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A SHORT MANUAL ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS

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Compiled by Prashant Ranjan Verma

www.daisyindia.org 1

CONTENTS

Chapter Page

1. How to Make a Disaster Plan for Your Family

3

2. How to Create a Home First Aid Kit

6

3. How to Administer Adult CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)

9

4. How to Pack an Emergency Kit for the House

11

5. How to Avoid Danger During Civil Unrest

17

6. How to Be Safe During a Landslide

18

whether we're ready for them or not. such as fire. Check with your local emergency management or civil defense office. you don't need to prepare for a hurricane. How to React During an Earthquake 19 2 1. How to Make a Disaster Plan for Your Family Disasters. for example) or man-made (i. While some disasters. tornadoes. the hazards you might encounter vary widely from place to place.7. but you'd better be ready for tornadoes. or the National Weather Service to get an idea of what emergencies you should prepare for. Steps Determine what disasters your area is susceptible to. If you live in Kansas. can happen anywhere. Red Cross chapter. nuclear accidents. A little planning and practice before you're in danger can help you and your family survive even the worst disasters.e. . Even with advance warning. or terrorist attacks) can strike at any time. a disaster can be overwhelming. and floods. fires. whether natural (hurricanes. and it's not always possible to communicate with family members who may be at work or school when an emergency strikes.

and determine the best evacuation routes on your own if need be. . It's important to educate yourself on how to respond to likely hazards. Everyone should also know how to escape the house in the event of a fire. Discuss disaster scenarios with your family and make sure everyone knows what to do in all the likely emergency scenarios. and replace their batteries yearly or as needed. Choose a spot that will likely be safe and that is well away from your neighborhood. and family members should learn how to use them. Fire extinguishers should be recharged according to the manufacturer's instructions. so it's important to have a predetermined rendezvous point. research your local hazards on your own. choose someone who lives in a distant town or in a different state. when push comes to shove. Figure out. but what happens to your familyif they are away from you or if you're killed or injured? It's not enough for one person in the family to know what to do--everybody should know the plan. Here are just a few examples: 3 Every home should have smoke detectors and fire extinguishers.Find out what you should do in case a disaster strikes. Designate a friend or relative as a contact person that you. what preparations you should make for a tornado or hurricane (you can find information on many disaster situations right here on wikiHow) and how to survive if you're caught in a disaster. Once you've identified potential disaster scenarios. Make sure that all your family members have the contact person's phone number with them at all times. In order to minimize the chance that the contact person will also be affected by the disaster. Pick a meeting spot and a way to get in contact with your family members. They may be able to provide you with evacuation maps and information about local warning systems and emergency plans. Test smoke detectors at least once a month. Fix potential hazards in your home. your spouse. it's your responsibility to ensure your family is well prepared. thoroughly inspect your house and try to make it as safe as possible. as you might not be able to make it back to your home. There's a good chance that all your family members won't be in the same place when disaster strikes. If you can't get all the information you need from officials. and your children can call if you can't meet up. Remember. for example. The organizations above will likely be able to advise you what to do in an emergency.

and everyone should know how to detect a gas leak. you should clear your property of brush and high grass to create a buffer zone between your home and the fire. it's a good idea to have an alternate already identified. Have contingency plans. Periodically go over your emergency plans with your family. In the event your emergency site is unavailable or other things change. prescription medications. Assemble a disaster kit. Practice your plan. Practice makes perfect. and update them as needed. make it an outing and get everyone involved. . See the related wikiHow for more details on building a disaster kit. school. and even small children should be taught how to call 9 -1-1 or the corresponding emergency number in your country. Adults and older children should know how to turn off gas. first aid supplies. Tips If your workplace. and in a life-or-death situation. Be prepared for emergencies with at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food and potable water. Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car. Go to meetings of local officials and request assistance. you want to respond perfectly. Do a live test with your family.If you live in an area prone to earthquakes. electricity and water if the house is damaged. take the initiative to start planning one. That will help you identify what works and what doesn't. Emergency numbers should be posted near phones. Everyone who can learn CPR and first aid should take a certification class and keep their certification current. If you live near woods with the possibility of forest fires. Teach your family basic life-saving techniques. or town hasn't developed an emergency plan. heavy bookcase sitting right next to the baby's crib. and other things you might need if you have no utilities and no way to purchase supplies. and collaborate with your neighbors and coworkers to help make your whole community safer. you wouldn't want a tall. as it could be knocked over in a quake. An inexpensive "pay-as-you-go" cell phone is a good addition to the kit. Quiz and drill your family on important safety concepts.

