You are on page 1of 48

The Baldwin Piano.. .
You can see why ii sounds better I

I 4

The bridge is a critical component of the tone-producing system. It must
precisely terminate the speaking length of the strings, and it must transmit
vibration efficiently to the soundboard. In addition, it must be extremely
strong to withstand the force of sidebearing and to resist splitting.
Traditionally, bridges have been capped so that they can be notched easily
and the height altered for downbearing by planing. Our patented AcuJustTM
plate suspension and hitch pin design gives us complete accuracy in setting
downbearing, so we no longer need to plane our bridges down after
installation. And we now notch all bridges by machine to gain increased preci-
sion and consistency.
In addition, our research showed that eliminating the capping, in combination
with the above changes, gave us a definite improvement in tone. We gained
maximum tone quality, greater efficiency in transmission of vibration, and im-
proved reliability. At the same time we eliminated problems previously
associated with capping: (1) occasional loose capping, (2) checking and split-
ting of the cap, (3) grain direction which was not always parallel to the line of
the bridge, and (4) the potential tone barrier of a horizontal glue joint in the
bridge.

THE BALDWIN GRAND BRIDGE: Thin vertical
laminations are bent for continuity of grain from one
end of the bridge to the other without horizontal glue
joints. Baldwin researchers have found this design
contributes significantly to outstanding tone quality.

Third in a series of informative ads on piano tone published by Baldwin
Piano &Organ Company exclusively for the benefit of piano technicians.

For more information contact Kent Webb, Technical Service Manager; for parts contact Linda Gann,
Baldwin Piano & Organ Company, Highway 63 South,Trumann, AR 72472 - Phone: (501) 483-6116

Has expanded their services to
include a full line of

YAMAHA ACTION PARTS, TOOLS AND SUPPLIES
Culminating many years of discussions with the Yamaha Corporation,
an exclusive agreement now exists whereby Schaff can sell and distri-
bute any Yamaha piano part, tool or supply item that is not being replaced
under warranty.
Such items as grand and upright piano action parts, felts, hardware,
keytops, as well as adjustable chairs, tools and polishes are now in stock.
Other items can be specially ordered.
Please call or write requesting our latest brochure with prices.

For Quick Service Use Our 24 Hour Hot-Line (312) 438-4556

d
O~OBER 1989 - VOLUME 32, NUMBER10 OFFI~AL PUBLICATIONOFTHE PIANO TECHNICIANSGUILD, INC

4 15 29 ABOUTTHE
PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE TUNING UP GOOD VIBRATIONS
Details and decisions. The stretch caZcuZator: New Soundboard,old bridge, COVER:
By Ronald L. Berry, RTT another view. part II: setting the plate.
By Rick Baldassin,RTT By Nick Gravagne,RTT Technical editor Susan
Graham usesa Foredomtool
6 19 32
in bridge work. See“The
Technical Forum,” beginning
FROM THE on page8.
HOME OFFICE BASIC SKILLS ECONOMIC AFFAIRS
Communication is key. Key leveling. The first-time call.
By Larry Goldsmith By Bill Spurlock, RTT By Carl Root, RTT

8 24
THE TECHNICAL AT LARGE
Drum repetition (very rapid PLUS
FORUM
repetition of one note). Membership ......................34
Rebuilding: tools, tips and By Ken Sloane,RTT
promdures. Coming Events .................3.5
and Tristan Francis Auxiliay Exchange..........36
By Susan Graham, RTT
ClassifiedAdvertising ......38
Display Ad Index.. ............40

Piano Technicians Guild Board of Directors Piano Technicians Journal Staff
RONALD L. BERRY, RTl. DANNY L. BOONE, R’IT HOME OFFICE SUSAN GRAHAM, RTI’
President 50’4th cenhil k7~?@?ld via? President 4510 Belleview, Suite 100 Technical Editor
6520 Parker Lane 9707 Timberview Kmsas City, MO 64111 2%7 Madeline
Indianapolis, IN 46220 Waco, TX 76710 (816) 753-7747 Oakland, CA 94602
(317) 255-8213 (817)772-0546(I-0 LARRY GOLDSMITH RICK BALDASSIN, RTT
(817) 755-1723 (W) Editor/Executive Director Tuning Editor
NOLAN P. ZERINGUE, R-l-I’
CYNDI DAVISON 2684 W. 220 North
Vice President BRUCE G. DORNFELD, RTT
619 Barbier Avenue Central East Regional Vim President Bookkeeper Provo, UT 84601
Thibodaux, LA 7CBOl 2134 Walters Avenue SANDY ESSARY GEORGE DEFEBAUGH, RTT
No&brook, IL 60062 Subscriphons/Adaertising
(504) 446-6812 ~aurnal On Tape Reader
(312) 498-&379 LISA GRAY
ROBERT SMIT, RTT Assistant Editor
Secretary-Treasurer MICHAEL A. DROST, RIT MARY KINMAN
17 Carmichael Court Central West Regional Vice President Membership
Kanata, ON Canada K2K lK1 1052 South Fork Drive
(613) 592-6907 (I-i) River FalIs, WI 54022
(613) 828-1292 (W) (715) 425-2068 (I-l)
(715) 4253940 (S) 8 1989 The Piano Technkzia~ Guild. Inc AltLles uublisb,zd in the P+m Tahni&us
NORMAN HEISCHOBER, RTT
Northeast Regkmaf Via President FERN L. HENRY, R-IT
In ani fmm wltikt p-?nisdon f&n the pub&he,, ‘Ilw Pianb T&idann Guild, Inc
295 West Shore Drive Western Re@onal Vice President The words l-he Piano Tech&&w GUM, Inc.,” and the Rqistered Tuner-Technician
Massapequa, NY 11758 3574 Cantelow Road embkzm am regbtad with the US Patent and Trademark Offbx -Unauthorized use is
(516) 799-1656 Vacaville, CA 95688 strkdy pmhlbited.
(707) 4484792 7k ?‘imo Tsc- Jcmd @SN 00319562) ia the offial pubIkation of The PIano Tech-
DONALD S. VALLEY, R’IT
nidam Gulki. Inc.. 4!510 Bel!7eview. suite loo. Kansan cthr. MO 64111. The hmmd L
5outheQ.s~Regional vice Pn?sident STEPHEN H. BRADY, RTT
8861 Greenville Highway Pacific NW R&onul Vice President
Spartanburg, SC 29301 1402 3rd Avenue W.
(803) 574-6165 (Wj Seattle, WA 98119
(803) 5749639 (H) (206) 281-8292 (l-l)
(206) 54.59371 (W)

2 - OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL

butts. 3 .for quick removal of the qrand knuckle from the shank. Hammer Head and Butt Extractor - removing hammer heads from grands taking the shanks off the rail. the Texas State Association Seminar in Lubbock. It is hightimesomebodydid it! lthink every tuner. OR 97702 (503)382-54 11 Registered Tuner-Technicians don’t need basic study courses. GA says: “Your course is really top drawer. and every responsible RTTought to take this course. and damper levers. And the tuning tape is the best tuning class I have ever seen. Hale’s latest composition - Grand Knuckle Remover . OR. TX. Associates to upgrade and reclassify to Registered Tuner- Technician. But many of them buy our course. quick N broken. to fit spinet hammer shanks as short as 3 inches. Sewing the musk Industry rlnce 1884 TUNERS SUPPLY COMPANY EASTERN BRANCH: 94 Wheatland Street. 16-18. and RlT’s to continue their education. removal of center pins from the flanges of the wippens. We can help you. from up removing the butts from the action. You have done a tremendousserviceforthe piano tuning community. Why? Here’s what Karl Roeder. MA 02145 l (617)6664550 WESTERN BRANCH: 190 South Murphy Ave.October 13- 15. hrnerville. CA.for easy. Feb. July 1Cl-14. 1990. See us at the Annual PTGConvention & Institute in Portland. Randy Potter School Of Piano Technology Training Competent Technicians for the 2 1st Century 6 1592 Orion Drive Bend. I have spent a lot more money for thingsthatweren’tasgoodforme. CA 94086 l (408) 736-2355 CCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .. Sunnyvale. too. or the California State Convention in Irvine. of Macon. Used in conjunction with #115.” We have home study programs to help Beginning Students get started. ror removing % upright m@ 1 hammer heads and butts Opus #116. when the shank is Pin Punch Attachment . Rll.

the business meetings attended to before the exam itself such as securing a will take less time. When there is a lack of planning. ment as a reward for long. Along with meetings is the newsletter. The main function them happen. especially when you When I was newsletter editor for my chapter. This can be Unfortunately. Quoting from the every newsletter. as the distillate of a Ronald L. Exams are the area of chapter management which ing in the newsletter will give people a chance to think is the most standardized in that the procedures are well ahead about the important issues. this facet of the Guild activity look good at first but are found to have problems later. who will follow up on the action instead of letting everyone The first area of activity I want to discuss is meet. Thanks to the guid- come up with spontaneous ideas to solve problems which ance of the ETS committee. Publishing the agenda for the business meet.. Women and Pianos”.. Every- dependent on details. people location. Appointing someone to be sure andcreativityand won’tmakeasgooduseof themembers’ that newcomers feel welcome is a detail that should be time. Berry. The time and place for book. Some chapters workout the or not. happening. then Arthur Loesser. In rebuilding a piano it is the atten. Still there are many details that must be informed and know how they feel. Running the meetings takes some preplanning. doesn’t reach the members in time for ference between doing things successfully them to plan. I taken care of. It pays to make clear at the meeting allows the members to accomplish more for their efforts. “Men. there are some places where exams are just a simple postcard meeting notice or one of our professional not happening at all and there is little inclination to make looking newsletters that chapters have.assume that someone else will do it. a fine tone quality is a the details of each meeting can be put in grace that is only conferred upon an instru. Meetings that are newcomers are often ignored and leave feeling that the thrown together at the last minute will lack imagination Guild is a bunch of snobs. during the month of the meeting. All the planning done on the meeting itself will be lost if the newsletter how we follow up on them makes the dif. but timeliness is a critical one. of the newsletter is to disseminate information vital to the Making an organization run well is a challenge operation of the chapter. I had my believeinthegoalsof theorganizationandcan feel that you share of newsletters that arrived one or two days before the are really accomplishing something by your work. the lifeblood of the organization and the place where most People are so glad to see their friends at the meeting that people gain benefit from the Guild. goes fairly smoothly in places where exams are happening. There are many details involved that takes great attention to details. Details And Decisions D etails are an important part of our life. Doing this will often make you thinkof problems up call to be sure to personally invite them to the next ahead of time when you can take steps to keep them from meeting. If people are better documented. whole year’s meeting schedule at the tion to details that separates the good job beginning of the year and publish it in from the mediocre one. Many newcomers are waiting for an invita- have found that it is quite valuable to rehearse the meeting tion to join. E meeting for those in town and after the meeting for those 4 -&ToBER1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Careful planning one is busy with his own work but some- makes the organization run more smoothly which in turn one needs to follow up. I’. painstaking What happens after the chapter devotion to every detail and every essence makes decisions? How well are the ac- of its construction. The rewards of work- in making a newsletter. Meetings need to be planned well ahead so members prospectivemembersatmeetingsand howit followsupon can be notified and attend. and this will require someone making a follow- mentally. by each meeting is established ahead.and manpower for the exam. RTT tions that are taken followed up? Chapter steady fusion of diverse excellences. It is the chapter meeting that is them certainly runs the gamut from chapter to chapter. How a chapter treats ings.” President decisions often involve paperwork or Running an organization is just as phone calls to make them happen. How much attention we pay to them and out of town. ing for an organization are many.

STEINWAY G SONS Steinway Place.1989. of gentleness. Long Island City.. NY 11105 (718) 721-2600 . The managementand craftsmenof Steinway& Sonsworldwide deeplymourn the passingof our belovedformer chairman on August 29. STEINWAY 1917.1989 "Ammof angel’swit und sing&~ learning.. uffubility und mrveloza-mirth.. 1- In Memoriam JOHN H. unzun forallS&zSO?d~..

Winchester. how much different de- range of more specific justifications: im.S. it may be the wealth of We’ve all seen people who will debate an issue until technical information in the monthly journal and chapter tempers fray and then go out for a drink after the meeting newsletter. Joint action for the extremes can be found in any group of people in any common good is what makes an organization like the profession. Give the same dozen people others run successful businesses.. giv. including computer applications. Old enemies sometimes make ter meetings where the latest technical tips and product in. which allows them a voice in setting everyone seeseye to eye -debates are rare and when they standards for their profession. I’m sure there are at least 3. bers to agree to disagree and still put the For a technician in an area where pianos and piano organization’s best interests above their own disputes.704 good ‘Give a dozen ity. technicians are relatively sparse. RT’T COLLEGE AND CONSERVATORY Admissions. Z A Piano Technology Certifica in Eight Months. All these reasons and Emotions run high and personalities clash. should be a task or goal. single-mindednessand a strongpersonal- bers. people a task or selves to a cooperative state of mind. Virginia 22601 (703)665-4581 . ideas on how it pending on how clearly the document proving technical skills. This encompasses a wide get a dozen interpretations.’ on how it should be accomplished. probably none of them is completely ing something back in return for benefits Larry Goldsmith wrong. Others are based on an edgy truce between closely balanced opposing forces. occur. or an A. There’s a common thread here. FROM THE HOME OFFICE Communication Is Key W hy do we join organizations like the Guild? Since we now have 3. degree with I two years of study. the Guild’s friends who sympathize with the vagaries strength has been in the ability of i ts mem- of a life in piano service. regulation. obtain. Tuning. tive? The only certain thing is that the worst chapters are Operating your own business successfully is not for those that exist in name only . they are calm and reasoned. Elective studies in antiaue instrument construction. And peer recognition in one’s chosen field. formation are exchanged. It takes selfdiscipline.nobody’s talking at all. And therein lie potential problems. already received. Give Still. and you’ll a dozen people an organizational docu- like the Guild for one basic reason: self. most people join organizations goal. These two justifications are based on cooperation.704 mem- the weak-hearted. and you’ll get a dozen different improvement. and you’ll get a dozen ideas ing valuable industry contacts. ment.the best friends. repair and rebuilding of grand and upright pian Business practices. or simply developing Executive Director Through the years. An urban technician may value frequent chap like the old friends they are.. Others may cite the Guild’s Some Guild chapters are harmonious affairs where democratic structure. learning how was written. attaining accomplished. traits that do not necessarily lend them- reasons for being a Guild member. Program Coordinator: David Hoffman. Who’s to say which is better and more produc- Guild tick.

write to me.Or call (213)926-3200. A great piano has to do a lot more than as well as acknowledgement of your own. year after year. Director of Technical Services response. Blvd. Cerritos. quick Alan Vincent. week out. even risky. So if a customer should have a problem with a Young Chang piano. And our promise is a 12yearfill war- ranty. But we consider every Young Chang piano a testament of our dedication to uncompromised integrity. time is of the essence. serious practice. The besttheworld hasto off&” . While mostmanufacturers offer proof of performance in feet and inches.we offer our proof in years. Young Chang studio pianos are crafted to provide extraordinary perform- ance week in. Many manufacturers consider such a promise bold. reliable intonation and consistent at Young Chang America. Becausewhen it comes to great perform- ing schedule or the demanding hours of ance. For technical information on Young Chang That’s why Young Chang pianos are grand and vertical pianos. designed to offer remarkable tone. we’ll fix it or replace it at no cost to them. 13336Alondra performance. look great on paper.. Whether enduring the rigors of a full teach. CA90701.

I’d be oscillation of the string). 1). Modem domestic agraffes come in threatening to quit the piano business 7/32” or l/4” shank. both with a 36 and go to law school. Another important consideration an hourglass- ent this month. at the agraffe. critical to keep strings from hitting each all my own shop work. Over ing wire (although with performance or will affect hammer and damper align. the older the piano. race by my civic duty: jury duty. larly wound-string bichords) may be that I no longer have the luxury of doing the more incidental procedures are in. I opted to use a limited quantity of in serious trouble-or else out of the If the agraffe is intact (not broken more suitable agraffes which were on rebuilding business. leaving just a stub in the plate). Agraffe Reaming week of shop work. I was tempo. flattening the contact point as either change and my preference is not weren’t for the good fortune of inherit. can affect bearing at the bridge as well as with a very ting a Steinway B ready for restringing. If it abrasive. if First of all. Right? Of course reuse them. Variation here shaped hole The project for the week was get. however. (fig. ing from side to side is a factor. to which size was installed. so remove a house I was excused to spend the re. Spac. and has pro. Like many of us volved in successful restringing. with healthy businesses. a more solid termination). is alignment of the holes. It is unreliable work is tedious! to use the age of the instrument as a clue After one day present at the court. THE TECHNICAL FORUM Rebuilding: Tips. I find that sat. heavily used new pianos.and can alter string height. after all. due to pressure from the exaggerated ered agraffe height to increase bearing). I usually replace the individual string holes were a good delivering major jobs. duced a loose collection of tips. I recommend the experience. This is. (Rusty wire can be quite height. as well as l/32” closer to the base of the agraffe “driving the bus” uses up the time I in those which have been restrung pre. isfying the demand for tuning. it was one of the to consider as well-some of these older holes in the most tiring. contact for the a simple matter of removing and install. there is the matter of nothing else. particularly Figure 1 standby: free to stay at my place of work older European grands. but the situation didn’t call for be spent at the word processor. it is pulled through during unstringing: to make unnecessary alterations. there is often an aesthetic change String- In all honesty. have made a significant difference in in- and weekend hours which used to be mate or usage which suggests unusual creased bearing and lowered string spent in the shop are now more likely to agraffe wear. to be not. off. and in some instances (particu- nical editor has made in my business is the case). and then to ream and buff the Recently. small point of As we know. They are part of the counter sunk m-involved with a lot of the little details beauty of the instrument (and the added from both of grand piano rebuilding. It got me differently shaped. since this string. In general. sample and measure it. which have a but required to be available with an slightly different thread count and will hour’snotice. piano work. mass may very well affect voicing due to sides (fig. other. restringing a piano is rarely which may affect hammer boring. specific. two well-trained and ex. anos. The result is dures and tools which I intend to pres. And Tools Susan Graham Technical Editor A change that taking the post of tech. time this con. proce. (There ing Shari Weissman and John heavy use tends to have the same effect are times when I have deliberately low- Ellinthorpe. 2). this may be ment. You think piano thread (threads per inch). In such pi. frustrating and happiest agraffes are more substantial and quite agraffe are weeks I’ve spent in a long time. voicing Agraffe Replacement the new agraffes were bored so that the and other in-home service. and in general agraffes in older instruments. The night viously or were in some particular cli. it hand.Theresult wasanenforced accommodate neither size. selling and For instance. and install a new one. I can’t say for sure if this would have to devote to piano work. One will also mainder of the week on telephone encounter instruments. should be an easy matter to unscrew it remainder of the original agraffes and rarily saved from the service call rat. Procedures. tremely skilled shop technicians. it has broken my habit of size. In the case of this particular job. Figure 2 8 ~XTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .

able from suppliers from time to Figure5 OCTOBER1989PIANOTECHNICIANSJOURNAL-9 . it Chris also mentioned that a #l bit. I always arrangement of exposed blades which meet the reduced point. Use a scale or a strip of problem even with the tool holder ex. I found one simply by going For those who may be unfamiliar saved. If the agraffe struts. 3). and are infinitely useful in the shop- The modification must be done by weevennumberscrewsandothermetal a good machinist used to doing preci. they may be out). feres with straight accessinto the hole. Drill small reaming it and examining the result with holes through the ends of the strip into a loupe or magnifying glass to learn the plate and “pin” it to the plate with how much or how little pressure and brads (ideally. or have in a power driven tool: Robinsonuses an material removed from the base air-driven drill (his shop is set up to run so it can be turned slightly far- on air tools) which turns rather slowly at ther. reinstallation. zinging and all the other symptoms pens if an attempt is made to ream by of poor termination. 5). though by the time this goes to print This tool is made by modifying a ror). both sides (there simply isn’t enough time: at this writing. material to leave much margin for er. I adapted Robinson’s tion must be turned down to l/16” (tol. Get them when you #2 5/64” Do-All center drill.. It can be done on a piece of difficultymaintaininguniformfootpres. but my choice is a strip of sure. using it on agraffes which had already grinding the base. if you have (fig. diately (aggravating) or in the To allow clearance under plate future (worse still).Thecuttingpor. however. 400 ‘pm. it must either the bit by drilling a hole in a 6” length of be shimmed with a thin washer l/4” drill rod.. masking tape. control. these holes are drilled time is required to do the job.. anymore and older grands with very small agraffe you risk breakage. and all cutting use the Foredom with the reostat foot will shave brass from the agraffe base edgesmust be resharpened and refluted. Abrasive cord. held against theagraffe. the appropriate (fig. Chris makes a tool holder for cannot be aligned. the agraffe find one who would do small cutter must face in correct alignment grinding jobs (his primary work is on withthestrings. To really rec. string the agraffes on a wire in a line on the mylar which parallels the order as they are removed. If it seats just near an airport). as is the use of a cello from the tuning pin side usually inter- string or a tiny rattail file. The neck assumption that they could be replaced) called a counterbore which has a similar must be turned down appropriately to and accesswas not a problem. alignment is gradually with the bit engaged in an not difficult to achieve. It is somewhat ran. A wedge could be inserted to stop alignment of the agraffe to the strings the control at that point. A Sharpie felt reduced. make a pattern to record the facing or ing. wood. He woodcarvers’supplyoutfits. adding a It is a double-ended tool: have both ends speed was determined by increasing it shim or removing material. If accessto where they will be covered with under- the agraffe while it is in the plate is a string felt later). Foredom tool handpiece.. since the first attempt at using any washers which come loose. Figure4 experimental agraffe until the bit just before removing the old agraffes. I recommend and it is tricky to ream uniformly from the reamer developed by Chris Robin. without either chattering (which hap Figure3 ing.003). clear mylar (art supplies).canbeused reams the hole from the speaking length to renew the holes. can be forced no more than l/4 from thesame source. The angle of the plate surface dom. For shaving or pany(l-8O@Do-All-Co). short of the correct alignment. without modification. Experiment with an old agraffe. This speed permits removing a The washersbecomeavail- tiny peel of brass from the agraffe hole. stopped chattering and started ream. With the two options. since I was a hardware store item. will sometimes fit of a turn to align it. etc. This marker works well: these will make a this tool frequently results in breaking gives you a fighting chance of fairly easy permanent mark on almost any surface off the tip.tact flattens or can burr.Agraffe Installation parts with them. reate the hourglass shape. and draw tension. The agraffe pattern is sion work. along with “face” of the agraffe. The reamer musf be used made for the purpose. side only. but no promises. 4). beenremoved(inahappybutmisguided use of an end mill by locating a tool erance is nominal: +/. either imme- holes. In this case.butmustalsobe aircraft-look for someone with a shop snug to the plate. which is a I chucked the bit directly into the can and have them on hand: they are not lathe tool available from the Do-All Com. causing buzz. Chaff has them (al- son (fig. and all the agraffes are removed through the Yellow Pagesand calling to with installation. hand) or removing too much material available from some suppliers and from (the usual result of too high a speed).

