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Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture

Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

These caculations are raised in order to get approval for using steel supports for cold water
supply pipes (ductile iron pipes).
Since the location od steel brackets is at tunnel - finger relation, brackets are designed as steel
dropers suopported from concrete beam.
Prior to site work, the connection between steel support and concrete beam is adopted as
welded connection to embeded steel plate.

Arrangement of pipe supports 4m, 2m,2m,4m,2m,2m give 3 meter pipe load on one bracket.
In this calculations adopted distance is taken as 4 m, to match with adopted distance in SCR 0036.
References for design are taken from DAR's MH drawings ISSUED FOR CONSTRUCTIONS.

Kindly review attached:


>Calculation using steel grade ASTM A36 for steel sections, threaded rods and embeded plate,
>Calculation using steel grade ASTM A36 for pipe clamps and angle connectors,
>Copied pages from DI pipe manufacturers catalogue,
>Copied pages from stud anchor catalogue,
>Copied pages from AISC for fillet weld and safety factor reference,
>Printed pages for adopted section property.

Please note that site work in the utility tunnel is in progres and approve these calculations for
our future action.

Aleksandar Jankovic
senior structural engineer
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 0

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

1. INPUT DATA
1.1 Distance between two supports (pipe load)…………………….Ld= 4 meter
1.2 The density of fluid………………………………………………...γf= 10 kN/m3
1.3 Steel grade as per ASTM A36……………………………….…Py= 245 N/mm2
1.4 The electreode classification number (strength)……... Feex=Py= 245 N/mm2
1.5 The strength of fillet weld as per AISC is 60% of Feex…….Pyw= 147 N/mm2
1.6 The self weight of fasteners clamps…………………………………. 10 kg
1.7 The self weights of DI pipes are taken from manufacturer's catalogue including the weight
of joints and they are as follows:
Φ200mm………………………………………………………………………. 37 kg/m
Φ300mm………………………………………………………………………. 61 kg/m
1.8 The concrete compressive strength after 28 days…………………. 37 Mpa
1.9 The self weights of valves are confirmed by manufacturer and are as follows:
Φ200mm………………………………………………………………………. 70 kg
Φ300mm………………………………………………………………………. 123 kg

2. CONCEPT

Note:
In order to match the deflection of the steel bracket that support droper rods with deflections
of steel cantilevers which support pipes in tunnel portions before/after dropers, the treaded rods will
be used for adjustment tighten with regular / locked nuts.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 0

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

3. LOAD ANALYSIS
Since the pipe supports are adopted as dropers applied load will be due to dead load only.
3.1 Dead load:
3.1.1 Dead load due to weight of pipe, is taken from manufacturer's catalogue and it is:
Φ200mm.. 37 kg/m, with length of….... 4 m,…G2= 1.48 kN
Φ300mm.. 61 kg/m, with length of….... 4 m,…G3= 2.44 kN

3.1.2 Dead load due to weight of valves:


Φ200mm……………. 70 kg…………………………………G2v= 0.7 kN
Φ300mm……………. 123 kg…………………………………G2v= 1.23 kN

3.1.3 Dead load due to weight of water:


For …...Φ 200 mm, G=((D^2*3.14)/4)*Ld*γf=……………..G2w= 1.256 kN
For …...Φ 300 mm, G=((D^2*3.14)/4)*Ld*γf=……………..G2w= 2.826 kN

3.1.4 Dead load due to weight of fastener…….. 10 kg...Gc= 0.1 kN

3.1.5 Dead load due to steel member weight will be calculated and added by softwear.

3.1.6 Total dead load for pipe 200 mm dimater………………….….G2t= 3.536 kN

3.1.7 Total dead load for pipe 200 mm dimater………….………….G2t= 6.596 kN

Total load on steel supports G= 10.232 kN, for pipe length of 4 meter, is as
2.558 kN/m, which is match with load of 250 kg/m recommended by consultant in drawing:
CD-8.03.0-BR-05-071, issued for construction.

4. MODEL ANALYSIS
Will be calculated in softwear STAAD pro and input/output file is shown on following pages.
Design criteria for model: AISC ASD

Input and output data are shown on following pages.


Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 0

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

5. THE CALCULATION OF EMBEDED PLATES AND ANCHORS

Adopted embeded steel plate 360x360x40 mm which will be welded to anchor stud bolts, due to
easier process of erection. Embeded plate with welded studs will be fixed on inside face of shutering
and after 28 days of casting concrete, steel barcket will be site welded to embeded plate.

