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Desain Tulangan Rangkap Balok Anak Arah X

Data-data:
a. Penampang Beton
Lebar b = 25 cm
250 mm
Tinggi h = 50 cm
500 mm
b. Momen Rencana Beban Terfaktor Mud
Mud = 3409.71 kg-m
34.097 kN-m
Diameter tulangan = 13 mm
Diameter sengkang = 13 mm
Penutup beton d' = 2.5 cm
25 mm
Kekuatan tekan beton fc' = 300 kg/cm2
30 MPa
Tegangan leleh tulangan fy = 3600 kg/cm2
360 MPa
ratio As'/As = 0.6
Faktor reduksi = 0.9
Analisis :
Tinggi efektif d = 45.55 cm
455.50 mm
Jarak cgs tulangan = 4.45 cm
Momen retak Mr = 99724 kg-cm
1.00 ton-m
9.97 kN-m
Tulangan minimum Amin = 0.61 cm
2
61.05 mm2 = 2
Jarak garis netral kondisi seimbang :
xb = 28.47 cm
Regangan dan tegangan tulangan tekan As' :
e s' = 0.0025
ey = 0.0017
f s' = 3600.00 kg/cm2
360.00 MPa
b1 = 0.85

Tulangan maksimum :
Amax = 80.35 cm2
8034.64 mm2 = 61
Mmax = 11353011 kg-cm
1135.30 kN-m
Desain tulangan :
Mud = 3409.708 kg-m
Mnd = 378856.44 kg-cm < Mmak , penampang memenuhi sya
37.89 kN-m
Proses coba -coba :
a = 2.04 cm <
20.41 mm
x = 2.40 cm
24.01 mm
e s' = -0.0026
ey = 0.0018
f s' = -3600 kg/cm2
-360 MPa
Rencana tulangan tarik As = 2.26 cm2
225.89 mm2
Momen nominal rencana Mnd = 378856 kg-cm
38 kN-m
Momen nominal kapasitas Mnk = 378857 kg-cm O.K !
38 kN-m
Jumlah rencana tulangan tarik As = 2 D 13 =
Jumlah tulangan tekan As' = 1 D 13 =
As,total =
Ab =
Susunan Tulangan :
Pembesian Balok
Tulangan tarik As = 2 D 13 mm
Tulangan tekan As' = 1 D 13 mm
Bobot tulangan/m2 = 25 kg/m2
X Kapasitas Penampang Tulangan Terpasang Ba

Data-data :
a. Penampang Beton
Lebar =
Tinggi =
b. Penulangan
As = 3
As' = 2
Selimut beton = 2.5
fc' = 300
fy = 3600
Ratio tulangan tekan = 0.6
Faktor reduksi = 0.9
fs = 13

Perhitungan :
Tinggi efektif penampang :
d = 44.90
s = 4.45
Momen retak :
Mr = 0.97
Momen Kapasitas Penampang Mnk
Ta = 14
b1 = 0.85

Coba-coba :
a = 2.94
x = 3.46
D 13 mm e s' = -0.0009
ey = 0.0017
f s' = -1795
( Cc + As' * fs' ) = 14
zCc = 43.43
zCs' = 40.45
Mnk = 6.22
Muk = 5.60
Bobot besi = 41.94

D 13 mm

penampang memenuhi syarat.

18.15 cm

265 mm2
133 mm2
0.04 m2
12.50 mm2
pang Tulangan Terpasang Balok Anak Arah X

25 cm
50 cm

f 13 mm = 4 cm2
f 13 mm = 3 cm2
cm Astotal = 7 cm2
kg/cm2 Bobot = 41.94 kg/m2
kg/cm2

mm

cm
cm

ton-m = 9.69 kN-m

ton

cm
cm
kg/cm2
= Ta = 14 ton
cm
cm
ton-m = 62.22 kN-m
ton-m = 56.00 kN-m
kg/m2
Klasifikasi Balok T Menentukan Nilai bm
1. Menentukan jarak bersih terpende
2. Menghitung bm berdasarkan 3 sya
Data : Balok Anak 1 𝑏𝑚 ≤𝑏�+8𝑡�
a. Penampang Beton 2 𝑏𝑚 ≤�/4
Lebar bw = 250 mm 𝑏𝑚
3 ≤0.5𝑗𝑎𝑟𝑎𝑘 𝑏𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖ℎ 𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑘 𝑦𝑎
Lebar bm = 1537.5 mm Balok Anak
Tinggi flens t = 200 mm bw 250
Tinggi h = 500 mm t 200
b. Momen Rencana Beban Terfaktor Mud 1 bm =
Mud = 28.8 kN-m 2 bm =
Mnd = 32.00 kN-m 3 bm =
Diameter tulangan = 13 mm bm terpilih
Diameter sengkang = 13 mm
Penutup beton s = 25 mm
Kekuatan tekan beton fc' = 30 MPa
Es = 200000 MPa
Tegangan leleh tulangan fy = 360 MPa
Ratio As'/As = 0.6
Faktor Reduksi (φ) = 0.9

Analisis
Tinggi efektif d = 455.5 mm
d' = 44.5 mm
cb = 284.69 mm
Regangan dan tegangan:
εc = 0.003
ab = 241.98
εy = 0.0018
εs' = 0.0023325
fs = 360 MPa