If the agraffes seem particularly tap in an electric drill.. relatively small and ruster at the base of each one prior to After the threading is renewed. although others have achieved Wally Brooks. If it is un- groove. amounts of brass. is made. It is a fluted steel grind- 10 --OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . The length of the ing the holes closer to the plate. I’ve had good be used to remove more substantial success with copying his initial idea. does not fit to mark one corner of it with This tool becomes more and more Removing the agraffes permits a Sharpie before removing it either to useful in the shop as one becomes accus- easy access to the plate surface around shave the base or add a washer: if a mark tomed to its use and abilities. done without removing the plate from turn but fitting snugly to the plate. pins (see cover photo). fuss. Hacksaw off one end and cut overbearingchanges. agraffes being drilled much “higher” yond that. These taps are “Fuss. It would be fastest with the voice. i t gives you a reference to deter. for that suggestion) in the avoidable to reduce the base this exten- the same result with a small grinding holes to keep finish out of them. It isn’t necessary to cleaner and more solid the termination of the tool to slip off and mar the plate. theagraffemust faceintheproperalign.Thisisdone be marred if the tool is too rough. if the job is being ment. it instance is a woodcarvers’ item. the threading at the very top all edges with a file and/or a buffing kinds of amusement to subsequent roof. It the vicinity of the pinblock. happen to use these gold-sprayed nails unthreaded portion of shank going into After the crude cutting is done. 6).Iuseit to”scrape”betweenbridge another in the millions of little steps mine how much effect either the shav. It is counterproductive to end up The cross arms of the tool act as a the appropriate tap to clean and renew with no threads at all. there is no question that the Richard encountered was an inclination have them on hand. You with an appropriately sized drill bit. It will also find that agraffes are not a Installing New Agraffes must bedonecarefully. Before I several months ago. but I do it by hand stubborn. fuss. and I agree. Several mod- plate is going to be refinished. If not to force the resultant exposed. installing new agraffes motor. 7). guiding the toparm. Be sure not to cross better.Caremustbetaken an agraffe-sized groove in the stub. and the customer is happier. install is inclined to pull itself down into the some re-cutting of the groove. work and has developed a series of The counterbore (or end mill) can definitive agraffe tools.” you say. over a agraffeandspun. this a major factor type blade in the hacksaw to cut the spraytheplateIputroofingnails(thanks. the threads. it will afford all the plate). in causing agraffe breakage. of the agraffe hole in the plate should be wheel: brass agraffes are soft and may ers). the piano is easier to tune and ness end which prevents slipping. wheel or lathe or it may bind where As pointed out by Isaac Sadigursky spacing is close. inexpensive tool. run the tap all the way down into the points of the speaking length-bridge. since the and armed with the Davenport agraffe brother of the moto-tool. The problem which them from your favorite supplier and However. This will “arms” of the tool must be enough to remedy the problem of holes in new allow clearance over plate struts. deburr later. set of graduated colle& available. stance. be. substantially reduc- which is to make a tool from a four-way ing the thickness of the base and lower- lug wrench (fig. so use compressed air to dry been so effective to allow a complete sories are sold. so it can be engaged on an the threads in the holes..controllingitbyloosely also not a hardware store item: order very little part of a piano. clean appearance to ing or the washer has had. non- the diameter of the shank is too large.before the plate is sprayed. I use the “‘3” series good policy to keep it as clean as pos. the Foredom is the big removal. permitting control can find. being forced no more than l/4 is necessary for various sized bits. (If you sively (enough so there is an appreciable wheel in a Foredom or Dremel tool. brush to put a drop of a penetrating alignment. you may want to use a small with a tap handle to keep a “feel” on the Speaking Of The Foredom. avail- a rebuilding job. the inimitable Richard Dav. Needless to say. reamed to provide clearance.agraffe washers. A very handy. For in- them to clean it up and sand it smooth. however. flywheel. The bit in this which make a good. the #44 B handpiece and the sible (even though it will be washed isarelativelysimpleoperation. on your roof. He has refined a T-shaped version of the hole--only as far as the shank of the agraffe and cape--the better. There is a thoroughlyand wipeddownwithnaph. I used an abrasive rod. which may require After the plate is sprayed. reostatic foot control (fig. The threaded holes are can be confusing-has the alteration able where Foredom or mototool acces- exposed. the new agraffes. purchase the cheapest you than the old ones.Asstated. revolution.them after the plate is washed. returning the agraffe to the There is a tool that fits the combi. and it is a tool. Tone is same thing with a sleeve over the busi. yield the ability to achieve consistent However.agraffe will extend. lubricants may be helpful in a case of one which Foredom Scrapes Bridges are definitely not advised. and predictable results in the fitting enport has no patience with such slow process. it threaded portion of the shank into the will need ‘to be reduced on a grinding threaded section of the plate. the counterbore and a package of els are available. since the drill bit uniform thickness. which tha). The first step is to use hole. Otherwise. same incorrect alignment? Or did it do nation handle sold by our suppliers nothing? A little concentration should which can be used to remove agraffes. Don’t spray it on.

hardeners. TheForedomisparticu. leading up to the strike point. Figure 8 instance. (This job felt removal when theyarefirstinstalled the careful tutelage of the one and only used to take an hour. It is critical. Muchlikepolishingthetopsofthebridge pins (with a belt sander). I never ence. fine op. a more appropriate tool. kind of shaping are the softer. but which contributes to the general impression of a well-done job.-but it with a definite slope to the shoulders The Foredom can be used to do isn’t going to (at least not now). This permits re- moving built-up old finish. OCZTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . this is a little detail which a customer may not notice specifically. to sound or work properly with the out too much wood but with a little Hammers which may need this action. and I do find they a specific shape out of the mass of wool. since the high rpm of that tool them. oth- heavily on removing felt erwise a loose tuft may be left on the from the striking point. Steinway has a technical bulletin on cludes shaping hammers (fig. cumference. This createsa pointed a shape. working with a to achieve tone without excessive use of Franz Mohr) is critical to working with very tiny chisel/scraper). and a anything a moto-tool will do.. learn to work with sult them for an illustration.and surface. which interferes with clean termination at the bridge pin. the speed some consistency with the original de. voicing methods. learning to achieve eration. domestic the desirable shape. Varying the speed with the foot control. no shaping other than the rough sand- sign of the instrument. It also yields a very new. and fits Figure 7 between bridge pins. For instance. to insure that the strike point times we concentrate too felt is attached to the shoulder felt. but the hammer In the case of between-the-bridge-pin rubber drum and sanding bands avail. circumference of the hammer. For ing they receive just out of the press. tool. To save time in the more to be sure of maintaining an even initial shaping process. It is not to use the Foredom: the job is dictate that equal amounts of felt be finished by hand with a removed from all points around the sand paddle. many of us become accustomed to the subject and it would be best to con- had much luck doing this with the mote one style of hammer. dirt. controls the speed of the cut and allows me to do very fine work as well as quick control feature of the Foredom makes it lot of bad voicing: insufficient felt is left wood removal of a more crude variety. etc. I One thing which I have come to inclines it to gouge and scallop-at least. I use Steinway shaping them is not a matter of slavishly hammers @Jew York) on following layers of felt around the cir- New York Steinway pi. This topic could lead into a their pianos. 8). but a lot. tail. 11 . I use the small covering the molding. Once again. care must be taken not to gouge able for the moto-tool. it is usual that only lady useful in removing felt enough is taken off the actual striking from the lower portions of point to even out any “cup” left when the hammer-nearest the the hammers are cut apart. under both sides of both bridges. etc. Many however. I surface moss the hammer. “finished” look to the bridges. is still too heavy and overweight either work. but is a process of creating anos. I find this in. pointed and conical. This is the hazard many of us ignore the excess hanging encounter in trying to achieve too down below. and prefer to stick with them. At the risk The hammers you choose to use in similar slope going down toward the of causing shock waves. need shaping--sometimes Layers are watched at this stage. I think of this shape as the long discussion of the merits of various pointed end of an egg: rounded. shank and the tail. but Foredom Shapes Hammers hammers. Steinway is quite specific about practice this becomes a quick. taking about 15 minutes to do style which often require quite a bit of that shape (which I finally did. but I fixed it to an L- shaped chunk of pinblock material so I can clamp it to any convenient surface.ing bit.rebuilding are largely a matter of prefer. The Foredom comes with a metal hanger which could be mounted to a wall or bench. also give consideration to maintaining realize is that if the hammers have had in my hands.

efficient stroke. of course.Y LV.rm. ginning of the stroke. leaving a hard core just hand with 40. need to add any chemical hardeners to on. or the edges “bro- result in (or call attention to) a protrud. P. .““. to polish the they are best done entirely by handy pass them along. I finish off the ham. This may all three strings simultaneously. at the crown with sugarcoating over the paddle.. there is no handle in the way and I can string.” . mers (particularly the hard-pressed) do versible model Foredom motor. may occasionally re. -LLYVA.. ing-best use of this tool calls for the re- discovered a workable hammer under. Finally.1’dbevei-y only to decide that another complete Baldwin or Isaac. This has a slight ient shoulders. I am still more focussed on ing and ironing. CA 91609 ‘C 24 Hour Phone Ordering Service (213) 877-0674 12 .O. hoping available through McCall Piano Service with the paddle when I have reached the to achieve good tone and still have a (who also carries a tiny belt sander at- layer I want: the point at which excess resilient hammer. often they require enough less filing so nity have discovered-and I’ll be sure to backed with duct tape. of finishing off the shap. This helps necessary to do some “juicing” (also a manageable tool with a variety of func- the sandpaper bite into the felt. It is acceptable and usually The Foredom is a useful and laying it against the surface. It is Sometimes I could swear I can feel I prefer to keep it to a minimum. OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . tainable from McCall).. * ta[ . the hammers produce that lead me to make the point that removing felt from the upper and lower enough tone so the piano can be played different stylesof hammersrequire very shoulders and not the strike surface. tachment intended for hammer shap- soft felt has been removed and I have Other styles and makes of ham. Hit for an initial break-in period before I differenttreatment-wecouldgoonand the hammer with the paddle at the be. As stated. interested to hear other uses that my in- filing is necessary. ** . but more ventive friends in the technical commu- mers with finer paper (220) in a strip. m : A?? I PHONE OR WRITE FOR INFORMATION &!fACIFIC PIANO SUPPLY CO. *I . quire such heavy felt removal. . with good shaping. but I wanted to mention the usefulness pull felt off with a long. l Easy to Install I Formulated for plasti Send S5. Ironing the cup removed. I finish by well as strike point. I use an electric hammer different: they may require little or no . . l New Design l Neat Appearance “Hi-Gloss” Finis. and Once again.I\. I learned from Mr.WV . Often. of the Foredom in some instances. them. . such as woodworkers’supplyoutlets. Other soft-style hammers.. Be sure to iron the entire hammers is deep vertical needling to After I have achieved the basic surface of the hammer-shoulders as open up the felt and create more resil- shape with the Foredom. They may need lower edges of the hammer. between the top surface and the side- it into the felt (it can cause damage to the Prop the tails so the hammers are at but the primary voicing I do on these backcheck).. being sure to filing and should not be attacked with remove a quantity of felt from the very keep the strike point level so it will strike coarse grades of paper. it is often necessary to iron to smooth the surface. . also ob- neath.” PACIFICPIANOMANUFACTURES UPRIGHTS-SPINETS I PIANO BENCHES r CALL FOR 1 TOP NEW! at Pacific PiAnn CI rnnlw . long topic not being discussed here) but tions for the imaginative technician. ONYOUR 1f###IxI . I surface and remove any remaining loose Hard-pressed hammers are quite fuzz. rather than simply the felt.““. . thisisnotdetailed instruc- simply glued to it (spray adhesive) so hammers’ ability to rebound from the tion in hammer shaping and voicing. Mohr to use which seems to improve the tension/ strike surface itself. Box 9412 l North Hollywood.or 60..00for Complete Catalog.. aplainslatabout1O”longwiththepaper compression balance and help the Clearly. can also be done with a conventional ken”-a slight rounding of the comer ing staple: squeeze it with pliers to sink clothes iron-wool setting. It can also be trial and error. polish. and I do not employ the Foredom on found at some hardware stores and ing and trying the action in the piano.grit paper on a shrinking effect on the outer layer of felt. Other times may require some not usually require as much shaping. strike position.

(Due to our small circulation and the non- at the Home Office. Oakland. Kansas City. however. This we strive to do. 2967 Madeline St. All material submitted is considered for publica- done on unlined paper. responses to other articles.CCll’ By ARTHUR A. UT Committee. Color slides are the best format. and 4. in advance. and ateeditor. Material in almost any format is welcome. here is a and economic affairs should be sent to Carl Root. The Editorial Advisory Committee serves as a permission. PTG-related internal affairs should go to 1. including corrections on otherwise typed tors are charged by bylaws to acknowledge receipt of copy -it is better to type corrections on a separate sheet material within a month. CA 94602. theHomeOfficebythefirstofthepreceedingmonth. add 796 sa2. theeditorial staff doesnot have time to graphs are also suitable. REBLllZ. if necessary. A Few Words About The Journal: In recent years the editorial staff (Larry. Suite includes questions..tion. Anyone wishing to do extensive work on a particu- Susan) has held a meeting during the international conven. we have success in get- IBM-style systems (mine is an AT clone and Rick’s an Atari ting permission to reprint: this is proving to be a valuable with some IBM capability). Photocopies of pictures.Unfortunately.. 37 Pleasant St. and suggestions 5.95 Color coded for size identiflcatlon + $2 mail 0153 UPS 2% ea. we may print. brief technical tips. The edi- handwriting. in formation to obtain permission to reprint. double-spaced hard copy (on paper. Artwork: Here again.most orders shipped withln 24 hours Box 97 = Vesta! 62 NY 13851 PJl’Res. whatever we get. 220N. This Larry Goldsmith at the Home Office. well. This prevents Committee. Rick. 100. date and issue number. if it is good quality type on paper. joins us to express the plans and needs of his duplication of effort. either review and/or comment on innovative or controversial from other publications or from prints. KIT Extremely tough yet will not dull a knife ‘5% Technician’s Biblo’ Now in Paperback for only $19. and to give other words) is suitable.. publication. lar topic should contact the appropriate editor or commit- tion to discuss the Journal with any and all interested tee chair. And Now. with an outline of the material parties. book reviews. 3. are useless-please material which the author is not ready to seepublished. may be some time before material is used in the magazine. CA 95888 (707) 448-4792 SOBER 1989 PMNO TECHNICIANSJOURNAL. “Gray pages” material sent to Larry Goldsmith scanner. Vacavllle. this is currently sometimes can be included in the current issue if it reaches the most useful form for submissions. and is available to evaluate material submit- use color (due to high publication cost) is on the cover. Color: the only place we currently review board. scan nicely.the most economical precision cauls available TEE VESTAL PRESS Order by phone . 2684W. longer articles. If submitted material is a reprint from another of interesting material in other publications which we may source. Typed. P both “art” and functional shots are welcome. In send originals or other material which will photocopy other words. and allows the editorial staff to gauge committee. We ted either by the editors or by writers wishing another always appreciate good cover art (although it may be some opinion about their materialfollowing reviewby theapppi- time before it is used).s lax For catalog call or write BILLSPURLOCK 3574 Cantelow Rd. as chairman of the Economic Affairs intended for coverage and a writing sample. material pertaining to inter- the Journal: national relations should go to Ed Hilbert. good clean line drawings. business For the benefit of those unable to attend. Bristol. since both Rick and I are in profit nature of the organization. Provo. Black and white photo. it and indicate where they are to be inserted. The International Relations should be sent fo Rick Baldassin. Carl Root. 7. .. which is charged with preparing articles on interest in particular topics. Be sure to give exact credit of sources so we can obtain 8. SPECIAL77 TOOLS FOR PIANO TECHNICIANS HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE KEY BUSHING CAULS PIANO SERVICKNG Single and double shoulder types TUNING % REBUILDING Guaranteed accurate to +/.VT 05443. the home office can be entered into the computer via a 6. Rockville. Material pertaining to tuning business topics for the Journal. 13 . 4510 Belleview. The layout is done on a Macintosh proper credit.. MD 20350. technical material should be submitted to Susan submits appropriate material. However. We must have this in- 2. and since the material sent to source of material). be sure to include full name and address of the be able to reprint.There Thescannerfand theeditor)hasdifficultypickingup is at least a seven week lag for all other material. 3 Tapiola summary of the guidelines and suggestions for writing for Court. also receives and 84601. Graham. MO 64111. with Ed Hilbert as chairman.

Store as many temperaments as you desire. PIANOS CAN DIE OF THIRST! YOU ARE THE DOCTOR! In wintertime. Training DAMPP-CHASER@ ELECTRONICS CORPORATION Box 1610 l Hendersonville. write to: organ or piano quickly and accurately. 5514 Clara ing was. Tom Jenkins won’t have to remember how great your last tun. MA 01824 H z: College System Equal Opportunity l-800-FAST-440 Accredited by the Southern In MA 508-256-7374 Association of Colleges and Schools 14 -&TOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . nine full octaves from Cl through B9. ~’‘3/a. Now. Don’t let your patient die of thirst! Don’t just treat the symptom by tuning and making repairs. RTT (713) 466-6654 REMEMBER Piano Technology. b.. Install Hands-On a complete DAMPP-CHASER* PIANO LIFE SAVER@ SYSTEM in each piano you service. you can tune any pipe For more information. Commercial Music Performance. Or. Send today for the FREE Inventronics catalog: Houston $3 ‘2.9 Acton Rd.Community sBZ I nventronics ncorporated . on all pianos which already have DAMPP-CHASER Dehumidifiers and Humidistats. Piano Pedagogy. Band and Orchestra Instrument Technology That’s why you need the Sanderson Accu- ‘Lmer II” to help speed you through the Department of Commercial most rugged terrain. And for quick temperature Job Placement/Living compensation. Audio and Recording Technology It’s pitch range. with colder weather and increasing reliance on inside heating.(713) 468-6891 can store up to 208 complete 88-note tunings. For the time you save. Technicians are a piano’s professional doctor. NC 28739 Learn from Call l-800-43801524 5 Year Guarantee Experienced @a\ 10 For Details Professionals Department of Piano Technology -Jim Geiger. And you Dr. all pianos (even those in homes with central or room humidifiers) will experience lower relative humidity and a drop in pitch. Performance. Electronic Keyboard Technology ST TUNING? Department of Music Instrument Technology he Accu-llmer II Can! (713) 466-6654 It’s a jungle in there. or worse. add a Model HM-2 (for Verticals) or a Model GHM-1 (for Grands) complete Humidifier including the Low Water Warning Light Career and Easy-Fill Kit. TX 77041 The SandersonAccu-Rmer II by Inventmnics. Chelmsford. the price is but peanuts. easily accomodates every pipe on even the AA and AAS degrees/Certificates largest pipe organ. This amazing computer Musk . cracked bridges. you simply recreate it. or develop and store your own tunings. pitch can be easily offset to match Quarters Assistance that of a pnncipal A or C. including Commercial Music Jazz special celeste or non-standard-pitch tunings. with stored tunings. Under extreme conditions this can also lead to loose keys and cracked soundboards. Houston.