Design and check are calculated in softwear KOECO (Germany) and inpu/output fiiles are shown
on follownig pages.
Design criteria for model: EUROPEAN NORM
Steel grade fo embeded plate as per ASTM A36 (grade 40 similar), with Pymin=245N/mm2
Adopted type on anchor stud is shear connector with steel grade ASTM A 168,including welding
compatibility with carbon steel (embeded plate). Technical and mechanical properties are given in
attachment.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 2

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6. THE DESIGN OF WELDED DETAILS

D1
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 3

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.1 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D1


y

Xmax
x4
x3 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
x1
web weld t= 5 mm
aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5

Bf
flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y2

afw= 3.5
y3
y4

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
Tw a1 a4
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
Xmax= 83.5 mm
b4

Ymax= 79.5 mm
b3

Tf
b2

typical cross
a2
section a3
r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 115 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 160 HEA 160

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 6 mm Tw= 6


a2= 160 mm flange thk.= 9 mm Tf= 9
a3= 3.5 mm height= 152 mm H= 152
a4= 73.5 mm width= 160 mm B= 160
b1= 134 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.75 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 81.75 mm
x4= 43.25 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 77.75 mm
y3= 71.5 mm
y4= 65.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 12807807 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 5127026 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 17934833 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 938 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 2149 mm2
total area:
Aa= 3087 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 3

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 161104.5 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 61401.51 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 155558.6 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.03 kN Mx= 0.88 kNm
Fy= 3.44 kN My= 0.1 kNm
Fz= 0.3 kN Mz= 0.29 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 68943 N
Pscapweb= 68.943 kN > Fy= 3.44 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 157951.5 N
Pscapflan= 157.9515 kN > Fx= 0.03 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 3.44013081 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 204205.1 N
Pscap= 204.2051 kN > Rs= 3.44 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 11841180 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 11.84118 kNm > Mx= 0.88 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 4513011 Nmm
Myycap= 4.513011 kNm > My= 0.1 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 11433556 Nmm
Mtcap= 11.43356 kNm > Mz= 0.29 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 255.2563 kN > Fz= 0.3 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.001175 plus 0.016846
0.018022 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.099093 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.102324 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.2 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D2


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
b4

Xmax= 83.5 mm
b3

Tf
Ymax= 79.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 115 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 160 HEA 160

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 6 mm Tw= 6


a2= 160 mm flange thk.= 9 mm Tf= 9
a3= 3.5 mm height= 152 mm H= 152
a4= 73.5 mm width= 160 mm B= 160
b1= 134 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.75 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 81.75 mm
x4= 43.25 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 77.75 mm
y3= 71.5 mm
y4= 65.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 12807807 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 5127026 mm4
torsional constant inertia:
Io= Ixx+Iyy= 17934833 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 938 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 2149 mm2
total area:
Aa= 3087 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 161104.5 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 61401.51 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 155558.6 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.03 kN Mx= 6.85 kNm
Fy= 24.78 kN My= 0.01 kNm
Fz= 0.3 kN Mz= 0.42 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 68943 N
Pscapweb= 68.943 kN > Fy= 24.78 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 157951.5 N
Pscapflan= 157.9515 kN > Fx= 0.03 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 24.7800182 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 204205.1 N
Pscap= 204.2051 kN > Rs= 24.78 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 11841180 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 11.84118 kNm > Mx= 6.85 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 4513011 Nmm
Myycap= 4.513011 kNm > My= 0.01 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 11433556 Nmm
Mtcap= 11.43356 kNm > Mz= 0.42 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 255.2563 kN > Fz= 0.3 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.001175 plus 0.121349
0.122524 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.594399 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.595543 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.3 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D3


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
b4

Xmax= 63.5 mm
b3

Tf
Ymax= 60.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 87.71 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 61.75 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 58.75 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 47.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 5275479 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 2214973 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 7490452 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1596 mm2
total area:
Aa= 2282 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 87197.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 34881.47 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 85403.22 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.027 kN Mx= 0.48 kNm
Fy= 0.3 kN My= 0.48 kNm
Fz= 3.47 kN Mz= 0.013 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.3 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 117306 N
Pscapflan= 117.306 kN > Fx= 0.027 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 0.30121255 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 150954.3 N
Pscap= 150.9543 kN > Rs= 0.301 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6409053 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6.409053 kNm > Mx= 0.48 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 2563788 Nmm
Myycap= 2.563788 kNm > My= 0.48 kNm………...safe
torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 6277137 Nmm
Mtcap= 6.277137 kNm > Mz= 0.013 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 188.6929 kN > Fz= 3.47 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.01839 plus 0.001995
0.020385 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.280514 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.280523 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.
Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.4 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D4