Identifikasi Balok

a coba-coba = 1.80 mm
CCt = 70.39 kn
zct = 454.60 mm
Mnkt = 32.000004 KN-m
Mukt = 32.00 KN-m

Identifikasi balok :
Balok T palsu
Lebar b = 250 mm
Tinggi h = 500 mm
Lebar bw = 250 mm
kan jarak bersih terpendek 8000 mm
ng bm berdasarkan 3 syarat
𝑚 ≤𝑏�+8𝑡�

.5𝑗𝑎𝑟𝑎𝑘 𝑏𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖ℎ 𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑘 𝑦𝑎𝑛𝑔 𝑏𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑒𝑏𝑒𝑙𝑎ℎ𝑎𝑛+𝑏�

mm L 8350 mm
mm 2b01 2575 mm
1850 mm
2087.5 mm
1537.5 mm
1537.5 mm
Desain Penulangan Balok T Palsu

Data :
a. Penampang Beton
Lebar bw = 250 mm
Tinggi h = 500 mm
Lebar bm = 1537.5 mm
tf = 200 mm
b.Momen Rencana Beban Terfaktor
Mud = 28.8 kN-m
c.Tulangan
Diameter Tulangan Utama = 13 mm
Diameter Sengkang = 13 mm
Penutup Beton = 25 mm
d.Sifat Material
Beton (fc') = 30 MPa
εc = 0.003
Es = 200000 MPa
Tulangan (fy) = 360 MPa
e.Rasio tulangan tekan terhadap tarik
As'/As = 0.6
Faktor Reduksi (φ) = 0.9

Perhitungan
d = 455.5 mm
d' = 44.5 mm
Mnd = 32000000 N-mm
As* = 1275000 mm2
Balok T palsu
cb = 284.6875 mm
es' = 0.0025310648
ey = 0.0018
fs' = 360 Mpa
a = 241.984375
Amax = 10712.8499349 81 D
Cc = 1542650.390625 N-mm
Zcc = 334.5078125 mm
M max = 1467.072573441 KN-m

Desain tulangan
Mud = 28.8 kN-m
Mnd = 32 kN-m
a coba-coba = 31.4673498975 mm
c = 34.9637221083 mm
es = 0.0360833675
es' = -0.0008182434
ey = 0.0018
fs' = -163.6486732537 MPa
Rencana tulangan tarik As = 1393.085802752 mm2
Momen nominal rencana Mnd = 32000000 N-mm
Momen nominal kapasitas Mnk = 32000000 N-mm = 32
Jumlah rencana tulangan (n) = 11 D 13 =
Jumlah tulangan tekan As' = 7D 13 =

Susunan tulangan
Tulangan tarik As = 11 D 13 -
Tulangan tekan As' = 7D 13 -
Pemeriksaan Kapasitas Penampang Balok T Palsu (Tulangan Rang

Data :
a. Penampang Beton
Lebar bw = 250 mm
Tinggi h = 500 mm
Lebar bm = 1537.5 mm
tf = 200 mm
b. Penulangan
As 12 D 13
As' 8D 13
Selimut beton 25 mm
fc' 30 MPa
fy 360 MPa
Ratio tulangan tekan 0.6
Faktor reduksi 0.9
diameter sengkang 13 mm

Perhitungan :
Tinggi efektif penampang :
d = 455.5 mm
s = 44.5 mm

Momen Kapasitas Penampang Mnk


a= 200
c= 235.2941
es' = 0.002433
ey = 0.0018
fs' = 360 Mpa
Ta = 573403.5 N
β1 = 0.85
Cc + Cs' = 8223519 N

Pemeriksaan Kapasitas
a = 5.850124 mm
13 c = 6.882498 mm
es' = 0.016397
ey = 0.00018
fs' = 360 MPa
( Cc1 + As' * fs' ) = 573403.5 = Ta =
zCc = 452.5749 mm
zCs' = 411 mm
Mnk = 2.45E+08 N-mm =
Muk = 2.21E+08 N-mm =

kN-m OK
1460.055 mm2
929.126 cm2

mm
mm
ok T Palsu (Tulangan Rangkap)

mm = 1592.787 mm2
mm = 1061.858 mm2
Balok T Palsu

573403.5 N

245.2045 kN-m
220.6841 kN-m
Desain Tulangan Geser Balok Anak Arah X

Data : Balok Anak Arah X


Lebar = 25 cm
Tinggi = 50 cm
Penulangan :
Gaya geser beban terfaktor Vud = 2686 kg
Momen torsi beban terfaktor Tud = 0 kg-m
Diameter tulangan sengkang = 13 mm
Jumlah kaki = 2 kaki
Selimut beton = 2.50 cm
f'c = 300 kg/cm2
fy = 3600 kg/cm2
Faktor reduksi f = 0.90
Perhitungan :
Av = 2.65 cm2
d = 47.50 cm
Vc = 10840 kg
fVc = 9756 kg
Tn = 856 kg-m
fTu = 770 kg-m

smak = 23.75 cm
Vsmin = 19113 kg
fVsmin = 17202 kg
Vsmak = 43361 kg
fVsmak = 39025 kg

Tabel Penulangan Sengkang :


s[cm] fVc [kg] fVs [kg] Vuk [kg]
23.75 9756 17202 26958
Vud[kg] Keterangan
2686 jarak sengkang memenuhi