org. These do not use batteries and are safer than candles. Planning makes you safer. too. You will need to assess the unique set of potential hazards in your area and prepare for them accordingly. Many insurance policies also require certain precautions in order for a loss to be covered. people have had to rely on text messaging when phone lines and towers were decimated in the disaster. Check out these sites: Ready. In major disasters one can often call a number outside your area code but not within. Purchase and use "Self Powered Radios" and "Self Powered" flashlights. operated by the US Department of Homeland Security and Prepare. one who lives outside of your local area code in addition to one who lives within and also someone who can receive text messages. but be careful not to irrationally frighten children or to become obsessed with disaster yourself. In extreme cases. Be serious about your emergency planning. Insurers have an interest in minimizing the risk of injury or damage to your home in the event of a disaster. operated by the American Red Cross. Warnings This is not intended to be a complete guide to disaster preparation.It is a good idea to pick two or three emergency contacts. . After Hurricane Katrina cell phones were just about useless to make calls in the affected areas. 4 Besides the resources mentioned above. there are many resources on the internet to assist in this process. but they saved many lives and helped reunite families thanks to their text messaging capabilities that survived. you might also want to check with your insurance company for ways to make your house safer. so they will usually be happy to provide you with information.gov. If you are having difficulty with any of these steps. Some of these models can also charge your cell phone. and it should make you and your family feel safer.

Steps Choose a nice sized container. A first aid kit can be prepared by following the steps given below. Fill the box with the following sterile and/or newly-bought items: Adhesive dressings. They can be large. you can prepare for one by making a first aid kit.5 2. large and small. Teach your children and frequent house guests where the first aid kit is stored. It needs to be large enough to store the materials. Store it an easily accessed locale in your home. from regular Band-Aid shapes to small squares to large Small (but sharp) scissors A package of gauze pads. because you can always cut them if necessary. or tampons . How to Create a Home First Aid Kit Emergencies happen. Adhesive tape (Not like cellophane tape) Cotton Balls. of varied size and shape.

e. if you have no supplies in an emergency: sticks for splints . for keeping the infection out of cuts. in case of blood. or wiping down a surface) Antibiotic Ointment. cleaning dirt off of unbrokenskin. scrapes.body fluids and dangerous waste keep two pairs for the smallest kit A bee sting kit Insect Repellant sterile dressings(a sterile pad attached to a roller bandage) roller bandages triangular bandages sterile saline safety pins and bandage clips 6 You can use these items. etc.Rubbing nonAlcohol wipes for cleaning external surfaces only (i. A thermometer Tweezers for pulling out splinter Non-latex gloves.

Go to Your local red cross or other organisation.to clean wounds and eyes. Blue items are available for kitcens ECT. Neosporin is recommended. Cotton swabs are optional For antibiotic ointment.slings.cloth for bleeding. You could save a life by learning first aid. 7 Warnings . cotton balls.extra bandages and a thermometer. Tips You can also use a store bought kit and and add other items like alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. Water. because it does not sting the cut.

Steps Perform CPR only if certified. someone could be allergic. Do not store prescriptions in the first aid kit. and thermometer after each use. These instructions are for an adult only (infants and children differ). In case you are. . 8 3. How to Administer Adult CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) Let's hope you never have to be put in the situation where someone is in need of CPR. Use these instructions only for refreshing techniques learned from a certified CPR instructor. Be aware of what you use and don't let supplies get low! Be sure everyone who would potentially use the kit is not allergic to any of the ingredients. You may end up saving a person's life. Be aware that different organizations teach different methods for administering CPR.Wash tweezers.items such as an epipen are all right though Don't use any products containing natural rubber latex (NRL). it would be helpful to be informed on how to perform this technique. scissors.

