1 . is a ^tf//. 14. 10. the Gallery. with adstructo. 5. 7. Stabulum. 9. 13. (which are Area. the Dining Room. 13. 15. Corbes. 1 z. 8. recludun- for keeping them. Camera. Cubiculum. 2. the Kitchen. made fast with a Key. est Solum is the Floor. and Chests. In the Yard. 9. the Stove. such as are the Entry. Hypocaustum. a Stable. Puteus. Sub 7Vf/(?. z. Baskets. 7. 1. are of use for carrying inserviunt rebus things. The Parts of a House. 5. Under the Roof. (Pavimentum). 3.) (quae Clavd. i ut sunt Atrium. Partes Domus A House is divided Domus distinguitur into inner Rooms. In Area. 14. tur) adfervandis illis. transferendis. 8. 1 1. 4. . 6. made by it. a Privy. the jBeci Chamber. LXXII. 4. 6. 10. 15. cum Secessu (Latrina). Canaculum. Penuaria. Ci?//3 the Buttery. . in Conclavia.

Laqueari. Scamna. 9. & Culcitris. 2. (^9) and a Bath. 11. est Cella. 17. 8. 9. Its Utensils are Ejus Utensilia sunt Benches. 1 cum Balnea. . 16. MenscB. Stools. 6. Hypocaustiim. and wainscoted Walls. 17. 5. The Stove with the Bed-room. 5. It is heated Calefit with an Oven. 7. with Tressels. 4. 4. & tabulatis Parietibus. LXXIII. 1. 7. i. Tables. Fornace. 3. Under the House Sub Domo is the Cellar. cum Fulcris. ac Scabellis. 2. and Cushions. Hypocaustum cum Dormitorio. 6. 10. It is enlightened Illuminatur with Windows. 10. The Stove. 8. Fenestris. 1 1 . 6. 3. Footstools. 6'^//«. is beautified ornatur with an Arched Roof .

17. upon a Straw-pad. est sub capile. stratus in Sponda. The Bolster. Tapetes. Cervical. & StraguHs. 21. 13. Thence is water drawn Inde aqua hauritur . and Cover-lids. and they are compassed & circumdantur about with a Brandrith. ing. 14. lest any one fall in. with a Canopy. 1. 1. 20. with Sheets. effodiuntur. 2. i6. 2. Ubi I'ontes deficiunt. 13. There are also Tapestries Appenduntur etiam hanged. 18. ne quisincidat. 19. . LXXIV. Matula. 18. 15. is under ones head. Crepidine. super Stramentum. est Lectus. The Bed is covered Canopeo. 16. 12. A Chamber-pot. 17. 20. in a Sleeping-room. there is a Bed. 15. Putei. 2 1 is for making water in. cum Lo didbus. Wells. Lectus tegitur. (Cubile) 14. Wells. Where Springs are want. in Dormitorio. r9o. 19. est vesicae levandae. For soft lodging Pro levi cubatu. spread on a Bed-sted. iz. are digged. Putei.

vel Catena. 5. 10. \ I . aqud frigidd. Antlid. or a Wheel. idque aut Tollenone. The Bath. In a Bathing-house. with a Handle Manubriato. Balneum. 7. . we wash off the filth abluimus squalores. either sitting in a Tub. 9. or a Rope. aut Cylindro. 6. aut Girgillo. 4. sive sedentes in Labro. 3. aut deinque by a Pu7np. o. or to conclude. 6. 4. &>«M (situlis).or a Windle. 7. 2. LXXV. 3. 4. in Sudatorium. 3. 5 vel Fune. or going up sive conscendentes into the Hot-house. . In Balneario. 9. with Buckets. He that desireth to be Qui cupit lavari wash'd in cold water. i 1 descendit in Fluvium. goeth down nto a River. 1 aut i?»/a (tympano). and that either by a Swipe. ir. . 2. 8. 8. hanging either pendentibus vel Pertica. or a Turn. or a Chain.

and put our feet & imponimus pedes into a Bason. 7. 5. ( 92 ) and we are rubbed & defricamur with a Pumice-stone. Trough. 6. exuimus Vestes. . Pileolo. drawn out of the haustam ex Alveo. )8. 7. Telluvio. 13. The Bath-woman. ministrat aquam Situla. lanceth with a Lancet. Spongid. 8. The Bath-keeper. into which it in quern defluit runneth out oiPipes. 9. 15. 8. and by applying & applicando Cupping-glasses. 6. which he wipeth quem abstergit away with a Spunge. 10. Balneator. iz- 12. Balneatrix. 1 7 Cucurbitas. 5. flesh. he draweth the Blood extrahit Sanguinem betwixt the skin and the subcutaneum. 14. Pumice. we put off our clothes. 14. 15. and are tyed about & praecingimur Castula with an Apron. 1 1 reacheth water in a Bucket. In the Stripping-room. scarificat Scalpro. 1 . h Canalibus. aut Cilicio. 13. . In Apodyterio. 1 . 16. 16. 10. We cover our Head Tegimus caput with a Cap. 17. 9. or a Hair-doth. (Subligari). 18.

'' _. LXXVI. (93 J The Barbers Shop.^_jl". -l^^Jt^^^^ . Tonstrina. I.

to the Manger. 10. 5. (being mixt (Paleis mixtam. ac de- with Chaflf. He winnoweth Oats Ventilat Avenam. 2. 8.) and with them feedeth the cdque pascit equum. or if he apt to bite. Horse. 3. 6. i. . The Stable. Stabularias (Equiso). ut & Fano. Vanno. 4. Vulnera. with a Van. Equile. The Horse-keeper. cleaneth the Stable purgat Stabulum from Dung. 6. aut si mordax he tnaketh him fast constringit with a Muzzle. menta. Fiscella. as also with Hay. 8. (9^) The Chirurgeon cureth Chirurgus curat Wounds. 2.) toria. with a Halter. g. Deinde substernit ^/ra- 7. 5. Then he streweth Litter. He tyeth a Horse. 3. i. a Fimo. 7. 9. LXXVII. 10. Capistro. Alligat Equum. and taken out promptam a Cista Pabula- of a Chest. ad PrcBsepe. 4. under him.

Dials. 4. or a Compass. 15. firmis Clavis haereant. 1 . sheweth by the shadow ostendit umbr^ of the Pin. Panno. 14. . 1 (9S) Afterwards he leadeth Postea ducit him to the Watering-trough. sive in Pariete. fiK Sun-dial. an Calcei ferrei. dimetitur Horas. 12. An Hour-glass. what a Clock it is quota sit Hora . LXXVII. covereth him insternit with an Housing-cloth. i. ad Aquarium. Then he rubbeth him Tum detergit with a Cloth. A Dial Horologium measureth Hours. either on a Wall. to water. 4. sive in Pyxide Magnetica. 2. Horologia. Strigili. 15. aquatum. 14. 1. II. Gausape. 3. 2. iz. 13. 13. combeth him depectit with a Curry-comb. 3. be fast with the JVatls. and looketh upon \i\s Hoofs & inspicit Soleas. Clepsydra. whether the Shoes. Gnomonis. Solarium. .

6. Then either the Bell. 7. 2. 5. by its sound. vel Index extra Hand. without. hour. i. or the a Malleolo. and draweth the rest. 6. circulatione Rotarum. percussd on by the Hammer. i. fluxu Arence. 8. Pictura. the greatest whereof quarum maxima is drawn by a Weight. Pic tor. 7. The Picture. Picturce. olitn aquae. A C/oc^. Pictures. painteth an Image pingit Effigietn . 5. by Nocturnas Horas. by its Circuitione sua motion about sheweth the indicat horam. LXXIX. numbereth also the numerat etiam Hours of the Night. trahitur k Pondere. (96 ) sheweth the four parts of ostendit partes horae qua- an hour by the running of tuor. Automaton. & ornant Conclavia. 2. the turning of the Wheels. The Puinter. heretofore of water. being struck sonitu suo. & trahit caeteras. delight the Eyes oblectant Oculos and adorn Rooms. Turn vel Campana. Sand.

(91 )

with a Pencil, 3.

are provided that Men parantur, ut homines
may see themselves. intueantur seipsos.
Spectacles, 2. Perspicilla, 2.
that he may see better, ut cernat acius
who hath a weak sight. qui habet visum debilem.
Things afar oflf are seen Remota videntur
in a Perspective Glass, 3. per telescopium, 3.

as things near at hand. ut proxima.
A Flea appeareth Pulex, 4.

in a muliplying-glass, 4. in Microscopio apparet
like a little hog. ut porcellus.
The Rays of the Sun, Radii Solis
burn wood accendunt ligna
through a Burning-glass, 5. per Vitrum urens, 5.

The Cooper. LXXXI. Vietor.

The Cooper, i. Vietor, i.
having an Apron, 2, tied am ictus Prcecinctorio, 2.

about him,
maketh Hoops facit' Circulos,
oi Hazel-rods, 3. 6 Virgis Colurnis, 3.
upon a cutting-block, 4. super Sellam incisoriam, 4.
with a Spoke-Shave, 5. Scalpro bimanubriato, 5.

(99 J

and Zags, 6. of Timber,


C 100 /I

twisteth Cords, 2. contorquet Funes, 2.

of Taw, or Hemp, 4. 6 Stupa, 4. vel Cannabi,
(which he wrappeth about quam circumdat
himself) by sibi
the turning of a Wheel, 3. agitatione Rotulce, 3.

Thus are made Sic fiunt,
first Cords, 5. prim 6 Funiculi, 5.

then Ropes, 6. turn Restes, 6.

and at last, Cables, 7. tandem Rudentes, 7.

The Cord-wainer, 8. Lurarius, 8.

cutteth great Thongs, 10. scindit Loramenta, 10.
Bridles, 1 1 Frczna, 11.
Girdles, 12. Cingula, 12.
Sword-belts, 13. Baltheos, 13.
Pouches, 14. Crumenas, 14.
Port-mantles, 15. &c. Hippoperas, 15., &c.
out of a Beast-hide, 9. de r(?r/(7 bubulo, g.

The Traveller. LXXXIII. Viator.

A Traveller, 1. Viator, i.

beareth on his shoulders portat humeris

& Compita. non aeque Tramites.'which way he must go. Callis tritus. . Viatice. Lacernd. sic etiam in the Inn. Funda. vel Marsupium. and ut & fido & facundo as also of a pleasant merry Companion. ubi pernoctat. cannot hold. 16. so do not By-paths. i5. PrcBdones. regiam propter Semitam. 3. 13. Avia. Manu his hand wherewith quo to bear up himself. 7. 13. . in Bulga. ^wA. Let him therefore en. 5. and Cross-ways. for a Foot. 10. He is covered Tegitur with a Cloak. 6. 16. He hath need of Opus habet Provision for the way. as in the way. he lodgeth all Night. 10. 4. 6. way. 2. 17. in Tenet Baculum. so also ut in vid. 8. Comite. 8. -By-ways. . in a Budget. obvios. He holdeth a Staff. 4. places where two ways & Bivia. Let him not forsake the Non deserat Viam High-road. 14. unless it be a nisi sit beaten Path. qu^ sit eundum. 3. 5. 15. where in Diversorio. 12. 1 1 meet. Sciscitet igitur quire of those he meeteth. those things quae non capit which his Satchel. 7. 17. 9. 14. and let him take heed & caveat oi Robbers. ox Pouch. rioi. 2. in Salebras. into uneven-places. se fulciat. 12. 1 1 deceive and lead men aside fallunt & seducunt.

7. Then he putteth to Turn admovet his Spurs. Equum. 6. e. 11. 1 setteth a Saddle. C 102 j The Horse-man. . Cingulo. sinistra. he guideth and holdeth quo flectit.\}a. 6. a Fore. 8. Eques. Ephippium. 7. 2. He layeth a Saddle-cloth. Eques. Calcaria. T The Horse-man. in his left hand. tak.Xh& Bridle-rein. . Frontali.i. & retinet the Horse. also 5- He decketh him with Ornat eum Trappings. 3. 3. Then he getteth upon Deinde insilit in his Horse. 9. and a Crupper.stall. Phaleris. indit pedes into the Stirrops. upon him. Antilena. 12. 10. & Postilena. Freni. putteih his feet Equum. Insternit etiam Dorsuale^ 5. and girdeth it on idque succingit with a Girth. Stapedibus. 4. 8. 9. 11. on his Horse. LXXXIV. 12.o. a Breast-cloth. 2. 4. capessit Lorum (habe- wherewith x\zxa). i. imponit Equo.

20. is called a Wheel. are put. cursim. 19. Vehimur Trahd. hind him. d. 18. 13. 13. z. hang down from the Pum. over Snow and Ice. We are carried on a Sled. Veredarius. dicitur Pabo. 14. barrow. tergo. is carried on Horseback fertur Equo at full Gallop. 1. 15.pendent ex Apice mel of the Saddle. 20. and holdeth him in & coercet with a Musrol. super Nivibus & Glacie. 15. Bulga. A Post. 14. inseruntur. Lacernd revincti. Virgula. his Cloak being tyed be. . i. 18. ( I03 J and setteth him on incitatque with a Switch. i6. quibus Sclopi. LXXXV Vehicula. The Holsters. 16. 17. 2. Carriages. Postomide. Chlamyde. A Carriage with one Vehiculum unirotum. Ephippii. Wheel. •in which the Pistols. 19. 17. The Rider is clad in a Ipse Eques induitur short Coat.

these. birotum. from which come ex quo prodeunt twelve Spokes. Currus.a Wagon. 7. 12. r. The parts of the Wagon Partes Currtls sunt. which is made compositum of six Felloes. . .04. 7. is the1 Modiolus. the Lin-pins. 16. or a Load-wagon. be. 1 1 and Axletree-staves. Sarracum. the Beam. 3. about which the Wheels circa quos y?i?to currunt. est groundfast of the Wheel. and the . are set in a Wagon. imponuntur Currui. The Eing encompasseth Orbile ambit hos. the Neep (or draught. Paxillis. 9. quadrirotum. Hampiers imA Hurdles. 17. vel Plaustrum. praefixis. 10. & totidem Canthis. 9. which is either qui vel a Timber -wagon. 15. are. ing fastened before them. 3. The Nave. 6 sex Absidibus. tree). the Bottom. 5. Then the Axle-trees. 6. 1 1. 6.S/^w. Carrus. run. 14. Jugum. and as many Strakes. with two Wheels. 14. 4. 13. t8. a Cart. Compages. 8. 1 6. 10. & Obicibus. withfourWheels. 3. 18. 4. Corbes & Crates. 17. 12. SpondcB. 15. duodecim Radii.Temo. Turn Axes. Basis Rota. 5. 8.