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
Xmax= 63.5 mm
b4
b3

Tf
Ymax= 60.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 87.71 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 61.75 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 58.75 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 47.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 5275479 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 2214973 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 7490452 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1596 mm2
total area:
Aa= 2282 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 87197.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 34881.47 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 85403.22 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.027 kN Mx= 1.17 kNm
Fy= 0.3 kN My= 0.024 kNm
Fz= 14.439 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.3 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 117306 N
Pscapflan= 117.306 kN > Fx= 0.027 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 0.30121255 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 150954.3 N
Pscap= 150.9543 kN > Rs= 0.301 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6409053 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6.409053 kNm > Mx= 1.17 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 2563788 Nmm
Myycap= 2.563788 kNm > My= 0.024 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 6277137 Nmm
Mtcap= 6.277137 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 188.6929 kN > Fz= 14.44 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.076521 plus 0.001995
0.078517 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 4

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.268444 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.26845 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<
STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.5 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D5


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
Xmax= 63.5 mm
b4
b3

Tf
Ymax= 60.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 87.71 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 61.75 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 58.75 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 47.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 5275479 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 2214973 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 7490452 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1596 mm2
total area:
Aa= 2282 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 87197.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 34881.47 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 85403.22 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.027 kN Mx= 0.38 kNm
Fy= 0.3 kN My= 0.48 kNm
Fz= 3.54 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.3 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 117306 N
Pscapflan= 117.306 kN > Fx= 0.027 kN………......safe
shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 0.30121255 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 150954.3 N
Pscap= 150.9543 kN > Rs= 0.301 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6409053 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6.409053 kNm > Mx= 0.38 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 2563788 Nmm
Myycap= 2.563788 kNm > My= 0.48 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 6277137 Nmm
Mtcap= 6.277137 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 188.6929 kN > Fz= 3.54 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.018761 plus 0.001995
0.020756 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.265282 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.265288 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

z
z

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.6 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D6


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
Xmax= 63.5 mm
b4
b3

Tf
Ymax= 60.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 87.71 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 61.75 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 58.75 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 47.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 5275479 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 2214973 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 7490452 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1596 mm2
total area:
Aa= 2282 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 87197.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 34881.47 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 85403.22 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.027 kN Mx= 1.08 kNm
Fy= 0.3 kN My= 0.015 kNm
Fz= 14.376 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.3 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 117306 N
Pscapflan= 117.306 kN > Fx= 0.027 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 0.30121255 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 150954.3 N
Pscap= 150.9543 kN > Rs= 0.301 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6409053 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6.409053 kNm > Mx= 1.08 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 2563788 Nmm
Myycap= 2.563788 kNm > My= 0.015 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 6277137 Nmm
Mtcap= 6.277137 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 188.6929 kN > Fz= 14.38 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.076187 plus 0.001995
0.078183 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.250558 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.250564 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x
Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.7 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D7


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD
Xmax= 53.5 mm
b4
b3

Tf
Ymax= 51.5 mm
b2

a2 a3
b
a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 74.26 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 100 HEA 100

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 100 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 96 mm H= 96
a4= 44 mm width= 100 mm B= 100
b1= 80 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 51.75 mm
x4= 28 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 49.75 mm
y3= 44 mm
y4= 38.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 3028714 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 1307620 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 4336335 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 560 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1316 mm2
total area:
Aa= 1876 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 58809.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 24441.5 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 58394.2 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.561 kN Mx= 0.63 kNm
Fy= 2.72 kN My= 0.6 kNm
Fz= 7.59 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 41160 N
Pscapweb= 41.16 kN > Fy= 2.72 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 96726 N
Pscapflan= 96.726 kN > Fx= 0.561 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 2.77725062 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 124097.4 N
Pscap= 124.0974 kN > Rs= 2.777 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 4322534 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 4.322534 kNm > Mx= 0.63 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 1796450 Nmm
Myycap= 1.79645 kNm > My= 0.6 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 4291974 Nmm
Mtcap= 4.291974 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 155.1218 kN > Fz= 7.59 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.048929 plus 0.02238
0.071309 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.529123 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.529168 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

y
Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 5

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.8 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D8


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf

aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5


flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3

afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4

afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:
elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
b1

x x

Tw a1 a4
b1
x x

weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=


Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD

b4
Xmax= 63.5 mm

b3
Tf
Ymax= 60.5 mm

b2
a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 87.71 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 61.75 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 58.75 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 47.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 5275479 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 2214973 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 7490452 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1596 mm2
total area:
Aa= 2282 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 87197.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 34881.47 mm3
torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 85403.22 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 2.518 kN Mx= 0.01 kNm
Fy= 0.56 kN My= 0.25 kNm
Fz= 18.339 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.56 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 117306 N
Pscapflan= 117.306 kN > Fx= 2.518 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 2.57952011 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 150954.3 N
Pscap= 150.9543 kN > Rs= 2.58 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6409053 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 6.409053 kNm > Mx= 0.01 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 2563788 Nmm
Myycap= 2.563788 kNm > My= 0.25 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 6277137 Nmm
Mtcap= 6.277137 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 188.6929 kN > Fz= 18.34 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.09719 plus 0.017088
0.114278 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.196297 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.197146 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