this relationship no longer holds true. Alan writes: scalepastF#3 toF3 through C3.we would haveto Calculator.7 A5 A5 3.7for B3 B5 1.As we movedown the ing the descendingprogressionof cent val- Chapter.1 A#5 A#5 3.7 B4 B5 2. but a precise were.9 ning at F#3 and moving upwards to F4.2 the half octave that is problematic. 2ndpartialofF4(FS). C#3 C#5 -2.7 F#4 F#5 0. and tune F3-F4as a 4:2 octave. E3 E5 -1. Sanderson’sStretch Calculator no such relationship to their octavesand extend up into the rangeof the Stretch Cal- witheitherthesight-0-TunerorSanderson doubleoctavesF3 is tuned using partial F5. not the 2nd.0 C6 C6 3. Octave. when tuned with the Stretch to A3. tk lowestoctavesin thestretch aural verification confirmedthat thosenotes control the 4th partial of F3 tF5).and makeand modeldo not necessarilyhavethe the Stretch Calculator. perhapsmorethan OXOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Becauseof the way then discoveredthat he could tack on. of course. the best Stretch Number.3 samecoincident partial with slightly differ G3 G5 -0.2 note.2 C5 C6 3.0 preciseamount of stretch. Dr.5 C#6 C#6 4.0 E6 E6 5.3 A3-A4. RTI’.6 E5 E6 5. that is.0 for A5. for ex.I were indeedpt.0 Cent its range (C3 to F3).5 F6 F6 6. a 29 octavewhich L 1. Recently. Begin. similar changeswere necessa y.5 A4. TUNING UP The Stretch Calculator: Another View Rick Baldassin Tuning Editor 0Alan urfirstletterthismonthcomesfrom Cate. Sandersoncame discussionis thefact that pianosof thesame havea different point to makein regards to upwith thethreeoctaves(F#3-F6)first.But Z the Stretch Calculator.7 FS-F6.0 specifiesthat thepartial A5 beusedfor each A#3 A#5 1. of the Los Angeles some people might prefer. According to Patrick.Tk Stretch Berry’s reply in theJuly issuebring up some that tk samecoincident partial is used to Calculator almost always gives very g00a important points for thoseof us who tune tuneall three.0 G5 G5 2.0 is 2. found it necessa y to raisethesettingsfor C3 Ron Berry is entirely correct in latorwon’tallow us todo this becauseituses through E3.F3and thenotesbelowit have results (exceptfor wrapped strings which using Dr.5 thereis a seriesof 12 “octavedoubleoctave” D#3 D#5 -2. And Cent Settings For A 5.I havetuned otherpianoswhere pointing out the importanceof determining the 4th partial to tune F4. Take. D3 D5 -2. Becauseof this.on tkother uesfir the 4th partials.3 D5 D6 4.3 G#4 G#5 1.to giving poor settings for the lowest notes of Table 1: Note.4 D#6 D#6 5.7 from A4-A5. and 3. fying that these zxllues would work on a the March issue of the Journal and Ron WhereasF#3 is related to F#4 and F#5 in numberofpianos. Accu-Tuner.forsomepianos. in order to piano. it is susceptible. The Stretch Calculator relates the F3 F5 -1. and a 4:l doubleoctavewhich D#4 D#6 3.8 ample.2 notes in eachof thesegroups by using the F#3 F#5 -0.0 D6 D6 4.3 centswidefrom A3-A5.7forA3. In this case. and the range were clearly too wide. The Stretch Calculator covers a Note Sat Cents Note Sat Cents Note Sat Cents rangeof 3-112octavesK3-F6). The Stretch Calculator A3 A5 0.2 G4 G5 1. thereis no way to control tk new Bosendorferconcert grand which be- tor program.veri- The letter from Patrick Pot&on in hand. particularly the Stretch Calculator program k con- structed.3 centswide D4 D6 3. This meansthat we are C4 C6 2. 15 . three but F4 and F5 are tuned using @-ial F6. that is F#3-F#4-F#5 through F4. It is usually c3 c5 -3.6 F#5 F#5 2.5 ent cent offsetsfor stretch. and perhaps that I can only assumethat in creating Another point touched upon in this was part of the problem in this case. eachusing the Stretch Calcula.4 G#5 G#5 2.7 A4 A5 1.9 tuninga 4:2 octavewhich is 1 cent widefrom C#4 06 2.andgivessettingsof0.5 and double octavesare constructed with a F4 F6 5. A3-A4-AS. G#3 G#5 0.however.9 D#5 D#6 4.failed the tuning exambecause amount of stretch at the 4:2 octaveand 4:1 haved similarly to Patrick Poulson’s exam of notesjudged to beflat in the range of C3 double octave. but thestretchcalcu.5 B5 B5 3.an additional six notesby extrapolat- amount neoertheless. eoenwhen the correct Stretch Number Stretch Number is being used.In other words.1.And it works.3 F5 F6 5.2 A#4 A#5 2.7 C#5 C#6 3.1 groups. and. The piano was a Steinway D.Iencountereda applicants. Theseoctaves E4 E6 4. as it same tuning characteristics. culator on smaller pianos).

so the 2nd partial would be at 0. E4 = 0.5 G#4-G#5 1. F4 = 5.0.7.7 E4 E5 00’ E 3-E 4 1.7 0.1 0. Stretch Number by 12 (4222).9 C#4-C#5 0.4 F 4-F 6 0. gressions.as was done for the (shown inTable 1). The Stretch Number in this caseis process? Let us take a closer look.0 0. The 4th partial of F3 partials.0 0. If G3-G4 1. of the squares of the two partial num- Dr.9 0.6 As we can see (in Table 31.7 0.8 0. From Table 2. If this was the case.6. Alan’s statements to F6.6 F#3-F#4 1. the Stretch F#3-F#4 1.6 1. since the 2nd and 4th Stretch Calculator give 4:2 octaves that which translates to 0.1 D#4 D#5 -0.3 And Beats Note Sat cents Note Sat cents 4:2 Ott Cents Beats Incorporating these projected 2nd c3 c5 -3.6. Al.4. D#4-D#5 0.the 4:2 F3 F5 -1.7 0. demon simply “tacked on” notes C3 to order that we might more easily visual.2 Number for note F4 must be entered). Conversely. wecancalculatethecentwidth D3 D5 -2.5 D 5-D 6 0. In Stretch Number.8 0. as in Table 3.3 0. Note that partials were used.2 C4 C5 -1. San- Our thanks to Alan for his letter.5 A#4-A#5 1.5 C#4C#6 1. smoothly.6 octaves from notes C3 to E3 behave very F#3 F#5 -0.6 tortables.7 D#4 = 4.5 A4-A5 1. we have the inharmonicity constant. cerning the construction of the Stretch I will explain why this is so.8 0. we have TheBosendorfermentionedabovesurprised that the progressions for the 2:l octaves. and are in line with those of 16 -&TOSER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .6 note F#3. the 4th partial of F4 is at 5. providing the Stretch Numbers * Calculatedbasedon projectedStretchNumbersfor notes C4-E4.6 Calculating for the second partial as before would result as follows: Table 3: Projected Cent Settings And Octave Width In Cents C4 = -1. about the construction of the Stretch E3. double octave relationships for notes F3 ously found tuning other Bosendorfers. F4 = 0.1 Stretch Numbers for notes C4 to E4 A#3-A#4 0.7 1. is -1.2 F4 F5 0. if we divide the were 0. Calculator.0 cent 5.7 0.0 1.3.7 1.9 C#4 C#5 -1. if we multiply the inharmonicity con- Table 2: Octave And Double Octave Width In Cents And stant of a note by 12.5 C 5-C 6 0. with its octave and double It was Alan’s feeling that Dr. what assumptions were made in the Calculator. and cent settings for a 5.6 AH-A#5 2. Knowing the location of the sec.3 0.0 cents below that.5 bps wide.5 0. D#4 = -0.5 D4-D6 1.2 stants progress smoothly.5centswide.7 0.0 assume that the Stretch Numbers for c 4-C 5 0.4 0.3 1. then the A 3-A 4 1.3*+ F 3-F 4 1.8 0.3 0. shown the validity of the octave and mebecauseitdifferedfiomwhatZhadprev& and 4:l double octaves are smooth pro.5 C4-C6 1.and4:1 double the cent width and beat rate of the 4:2 measuring the distance between two octave width for double octaves F#3. and the 2nd partial of F4 is 0. F If we were to measure the Stretch partials. E3 E5 -1. calculate the width of the 4:2 octaves relationships to which Alan referred if we know the cent setting for the 4th fromC3-C4 to E3-E4.5 0. then dividing by the difference F#5 to F4-F6.1 0.3 the Stretch Calculator.0 0. we could illustrate the “octave-double octave” the 2nd and 4th partials of F4. I have printed the notes.0.P C#3C#4 1. Table 2 cents.8 1. by extrapolating the downward ize what Alan was speaking about con. the cent setting for the 2nd F3-F4 octave. E4 = 4. C#4 = 3.0 E 4-E 5 0.3.6 F#4-F#5 1.1 0.2* C 3-C 4 2. the distance between double octave widths in cents and beats this case.5 0. (inharmonicity constants) progress l * Gd~~&ted based on actual Stretch Number for note F4. Let us now examine notes C3 to includinga concertgrand of thesamemodel. Let us B 3-B 4 0.4 0.2 0. (Pleaseremember that for use with 0.2 0.0 would progress smoothly. we can this is in line with the F#3-F#4 octave.3 the 2nd and 4th partials is measured.6 bps.9 0.8 C4 = 3.0. In octave relationships are correct. progression of cents.7 A3-A5 2.6 nicely.4 E 4-E 6 F4-F 5 0. In this case.7* D Z&D4 1.7 G#3-G#5 2.6 B3-B5 1. The Stretch Number is determined Stretch Number.4 0. the octave and partial will be 5.4.5 B 4-B 5 1.9 0. and only a few months older. pianoswhich havebeenrestrung or resealed. per second can be calculated. that the inharmonicity F#3-F#4 to F4-F5.0.7 0. as well.6 partial values into our Stretch Calcula- C#3 C#5 -2.9 D#4-D#6 1. we have what Beats Per Second would be the “Stretch Number” for that 42 Ott Cents Be& 23 Ott Cents Beats 43 Db Ott Cents Beats note.7 F#3-F#5 3. D4 = -0.0 1.8 0.6 and beat rates of the 4:2 octaves below D#3 D#5 -2. though Alan does not mention it. C#4 = -1.4* D#3-D#4 1.3 E 5-E 6 0. When measuring the From Table 1. D4 = 4. octave from F3-F4.4 D#5-D#6’ 0. relationship for note F3 is valid as well.5 D4 D5 -0. in such a way as to by measuring the difference between Number of notes C4 to E4. So far. see that this is indeed the case. the E3. inharmonicity.2 we assume that the inharmonicity con- G#3-G#4 1.2.5 0. partial of F4.7 F#4 F#5 0. bers. Therefore.5 C#5-C#6 0.7. we can now calculate constant for a note can be extracted by octavesF#4-F#4 toF5-F6.0 these notes were as follows: D PD 5 0.5 0.2 F 5-F 6 0. Notice which also beats at 0.6 0.4 0.5 1. 2:l octave width for ond partial of F4.7 G3-G5 2. Sanderson specified that the Thismakesthe4:2octave1.2.3 You may recall from our discussion of lists the 4:2 octave width for octaves cents. also.5 G 4-G 5 1.

and cents. mula instead of frequencies. as Alan has Formula I.67. Our next two letters Finally. and modern tuning which aspiresto thesmooth In conclusion.” His using the term “equal tempera- sound too wide. temperamentwhen we really usepianos.375 (that I do not understand Dennis Gorgas’ more below note F3. Theformula that will do ties. the octaves might If you have occasionto find the note ment. of Lenexa. where the inhar. He stated that you could Using the figures you cited in your project these constants for an octave or response. model.“higher”should can describethe equal temperamentof fre- formulas. and the m-scaled Steinway will do this is: that we use something other than equal D on which Patrick took his exam. cent deviation between two frequen. where n = note number. theequaltemperamentthat we really tuneas I was interested in your responseto you can work with the note number. This is [log (f2/fl) * 12OOl/log 2 = cents common in pianos which have wound 2Al(n-1)/121 * 27.Iunderstand that point is. that tuning in which a given interval or transition into the bass. Another useful formula calculates the Theoretical equal temperament has however. For example.letmepointoutatypographi. following: find that the deviation is 7. It is also in constants which decreased by a pre. 12 * [log Cfl27.thefrequencyof note88. Here.85 cents. meantone progress smoothly.Werckmeisterwell-tempera- Our thanks to Alan Cate for his almost note Gtt-48. equal tempera- tor be used on plain wires only. frequencies. column. problems could be encountered. Using book equal temperament. functional.which useof the term “equal temperament”in his cases. ally. to number of cenfsdeviation from theoretical.7 cents) is 27.llog21+ 1 = n However. R’lT. chord has the samequality in any key). Kent writes: scribed amount. letter and analysis. 7: “Piano fundamentalfrequenciesbelowA.eoenlyspacedfundamentalfrequencies.). Plugging 415 into is distinguished from the unequal historical monicity constants are less likely to Formula 2. progression of beat rates among chromati- the Stretch Calculator. and not G. etc. temperaments(just intonation. that is. note 47 plus 98. note A-49? Using Formula 1. Formula 2. we get the utilizing the above formula. it is important to You cm use Formula 2 to find the cally ascendingtempered intervals.1etterpublishedinyourAugustTuningUp He found that in most cases. KY. (Actu- listen carefully to notes C3 to E3. Dr.real- OCTOBER1989 PIANO TECHNICIANSJOURNAL.theonly notewhosefundamental frequency E3 decreased faster than the Stretch cal frequency of note 1..theoretical.It is possible.30Hz lower than the theoreti..what is thefrequency of cent deviation between 440 and 442. Handel’s personal tuning fork was ment is quite real and in useevery day. RTT. Thereareanynumberofwayswecan are in regard to the letter from Dennis cal error in the sentencethat begutson line acknowledge the differences betweenfre- Gorgas on the subject of actual frequen. mend using note numbers in a scaling for.. we find the answer is 47. which is 0. theseare Bill Garlicks words.5Hz=44OHz ford. formulas which call for frequency. al. measuredat 415 Hz. “The equationsall use the projection down to note C3 worked The frequency for note 1.813 (or note 1 minus 18. a musi- make sure that the interval progressions For example.” quencytablesasabstract. entered as fundamental frequency values taken from out satisfactorily. which is temperament. quency of note 88. we would but individually as octaves. A49 is inharmonicity constants for notes C3 to Hz. which appeared in the Au. and on wound strings.and mentioned. Sandersonconfirmed that Alan The above formulas should be was correct in his assumptions about 2Al(49-l)ll 21 * 27.5 Hz = helpful to thoseinterested in converting lowernotesof theStretchCalculator. response to Dennis’ letter.7 cents.and that thereisasmooth thefrequency442Hz?Theansweris49. f = Where fl and f2 are frequencies in Hz.5 = fn deviation strings which fall in the lower range of the Stretch Calculator. of Morehead. when tuning with n = note number.He 2Y48/12) * 27. ment. For this reason. the formula ment“ in this way seemsto suggest that case with the Bosendorfer which Alan (which is the inverse of Formula 1) which equal temperamentis only theoretical. tuned as part of the Stretch Calculator. This is probably the number of a given frequency. though this is speculation on my part. however. the inharmonicity ~~~-!&JJw&f”g”‘” ofanote* A= Answer is in cents. is equal to its counterpart in equaltempera- Calculator projects. or is not thti is: in line with those notes above.what is the cents deviation of cian might describeequal temperamentas behavenicely.987.5 Hz = note numbers. Problemsarise when quencyquiteeasily. read “lower. note88plus37. pointed out. it is my recom. twelfth-root-of-two.079. plus or minus cents. wheref = frequency in Hz.We can describe writes: Formula 1 which Fred has mentioned. but felt in many is. that to a musician.note F3 and above.or text- Tremper. The recommended that the Stretch Calcula. Asanotherexample. it is which L read note 49 plus 7. Fred with formulas and correction. practical.In a piano. and still use the world equal temperament.17 . He agreed that if the 0.quency tablesand what we really tune.5cents) is4277. is 91. stated that the values for these lower 2”4 * 275 Hz = Our next letter comes from Kent Swaf- notes were based on inharmonicity 16’27.Takeyour pick. better terms. F. stretched(!).ourmusiciancustomersuse because I have never actually measured the term “equal temperament”to denotethe these instruments. It is: this progression is not smooth. if we want to find the mendation that wound strings not be For example. to convert note numbers to fre.mathe- gust 1989 issue. We cies to be entered into the inharmonicity 49arehigher. In addition. He writes.2 the equal temperedscale. A = 440 Hz is assumed.66 Hz higher than the theoreticalfre. or makeup your own. KS. or real- Dennis Gorgas’ letter in which you recom. often does not follow the rules shown in Table 3.5.” In this case. The first is from Fred Our thanks to Fred for his letter matical.9 cents.

Let’s face it. but When they ask us to tune the piano to quality in any key. Box 618 Santa Monica. ment. Through year students learn comprehensive piano rebuilding: . you might ask? a given interval of chord has the same evenly~~dfun. Yet it does. 4 agements we work for. or to a synthesizer.. they will neuer turning inside out at some point in the there are some issues here I would like sound in tune with each other. NJ. but that because of inhar. however. case refinishing. the piano must not be.” Your frank questionsand answersprovided a considerableinsight to the mutual problemsof technicianand per- FLEISRER PIANO CARINETRY former.UsingKent’s”textbook” and electronic keyboard is tuned in equal even the same from one piano to an- “real-world” definitions almost denies temperament. many Or at least that is what we call it.tuning in which understand the differences. or using the term like Dennis does. about the increasing speeds of ascend- pered intervals. to signify the tuning which is on organs and other electronic keyboards. not only In our two-year program. and voicing round out the curriculum. In the temperamentis equal temperament. and fifths issue here may be one of semantics. repairs. to pin the same name on two tempera- we as piano technicians have to distin. which show thirds. Our program in Piano Technology lets you answers.. “Before the Concert with J@freyKahane. The course is full-time days. other! that “textbook” equal temperament even though the temperament we tune The problem is that we are trying exists in the real world. regulation. Rick Baldassin Tuning Editor 2684 W. KNABES. When. I think it is a worthwhile item for P. It’s not toaddress.lamenta2frequenci~. pitch as the other instrument (A49 is the graphs and charts have been published Our thanks to Kent for his letter. musicians have depended on instrument should all be pleasedthat he gave the right makers and restorers to enhance the beauty of their music. real-world equal sponse? Usually.). join this tradition. fourths. scaling. or other midrange of the piano. and the piano in we call “equal tempera.. and replace. UT 84601 39X North Bennet Street * Boston. I hope that these interviews Piano Technology have helped to provide insight. due to the smooth progression of the organ. and action. The only note. California 904Q6 (213) 399-1227/ reprinting and to carry around in one’stool \ kit for disfribution to thosecustomerswho never seem to believeor to trust your at- tempts to convince themof thegreat impor- tanceof proper regulation. please send Accredited member NATTS. ment of wrest plank. 4 better understanding and cooperation. Until next month. What is our re. As long as we for our musician customers on a fairly Kent says to create a “. Advanced tuning. bridge.” ments which are at the same time very guish it from what we tune on the piano I do not dispute that our aim is as alike and very different.” Through the even so. as well. of Clifton. Great Instruments Keauire You had a most cooperativeand au- thoritative subjectfor your interview. Built to your specifications Our final letter comes from Char- lie Huether. MA 02113 . and maintenance. but for the man- tuning. For catalog.world equal temperament does not have regular bags. You &eat Craftsmanship asked the right questions and I think we For centuries. sound board repairs.. 220 North AN EDUCATION IN CRAFTSMANSHIP Provo. you’ll learn upright and grand pianos from inside out. as well. First-year students learn for us as technicians. what Kent says beat rates of chromatically-ascendingtem. best to tune the instrument to the same last several months. regulation. Thank you so much for your letter of support. which 1 COMPLETE GRAND MUSIC DESKS \ happens to correspond to the mathe- REPRODUCTIONS OF PERIOD STEINWAYS. electronic keyboard. Since the piano. Second. R’lT.O. Charlie writes: I wish to complimenr you on the August article. Financial aid for qualified students. matical or theoretical model of equal OLDER MODEL YAMAHA!3 temperament. write or call your questions and comments to: (617) 227-0155. iYs not equal. but monicity in the piano. I have no problem calling what we tune on the piano “equal temperament” like Kent does. that we will do our ing intervals holds true. ? all should benefit.

even.Figure 1 ance pin holes in keys are caused as much by our using improper technique must be bedded to the keybed. one of leveling procedure will be faster. These are available from work deserving of our best efforts. This laminated “straight- for laying this foundation and will con.and the key level indicator which A crowned keyheight may preserve the it necessary to manhandle the key to get slides along the keybed while a floating level appearance of the keyboard a little it off. On vertical pi. The plunger rides on the keytops. The keypins does not indicate whether the keys are ano’s condition from its appearance. the metal rack assembly more and will therefore settle more. For grand ac. and evenly film lubricant such as Slide-All or systems seem to me to be too complex spaced project a sense of precision and McLube 1725 (use no petroleum!) is and expensive to do a fundamentally order. in my opinion. This last longer. whichmakes keydip. and the and #88 which havebeen propped up to as by the owner’s hard playing. so up around the pin inside the mortise which includes devices for measuring that they should start out a little higher. In wippens rests on the keys. the keyboard. After this treat. the desired height with the supports ever a key is lifted up off the balance rail shown in Figure 1. This “first impression” from the If an accurate job of spacing and stand on edge on the keytops.. The tinue with further regulation steps next rest rail or felt. resulting in a “pully ” key. and stable keys are the ball park so that the full weight of the by sawing off a l/2” thick scrap of the foundation of action regulation. pin..A the back of the key. the as the front. enough (47 l/2”) to span the length of well as the technician.. capstans must be adjusted such lacquer finish. Figure 1: Propping Up End Keys to Support Straightedge Preliminary Steps To Key Leveling before we can level keys we must first be sure that the keyframe cloth and punchings are in good condition (not motheaten)and that thebackrailclothis freeofwoodchipsorotherdebris. making all key ings must be replaced. can be cleaned if necessary and a dry square. The metal rack type leveling Keys that are level. the first places your glance is likely to and less damaging if the keys are all since it will transfer any unevenness in settle is the keyboard. always check for \ I I l/2” X S/16” X 1 112” wood block something on the backrail propping up /&. very simple job. It also to gain a strong impression of the pi.Tools for Key Leveling Some prefer a straightedge which ing the rear of the key somewhat as well Various devices are available for is slightly crowned in the center. although I made mine Level. that all hammershanks are up off their edge” has stayed true for years. it should be done carefully. capstan adjustments should be in supply houses. When. and causesthe key to bind. check to make sure that the key bushings and balance pin holes are properly eased so the keys can move freely. Impdrtant: worn bal. on and off the pins. - - BASIC SKILLS Key Leveling Bill Spurlock Sacramento Valley Chapter W hen approaching a piano. blown or vacuumed out. square. 19 . and long keyboard is obvious to the musician as squaring is to be done.) Also. while keys that wander up and sprayed on the pins. Dirt piles straightedge. and you are likely carefully removed initially and the dust the keybed surface to the keytops. Also the grand keyframe straightedge can be rested on keys #1 month. to avoid binding and measuring key level including the ideabeing that the center keysget played ovalling out the balance hole. down like the waves on the ocean are an ment the keys will seem to almost jump My preference is to use a wooden outward indicator that all is not well in. straightedge. by lift.action stack mated to the keyframe. pinblock material and giving it a good this article I will present some methods tions. anos. but the regulation will deterio- OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .(When one or two keys are found to be low in an otherwise level set. worn key bush. easier tool is the least useful.. 3/W to l/2” thick so it will side.