hanging down from the dependentibus Collar.6. r 105 ) LXXXVI. 5. 5. Scuticd. out of a Grease-pot. Loris vel Catenis. 7. Sellario. g. 2. 3. 6. de Helcio. ad Temonem. joineth a Horse fit to match jungit Parippum. Then he sitteth upon Deinde insidet the Saddle-horse. 7. with a Whip. and guideth them & fiectit with a String. Auriga. ex »(3!j« unguentorio. The Coach-man. with Thongs or Chains. . 10. 1. before him. and stoppeth the wheel & inhibet rotam with a Trigen. 8. 4. 2. rio. i. 10. He greaseth the Axle-tree Ungit Axem with Axle-tree grease Axungid. 4. Carrying to and fro. 8 Funibus. SufBamine. 9. to the Coach-tree. 3. and driveth them that go agit ante se antecessores. Sella- a Saddle-horse. Vectura.

loco Curruum. %iLacticce. And thus the Coach is Et sic aurigatur driven along the Wheel. in a steep descent. which is called qui vocatur a Coach. Others with two Horses. instead of Waggons. Alii Bijugibus. Curru pensili. 13 Carpentum (Pilentum). 16. in praecipiti descensu. r io6. Passing over Waters. Arcerce. Essedo. 11. 14. 18. Transitus Aquariim Lest he that is to pass Trajecturus ilumen ne | over a River should be wet.Horses. 17. duobus Rhedariis. 16. madefiat. 15. per Orbitas. | . II. in a Chariot. ruts. passable. They use Utuntur J'ack. by two Coachmen. 17. Jumentis Clitellariis. thorow Hills that are not per monies invios. portantur ^ duobus Equis. iz. in a Hanging-wagon. are carried by two Horses. Sejugibus. 1 2. 1 5 Horse Liiters. Great Persons 2iTC carry ed Magnates vehuntur with six Horses. 13. Lxxxvn. . 18. 14.

hiculis & Ponticuli. vadatur. receive Water. 9. Pontes. 7. Besides Scullers. ex compactis tignis. or Pole. were invented for Car. i. z. 3. qui with an Oar. 8. or Ferry-boats.excogitati sunt pro Ve- riages. Men are wont also Solent etiam to swim over Waters tranare aquas . or haled aut trahuntur with an Haling-rope. gether for fear they should ne excipiant aquam. 3. 9. are made. 8. 5. I. Natatus. ( ^o^ ) Bridges. it is waded over. 2. habet Vadum. vel Canto. which are rowed fabricantur. pro Peditibus. Flotes. aguntur Remo. If a river Si Flumen have a Foord. 7. Swimming. 4. vel Pontonei. of planks laid close to. Porrd Lintres (Lembi). 6. etiam struuntur Timber pinned together. LXXXVIII. also are made of Rates.ex trabibus consolidatis. and Foot-bridges. 10.^. 10. 4. for Foot. 6.

and by throwing after. vel Biremis. abroad. A Diver. z. in which the Rowers. i. 3. est Uniremis. in qud Remiges. deinde libere jactatu their Hands and Feet. . Urinator. \. 3. A Galley. ut Piscis. LXXXIX. super scirpeum /ascent. head. Manuum Pedumque. 5. Rends. 4. 2. And at last Tandern didicerunt they learned to tread the water. 5. 2. calcare being plunged up to the immersi girdle-stead. aquam. and besides upon blown porrd super inilatas bourn Beast-bladders. i. A Ship furnished Ahi:')s instructa •with Oars. &c. r 'o8 J upon a bundle of flags. Navis actuaria. i. . and carrying cingulo tenus & gestantes their Cloaths upon their Vestes supra caput. 1 is a Barge. &c. can swim also under etiam natare potest the water like a Fish. or a Foyst. 4. sub aqui. 2. Vesicas. 3.

Proreta. 8. 5. stans in Prora. standing in the Fore-castle. sitting at the Stern. Remis. i. sedens in Puppi. 3. tur. tenensque Clavum. ^uhemaLTXiNavigiu/fi. z. row. 2. ad Scalmos. by striking the water remigant pellendo aquan> with the Oars. and the Steers-man. 7. firmatus Funibus. on all sides to the main. 4. undiquead OraslNavis. 4. by the Oar-rings. ( ^°9) sittingon Seats. sed only force of the Winds. not by Oars. and holding the Rudder. 7. Navigium. steer the Vessel. sold vi Ventorum. The Ship-master. In it is a Mast. Navis oneraria. 8. erigi- fastened with Shrowds. In illo Mains. chains. I. A Merchant-ship. but by the non remis. A Ship. 6. . set up. isdriven onward impellitur. 3. 6. XC. considentes pre Transtra. & Gubernator.

the Misen-sail or Poop. Wind standeth. 10. AnchorA. 5. which are spread expanduntur. Aplustre. 8. open. 12. 7. to shew which way the Ventorum Index. to his. . quae these. Passengers walk up and Navigantes deambulant down the Decks.. trajiciuntur. Dolon./f««<z. The Sails are Vela sunt the Main-sail. Signum (vexillum). 16. etiam Maria are passed over. 12. 6. 15. and the Sat'is. 15. Bolide. 9.^. to which the Sail-yards. 14. 6. r no. per Foros. is in the Fore-deck. 1 1 Rostrum. Vela. est in Prora. On the Mast In Malo is the Foretop. 17. cui annectuntur y4. 10. the Trinket. versantur. The Ancient. to the wind. or Fore-sail. in Tabulato. And thus. The Beak. 11. & Versoriis.. 13. 17. 9. i8. 4. est Corbis. . 7. and ad Ventum are hoysed by Bowlings. Artemon.4. is placed in the Stern. ponitur in Puppi.!?. are tied. the Watch-tower oixSxz'&Yiv^ Specula Navis and over the Fore-top & supra Galeam a Vane. The ship is stayed Navis sistitur with an Anchor. & Epidromus. 8. The depth is fathomed Profunditas exploratur with a Plummet. The Sea men run to and Nautae cursitant fro through the Hatches. even Seas Atque ita. 16. sail. 13. 14.

dashed against Rocks. When a Storm. vel tabula. Nor doth the Sheat-an. 3. jacta quidquam adjuvat. 9. ac enatando. Neque hie thor. Quidam evadunt. 6. 6. i Cum Procella. vel Scapha. patiuntur Naufragium. a Mart. the Turn Homines. either on a Plank. ariseth on a sudden. 9. 1. aut incidat light upon Shelves. Part of the Wares. cum mortuis is carried out of the Sea. 7. miserabiliter pereunt. in Brevia (Syrtes). Some escape. 7. and by swimming. 3 or allidatur. And then the men. in littora defer- oupn the Shears. Rudenti Cable. 8. 2. 8. do any good'. 2. lest the Ship should be ne Navis ad Scopulos. contrahunt Vela. 5. being cast with a Sacra anchora. Wares. . If they can not hinder her Si non possunt prohibere they suflFer Ship-wreck. 5. omnia miserably lost. oritur repent^ they strike Sail. 4. or in the Boat. . tur. 4. Ship-wreck Naufragium. Pars Mercium with the dead folks. and all things are Merces.

Operculo. Afterwards Deinde they writ Letters Literas pingebant with a small Reed. Writing. graven and rubbed out rursum vero obliteraban- again with thf^ broad end. We dry a Writing Siccamus Scripturam . CMjus parte cuspidata. tur plana. z. We use a Goose-quill. 10. 8. 1. cujus Caulem. exarabantur literae. i aeneo Stilo. 2. in Calamario. & Pennas rerondimus into a Pennar. subtili Calamo. of which we make temperamus with a Pen-knife. 3. which is stopped quod obstruitur with a Stopple.\muT Anserina Pen- the Stem. Scalpello. . 10. with the sharp end. na. 5. 9. Nos Vi\. 7. 8. 9. in Atratnentario. and we put our Pens. then we dip the Neb turn intingimus Crenam in an Ink-horn. whereof letters were en. 4.- The Ancients writ Veteres scribebant in Tables done over with wax in Tabellis ceratis with a brazen Foitrel. 7. 6. Ars Scriptoria. 4. 6. 5.

13. Chinenses & Indi alii. which was called Papyrus. Tabu/is Faginis. especially praesertim of an Egyptian Shrub. or Leaves. 12. Paper. as also Barks. the Hebrews HebrcBi from the right hand 4 dextr4 towards the left. dextrorsum. XCIIl. And we indeed Et nos quidem write from the left hand scribimus d sinistra towards the right. out of a Sand-box. 3. ans. of 7Vtf« y ut & Libris. 14. aut Foliis. i. . Chartd bibuld. 14. sinistrorsum. Now Paper is in use Nunc Charta est in usu. The Ancients used Veteres utebantur Beech-Boards. Arbusculae ^Egyptiae. 13. \ i ex Theca Pulveraria. 2. Papyrus. ( "3 J with Blotting-paper. from the top down. 2. or Calis-sand vel Arend scriptoria. Arborum . 1. sum. 11. which the Paper-maker quam Chattopoeus 3 . the Chinese and other Indi. cui nomen erat Papyrus. d summo deor- wards. 3. 12.

9. i. 5. he spreadeth into Sheets. twenty Quires a Ream. maketh in a Paper-mill. and ten of these 10.scribitur in Mem- ment. 4. 7. 6. 12. 8. 9. diducit in Plagulas. which being taken up in quod haustum Frames. 6. The Printer hath Typographus habet metal Letters Typos Metallos. inPulmentum contusis. Normulis. and setteth them in the Air exponitque aeri. confic- of Linen rags. . in a large number magno numero dis- put into Boxes. ut siccentur. 10. stamped to Mash.$. 11. horum X. 8. r 'h. tributos per Loculamenta. Twenty-five of these Harum XXV. Printing. a Bale of Paper. XCIV. make a Quire. 7. Typographia. 5. Typotheta. That which is to last Duraturum diu long is written on Parch. Scapi Volumen minus. in mola Papyracea. 5. 12. 1. faciunt Scapum. 1 1 Volumen majus. it k Linteis vetustis.a. XX. that theymay be dryed. The Compositor.. . brana.

taketh them out one by one eximit illos singulatim.) composeth words componit Verba in a Composing-stick. 13. . fiat -4. Prelo. lest they should drop out. ope Cochlearum. 12. and according to the Copy. 6. Atramento itnpressorio by means of Balls. 6. facit to take impression. Gnomone. z. 15. 2.super imponit Chartas pers put in the Frisket. donee Pagina. 14. 12. r "s. has iterum Tabuld compos- 7. hos indit Formce. . 15. 7. . and putteth them under ac subjicit the Press. . be made. inditas Operculo. till and these again in a. & secundum exemplar. 1 1 «preadeth upon it the Pa. Marginibus ferreis. with Coyns. which being put quas subditas under the Spindle. coaretaque eoB in Iron Chases. i o. 3. 9. ne dilabantur. 3. and pressed down with a & impressas £ar. he maketh Suculd. Trochlea. till a Line be made donee versus fiat he putteth these in a Gaily. 10. 14. on the Coffin. . 1 1.) sibi Retinaculo. in Tigello. 8. 4. (which he hath fastened (quod habet praefixum before him in a Visorum. Form. ope Pilarum. 9. imbibere typos. 13. Then the Press-man Turn Impressor beateth it over illinit with Printers Ink. a Page. 8. and he locketh them up itorid.

2. selleth Books vendit Libros in a Booksellers Shop. A Multitude of Books Multitudo Librorum is called a Library. in Bibliopolio. 3. 6. 6. The Books are placed Libri disponuntur on Shelves. The Booksellers Shop. 3. . vocatur Bibliotheca. 2. 5. of which he writeth quorum conscribit a Catalogue. per Repositoria. i Bibliopola. 4. Bibliopolium. xcv. upon a Zf^^. and are laid open for use & exponuntur ad usum. 5. Catalogum. 4. super Fluteum. " ri'^L"m?± The Bookseller. i.

and then foldeth them glutinosd. i. 2. malleat. 8. cutteth off the edges demarginat with a round Knife.j. Chartam Chartae. 4. beatheth with a hammer. deinde together. 5. 3. over dum tergit. maketh them handsome. quod habet duos Cochleas. :glueth them on the back. At this day Hodi^ the Book-binder Compactor bindeth Books. and setteth on Clasps. compingit Libros. whilst he wipeth. tum consuit. 4. efformat. couglutinat dorso.ter. and rolled them up to. convolvebantque eas gether into one Roll. 7. and at last covereth them tandem vestit with Parchment or Leather. 10. 9.The Book-binder. 5. Papers steept in Gum-wa. 10. conprimit Prelo. 2. 6. In times past they Olim agglutinabant glewed Paper to Paper. 3. rotundo Cultro. Membrand vel Corio. & affigit Uncinulos. Bibliopegus. 9. i. 8.chartas maceratas agud . which hath two Screws. presseth them in a Press fi. in unum Volumen. . then stitrheth them up. complicat.

12. 10. 2. Intussunt Folia. 7. either in Duodecimo. sometimes divided with aliquando Columnis. .A Book. 9. vel in Quarto. and Square-bofles. is either in Folio. 2. and Marginal Notes. cum yF. Notis Marginalibus. 4. in Octavo. or Long-wise. duabis Paginis. in Duodecimo. 7. or Strings. 8. quoad exteriorem formanr. n. 3. 5. vel Ligulis. i. vel Linguatus.neis Clausuris. in Octavo. 8. & angularibus Bullis. 10. 6. 4. 6. di- Columns. 11. with two Pages. visa cumq. 9. with Brazen Clasps. 12. 5. 3. XCVII. made to open Side-wise. as to its outward shape. vel Columnatus. 1. est vel in Folia. or in Quarto. Liber_ A Book Liber. Within are Leaves.

& scribunt. 4. sitteth in a Chair. is a Shop in which est OfBcina. 2. in Forms. 4. & negligentes. 7. 8. ille docet. FrcEceptor. Some stand and rehearse Quidam stant. in Subse litis. ad Mensam.and write. hi discunt. sedet in Cathedra. 9. & distinguish'd into Forms. ac gerunt se wantonly and carelessly petulantes. in qui Young Wits are fashion'd Novelli Animi formantur to vertue. 2. Schola. 3. . The Master. they learn. Quidam confabulantur> and behave themselves 10. the Scholars. 8. 5. Schola. 6. 9. memoriae. 7. ipse corrigit Mendas. Discipuli. Some talk together. Some sit Quidam sedent at a Table. 1. and it is ad virtutem. & reci- things committed to tant mandata memory. 5. 6. A School. distinguitur in Classes. Some things Quaedam are writ down before them praescribuntur illis with Chalk on a Table. 10. he mendeth their Faults. Cretd in Tabella. 1. . 3. A School. he teacheth.