6.9 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D9


y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm
Bf
Bf
aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5

Ymax
flange weld t= 8 mm

y2
y3
afw=0.7x t= 5.6 mm

y4
afw= 5.6
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:

b1
x x elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=
Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD

b4
Xmax= 65.6 mm

b3
Tf
Ymax= 62.6 mm

b2
a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 90.68 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 120 HEA 120

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 120 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 5.6 mm height= 114 mm H= 114
a4= 54 mm width= 120 mm B= 120
b1= 98 mm
b2= 5.6 mm
b3= 5.6 mm
b4= 5.6 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 62.8 mm
x4= 33 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 59.8 mm
y3= 53 mm
y4= 46.2 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 8296407 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 3732121 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 12028529 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 686 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 2553.6 mm2
total area:
Aa= 3239.6 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 132530.5 mm3
elastic modulus at y-y axis:
Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 56892.1 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 132654.1 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 2.518 kN Mx= 0.46 kNm
Fy= 0.56 kN My= 1.87 kNm
Fz= 18.175 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 50421 N
Pscapweb= 50.421 kN > Fy= 0.56 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 187689.6 N
Pscapflan= 187.6896 kN > Fx= 2.518 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 2.57952011 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 214299.5 N
Pscap= 214.2995 kN > Rs= 2.58 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 9740989 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 9.740989 kNm > Mx= 0.46 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 4181569 Nmm
Myycap= 4.181569 kNm > My= 1.87 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 9750075 Nmm
Mtcap= 9.750075 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 267.8744 kN > Fz= 18.18 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.067849 plus 0.012037
0.079886 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:


R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.562279 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.562424 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC
6.10 THE CHECK OF WELDED CONNECTION for detail D10
y

Xmax x3
x4
x1 ADOPTED SIZES OF WELDS:
web weld t= 5 mm

Bf
aww=0.7x t= 3.5 mm aww= 5
flange weld t= 5 mm
Ymax
y2
y3
afw=0.7x t= 3.5 mm
y4
afw= 3.5
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES:

b1
x x elcetrode Fexx= 245 N/mm2
weld strength= 147 N/mm2 Ω=2,0 as per ASD Pyw=
Tw a1 a4
design strength=weld strength/Ω 73.5 N/mm2
design strength= 73.5 N/mm2 as per ASD

b4
Xmax= 53.5 mm

b3
Tf
Ymax= 51.5 mm

b2
a2 a3
typical cross section r =(Xmax+Ymax)^1/2
r = 74.26 mm
SECTION PROPERTIES OF ADOPTED WELDS:
adopted section: HEA 100 HEA 100

a1= 3.5 mm web thk.= 5 mm Tw= 5


a2= 100 mm flange thk.= 8 mm Tf= 8
a3= 3.5 mm height= 96 mm H= 96
a4= 44 mm width= 100 mm B= 100
b1= 80 mm
b2= 3.5 mm
b3= 3.5 mm
b4= 3.5 mm
x1= 4.25 mm
x2= 0 mm
x3= 51.75 mm
x4= 28 mm
y1= 0 mm
y2= 49.75 mm
y3= 44 mm
y4= 38.25 mm

moment of inertia at x-x axis:


Ixx=2*(a1*b1^3/12)+2*(a2*b2^3/12+a2*b2*y2^2)+4*(a3*b3^2/12+a3*b3*y3^2)+4*(a4*b4/12+a4*b4*y4^2)
Ixx= 3028714 mm4

moment of inertia at y-y axis:


Iyy=2*(b2*a2^3/12)+2*(b1*a1^3/12+a1*b1*x1^2)+4*(b3*a3^3/12+a3*b3*x3^2)+4*(b4*a4^3/12+a4*b4*x4^2)
Iyy= 1307620 mm4

torsional constant inertia:


Io= Ixx+Iyy= 4336335 mm4

areas of welds:
area for shear parallel to web:
Aw=2*(a1*b1)
Aw= 560 mm2
area for shear parallel to flanges:
Af=2*(a2*b2)+4*(a4*b4)
Af= 1316 mm2
total area:
Aa= 1876 mm2
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

elastic modulus at x-x axis:


Wxx=Ixx / Ymax
Wxx= 58809.99 mm3

elastic modulus at y-y axis:


Wyy=Iyy / Xmax
Wyy= 24441.5 mm3

torsional constant:
Wo=Io / r
Wo= 58394.2 mm3

FORCES ARE
Fx= 0.561 kN Mx= 2.34 kNm
Fy= 2.83 kN My= 0.01 kNm
Fz= 7.73 kN Mz= 0.01 kNm

