INDIA’S FIRST TETRA NETWORK by Delhi Metro Railway Corporation(DMRC


TETRA Delhi Seminar September 2008

Prashant Rao Chief Signal & Telecomm Engineer
Slide 1

Delhi – the need for a mass transit system
• As cities grow in size, the number of vehicular trips on road system goes up. This requires a pragmatic policy shift to discourage private modes and encourage public transport. • Delhi has experienced phenomenal growth in population in the last few decades. Its population has increased from 6 million in 1981 to almost 15 million today. • For want of an efficient mass transport system, the number of motor vehicles had increased from 0.5 million in 1981 to more than 4 million today. • The result is extreme congestion on Delhi roads, ever slowing speeds, increase in road accidents fuel wastage and environmental pollution with motorized vehicles alone contributing to about two thirds of the atmospheric pollution.

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Hyderabad) Slide 3 . Mumbai.DMRC today • DMRC was then given a mandate to construct >50 kms of Metro Rail tracks in Delhi by 2005 • Work started in 1998. and the first section of Line 1 opened on 25 Dec 2002 • DMRC today consists of 3 operational lines. which concluded the Phase1 of the Project • Proven to be a tremendous success in meeting its aims of reducing road congestion. Bangalore. • The success of Delhi Metro has inspired greater support for mass transit systems in India (e. stimulating economic development within the proximity of the stations .g.

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DMRC phase 2 lines .by 2010 Slide 5 .

Metro Rails Major Building Blocks • The Structures-Stations.Traction and Low Voltage Supply • Train Control & Signaling Systems • Telecommunication Systems • Ticketing Systems Slide 6 . Tunnels. Elevated Via-Duct • The Rail Track • The Rolling Stock • Electrical Systems.

Radio system Requirement • Train to Controller Communication • Operations & Maintenance Personnel • Security Staff Slide 7 .

Why TETRA • TETRA was selected as the radio technology for the following reasons: – Open Standards • • • • Guaranteed minimum performance (~ 500 ms setup time) Provides evolutionary growth Sourcing from more than one vendor Competitive pricing – – – – – Frequency efficient Group & Private Call Integrated voice and data Full Duplex Resilience • Site Trunking • DMO Slide 8 .

EPABX TC&S (Train Control & Signalling). PA (public address). • Thales (Line 1&2) and Siemens (Line 3) supplied the telecommunication system including the radio system. – Motorola was selected as the sub-supplier to provide the TETRA integrated digital radio system for these Lines. • Further for Phase 2 Network also Motorola is contracted to supply the TETRA radio system for the upcoming 100 km Slide 9 .DMRC Radio System • Operational from 2002 • Digital Trunked Radio System operating in 380-400 MHz conforming to ETSI TETRA standard – – – – Calling of Train by Train Identity Number (TID) Customized GUI Screen for Dispatch Operator Train Radio Control Panel for train drivers Interfaces to other Telecommunication Subsystems • • • • FOTS (fibre optic transmission system).

Train Control Interface.System Sizing • Phase 1 – Central Network Equipment (SwMi) at Master Site – 15 Radio Base Stations – 12 Customized GUI Dispatchers – 120 Trainborne Mobile Radios • Mobile Radio. Radio Control Panel – 122 Fixed Radios • Standard Mobile Radio installation – 600 Portable Radios Slide 10 . Radio Control Panel – 60 Fixed Radios • Standard Mobile Radio installation – 500 Portable Radios Phase 2 – Standby Central Network Equipment (SwMi) – 19 Radio Base Stations – 17 Customized GUI Dispatchers – 248 Trainborne Mobile Radios • Mobile Radio. Train Control Interface.

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Slide 12 . – PA announcement to trains from Dispatcher at OCC. • The development of application is based on Application Program Interfaces • The required functionalities are performed from the customized GUI of the dispatch terminals.Radio Dispatch sub-system • The radio dispatch application was customized according to DMRC’s operational requirements. Key functions include: – Calling of trains by their assigned Train Identity Number or RakeID – Full duplex private calls between Dispatcher and Train Drivers.

Controller can make direct announcement inside Train – Implemented by interfacing onboard radio to on-board PA • Radio to station PA announcement – In Emergencies . etc) – Good quality Voice due to inherent improved quality of TETRA – Can select a Particular Station Number and a particular Zone – Implemented by radio Interface to EPABX and further EPABX interface to PA Radio Panel Display Handset Slide 13 . Evacuation.Trainborne equipment • Implemented in front and rear cab • Operating in main and standby • Direct PA announcement from OCC to train passengers – In case of Emergency (e.Portable to Station PA announcement facility (Fire. driver incapacitated).g.

Trainborne Radio Equipment Architecture TRIU MR CPU TRCP I/O DC/DC Fall Back Link DC/DC TRCP I/O MR TRIU CPU •Trainborne Radio Equipment consists of Mobile Radio Train Radio Control Panel Train Radio Interface Unit •Implemented in the Front and Rear cab •Fall Back connection to Rear cab •Operating in the standby mode to the Front cab Slide 14 .

feeding cables into tunnels and station areas.Radio Coverage in Underground • Is by Leaky Coaxial (LCX) Cables and Indoor Antennas • Bi-directional Amplifiers(BDA)/ RF-Optical Repeaters provided at every station . • LCX cables are also provided of GSM/CDMA operators for Mobile coverage Slide 15 .

Further ext Station1 Station2 Station 3 Station N CN BDA BDA BDA DC Blocs DC Blocs Station Network BDA PS BDA Power Splitter 1:2 BDA DC Blocs Station Network BTS Station Network 16 Slide 18 .

Radio CNE Slide 17 .

Radio Tower (50 m) Slide 18 .

Remote Base Station (BTS) Slide 19 .


Conclusion • TETRA communication system has been implemented successfully • The signals are clear • The voice clarity is excellent • The TETRA technology effectively meets DMRC’s operational and functional expectations Slide 21 .

THANK YOU Slide 22 .

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