1. in Manuale suum. The Study. 3. 12. 2. Feruld (baculo). 1. vel Asterisco. 12. 4. is a placewhere a Student. 7. & exponit super on a Desk. 3. ii. Museum.' sitteth alone. Being to sit up late. & excerpit all the best things out of optima quaeque ex illis them into his own Manual. which being within his quos penes se reach he layeth open up. Liturd. XCIX. 5. deditus Studiis. ad Margiem. and picketh Pluteum. dum lectitat Libros. 7. Lucubraturus. whilst he readeth Books. sedet solus addicted to his Studies. est locus ubi Studiosus. The Study. & Virgd. . apart from Men. 5. and a Rod. in the Margent. or marketh them in notat in illis them with a Dash. 6. 4. 2. or a little Star. secretus ab Hominibus. Museum. ( I20 these are chasiised hi castigantur with a Ferrula. 11. 6. .

inscribitur. Prodiensnoctu he maketh use of a Lan. vXxXxxr Lanterna. before the Candle> 10. Grammar.thorn. 1. 8. I Grammatica. . elevat Lychnum {Canelam). 1 1 cat Umbraculum. complicatur. 1. 9. 13. writ upon. which is snuflFed with Snuf. . Artes Sermones. 1 and sealed. Arts belonging to Speech. in Candelabra. 9.qui emungitur Emunctorio.. ante Lynchum collo- he placeth a Screen. on a Candlestick. 12. up. 14. 8. 16. Going abroad by night. 15. 14. 11. 16. 10. vel Face. nam Candela sebacea eth and smoaketh. 15. opulentioresutuntur Cereo for a Tallow-candle slink. . (121 J he setteth a Candle. ne hebe- not hurt his eye-sight tet oculorum acietn richer Persons use a Taper. is wrapped Epistola. A Letter. fcetet & fugimat. which is green. fers. & obsignatur. or a Torch. . that it may quod viride est. 12. 3.

Pig mentis. Adagia (proverbia) Apothegms. 13. doth as it were paint. and so singeth alone. i o. Instrumentis Musicis. Orationis. componit Melodias. or by Voice. versatur circa Literas. 15. 6. 2. ligatam orationem. ut sunt Figurce. 7. atque ita cantat sola or in Consort. vel Concentu (Symphonia). 12. and teacheth how verba. Poesis. Rhetorick. Similia. Apothegmata. Musica. \ 3. Musick. 10. rudem formam.- Elegancies.. 5. 15.. 3. 9. Notis. 2. distinguere (inter- rightly. Hierogylphicks. and so making of Prose atque ita. pingit. write. isconversant about Z*//if«. 6. 5. docetqueelo- to utter. put to.i. 11. 9. gathereth these Flowers of colligit hds Flores Speech. 4. Words. pungere) eas recte. with pricks. or aut voce aut Musical Instruments. . 7. of which it maketh ex quibus componit Voces. quibus aptat verba. faciens k prosa a Poem. Carmina & Hymnos (Odas^ and is therefore crowned ac propterea coronatur with a Laurel. quasi a rude form. Hieroglyphica. 14. 4. Sententice (Gnomae) Similies. 12. Sentences. constru- gether and part them ere. of Speech with Oratory Sermon is Oratoriis Flourishes. Rhetorica.qui. scribere. 14. to which it setteth words. 8. (s'c. setteth Tunes. ii. Adagies. Lauru. Gr-c. in Co railam. such as are Figures. 8. EleganticB. Poetry. and tieth them as it were & colligat quasi into a little Garland. itmaketh several sorts of componi varia Verses and Odes. r 122.

. ; . ;

Musical Instruments. CI. Instrumenta miisica-

Musical Instruments are Musica instrumenta sunt
those which make a sound: quae edunt vocem :

First, Primo,
when they are beaten upon, cum pulsantur,
as a Cymbal, i. with a Pestil, ut Cymbalum, 1. Pistillo,
a little Bell, 2. TintinTiabulum, z.
with an Iron pellet within intus Globulo ferreo,

or Rattle, 3. Crepitaculum, 3.
by tossing it about: circumversando
a Jews-Trump, 4. Crembalum, 4.
being put to the mouth, ori admotum,
with the fingers; Digito
a Drum, 5 Tympanum, 5.
and a Kettle, 6. & Ahenum, 6.
with a Drum-stick, 7. Claviculd, 7.

as also the Dulcimer, 8. ut & Sambuca, 8.
with the Shepherds-harp, 9. cum Organo pastoritio, 9.

and the Tymbrel, 10. & Sistrum (Crotalum), 10.

Secondly, Secundo,
upon which strings are in quibus Chordm
stretched,and struck upon, intenduntur & plectuntur
as the Psaltery, 11. ut Nablium, 1 1


( ^H )

and the Virginals, 12. cum Clavircordio, 12.
with both hands; utrdque manu
the Lute, 13. Testudo (Chelys), 13.
(in which is the Neck, 14. (inquA 'jpugum, 14.
the Belly, 15, Magadium, 15.
the Pegs, 16. & Verticilli, 16.

by which the Strings, 17. quibus Nervi, 17.
are stretched intenduntur
upon the Bridge, 18.) super Ponticulam, 18.)
the Cittern, 19. & Cythara, ig.
with the right hand only, Dexterd tantum,
the Vial, 20. Pandura, 20.
with a Bow, 21, Plectro, 21.
and the Harp, 23. & Lyra, 23.
with a Wheel within, intus rotd,
which is turned about: quae versatur :

the Stops, 22. Dimensiones, 22.
in every one are touched in singulis tanguntur
with the left hand. sinistra.
At last, Tandem
those which are blown, quae inflantur,
as with the mouth, ut Ore,
the Flute, 24. Fistula {Tibia), 24.
the Shawm, 25. Gingras, 25.
the Bag-pipe, 26. Tibia utricularis, 26.
the Cornet, 27. Lituus, 27.
the Trumpet, 28, 29. Tuba, 28. Buccina, 29.
or with Bellows, vel Follibus, ul
as z. pair of Organs, 30. Organum pneumaticum, 30.

Philosophy Philosophia.

The Naturalist, i. Physicus, 1.

vieweth all the works of speculatur omnia Dei
God in the World. Opera in Mundo.
The Supertiaturalist, 2. Metaphysicus, 2.

searches out the Causes perscrutatur Causas,
and Effects of things. & rerum Effecta.
The Arithmetician, Arithmeticus
reckoneth numbers, computat numeros,
by adding, subtracting, addendo, subtrahendo,
multiplying and dividing; multiplicando, dividendo;.
and that either by Cyphers, idque vel Cyphris, 3.

3. on a Slate, in Palimocesto,
or by Counters, 4. vel Calculis, 4.

upon a Desk. super Abacum.
Country people reckon, 5. Rustici numerant, 5.

vixih. figures of tens,X. Decussibus, X.
and figures of five, V. & Quincuncibus, V.
by twelves, fifteens, per Duodenas, QuindenaSy
and threescores. & Sexagenas.

. . .

Geometry. Geometria.

A Geometrician Geometra
measureth the height of metitur Altitudinem
a Tower, i ,2. . . . Turris, 1 .... 2.
or the distance aut distantiam
oi places, 3 ... .4. Locorum, 3 .... 4.
either with a Quadrant, 5. sive Quadrante, 5.
or a J^acob's-staff, 6. sive Radio, 6.
He maketh out the Designat
Figures of things, Figuras rerum
with Lines, 7. Lineis, 7,
Angles, 8. Angulis, 8.

and Circles, 9. & Circu^it, 9.
by a Rule, 1 o. ad Regulam, 10.

a Square, 1 1 Normam. 1 1

and a ^a/> of Compasses, 1 2 & Circinum, 12.

Out of these arise Ex his oriuntur
an Oval, 13. Cylindrus, 13.
a Triangle, 14. Trigonus 14.
a Quadrangle^ 15. Tetragonus, 15.
and other figures. & aliae figurae.

XXI. There are reckoned above Stellarum fixarum a thousand fixed Stars . 3. -Astrology Astrologia the EflFects of thera. The Pole-stars. in the terrce. Meridionalium. ( 127 J The Celestial Sphere. towards the South. space of XXIV. eorum Effectus. utrinque. The Globe of Heaven Globus Cosli is turned about upon an volvitur Axle-tree. but of Constellations Siderum verd towards the North. Astronomy considereth Astronomia considerat the motion of the Stars. 4. 2. super Axem. Arcticus. about the Globe of the circa globum £arth. the Antarctick. 4. Septentrionarium. Stellce polares. spacio XXIV. \. 3. 'Y\i& Heaven is full of Cesium est Stars every where. nutnerantur plus mille . CIV. motus Astrorum. XXI. Stellatum undique. . horarum. Sphera cselestis. XVI. Antarcticus. the Arclick. 2. hours. or Pole. conclude the Axle-tree finiunt Axem at both ends. XVI. i.

X Aquarius. 14. . Taurus. Polares. (of the Summer. and the two & duo Polar Circles. ^ Scorpius. "6 2B Cancer. 1 3 TV. H Pisces.i i.t. ni Scorpius. quodlibet graduum. Q Leo. . 13. V3 Capricor. XXX. M. the duo Coluri. . . ( 128 Add to these the XII. whose way is a circle in quorum via est Circulvs^ the middle of the Zodiack. called the Eclipticli. the ^Equator. alter yEquinoxiorum. 5. \3 Capricorn. . Q Leo. one of the Eqtiinocts. X Aquarius.x Solsticiorum. . 11. 8. — Sagittarius. 12. (of the Spring ( Verni. the Tropick of Capricorn. 7. XII. quas vocant Planetas. 9. when the © entreth into f quando © ingreditur T. of the Winter Hyberni. 9. 1 5. Under this move the Sub hoc cursitant seven Wandring-stars StellcB err antes VII. 6. 5. {^stivi. K Pisces. 15. signs of the Zodiaque. a\\. n Gem. Meridianus. Horizon. T Aries. when it entreth in =^) quando ingreditur ===) the other of the Solstices.. Adde Signa. Capricorni. every one XXX.. the Meridian. decrees. 6. whose names are T Aries quorum nomina sunt 8 Taurus. thetwo Colures. # Sagittarius. 1 4 . Other Circles are Alii Circuli sunt the Horizon. as Cancer. the Tropick of Cancer. Equator.. n Gemini. when it entreth into V3) quando ingreditur M3) the Tropicks. which they call Planets. when the ® entreth into as quando © ingreditur as. duo Tropici. in medio Zodiaci. Autumnal Autumnalis. Zodiaci. \o. dictus Ecliptica. iTK Virgo^ === Libra. Virgo. 12. t Libra. Cancri. 7.. . 10. 8. Tr.


( "9 )

The Aspects of the Planets.

Planetarum Aspectus.
The Moon Luna
runneth through the Zodt- percurrit Zodiacum
ack every Month. singulis Mensibus.
The Sun, q in a Year. Sol, C Anno.
Mercury, ?5 and Venus, 9 Mercurius, !5 & Venus, S

about the Sun, the one circa Solem, ilia
in a hundred and fifteen, CXV.,
the other in 585 days. hsec DLXXXV. Diebus.
Mars, 3 in two years Mars, i Biennio;
y^upiter, U yupiter, n
in almost twelve; ferS duodecim ;

Saturn, ^ Saturnus, ^
in thirty years. triginta annis.
Hereupon they meet va- Hinc conveniunt vari6
riously among themselves, inter se
and have mutual Aspects & se mutuo
one towards another. adspiciunt.


( ^30 J

As here the © and are Ut hie sunt, ©& 5
in Conjunction. in Conjunctione,
O and Moon in Opposition, O and Z««a in Oppositione,
O and ^ in a Trine Aspect, O & ^ in Trigono,
O and y in a Quartile, © & ^ in Quadratura,
O and 4 in a Sextile. © & « in Sextili.
The Apparitions of the Moon.

Phases Lunae.
The Moon shineth Luna, lucet
not by her own Light non sua propria Luce,
but that which is bor- sed mutuatft
rowed of the Sun. a Sole.
For the one half of it Nam altera ejus medie-
is always enlightned, the tas semper illuminatur,
other remaineth darkish. altera manet caliginosa.
Hereupon we see it in Hinc videmus,
Conjunction with the Sun,\. in Conjunctione So/is, 1.

to be obscure, almost none obscuram, imo nuUam
at all ; in Opposition, 5. in Oppositione, 5.

. .

whole and clear, totam & lucidam,
{and we call it (& vocamus
the Full Moon j) Plenilunium )
sometimes in the half, alias dimidiam,
(and we call it thePrtme, 3 {& dicimus Primam, 3.
and last Quarter, 7.) & ultimam Quadrant, 7.)
Otherwiseitwaxeth,2. 4. . Caeteroqui crescit, 2. .4.
or waneth, 6. 8.. . aut decrescit, 6. . . .8.
and is said to be horned, & Yocatwr /alca fa,
or more than half round. vel gibbosa.

The Eclipses. CVI. Eclipses.

The Sun Sol
isthe fountain of light, est fons Lucis,
inlightning all things, illuminans omnia;
but the Earth, 1 sed Terra, i.
and the Moon, z. & Luna, 2.
being shady bodies, are not Corpora opaca, non
pierced with its rays, for penetrantur ejus radiis,
they cast a shadow upon nam jaciunt umbram
the place just over against in locum oppositum.
Therefore, Ideo
when the Moon lighteth cum Luna incidit

r '3*;
into the shadow of the in umbram
Earth, 2. it is darkened, Terrcs, 2. obscuratur
which we call an Eclipse, quod vocamus Eclipsin
or defect. (deliquium) Lunce.
But when xh^Moon run- Cum vero Luna currit
neth betwixt the Sun inter Solent
and the Earth, 3. & Terram, 3.
it covereth it with its obtegit ilium umbr4 su&;
shadolv; and this we call & hoc vocamus
the Eclipse of the Sun, Eclipsin Soils,
because it taketh from us quia adimit nobis
the sight of the Sun, prospectum Soils,
and its light; & lucem ejus;
neither doth the Sun for nee tamen Sol
all that suffer any thing, patitur aliquid,
but the Earth. sed Terra.

The terrestial Sphere.