CAPACITY OF WELDED CONNECTION:


shear capacity-web:
Pscapweb=Aw*Pyw= 41160 N
Pscapweb= 41.16 kN > Fy= 2.83 kN………......safe

shear capacity-flange:
Pscapflan=Af*Pyw= 96726 N
Pscapflan= 96.726 kN > Fx= 0.561 kN………......safe

shear capacity-total:
total shear force: Rs=(Fx^2+Fy^2)^0.5= 2.88506863 kN
Pscap=0.9*Aa*Pyw= 124097.4 N
Pscap= 124.0974 kN > Rs= 2.885 kN………......safe

bending capacity at axis x-x


Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 4322534 Nmm
Mxxcap=Wxx*Pyw= 4.322534 kNm > Mx= 2.34 kNm………...safe

bending capacity at axis y-y


Myycap=Wyy*Pyw= 1796450 Nmm
Myycap= 1.79645 kNm > My= 0.01 kNm………...safe

torsional capacity:
Mtcap=Wo*Pyw= 4291974 Nmm
Mtcap= 4.291974 kNm > Mz= 0.01 kNm…….......safe

tensional capacity:
Ptcap=k*0.9*Aa*Pyw
for 45 degrees shear against tension k= 1.25
Ptcap= 155.1218 kN > Fz= 7.73 kN…………...safe

the check for tension + shear <1.4


(Fz/Ptcap) + (Rs/Pscap)<1.4
0.049832 plus 0.023248
0.07308 < 1.4 ……………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6
Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

total stress ratio:

R1=(((Mx/Mxxcap)+(My/Myycap)+(Fz/Ptcap))^2+(Fy/Pscap)^2)^0.5
R1= 0.597183 < 1 ………….…...safe R1 <

R2=(R1^2+((Fx/Pscap)+(Mz/Mtcap))^2)^0.5
R2= 0.597222 < 1 ………….…...safe R2 <

Fy

Fx Mt
x x

>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS TYPE OF WELDED CONNECTION CAN BE USED<

STRUCTURAL NOTES:

Electrode classification number Fexx (strength) should be the same as welding components.

Strength of fillet weld for this type of stress is 60% of Fexx, Pyw=0.6 x Fexx, as per AISC.

Steel grade is grade 40 ,as per ASTM A36, with yield strength Py min=245 N/mm2.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

7.0 THE CHECK OF THREADED RODS


7.1 CONCEPT 1

two regular nuts


locked nut
threaded rod HD galvinized

two regular nuts

Adopted concept is based on corrosion exposure and pullout force for nut (tesnion force in rod)
Therefore it is assumed fully threaded rod with hot deep galvanization preparation as resistance
against corrosion, while as additional safety against nut pullout force adopted is tightening with two
regular and one locked nuts.

Adopted bolts/nuts as per BS grade 4.6 hot deep galvanized with following properties:
Shear capacity of bolts ….……………………………………………pys= 160 N/mm2
Tension capacity of bolts …..…………………………………………pyt= 240 N/mm2
Bearing capacity of bolts ….………………………………………….pyb= 460 N/mm2
Bearing capacity of connected parts as per grade 40 (ASTM A36)..….. 460 N/mm2

7.1.1 THE CHECK OF THREADED ROD CONNECTION THAT CARRY 300 mm DIA PIPE
Tesnion force in rod (unfactored)…………………………………………… 6.59 kN
Load factor for dead load……….. 1.4 factored force is……… 9.226 kN
Adopted diameter of the rod is.. 20 mm, which will give efective tension area of:
Efective area of rod: Aa=D^2*3.14/4…………………………………..Aa= 314 mm2
Tension capacity:
Ftcap=0.8*Aa*pyt= 60288 N, which is... 60.288 kN > 9.226 kN…………...safe
Bearing capacity of beam flange on the top / unequal angle flange on the bottom:
D-diamter of the rod.……….………………………………………..……D= 20 mm
D1-diameter of standard hole for bolts D2=D1+2mm.……………….D1= 22 mm
D2-minimum diameter of washer plate D3=1.8*D1.………………….D2= 36 mm
Efective area of bolts/washer plate exposed to bearing:
Abef=0.8*((D2^2*3.14/4)-(D1^2*3.14/4))=…………………………………. 637 mm2
Actaul bearing stress:
Pb=Ft/Abef=………… 0.014474 kN/mm2….... 14.4739732 N/mm2< 460 N/mm2……...safe