Be sure and shims inserted. Space or five screws spaced evenly along . ing” screws with screws from above. Figure 3 results in a reduced keydip. the middle of the keyboard will have balance rail cloth punching. By 20 -C~YTOSER 1989 PIANOTECHNICIANSJOURNAL . remove the shims under the balance rail at the ap- thecustomer’smoney. Next. touch up the squaring ing the action stack. By first Supply house key spacing tool placed under front punching doing a wholesale keyheight Leveling Keys in Verticals adjustment with shims under Let’s look first at the vertical piano the balance rail. wear in the action can cause “blubber. and estimate how much too low worn action and keytops that are dished as it is bumped with the palm of the those areas are. and then add various small medical forceps can be paper punchings as needed to used. by bending the front ing points so that the rail can be pried up Figure 2: Squar. 5” long tweezers or and spacing. Square keys by bending the rals and lift it slightly around note 20 due to increased checking distance. Always re-tighten the screws the key bushings). held ina universal tool handle. Typically on such a piano paper punchings under each end to easily slide under punching. In such a case we should first de. If the key bushings are loose rail is mounted to the keybed with four the center keys and restore keydip will you will have to compromise here. look for areas of the keyboard that termine what remedy is appropriate for keeps the tool from slipping off the top are generally lower than the desired the situation. be aware of In Baldwin pianos the balance rail any capstan alignment prob. Usually the balance up the balance rail to take the sag out of spacing.rate just the same since any key settling correct symptoms in a whole. of the key as well. rod. rail. then a careful key leveling hand (see Figure 2). brass. Whenever before rechecking with the straightedge. This procedure should put all keys close you are moving the back end to the right height in about 10 minutes. settled from compression of the balance When doing a touch-up rail punchings but the top and bottom leveling I proceed as follows: keys might still be at their original Lay a full length straightedge height. (Have on both sides of a screw location. complete the leveling. Removing a few keys at each screw Figure 2 ter the sharps between the location will give access to these mount- naturals. rests on screw heads in several spots. Do the wear of the balance rail key bushings. drift. Some balance rail pin toward thebassor treble and tap it lightly on the keytops to re- keys will also be out of square due to using a soft (aluminum.Rather. Keys that have settled will have on edge across the keys and reduced dip. you space or square a key. and writing paper are useful thicknesses der the front punching to of material to use here. cut a V you ever noticed a red dust on notch in the paper and slip it around the the tops of some front rail screw and all the way under the balance dimple drilled punchings? A check of the rail. these ment replaced. lems or rubbing keys that and is held down against these “jack- might develop in the process.shimming straightedgeandcheckthekeysforeven propriate points. If the piano has a heavily of the keypin and gouging key buttons level. I like to use a l/4” brass thin paper punching from any key that wear of the front bushings. or wood) veal any keys that are too high. This dimple Next. Business card stock to place the spacing tool un. with is too high. sale manner until the action For inserting paper punchings I can be rebuilt or the instru. If the instru- sometimes are made a little too wide to ment is basically in good con- fit between keys easily. and cen. Remove a and key spacing might be uneven due to nick the keypin. a dimple drilled in the end. Square the sharps in raised in wholesale fashion by inserting job would be a waste of your time and the same manner. which together with other sight between the keytops and straight. With squaring and spacing done. and repeat for the sharps. the job will go with under-key felt still in good condi. Figure 3: Spacing Keys use a supply house punching lifter. not a sharp screwdriver which will same thing around note 70. place the shim only on the a burr which is eating away at low side. To raise an area l/4” X 2 l/2” brass yod- / 3 avoid nicking the pin. The lifter can be dition a suitable approach much easier to use if it is filed to just might be to shim up the bal- under l/2” wide and the sharp edges ance rail as needed until all are rounded and polished with a buffer. To raise an area on one side of a front pins will usually reveal screw only.ng Keys by Uendlng Balance Rail Pin keypins as in Figure 3. edge. faster and be more stable than Tool modified by tion but keys somewhat out of level if we pile up thick stacks of \ grIndIng bevel on from settling.the the naturals evenly. These areas can then be and chipped. height. keys are at or near the correct For leveling grand keys without remov. looking to see if keys are out of place the straightedge back on the natu- ing” hammers or at least poor repetition square.

since the level will often be affected by their loca- tion. it is necessary to deter. more quiet key return than if the entire key to settle the punchings. correct. Common lore facturer. but placing them determined from the piano. ditional punchings you should install cent vintage. put the straightedge back on the naturals and go along the keyboard laying out paper punchings half as thick as the gap you see between the level stick and the keytop. An inconvenient feature of some new pianos is a balance rail that is stapled and glued to the keybed. once you have done this a couple of times you should be able to @ . Just label your punching con- tainers in thousandths of an inch so you @ . Requirements For Proper Key Height turned up or down to set rough key- height easily. know their relative values. re- quiring leveling to bedoneentirely with paper punchings. I found to best suit them all. I have never heard a keyheight must fit into that are easily will operate properly.ent so an average height will have to be bine like-thickness punchings into one stalling replacement under-key felt. at the point of diminishing returns. However in either ments will give usat least a range within always be arranged with the thinnest case there are certain parameters that which the keys will fit the casepartsand toward the top. The original with shimming up the entire rail will level. of these requirements are interdepend- in this order does make it easy to com.by replacing their . For instance. Also cannot be so thin that front of key sits too high complicated. A little guess work may balance key pin protruding into the key. OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL. leveling job. these pianos generally have a lot Watch for any final squaring to be done. in front of the visible.There must be enough clearance between keys and fallstrip or fallboard rately which thickness of punching will that keys can be lifted at least l/16" at front. them on topof the felt with theintention but high enough that they are still above naturals when depressed. Once rough keyheight is set. Lay Verticals backrail cloth which is heavily glued out paper punchings again as needed. @ . if the proper should be getting very close. l/2" above naturals. and don’t sneae.Naturals should not be so high that bottom edges of keys are easily punchings on the keybed.(It is a waste of time to lay @ . width of cloth is glued down. Sharps must be low enough that joint between sharp top and key wood is not visible above naturals. Lay the @ .first loosening the screws that hold the Figure 4 rail down.) As each key is replaced on its pin.keys from scratch. of putting them under later. would normally try to match the thick. therefore as you insert ad. Let’s look first at choosing and in.Naturals must be high enough that they are still well above keyslip Remove the level stick and insert all the when depressed.Backrail cloth thickness must be such that capstan can be adjusted to correct height.some parameters can be adjusted inde- After two times through the level ness of the original back rail cloth in pendently. Note that several reason given for this. with wooden sticks resting on felt pads.we are then ready to determine a work- one thicker paper in place of multiple height maybe available from the manu.key felt. the adjusting screws (acces- sible through holes in the rail) can be Figure 4. Havingreplaced thebackrailcloth.down.Front key pin should extend at least 3/16" into front bushing. If the piano is of re. or when we have replaced the of key return noise that can be reduced The fewer paper punchings you leave under. 21 . key they are to go under. @ . the cloth (the part the key actually rests play it two or three times while holding Follow the same procedure in leveling upon) left free. inexpensive pianos have a very narrow check for any keys that are too high. punchings under their respective felt punchings. thicker one. This method makes for pressure down on the back end of the the sharps. on older pianos specifications ters shown in Figure 4. at some order to maintain capstan height in the keyheight leaves insufficient front or point you have to decide when you are original range.Sharps should be approx. These require- is that multiple paper punchings should may not be available. but I really think this is making the job too @ . For be necessary here if the original cloth is using a thinner felt punching together me this point is when keys look and feel severely moth damaged.backrail cloth with under the felt the more stable will be the mine a proper keyheight and to level all one of full width as above. However. I have heard various schemes described for measuring the gap.Balance rail pin should extend above key button to allow squaring adj. and when the discrepancies are cloth will usually be glued down only at raise the pins without affecting key- quite small considering we’re dealing the forward edge. Fallstrip can be shimmed up if necessary. with the rear half of height. When the original key level is in. do the job.able keyheight according to the parame- thin ones when possible. eyeball the gap and know very accu. Some Replace the level stick and tap to Setting a New Keyheight . a specification for key.

let’s there may be some situations where the ment. I will savediscussion of choos- front pin sticking up into the key. first time you tried to operate a tuning ously described. For an are at the correct height. slightly. in other words. the contact point of capstan to l/8” X 24” rod The actual leveling could be done wippen moves closer to the ivippen \ wood blocks / in the same manner. grab previously described until most keys ing lifter under the felt punching. punchings on the fixture shown in Fig. As the front of the key is raised up to the desired height. reach- medium-thin felt punching over one know what thicknesses they are. so you will not fingers of that same hand. but must be tended to accurateand convenient means of level- ings we might also wish to minimize before setting keyheight from scratch. This work will proba. “37 Setting White Keydip keydip either by use of thick cardboard Steps of Grand Regulation”. an im. it is not portant preliminary step to key leveling sharps. rather word here is “slightly”. the balance rail felt up l/2” or so. in my experi. To pm-settle punchings in front of their respective keyheight. or its ac. I normally use stack should be in place. “extra qualiv front rail punchings. to the keyframe. However. combination that will bring most keys age. and a against wood at the bottom of the key done with the actual weight of hammers slight increase in touch weight. tape. out. To allow place- able. and a grand action. Like many other operations. we are to use a dip block on the naturals. With the front rail leaning last. If there are a excellent illustration of this technique couple of keys that are too high when Leveling Grand Keys see the aforementioned Yamaha video the majority are correct. all adjustment must be done with assume that we know what keydip we pin could bottom out in the mortise felt thickness and paper punchings want and are ready to set it. The key stroke. For the balance rail. lift a key board punching may be more stable but nal paper punchings as well. worst they will be old and brittle. and stand it up on the backrail on doing a good leveling job we want it to When replacing under-key felt. with small scissors or centerpin nippers One option is to select a relatively thick ure 5 and leave them under compres. very spongy and wippens on the capstans. “sponginess” of the front rail punching height adjusters). but isn’t that what you thought the I then proceed with leveling as previ. a more flange center. lay out the paper sary- Having determined a workable medium-thin punchings. At ing between the front and balance rails. sion depends upon other regulation di- front rail. Using a thin felt over a thick card.005” paper punching on each keypin. ment of paper punchings on the balance though. I find it they will be different colors than the hole is strained) and hold it up with the most expedient and stable to place a ones you will be using. use either pitch pin punchings. One additional consideration to be Figure 5 whichclipontothebackchecksandcause aware of in verticals with tall dowel Figure 5: Felt Punching Compressor the keys to stand up in front so I can type capstans and in grand actions is the choose an appropriate cloth and paper effect of keyheight upon action lever. bly not concern us when touching up hammer? This method really is the most When replacing front rail punch. 3/4” in diameter. ing grand keys. board but just to eliminate most of the stretcher to avoid scratching the finish tial for settling than does a thinner felt. . such as after felt replace. the paper punching and insert. settling that we know is going to occur with the drop screws. level of adjacent keys. keybed and mating the action brackets cult. At best slightly (not so much that the balance makes for a slower leveling job. I use “key leveling leads” upon the accuracy of the leveling and 22 --O~OSER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . This initial setting is we will be judging a key’s dip from the affects the touch of the piano. object here is not to turn felt into card. moved so the keys can be taken on and accuracy of our dip adjustment depends pleasant sensation of bottoming out off the pins. with side. punchings are likely to settle more. Repeat the procedure for the remove the paper from them. The latter method leaves more When setting a new keyheight on mensions. the key level. resulting in slightly more accurate job will result if the leveling is wippen lift for a given keydip.The rail punching (to hold them in place punchings as needed to level the keys. cut a split in each punching thickness of balance rail felt punching. which keys 1 and 88 propped up and the are made from firm bushing cloth. ing a keydip for next time. and setting a rough bedding seethe Yamaha video tape. and slide each one partly under its front felt punching and then use a few paper sionforacoupleofdayspriortouse. Pad the However. the action keyheight by 1/ 16” to be barely measur. is usually best to discard all of the origi. dip in the first place. the check to make sure dowel capstans are aremoderately firmand 7/brather than punchingsaresplit and inserted through all in line fore and aft as well as side-to. it the keybed. which pins without removing the keys. For now. On the other hand. Then. and use your other hand and tweezers to lift and to shim up the entire balance rail as may crumple as you slide your punch. when the action is stood up). Therefore the firm front rail punching can give the un. even after I As previously mentioned. just give it a try! settling of our keydip adjustments by For an excellent discussion of keyframe using a thinner felt. that after key leveling we should available from some suppliers. pull the action and if we’re going to go to the trouble of anyway. First. the against my religion to file the bottom of in grands isbedding the keyframe to the first time you try this it may seem diffi- the key slightly around the balance hole. The (balance rail glide buttons are not key. or straightedge in place. This information does tell us. Assuming when the key is fully depressed. thicker felt has more poten. backcheck.wenextmustchooseaproper these I place all front rail and balance rail keys. an overly easiest to do with the action stack re. Since the proper keydip dimen- punchingsor by shimming up the entire companying book. Next. I the keyframe from below. against the palm of one hand. and than with a lead weight hanging on the ments I have found the effect of raising make it harder to judge a uniform key. and their wires adjusted if neces.

less guess work.accurate. 23 .ing neat stringing techniques.make our first pinblock before master- boring key to be lower. Figure 6: Modified Dip Block points. it Next month I’ll continue with a 6 makes setting dip simpler and more is very fast to move from key to key and look at vertical action regulation. 2152 W. keys (in the caseof excessive dip) or the ciples. or take on thought is that maybe I’m not pressing tom I have my “reading” in the form of the job of hammer replacement before the dip block down hard enough. Perhaps this is a good time tediousbecauseitinvolves thetwo to restate our philosophy that separate movements/judgements “basic skills” are nothing less than of depressing the key and then . with 52 keys to adjust. ‘I!” Falionwood plug<. by giving proper attention to the lining helos. If I feel the neigh. As I Figure 6 therefore maintain a uniform mentioned at the beginning. at the instant the key hits bot. . any stream.ince this is a one-step test. We hope this series has been cent keytops. Los Angeles.basics we do better work at all levels. The result is a more con- keydip setting involves making sistent dip setting achieved with two judgements on each key: first. the component parts of so-called sliding the finger over to feel the advanced work. If the piano inquestion keytops are dished and uneven. This a visible movement of the neighboring fully understanding regulation prin- may not be one of life’s major dilemmas. dip Gock’modification shown in Fig&e cient dip). key pressure on the dip block. then my next pressed. I have found that the simole on the neighbors (in the case of insuffi. If we rush to neighboring keyheight.squaring job we have done. This leveling is the foundation of our tool works especially well when regulation..Defebaugh Instructional Video Tapes B’em pleadtoannounte thatw nowoikr JcompleteImcot l Steinway Upright Replacement Parts l Falconwood Pinblocks Special dnll bits. and next we judge whether the top Conclusion of the dip block is even with adja. **************************************************** West Coast draributor for SUPERIOR IMPORTS. Washington Ave. LTD. leveling will be compromised and the cross piece of the dip block itwillbeawasteoftimetogettoo will reference the same spots and fussy with keydip settings. squaring and on the high spots of the keytops. automatically ignore the low Whatever thecircumstances. When this dip block is de. How- but. we try todepress the dip b&k and key with the same force each time. Z SUPERIOR PRODUCTS\ //xgciJ l Sciortino Multi-Purpose Hammer-Hanging Tool l Coleman .absenceof any clicking of the cross piece ever.n~truct~~n book. dished keytops and since our leveling stick rested only worn key bushings. I find this process useful. the end result will suffer. CA 90018 (213) 735-4595 l OCYTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . has worn.

the key. action parts that it is impossible to actu. what causes the jack to function it. against the check (the key would not c. enjoy the article. In occasionallyduringdrumrepetitionand enhance repetition because of a more regard to my action. the rear shoulder of the hammer with mass than with friction (better key Trivelas have an excellent article about weighting would help). after a few sequences of drum repeti. routines. #17 1 Gram 3 Grams 4 Grams 2 Grams tioned procedure plusa short paragraph #38 . able. In addition to other correspondence.Imayaddthat b is responsible. so I picked two of the worst offend. the problem of inertia must be Number 17 would miss a stroke the relatively high upweight indicates taken into account. Chapter Newsletter Butts and tion. I Seinway & Sons about a new model “D” suspect that either: mer flanges which are below their rec- piano that the Oberlin Conservatory of a. The indicated repair. however. In the December. Darrell Fandrich and Chris tion. but note. out of 88 during a concert is not accept. I am sure I added eventually become stuck as above. downweight imparts a heavy touch to quality work should familiarize them. anyone interested in doing high stuck note. it outlined the procedure I used to isolate the variables 1 that contributed to poor drum repeti. It was my decision note’s repetition. Table 1: Friction Levels In Action Centers tion on many notes of the piano. The analysis of the problem rear shoulder of the hammer jammed a stroke of a key. key plus the depth of the finger into the tion give the jack time to situate itself In fact. above cases happens so quickly and before I alter anything else. I hope you during such rapid movement of the but that’s another subject a together. the high upweight will actually Number 38 would miss strokes selves with the concepts they discuss.5 Gram 3 Grams 8 Grams 2 Grams to orient the reader to the problem: 24 -OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Troubleshooting I think it also wise to mention that ers (#‘s 17 and 38) and followed this even though the repair increased touch procedure: Downweigh t Upweigh t weight (as measured with weights at #17 57 grams 26 grams end of key) a gram or less on most notes Symptoms Before #38 59 grams 27 grams and no more than two grams on any Working On Notes The downweight is excessive. aside from the repetition prob. the jack is not returning under ommended minimum of three grams. snappy return of the key. even one bad note because. and I highly recommend researching that the speed of the finger on and off the properly or not? What aspects of regula- all alternatives before trying it yourself. The Hammer Flange SuWort Flange Rep. the piano was well liked. Friction levels in Table 1 are ac- This article was part of a letter to ceptable with the exception of the ham- ally see what is causing the failure. land. the jack is “slipping out” during Flnnges. that would not can put to practice in our daily work cated in the article-a decision arrived repeat reliably withany finger technique. however. possibly a combination of a and forward-ertainly nothing out of the movedownatthispoint). Though thehigh jamming against the check. Lever Flange Jack following is a copy of the above-men. There were notes on hopefully give us some answers that we to research the action problem as indi. downweight problem isassociated more 1988 \ournaZ. ordinary. Measurements Made For lem. creating a this. our new “D”. several of these sticking when the b. - AT LARGE Drum Repetition (Very Rapid Repetition Of One Note) Kenneth Sloane Cleveland Chapter T he following article was originally published in three sections in the Cleve- I found many notes that would play intermittently during drum repeti- the knuckle suff iciently for the next repe- tition. outlined in the article is fairly straight. the repetition problem I was key and the height of the finger off the properly under the knuckle for the next dealing with probably should have been key allare variables that the pianist adds stroke of the key? The remainder of this placed in the hands of the manufacturer in helping to determine the success of a article will analyze these questions and as a warranty issue. Music recently purchased. but I want to talkmoreaboutthesetwomeasurements The malfunction in both of the have more feedback from the pianists and their relationship to one another. at because of my own curiosity and And in our business. OH. I could easily some inertia to the system. I suspect rect. different “touches”at the keyboard help Assuming my suspicions are cor- definitely has a controversial air about or exacerbate the condition.