Sphera terrestris.
The Earth round, and
is Terra est rotunda,
therefore to be represented fingenda igitur
by two Hemispheres, a . . b. duobus Hemispheriis, a . . b.
The Circuit of it Ambitus ejus

the Persian Sea. frigidx. 2. It is Distribuitur in Zonas V. Erythraum. 7. compared with the World. ambit earn it about.) vel 2 1600 Milliarium) and yet it is but a prick. by Parallels. Sea. 7. 9.and five Seas wash & Maria V. Longitudinem ejus tude of it by Climates.. Zones.the Mediterranean Sea. and the Latitude Latitudinem. . Mediterraneum. 3. The Ocean. 6. Caspium. and the Caspian Sea. . . Sphera terrestris. b The terrestial Sphere. 8... divided into V. lineis Parallelis. 5. perfundunt it. Milliaria Anglica or 21600 Miles..9. & tamen est punctum. the Red Balticum.. the Baltick Sea. 3. i dimetiuntur Climatibus. 6. i. They measure Longi.9. whereof the II. . compasseth Oceanus. 8. 4. 2. 5. coUata cum orbe. (whereof every one maketh (quorum quisque facit 60 English Miles LX. quarum Aw^e. 4. whereof it is the Centre. Persicum. 9. frigid ones. cujus Centrum est. ( 133 J is 360 degrees estgraduum CCCLX. CVII.

12. . this of ours. & Africam. quae subdi- subdivided into Europe. 16 16. Europa. habitantur. which is nostram.i^.) sunt Antipodes nobis. 10 lov . 13. The chief Kingdoms of j In Europd nostrd Europe. habitable. Infinite Islands Infinitae Insula float in the Seas. & Torrida. are I sunt Regna primaria. 14. lo duae Temperatce. Besides it is divided Ceterum divisa est into three Continents. ir. adhuc incognitam. have the days 18. America. CVIII. . in tres Continentes . 16 16. ( '34. . natant in maribus. in Americam. & in Terram Australem. Asia. Noctes semestrales. They that dwell underthe Habitantes sub Arcto. 15. . Temperate ones.\%. 17. yet unknown.) and the South Land. are uninhabitable sunt inhabitabiles the II. . Northpole. . lo. . viditur in Europam. 17 . 15. habent Dies and nights 6 months long. 14. Asiam. 1 7 1 7. Europe. 12. (whose Inhabitants are (cujus incolae Antipodes to us. II. and the Torrid one. Africa.

Podolia. 21. 24. Dacia. 20. Croatia. Lituania. Lisland. 4. . Croatia. 12. Lituania. 25. Podolia. 11. Finnia. Scotia. Swethland. Hibernia. Tartary. Prussia. 27. 8. Denmark. 15. 24. Borussia. Sclavonia. Greece. 7. 15. . and Russia. 23. Muscovia. Spain. r 135. Italia. Thrace. Norway. 17. 1 1 Sclavonia. 13. 16. Bohemia. Polonia. 1. Tartaria. Dacia. 5. Ireland. Anglia (Britania). Poland. 12. 2. 9. 10. 18. Germany. Hispi Jiania. 21. Muscovy. Thracia. z6. Norvegia. Germania. GrcRcia. 22. 9. 8. Belgium. 4. 25. 27. 28. Hungaria. Bohemia. Lapland. 6. 13. Italy. 28. 23. 14. Scotland. 1. Livonia. 14. 5. 7. Dania. Gallia. Russia. 22. 26. England. 17. The Netherlands. 6. Suecia. zo. France. 19. 3. 3. Lappia. 19. 16. Finland. Hungary. 18. 2. 10.

is turpis & prseceps. latum. Ethica. Adverte juvenis. 3. but the End. . 8. Vita haec est via. 7. follow whither virtuti sequere quS viA . Aditus speciosus. linque sinistram. 1. Litterae Pitkagoricce Y. dextro. sed Exitus. on the right angustum. that belongs to Vice. hie Virtutis. 6. though it be thorny. leave the left hand way. no way is unpassible to nulla via invia vertue. est this to Vertue. ille Vitii. turn from Vice aversare Vitium the Entrance. ways. 8. imitate Hercules : imitare Herculem. is fair. like simile Pythagoras's Letter Y. 7. 2. ugly and steep down. 5. . 2. Go on the right hand. Mind. broad. 3. Moral Philosophy. 4. Dextera ingredere. 4. on the left hand track sinistro tramite narrow. i. or ^ place divided into two sive Bivium. vertue leadeth ducit virtus . . 5. utut spinosa. 6. J!!' This Life is a way. Young Man. .

t6s ne praeceps fias. Prudentia. and rectum tramitem. Prudentia. 12. 10. to the Tower of honour. to stately palaces. Take heed thou do not Cave excedas go too much on the right ad dextram. 15. of Affection. deficias ad sinistram. 14. but go onwards con. naberis. and thou shalt be finem. Bridle in. 9. II. 10. 13. ibis tutissimus. ex. AflFec- thou fall'down headlong. & coro- crown'd. Prudence. Prudence. 1. 15. Keep the middle Tene medium & and straight /aM. in an ass-like sluggishness. the wild Compesce freno. looketh upon all things circumspectat omnia . See thou dost not go Cave amiss on the left hand. through narronv places per angusta. persevere to the pertende ad end. 9. ad Arcem honoris. 12. segnitie asinind. r 137. thou shalt go very safe. 1. lest equum ferocem. hand. Horse. sed progredere constanter stantly. ad augusta. 14. 11. 13.

Fine prospecto. to her Actions. Utilem. alata. 7. Having foreseen the End. as into a Looking-glass. doth quickly slip away. or the End. si fieri potest. 3. sed vertice calva. anything should hinder. 10. ^ prospicit. and moreover adhaec having wings. She proposeth Actionibus sui's an Honest. and seeth before her. 11. for fear she should vide) ne impingat stumble or go amiss. she looketh out Means. ceu Viam. 6. 8. as a Serpent. . 9. Jucundum. eamque captat. aut aberret. things to come. ut Serpens. tanquam in Speculum. 2. & quid restet agendum. 7. what remainethtobedone. 1 2. 5. ne quid impediat. 3. 9. seu Finem. and easie. Attendit Occasioni. 10. ty. (which having (quae a bushy fore-head. if it may be done. aut thinketh nothing in vain. 6. Honestum. Profitable and praefigit Scopum. She watcheth Opportuni. Respicit. simulque. cogitat nihil incassum. but such as are certain sed certa & facilia. and being bald-pated. which leadeth to the End. She goeth on her way In vidpergit cautS (pro- warily.) facile elabitur) and catcheth it. or agitque. She looks backwards. Fronte Capillata. to things past ad prceterita . 5. and quid egerit. 11. Futura. speaketh. as a Way. ( '38. a Pleasant End. . and so she perceiveth atque ita perspicit what she hath done. 8. and doeth. as with a Perspective-glass. quae ducit ad finem. tanquam Telescopic. dispicit Media. 4. 4. lest quAm plura. and fewer pauciora potius rather than more. 1 2. loquitur. 2. withal.

or make holidays. as & comportat. Sedulitas. ut Ignavus. z. 7. and carrieth together. whom Want. 2. 3. Sedulitas. 4. . 4. ut ilia. omnium rerum Copiam. is always at work. 5. incepta alacriter fully. qui ingeminat . ut Formica. for herself. cantat cantilenam Corvi. i. 3. quos Inopia. ferias agit. \. aut as the Sluggard. fugit Ignaviam. do. bours. sibi. . She pursueth what things Urget shehath undertaken chear. the morrow. Store of all things. 5. dormit. nor doth she nee sing the Crow's song. semper est in opere. and the Grashopper. avoideth Sloth. which saith over and over. Diligence. she doth. tandem premit. at the last overtaketh.even to the end ad finem usque she putteth nothing ofiFtill procrastinat nihil. She doth not always Non semper sleep. 7. loveth la. & Cicada. Diligence. 6. 6. like the Pismire. amat labores.

2. 1. which carry honey qui congerunt mel from divers Flowers. redit eth again to her Business. g. 8. into their Ifive. she fall. A diligent Scholar Diligens Discipulus. and restraineth the desire. Temperance. ad Negotia. but being refreshed with sed recreata Quiete. i. lo. Temperance. (ho) Cras. Cras. 3. 10. After labours undergone. CXII. that she may not use ne adsuescat her self to Idleness. Post labores and ended. 8. Cras. quiescit. & continet cupidinem. . in Alveare suum.Otio. is like Bees. as with a Bridle. she resteth her self. 3. 2. 9. Rest. Temperantia. exantlatos. ex variis Floribus. ceu Freno. & lassata. prescribeth a mean praescribit modum to meat and drink. similis est Apibus. being even wearied. Cras. Temperantia. Cibo & Potui.

in kissing. 9. 5. ] Fortitudo. 7. 6. 6. osculando (basiando). & tripudiando. and babble. | impavida est in adversis. inter Fornicatores. CXIII. Fortitude. 10. Fortitude. . 10. 1. they spue. and so moderateth all & sic moderatur omnia things. 1. palpando. and Whores. touching. . oritur Lascivia from this a lewd Life ex hdc Vita libidinosa amongst Whoremasters. 4. lest any thing too ne quid much be done. Revellers Heluones (ganeones) are made drunk. ructant (vomunt). they stumble. 5. embracing. amplexando. 8. inebriantur. From Drunkenness E Crapula proceedeth Lasciviousness . & Scorta. Fortitudo. titubant. and dancing. ri4i. 4. . 7. is undaunted in adversity. 8. nimis fiat. 9. & rixantur.

( H^) and bold as a Lion. but . z.

meekly. debacchatur. 7. the impatient person. Contra. obmurmurat ut Canis. Deo supplicat. 3. 10. ulam Dei. 8. suflFering evils. humiliter like a Lamb. vindicare injurias. & Injurias. and becometh his own & fit Murtherer. 5. 4. in seipsum. Jmpatiens. waileth. weeping. and yet doth no good & tamen nil proficit at the last he despaireth. tandem desperat. sperans meliora. ut Agnus. 9. 13. . and expecteth the Sun. 14. and hoping better things. tanquam paternam fer- ment of God. . grumbleth like a Dog. lamenteth. 11. . (ut Navis. 7. and Wrongs. 12. Being full of rage he de. post Nubila. illacrymando. 14. & expectat Phxbum. 11. Autochir. tossed by waves in the Sea) fluctuans mari) she prayeth to God. AnchorCB. after cloudy weather. r 143. (as a Ship. rageth against himself 12. 5. On the contrary. 10. as the Fatherly chastise. In the meanwhile she Interim leaneth upon the Anchor innititur Spei of Hope. 3. 4. Furibundus cupit sireth to revenge wrongs. 13. 8. 9. 6. plorat. ferens mala. lamentatur. 6. .

teasty. wishing well on both parts. 5. as that of Turtle-doves. Man.'unpleasant. 3. 4. Men are made Homines facti sunt for one another's good . 5. Ore. sunt hateful. ad mutua commoda . 4. Be thou sweet and lovely Sis suavis & amabilis in thy Countenance. . sic amaberis and there will be & fiat a mutual Friendship. Froward Men are Morosi homines. therefore let them ho kind. z. ergd sint humani. and concors. gentle. gentle and civil comis & urbanus in thy Behaviour d^xd. I. i. hearty. afifable and true spoken affabilis & verax. with thy Mouth. 2. ners. 3. affectionate and candid candens & candidus in thy Heart. . & benevola utrinque. Humanity Humanitas.Gestu ac Moribus. 6. torvi. Corde. ceu Turturum. mansueta. Sic ama. mutua Atnicitia. So love. illepidi. Vultu. and so shalt thou be loved. odiosi. 6.

angry. . y^ustice. CXVI. 8. 4. wishing ill to others. 1. cruel. Justitia. . 7. confligunt Duelle. pineth away her self. hereupon hinc they fight in a Duel. . iracundi. Envy. 3. Justice. claudens aurem sinistram. 9. 10. 7. 3. 2. conficit seipsam. themselves. 10. ac implacabiles. crudeles. nam ought to be immoveable decet esse immobilis with hood-winked eyes. 2. than Men) qudm homines) and such as fall out among & inter se discordes. and implacable. 4. 1. for she in lapide quadrato. (rather Wolves and Lions. . sedens on a square stone. obvelatis oculis. L . 9. contentiosi. is painted. r Hs ) contentious. sitting pingitur. male cupiendo aliis. 'yustitia. that she may not respect ad non respiciendum persons personas stopping the left ear. 8. (magis Lupi & Leones. Invidia.

be restored reddantur let no man \i& pillaged. in the right Scale. Such things as these are Talio prohlbentur. and in the left. 5. PrcBtnia imposita. ceu Calcaribus. . 11. of Deserts. and so good Men atque ita boni incitantur are incited to virtue. or hurt. . were with Spurs. and that which is lent. Pactis & Promissis. to be reserved reservandam for the other party alteri parti Holding in her right Tenens dextri Hand a Sword. In Bargains. aut Icedatur. 9. forbidden in God's ^th. :. candidd agatur let them stand to their stetur Covenants and Promises . another. Sinistrce. 5. Merita. Praeterea. 10. 8. and Pmcepto. 6. : . a pair of Balances. 1 Cruce ac Rotd. to punish ad puniendum and restrain evil men . 9. 1 3.cujus dextrce Lanci. 8. & Frcenum. 6. nemo expiletur. 7. and quinto & septimo Dei jth. : : r 146. as it ad virtutem. 10. where. are made even one with sibi invicem exequantur. & deservedly punish'd on the merito puniuntur Gallows and the Wheel. to keep. 7. let that which is given one Depositum. Cammandment. 12. 13. Justitiae. Stateram. 12. and a Bridle. Besides. let Men deal candidly. Gladium. 14. let every one have his own: suum cuique tribuatur these are the precepts of hsec sunt prsecepta Justice. 4. & Mutuum. Rewards being put. 1 1 In Contractibus. & coercendum malos.

& not the Owner. & insatiabilis. 6. Liberalitas. 3. not opes. these with a chearful coun. i. sed Custos bonorum suor- and being unsatiable. as the covet. 3. um. doth. 6. nutrit. non est Possessor but the Keeper of his goods. and enricheth. nourisheth. who hath. Unguibus suis. Egenis. non her self to it. 9. 10. 8. . keepeth a mean about servat modum circa Miches. with his Nails. 2. 5. & Manu alatd. 1. to her self. and a winged hand. quas honest^ seeketh. ditat. 7. semper corradit. Vultu hilari. always scrapeth together. Liberality. 7. 4. 4. 5. and is ut habeat. that he may have. 8. She submitteth her Subjicit wealth. 10. which she honestly Divitias. qui habet. 9.Liberality. se illis. ut Avarus. Hos vestit. 2. sibi. ous man. tenance. that she may have quaerit ut habeat somewhat to bestow on quod largiatur them that want. She cloatheth. Liberalitas.

for mutual in Paradiso. aut Arte & Scientid. ut semper habeat. or a Trade and Science. . conjugium initurus. Society betwixt Man and Wife. . generis humani. hoarding up. A young man (a single man) Vir Juvenis {Coelebs) being to be married. aut Opibus. and at the last wanteth. and the Propagatiofi adjutorium. Marriage Matrimonium was appointed by God institutum est a Deo in Paradise. Moreover he spareth Sed & parcit and keepeth. ac tandem eget. Societas Conjugalis. & adservat. 1 1 that he may always have. 12. But the Prodigal.^ propagationem of mankind. CXVIII. 1 1 occludendo. ben6 parta. . ad mutuum help. At Frodigus. ( 148. should be furnished instructus sit either with Wealth. 12. badly spendeth thingjs malS disperdit well gotten.