Since all checks are safe, adopted rod


connection can be used.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 6

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

7.1.2 THE CHECK OF THREADED ROD CONNECTION THAT CARRY 200 mm DIA PIPE
Tesnion force in rod (unfactored)…………………………………………… 3.59 kN
Load factor for dead load……….. 1.4 factored force is……… 5.026 kN
Adopted diameter of the rod is.. 18 mm, which will give efective tension area of:
Efective area of rod: Aa=D^2*3.14/4…………………………………..Aa= 254 mm2
Tension capacity:
Ftcap=0.8*Aa*pyt= 48833.28 N, which is... 48.83328 kN > 5.026 kN…………...safe
Bearing capacity of beam flange on the top / unequal angle flange on the bottom:
D-diamter of the rod.……….………………………………………..……D= 18 mm
D1-diameter of standard hole for bolts D2=D1+2mm.……………….D1= 20 mm
D2-minimum diameter of washer plate D3=1.8*D1.………………….D2= 32.4 mm
Efective area of bolts/washer plate exposed to bearing:
Abef=0.8*((D2^2*3.14/4)-(D1^2*3.14/4))=…………………………………. 510 mm2
Actaul bearing stress:
Pb=Ft/Abef=………… 0.009854 kN/mm2….... 9.85371179 N/mm2< 460 N/mm2……...safe

Since all checks are safe, adopted rod


connection can be used.

7.1 CONCEPT 2

Since forces in for this case are ….………….. 3.29 kN per each rod, which is less than
tension force calculated for the rod which carry 200 mm dia pipe, the same diameter will be adopted,
following the same design criteria/analyses/stresses.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 7

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

8.0 THE CHECK OF UNEQUAL ANGLE THAT CONNECT PIPE CLAMP AND THREADED ROD
8.1 UNEQUAL ANGLE UA 150x90x12 THAT SUPPORT 300 mm DIA PIPE

Adopted connection bolt M 24………………………………………….Db= 24 mm


Minimum edge distance 1.25*Db………………. 30 mm < 36 mm……….safe
Maximum edge distance 2.5*Db……………….. 60
Adopted mimimum thickness of clamps ………………………………tp= 10 mm

The check of bearing capacity of the connection bolts M24


Pbcap=d*tp*pbb=………...……………………… 110400 N, …….. 110.4 kN
Pbcap=…. 110.4 kN……. > 9.226 kN……...……………………………………….safe

The check of bearing capacity of the connected part (clamps)


Pbcap=K*d*tp*pbs,.. factor K=… 1
Pbcap= 110.4 kN……. > 9.226 kN……...……………………………………….safe
or
Pbcap=0.5*d*tp*e*pbs, including minimum edge distance of….. 36 mm
Pbcap= 1987.2 kN……. > 9.226 kN…...………………………………………….safe

The check of stress in section A-A (shown in sketch).


The stress in the section A-A is due to tension force in the rod, which will cause shear force and
bending moment.
Distance between the center line of the rod and inside edge of angle…. 40 mm
Forces are:
Shear force Psa-a=………………………..………………………………… 9.226 kN
Bending moment Ma-a=Psa-a*distance………………………………….. 0.369 kNm
Assumed stress dissipation of 45 degrees, which give us efecteive section properties of:
d=……….. 12 mm
b=………. 80 mm
Wxx=(b*d^2)/6=……. 1920 mm3
Aa=B*d=…………….. 960 mm2
shear capaciti of section A-A:
Pscap=0.6*Aa*Py=… 141120 N……………. 141.12 kN>……. 9.226 kN…………..safe
bending capacity of section A-A
Mbcap=Wxx*Py=….. 470400 Nmm……….. 0.4704 kNm>…. 0.369 kNm………..safe
toral stress ratio
R=((Psa-a/Pscap)^2+(Ma-a/Mbcapa-a)^2)^0.5= 0.78724314 < 1…………………………….safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 7

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

The check of sher capacity of the connected bolts


Shear area of connected bolt:
Aab=0.8*D^2*3.14/4= 361.728 mm2
Pscap=Aab*Py=……. 88623.36 N which is 88.62336 kN>……. 9.226 kN………..…safe

>>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE THIS CONNECTION CAN BE USED<<

Note: In case that UA 150x90x12 is not available on local market or site (mechanical) request
are dismatch, instead of this type connection, an "eye bolt" can be used as per sketch bellow.
Using of eye bolts should be as per following design criteria:
1) The steel grade as per ASTM A36,
2) To be hot deep galvanized prior to corrosion expsoure,
3) To have tesnion capacity of 1 ton (10 kN) minimum.