Send for help. 000 in Australia. This way you'll make sure you specifically sent for help. or they could have been unconscious. broken bones. move the victim. see if there is something you can do to counteract it.) continue on tothe next step. but the situation still appears to be an emergency. However. If it still appears to be an emergency situation (e. clear voice.g. They may have just been sleeping. "Are you okay? Are you okay?" If they respond. turn off the stove. it can be done alone. And make sure you point to them and say "Go call 911" (or whatever the EMS number is in your area). If they were conscious. they were unconscious. If they do not respond. or put out the fire if possible. The best way to move the victim is by placing a blanket or a coat underneath their back and pulling on the coat or blanket. they are having trouble breathing. 112 by cellphone in the EU (including the UK) and 999 in the UK. Anything you can do to counteract the danger. check the victim for consciousness by shaking or tapping their shoulder and saying in a loud. Now that the scene is safe. if there is nothing you can do to counteract the danger. they are conscious. check for injuries. Call 911 in North America. etc. Open a window. continue on to the next step. Send someone to call the Emergency Medical Services (EMS). however. If you are alone. they appear to be fading in between consciousness and unconsciousness. preform CPR for one minute (which is about three cycles of CPR) and then call . The more people available for this step the better.Check the scene for safety. etc. Is there a car exhaust running? A gas stove? Is there a fire? If there is anything that could endanger you or the victim.

Cover them if it is cold. Your ring finger should be on top of the nipple (this will lower the chances of breaking a rib or ribs). and if possible. If it does not go in again. delivering two rescue breaths every 30 seconds/compressions.the EMS. send someone else to get an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) if there is one in the building. so it's easier to feel the patients breath). take the fingers that were on the forehead and pinch the victim's nose closed. If the breath goes in. Repeat Steps 6 through 8 for one minute. If there are no signs of life. reposition the head and try again. Place your hands on top of each other and place them in the center of the chest (on the breastbone) between the two nipples. If the breath goes in. and do them fast. Do this for ten seconds. etc. Do thirty of these compressions. uncover them if it is hot. Place your cheek above their mouth and stare at their chest (you cheeks have a lot of nerves in it. . If there are signs of life. you should see the chest slightly rise and also feel it go in. treat for shock. Recheck for signs of life. Compress the chest by pushing straight down approximately two inches deep. Also make sure you keep your eye on the victim's chest. then resume. Give two rescue breaths Keeping the airway open. as this will make sure the air goes in the lungs not the stomach. Make sure you breath slowly. If the breath does not go in. if you do not feel a breath or see the chest rising. approximately 30 compressions in 30 seconds. Make a seal with your mouth over the victim's mouth and breathe out for about one second. the victim may be choking. Check for signs of life: Place your hand on the victims forehead and two fingers on their chin and tilt the head back slightly to open the airway. If possible. place a breathing barrier over the victim's mouth. continue to the next step. give a second rescue breath.

they are breathing. you are too exhausted to continue or an AED is available for immediate use. stay where you are and either send someone to call Emergency Medical Services. or do so yourself and stay with the victim! Remember that if a person can talk in full sentences. and it is not safe to move the victim. or pulse and breathing return. If you feel the area is unsafe to enter. When moving the victim. ALWAYS call the Emergency Medical Services. they probably have a pulse. and if they are breathing. emergency personnel arrive. try to disturb the body as little as possible. Get trained! You get to learn and practice your skills under the supervision of a trained instructor with the help of a video presentation and CPR training mannequin ("dummy"). 9 Tips Don't forget to place your hands in the middle of the breastbone at the level of the nipples. Even "bad" CPR is better than no CPR! Warnings .Continue CPR until someone takes over for you.

American Red Cross and other societies in many countries offer such classes. Training organizations such as the American Heart Association. Do not move the patient unless they are in immediate danger or are in a place that is life threatening. Remember that CPR is different for adults. Don't worry if you break ribs . Always wear gloves and use a face shield or some other sort of barrier when possible. Be sure to survey the scene for danger before you attempt to administer CPR. you want to be ready. which are very crucial. Steps . Always practice CPR with a breathing barrier to prevent disease transmission.these can be fixed. go to one of the classes. How to Pack an Emergency Kit for the House In case an emergency happens in your area. Here are some tips on how to create an emergency kit for your home. Remember to also prepare a kit in the event that you may need to evacuate.You should learn this at a certified CPR class. If you have no knowledge of CPR. children and infants. They will show you how to do this without mistakes. 10 4. this CPR is meant to be administered to an adult. being dead can't.