They recommend 1” for note managed to get good drum repetition. varying the hammer bore for throughout applicable travel margins. Renner parts. Bore 29/32” T 2” 2” 1 B/32” Actual Hammer Bore 2 7/32” 129/32” 129132” 129/32’ 129/32” hammer flange because if friction at the Steinway Specs 115/16” 115/16” 21/4” 115/16” 115/16” repetition lever flange is also low and/ or weight in the hammer assembly is not sufficient (worn hammers. If we raise the rest position of the Of Material To This Point this distance throughout all sections of hammer assembly too high.Itcanbeablessingindisguiseat the TheoreticalHam. ascentand descent to and from the string. Obviously. York-manufactured action parts was press more when the initial force of the 2. In no category jack to “slip out” more easily. showed the relationship me that when this condition occurs (a parts. for instance). It varied between 4 13/32” “straight-1ine”relationshipbetween the I searched for the following: and 4 7/ 16”. This is actually characteristic of centers such as used in our new “D” 8as TeMY High Ten. 1. The Length Of The Tails hammer that the tension to effect a posi. however. In my search for the above. Experience tells much or too little movement for action tion. tions. a shorter hammer has to tenor note graduated to 7/8” for note 88. 1. i. the ham- mer with the longer bore can go through a repetition sequence more quickly than the hammer with the shorter bore because the distance as de- . Things that would indicate a problem this distance when they used their New Becausethe knuckle will probably com. reliable in sections where hammers were hammershank center to the end of the However.However. Fl. and I am not sure that the tom edge of the wooden knuckle core. tail) was very close to Steinway’s speci- ations before without repinning and Let’s examine those hammers fications. we can compensate for this Flange Centers) with thecapstanadjustment. I as the back edge of the knuckle core bly.1 we also run the risk of poor checked the following: when the hammer assembly was in its repetition-I am sure for the same rea. Visual inspec. Between Hammer And Support Of course. the action. (the vertical distance between the key. and be reminded hammer. one in the bass graduated to 15/X’ for so I decided to experiment with the Given a constant rest position in regard the last bass hammer and 1” for the first pinning as it was. Upweight/downweight. Things that would cause the jack to 4 13/32”. to the shank. Steinways specification for jack and the knuckle core (seeFigure 2). 3/32”. The action in question used keyisnotapplieddirectlyunderthebot. Figure 2 It will also vary the / timeit takesforthedif- ferent bore hammers I to travel the slightly different distances. but only so A Brief Summation I took sample measurements of far. scribed above is less for the longer bore the reciprocal spring that serves both bed and action center. Treble Extreme Treb (made by Renner of West Germany) that String Height 8 l/32 7 3/4” 7 3/4” 7 23/32” 7 21/32” have a bushing cloth impregnated with Ham. Repetition seemed to be more The tail length (measured from the tive return of the jack is sacrificed. therepetitionleverandthejackhastobe that it can only be measured on the set so light to avoid a ‘blubbering” bench) varied only l/32” between sec. son as the suspected power loss with the and hammer action to key frame.e. between these centers to be acceptable high rest position of the hammer assem. The figures in Table 2 are average compression of the knuckle causing the 2. The hammer flange center height the hammer at maximum check point 4. associated with friction or mass. Conditions that would initiate too specification is the same. I 3. (SubractAbove) tion. I have dealt with similar situ. Friction at bearing areas and making numbers for each section. the pinning was firm on these centers with no appreciable wobble on Table 2: Actual And Theoretical Hammer Bore Analyzed side play. For proper alignment of action rails proper rest position. we lose the In previous sections of this article. suspect we lose power. Figure 2 and the string to vary. See Figure 1. bored less than the theoretical quantity. sure that movement was smooth did the extremes in any section vary Also. travel more distance than a longer on its The tails on the “D” were very slightly Spread Measurement (Distance longer. Center Height 5 3/4’ 5 314’ 5 3/4” 5 23/32” 5 3/4” a black material (graphite) for lubrica. line up poorly with the knuckle. more than l/16” except with string any one note while keeping the same tail 3. closer to the theoretical bore. Dimensions of action parts and spa- height in the bass which varied almost length will cause the distance between tial relationships between them.

will discuss these more thoroughly in this kind of “high-string” regulation. increased tensionof the repetition spring. etc. suffice to say that I tension of the repetition spring on the down” on the check as it wears and have to deal with the movement of two repetition lever great enough so that the compresses. the summary to follow. It could easily sprung movement. reregulating as nec. tion lever at the jack window to facilitate small and insignificant in its effect on good jack return. hammers. Also. The different coefficients of extending the tail of the hammer. check) is bent inward to realize higher dius as I use. The high checking stops erly. “If you can’t I repinned #17 from 1 gram to 4 and #38 checking. fore. With this recontouring. check- since the jack also relies on it for its ing was not high enough. each center. The dif.5”radiusas shown in the illustra. but ready leading me in another direction. as1mentioned previously.sible (plate too high. I feel that if all the checking separate arcs that must barely miss one hammer had a snappy rebound on re. still missing strokes a look at the checking area of grands in To Improve Repetition during rapid repetition. the hump theoretically pre. ‘What &contouring Hammer Tati Susan Graham included some valuable about theregulationof theaction?” Asa To Help Repetition information about the topic in her Janu- prelude to all the technical investigation ary. a good I decided to add more friction at herefortheimprovementin#17ishlgher friend and fellow professional from the the hammer action center which would checking. but we’re still not perfect. I thoroughly checked In the following illustrations.” I quickly keys for freedom of movement.piece of wood. and yet intersect while the key is held down the hammer closer to the string (less SusanGraham has anexcellent article in after the hammer strikes the string. Repinning To Help Repetition but none for #38. outlined above. bend. knuckles. the bushing cloth dictated the different d’lmensions of the modification. Rather than a 2 l/2” ra- added friction in the hammer assembly. I recontoured the ham- persisted. and my suspicions were al. esting alternative to me for contouring repetition spring to compensate for the turely on the back check as it (the back hammer tails. Kevin feels. inspection. for example). and distance to travel for next repetition) the January. described an inter- also force an increase in tension of the the hammer that causesit to rub prem. but I poor drum repetition in the past with mate 2. withtherepetitionproblemshowed that the jack sufficiently under the knuckle mers off the end of my jig slightly) ac. Without it. but it is trick. resistance levels when each was placed before I get into the specifics of the in a common center. may be asking at this point is. A point of interest here is that to degrees (reverse nap). Kevin Leary. The hump is in a position on Cleveland Chapter. positioning jacks leaving this hump on the hammer is to areasin our modem piano whose evolu- under knuckles.5 grams to 3. Fig- what I refer to as the “nuts and bolts” ure A shows a Steinway hammer with Analyzing The Checking Area part of regulation-namely. I use a simple jig and a lated to the checking area were respon- I have been successful in fixing table disc sander to create the approxi. the more an area designated as a trouble spot. Things I did not do were change from . Besides. took hammers #17 and #38 and one another to ensure checking that is The snappy rebound of the hammer also sanded this hump off each using the both high and positive (no “blubber- aids the quick return of the jack. higher checking would probably do the and adjusting the height of the repeti. Without getting checking as high as possible and the venting the hammer from “sliding overly involved. This turing process when the checking sur. The checking area of the piano common adjustments we perform on a This hump is left during their manufac. ferent thicknesses of hammer cores and ing the plate height was certainly out of I went over the above again and this the hammer felt close to the shank on the question. count for the variance in radius. and note #38 remedy. the hump is not necessary. I believe the motive for simple. I changed the original nickel Of me Hammer ally felt that there was not too much silver plated pin (I believe that is its This part of the article deals with friction in this area (we do need some) composition) with a brass pin of the thesolutionof therepetitionproblemby since upweight/downweight figures I same size. there was mer tails to get rid of the bothersome much improvement in repetition for #17 hump I find on all Steinway hammers. possible. I was especially keep the checking adjustment more tionary development was the result of careful on my problem piano to set the permanent. Poor repetition still checking* Initially. setting cutting off (at a 14 degree angle) a small discovered it wasn’t going to be that hammer height with the capstan. I.or polish jack tops accomplish the change in resistance for Extending The Tail and repetition lever windows. However. turn knuckles around 180 essary. I person. 1988 Technical Forum. looks pretty straightforward upon first routine basis as part of the job. Figure had indicated no excessive friction in friction for each material in contact with C of the below illustrations gives the the action. shapes having the proper orientation to thejackcanretumunderitmorequickly. note #17 advantages and disadvantages of this Procedures I Tried showed no improvement. 1988 Journal about setting theintersectionmustoccurwith the two and also stops the knuckle higher so that up the back check area correctly. chang- but it didn’t do the trick with this piano. I am sure it is one of the many ing back check wires. serves to return the With the hammer removed from be argued that factors not directly re- jack more positively. I think it is appropriate to take was questionable.many empirical efforts. and early experimenting time paid special attention to placing tenor hammers (the felt lifts those ham. there. The operative force Along these lines. and the procedure I employ when shaping new ing”). higher checking is get high checking without having the 26 -OCITOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . One question many of you readers general. the action rail. A brief description follows: Onmy Steinway “D” action. but as I tried to conjure up involves operations such as checking face on the hammer tail is prepared by some clever ways to “tell it all. surfaces are oriented to each other prop another during the playing of the key lease of the key. tions below (Figures B and C).

provided for native cures I mentioned and to analyze use to shape hammer tails at the check. Succes- I have experimented with raising “D” pianos. I innermost edge of the cove and the Why Longer Hammer Tails only hope that it can be reversed. also. Related Articles To Follow thin spot. pinning. one with a similar repeti. but on Steinway hammer minded. and hammer bore. Any radius much hammers to jam more easily against the ever worked on. should be investigated in re- backchecks. Lenny Gottrich. very rapid repetition. height (from the top of the key where the paragraph indicate. tion movement per unit of key travel. less compressed. works well with those hammers. Many of you may have asked at Conclusion Though the analysis would be complex. in three parts in the the tail to prevent it from digging into tion provided produced the slightly Cleveland Chapter newsletter) and thebackcheck. and the slight increases in checking height that sometimes occurred were not a result of raising the checks per se. etc. 27 . my choice to extend the tails the hammer tail (cutting of extension They probably have longer tails than of the hammers was one of the few alter. a re- however. When the backchecks were raised on their wires. and the extensions on It also would be nice to look at the alter- am especially fond of the procedure I the tails. The proper plate height/ that went through the before and after with a height of 2 l/2” in the bass gradu.) and the effect it has on high checking easier to achieve and less expedient and/or appropriate to raise touch resistance (virtually nil!). This problematic one has similar manufac. possible contributors to the problem: enough so that checking occurred at the herent in my ‘3” action. sive strokes of the key during drum backchecksbefore. have played thepiano-especially those backcheck).nevereffectingmuch tion problem and one without. Also. Besides. I’m to checking (effectively raising the check. published. was puzzling to me. the length sounded very good with the set of lationship.” In theory. Analyzing end left sticking out after gluing and contact between the tail and check than New York parts versus Renner parts shapes a very funtional checking sur. errors he had seen in many new Stein- the hammer. and it truly saddens me greater than 2 l/2” would create a thin check. I feel that the Steinway piano is. the greatest piano I have mer has a coved area. before. too. mensional variances between the two between it and the backcheck (needs no no matter how weak or strong. Steinway dealer of the hammer can be shaped flatter surface.theback and less worn portion of the check’s spected. was exist in certain areas of the ‘3” bccausc ity from one action to the ne%t and. result. Cleveland. What did change was the contact point of the hammer tail on the backcheck. this would be higher checking-not (to repeat myself) commented to me about the plate height abettershapeforthecheckingsurfaceof the raising of the checks per se. initially. also. removes the shank contour (2 l/2” radius) provided more shorter than the theoretical. associated with the extensions. ing height). into the piano. but the piano things like upweight/downweight re- tip of the tail. Be re. sion of the key and are very positive. but of this change in contact position. C~TOLIER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . of the tail was the limiting factor. the the hammer action on the key frame or want to discuss. The end result was absolutely would also be interesting because di- face with a high coefficient of friction positive checking on virtually all blows. I know Kevin does not use ering the plate to bring the strings closer In a future article. making natives I had. I have measured other repetition is equal to any piano. backcheck side. I hammers it had. mentioned that were considered as allowed the check to be bent in far both of these addressing problems in. I want to de- Steinway hammers. It may have been more procedure. A fringe benefit the over-centering problem that must ing surface because it provides uniform. This could be unsafe To Raise Checking structurally. in more detail. that raising checks can ways. things recontouring I did with the 2 l/2” radius putonnewhammerswithalongerbore.gluing Steinway hammers anyway.hammerdragonthebackcheck. I found them to be at specs turing error. scribe the actual extending process of sure. this point why I did not try raising the As you may already suspect and this. tails. cause the rear shoulder of the tenor conceptually. and the repetition occur with minimal depres- of an increase in checking height. as per diagram C. at first. inviting a fracture at the Short of drastic changes like low. Andbytheway. I finally realized that pulling h-. I also of a problem in general. In other words. and his method. in that the longer tails with their gradual of the actual bore dimensions being one quick operation. and hammer. to witness suchinexcusable errors creep- spot in the hammer tail between the ing into its manufacturing process. turing defects. theOberlinfaculty that backcheck wire enters to the top of the lem originated from serious manufac. the non-checking side of the ham. the checking point was frequently changed to a flatter. When I measured their as the alternative repairs in the previous gard to repetition problems.I k’-d the check up higher on its wire did not change the point at which the hammer dragged on the backcheck. result in different ratios of hammer ac- additional abrading). the repetition prob. action height relationship was not built variation-love the touch and find the ating to 2 5/8” in the extreme treble. The additional surface area for technician called me after reading the (larger radius than 2 l/2”) with just contact between the hammer tail and first two articles in this series (it was enoughofagentlecurveatthebottomof the check that this new checking posi.orientationofgrain.

I then rough-cut these contours on the band saw. All told. As illustrated in Fig. he I devised the jig in Fig. free-handed. I kept this in hammers which determined that these requisite 45 degree angle for the glue mind when positioning the new tail blanks. with the grain oriented along the wear into the check (which prevents the ticle) to the plane of the inner. A. surface up. As Ken indi- cated in his article. Lengthening Tails For Better Repetition: The Process Tristan Francis Shop Manager. project over to me. The blanks for the new tails checks straight into the check aids spac- length is achieved by extending our cus. Then I very carefully sanded any concluded that the main factor inhibit.sightingitupwiththeknucklerather than the hammer. C. An unaltered Steinway hammer served as a rough template for the cov- ing. I roughly scribed the arc for the checking surface on the blanks. were cut from a close-grained maple ing in the pitched areas. The coving was fine shaped using a rat-tail rasp and a sand- paper covered dowel.shaped hammers in parts replacement. I manually pressed New Specifications And New Blanks them together. 2S--Ocroa~~ 1989 PIANOTBCHNICIANSJOURNAL . repetition. this procedure took less than two days’ time. I laid out the (tail-less) action. stock. irregularities from the gluing surfaces ing repetition was a poor relationship At this point he showed me what he had of each assembly. SinceI had to lengthen Gluing ously. lengthening the tails for higher the tails of the entire heavy-use area (our Using the angled trough we nor- checking would be more expedient than m-contouring sufficed in extreme bass mally use for laying our hammer sets to either lowering the plate or raising the and treble). Cl. I find that a tail that to rest. Several seconds of manual pres- sure (with care to avoid slipping at the glue joint) were all that were required for the glue to hold without clamping. which to speed the process. After applying fresh wood Cutting Old Tails glue to both surfaces. between action and strings: checking done and turned the remainder of the occurred too far from the strings. non. Shaping The New Tails Using a compass set at the pre- scribed 2 l/2” radius. visually lining the blank As indicated in Ken’s article. Since we arrived through experiment at a new scrap wood and mounted it to the miter generally work with unbored and un- tail specification of l-5/16”. then. length (with the tangential grain across formation of ridges in the leather which checking surface of the hammer core. is the proce. Piano Technician Department Oberlin Conservatory of Music Ken Sloane (see previous article) specifications produced superlative joint.regardlesof finger technique. D). Finally. Using our tail-shaping jig (Fig. B out of up with the existing core. the piano which in- stigated all this now has superb repeti- tion-asgoodasanyofourfinergrands. the new of the shank. see Ken’s ar. I sanded the final checking contour on the stationary disc sander. regardless of the pitch of the hitting the support flange on its return emerges from the tail just behind the end hammer above it. I had to find a method with be hung (Fig. Again. He found that a form 45 degree cuts through the old we shape the sides of the tails to favor a tail longer than l-5/16” ran the risk of tails. than the existing tails. l/4” longer gauge of our band saw to ensure uni. I cut them oversized and with the more positive checking. hammer assemblies with the gluing dure for doing so. What follows. I favored the vertical tail. The assemblies were then allowed to dry overnight as in Fig. allows even tomary arc (2 l/2” radius. including the overnight drying time for the glue. the hammers were re-in- stalled and the regulation was checked. Obvi. Note that the path of the blade vertical tail. the checking surface) as in the existing can hinder m-regulation) and provides Ken made trial alterations to several cores.

the plate’s z axis (height) port dowels are going to be installed. If jacks of thegapexistingbetween the test string pen. if test string. and wound around.times the nosebolts alone can support alongside the strings thereby indicating ters are usually sufficient to comforta. Since the replacement dimension into spec. arrangement as shown in Photo 2. Supportsat the may need adjusting up or down many structural integrity and general ti. a dowel restore all the missing downbearing the condition of front bearing: it is pos. Part II: SettingThe Plate Nick Gravagne New Mexico Chapter W e left off in the in the August ‘89 pinblock or the plate support system but there is no front bearing because the issue having installed a new. The pinblock support front of the plate has been raised too board with the original bridge attached. If plate sup string height dimension. gauge is sitting on the rear segment of a original panel. Not yet installed are the rear downbearing angle looks perfect and then locked there so you can move Ocrossn1989 RANOTBCHNICIANSJOURNAL-29 . Later on intheadjust- bly accomplish the job. Al. the reason that the The Process pet thread test. Maintaining the string height It has been pointed out in past articles is the plate (which has not necessarily dimension avoids this pitfall.Theyshould stand just fully-crowned soundboard.andthat theperimeterplatescrews The Conditions the high treble and low bass parts of the have been installed and the piano is The new soundboard panel has plate. two treble sections. referencestrings. as has been explained in original bridge is being reused is that it The plate is lowered into place past issues.(such as dowels). unless the bridge top is variable been regilded but has had the cape bar If the plate height needs to be ad- through planing. little rear string rest support-height inthebassandoneinthe trebleisenough. It is not locked limited and time-consuming process as altogether or to require recapping. which is the reverse of typical holes will have been trued (as explained set. Downbearingcan now be checked at manipulation. it measurementsmustrepeatedlybemade though this isn’t common. The second relates to cured to. Since the keybed-to. The first in for attachment to the hitch pin. Still. the parame. Notice that a bubble bridges is essentially the same as the when the required dimension iscorrect. Even moretypical isa bridge which are needed at the pinblock area for front and the rear string rest. it does hap simply sits on the bolt shoulders. supports they go in next. do so by lower- sion. location is here a function of bridge undersides of the plate bossesat the lag When the correct dimension has been height. bridge but needs recapping in the top be checked against teardown notes by For a better way. height gauge or a quick shop-made ver- maintained according to original specs These will serve to support the plate at sion) in place on the keybed. The idea is to have the plate sitting being restrung. in fact. to bring this keybed-to-strings length of small gauge music wire (size original bridge. measuring to theundersideof test strings Ignore the fact that thenosebolt capnuts which should be located and secured in arein.theentireplatefwhichisquiterigid) but thecorrect height. during trial downbearing fittings. can be used here but it is a was found to be too good to discard and set on the nosebolts. that. This test string is actually a installed in the case with the attached any. notches. shelves havebeen cleaned out. The soundboard has been There should be very little adjusting.perimeter of the plate are unnecessary. The that the combination of original bridge has to do with maintaining proper ac. sound. One jack unit from its original position. tuning pin end of the string has been se- height and new soundboard crown will tion mechanics. The nosebolts have combinationdamperunderlever/string strings dimension must be more or less been turned in to their original heights. The which was discovered in the tear-down sible to manipulate a plate such that the idea is to get the string up to a tension investigations.in a previous article).into place with the nosebolt cap nuts. . Some.evenly on all the nosebolt shoulders has been temporarily installed as ex- ness of the spruce directly under the (check with mirrors and flashlights) plained above. On hand high. many other times the front of the plate needs ing process a glance will tell how far the times just placing the plate back to its to be supported from the keybed with plate/reference string has moved as a original z position works out fine with a small jacksand blocksof wood. the plate must be set bearing reworked and new agraffes justed in order to achieve the proper according to the bridge height dimen. several places on both bridges. Imagine that the plate been carefully planed so that the thick. - GOOD VIBRATIONS New Soundboard. Old Bridge. These there is not a lot of leeway for setting the its original z location in the middle areas gauges should not touch the plate or the plate’s 2 position. such measurments will have to be made dyness-at the lower half of the long The keybed-to-stringsdimension should and re-made. The car- Of course. That is.024”) which has had a loop tied board has adequate crown it is obvious reset this spec for two reasons. the ing or raising the jacks and nosebolts. given a new.installed if appropriate). place stand-up gauges (such as the piano building. Since the plate otherwise is quite good-pins. It is important to 1Oor so. refer to Photo 1.