8.2 UNEQUAL ANGLE UA 150x90x12 THAT SUPPORT 200 mm DIA PIPE


Since the tension force in the rod that carry 200 mm dia pipe is 5.026 kN which is less then
force calculated for rod that carry 300 mm dia pipe and the same detail/design criteria will be followed
therefore there is no need for calculation for this case since the stresses will be less.
Adopted UA 150x90x12 with the same connection details and are calculated in 8.1

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 7

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

9.0 THE CHECK OF CLAMP DETAIL THAT SUPPORT 300 mm DIA PIPE-CONCEPT 1
9.1 THE CHECK OF CLAMP -steel flat bar 150x10
Stress analyses will be calculated in softwear STAAD and input / output files are shown on
following pages.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 7

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

Calculated steel flat bar as per ASTM A36, with following dimensions:
width…………………………………………………………………………… 150 mm
height………………………………………………………………………….. 10 mm

From STAAD output file maximum combined axial/bending stress is… 90 N/mm2
Maximum perpendicular stress due to shear:
Maximum shear force as per STAAD ouput file………………………….. 3.312 kN
Shear stress:
Ps= Psmax/Aa=…………………………………………………………….. 2.208 N/mm2
Aa=…….. 1500 mm2
Total maximum stress (axial+shear) :
P=((Paxial)^2+(Ps)^2)^0.5=…………………………………………………. 90 N/mm2

As per AISC ASD the safety factor for members stresed to bending/axial / shear / forces is:
Ω=……………………………………………………………………………… 1.67
Allowed stress is Pya=Py/Ω=……………………………………………… 147 N/mm2
Maximum stress=…. 90.04807 N/mm2….<.. 146.706587 N/mm2………………………....safe

9.2 THE CHECK OF CONNECTION DETAIL BETWEEN TWO CLAMPS


Adopted bolt is as per GR 4.6 with hot deep galvanized preparation.
9.2.1 TOP CONNECTION
From STAAD output file the maximum rection at this location is..……. 0.886 kN
Tesnion force in bolt (unfactored)………………………………………….. 0.886 kN
Load factor for dead load……….. 1.4 factored force is……… 1.24 kN
Adopted diameter of the bolt is.. 20 mm, which will give efective tension area of:
Efective area of bolt: Aa=D^2*3.14/4……..…………………………..Aa= 314 mm2
Tension capacity:
Ftcap=0.8*Aa*pyt= 60288 N, which is... 60.288 kN > 1.24 kN…………...safe

Fastener force for pipe rigid tightening (worst case) is 0.25 % of tension capacity of the bolt.
Therefore assumed tightening force is Ftt=0.25*Ftcap=………………… 15.07 kN

Ftt

B B
Moment due to tigtening force at section B-B, Mbb=Ftt*0.03=………… 0.452 kNm
Shear force at section B-B………………………………………………….. 15.07 kN
section property at B-B:
W=b*h^2/6=………………………………………………………………….. 2500 mm3
Bending capacity at section B-B:
Mbcap=W*Py=…….. 612500 Nmm=……… 0.6125 kNm>…. 0.452 kNm……….safe
Shear capacity at section B-B:
Pscap=Aa*Py=…….. 367500 N=………….. 367.5 kN…>…. 15.07 kN………….safe
total stress ratio:
R=((Pbb/Pscap)^2+(Mbb/Mbcap)^2)^0.5=…….. 0.73935876 < 1 ……………………..safe

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 8

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

9.2.2 BOTTOM CONNECTION


Since the axial bolt force for bottom is the same as for top connection the same connection
detail will be used for fastener bolt.

9.3 BOLTED CONNECTION BETWEEN CLAMPS AND UNEQUAL ANGLE


The bolt that connect UA 150x90x12 and pipe clamps 150x10 will be stressed due to shear
force and bending since shear force is acting at the midd of the bolt.
Adopted bolts as per 8.1 is D= 24 mm
Minimum edge distance, minimum distance between two bolts, bearing capacity of the bolt,
bearing capacity of the clamps as well shear capacity of the bolt are calculated in 8.1 and identified
as safe. Therefore the subject of this calculation is bending capacity of the bolt and total stress.
As it is calculated in 8.1 shear force/capacity is as follows:
Ps=……………………………………………………………………………. 9.226 kN
Pscap=………………………………………………………………………… 88.62 kN
Bending moment at the midd of bolt
Mbbolt=0.5*9.226*0.005=…………………………………………………… 0.023 kNm
W=0.1 D^3……………………………………………………………………. 1382 mm3
Mbboltcap=W*Py=… 338688 Nmm=……… 0.338688 kNm>….. 0.023 kNm………safe
total stress ratio:
R=((Ps/Pscap)^2+(Mbbolt/Mbboltcap)^2)^0.5= 0.12439969 < 1…………………………..safe

>>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE IN 9.0 DESIGNED CLAMPS ARE SAFE FOR USING<<

10.0 THE CHECK OF CLAMP DETAL THAT SUPPORT 200 mm DIA PIPE-CONCEPT 1

Adopted the same connection/clamps details as in 9.0.