burned or injured in some other way.In an emergency you or a loved one could be cut. If your locale does not havean emergency manager. . Contact your local emergency manager and ask. sold out. check with your county or state emergency management official for assistance. then build a kit to support the plan. even destroyed. tornado. Make a first aid kit if you don't already have a one. Pack a map in your kit. power will be out and batteries will be unavailable. Gather together the items on the list that you already have at home. These are especially helpful if you must evacuate and emergency routes may involve detours. Depending on where you live. you might need different things in an emergency such as flood. Purchase "Self Powered Flashlights" and "Self Powered Radios". hurricane. Determine what hazards exist in your local area. Write a plan based on the hazards. thus if your cell phone fails in a disaster. their infrastructure will be damaged. In the event of a disaster. The latest models have the "Weatherband/Emergency Band" and will also charge your cell phone. it will be that the cell phone towers.Look at the Things You'll Need to see what your kit should contain. If you have these basic supplies you are better prepared to help your loved ones when they are hurt. Of course there are a few things that you should have regardless of location. Pack according to location.

Your first aid kit should contain: A minimum of two pairs of Latex gloves for the smallest kit. Look through them all. You may go through several pairs in one emergency.Keep a running list. it may be a stranger who needs your help and having a latex barrier will help prevent infection. Sometimes gloves deeper in a box may still be good so don't toss the box because the first few pairs are bad. Designate a first aid kit for emergency or disaster and one for everyday use. They may become brittle. Check the integrity of the gloves if they've been stored in changing temperatures. 11 Use vinyl gloves if you or a family member is allergic to Latex. . Keep more pairs in your disaster kit that will evacuate with you. (Look for bulky dressings called surgi pads in health supply stores) Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect. Latex allergies can be severe. Remember. If you can't pick up everything at once you should add an item or two to each shopping trip. Sterile dressings to stop bleeding.

Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes Gauze pads Micropore tape Tweezers Scissors Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or sterile saline as general decontaminate. heart medicine and asthma inhalers.Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection. Burn ointment to relieve pain. Sterile saline is available in liter bottles in health supply stores. Thermometer Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin. .

car. and workplace. . you can roll it into your car. Look for something with wheels and/or handles. Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring equipment and supplies. This does not have to be expensive. You never know where you'll be when an emergency strikes. It should be small enough so that in an emergency. Go to the store to buy the items you don't already have. Over the counter pain medicine (Like Tylenol and Advil) and an antihistamine (Like Benadryl). These are available in the storage sections of most discount stores.You should periodically rotate medicines to account for expiration dates and have a plan for refrigerated insulin. Just a large waterproof box with a lid. Consider placing kits in your home. or home in just a few minutes. yard. 12 Obtain a waterproof box.

Keep at least a three-day supply of the items listed in the "Things You'll Need" section (below) in the box. energy bars. the elderly or if you live in a warm climate. location. . Consider other things you might need-especially things such as medication. and workplace will keep you hydrated when you're under stress. or health. nursing mothers.Use backpacks or plastic tool boxes for jump and run bags. Keeping water (in clean plastic bottles) in your home. car trunk. bandages. Keep everything sorted with clear zip sandwich. quart or gallon bags. or other things according to age. Stay hydrated! Water is the most essential life sustaining resource. spare socks and good walking shoes in case public transportation is disrupted. For worker/s in large urban areas keep a back pack under your desk which contains water. flashlight. You may need more water for children. You may need to add electrolyte replacement drinks (gatorade or powerade) to replace valuable minerals in warm or humid weather or if you will be very active.

but are highly useful in emergencies. Batteries will be unavailable in a emergency and some models will also charge your cell phonesSome of these devices are solar powered as well as using a "crank generator".Don't forget to pack nonperishable food into your kit Tips Make sure that if space is limited. External battery packs or a car charger are examples. Purchase Self Powered Radios AND Self Powered Flashlights. Glowsticks. even a explosion. Using candles can cause a fire. 13 . Online. especially if there is gas leaks going on. explosive. everything you bring is essential. . Wal*Mart. Cell phones are optional.Find these at Radio Shack. Candles are a safety hazard. Pack two methods for charging or powering your cell phone. flammable gas is in the area.