2. vel apud Tutores. 8. Virginem Nubilem. hdc mortud ille fit cometh a Widower. & Honestatis. groom. 7.z. ultrd ci- to another. k Sacerdote.Maid\}a. him. 2. 4. Pronubos. ubi copulantur gether by the Priest. ubi theless a greater Regard tamen major ratio is to be had of Virtue. 6. he doth not Posthaec. & Matrem. for her as a Woer. 5. J that he may be able ut possit to maintain a Family. fitSponsus. troque. per as help to make the match. but entreateth sed ambit. . fiuntque Sponsalia. apud Patrem. Then he chooseth himself Deinde eligit sibi . which may serve quae sit for getting a living. and the Contract \s made. quam adamat . by such & Cognatos. 5. is written. habenda Virtutis and Honesty. •closely. 9. or Kinsfolks. and an Instrument of Dow. sustentare Familiam. ut Procus. and then the Mother. when she is dead he be. & ipsa Sponsa. 4. he becometh \hG Bride. never. and she Xh^ Bride. & scribitur Instrumentum ry. & Annulis Nuptialibus. 3 When she is espous'd to E4 sibi desponsd. . . Dotale. Viduus. At the last Tandem the Wedding is made. than of Beauty or Portion. invitatis testibus. r Hg. then they feast with the turn epulantur cum witnesses that are invited. 1. d. (or a Widow) (aut Viduani) whom he loveth . 7. Maritus & Uxor. 8. qu^m Formce aut Dotis. Afterwards. After this they are called Abhinc dicuntur Husband and Wife. and Wedding-rings. 3. first to the Father. 9. non clam des- betroth her to himself pondet sibi eam. i. one datis Manibus. de pane lucrando. fiunt Nuptice where they are joined to.2X \s Marriageable. or the Guardians. giving their Hands.

5. 10. 7. Arbor Consanguinitatis. i. 6. 8. Atavus. Avus. the great great Grandfather. & Abavia. 8. the Grandfather. and the Mother & Mater (the Mother-in-law). there touch a Man. Abavus. z. ihe great great Grand- mother's Mother. and the Grandmother. 1 CXIX. 5. 7. & ^wVz. 10. & Proavia. the great great Grand- father's Father. and the Great Grandmother. 3. {Vitrieus). . the Great Grandfather. II. the ^r^a^ ^ri?a:/ Grandmother. 9. 4. & Atavia. /« Linea ascendenti. the Father Pater (the Father-in-lanv). Proavus. i Consanguinitate attingunt^ in Lineal Ascent.\2. The Tree of Consanguinity. 4. 1 . {Noverca)'^. 6. In Consanguinity Hominem. 9.

In Linea descendenti. 14. 34. 22. the Son {the son-in-law). 30. & Trineptis. & 6'(7ror. 29. 35. 36. 8. r 151 ) the great great Grand. 3 1 the Brother. the Nephews Daughter. & Matertera. ^^.in. 15. 36. the Nephew. . 13. 3 1 thers side. 23. Nepos. 26. Atnepos. Ulteriores dicuntur Those beyond these are Posteri. 19. 35. 23. 17. and Pronepos. the Nephews Son. 27 . the Nephews Nephews Son. 14. . . & Proneptis. the Neeces Neeces Neece. 27. . the Brothers Son. Filius {Privignus).Trinepos. 30. 28.. {the & Filia {Privigna). Tritavus. 25. . the Neeces Neeces & Atneptis. 13. Sobrinus. the Nephews Nephew. . 16. 26. 1& Neptis. side. In a Collateral Line are In Linea Collaterali the Uncle by the Fathers sunt Patruus. 27. 2 1 Abnepos. c&lled Posterity. & Abneptis. 27. 1. and the Neece. and the Aunt by the Fathers & Amita. 24. Majores. 17. the great great Grand. 25. . ^2. and the Sister. the Uncle by the Mothers Avunculus. 14. 22. and the Aunt by the Mo. 28. the Sisters Son. the Nephews Nephews Ne. 33. & Amitinus. 29. Patruelis. . 21. Daughter. phew. Frater. side. 26. Those beyond these are Ulteriores dicuntur called Ancestors. 32. .. 14. and the Cousin by the Bro- ther and Sister. 12. 20.. 33. 16. 18. and the Neeces Neece. . mother's Grandmother. 12. 19. . In a Lineal descent. 24. and the Daughter. father's Grandfather. Daughter. & Tritavia.

2. 9. Married Persons. & nutritur Pappis. parit Sons. 7. 5. Societas Parentalis. 10. cxx. 5. Conjuges. Filios. 3. . 2. Uberibus. 8. & fiunt Parentes. & Filias. The Father. 6. 3. incedere Seperasto. (sometimes Twins). begetteth i . reponitur in Cunas. Pater. The Infant. and fed with Pap. 7. issuckled by the Mother lactatur a matre with her Breasts. (by the blessing of God) (ex benedictione Dei) sus- have Issue. Fasciis. 8. is wrapped in involvitur Swadling-cloathes. cipiunt Sobolem (Prolem) and become Parents. The Society betwixt Parents and Children. beareth & Mater. 4. 4. and Daughters. 9. Infans. is laid in a Cradle. 6. (aliquando Gemellos). i. 1 o. Afterwards it learneth Deinde discit to go by 9 Standing-stool. general and the Mother.

& castigatur. 14. & incipit fari. r 153. si non sit morigerus. Cultum & OflBcium. & Labori. Children owe to Parents Z/^«rz debent Parentibus Reverence and Service. and beginneth to speak. The Society betwixt Masters and Servants. 11. 15. 13. 1 z. As it beginneth to grow Crescente aetate. 15. if it be not dutiful. 14. and is chastised. iy taking pains.x. laborando. The Father maintaineth Pater sustentat his Children Liberos. it is accustomed to adsuescit Piety. older. and Labour. 12. . playeth with ^a///<. ii. Pietati. CXXI. 13. ludit Crepundiis.

AndIlas. 6. vitae & necis At this day the poorer Hodi6 pauperiores sort serve in a free man. ner. the Mistress Hera (the good wife of the House"). 5. conducti mercede. A City Urbs. 3. 4. A Servant was heretofore Servus olim erat Man- a Slave. for Wages. r t54. i. praebentur ipsis. which Laborum Pensa. Opera. Of many Houses Ex multis Domibus is made a Village. 3. I. qua are faithfully to be done by ab his fideliter sunt exse- them without murmuring quenda sine murmure and which their &dispendio. and Meat2iQd Drink Merces & Alimonia is allowed them. fit Pagus. 4. serviunt liberd. cipium. They appoint these their Illi mandant his Work. . and divide & distribuunt them their tasks. in quem Domino over whom the Master had potestas fuit power of life and death. (Mater fantilias). pro quo loss. 6.being hired for Wages. 5. Maidens.

ut & Coemeteria. & Turres. 5. 21. 7. vel Z/r^f. The (Ja/tf hath Porta habet a Portcullis. 15. without. Cataractas. and Garden-houses. Pa//^. or a City. 1 6. 1 Pontem versatilem. The entrance into a City Ingressus in Urbem fit is made out of the Suburbs. & Fa//w. also Burying-places. 5. 8. 11. through Gates. vel Oppidum. and & Suburbana. 10. 4. ex- upon the higher places. 17. 6. r iss. Pomcerium. That and this are fenced Istud & haec muniuntur and begirt with a rra//. 7. super Pontem. 1 4. 9. Valvas. 14.\2. and Towers. 19. 3. Horti. Bulwarks. and Pallisadoes. or a Town. 19. Watch' Towers. 13. 4. 2. 18. 13. 6. over the Bridge. 12. Fossa. 17. In the Walls are In moenibus sunt Fortresses. are Specula. ex Suburbio. Locks and Bolts. a Draw-bridge. 20. 2. per Fortarn. Within the Walls is Intra muros est the void Place. extrfl. 21. the Ditch. 3. two-leaved Doors. Claustra & Repagula. Aggeribus. 6. 10. as also Barrs. Propugnacula. 9. tant in editioribus locis. 8. In the Suburbs are In Suburbiis sunt Gardens. 15. & cinguntur Mxnibus a Trench. ut & Vectes. 18. (Muro). . 20. 1 1 .

3. 5. (in some places with (alicubi cum Galleries). Diversoria. the Exchange. the Church. 7. Within the City are Intra urbem sunt Streets. 9. Templum. Inns. Interiora Urbis. 8. the Granary. Domus MercaturcR. Porticibus). 6. and narrow Lanes. 2. Market-places. The Publick Buildings Publica aedificia are in the middle of the sunt in medio Urbis. 9. 10. 2. Curia. 6. 3. 10. Ale-houses. . 5. 8. Cooks-shops. 4.Hall. the School. paved with Stones stratae Lapidibus. & Angiportus. Granarium. r 156 J CXXIII. Fora. Armamentarium. II. & Portas Gates are the Magazine. About the Walls and the Circa Moenia. 4. 11. 1. City. PlatecE (Vici). The inward parts of a City. 7. Popince. & Cauponoe. i. the Guild. . Schola.

1 2. the Play-house. sordibus. 20. and the Prison. The River. 15. The Tower. 18. interfluens Urbem. In the chief Steeple In turre primaria isthe Clock. vel Rivus. is Optimum Jus. made either by themselves. 13. are Houses of Office. Judgment. 15. Judicium. or Beck. Urbis. 17. The best Law. ris?. Nosodochium. 19. Theatrum. 19. & Custodia (Career). 13. standeth in the highest extat in summo part of the City. Arx. runneth about the City. CXXIV. In the Streets are Wells. 16. 14. 18. and the est Horologium. & habitatio Vigilum. . 20. Forica (Cloacae). In Plateis sunt Putei. placida conventio. est a quiet agreement. Fluvius. 16. facta vel ab ipsis. 14. In the by-places In recessibus. 17. iVatckmans Dwelling. 12. serveth to wash away the inservit eluendis filth. and the Spittle.

sontem to a Punishment. se per Advocatum.'}. or Torment. and condemning & damnans him that is guilty. ad Poenam. praesidet cum Assessoribus. Actor. whom the PlaintifiPs Coun. 5. cui Judex (Praetor). venitur in Forum. If this do not proceed. Then the Judge Tum Judex pronounceth Sentence. sellor. absolvens insontem. The Defendant excuseth Reus excusat himself by a Counsellor. 4. 1. . 2.cui Actoris Procurator. . i. against him. accusat Reum. 6. accuseth the Defendant. 5. vel ad Supplicium. Dicographus. in Foro. 4. vel ab Arbitro. 9. or a Fine. they come into Court.-] & producit Testes. 8. contra ilium. acquitting the innocent. this day in the Moot-hall) hodid in Pratorio) in which the Judge. 2. (heretofore they judg'd (olim judicabant in the Market-place at . r iss. inter quos lis est or by an Umpire. Haec si non procedit. the Clerk. contradicts. The Plaintiff. contradicit. vel Mulctam. excipit their Votes in writing. 6. 9. and produceth Witnesses. Vota calamo. taketh 3. betwixt whom the sute is. sitteth with his Assessors. Sententiam pronunciat. 8. 7.

2. man. 7. Malefici. or dragg'd with a Horse. 5. Whoremasters Mcechi are beheaded. The Tormenting of Malefactors. 6. i. on a Gallows. vel £fuo raptantur.6. crucifragio plexi. or fastened upon a Stake. i. from the Prison. Witches Striges (Lamiae) . 8. ad locum Supplicii. 5. 3. h Carcere. decoUantur. 9. are hanged by the Hang. are brought producuntur. {where they are wont to be (ubi torqueri solent) tortured) by Serjeants. vel imponuntur Rotoe either laid having their Legs broken. 4. suspenduntur a Carm^«. 8. 9. 1 to place of Execution. 5. Malefactors. Fures. (^59 J CXXV. 7. Thieves. in Patibulo. 3. 15. 2. Supplicia Malefactorum. Murfherers HomicidcB (Sicarii) and Robbers are ac Latrones (Piratae) upon a Wheel. per Lictores. vel Palo infiguntur. 4.

aut Forcipibus. aut plectuntur Manu. 13. afiiciantur elinguantur. vel ad perpetual Imprisonment. 14. relegantur. 17. or to ad Triremes. or have their Hand. are whipped with Rods. Quadrigis. have their Ears cut off. 14. 1 I . 1 9. 19. 12. imponuntur Equuleo. are set on the Pillory. supplicio gues cut out. Some before they are Quidam antequam executed have their Ton. cceduntur Virgis. 20. or strapado'd. lo. ri6o. Traytors are puU'd in Perduelles discerpuntur pieces with four Horses. setupon a wooden Horse. are burnt in a. great cremantur super Fire. cut off upon a Block. uruntur They that have their Vit4 donati. 10. Rogum. 16. are banished. li. luxantur. are condemned damnantur to the Gallies. Carcerem perpetuum. are burnt with Pincers. are 16. 18. 11. are branded. truncantur Auribus. . or super Cippum. 1 2.. 17. Stigmate notantur. constringuntur Numellis.\T. Life given them. zo.

3. Pedlars. or weighed vel ponderatae in a. 6. aliunde are either exchanged vel commutantur in an Exchange. 9. pro Fecunid (monetd). & Scrutarii. promercalem. 5. Circumforanei. Mercatores. LibrA. 7. in Tabernis Mercimoniorum. would also be called etiam volunt dici Merchants. being either measured vel mensuratae with an Eln. Shop-keepers. 6. The Seller Venditor braggeth of a thing ostentat rem that is to be sold. 8. 1. 5. i. 3. 7. brought from other places aliunde allatae. and Brokers. pair of Balances.Merchandizing. M . Tabernarii. 9. Mercatura. 2. 4. and they are sold 2. Ulnd. & venduntur for Money. in Domo Commerciorum. Wares Merces. 4. or exposed to sale vel exponuntur venum in Warehouses. 8.