Since the load for this case will be less (pipe 200 mm dia) and connection / clamps details are
the same, there is no need for design/calculation since all items are identified in 9.0 as safe.

11.0 THE CHECK OF CLAMP DETAIL THAT SUPPORT 300 mm DIA PIPE-CONCEPT 2
11.1 THE CHECK OF BOTTOM CLAMP -steel flat bar 150x10
Stress analyses will be calculated in softwear STAAD and input / output files are shown on
following pages.
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 8

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

Calculated steel flat bar as per ASTM A36, with following dimensions:
width…………………………………………………………………………… 150 mm
height………………………………………………………………………….. 10 mm

From STAAD output file maximum combined axial/bending stress is… 97.45 N/mm2
Maximum perpendicular stress due to shear:
Maximum shear force as per STAAD ouput file………………………….. 3.28 kN
Shear stress:
Ps= Psmax/Aa=…………………………………………………………….. 2.187 N/mm2
Aa=…….. 1500 mm2
Total maximum stress (axial+shear) :
P=((Paxial)^2+(Ps)^2)^0.5=…………………………………………………. 97.48 N/mm2

As per AISC ASD the safety factor for members stresed to bending/axial / shear / forces is:
Ω=……………………………………………………………………………… 1.67
Allowed stress is Pya=Py/Ω=……………………………………………… 147 N/mm2
Maximum stress=…. 97.47753 N/mm2….<.. 146.706587 N/mm2………………………....safe

11.2 THE CHECK OF CONNECTION DETAIL BETWEEN TWO CLAMPS


Adopted bolt is as per GR 4.6 with hot deep galvanized preparation.

From STAAD output file the maximum rection at this location is..……. 3.284 kN
Tesnion force in bolt (unfactored)………………………………………….. 3.284 kN
Load factor for dead load……….. 1.4 factored force is……… 4.598 kN
Adopted diameter of the bolt is.. 20 mm, which will give efective tension area of:
Efective area of bolt: Aa=D^2*3.14/4…………………………………..Aa= 314 mm2
Tension capacity:
Ftcap=0.8*Aa*pyt= 60288 N, which is... 60.288 kN > 4.598 kN…………...safe

Fastener force for pipe rigid tightening (worst case) is 0.25 % of tension capacity of the bolt.
Therefore assumed tightening force is Ftt=0.25*Ftcap=………………… 15.07 kN

Moment due to tigtening force at section B-B, Mbb=Ftt*0.03=………… 0.452 kNm


Shear force at section B-B………………………………………………….. 15.07 kN
section property at B-B:
W=b*h^2/6=………………………………………………………………….. 2500 mm3
Bending capacity at section B-B:
Mbcap=W*Py=…….. 612500 Nmm=……… 0.6125 kNm>…. 0.452 kNm……….safe
Shear capacity at section B-B:
Pscap=Aa*Py=…….. 367500 N=………….. 367.5 kN…>…. 15.07 kN………….safe
total stress ratio:
R=((Pbb/Pscap)^2+(Mbb/Mbcap)^2)^0.5=…….. 0.73935876 < 1 ……………………..safe

11.2 THE CHECK OF UPPER CLAMP -steel flat bar 150x10


Stress analyses will be calculated in softwear STAAD and input / output files are shown on
following pages.

Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:


Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 1 0

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

Calculated steel flat bar as per ASTM A36, with following dimensions:
width…………………………………………………………………………… 150 mm
height………………………………………………………………………….. 10 mm

From STAAD output file maximum combined axial/bending stress is… 46.88 N/mm2
Maximum perpendicular stress due to shear:
Maximum shear force as per STAAD ouput file………………………….. 3.352 kN
Shear stress:
Ps= Psmax/Aa=…………………………………………………………….. 2.235 N/mm2
Aa=…….. 1500 mm2
Total maximum stress (axial+shear) :
P=((Paxial)^2+(Ps)^2)^0.5=…………………………………………………. 46.93 N/mm2

As per AISC ASD the safety factor for members stresed to bending/axial / shear / forces is:
Ω=……………………………………………………………………………… 1.67
Allowed stress is Pya=Py/Ω=……………………………………………… 147 N/mm2
Maximum stress=…. 46.93023 N/mm2….<.. 146.706587 N/mm2………………………....safe

>>SINCE ALL CHECKS ARE SAFE IN 11.0 DESIGNED CLAMP IS SAFE FOR USING<<
Engineering Office PIPE SUPPORT Sheet No:
Calcs. By:Aleksandar Jankovic sr. str. eng Location: UTILITY TUNNEL 1 2

Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University for Women Project Joint Venture
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia El Seif/CCC

ATTACHMENTS
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