rear string but. venient it still must be leveled to each of bearing gauge. possibly be covered here. arm which pivots on a square upright. the strings. Rear string rest cloth is too heavy in the upper two treble sec. six or more test strings. Remember all through tained by letting the beak not touch the the bubble gauge. or very close to.5 de- bars (or whatever). Photo 2 Photo 1 Photo 3 photo 4 about fieely. the plate a bit by turning down all plate ing and adjusting the rear string rest der the tuning pin holes to prevent the supports.Tousethegaugesetthe alone to ride on the plate and bridges. Generally. The gauge in understanding clear as the small gauge grated are many and varied and cannot Photo 4 shows my Woody Woodpecker music wire can barely be seen in a pho. these pieces which must be inte. From the standpoint of this ar. tograph. the just to the side of it. a friction fit so the two partsof the gauge strip samples should be in place under tions. gauge (so named for obvious reasons).5 degrees on new soundboards. So perhaps a thinner the bottom of the upright block. so keep referring to the can be used at all test strings without re- level. Level the gauge on these tests that the string height dimen. where you must integrate your thinking minor compromises.Usingthewind-uparrange at 1. most of the bearing ment at Photo 2 without a pinblock in the bearing tests are too shallow. these should also be when this is done the middle bearing grees away from the plane defined by in place. lower adjustmentscanbemadethroughchoos- place will necessitate some device un.Now hereis ing is an ideal but be prepared to make tension. The bear. The pivot should be looks like Photo 3. but thin block of wood. rather. the speaking string segment and see if Gauges heavy-bearing sections of the treble and “woody% beak” is sitting above the rear The downbearing condition can not move the plate at all (which would string segment or sits below it as ascer- now be ascertained very quickly with be my choice). When several of these test ample set of conditions and appropriate The woodpecker part is glued to a short stringshavebeenhookedupand wound responses might go like this. Now the plate can be raised or loosens a little. allowing it to fall the speaking string segment and then sion must be held at. If the instrument has duplex by turning the nearest nosebolt. It’s not as accurate as the bubble. The right side of the plate is raised can stay slightly locked. Once set. Still. Use a lowered and the test strings simply left understring cloth should be used in the protractortoset. I generally set downbearing angles gauges set on the keybed for this pur. 30 -OCZTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . which even when under tension is too to include several pieces of information Although a bubble gauge is con- flexible to support any sort of down. setting. middle area in question or maybe it bottom surface of the upright block on would be better to build up the too. an ex. The white string in the photos. To set the gauge. Uniform downbear- dowel from tipping forward when under bearingraise theplatea bit. only serves to make the ticle. at once. but rotate the woodpecker point to 1. to tension we have something which ing in the middle areas is just right. If pose. If the tests indicate too much cloths and shims. the gauge check the rear string angle away from original spec.

bland.T tudents have come to us from the last time you might want to take a Australia.but it is close enough. Stitzerland. necessary to make up the difference.Y. But if dowels are going to be used. If the new block is going to specialize in blind students and we are now also accepting a limited num- be glued and doweled in. #4 The shims. the front SERVICES technology & PROGRAMS IVORY andbackgapsatboththebassandtreble l illustrated lectures (Pyralin) ends where the new block will finally sit l training seminars mustbemeasured. 11354 Nicholasville. Piano Keys ments should be taken now. Trinidad quick carpet thread bearing test for as. Instead of measuring the pinblock- to-shelf gaps you might consider cut. one at each “comer” of the block as consultants in piano and harpsichord ART measured from the pinblock shelf to the underside of the plate. which might work out to be Whitestone. If the Baldwin Technicians Dealers l Rebuilders l Manufacturers l plate support system will be used at the perimeter do nothing at this time.61 and no measuring mistakes have been made. INC. KY 40356 wedges (as oriented front-to-back) Tel. make sure Free Catalog Available that all nosebolts are in fact turned up and touching the underside of the plate. Belize. Lower the plate in again for a test fit and bearing check to make sure that EMIL FRIES PIANO HOSPITAL & TRAININ G CENTER everything is fitting together correctly 2510 E. l inventory management to dealers and tuners mensioned so as to accommodate the l troubleshooting downbearing conditions as just set. These blocks will then be used to gauge the new pinblock thicknesses at the ends.. The Hammer Duplication Specialists vent its tipping off. regulating and repair in an individual tutorial way. BILL GARLICK Recovered With The New Pinblock ASSOCIATES There are actually four thickness dimensions which need to be measured. Wholesale Distributors of Tools & Supplies for Now install the cap nuts. and 42 states-so farl Where will the next a lication come from? Our instructors have a total of over 1E!yearsasFIGCrafIsmen. consider a ber of si hted students as well. (718) 539-4149 should be glued to the underside of the block. Be careful not to spring the plate up in the process or your gauge blocks will be too thick. '* and Training Center Final Teaching FLneAural ‘Rmtng Since 1949 Remove the plateand install dowel supports if appropriate.We surance sake. b rite or call for our catalog in print or tape. Iceland. #l 3007 Park Central Ave. Domestic Hammers l Wood Working Tools l Chairs & Benches When the bearing has been satis. Install the new Learn to tune and repair pianos in a sales and service environment. You appraisals & evaluations l manufacturing WRITE FOR COMPLETE might find it easier to start out with a l PRICE LIST slightly too-thin block. s Ken Serviss. Emil Fries ting and fitting blocks of wood into the gaps. details on services & fees tion of shims or blocks or both would be Bill Garlick Associates SHULER CO. Whatever gauge is used. measure. RIT Don Mitche KIT Vice President & Manager Director of fnstruction OCTOBER 1989PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . pinblock. N. Develop a technique which allows the gauge to rest lightly on the string while you pre. take care not to apply excessive pressure to the speaking side of the test string. That is. When the plate is installed for Our time-tested methods emphasize ert aural tuning. We’ll also send an temporary dry-fit with pinblock screws informational video on request. 31 . only.Canada. Evergreen Boulevard vaIl($aaerb. and figure out what combina. but of uniform write or call for more OR CALL-(606)885-4330 thickness. Humidity Gages Custom Naugahide Covers l imported Hammers l l Lock It In . 144-4325th Dr. Israel. l Dampp-Chaser @ l Pinblocks/Bridges l Hide Glue factorily set in this manner.Thisinformation will l dealer promotions Over 60 years of continuous service dictate how the new block must be di.

but I need to it flat or to work for free? My tuning fee try to maintain a balance. and technicians’s arrangement. ices I would recommend. but you aren’t doing a time calls. Don’t sacrifice the needs of report! It is often assumed that you will Wouldn’t it be better to bring the piano one while attending to the other two. give a The minimum performance that I adjustments to their pianos. and tech. They may not security that comes from maintaining a looking for the cheapest tuner. My response is: “My basic tuning fee is $-. number of first-time calls with large ads will cost. player. but loyal clientele. there are tuners who bill for an amount larger than the basic aspects of the piano’s performance in manage to stay in business even though fee without first discussing what serv. ingfeeisbecauseit’softentheonlything can not detect the same degree of vari- ever. I customer’s. is easy to forget that we are servicing the ments of the majority of my regular tomer is invariably over the phone. Some survive by attracting a large should be performed. Yet all customers started as first home. quite sensitive to variations in pitch but occasional nominal tuning fee. you will have a better any case. approach since its performance will be They want to get a sense of who you are most recreational players can feel the limited to the player’s assessment of its and whether or not you are genuinely difference after I’ve serviced a neglected service needs. Your challenge is to keep the for an inspection and an evaluation of pitch raise for free either. In ments to touch. When I arrive at the custometis not doing a once-through capstan regu- tomers. tone. I also keep the three To be sure. the piano will suffer from this they can think of to start a conversation. know what bothers the piano owner. To benefit those customers who want only serviceandcorrespondingperformance justify this service approach. have asked for service to the action. cies evolve. I can’t af- straight answer and know in your gut want on a first-time call necessitates ford to spend theextra timeon neglected that your fee is appropriate for the type making repairs and adjustments so that pianos without charging for it. not ours. and tuning may not be part of my service- of regular customers. I want them to realize that they but the tone and especially the regula- and low tuning fees. piano’s.” If they all the notes workreasonably well. Does this comprehensive service overhead and lower fees. when they seen too many pianos in the field that ness. Thisapproach may will have a say in the total cost of the tion appear to have been ignored. If piano for their use. It is determined by the service require- The first contact with a new cus. Do not fail to ask the piano Some say they do. level of their piano. Are you been completed. If the piano owner is left with a given them a lead by using the word talkingaboutpreliminarycoarseadjust- positive impression when service has ‘basic” which they may want defined. customers whodonot requirelargepitch you are asked for your tuning fee. I have ing the piano’s pitch to A-440. The tuner will suffer as interested in providing them with the action even if I am limited to just an hour well because he will be deprived of the appropriate service. you will minimum performance from their pi. It’s as simple want to discuss price and service. it’s to make sure no one ever told them it was adjustable! come eroded by higher advertising your prices are in line with other profes. and tune.elimi- nating all offensive noises. I find out when the last service ready for this provocative line? A fine chance of adding their name to your list was. Or are you? needs of the piano. and adjust- or failure of your business. In fact. I have they have a poor record of repeat busi. will start my defense of this policy by the needs of the piano. if not all. tone. what kind of piano they have. and pitch. In my experience. They may in fact be or two of adjustments. sional technicians and consistent with approach have to be implemented at the Most of us recognize the benefits their expectations. flat. I ~~-&TOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . balance-touch. pickuponeverylittlethingthatiswrong all the way up to pitch and sacrifice a They are often in conflict so this goal with the piano. I disassemble the piano to allow lation for free. how it plays. as well as a decent in. but usu. ations in regulation. We are as that. have to convince me that the player is anos and wish to spend no more than an The reason they ask for your tun. owner if there are any malfunctions to pianos that I know have been tuned. expense of high tuning standards? I am of building a business of regular cus. and techni. if they ask at all. I probably will notice small amount of accuracy than to leave must be kept in focus constantly as you most. Regular service is where they are located. How. player. ally. of them. Then I explain recommendation for a first time call! I what this business is all about because that pianos that have gone without serv. and what they appear to have been tuned regularly. but I find a lot of cian in perspective as your service poli. ice for a while often need more service stating that just as I try to keep the nician are all better served with this than those kept on a regular schedule. ECONOMICAFFAIRS The First-Time 1 Call Carl Root Economic Affairs Committee H ow you approach your first time service calls will determine the success of service you provide. assure them that I will not hand them a needs in balance.

coated of fifteen minutes of hard work. The higher figure often regis. 3. No. customers receive for the same fee. play the piano and ask yourself: mended work on your bill are all help you are giving a mixed message. are recommending asa compromise and In addition to correcting things that have In any case. for example. ing a customer for his neglect. into this piano with the goal of increas- with discussion which will relate the tomer a larger bill than expected on the ing its ability to provide musical enjoy- piano’s condi tion to its current use. Then explain what service you or not they were specifically mentioned. I would still be reluctant to pitch-raise the piano at no charge and continue with a fine tuning at the same visit.= lar schedule. easy. A pitch raise takes a minimum l Made of the finest steel. not. I usually schedule a fine tuning insist on a perfect tuning before looking glected pianos would convert to a regu. on the other hand. l Two brakes included for added 2. 9333 96th St. You may ters as “the tuning fee” and discourages would be a solid tuning. twist a bass string-the raise and a fine tuning.often spend a bit Iesstuning time on a you insist on staying until everything demonstrated your competence and first time call and here’s why.inspec. names tise and experience to do well compared l Custom decals-send tracing for to the average tuning. repairs. That’s over my time limit for l Superior engineering and looks extra work at no charge. I want to avoid handing a cus. do I wish to reward him by providing over. voic- tuning service at no additional charge. l Fast. I might replace a missing cabi. turns out to be unnecessary. If you schedule an extra hour that that you can now sell regulation. The Finishi p Touches tice. but you may not like the idea of compromising your future service. service. two weeks after the first call. lookit tory on a first visit. reglue a loose lowed to elapse between a major pitch deserves. Next time you are called out to on every regular service call. but these aids must be supplemented 6. I think a piano tuning will be budget simply won’t allow you to do the of tuning. MN 66115 (612) 429-4466 customers into your daily schedule if C&dog available upon request Ckrossn 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . more stable if some time has been al. perform. If you have at the rest of the piano. It is difficult to integrate new Mahtomedi. l No finish damage to piano legs sion that will exceed the value of the l Shipped UPS l Authentic Steinway designs time spent. have to make up for one of the tunings will have a higher priority. will . If you prefer to book solid the following. you wish to encourage regular service. Sometimes the piano service and more noticeable than a higher level 4. Sell the Even if I knew that all customers that they have missed during years of “whole job” if it’s appropriate. though not necessary 5. kind of work that you think the piano net screw. cannot be compared to the time spent by a salesman. stability tion. or filing the hammers service. but I would Most first time customers find it and capstans. spend a few minutes on simple tant “service” that you will perform on a him with more service than my regular repairsand adjustments. that they will appreciate. but don’t that came to me for service to their ne. Piano first call. Here are several reasons why I consider that to be a bad business prac. I get no pleasure from punish. tell them how hammerhead. Do not fail to point out these assertions to the contrary and would your piano and what services you would improvements to the customer whether like to see data from controlled experi. a thorough inspec. tion of the piano. neglect. If up to pitch and give it a quick tuning. In these cases. 33 . or rather think of this approach as custom reasonable and acceptable that they will climate control. my policy is not based on show how it will yield an improvement obvious symptoms. since l Smooth and effortless movement he hopes to make a profit or a commis. An equally impor. has been completed to your satisfaction personal interest during the non-tuning I expect to spend tno~etime than whether you charge for everything or service discussed above. Pamphlets. raise the piano first time call is customer education. Now. Neither servicea neglected vertical piano. no cleanup l Immediately ready to finish tion-usually take more time than a pitch l Over 700 Fallboard and Soundboard raise and require a higher level of exper. adjustments. “If I were going to put another hour or so ful. this belief alone. what work would I do?” Maybe it service is a personal service. or repairing the bench. Non-tuning service . usually in PL’C longer. ment. Drv Transfer Decals Grand Piano Carriage 1. You. customer education in par. you will find usual providing several types of non. find that quick adjustments to key level standards for any reason. is manda. for months in advance or do not expect a fine tuning will not necessarily be part iceorhaveaccumulatedduringtheyears to return to that service area soon. and educa. adjust pedals. then you’ve ing or other improvements along with Minor repairsand adjustments that have lost that hour. There will be times when been overlooked during previous serv. Music Racks ticular. I have heard much time you would spend if it was- list goes on. Two styles Schroeder’s have to work for every penny that you Decals Unlimited Classic Carriage make. books and itemized recom. ments if anyone has gone to the trouble. The time spent on price quote these items. this of your recommendation for additional of customer neglect are often necessary two-visit policy may not work for you.

.. 598 MELISSA C............ MA-21 Central East Region . JR.. OH445 FRANK J. CT 06854 RONALD SOLINGER JESS C. CA-917 DANIEL R..... 2.. ... ....261 WEYMOUTH... NY 11725 DIAMOND BAR...... PASQUERETTE ANGOLA...... ESTEP Southeast RTTs ............ NY-142 SAN FRANCISCO. GA-302 In August 1989 Northeast R’ITs ...... LA-701 97 RICHARDS AVENUE...... HWY.. CA-902 MALLORY R. ... ........ MEMBERSHIP New Members A USTIN. GELLER BALTIMORE.............. 2.. SWAGER.. NY-142 In August 1989 JON M... HALSEY MINNESOTA-NORTH 10 WA -552 NEW ORLEANS..-CRISTOFORL NY-218 POMONA VALLEY..... BOX 116 AUSTIN.............. TX-787 BUFFALO.. CA 94619 25 KIRK STREET CANFIELD. CA-942 YOUNGSTOWN... ... WALSH Central West Region .........836 ATLANTA. BLUE RIVER. 302 LINDEN AVENUE........ OH 44406 PHILLIP GEORGER 65 PURITAN PLACE HAMBURG... TX 78745 CASSADAGA.... 3742 Total RITs . . GA 30263 South Central R?=i’s...... 622 Central East RTTs...... JR.......622 PAUL WOODARD Western Rfis ...... LA 70452 60 WATERVILLE STREET WATERBURY..223 Total Membership.. TX 75040 COMMACK..I.. ..... 2472 34 --OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . . 321 NEWNAN....... 367 NORTH CENTRAL LA-n3 40 LAKE STREET Central West RTTs .... LA 71275 Pacific Northwest RITs ....421 I?T.........327 SIMSBORO......... #A-18 NORWALK. 563 Pacific Northwest Region . 545 Southeast Region.......... #6 GARLAND.... ............... NY 14006 OAKLAND...... CA 90006 - WILLIAM T.. RIVERS 305 MOCKINGBIRD LANE P. WI 53518 PEARL RIVER..... NY 14075 SEATTLE.... WA-981 LOS ANGELES.. MA 02189 Western Region ...... DONALDSON LAUREL R..................... . CA 91765 BUFFALO. HICKEY....... WA 98110 1649 SOUTH HOBART BOULEVARD LOS ANGELES........... CT 06710 L... 405 DANIEL J..... ........... 216 BOSTON... CIMINESI DEBBIE FIER 85 CENTER STREET 6 WYMAN PLACE EARNEST R.......O........... .... BOX 145 25 LEWIS LANE GERALD G.. NY 14718 CONNECTICUT-64 WILLIAM I........ .............. MULLEN FRANK VACCARO DRU SIMMONS 1001 AVENUE EAST 25 CEDARWOOD LANE 23060 PASEO DE TERRADO..401 22 ROY DINGLER ROAD South Central Region . Membership Status EDGEWATER. MD 21037 Reclassifications Northeast Region ......... MD-222 BAINBRIDGE ISLAND...... CUNNINGHAM RT.....

1989 North Carolina State Conference Hyatt Winston-Salem Contact: John Foy. AZ 85712 (602) 3264936 Feb. OH 45385 (513) 372-1981. 195 Fayetteville St.1989 Florida State Conference & Seminar Clarendon Plaza. NY Contact: Robert Reeves. Xenia. O&. FL 32017-2728(90412554804. X-18. Galway Rd.1989 Ohio State Conference Holiday IM North. 25842 Ave. Grange County Contact: Austin Mason.1990 Arizona State Seminar Aztec Inn.. 35 . Glens Falls. MO 64111 (816) 753-7747. Verona... Tuscan. Texas State Association Lubbock. San Juan Capistrano. Cabrillo. 3224 92nd. FL 32018 Contact: Walter Pearson.. Oct. Box 50-C. 600 North Atlantic Ave. 4743 East Bellevue. TX Contact: Bob Johnson.1989 New York State Conference Queensbury Hotel. New Mexico Contact: Joanie Wagoner. Santa Fe. Arizona Contact: Kathleen Kattija-Ari. Santa Fe. 29-Apr.. Daytona Beach. Send address changes to: OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Ballston Spa. 524 Jones Street. RD #l. 1 Pennsylvania State Convention Warrendale Sheraton Hotel Contact: David Barr. NC 27107 (919) 773-1754. Rt. Suite 100. Winston-Salem.5-6. Holly Hill. Spring Valley Paintersville Rd. Dayton Contact: Francis Hollingsworth.1990 California State Conference Irvine Hilton. Moving? Be sure your Journals follow you. CA 92675 (714) 661-1416 Mar. Lubbock.6-8. Kansas City. 2271 E. 27-29. Jan. COMING EVENTS O&1-3. 4510 Belleview. NM 87501 (505) 984-8179 Mar. Tuscan. 1128 State Ave. ocL20-22.199o 33rd Annual PTG Convention & Technical Institute Hyatt Regency Dallas at Reunion ContactPiano Technicians Guild. Inc.2-4. TX 79423 (806) 792-9712.. 4.1990 South Central Regional Spring Seminar Hilton Hotel. PA 15147 (412) 828-1538 July 7-11.. NY 12020 (518) 885-5472.