remember to choose food your family will actually eat. even to other states and countries. Fire drills are important to teach your family. Keep old prescription glasses when you get new glasses.Family Radio System (FRS) radios can be useful in keeping in touch with your friends or family in a small area when telephones are out. Students may be given a kit that can be used as a starter for your personal disaster kit. This allows one to communicate over greater distances. running refrigerators. Remember. Good choices include: Ready-to-eat canned meats. Make your kit portable. In deciding what food to put in your emergency kit. fruits and vegetables Protein or fruit bars Dry cereal or granola Peanut butter Dried fruit Nuts Crackers . etc. in the event that you would need to evacuate. An old pair of glasses is better than none at all. Knowing how to treat minor injuries can make a difference in an emergency. powering your TV. many injuries are not life threatening and do not require immediate medical attention. Consider [Community Emergency Response Team] training. in case there ever were to be a fire. Power inverters (Converts DC power to AC power) for cars are handy for charging cell phones. Practice emergency drills with your family. Consider becoming an amateur radio operator. radios. Make sure you include an original prescription bottle with dosage information in case you need to get medicines refilled during an event.

[1] Things You'll Need .Canned juices Non-perishable pasteurized milk High energy foods Vitamins Food for infants Comfort/stress foods 14 Warnings Bring only what you need. as they will only make you thirsty.heat can significantly degrade the quality of supplies in a few months. Avoid putting salty foods in your emergency kit. Try to store supplies in an area constantly below 80 degrees F and out of direct sunlight. Consider temperatures where you store your kits .

for 3 days. First aid kit Flashlight(s) and extra batteries Self powered flashlights which are available in the local Walmart and Radio Shack.medication you may need such as heart medications. NOAA weather radios are the best way to stay informed about National Weather Service weather warnings and watches. prescription glasses. Extra clothing for warmth Waterproof matches. This model will even charge cell phones.Sleeping bag or warm blankets. and do not use batteries. or whatever you would need to turn off utilities in your house. The "Eton" radio. this will save you money on batteries. Self powered radio -. as are glow sticks.[2] Food for your family for three days -canned. These types of lights are safer than candles. has a LED flashlight built into it.. Weather radio with tone alert to get updates about severe weather conditions. Other emergency tools are also a good idea. should they run low on power. will also "Alert" you. An extra set of car keys and cash and/or a credit card.available from your local discount or electronics store. only it does NOT use batteries. and has the Weather Band built into it. non-perishable foods that last a long time. which will be unavailable in a emergency Wrench. Water. and also online.a "ALERT" siren. you should have several gallons on hand. In the U. Make sure you have at least one good sleeping bag or heavy blanket for each family member.S. a RED LED "ALERT" light built into it. if the water supply is contaminated or declared undrinkable. The radio should be battery-operated and have a tone-alert feature that automatically notifies you when an advisory is issued.. Don't forget to include a manual can-opener. and batteries will not be available in a emergency. or lighter Unique family needs -. infant formula and diapers etc. etc. A good guide is one gallon of water per person per day. Some "Self Powered Radios" also have the weather band. Pet food and water Whistle to signal for help Dust mask for filtering contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter in place . a "Self Powered" radio is a Weather Radio as seen above.

Consider additional clothing if you live in a coldweather climate. paper cups. Fire Extinguisher Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items Mess kits. you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. paper towels Activities for children (books. garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation Local maps 15 Other Items to Consider Cash or traveler's checks and change Emergency reference material such as a first aid book Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt. color safe or bleaches with added cleaners. bleach can be used as a disinfectant. games. plates and plastic utensils. puzzles etc.moist towelettes. Do not use scented.) 16 . long pants and sturdy shoes. Or in an emergency. Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper When diluted nine parts water to one part bleach.

5. The best way to stay safe during these disturbances is to avoid them or evacuate them. Should civil instability erupt. Keep a backpack filled with emergency rations and supplies. so it's good to keep an emergency supply. suggest. Make sure all members of your family know the plan. Steps Make preparations in advance. Make sure you know where your passport and other papers you may need are. As recent riots in places as varied as Dubai. How to Avoid Danger During Civil Unrest Each year thousands of people around the world are killed or injured in riots or other forms of civil unrest. embassies and airports in the area. survival can come down to luck. Paris. a small supply of cash. civil unrest can occur just about anywhere where there are enough people. money can sometimes buy you out of bad situations (a bribe at a roadblock. you may need to be evacuated. hospitals. Keep a small amount of non-perishable food and some bottled water in a backpack. on hand. as once you're in the midst of a riot. especially if you're traveling abroad. for example) and will usually be essential to facilitate any evacuation. including a little cash. Keep an emergency credit card. . During civil unrest. Know the locations of police stations. and some traveler's checks with your passport. California. The total weight should not exceed 10 pounds. and make sure that you can easily get to them. Make an evacuation plan that includes where you can go to be evacuated (usually an embassy or an airport) and where you can go if you are unable to get to that place. so you or a family member can easily carry it. and San Bernardino.