We measure things that Res continuas metimur hang together with an Eln. qui pollicetur plurimum. and dry things aridas by a two-bushel Measure. and setteth the rate of it. Medimno." and how much quanti it may be sold for. and offereth the price. and Balances. We try the heaviness of Gravitatem rerum ex- things by Weights. 10. 5. 2. liceat. 3. 11. cheap neth Emptor. Ulnd. 5. thing is delivered to him ei res addicitur that promiseth the most. If any one Si quis bid against him. licetur. 4. 4. & Librd (bilance). 3. perimur Ponderibus. & pretium ofiFert. 11. 1. the contralicetur. liquid things liquidas with a Gallon. r 162. 2. I. Congio. In this is first In hdc primd est . & indicat pretium. Measures and Weights. The Buyer. Mensurae & Pondera. CXXVII. 10.

above Axiculus. : r ifisJ the Beam. 8. &c. Statera. superius the cheeks and the hole. . 2. in qud JSxamen. opposite to them which ex opposito. 9. i. 11. 10. sunt Lances. in (c) thrice so much. The Patient. 8. 11. 9.suspendendo ing them on a Hook. y^ugum (Scapus). 3. 1 ^grotans. illas Unco. The Brasiers balance. in which the Needle. weigheth things by hang. Ars Medica. & Pondus. Physick. z accersit Medicum. sendeth for a Physician. in the midst whereof is a in cujusmedio little Axle-tree. 14. &c. trutina & agina. 7. in (c) ter. 14. 6. quod in (a) weigheth just as in (a) aequiponderat much as the thing. moveth it self to and fro : sese agitat on both sides utrinque are the Scales. 10. in ^b) twice so much in (b) bis tantum. CXXVIIl. 7. . rei. 1 and the Weight. 13. 6. pendentes Funiculis. hanging by little Cords. 1 2.ponderat res. 12.

1 1 or Powder. 16. and Ulcers. 12. The Chirurgeon. est optima Medicina. . 3. 9. 5. Pyxidibus. 16. with Plasters. and looketh upon his Wa. in a Apothecaries Shop. And it is Estque cither a Botion. 6. vel PillulcB. 8. That is made ready Istud paratur by an Apothecary. and then prescribeth turn praescribit i1/(?i/- a Receipt in a Bill. icamentutn in Schedula. cureth Wounds. or an Electuary. and Gally-pots. where Drugs ubi Pharmaca are kept in Drawers.3. 17. vel Pastilli. 1 o. ter. 7. 15. is the best Physick. 9. vel Electuarium. Z*//?/ and Prayer. d. in Pharmacopolio. 1 2. or Trochisks. 5. . qui tangit ipsius Arteriam. r 164. & Ulcer a. curat Vulnera. 14. & inspicit Urinam. Boxes. adservantur in Capsulis. who feeleth his Pulse. or ^?7/f. 4. 19. vel Potio. 14. 4. 13. vel Pulvis. Spleniis (emplastris). 7. & Lagenis. 18. 15. 6. 18. 10. 1 3. 8. Chirurgus. Diata & Oratio. 17. Pharmacopmo. 1 9. 11.

We enclose Nos includimus our dead Folks nostros Demortuos in a Coffin. and their Ashes & Cineres put into an Urn. 9. and is adorned & ornatur with Tombs. recondebantur in Urna. by the Bearers. ac Epitaphiis. 3. 9. 7. Cippo. 4. A Burial. versus Ccsmeferium. . and see they be carried out & curamus eflferri in a Funeral Pomp Pompd Funebri towards the Church-yard. z. Sepultura. 6. lay them upon a Bier. . 7. in a Grave. Sepulchro. and are interred & humantur this is covered with hoc tegitur a Grave-sione. Monumeniis. \. a Vespillonibus. where they are laid ubi inferuntur. 3. Loculo. i. 8. olim cremabantur. imponimus Feretro. . (Capuld). Dead Folks Defuncti heretofore were burned. 8.^. 5. 5. 6. and Epitaphs. 2.

. Y 166 J As the Corps go along Funere prodeunte. 10. Morio. & covered with Curtains. Hymni cantantur. In Theatro. 5. wherein memorable things quibus repraesentantur res- are represented memorabiles as here. and the Bells are rung. & Patre. cxxx. ipsius. & CampancB. 3. Historia of the Prodigal Son. A quo recipitur. Ludus Scenicus. de Filio Prodigo. . 6. maketh Jests. 4.) tegitur Sipariis. 5. 3. 10. dat Jocos. . 1. the History ut hie. pulsantur^ A Stage-play. 4. 6. . aguntur. domum redux. (which is trimmed (quod vestitur with Hangings. by whom he is entertain'd. 2. The Players act Adores (Histriones) agunt being in disguise personati the Fool. In a Play-house. 2. and Tapetibus.) Comedies and Tragedies are Comedite vel Tragmdice acted. and his Father. i. being return'd home. Psalms are sung.

by the nimbleness of his volubilitate body. 4. and clap the hands. if anything please them. maketh several Shows facit varia Spectacula. manibus. 2. i. in Cavea. 4. walking to and fro corporis. 3. Sleights. h Marsupio. deambulando on his hands. z. sheweth sleights. tors the Gallery. 7. The Tumbler. . PrcBstigiator. Praestigiae. per Circulum. 8. having on a Vizzard. & plaudit. sit in sedent in Orchestra. si quid arridet. &c. facit prcestigias out of a Purse. Spectatorum primarii. the common sort stand plebs Stat on the Ground. 8. Sometimes also Interdum etiam he darueth. Larvatus. The Jugler. leaping saliendo through a Hoop. (i6t) The chief of the Specta. tripudiat. CXXXI. 1. 7. &c. Agyrta. 3.

holdeth a Poise. 6. rrar . 5. tenens Halterem. manu orhangeth himself aut suspendit se byjthe hand ox foot. 5. CXXXII. &c. Funambulus. 7. 6. 7.\ pede. . r i68) The Rope-dancer. Palestra. The Fencing-School. goeth and danceth graditur & saltat upon a Rope. in his hand. mami \e. super Funevi. &c.

nimirum Oculis obvelatis. with their Eyes coverered. i. they play with a Ball. i. Ludus Pilae. 8. Tennis-play. supplantando. luditur^?7a. praeprimis heels. alterum prosternerepos- especially by tripping up his sit. (i6g) Wrestlers. 9.' Luctatores. 8. fought with their fists in pugnabant pugnis a ridiculous ridiculo certamine. 3. to wit. quam alter mittit. 2. 2. CXXXIII. 7. 3. alter excipit. and sendeth it back & remittit with a Racket. In a Tennis Court. and another taketh. 9. Hood-winked Fencers. In Spharisterio. (among the Romans (apud Romanos in time past were nayked olim Dudi and anointed with Oyl) & inuncti Oleo) take hold of one another prehendunt se invicem and strive whether & annituntur uter can throw the other. 7. AndabatcB. . Reticulo. strife. which one throweth.

. in Tabellam. notatam numeris. Follis (pila magna). Aleatorum^ Men play by Luck and Sorte & Arte luditur Skill at Tables. sub Dio. ope Epistomii. in the open Air. upon a Board. 4. 4. CXXXIV. Calculis in z. 5. commotionem Corporis. 2. 4. ludi- either they that throw the mus vel Plistobolindam j most take up all or we throw them vel immittimus illas through a Casting-box. Ludus Aleae. is tossed to and fro reverberberatur with the Fist. in Alveo aleatorio. i. per Frittillum. ( I/O ) and that is the Sport idque est Lusus of Noble Men Nobilium ad to stir their Body. distenta Acre by means of a Ventil. Tesseris (talis).pair of Tables. Dice-plav. . being filled with Air. We play with Dice. i. 4. A Wind-ball. 3. marked with figures. 3. 2. and this is Dice-players game idque est Ludas Sortilegii at casting Lots. 5. Pugno.

sores. inter Cancellos. where in Abaco. 6. Trahis. in Scrick-shoes. Glaciem. making a Line. 1. 4. Diabatris. 7. or in the open 7. where they are carried also ubi etiam vehuntur upon Sleds. Field. CXXXV. Cursus Certamina- Boys exercise themselves Pueri exercent se by running. sive in Campo. & Chartis lusoriis. confligunt Praelio. non ultrd procurrere. either upon cursu. 3. r 171 ) and at Cards. I. 5.. 5. 2. wherein as it 7. 2. 5. which he that desireth to quam qui vincere cupit win. at not to run beyond it. but debet attingere. ubi only art beareth the sway. 6. 6. ought to touch. We play at Chesse Ludimus Abaculis on a Chesse-board. 6. .quo veluti were two Armies duo Exercitus fight together in Battel. Races. designantes Lineam. sive super the/<:^. 5. Olim decurrebant Cur- run betwixt Rails. Heretofore Runners. 4. The most ingenious Ingeniosissimus Ludus Game is the Game of est Ludus Latrunculorum. Chesse. sola ars regnat.

7.) stead of Horse-races. At this day Tilting Hodie Hastiludia (or the quintain) is used. is struck at with petitur a Truncheon. 8. versantes Turbinem. 7.) in. acciptebat Brabeum. which loco Equiriorum. abierunt indesuetudinem. Ludi Pueriles.i to the Goa/. with a Bandy. per Annulum. . 4 Clava. k Brabeuta. or striking a Ball. 3. 6.frotn earn. (pramium). & he that toucheth it first qui primum contingebat receiveth the/'«zi?. 3. and ad Metam. or scourging a Top. 9. 2. 1 1 (ubi Circulus. Boys use to play Pueri solent ludere either with Bowling-stones vel Globis fictilibus.7. 7. vel mittentes Sphcerulam through a Ring. (where a Hoop. ad Conas. 4. 5. habentur. at Nine-pins. Flagello. Lancea. S. quae are grown out of use. . 9. 1 1. I. 5. ( >72. Aim that gave the prize. vel jactantes Globum. . 10. CXXXVI. 10. i. Boys Sport. with a Whip. 6. 2. or throwing a Bowl.

. se upon a Merry-totter. The Kingdom and the Region. Lords. aod a Bow. 11. that lie about it circumjacentibus the Country People Rustici dwell in Villages. Many Cities and Villages Multae Urbes & -Pa^/" make a Region faciunt Regionem and a Kingdom. 2. in Arcibus. 10. or tossing Grallis. 1.^. Barones. 11. & Regnum. agitantes & oscillantes. .?)'. sedet in Metropoli. ri73j orshootingwitha Trunk. 9. the Noblemen. 2. Rex aut Princeps sideth in the ^^z'^ C/. Regnum Regio. 3. 3. and Earls dwell & Comites habitant in the Castles. 9. vel super and swinging themselves Petaurum. Nobiles. 1. 10. vel incidentes upon Stilts. . or going & Arcu. vel jaculantes Sclopo. CXXXVII. The XzVz^ or Prince re. inPagis. 8.

tenens Sceptrum. 2. He hath his toll-places Habet telonia sua upon navigable Rivers. 6. and high. r 174. Flumina navigabilia. magnifico Habitu. redimitus Diademate. sittethon his Throne. crowned with a Diadem. 4. 2. manu. Regia Majestas.nA Tallage ubi Portorum & Vectigal is exacted of them exigitur that sail a navigantibiis or travel. Cancellarius. 4. & Vias regias.. sedet in suo Solio. 4. 3. 5. Regal Majesty. & iter facientibus. with a stately Habit. . 6. The King. Inter hos primarii sunt are the Chancellor. CXXXVIII. 5. vi\ie. The chief among these. in Kingly State. 3. being attended with stipatus a Company of Courtiers. with the Counsellors cum Consiliariis . in regio splendore.\z. i Rex. . '\\\y.T& Portage a. holding a Scepter.Roads. I. 4. in his Hand. frequentid Aulicorum. 5.

the Cup-bearer. and the Master of the & Stabuli Magister. Administratores. with their Attendance. & Secretariis. Vicarios suos. the Noble Pages. Prcefectus Prcetorii. 11. 8. He sendeth Ablegat his Vice-gerents. exterorum. 1 subinde per Veredarios. 16. aliorsum. 1 5. 1 2. maketh Laughter movet Risum by his toysom Actions. 9. Dapifer. 11. He solemnly giveth Au. 10. 14. with the Chamberlains. . & Cursoribus. 20. 20. 12. the Guard. Prmfectos. ludicris Actionibus. Treasurers. 1 3 Horse. um Cubiculariis. Qucestores. ri7s. 18. Governors. the Lord-marshall. 16. towhom he sendeth quibus mittit new Commissions ever Mandata nova and anon by the Posts. There are subordinate Subordinantur to these his the Noble Courtiers. Stipatores. The Pool. 14. Nobile Famulitium. and Secretaries. to other places. and Ambassadors & Legatos. Morio. 15. Deputies. 7. the High Chamberlain. and Lacquies. 9. Aulce Magister. the Comptroller. the Taster. 1^. Archi-Cubicularius. 17. 18. 8. 9 . 10. cum Satellitio. Pocillator (pincerna). the Treasurer. 19. 7. Thesaurarius. Solemniter recipit dience to the Ambassadors Legatos of Foreign Princes. 13. Nobiles Aulici.

6. i. a two-edged Sword. If we be to make War Si bellandum est Soldiers a. 15. Their Arttts are Horum Arma sunt. 7. The offensive are OfFensiva sunt a Sword. 5 Brachialia. 8. 5. are the defensive Arms. which are put up into qui reconduntur a Scabbard. lifted. 8. Thorax. i. or Belt. Leg-pieces. 9. 10. and a Buckler.^. a Falchion. lo.) (which is adorned with a (quae ornatur Crest) and the Armour. 11. 12. accinguntur Cingu- <//(?. 4. haec sunt Arma defensiva. CXXXIX. with a Coat of Mail. 1 1 Framea. . Manicce. scribuntur iJ///«VM. a Head-piece. Vagind. and are girded with a (?//-. Gladius. cum Lorica. 14. whose parts are a Collar. 13. Greaves. . these & 6V«fc (Clypeo). 2. 13. 2. 9. Miles. 3. Ocrea ferrece. cujus partes Torquis fer- a Breast-plate.rt. Cristd) & Armatura. 7. vel Baltheo. 1 2 & Acinaces. 1 5 . 6. reus. 10. Galea (Cassis. 1 4. The Soldier. 4. Arm-pieces. . .

Point. 17. ) (^n (a Scarf.y>. 17. The other Weapons are Reliqua arma sunt a Pike. 32. 3 1 Bombardis (Sclopetis).Sword. and Pistols. a Halbert. In his est Manubrium. h Pyxide pulveraria.\^. and the Edge. . 28. 34. 18. 21. & Cosstus. 21. (in which is the Haft. having a. 34. Cuspidatum. . 22. zz.) a & Mucro. two handed. 24. 25. 26. CXL. {Fascia militaris. 32. 33.) Club. onerantur Globis. 19. & Acies. with the Pummel. Dorsum. Castra. Bipennis. The Camps. (in quibus Hastile. 27. quae are charged with Bullets. They fight at a distance Pugnatur eminus with Muskets. 35. In these is the ITaft. Hasta. and the Blade. and a Whirlebat. 26. 30. 28. 27. serveth for ornament) inservit ornatui) a. & Verutum. 20. cum Porno. in the middle are the in medio Back. 6 Theca bombardica. which & Sclopis. Clava. and with Gun-powder & Pulvere nitrato out of a Bandalier. 1 6. & Pw^/^. 25. zo. and the Head. 33. 29. 31. 24. 35. 16. 18.zq. and a Dagger. out of a Bullet-bag. Romphoea. Z3. 23.