Army Band in an hour and Candy and Georgewould like to purchase August “Dog Days” we received a few a half ‘old-fashionedparade@ Gold Rush someland so they canbuild a homein Alaska letters with news of how several indi.. Auxiliary.’ wasfun. Helen’s and majestic Mt. Surely there’s been copy for her pages. someexciting. Then breath-taking Yellowstone. It is late August as I write From as far back as I can re.and marvelled at him. Early one morning. And our PTG music and friendships weregood. Wow! On our return to Anchorage zoe broiled and it was soooogood. President From The Editor’s Mailbag banks where George(son-in-law) was di. Both boyshavegrown to beover six feet. Wim is a Deacon. ErXs in Band.and we’re both Choir singers. But as you might guess. The amount they can eat defiesall discussion! The Royal Gorgewas GORGE-ous. not to mention An exciting time in our lives. activitiesor events Don’t let it happen. former president.C. is this! FamousMt. Now and then does not feel the need or interest in sub. their chapters. “The coldestspot in the nation. experience she knew to remain out on Ginny Russell writes: .caribou. pfarmigans. And buffalo. advertisements and such would Let our Editor know. Then ‘round LakeJenny all of us hiked. We rode cablecars across. I’m Secretaryof Christian Ed. view. We couldn’t have done it without a .. We were housedon an army baseand when they retire. Georgecaughtmany of the viduals continued to “holiday” after the had dinner at the northernmost Denny’s! famous Alaskan salmon which we charcoal annualconventionwithadditionaltravel.” you see. residenceatFt. or a reprise on how much about any programs. They’refamily now. That pro- mainder of articles are generally about and information about individuals in phetic title might also apply to the what to anticipate at next year’s con. his Driver’s Exam he will take.mountainsheepandsuchfauna. Ginger Bryant titled Yuletide CustomsAround The World or eral chapters in the Auxiliary and their oneofherpieces”UseItOrLoseIt”- Gold or Wool or Silk or Stress. Wim and I all belong to Bell Ringers. Hood. His first choiceis Gunnison-W. deck in the prow of the vessel despite was terrific-we spent oneweekendin Fair.S.S. and got somegood sun. As a reward she Holiday ‘89 In ]uly we hit Portland. Erik? Band goesto Florida for Christmas break. my column for October and in a few call.. MO 36 -OCTOEER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . and what not to chew! We saw damagedone by thefires of ‘88. Our Editor hasnot heard pages of our Auxiliary Exchange! vention. Cripple Creekwas charming. wanderedthrough campon the loose.WebsterGrove. THE AUXILIARY EXCHANGE President’s Message what special event was really outstand. article about the Louisiana Swamp or data. Then wefour Bleeswill all bedriving- And that’s where ye olde tyme photo was done. Departing and meeting eachother arriving! Ian Blees. one enjoyed the past Convention and that have occured to members of our Agnes Huether. And soon now. And Chris. From past From our forty-ninth state. with centuy-old fun. Teachingbeastswhere to potty. boat ride in the bay of Alaska.spectacularviews of Mt. Wevisited Coloradocolleges. space might revert to the curring in your lives which you might associates. While the rest of us waded.My trip to Alaska We had excellent. what a job. where elk and moose Then oh. Admired “Old Faithful” and geysersas great. Richardsonis quite niceand Smack dab in the middle of the recting the U. in the Tetons Chris biked Both Wim and I are on Church Boardsnow.Their biting cold weather. tending our “zoo. St.. McKinleyfiom thebaseinAnchorage.our hearts they havesmitten. it has been difficult for the Editor These pages must be treasured weeks we’ll think of Thanksgiving of the Auxiliary Exchange to obtain by our Auxiliary. she is rewarded with an Guild where such concerns as technical like to share with the membership. for our convention. this puppy and kitten. ing. Alaska. Ch& joined us in tuning pianos-how neat! We hung on for denr lqe. officers submitted accounts of activities she was referring to time. White-water rafting “The Colorado.--God knows how! In her freezing waters Erik did swim. many moose. The wild rapids makeit a dangerousride. Days.. Ginny also recounted a four hour or close to it! Enjoy! ing nine grizzlies. and enjoys his percussion.indeed. At one time there were sev.at a slow speed.pro” guide.The re. One time our Striking It Rich in Piano Tuning or be printed.absorbingactivitiesoc- after drumming and “dunning” her mitting copy.for Chris- Saw beautiful coastlandand falls. If our membership and Christmas. One account was in iambic pentameter spent time in Denali National Park.

glaciers. is in the shape of a lotus blossom.) seen. but now I have found a 1809 Covey Road and protecting the nation’s young. please write or Editor the plum and cherry appear in Spring. garden tionally renouned authority on Japanese Ginger Bryant (James) plants and trees. or the contemplation of a deer. Box 473 Japanese Gardens. paths. The “Daimyo” Gate. Sapporo. especially moving wa. sym. WI 54611 1954. This enormous bargain was called use of evergreen shrubs. filling one weighted “Shukeiyen”.saw a pair of whales playing. but to recall these gardens designed by @x)933-8543 den are water.Vice President Russia in 1867 by the then Secretary of unbelievable variety of shades of green State William H. But while she enjoyed lighted witha torchflameforlight.G. stones. draw in by quiet reflection the restora- a number of bald eagles. an eagle’s aerie dens. fire. an intema. Vice President Rose Test Gardens. Takuma Tono. in-law and two grandchildren. water. Ginny was delighted to chaser (Bamboo Sozo) which employs “Rojiniwa”. Another of the many interesting Recording Secretary joyed our luncheon at the Chart House. It now may be seen on the east (7151964-8566 From the moment we entered the edge of the upper pond across from the Corresponding Secretary Main Gate a feeling of peace and seren- Tea House and adds its note of peace Marge Moonan (William) ity was evident. regain some of that personal quietude. plays an important role in all gar.T. sculptured Professor P. call our Membership Chairperson: as well as camellia and azalea. Japan while absorbing the wonders to octopus. I savored the roses. OR.? lion. High Falls.G. the Strolling Pond Garden bears and many. however or the PeaceLantern given to the city of Rt.G. (914x87-0364 the Pittock Mansion and especially en. the magnificent forests. such as formation about joining. also a man and this aura reached out to us five traditional gardens in any season number of dolphins. She and her husband Bill of beauty.A. For in- greatest purchase. a High Falls. although the ter.T. brought about by the almost exclusive Want to join P. CA 95825 How fortunate are those who live (91619296706 It is said that water brings a still- ness and a sense of peace to the soul of in the Portland area!They can view these OCTOBSR 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Every bank of stream or and thus capture the mood of ancient with herbabyfriskingaboutwithababy lake was laid out todeepen this impres. Box 473 Northwest. Sacramento. son. The deli. NY 12440 reveled in the splendor and opulence of symbol for Buddha. It is a traditional Agnes Huether (Charles) Buddhist Pagoda and bears the name 34Jacklin Court in Portland. 811 Amherst Dr. ter. One frequently encounters the TeL (914) 6874364 tion was over but stayed a bit longer to stone lanterns which were used in Japan take in the trip to Posey. Arlene Paetow. freshed. Pagoda Lantern framed by a wisteria So read on and note the effect the tran. bridges. This unusually beautiful lantern P. 37 . St. basin. It is the work Executive Board The Japanese Garden of an imperial artist and is classified as a President/Exchange Editor On a beautiful sunny Wednesday “Japanese Treasure”. view Mt. waterfalls. water. lanterns to be found here is “Yu-Ki-Mi” Judy White (Charles) It was the Japanese Gardens. (201)473-1341 included the internationally famous bolically representing earth.T. (Alaska was admitted to the Un. The new source of inner tranquility. when it was held Helen’s. mythology about the seven starving tiger ion January 3rd. Seward for $7. the P. a mother sea otter almost at once.T. NJ 07012 sponsored an outstanding tour which “Goju-no-to” or five story tower. The garden is nearly a mono. NY 12440 did not fly East as soon as the conven. the Natural Garden spend this time with her daughter. “Chisen-Kaiyui-Shiki”. Japan. The nine rings at the top Arlene Paetow (William) Center. Auxiliary quil gardens had on her. arbor. (3151337-4193 his right paw on a ball symbolizing tered Guild tuner-technician does not Treasurer power and the female on the right whose always permit one the most relaxed Barbara Fandrich (Delwin) left paw rested on a lion cub. for the Tea Ceremony. 1. Vice President Arlene Paetow enjoyed the great cate Japaneseiris also lends its pale note RFD 1. many puffins. the male on the left with Travelling full-time with a regis. In addition to the marine life sion and water. at night. AR 72401 essential elements of the Japanese Gar.6. and my personal favorite. Auxiliary Clifton. They are piece just enough to pour out its cap the Sand and Stone Garden “Seki-Tei” all thriving well in our thirty-year-old tured fluid. the highlight for Arlene is a breath-taking antique five-tiered was our tour of the Japanese Gardens. Conifers are P. was given to the city of Portland by its sister city. brown falling upon the surface of a stone water “Hiraniwa”. cubs that were saved by Buddha. arctic terns. the Tea Garden ture sights. NY 13440 by stone lions. guiding frame of mind. with its ancient fable from Japanese state. or that of the feudal lord was guarded and harmony to the surroundings. They may shesaw many. There the tag-on trip. The sound of just a drop of water tive emanations from the Flat Garden- with two young eaglets. They were then set up and falls and rivers. Box 134 that spoke to my soul! Portland by the Mayor of Yokohama in Alma Center. We were more than landscaping. 1. Rome. many wonderful na. tubes of bamboo. leaves one relaxed and re. 1959.A. World Forestry wind and sky.2 mil. be found in over 5 l/2 acres. the Pittock Mansion and the depict the nine heavens and the very top Rt. isanactivesupport group Seward’s Folly. I have Jonesboro. but it’s proven to be our preferred here and the pine is most often for the Piano Technicians Guild. Light colored blossoms. Immediate Past President ornaments. ritory of Alaska was purchased from chrome and the eye is feasted on an Arlene Paetow. It is then I can begin to 1012 Dunbarton Circle delighted and soothed by all of these.

The Piano Technicians Guide.. (612) 824-6722. 1212 items. Lakeland.00. Aubrey Willis School. S. man. order payable to: JOHN TRAVIS. Full BRASS ACCUCAULS. felt knives.O. Sales. 84057. repairs/rental. MO. . Precision FOR SALE Steinway Grand Piano. (215) 438-7038. 6825 Sizes. FABRICations. Sorry. 8012 middle of 1989. 12-year-old business for only $10. New board comes to ACCU-TUNER TOOL CASES. Bob Conrad (816) 444-4344. White.25c ea.S. call (714) 788-7033. cauls of high density polyethylene. Pianodisc. THE GUIDE $10. & glue proof. MASTERCARD & VISA accepted.90. instruction on: Victor A. or write for free brochure. Wilson. Less National Home Study Council.20 Pine Ridge. AZ 85013. A job time study and work guide.00 292-3959. (901) 285-4046. line of professional products for producing Paperbacks $16. 800 Messinger Road. SIGHT-O-TUNER SERVICE: Repairs. evenings or weekends. Carry crowned boards or semi-complete. 84A Main St. (201) 932-6686. MIDI format reduces installation time. CALL COLLECT. catalogue. Servicing. (503) the ultimate polished polyester piano and handling. All MIDI. Perfect for any complete 88 note tunings. Cal State & Vets For more information. School of 88 PIANO KEYS REBUSHED fronts and centers with extra quality felt. All work compensation and detailed index. East. note-switch. Donald M. Obtain this gram weight sets & soundboard cleaners. a div. Your you ready for installation. Call (715) 394-9518 HIT THE DECK RUNNING. Richard J. Order today. 9580 N. $45. OH 44121. 8’ 11”.00.163”. Available for Mahogany art case. experts who agree: THE ACCUBUSH Wholesale. Closing datefir nds is six we-&sprior most accurate. Ship old board. KEY BUSHING SUPPLY. battery.50 plus $1. Fast. or 180. America’s #l Installer and key bushing cauls for two-caul method Dealer. OR 97229. Ct. Portland. Free restoration and rebuilding services for Newton J. reliable For Sale Kingston. piano-ash paid-immediate removal. Catalog $2. beautiful Southern California. Beacon. SANDERSON ACCU-TUNERS. Write or call for Kansas City. $90-$160. Also key clamps. SANDERSON ACCU-TUNERS FROM HUDSON VALLEY KEYBOARD CRAFT Revised and printed to fit a pocket. we have the fastest. MO 64111. MD 20912. in quanti- Model D. specifications and price list. Make check or money FLORIDA BUSINESS AVAILABLE by PTJ. Ordering and installation instruc. 4 choice. 1418 Ewe11 Ave. Bill Spurlock. payment must accompany each insertion KEY BUSHING IRON. finish. Alan Pierce. Carroll Ave. 25c Dyersburg. Benvenuto.137”. We offer genuine discounts of Ads appearing in this publication are have the best deal for ordering. New Brunswick. Philadelphia. Sandia Park. RTT. Revised (602) 5844116. Call (707) 4484792. Custom Colors. Grant Leonard. call or write Bill Spurlock. Weinberger. (813) 665-3104. LEARN PIANO TUNING-Small classes. each. money). Tommy L. OREM. personal attention. with pitch raise learn the basics. 1953 to present. Make offer.451O Belk?view. no C. Also selling all types of request. Clear. NY memory. TN 38024.50 plus $2. Call toll volume purchase. FL 33801. please) made payable to Piano Techni.00. AUTHORIZED DISTRIBUTOR. (206) 8476009.. 3 Prices.D. Grants Pass. All are AURAL QUALITY regulating has been used by hundreds to YOUR SPECIFICATIONS. Piano Tuner-Technician. technicians. Steinert.W. Join the Piano Locators. PREFER TO REBUSH both sides of Piano Tuning. A complete FOR SALE-A Guide To Restringing. EAST 1165 NORTH. HANDCRAFTED SOUNDBOARDS by NEW SOUNDBOARDS MADE FOR NICK GRAVAGNE. Year manufactured 1928. PA 444-4344. AUBREY WILLIS SCHOOL-Our home lowers costs. keys! (Many have already changed over. Ready-to-install YOU. Classifiedad&i&g rates are 35 BEST? We have the finest tools: SOLID Buying and selling all types of usable cents peg word with a $750 minimum. Hunt. Camelback Rd. cians ~oumal . SYSTEM is the BEST system for rebushing Stores” Box 21148. calibration & modifications.2315 Broadway. . only call service. if (216) 382-7600.. MN 55408. 19119. 38 -OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL . Steinway to the month of publication. 18818 AFFORDABLE FILLED MEMORY for (6031642-3633. CLASSWIED ADVERTISING WHY SEmE FOR LESS THAN THE PIANOS! PIANO% PIANOS! Since 1913. THE ACCUBUSH SYSTEM. Hardbacks $21.PLAYING Pianocorder.OK1. approved. ties of 45. Please contact Jeanne OR 97527. PIANOS. AZ 85375.F.125”. not necessarilyan endorsement of the services free: 1800-38%BUSH (2874). you haven’t you are losing time and Kansas City. custom work at 08901. pinblock & 74 Tunison Road.. Vacaville. Suite 507. 401 West Lake St. software. reasonable prices. Send for brochure and samples. Takoma Park. LeFeber.00 per chart! Write for free information. Minneapolis.131”. NH 03848.133”. New soundboard. Grandview Dr. Purchase key pin sizes . NOW HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (914) 838-3635. John Hart. Accredited member storage or moving situation. featured in August ‘88 ]our&. Dept. UTAH Spanaway. 1948. No cost guaranteed. NY 12509 Pianomation. 902 185th St. CA 95688.50 for postage Cornell Rd. Phoenix.146”. for postage and handling. Bob Conrad (816) tions $15. of Jay-Mart or products listed. and now we specialty. Won’t hesitate. Send for Accu-Tuner and Tools in the Same Case. BUSHMASTER. 45 Academy. funds. NM 87047.. Also available many gift than $1. SELF. JM brochure to : THE PERFEn PITCH. this well-groomed piano tuning clientele in .. Sun City West. case options. “The Piano Store For Piano Send check or money order (U. 657 Mission St.CALL COLLECT. conventional double shouldered bushing “Our 9th Year”. and easiest to learn method: grand and vertical pianos. For info.00. tough.. (505) 281-1504. Suite 100. CA 94105 (415) 543-9833 Return freight paid with prepaid orders.0&X7”. Cleveland. Over 265 tuning charts to study course in piano tuning. NOT a mailarder course. 275 W. mortise at once? Now manufacturing San Francisco. Some issues to POLYESTER PIANO FINISH. repair and CUSTOM PIANO COVERS MADE TO choose from. FOR SALE: A complete collection of PTG ]ournals. Black.. machined.. For brochure. 3574 Cantelow Rd. Installation. & . . and tool strings combination.WA 98387. Germantown Avenue.

Write or call: NILES BRYANT Upright Refin.000.00. depending on quantity of parts contact our placement office about members studying to upgrade to Regis.000yr. IA 51102 or call Tuning. PIANO TUNING AURAL/ (503) 6424287. old-style case). CT AVE. $175.000.500. L Ebony Refin.SOUND assistance to fellow RTT‘s on harpsichord BOARD REPLACEMENT. 8012 provided. A. This Western Iowa Tech Community College’s your tungsten carbide sanding file ($7. NICIAN/REBUILDER Secretary work Paperbacks still available at $17. Box 3247. and NICKEL plating. $15. Last Available at supply houses.” immediate plans for another printing.A CAREER in Band Instrument Repair or DON’T LEAVE HOME without your SO YOU WANT TO BE A CONCERT Piano Tuning can be yours! Enroll in bottle of Pearson’s Super Glue (33. etc. 39 . RTT. 1841 Kit Carson. Call or write serve you with quality & reliability. or overhauling and every technician’s bagof-tricks (Postage available on cassette.500.is now to rebuilding pianos.500. original keys in HARPSICHORD AND FORTE-PIANO $124.Keys rebushed. felt-$6O. Provo.Call Steve at Hewitt Wilson..50. Bob Conrad (816) rebuilding and remanufacturing.000 (or later. ph.00 per copy.00. Mason Hamlin 5’8” 3742887. Near turnings.O. Authorized Zuckermann Agent.Steinway 0 Ribon customers. Please specify VHS or Beta. 2684 W. INC. sharps refinished. ELECI’RONIC.RESTORATION OF CARVED WORK. pinblock replace. extra). RESCALING SERVICE: Customized USED ACCU-TUNER FOR SALE: CALL tunings for Sanderson Accu-Tuner. COD delivery in 2-3 weeks. Mason Hamlin New sharps-$32.75. Lawrence Buck. $6. few hardbacks will soon be gone. TAPES. (916)4544748.Kawai 7’4” Refin. Harpsichord Workshops. . Edwin TeaIe. CA 95819.O. Rodes Piano Shop. Also troubleshooting and GRAND REGULATING. quantity of items.75. boards. Provo. #46R Authorized Distributor. CA 90804. World’s only 5’8’ Walnt.50. “COMPONENT BEARING GAUGES (508)458-8688. custom Wanted COLLECT for details. and Sight-O-Tuners or new Accu-Tuner Piano Tuning. MD. $12500. Hamburg Steinway factory A. individual work stations and up-to-date 433-7873 equipment.Make provided. Steve Pearson Piano Service. Reblt.Preparation. home study course covers all makes and !$8. lever note switch for Accu-Tuner 325. Catalogs.CQCl. THE PIANO technician. Endicott St. Van . approach in fine tuning. business practices.M. Geneva Dewitt (818) 790-8287 or 1155 give readings in degrees (string angle) and Oak Grove. 4387038. buffing. Ebony 52 PIANO KEYS RECOVERED--sO. KEY MAKING. Dyersburg TN (24 hrs. $1290.O(l. (213) 84681. professionally programs and develop skills from tuning Rapidly becoming an essential part of recorded and edited in May 1988. if Lincoln Street. contact Admissions Office. Dept.00. Mason Hamlin BB Mah. Norwood. Killingworth. For more tered Tuner-Technician. (617) and advanced tuning aid available.00.$10 post paid. Sound. G. (212) 206-8794/(800) 367-0777 OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .Return SCHOOL. Most students quality for in-state PIANO TECHNOLOGY-Home Study with hinges up to 6(r’ lengths $1~$225/ tuition by the second quarter. learned easily at home through time tested Mah. The most accurate WANTED: Parts for 1904 Bluthner grand. Winchester. STEINWAY B OR C.500.. checks payable to John W. associate set. Consignment sale of used Accu-Tuners NILES BRYANT SCHOOtSince 1898 STEINWAY M EBONY REFIN. informative lecture. 88 keys.75. Franklin Street. $25. P. wanting to continue their education. MD 20912. and marquetry.. Mah.A. UT 84601.! We will Top instructors and materials. restringing. pinblocks. 171 leg.. Box 19700. Enclose packing list indicating availability of graduates. included. Specially designed facilities include Bennett Ave. 910 PARTS and kits.W. CA 99723 (213) 923-2311. San Marino.075 with fronts-$75. repairing. 220 North.900. Yves All prices include shipping. No WANTED: FULL-TIME TUNER/TECH- Ashland. Reblt. board-new board comes to you ready for CIAN for New York market. Reblt.) Piano Company. 38024 (901) 285-2516 Paramount. In-state tuition is $296. $3. BENVENUTO VIDEO Shop. term. Begin ASAP. PA 19119. See our ad on page 3. pre 1910 or pre #140. 13119 Downey Avenue. (703) 6624447 the world. Sioux City. lid hinges and action parts. Employers: programs for beginning students. REFERENCESAVAIL- PO Box 265.. by Norman Neblett. (712) 274-6400 collect. (801) method proven over 90 years of continu. Ship old WANTED!!! PIANO TUNERfTECHNI- problems. and RTT’s number of screws with description and information. regulating. North Chestnut Hill. MA 02062. $94.. Refin. 19125 VICTOR A. inlays. One week paid vacation. $50. experienced and well qualified piano the source. (215) good personality. 6825 GERMANTOWN training a real blessing!!! Well attired. work and work and work. schematics. Call for details. Rick Baldassin. 220 North. Kinnaman Rd.00). Tuning (503)382-5411. The most accurate 61592 ORION DRIVE. $25. Call Cheryl at (301) 898- repair of existing work and reproduction 3245 or (301) 775-7393 at Kramer’s Piano of missing pieces. $175. OR 97520. (617) 469-9143 eves. Pro Piano. Long Beach.R. 831 Baldassin 2684 W. !&?. 769-0071 days.Mason Hamlin SERVICING also covered. apprentice training. term. SANDERSON ACCU-TUNERS-from for information: RANDY POTTER. Frederick.GRAND REBUILDING (2 tapes). CRAFIECH ELECTROPLATING. regulating and repairing Steinway A $10. Baldwin $17. CA 91108. Reblt. damper installation.00per PLATING-PIANO HARDWARE. Ebony $12&XlO. Lowe&MA 01852. S.75. thousandths of an inch (dimension). out-of-state tuition is $59200 per THE RANDY POTTER SCHOOL OF Stripping. Rick repairing brass and woodwind instru.Kawaii 5’10” Refin. Feder.900. PHILADELPHIA. Takoma Park. models and contains over 100 pages of Kawai 6’ Ebony $4. walnut or mahogany. Charles Sacramento. spade-toe 4444344.25) or TECHNICIAN.Baldwin F freight paid with prepaid order.S. VA 22601 from the finest early keyboard suppliers in ment. BEND. Ebony 35. Travis. good condition. ABLE. In need of Lowest Factory Direct Prices-buy from installation. Aloha. 2 SHOPPE. voicing. ous service. OR 97007. price lists free.OR 97702. ELECTRONIC ORGAN Mah. original factory materials $225.060-$60. Refin. including Carroll Avenue. Willing to work and 86417 (203) 663-1811. Refin. RTT. “LETS TUNE UP” $20. throughout the U.UT ments.