consider postponing or rerouting your trip. The more people you get together in one place. where the smallest spark can ignite violence. police. consider avoiding festivals or other events where people crowd together. In the weeks. days. Pay attention to what's going on around you. If there is a strong possibility of civil unrest. You need a lot of people to make a mob. Contact your embassy and notify them of your presence. especially demonstrations. Avoid large groups of people. the larger the chance of a riot becomes. If you're traveling abroad in an unstable country. and get out of an area if warned. Before you travel abroad. Department of State or equivalent agencies. so riots are most common in urban areas. leave the area as quickly as is safely possible. or consulate staff warn you of the possibility of impending violence. residents of an area can often tell that something big is about to happen. 17 Tips . While riots can happen anywhere. If you're a traveler and local people. Stay away from demonstrations--peaceful protests can quickly turn violent--and. research conditions in the place you'll be visiting by reading news stories about the area and checking for travel advisories issued by the U. if the atmosphere is already tense. or hours preceding a riot.Know before you go. call your embassy to register and let them know where you are. they're most common in places that are experiencing palpable tension or upheaval.S.

since determined rioters will get in just about anywhere. Even airports can become swamped. especially bus and train stations. Do not venture into a riot to gawk or to find out what it's about. Follow these steps and you will be able to keep yourself safe during a landslide. How to Be Safe During a Landslide Emotions can be running very high during periods of emergency such as landslides. hurricanes or tornadoes. Rioting often brings looting. as it may put you in grave danger. many people fail to heed warnings to evacuate so that they can protect their homes or businesses.If you know civil unrest is occurring. earthquakes. . Consider this decision carefully. Make sure your doors are locked. Warnings During episodes of civil unrest. and your attackers may be armed. and looters can pillage and destroy your property. so it's best to call the airport or your embassy in advance to check on the situation there. Avoid public transportation. It's important to remember that if looters strike you will likely be outnumbered. and board up all your windows. Remove small valuables to a safer place if possible. potentially dangerous places. Secure your home and business if rioting is imminent. it's usually better to do so--your property is not worth your life. 18 6. the best thing you can do is stay far away from it. These places may become hopelessly--and dangerously--crowded if there is a threat of impending civil unrest. If you can evacuate.

Many debrisflow fatalities occur when people are sleeping. If you are near a stream or channel. Be especially alert when driving. . A trickle of flowing or falling mud or debris may precede larger landslides. such as trees cracking or boulders knocking together. Such changes may indicate landslide activity upstream. short bursts of rain may be particularly dangerous. consider leaving if it is safe to do so. Moving debris can flow quickly and sometimes without warning. mud. and other indications of possible debris flows. If you are in areas susceptible to landslides and debris flows.Steps Stay alert and awake. Staying out of the path of a landslide or debris flow saves lives. If you remain at home. Embankments along roadsides are particularly susceptible to landslides. be alert for any sudden increase or decrease in water flow and for a change from clear to muddy water. move to a second story if possible. Listen for any unusual sounds that might indicate moving debris. fallen rocks. Listen to a NOAA Weather Radio or portable. so be prepared to move quickly. batterypowered radio or television for warnings of intense rainfall. Watch the road for collapsed pavement. especially after longer periods of heavy rainfall and damp weather. Remember that driving during an intense storm can be hazardous. Be aware that intense. not your belongings. Don't delay! Save yourself.

police. Curl into a tight ball and protect your head if escape is not possible.Tips If you suspect danger of a landslide contact your local fire. How to React During an Earthquake Unlike hurricanes or floods. Local officials are the best persons able to assess potential danger. Steps . 19 7. Warnings Landslides are extremely dangerous and nothing to played around with. Evacuate immediately if you suspect imminent danger. earthquakes come without warning and are usually followed by similar aftershocks. or public works department. Learn how to prepare your house for earthquake safety and how to react if one does occur.