3. figuntur Paxillis . vel Stramentis. ploratores. 3. velitando. Excubice. & Fossis. tels. 4. . Acies & Prcelium. Castra. 10. 9 in skirmishing. i. are fastned with Stakes . r 178. are made for Forage fiunt Pabulationis and Plunder-sake. Aggeribus. emittuntur. Sentinels. Excursiones. 2. CXLI. securitatis gratid with Bulwarks. pitched and the Tents of locantur & Tentoria Lin- Canvas. 9. are also set 6. 7. 6. 2. 10. When the Battel I Quando Fugna . Sallyings out. The Army and the Fight. 8. ubi they often cope with the saepius confligitur cum Enemy. The Pavilion of the Tentorium Lord General is in the summi Imperatoris est in midst of the Camp. i. 5. and they entrench them eaque circumdant. are sent out. Hostibus. and Ditches. hEx- and Scouts. constituuntur. J -When 2l Design is under. Expeditione sus- taken the Camp. 5. about for security's sake. where & Praedae causd. is ceptd. medio Castrorum. 7. 4. 8. or Straw.

& inflammant Militem. The Drummers. Corporals. Afterwards they fight. in Centurias. Eorum Praefecti sunt. & TynipanotribcB. 18. Tribuni. Equitatui. Centuriones. Decuriones. 18. Their Officers are. Captains. 9. Ensigns. the Muskets. TympanistcB. Chiliarchce. Lieutenants. hie in Turmas. 5. and the Wings. are shot off. call to Arms. 4. this into Troops. as also the Trumpeters. & divided into the Front. i. serve. vel aufugiunt. trucidantur. They that are for the Re. vocant ad Arma and inflame the Soldier. 12. Imperator. The Foot. and he that is the chief of & summus omnium all. g. That is divided Ille distinguitur into Companies. 1. ( 179 ) is to be fought the committenda est. 8. 2. Peditatus. & Alas (Cornua). 4. Vicarii. exploduntur. 7. Signiferi. 9. & Ordnance. 3. 16. 13. vel capiuntur. in the midst of them.i^. Vexilla. Illae in medio ferunt those Flags. Hastis & Gladiis. 11. and BombardcE. hae Labara. 6. 16. the General. lit & Tubicines. 13. 15. Lieutenant Colonels. 7. hand to hand cominus with Pikes and Swords. are intermixed intermiscetur with the Horse. 5. 14. 3. the Rere. Army order. Tergum. These carry BauTiers. Colonels. Succenturiati. 2. Postea pugnatur. and is set in Acies instruitur. 10. Commanders of the Horse. 17. and the Drumslades. 6. They that are overcome Victi are slain. Magistri Equitum. or run away. dividitur in Frontem. 11. 10. 12. At the first Onset Primo Conflictu. come upon them superveniunt . 17. or taken prisoners. Tormenta. 15.

quum ingentes Naves. r '80. and so being bored thorow atque ita perforatae. 3. veluti Arces. The Carriages. 2. . Rostris. spoliantur. when huge Ships. 2. Impedimenta. CXLII. 4. I. Tormentis. out of their p/aces where ex insidiis. are plundered. pulveris tormentarii. 19. The Sea-Fight. they drink in imbibunt their own Destruction. terribile est. perniciem suam and are sunk. 3. & submerguntur. Pugna Navalis. they lay in wait. run one upon another concurrunt with their Beaks. 4. like Castles. 19. & vel ex incendio of Gun-powder. or shatter one another aut se invicem quassant with their Ordnance. i. Or when they are set on Aut quuEdjigne corripi- fire and either by the firing untur. A Sea-fight Navale prcelium is terrible.

2. ( i8i J men are blown up into the homines ejiciuntur in air. 5. Either by climbing over Vel muros per Scalas. storm. and persuaded to yield. The Besieging of a City. oppugnatur ab Obsidenti- siegers. . Navis fugitiva.transcendendo. suflFocantur. Which if it refuseth to do. the walls with Scaling-lad. or else leaping into the vel etiam desilientes in Sea are drowned. & capitur. 6. passura Obsidionem. 6. A City that Urbs is like to endure a Siege. ders. . or are burnt in the aerem. 1 per Tubicinem. z. isovertaken intercipitur by those th&t pursue her. 5. mare. ab insequentibus. it is assaulted by the Be. Quod si abnuat facere. Obsidium Urbis. vel exuruntur in midst of the waters. CXLIIl. A SMp that flieth away. and is taken. is first summoned primum provocatur by a Trumpeter. mediis aquis. and taken by bus & occupatur. 1. & invitatur ad Depitionem.

solo. per Balistarios. exciditur. 6. 10. Tormentis. diriditur. ejaculando Globos Tormen- out oi Mortar-pieces. 8. 7. 9. isplundered.. de Muris. 5. \ 2. portas Exostra. 10. 1 1. (who lye behind (qui latitant post Leagure baskets. 7. A City Urbs that is taken by Storm vi expugnata. (lS2j or breaking them down aut diruendo with Battering -engins. ignibus. &c. vel or casting Granadoes.) or overthrowing it with vel subvertendo Mines by Pioneers. lapidibus. 5. Arietibus. tarios. or breaking through the vel dirumpendo Gates with a Petarr. or demolishing them aut demoliendo with great Guns. aut erumpunt. &c. They that are besieged Obsessi defend theraselves defendunt se from the Walls. 3. destroyed. 4. 11. 3. 6. 4. 12. and sometimes laid even interdum equatur with the ground. or break out by force. 8. in Urbem by Engineers. Cuniculis per Fossores.) Gerras. tis). . with fire and stones. 9. e Mortariis (balls- into the City.

devout. that Barking Dog. 2. treading Reason under & conculcans Rationem. the Knowledge of God NoiitiEt Dei. and in the Decalogue. hensa in Decalogo. I. 5. 3. i. Verbo Dei. ut as a Helper in adversity. 6. and assent & assensum to the Word of God. oblatrantem Canem. and calleth upon him. 8. or from the vel ex Book of Scripture. 7. she giveth Faith. Libro Natura. Divine Services Officia Divina . eumque invocat. colit Deum. she meditateth upon his recolit Commandmentscontained Mandata ejuscompre- 5. Opitulatorem in adversis. 4. Godliness. (for the work commendeth (nam opus commendat the Work-master) Artificem) . being drawn either from haustd vel ex Xh& Book of Nature.Religion Religio. Libro Scripturm. 4. 7. foot. 8. humiliter. ly. Regina Virtutum worshippeth God. 6. praebet Fidem. the Queenof Vertues. 3. Pietas. 2.

in which are the Quire. tum. 16. Prmses & petty. Deities. and yupiter. The chief of them were Eorum prsecipua erant yupiter. the Vestry. 13. Sacrarium. ri. . XIIM.) cum Altari. is a unt esse Deum. The Gentiles feigned Gentiles finxerunt to themselves near upon sibi prope XIIM. and a i^cw/. I. the Pulpit. All men perceive that Omnes homines senti- there God.God of Heaven . Numina. Suggestus. 15. Subsellia. ii. 13. I . 16. Gentilimus. Galleries. 14. Gentilism. g. 12. \2. Ambones. r i84>» are done in the Church. lo. 14. President. Seats. 15. in quo est Penetrate (Ady- with the Altar. adhuc primariae. Hence are divers Jieligions Hinc diversae Religiones whereof IV. fiunt in Templo. rect6 ndrunt Deum. numerantur vet as the chief. Deaster cceli . & Baptisterium. lo. 9. CXLV. but all men do not sed non omnes rightly know God. are reckoned quarum IV.

Maris. 3. Mars. of Riches and Wed. fantes cremandos vivos. worship the venerantur Devil. 7. 6. Belli Apollo. of Winds 2EoIus. and Pleasures. Vesta. r 185 J Neptune. and Eloquence & Eloquentiae. 2. . Vulcan. Pluto. of Hell. ir. little filiolo Cupidine. Artium 5. with & Voluptatum. Apollo. quin & Morbona.. Mercury. . . Vesta. In- to be burnt alive. 10. cum the nine Muses of Arts . 8. y^uno. Priapus. Frumentorum . instead of God pro Deo worshipped all sorts colebant omne genus of Beasts and Plants. 8. y£olus. Diana. 2. etiamnum this day. of Fire and Smiths Ignis & Fabrorum. The Philistines offered Philistcei offerebant to Moloch. and Fortune. 6. and the most obscene of & obscaenissimus. 4. 3. 4. Neptunus. . with Minerva {Pallas). Cacodcemona. . of Hunting. : . Venationum. Animalium & Plantarum. & Fortuna : and besides these Morbona. tur primum mane. Ventorum . and whatsoever they saw & quicquid conspicieban- first in the morning. of Chastity. Priapus. tiarum . novem Musis Artium . IT. of Thieves. of Arts . of War Mars. Mercatorum. . Minerva {Pallas). their Children Molocho {Saturno). Divitiarum &Nup- dings. Dea Amorum. ^gyptii. qualia fuerunt Venus. Mercurius. . Furum. 5.^. cum her son Cupid. the Goddess of Loves. Diana. Merchants. Castitatis Ceres. 9. 10. and Febris her self. ac Febris ipsa. J^uno. of the Sea. all the rest. {Mulciber) Vulcanus {Mulciber'). even to Indi. of Corn Ceres. The Indians. Pluto. The Egyptians. Inferni. 7. They had also Habuerant etiam Womanly Deities Muliebria Numina: such as were Venus.

& Ecclesia Dei. that Seed of the Woman. 1^ remained with the Patri. written exhibuit Legem suam. mento Circumcisionis. 1. in Tabulis Lafideis. with his own Finger scriptam Digito suo in Tables of Stone. : Judaism Judaismus. Semen iilud Mulieris. 2. was promised to Abraham. a Gentilibus) tiles) with his Posterity. cum Posteris. promissus est Abrahamo. Inter hos. veri Dei. & ipse (avocatus called away from the Gen. to this people huic Populo . Amongst these. being marked with the Sac. the Father of them that Patri credentium believe: and he (being. Messias Mundi. who lived before qui vixerunt ante and after the Flood. Yet the true Worship Verus tamem Cultus of the true God. 2. notatus Sacra- rament of Circumcision. remansitapud Patriarchas^ archs. constitutus singularis and Church of God. 5. Afterwards God Postea Deus gave his Law. & post Diluvium. the Founder of the y>7OT. Condi tori J^udceorum. 5. 1. the Messias of the World. populus. made a peculiar people.

& jussit manded a Tabernacle. prseterea. 3. Judcei adhuc expectant. • ceneum Serpentem. & Suffitus. quem the Jews yet look for. fieri : and besides. Furthermore. in Mount Sinai. All which things Quae omnia were Types of the Messias Typi erant MessicB to come. . 9. 6. to be set up against the erigi contra biting of Serpents in the morsum Serpentum in Wilderness. 12. 4. Christianity. with the Ark of the Cov. 8. . 9. & Sacrificia be offered upon zxi Altar. 3. to be made: II. 12. 3. Deserto. 3 per Mosen.brazen Serpent. 4. The only begotten eter-j Unigenuus seicriius nal Son of God. by Priests. 1 o. CXLVII. 7. whom venturi. a. and com. 8. ofiFerenda in Altari. . II. 7. in Monte Sinai. 6. and Sacrifices to chalis.cum Area Fcederis. enant. and Incense. Christianismus.he ordained Porro ordinavit the eating the Paschal manducationem Agni Pas- Lamb. per Sacerdotes. Tabernaculum. 10. | Dei Filius. r '87 by Moses.

(whereby he testi. 6. voluntariam pauperatem. unto the fourth year. which signifieth a Saviour. tricesimoanno aetatis sux. in y^ordane apparuit the most sacred Mystery sacratissimum Mysterium of the divine Trinity. 4.voce. ob of his voluntary poverty. . being Ab eo tempore. being promised to promissus our first Parents in Para. at the last beinpf con. 7. in the extream poverty in summ4 paupertate of a Stable. appear'd by the Father's Patris voice.. 3970. he usque an annum quartum. \iec^^^se a y-udceis. r i88. 1 the royal house of David de domo regid Davidis. When he was sprinkled Hie. 2. down from Heaven. being ferentibus Divinitatem. From that time. came into the World carne. nor enter. i. 5.Salvatorem. neither owned. his declaravit quis esset. sed mundus ab omni pec- and the name of Jesus cato & nomen yesu was given him. sacro Baptismo. of Virginis Maria. delabente ccelitus. h. cum imbueretur with holy Baptism. words and works manifest. dise. Divinae Trinitatis. 6. . but pure from all sin. 7. Protoplastis in Paradise. in the year of the world Anno Mundi 3970. and clad with humane & indutus humand flesh. impleto tempore.verbis & operibus prae se ing his Divinity. quod %\^Xi\^czX. (qui testabatur fied that this was his Son) hunc esse Filium suum) and the Holy Ghost in the & Spiritu sancto shape of a Dove. prodiit in mundum at Bethlehem of J^udaa. declared who he was. coming in specie Columbce. nee acceptus tained by the J^ews. the 30th year of his Age.. in the fullness of time. in y^ordan. ceptus per Sanctum Spirit- in the most Holy Womb um in sanctissimo utero of the Virgin Mary. tandem con- ceived by the Holy Ghost. 2. Uohanne prxcMTSore suo. impositum fuit ei. 4.necagnitus. (the Sacrament (Sacramento of the new Covenant') novi Foederis) by ^i?>4« his Forerunner. Stabuli. Bethlehemce J^udced.

