The name Gorilla is derived from a Greek word Gorillai meaning hairy women. 2. Today there remains only 10 countries (all within the western, central and Easte rn Africa region) with naturally occurring gorilla populations. 3. The Latin name for mountain gorillas is Gorilla Gorilla Berengei 4. Mountain gorillas are only found in three countries in the world Uganda, Rwanda, and DRC 5. Mountain Gorillas are critically endangered specie. There are only about 720 mou ntain gorillas left in the world. 6. Over half the world s mountain gorilla population is to be found in Bwindi Impenet rable Forest in Uganda. 7. The rest are to be found in the Virunga Volcanoes shared between Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo. 8. Mountain gorillas are not known to survive outside their natural habitat, meanin g that there are none to be found in zoos a round the world. 9. Gorillas are the largest living primates. 10. Gorillas are ground-dwelling herbivores. 11. Gorillas are divided into two species Western Lowland gorillas and Eastern Goril las 12. There was considered to be a single gorilla species, with three subspecies: the Western Lowland Gorilla, the Eastern Lowland Gorilla and the Mountain Gorilla.[7][8] There is now agreement that there are two specie s with two subspecies each. More recently it has been claimed that a third subspecies exists in one of the species. 13. Almost all gorillas share the same blood type (B)[11] 14. Like humans, mountain gorillas have individual finger prints. 15. The DNA of gorillas is 98% 99% identical to that of a human,[2] and they are the n ext closest living relatives to humans after the two chimpanzee species. 16. Man is gorilla s only enemy. 17. A gorilla family is categorised in this way: Infant 0 to 3 years; Juvenile 3 to 5 years; Sub-adult 5 to about 9 years; Adult female About 9+ years depending on when she starts her menses. Blackback 9 to12 years. Silverback 12+ years, depending on when the male develops a spray of silver on his back marking him as mature enough to head a family. 18. Females usually conceive at around 8 to 9 years with their first baby being born before age 10. Pregnancy lasts 8 and-a-half months. Infants are weaned at about 2 years, but will comfort suckle as long as their moth

prying into ant mounds to get the ants out. not tears. 22. One way in which gorillas establish and reinforce bonds is by social grooming. generosity. They laugh when they are tickled and cry when they are sad or hurt. social grooming allows close contact and touch between the animals. scrapping off soft lime stone to get to the salt within. Silverbacks do not allow blackbacks mating rights with the females in a family. grief. 25. fear. lets them. A silverback is an adult male gorilla. For example. In addition to the cleanliness it promotes. should a silverback come by. 26. hate. 20. An adult female mountain gorilla has a reproductive and menstrual cycle of 28 da ys just like a human female. . Gorillas follow a very strict pecking order. and jealousy. without question. pride. Gorillas consider ants a delicacy. if a blackback or adult female chances upon an ant mound and begins to feast on the ants. shame. typically more than 12 years of age and n amed for the distinctive patch of silver hair on his back. 21. 23. Gorillas cry with sounds. These large canine teeth are used for tearing off tree bark. Gorillas are very intelligent.usually after around 3 to 4 years. and they share with us a full range of emotions: love. 24. A silverback gorilla has large canine teeth that come with maturity. 27. joy. the lesser gorilla will allow the silverba ck first feeding rights. Social grooming can relax a gorilla to the point that it will go in to a trance. act as leverage whe n climbing up trees. with the dominant silverback enjoyi ng key privileges and first rights to all that is desirable in a gorilla s world. or until she gives birth again . 19. O ne gorilla will groom the other by combing through its fur with its fingers and teeth. greed.

28. 32. In Uganda. 30. a gorilla family is then open for tourism. Like humans. gorillas build nests in trees and on the forest floor. eating only certain parts of plants. or other gorillas. the young share their mothers nest. each gorilla has a unique nose print with which researchers use to identify it. Gorillas can be very fussy eaters. 40. 35. Up to the age of three.and are about 10 times s tronger . Gorillas are susceptible to various parasites and diseases. Gorillas rarely attack humans. especially to pneumo nia during the long. Once habituated. It is commonly believed that silverbacks always kill the young ones not sired by them. They may even stack the parts they don t want in a neat pile off to the side. Each evening. 34. Gorilla tourism in Uganda brings in money that is channelled back into mountain gorilla conservation and also benefits the communities that live near the mountain gorilla homing ranges. and sleep among other things. (The seventh gorilla family is habituated for purposes of research for development of mountain gorill a welfare). the Silverbac k(s) will protect them even at the cost of his own life. 29. the nest-building instinct is so strong that they ex periment with making their own nest at an early age. 39. eat. However. 36. In addition. cold wet seasons. usually headed by a dominant silverback who determines where the group will range. 37. Gorillas live in tight knit social units families. This process takes about two to three years and it involves UWA trackers monitoring gorillas for months on end. 38. But in an encounter a person should stay still an d refrain from staring or pointing at the gorilla. with six of these availa ble for mountain gorilla tourism. . each gorilla has unique finger prints. Male silverback gorillas can weigh 50-100 pounds more . When the group is attacked by humans. in which to spend the night. there are seven currently habituated groups. leopards. 33. 31.than the biggest American football players. This goes a long way in preventing human-wildlife conflict. This is not necessarily true among mountain gorillas as the dominant male takes care of all the young born to his harem of a dult females as his own. Habituation is the process where families of wild gorilla are gradually made use d to non-threatening human presence.

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