heavy paintings. TVs.Avoid unstable items and buildings. self powered flashlights. spare batteries. . pots and plants should be tied down or placed on safety mantles. solid fuel for a cooker. Injuries and deaths during earthquakes are caused by falling objects and collapsing structures. In the event of an earthquake. the most vulnerable parts of your body. Be fire aware. Keep a regularly maintained fire extinguisher nearby and learn how to use it. candles. Know the emergency exits in your building and make sure they are not obstructed in any way. money and ID documents. Secure heavy items. stereos. all tall or heavy furniture should be secured to the wall to prevent it from toppling over. Include in it a Self powered radio. Since falling objects pose the greatest danger during an earthquake. Remove all heavy items from the tops of shelves and cupboards. Most fires start small and can be extinguished easily with quick action. and are largely avoidable. Prepare an escape bag. Make sure you know where to switch off the gas supply to your apartment or building. Stock up at least 3 days of water and food. Take extra care in your home to ensure minimal damage or injury. Protect your most vulnerable areas. take all measures necessary to protect your head and neck. Ensuing fires after an earthquake can cause havoc. Keep an extra rotating supply of your prescription medications in the bag.

If you are driving. If you are outside. If you are in a crowded area. fireplaces. power lines. move quickly to higher ground or several hundred yards inland. Take cover under a sturdy desk or table. If possible. Move your car as far out of the normal traffic pattern as possible. If you have children or pets. avoid stopping under trees.Assume the "earthquake position". and heavy furniture or appliances that may fall over. To avoid stepping on broken glass and other objects. Stay inside to avoid being injured by falling glass or building parts. . Stay away from bridges. If you are at the beach. or signs. take cover where you are. Alternatively get down low next to a solid sofa or armchair and cover your head and neck with a pillow. If you are indoors. do everything possible to get them under the table with you. and your head tucked down toward the floor. light posts. Stay clear of windows. Make sure as much of their bodies are protected as possible. Keep children and pets safe. Make yourself small. drop down to the floor in the "earthquake position". but stay inside your car. wood stoves. get into the open. Take precautions wherever you happen to be. overpasses and tunnels. Place one hand on a leg of the table (to keep it from shifting away from you) and one hand over the back of your neck. Have shoes handy. away from buildings and power lines. keep a pair of shoes and flashlight in a plastic bag tied to a foot of your bed so you don't need to grope in the dark. with your knees on the floor. stop if it is safe.

explosive matter. Gauze Adhesive dressings Tweezers Small scissors Rubbing alcohol and cotton balls. it's always best to have one handy. Keep: A flashlight or two Batteries Self Powered Flashlight x2 and Self Powered Radio x2 Try to find batteries during this emergency.Try to remain calm. Wait for the earthquake to stop before moving from your spot. Candles are NOT to be used because of gas leaks. flammable matter in the area. Glowsticks. . 20 Tips Have a first aid kit ready. Not just for earthquakes.

If your shelter is damaged and the aftershock has passed. If you smell gas. If you have a true emergency but get no dial tone. don't hang up. Ask older children to mind the pets. As long as you stay on the line you are in the queue for a circuit as they become available.You should always have sufficient water on hand to supply your family's needs for three to seven days. It may help to keep pets in a basket or a cage. especially near a gas line.) Avoid using your phone. Leave circuits open for true emergencies. the sense of responsibility for their pets will help to ease a little of their fear. so that they can't wriggle away or scratch you from fear. The risks of injury during aftershocks is highest during the first few days following a large earthquake. GET OUT OF THAT AREA! Things You'll Need . (Don't forget there are at least 30 gallons of water in your water heater. Warnings Stay out of moderately and heavily damaged buildings (err on the side of caution). In fact. do NOT use candles at all. hear any "hissing" noises. Take the same protective actions during aftershocks. try to find another shelter. get to it and stay there. or if you can get to an undamaged area.

It could be difficult to try and find batteries after a quake and candles could set off an explosion due to possible gas leaks. even destroyed. Power may also be out for weeks. Unless the cell phone towers are damaged. .Evacuation bag (see above) Wrench to turn off your gas if you smell it escaping Fire extinguisher Self powered flashlights (crank flashlights or glow sticks) and self powered radios. cell phones would still function. Some models of these self powered radios and self powered flashlights can also charge cell phones.

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