11. Governour under Ctesar. die post Ascensum. sitting in the mean time interea sedens . 1 1 into Heaven. for a Seal in Sigillum of the new Covenant a. . 9. (hac filled with his power) virtute impletos) into the World in Mundum to preach of him. gazed upon him. he Divini su^ Virtute. 12. actusque in Crucem. sacrificed upon the Altar immolatus in ar4 for the sins of the World. he vanished as it were. rose^ain the third day resurrexit tertia die out of the Grave. unde venerat. praedicaturos being henceforth to come olim rediturus again to the last J^udgment. and them. of/n's Body and Blood 8. 9. quasi evanuit. and forty days after & post dies XL. 10. Praefecti Ccesarei. aspectantibus. and returning thither & eo rediens whence he came. 14. ad jFudicium extremum. 1 o. . & remembrance of himself) sui recordationem) carried to the Judgment.stituisset Coenam Mysticaniy per. ( 189. decima after his Ascension. while the Apostles. in Coelum. Corporis & Sanguinis sui. 8. being fastned upon a Cross.nd the novi Foederis. and Agnus innocentissimus. being mortem subiit. de Monte Oliveti. Apostolis. 13. from Heaven. pro peccatis mundi. he dyed. to whom he sent quibus misit his Holy Spirit. the tenth day de Ccelo. raptus ad Tribunal seat of Pilate. accused and condemned accusatus & damnatus est as an innocent Lamb. But when he had revived Sed quum revixisset by his Divine Power. He was at last taken by Captus tandem ab these (when he had first his (quum prius in- instituted the Mystua/ Sup. Pilati. h Sepulchro. 13. Spiritum Sanctum. (being ipsos vero. being taken up sublatus from Mount Olivet. 14. 12.

consilio Judai. mixtam ex yudaismo. Christianismo & Gentilism0. the Falling-sickness. Patris. a warlike Man. mixed with yudaism. Homo bellator. 2. and interceding for us. CXLVIII. novam Religionem. whilst he had the Fit of dum laboraret Epilepsia. i. 1. by the advice of a yew. that the Archangel Gabriel Archangelum Gabrielem. and the Holy Ghost. 2. Christianity and Gentilism. From this Christ we Ab hoc Christo are called Christians. named Sergius feigning. & Monachi Ariani. inque eo solo salvamur. Mahomet. secum colloqui. & intercedens pro nobis. and dicimur Christiani. . . C 190 ) at the ri'gAi hand ad dextram of the Father. nomine Sergii . are saved in him alone. 3. 3. talked with him. Mahometism. Mahomet. invented to himself excogitabat sibi a new Religion. & Spiritum Sanctum. and an Arian Monk. fin gens. Mahonietismus.

Legem suam vocant the Alchoran. but as a great Prophet. Gods Providence. ex Aure sua. sunt Polygami build Chapels. sed ut magnum Prophetam. to fetch Meat petere Escam out of his Ear. 4. k Vino J are circumcised. exstruunt Sacella. non a Campanis. circumciduntur. CXLIX. 4. 7. have many Wives . ri9i. yet less than Mahomet minorem tamen Afahomete/ they call their Law. 5. 5. de quorum Turriculis. Christum honorant. His Followers AssecIce ejus refrain themselves abstinent se from Wine. Alcoran. ^IIINIJJVMJ Mens States Humanae Sortes . 7. adsuefaciens Columbam. . they deny xh^Holy Trinity: negant SS. Trinitatem : they honour Christ. but by a Priest. they sed a Sacerdote. 6. ssepius se abluunt. 6. non ut Dei Piliufn. Providentia Dei. they are called to Holy convocantur ad sacra Service not by Bells. using a Pigeon. . not as the Son of God. from the Steeples whereof. wash themselves often.

against wicked Spirits. calling upon him cle. ^ nativitate ejus. etiam nostrae Prudentice. 6. vel etiam Noxce. Lamiis who give themselves to qui Cacodaemoni se the Devil. ! r«9 ) are not to be attributed non tribuendae sunt to Fortune or Chance. ut Custodes. (Comets. & Angelas. even our Sights. who every minute qui minutatim layeth wait for him. (inclusi Circulo. qui associant se Homini. 6. & ejusdem Manui rectrici. . 7.-^. 2. 3. cum eo colludunt and fall from God ! & k Deo deficiunt for they shall receive their nam cum illo reward with him. suos. 7. to tempt ad tentandum and vex him. seu Diabolum. or the Devil. and to his governing Hand. or the Influence of the Stars. contra malignos Spiritus. Dei Oculo. 1. or Oversights. indeed are wont to por. vel vexandum. vel Imprudentice. quidem solent nihil boni tend no good) portencfere) but to the provident sed provido Eye of God. Wo to the mad Vae dementibus Wizzards and Witches Magis &.^. struit insidias ei. 1. as Guardians. from his birth. eum advocantes with Charms) Incantamentis) they dally with him. 4. who accompany a Man. 2. 5. Fortunce aut Casui. God hath his Ministers Deus habet Ministros and Angels. {Cometce. dedunt (being inclosed in a Cir. aut Influxui Siderum. or even our Faults. mercedem accipient. 4.

z. 3. 1. Ubi/H (^justi) &. (appearing in the Clouds) (apparentis in Nubibus) to give an Account ad reddendam rationem of all things done. introibunt in vitam aeter- nal into the place of Bliss. which shall raise up the quae resuscitabit Mortu- Dead. 2. shall be thrust into Hell.Elecii. 6. 3. 5. in with the Devils. When the Godly & Elect. & damnati. 5. 8. But the Wicked Impii vero. nam. . detrudentur. there tormented for ever. Judicium extremum. 1. 'jfesu Christi. shall enter into life eter. to be Gehennum. cum Cacodtsmonibus. CL. omnium actorum. For the last day Nam dies novissima shall come veniet. 4.The Last Judgment. & novum Hierosolymam. ibi cruciandi aeternum. and summon & citabit locum Beatitudinis and the new Hierusalem. 7. and the damned.\. 7. the 'Quick with them cum illis to the 'judgment-seat ad Tribunal of Christ Jesus. a Trumpet. with the sound of os.Z. 6. voce Tub(B.

Memento horum fear God. Go on now Perge nunc and read other good Books & lege diligenter alias diligently. quae poterunt ostendi. . bonos Libros. . Supius. Farewell. and godly. wise. and hast learned & didicisti the chief Words Voces pritnarias of the English and Latin Anglicce & Latince Tongue. & invoca him. Linguce. sapiens. and call upon Deum time. Spiritum SapienticB. and thou shalt become ut fias learned. all things res omnes that can be shewed. ut largiatur upon thee tibi the Spirit of Wisdom. The Close Clausula. Thus thou hast seen in Ita vidisti summatim short. doctus. Vale. that he may bestow eum. Remember these things.

^ Aer 10 83 Eques 102 46 Agricultura 58 76 Equile 194 33 Amphibia 40 109 Ethica 36 43 Animi hominis 54 108 Europa 134 19 Animalia & primum F. Pag. H. Aves 24 68 paber Ferrarius 85 7 Aqua 12 63 Faber lignarius 79 )3 Arbor 17 64 Faber murarius 80 119 Arbor Consanguin. Hypocaustum cum 72 41 (^anales & Ossa 50 Dormitorio 89 39 Caput & Manus 47 I. 124 Judicium 157 strosi 55 150 Jud'm extremum 193 2 Deus 5 28 Jumenta 34 96 Domus 82 116 Justitia 145 . 40 Caro & Viscera 49 8 5 Jgnis 140 Castra 177 32 Insecta repentia 38 147 Christianismus 187 25 Insecta volantia 31 4 Ccelum 7 100 Instrumenta Musica 53 Convivium 72 123 55 Coquinaria 68 123 Interiora Urbis 156 135 CursusCertamina 171 Invitatio 1 D. 20 Aves Domesticae 25 145 r>entilismus 184 23 Aves Rapaces 29 102 Geometria 126 B. palneum 36 91 promo pjomo 43 74 Horologia 95 95 Bibilopegus 117 77 Bibliopolium 116 45 Hortorum cultura 56 94 115 Humanitas 144 C. Cap. A. 30 Ferae Bestiae 36 itatis 150 29 Ferae Pecudes 35 128 Ars Medica 163 70 Figulus 87 91 Ars Scriptoria tiz 5 1 Flores 20 99 Artes Sermonis izi 113 Fortitudo 141 52 Aucupium 65 14 Fructus Arborum 18 24 Aves Aquaticae 30 17 Fruges 22 22 Aves Campestres & 18 Frutices 23 Sylvestres 28 G. 146 Judaismus 186 44 "TXeformes & Mon. INDEX TITULORUM. A cies& Praelium 178 106 gclipses 131 141 6 .


Chap. Moon 130 41 The Chanels and Bones 141 The Army and the 50 Fight 178 96 A Book n8 99 Arts belonging to Speech 95 The Book-binder 1 1 121 94 The Book-sellers Shop 104 The Aspects of the Pla. 10 Terrae fcetus 14 57 ^ythopoeia 71 60 Textura 75 An Index of the Titles. 103 Sphaera coelestis 127 85 yectura 105 107 Sphaera terrestris 132 84 Vehicula 103 125 Supplicia Malefici. ii8 Societas Conjugalis 75 Tonstrina 93 144 59 Tractio Lini 74 121 Societas Herilis 153 86 Transitus Aqua'm 106 120 Soc'tas Parentalis 152 93 Typographia 114 79 Specularia 97 V. 116 nets 1 29 69 The Box-maker 86 B. 56 Vindemia 70 112 "yemperantia 140 122 Urbs 144 9 Terra 1 Z. 126 Boys Sports 172 74 'TP/^i? Bath 91 50 Bread-baking 63 75 The Barbers Shop 93 57 Brewing 71 28 Labouring Beasts 34 129 A Burial 165 30 Wild Beasts 36 54 Butchery 67 . 3 7 INDEX TITULORUM. 143 The Besieging of a City np^^ Seven Ages of 181 37 Man 44 19 Birds 24 6 The Air 10 22 Birds that live in the 33 Amphibious Creatures Fields and Woods z8 40 23 Ravenous Birds 29 105 The Apparitions of the z I Singing Birds 27 . A. Page. 53 Venatus 66 orum 159 82 Viator 100 63 Sutor 78 80 Vietor 98 T.

85 The Carpenter 58 A i^?aj/ 72 63 79 132 7^/4^ Fencing.Cattle 168 29 35 i^zVtf 8 41 The Chanels and Bones 5 5 Fishing 64 5° River-fish and Pond- 147 Christianity 187 34 123 A City 154 fish 41 Sea-fish and Shell-fish 143 7%^ Besieging of a City 35 181 43 40 7"/^^ T^j-.School 27 Herd-Cattle 33 Wild. c. 5 strous People 149 God's Providence 191 55 47 erasing 59 77 Dials 95 49 Grinding 62 134 Dice -piay 170 H.113 141 guinity 26 7^<7«r footed Beasts 150 Cookery 68 about the House 32 55 80 r-^tf Cooper 52 Fowling 65 98 8 7%i? Cord-wainer 20 Tame-Fowl 25 99 C(?r« 24 Water-Fowl 30 1 7 22 1 o T'/^if Fruits of the Earth 32 Crawling Vermin 38 33 Creatures that live as well by water as by 1 Fruits of Trees 1 land 40 G. 'T'/^i? Earth 13 103 '~rAe Celestial Sphere 106 The Eclipses 131 127 Engines 81 65 140 The Camp \-j-j 108 Europe 134 84 Carriages 103 Carrying to and fro xo^^ F. 1 41 81 AN INDEX OF THE TITLES. 31 Creeping things 37 88 A (?a//q' 108 145 Gentilism 184 D. III Diligence 139 39 Head and the 45 7"/^^ Dressing of Gar- rP'''^ "-" Hands 47 dens 56 1 6 Pot-herbs 21 . E. 102 Geometry 126 2 (?^(/ 44 Y\eformed and mon.^ a«(/ Bowels 123 The Inward parts of a City 156 49 The Close 1 5 Flowers 20 194 8 The Clouds 12 25 Flying Vermin 3 Fortitude 119 T!^!? Tree of Consan.

g"" Sea-fish and Shell-fish /^z 44 42 7^. I. 174 97 A School 119 142 '^ The Sea-fight 180 36 Tlffl^ 43 37 7"/^^ aSiJW^^of Man 35 ^.93 128 Physick 163 116 Justice 145 78 T/^^ Picture 96 K.Cattle 33 127 Measures and Weights 4 Heaven 7 162 48 The making of Honey 126 Merchandizing 161 61 8g ^ Merchant Ship 1 09 83 The Horseman 102 1 1 Metals 1 66 ^ House 82 67 Afzw ^ 84 71 T/^if parts of a House 105 7". 27 Jlerd.^^»««/«OT 190 138 Regal Majesty 174 138 Kingly Majesty S. 19 Living Creatures 24 171 The dressing of Line "] d. 81 7%^ 7?(?/fr 99 148 TV/ra. 23 J?«f« '35 59 Ravenous Birds 29 61 Linen Cloaths 76 144 Religion 183 79 Looking-glasses 97 34 River -fish 41 M. 54 1 1 AN INDEX OF THE TITLES. 34 Pond-fish 41 Kingdom and 1 6 Pot-herbs 2 137 np^^ Region 173 70 7%^ 7'<?//tfr 87 93 Printing 1 1 149 <7(?(^'j Providence 1 9 28 T abouring Beasts 34 no Prudence 137 117 Liberality 1 47 R.^^ Apparitions of the 88 Moon 137 115 Humanity 144 109 Moral Philosophy 136 53 Hunting 66 100 Musical Inst' ments 123 46 Husbandry 58 P. 92 pa/ifr 1 13 "y^^ Invitation i 1 6 Passage over Waters 1 00 Musical Insruments 106 123 114 Patience 142 146 Judaism 186 loi Philosophy 125 124 Judgment 157 109 Moral Philosophy 136 150 The last Judgment 1.4^ outward and in- 38 J%^ outward parts of a ward Senses 52 Man 45 31 Serpents 37 64 TVJ^ Mason 80 yo Shipwreck in .

132 rents and Children 152 125 T'^i. 99 Arts belonging to Speech 7 np^^ Water If IZI 60 Weaving 75 76 T^if Stable 94 73 Wells 90 130 . 1 AN INDEX OF THE TITLES.4 Stage-play 166 29 Wild Cattle 35 12 Stones 16 3° Wild Beasts 36 72 T/^tf ^/(Jz/if «//M Mtf ^^a?. 136 Boys Sports 172 25 p'/yzwg' Vermin 31 103 The Celestial Sphere 127 32 Crawling Vermin 38 107 The Terrestial Sphere 56 y^^^ Vintage 70 132 W. FINIS . 63 The Shoe-maker 78 87 Swimming 107 18 Shrubs 23 T.^? Turner 86 68 The Black-smith 85 U. factors 159 ster and Servant 153 82 77^1? Travellor 100 43 The Soul of Man 54 '3 ^ Tr^if 17 139 The Souldier 176 69 r. zi Singing Birds 27 62 nP. 3 The World 6 r^sw? 89 91 Writing 98 The Study 120 Trinuni Deo Gloria. Torments of Male- 1 2 The Society betwixt Ma.^^ Taylor 77 121 Sleights 167 182 Temperance 140 118 The Society betwixt Man '33 Tennis play 1 69 and Wife 148 107 y-^^ Terrestial Sphere 120 The Society betwixt Pa.