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How to get high quality pipe tees?


2018-01-16

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What is a pipe tee?

Pipe Tee is a type of pipe fitting which is T-shaped having two outlets, at 90° to the
connection to the main line. It is a short piece of pipe with a lateral outlet. Pipe Tee is used
to connect pipelines with a pipe at a right angle with the line. Pipe Tees are widely used as
pipe fittings. They are made of various materials and available in various sizes and
finishes. Pipe tees are extensively used in pipeline networks to transport two-phase fluid
mixtures.

Using a pipe tee, a plumber is able to combine the flow of two separate pipes into a single
line. He may also divide a single supply line so that it flows to two different areas. For
example, a pipe tee can be used at the main water supply line in a home to direct some
water to the bathroom and some to the kitchen. It may also be used in the home’s
wastewater system, where it joins two separate sewer lines into a single main drain line
that can tie into a municipal drainage pipe. In industrial applications, a pipe tee can join
two pipes carrying different liquids, which blends the two materials into a single stream as
they flow to their final destination. Pipe tees can connect pipes of different diameters or
change the direction of a pipe run, or both. Available in a variety of materials, sizes and
finishes, they may also be used to transport two-fluid mixtures.

Standards

 ASME B 16.9 for large bore


 ASME B 16.11 for small bore

Types of pipe tees:

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REDUCING TEE

Reducing tee is widely used in various commercial and industrial applications.

EQUAL TEE

Equre tee (or straight tee), means the branch diameter of this tee is same with the main
pipe (Run pipe) diameter of this tee.

BARRED TEE

Barred tees are pipe fittings with two outlets, one at 90 °to the connection to the main
line that has tiny holes.

LATERAL TEE

A Lateral tee is one kind of tee fittings, which has a 45 degree branch from a pipeline: (45°
Lateral Tee). It is a kind of steel pipe tee, but the branch direction is different with the
straight tee. On the contrary to the lateral tee,the straight tee has a branch pipe direction
of 90 degree to the run pipe.

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Type of the lateral pipe fittings:

Lateral pipe fittings have two types: lateral tee and latrolet (also called Lateral Outlet).

The lateral tee’s shape is like a pipe tee, the butt welding lateral tees are made from steel
pipes or forgings, the manufacturing standard is ASME B16.9. there are also the forged
lateral tee produced refer to ASME B16.11,the ends are socket welding and threaded.

ANSI/ASME B16.11 Forged Steel Lateral Tee dimensions:

1/4″ to 4″ class 2000 threaded,1/8″ to 4″ class 3000 threaded,1/8″ to 4 ” class 6000


threaded

1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
Class 1/4
2000 1 1 3 4
A– 7/8 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 2 2 3/8 3
5/16 3/4 3/8 3/16
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1 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 5
B– 29/32 2 1/2
1/16 5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/32 11/16 5/16 3/4
1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
1/4
Class 1 3 4
A 7/8 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 3/8 2 1/2 3 1/4
3000 5/16 3/4 1/2
1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 4
B 29/32 4 6
1/16 5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/2 1/32 11/32 3/4
1
1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4
1/4
Class 1 2 4 4
A 31/32 1 1/8 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/2 3 1/4 3 3/4
6000 5/16 3/8 3/16 1/2
1 1 1 2 3 3 5
B 1 1/6 2 1/2 4 4 3/4 6
5/16 9/16 27/32 7/32 1/32 11/32 3/4

The latrolet’s shape likes a pipe outlet,and the ends of the products could be butt
welding,socket welding or threaded.The products’ standard is according to
MSS-SP97,which is the same with the outlets products.

MSS-SP97 Latrolet Dimensions:

Dimensions

Out-le CL 3000 CL 6000


Standard Sch. 160
NB t Threaded Threaded
& XS Butt and XXS
Size and Socket and Socket
Weld Butt Weld
Weld Weld
A B C E A B C E A B C E A B C
2 1/2 – 1/4 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1

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1 1/4 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/16 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/16 5/16 3/32 7/16 9/16 9/16 5/16 7/1
6 2 6 6 2 6 6
12 – 3
1 2 1 1 2 1 1
2 1/2 – 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2
3/8 9/1 11/3 7/1 9/1 11/3 7/1 7/1
1 1/4 9/16 9/16 5/16 3/32 7/16 9/16 9/16 5/16
6 2 6 6 2 6 6
12 – 3
1 2 1
2 1/2 – 1 1 2 1 1
1/2 9/1 11/3 7/1
1 1/4 9/16 3/8 5/32 7/16 9/16
6 2 6
12 – 3
1 1/2 –
1 1/4
1 1
1 2 1 2 1
5–2 1/2 29/3 13/1
7/8 3/4 3/4 3/4 3/4
2 6
12 – 6
1 1/2 –
1 1/4
1 1 2 1
1 2 1 1
5–2 3/4 29/3 11/1 17/3 29/3
7/8 3/4 3/4 3/4
2 6 2 2
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
2
3 2 2 2 3 2
5–3 3/4 3/1
1/4 1/8 3/16 1/8 1/4 1/8
6
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
2 3 2 1 3
3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
5–3 1 3/1 21/3 15/3 31/3 3 13/1
1/4 1/8 3/16 1/2 5/8 1/8 3/16 1/2 5/8
6 2 2 2 6
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2
3 2 3 3 2
2 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 4
5–3 1 1/4 27/3 15/1 1/3 19/3 15/3 3
1/2 5/8 3/4 7/32 5/8 9/32 5/8 3/4 1/4
2 6 2 2 2
12 – 6
2 1/2 –
2