. CA 9410%Tele: (415) 543 -983...... .............. Briza.. ... KImbaII Piano L Organ Co. ........... East l Upright Regulation $65..... etc. RTT Superior Instruction Tapes . .....IB WiIIow Grove......... school.. OR CANADA.. ......00Reward offered for l Voicing l Exploring the Accu-Tuner gz: VHS or Beta (213) 7354$96 Superior Instruction Tapes 2152 W. Washington Ave.... ............S.... 5 COLEMAN -DEFEBAUGH Service Manager.............. PA 19090.......... minimum Superior Imports... . Looking for Knauer (818) 343-7744....... Steinway duo-art vated person to learn mfessional remanu........ Please call collect (317) 2594307 or lnventronics. BECHSTEIN The F-r Stradivarius ........18 accompp!lshed tuner/ teeK nician to take UP TO $1000 Finder’s Fee will be paid for 31 Bill Carlick ................ (215) 659-5423........................... key bushing...18 factunng of pianos..............6 meeting our high standards of workman.....................00 Syracuse...14 PHILIPPINES............ etc.. Schaff Piano Supply ............ Bechstein is the Ultimate 1 Instrument...I4 WANT TO BUY........ 4609 A.. PA 18974........ .... 10 years Baldwin Piano & Organ Co. 1135 N................................40 territory. Send resume Yamaha Music Corp.. I have mechanism to Houston Community College. minimum 3 years experience............................... BECHSTEIN AMERICA CORPORATION 425 Hayes Street... wippens............ l Beginning Piano Tuning *Grand Action Regulation $K:l REWARD... Isaac Pianos . Sanderson Accu-Tuner...... Troubleshooting................... Piano Steinway & Sons ............ Lunsford-Alden Co........ central New York iano dealer............... people to become craftsmen capable of Pro Piano ......... and references to Evan Tublitz...... etc.... Ltd.... 3 Indianapolis. I? aving expanded and Pacific Piano Supply..... L th positions full-time with excellent 13 vestal Press ..............a *- OJ Keyboard lnstrument~A Handcrafted Excellence Patented Renner Action d m .... 2400 Dagupan City.... tion center.... ............... San Francisco............................... IN 46250.. TECHNICIAN REQUESTING WORK IN INSTRUmOR WANTED.. School ..... Lee Music Mfg.......31 Shuler Co..... .. Taylor Music evenings (317) 849-1469....... Syracuse Young Chang America .. ..... ph..... Indianapolis.... fax (315) 446-2219.........” Call collect............. Contact: Nicolas 40 c.... Send resume or install.................... . we now need to train more Randy Potter School ........... 23 Video Cassettes 5 years experience. Tuners Supply.. Inc............... Francisco.. over well-established 1200 customer successful purchase of a Mason and Grayson County College ...35 Co.... l A Full Complement of Parts and Service Ii! C........ IN 46220.... Home......31 Pianotek ........40 l Aural & Visual Tuning $79..... Ltd.. ..... opportunity in the Philadelphia area’s ” Steinway Uprights.... CA 90018 C.... NY 13057...... 5780 CeIi Dr... ... BC l Grand Action Rebuilding $79......... 118 Bolosan...........31 largest ‘an0 organ corn any... hchstein . ...... #16.....14 concert work included.. Inc... salary and benefit options.............. shanks & flanges... ............... ‘IT required........... RlT needed to THE U............. (315) 446-5660... Los Angeles................... Experience INDEX OF DISPLAY ADVERTISING includes: 2 years action assembly........... .. c/o Greg Sikora.......... Jim Brady. Send resume to: Webb Phillips................. Piano Technician.. DecalsLJnlimited/%hmeder’sClassic PIANO TUNER/TECHNICIAN....50 referred.....50 Hammers.... t... 7 backchecks................ Easton Rd.......... North Bennet St....... 1836 Shenandoah College ................. Career WANTED!! DEAD OR ALIVE ............ .... $1000.. Cranbrook Dr.... refelting.... ... Ben Emil Fries Piano Hospital.......................................... CA 94102 (415) 255-0284 FAX (415) 626-4139 40 -OCTOBER 1989 PIANO TECHNICIANS JOURNAL .......... 1 ship......... .. churches and Hamlin Ex-Player........ DamppChaser Electronics ........... Ivyland....12 moved into our new factory and distribu...... 14 call collect. Artist Piano................... 3 Pitch raising................... . 6 Stout Dr............ FIeisher Piano Cabinetry .......33 Caniage ...........6 GREAT OPPORTUNITY for self-moti.IF tuning (aural) and repair.. ..... beat counting. Cabinetry of Exquisite Rare Woods Ivory Keys I Uncompromised Quality Not yielding to mass production in its 130-year history............ temperament setting................. Co.. TWO POSITIONS OPEN with leading 13 BiII Spurlock ............

locks in the top and fall. “plays like a grand”. We listened and now we have a studio that meets your expectations..a measure bv . The Classic Studio with a Herrburger Brooks Langer 80 action makes this the only piano of its kind that you will honestly say. and 17 pound hammers. together the new Classic Studio will fulfill w as u true classic. and a redesigned cabinet makes this not only functional. but attractive well. individually leaded keys and meticulous regulation make for the most consistant touch.. combine for the finest in tone quality. Improved ball bearing casters. school boards. a totally new scale featuring the Kimball “Tri-modular bridge”. And we’ve gone even further. This totally new studio contains the design features demanded by piano teachers.A studio piano designed l *d ad d a 0 in mind. A solid spruce soundboard. and technicians.

Congratulations one and all! Or call Yamaha Piano Service Concert and Artist PianoTech- toll-free at 1-800-854-1569 for more information. Dean Garten have two small children and reside Feb. Peg Brown. #7 February 20-23. Ohio Institute of Music. post. Their choice and servicing these instruments. CA 90622 . Keyboard Division * P. he PTG SEMINARS has worked in many areas of the 1989 grand piano factory.Jim Rule.1989 at the Cleveland. Since then. .0. SEMINARS #4 October 24-27. equip piano (USA) and Megumi Kancko technicians with a full under. and Hiroshima Larry Newhouse. 19-21. CA. Bill Brandom. and more August 20.S. Yamaha concert grand pianos clusively to overall service for both in reliminary competition the Disklavier’” piano have and in t E:e winners’ recitals held been completed. 1-3 Florida State Back row-left to right: LaRoy Edwar&. 1990 Yoji Suzuki. nician performing service for Yamaha will Andre Watts. Box 66000 Buena Park. second and standing of all functions of the third prizes. 27-29 NorthCarolina State Charles Hansen. (Japan) took first. Michael Tilson participate in: Thomas. and prepare strong field of competitors from them in all aspects of diagnosing nearly 20 nations.199O nical Academy. Hank and his wife.199O studied at the Yamaha PianoTech. respectively. Personnel Profiles of instruments again highlights Check this and subsequent the acceptance ofYamaha pianos HIROMI TAMAISHI among concert performers and art- issuesfor upcoming seminar dates. These 3 4i day sessions. and the growing list of other renowned artists choosing DISKLAVIER” SERVICE to perform on Yamaha pianos. Mariko. He enjoys golf.1989 To his U. Hiromi (Hank) Tamaishi is a ists. PianoTechnical Service in the Oct. Hank has #5 November 28- brought a long list of credentials December I. Nicholas Angelich in Buena Park. LITTLE RED SCHOOL HOUSE table tennis and fishing. Chiba. Michael Kernper. Oct. Oct. in a DisklavierT” piano. 8-12.Yamaha Piano Service MIDI Comer Yamaha in the News YAMAHA PIANO SERVICE CASADESUS COMPETITION FINALISTS ALL CHOSE COMPLETES THREE YAMAHA PIANOS TRAINING SESSIONS FOR All three finalists in the Robert THE DISKLAVIER’” PIANO Casadesus8th International Piano The first three seminars for Competition performed on piano technicians devoted ex. Jan. 16-18 California State in Fullerton.199O YAMAHA” Copyright 1989 Yamaha Corporation of America* Piano Department. CA. as well as in Oct. in-house at our corporate offices USSR). Tokyo. are scheduled.199O WINTER NAMM SHOW Jan. front roecj-left to right:Hank Turn&hi.1989 dating back to 1967-68 when he #6 January30-February2. 20-22 New York State Branches. held Sergei Babaj an (Armenia. 13-i5 TexasState Robert Conrad.

chapter treasurers after the nominations to Awards Committee. The chapter dues Technicians Guild dues will be billing will include only those mailed to all members early in who are actually members at the October 19-22. January 31.1989 The dues-collection process. IAPBT newsletter. which will MO 64111. Contact: Mike directory. Inc. ad- October 27-29. dues mailing. In addition. RD #8. Glens Falls. January 1. Suite 100. from the membership rolls. NC. 31. CTE Recertification. PA. (919) receive your invoice. 261 St. will become chapter dues will not be collected tions.1989 November. 4510 as a subscription to the quarterly Belleview.199O chapter dues will be collected by will include only those members 1990 dues due. Chapter 1990 membership cards will Contact: Bob Morris. Taiwan. Allentown. The Invoices sent to members of Examining Board. please verify 773-1754. computer records. These as the April issue of the Journal. When you Salem. dues to be dropped from roster. Harbor City. Area include that information. Box 461. now be published in the Guild’s . lined this year. Winston. has been stream.199O 1990 dues delinquent ‘Friends’ Support International Efforts February 1.199O An annual contribution of included in the upcoming Guild 331-d Annual Convention and $15 brings an IAPBT member. which will be published more than 50 Guild chapters also Carraher. as well Dallas. Technical Institute. {Published Monthly For Members Of The Piano Technicians Guild. Queensbury Hotel. 1729 D Valley Road. IL 61820. include members’ names. and Members who are delinquent in 1990 nity by becoming “Friends of Australia. will be dropped Snyder (518) 854-3888.199O the international piano commu. Elizabethtown. Contact: John Foy. the Home Office and disbursed to whose dues have been paid by Deadline for submission of awarda March 2. Contact: Sharla be collected and members’ names Kistler.1989 by credit card . PA 18104. A contribution form will be IAPBT.199O Deadline for submission of officer Although membership in Home Office. Mastercard.” July 7-11. Bylaws Committee. those whose dues are unpaid by vember mailing. Hyatt Regency ship card and IAPBT pin.either Visa or your listing in the Guild’s 1990 RTT Tuning & Technicnl Examina. and from those who join after the No- State Conference. (717) 367-8256 will include chapter dues. Kansas City. Dues will officially be time invoices are prepared - RTZ’ Tuning & Technical Examina. Contact: Home Oflice. CA is not open to individuals. ) I Dates & 1990 Dues Process Begins Deadlines Invoices for 1990 Piano and addresses. membership directory will tions. 1. tion in the international organi- Piano Builders and Technicians 1666 W. dresses and phone numbers as RTl’ Tuning Examination.1990. Champaign. Contributions will nominations to Nominating the International Association of be used to fund Guild participa- Committee. North especially the collection of they appear in the Home Office Carolina State Conference. Japan. NY. Korea. members will be able to pay dues that this information is correct - November 2526. chapter dues. which also includes 90710. Contact: Teri Powell.OCT.1990. due Jan. Guild zation. Contact: Stephen The dues invoice will also March 2.. officers will receive a printout be mailed to paid-up members Proposed bylaws chnnges due to this month verifying amounts to beginning in December. March 2 drop date. members and others can support technicians’ organizations in March 2.1990. New York delinquent Jan.

~ Those statements just not contributing to society. MA. and hardly a right now. but there I am writing in rebuttal to ing their troubles. There is no need to feel that Steinway 6 Sons. and most During this time. appreciation and thanks will go heard only one tuner say that he I was impressed with Dr. Many of these rather the imperfect piano. Boston. for having called to remind them ogy at North Bennet St. I hope that this lett. I don’t see were problems because of the David Barr’s recent article. 13 of those as an RTT. Usually. Mr. they can handle. my standard of we piano technicians are no recently at the convention in living has definitely very steadily longer needed. Unless my accu-tuner after determining the To The Soundboard: friends are very good at conceal. but Mark Mestman. students they cannot yet accom- and style. “Self them having a hard time making imperfect piano. failure to avoid the trap of over. A Bill Garlick tuners have bought homes and temperament was set using the are raising families. but you. It is difficult to agree with modate. pencils and erasers I have to aural refinements could be a The viewpoints expressed in the remove from the pianos I service. There is no way hard way. machine tuning without the the Economic Affairs Committee. years. ends meet. article were overly pessimistic to I would say it looks like some serious “tedious” work is being UHE say the least. Mr. The problem with machine My thanks to each and all of Associates. 25 pianos per week. Mr. Judging by It was evident that a good presented under the heading of the amount of music books. our morale would be so high if To The Soundboard: ers. at least some way towards wasn’t making a good living in Sanderson’s presentation and expressing my feelings about a piano work. acquainted with. spaceeach month. I have since learned. Lettersfrom readers on organiza. performing a valuable service. I have been blessed increased. the acoustic piano Portland. the convention. or one has so many people to thank ing ~s. I am tuning an average of handle. and most of the tuner. class on aural tuning for elec- So many of you will never spending my income via credit tronic tuners at the Portland know how deeply I have been cards. As a result I was affected by this.D or the “endless interwoven many of us felt we were not There comes a time when barrage of negativity surround. Rather it is due to my past I attended Dr. As that the task becomes too big to don’t make any sense to me at for me. with the room. I have been a full-time prac. RTT encouragement from friends and that is not at all due to any real colleagues in the the Piano or imagined lack of income. the hope that our membership All of the piano teachers I tional matters will be published in this will be given the opportunity to know are booked completely. October IQ89 . Barr’s article to have been toward the negative. Letters should be read a more positive assessment some have waiting lists for conciseand may be editedfor length of our trade. I doubt self-esteem of most piano tun. it is the electronic keyboards that I our profession today. garding the piano’s place and that temperament and the rest of It seems inappropriate for value in society also are skewed the tuning. aural requirement for electronic nesses. latterly working at occupation the entire time. Therefore I see lying unused in a comer of am submitting this rebuttal. outpouring of support and to feeling financially pinched. day goes by when one or more of Starting with my years as ticing piano technician for 14 my customers doesn’t thank me an instructor in Piano Technol. Barr’s statements re. within one’s means. Sanderson’s out the world of the piano. is here to stay and so are quali- with an almost overwhelming I would be the first to admit fied piano technicians. necessary in order to improve sue of the Journal. Such a time for me is all. aural tuning skill would be which appeared in the July 89 is. I have tuners to 80 percent. Continued on page 4 2ON2 .er of In all this time. All of the RTI”s I am with the capabilities of the accu- very wonderful experience. that much self-esteem convinced that the Council made I can properly thank all of you for can be had in learning to live the right decision in raising the your many thoughtful kind. have all the work tuning is not the machine. and were too generalized to be a fair and accurate report on the state of done at these pianos. correct stretch factor. School in Piano service has been my sole to get the piano tuned. To The Soundboard: Technicians Guild and through. Barr’s findings regarding the The morale at our chapter “slow but constant erosion of the meetings is very high. Considerable Esteem and the Piano Tuner”.

teacher seminars and other factories or related facilities. chairman of a select committee Journal. Boone led a drive which resulted in the purchase of Pat Neff Hall on the University the carillon (Baylor News-Journal photos). he was able to avenues for the repair or replace. but few have an opportunity to service a carillon. Exciting Ruth Brown ated a different approach for guinea pig during her tuning CMAC Regional Director technicals . with a wide cal. who had grown support with a donation of little about the operational quite fond of the music provided $325. This Several chapters wrote to us review or for newer members. The other two sold pianos. ary visits from CPAs and a wide in the Yellow Pages. and one MTNA groups. Two chapters rebuilt and had a fantastic year. the chimes. and The social calendar includes publicity-minded projects. voluntarily by the chimes. and get-togethers. Boone. RVP Boone Leads Drive For New Carillon Piano technicians are often called upon to work on many types of keyboard instruments. while two Many business programs the road. refused to let new carillon was specially cast began working on them. a magazine published by which were installed about 50 to find a way to bring the music the school’s office of public rela- years ago. campus. tions. Boone’s dedication and de- even his special talents were not Boone guided the search. Lack of parts and old age 1988. who knew system. The editor of one range of technician-given small- Three chapters have initi. variety of technical programs. and CMAC reports events. Three chapters visited piano from the CMAC reports. are taking advantage of all the Newsletters are sent by 14 field trips. seminars and social newly available material on the chapters. lobster/clambake! to take the new PTG movie on fledged conventions. column is based on gleanings about their press releases. have been held. The new carillon was whenever they broke down.Northeast Region . twice yearly. In 1985. Chapter Activities Varied.one holds a “prob. 1988. piano technician at Baylor University. is part of the story behind the Baylor’s new McLane Carillon. The Cullen F. began malfunctioning in the late 1970’s. South Central RVP and piano techni- cian for the School of Music at Baylor University in Waco. In termination are part of the enough. much less spearhead a drive for its pur- chase. Danny Boone. A brief rundown: technical test.~Boone. he was named featured in the Baylor News Gradually. one had a slideshow of a plant in many dinners. Yet another has a others hosted one-day seminars. The Northeast region has rather than a one-person techni. exam. October1989-2WJ3 . alumnae Drayton McLane reason music still rings over the finally tolled the death of the and his family added their Baylor Campus. Thomas Danny Boone. For the them die. reached a state where back. One is planning Three chapters held full. and began seeking new for the University at a foundry in next several years. newsletter volunteered to be a business topics. including Janu- chapter telephone number listed Another set up a day-long busi. and use it for come in from far and wide. France and arrived in the fall of keep instilling life into them ment of the instruments. special banquets including working with local China. TX. enabling the chapter to see Northeast Region lem clinic” or group discussion the test first-hand.000 for a new carillon. The system of the chimes. For the next two years. ness program. located in the tower of school’s new carillon. poses with the Chimes.

along tions.R. The press release. So far. and prominence and teaching assign. Survivors include two their operation to include the Religion played a very im- daughters. he Optimist International. Dr. 1989 Convention in Portland. Sandy. and Clarence. Virgil E. In addition to regular Pi. restoration) gained him national present for Raye’s funeral which Merly. him to a hobby of restoring old Sustaining Member of the Guild. many activities earned him a tember 1. a son. lubricants and portant part in Raye’s life. but his illness presence will most certainly be Raye McCall. Keith Bowman and Jim Intermediate Chapter categories As I see it. top quality work. 1989 following charge of putting on the annual several months of illness. Carraher of Reading-Lancaster. missed. his marvelous singing voice was Lillian Brandt. is easy to see why the electronic Achievement awards program to vania and Reading-Lancaster tuner needs a comparable tuning obtain publicity for the Guild in Chapters received first prize score to be able to improve an ex- local publications. In Respectful Memory.. ing Vice President and President. Pays Off In Pennsylvania wondering and asking how many aural tunings meet that stan- Members of two Pennsylva. His mechanical aptitude led Texoma Chapter. He was also a life member of “Presidential Citation” at the TX. PA. Raye’s expertise (especially a natural complement to choir.. quality tuning. R’IT. He was Pomona Valley Chapter Seminar. superior aural skills. Irene Ulschaffer. Before be- salesman for McCarty Music and inventory of rental pianos and coming a Piano Technician. awards in the Small Chapter and cellent machine tuning. Rl’l’ passed For many years he was in Paul Seabern away July 30. Raye Jimmy Gold individual tutoring program at has touched many of us and his Portland this year. A native of Minnesota. Raye McCall. and a Chapter erated a Rebuilding Shop in Po. RTT with an expanded version of a Chicago Chapter 20/W-October1999 . It year’s Chapter Management and The South Central Pennsyl. they maintained an his skill in that area. RTT prevented him from attending. ments at our National Conven. Arthur other related items to piano was very active in his church and Jr. Certainly an dance at the recent Portland the photo and release have aural tuner would need to score Convention and the recognition appeared in the Elizabethtown considerably higher than 80% on their chapters received in this Chronicle and the Towne News. Ray. have thought that heaven had all who knew and worked with ters and state conventions. had a photo taken during the activities. mona. California State Conference. a very active member of the and for several years he was the Soundboard. He and Shirley Dunn. was to have headed up the the music was so beautiful. includ. TX. Edna Berger. and adhesives. technicians. Elsie Locket& and Esther in Player Piano maintenance and A very large crowd was Bolwby.. was a retired ano Service. briefly described convention Therefore. Following his wishes. the finest tuning Hess of the South Central of the Chapter Management is possible aurally or electroni- Pennsylvania Chapter and Mike Awards. church choir sang and one might member and will be missed by grams and teaching at local chap. passed away Sep. the He was a dedicated PTG tions as well as giving many pro. His Henrietta. 76. they expanded subject was also well known. clocks and he became known for Tot&. Guild press release prepared for dard-about 50% according to nia chapters used their atten. was held on August 3rd at his seven grandchildren.. I found myself P. Raye a member of Elks Lodge and also rebuilt reed organs. 1989 in Wichita Falls. five sisters. RTT Pomona Valley Chapter where he Convention Coordinator for the Arthur (Art) Tofte. of had held several offices. He joined us here on earth because him. requires a convention with their chapters’ members at the convention for test score that demonstrates awards and distributed it to use in their hometown publica.. was a Charter Member of the Raye and his wife Ruth op. Smith. Sanderson. church. convention-going RTTs. After had been a professional photogra- Lake Arrowhead Baptist learning about the use of epoxies pher and his expertise in that Church. which cally with aural corrections. the tuning test to tune as well. eight area newspapers. Gloria Simmerman sale of glues. was distributed to R’IT electronic or aural. Arthur Tofte. four brothers.