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Good Working Condition: Basic Employee Right

Working Condition

-refers to the safety and healthfulness of the workplace, particularly the physical work
environment and the procedures followed in performing the work.

Note: labor history is a witness to some poor and even dangerous working conditions, long working
hours, insufficient safety measures; exploitation of women and worst is the child labor. All of which
become notorious when the factory system and sweatshops have been introduced during the industrial
revolution.

Factory- refers to a large establishment employing scores of people involved in mass production of
industrial or consumer goods

Sweatshops- a small manufacturing establishment where tired employees work long hours under
substandard conditions for low wages

Dimensions of Working Condition

a. Structure of Workplace- consist of sector of affiliation, employment status, size of the company.
b. Physical Environment- involves exposure to dangerous substances, heavy loads and corporal
risks.
c. Working Time Issues- weekly hours, commuting time, shift work and a typical work patterns.
d. Organizational Environment- job content- refers to repetitive tasks and pace of work
e. Social Environment and Psychosocial risks- harassment and discrimination in offices and
factories
f. Work-related outcomes concerned with perceptions of health risk, work absences and job
satisfaction.

What is the so-called Systems Approach in the Workplace?

Safety engineering- develop to prevent industrial accident, control of the4 work environment to reduce
or eliminate hazards

Effects of industrial accidents and unsafe working conditions

a. temporary or permanent injury


b. Illness
c. Death
d. Reduce efficiency
e. Loss productivity
Right to good working condition

a. Physical health of the workers is not endangered


b. Morals are safeguarded
c. Young people’s normal development is not impaired
d. Female have the right to work in accordance with their gender.

Worker-friendly requirements

a. Proper illumination and ventilation in the workplace


b. Availability of exits and extinguisher
c. First aid,family welfare and other services
d. Separate comfort rooms
e. Others( depending upon the nature of the business)

Duties of employers regarding work hazards

a. Offer wages that reflect the risk-premium prevalent in other similar but competitive labor
market
b. Provide employees with suitable health insurance programs
c. Collect information on health hazards that coincide with a given job and make such information
available to employees

Note: employees taking higher risk will be rewarded with higher compensation.

Employee rights to social security and health benefits

a. SSS or GSIS( maternity,sickness,disability,retirement,death and prison)


b. Pag-ibig(housing and other loans)
c. ECC benefits for work related contingencies
d. Other benefits

Five general categories of insurance

a. Old-age and invalid survivor’s insurance


b. Health and maternity insurance
c. Family allowances
d. Work-injuries insurance
e. Unemployment insurance

Note: Working conditions vary depending on the kind of company, the nature of the job and the position
one holds.