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3 2 3
2 4 3 2
5–3 1 1/2 1/3 15/3 31/3
3/4 7/32 1/32 5/8
2 2 2
12 – 6
5–4
3 5 4 3 3 5 4
8–6 1 1/2
3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/8 3/8 1/8
12 – 10
5–4
3
3 5 4 3 3 5 4 3 3 5 4
8–6 2 13/3
3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/8 7/16 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 1/8
2
12 – 10
5–4
3 5 4 3
8–6 2 1/2
5/32 3/16 1/8 5/32
12 – 10
Order 3 4 3
6
to 3 13/1 31/3 25/3
1/4
Spe-cifi 6 2 2
c Run
Pipe
Sizes
Order 7
4 6 4
to 4 13/1
3/4 7/16 9/16
Spe-cifi 6
c Run
Pipe
Sizes
MATERIALS

Carbon steel: ASTM/ASME A234 WPB-WPC


Alloy steel: ASTM/ASME A234 WP 1-WP 12-WP 11-WP 22-WP 5-WP 91-WP 911
Stainless steel: ASTM/ASME A403 WP 304-304L-304H-304LN-304N

ASTM/ASME A403 WP 316-316L-316H-316LN-316N-316Ti

ASTM/ASME A403 WP 321-321H ASTM/ASME A403 WP


347-347H
Low temperature steel: ASTM/ASME A402 WPL 3-WPL 6
High performance steel: ASTM/ASME A860 WPHY 42-46-52-60-65-70

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Size range: 1/2 to 72 inches


Pressure: SCH5 to SCH160

APPLICATIONS OF LATERAL TEES:

lateral tees are widely used in various commercial and industrial applications. Industrial
applications include:

 Chemical processing
 Petroleum
 Pulp/paper
 Refining
 Textile
 Waste treatment, Marine
 Utilities/power generation
 Industrial equipment
 Automotive
 Gas compression and distribution industries
 Pipe Tees are also recommended for industrial plant fluid power systems.

Materials used:
Various materials used in the production of pipe tees are:

 Stainless steel
 Carbon steel
 Cast iron
 Nickel
 Aluminum
 Copper
 Brass
 Bronze
 Plastic
 Rubber
 Polypropylene etc.

Finishes on Pipe Tees:


Pipe Tees are available in various finishes. Some common finishes are like:

 Galvanized finish
 Nickel plated
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 Black cast
 White coating
 Gold finish
 Electroplated etc.

Features of Pipe Tees:

 There are three female openings in a T shaped pipe tee.


 There are straight pipe tees which have the same size openings.
 Reducing pipe tees have one opening of different size and two openings of the
same size.
 There are sanitary pipe tees which are used in waste lines. These kind of pipe
tees have a curved branch which is designed for a clean out plug. They are used
to prevent obstruction of waste.
 A cross pipe tee has four equal sized female openings.
 A wing pipe tee has lugs to fasten the fitting to a wall or stud.
 A compression pipe tee uses compression fittings on two or more ends.
 A test pipe tee has a threaded opening. This opening is used in conjunction with a
threaded plug for a clean-out opening on a drain pipe.

Applications of pipe tees:


Pipe Tees are widely used in various commercial and industrial applications. Industrial
applications include:

 Chemical processing
 Petroleum
 Pulp/paper
 Refining
 Textile
 Waste treatment
 Marine
 Utilities/power generation
 Industrial equipment
 Automotive
 Gas compression and distribution industries

Pipe Tees are also recommended for industrial plant fluid power systems.

Buying Tips (How to get high quality pipe tees?)

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What should buyers consider for bulk purchase of pipe tees?

 Type of pipe tee—whether welded or seamless


 Size and dimension
 Wall thickness
 Standard
 Material of construction
 Durability
 Economical
 High pressure and temperature resistance
 Corrosion resistance etc.

Source: China Pipe Tee Manufacturer – Yaang pipe fitting Industry Co., Limited
(www.steeljrv.com)

(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless
steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges,
Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in
Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage
treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)

If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion
with us, contact us at sales@steeljrv.com

Please notice that you might be interested in the other technical articles we’ve published:

• Tips for selecting expansion joints

• What is the difference between a steel pipe and a steel tube?

• Engineering Specification for Pressure Test of Piping System

• What is the difference between lateral tee and True WYE

• How to test pipe fitting?

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY STAINLESS STEEL PIPES

• Development trend of high pressure pipe fittings

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• How to get high quality flanges

• How to get high quality pipe fittings

• How to get high quality bellow expansion joints

• How to get high quality alloy steel pipes

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY STEEL PIPES

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE ELBOW

• WHAT ARE OUTLET PIPE FITTINGS

• What are pipe caps

• WHEN TO USE A SPECTACLE BLIND FLANGE

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY BOILER TUBES

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE CAP

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE BEND

• The difference between pipe nipple and pipe coupling

• What is a Pipe Nipple

• What is a pipe reducer

• HOW TO GET HIGH QUALITY PIPE OLETS

References:

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piping_and_plumbing_fitting#Tee
 https://www.yaang.com

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