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Here are the important microscope parts...

Eyepiece: The lens the viewer looks through to see the specimen. The eyepiece usually contains a 10X or 15X power lens.

Diopter Adjustment: Useful as a means to change focus on one eyepiece so as to correct for any difference in vision between your two eyes.

Body tube (Head): The body tube connects the eyepiece to the objective lenses.

Arm: The arm connects the body tube to the base of the microscope.

Coarse adjustment: Brings the specimen into general focus.

Fine adjustment: Fine tunes the focus and increases the detail of the specimen.

Nosepiece: A rotating turret that houses the objective lenses. The viewer spins the nosepiece to select different objective lenses.

Objective lenses: One of the most important parts of a compound microscope, as they are the lenses closest to the specimen.

A standard microscope has three, four, or five objective lenses that range in power from 4X to 100X. When focusing the microscope, be careful that the
objective lens doesn’t touch the slide, as it could break the slide and destroy the specimen.

Specimen or slide: The specimen is the object being examined. Most specimens are mounted on slides, flat rectangles of thin glass.
The specimen is placed on the glass and a cover slip is placed over the specimen. This allows the slide to be easily inserted or removed from the
microscope. It also allows the specimen to be labeled, transported, and stored without damage.

Stage: The flat platform where the slide is placed.

Stage clips: Metal clips that hold the slide in place.

Stage height adjustment (Stage Control): These knobs move the stage left and right or up and down.

Aperture: The hole in the middle of the stage that allows light from the illuminator to reach the specimen.

On/off switch: This switch on the base of the microscope turns the illuminator off and on.

Illumination: The light source for a microscope. Older microscopes used mirrors to reflect light from an external source up through the bottom of the
stage; however, most microscopes now use a low-voltage bulb.

Iris diaphragm: Adjusts the amount of light that reaches the specimen.

Condenser: Gathers and focuses light from the illuminator onto the specimen being viewed.

Base: The base supports the microscope and it’s where illuminator is located.

Living things are made of cells.


Living things obtain and use energy.
Living things grow and develop.
Living things reproduce.
Living things respond to their environment.
Living things adapt to their environment.
1) non living things are not made up of cells
2) they do not grow
3)they dont reproduce
4)they dont respond to environment
1. Inorganic substances. These are simpler materials which are build up to form complex compounds that makes up the body of living organisms e.g C, N, CO2, H2O etc.

2. Organic substances. These are compounds of carbon that forms a link between living and non-lving parts of an ecosystem. they are formed from inorganic compounds and
passed into the body of living organisms through feeding.

3. Climatic factors. These includes physical factors such as temprature, light, relative humidity, rainfall etc., they determined abundance of organisms in their habitats and also
determined which orgasnism to survive, in which habitat and inn what codition.

4. Producers. These are autotrophic organisms that manufacture foods from simple inorganic substances using CO2 and H2O in the presence of sunlight. all other organisms
depend either directly or indirectly on producers.

5. Consumers. These are heterotrophic organisms mainly anmals that ingest organic matter from other organisms.

6. Decomposers. They are also known as saprotrophs and mainly bacteria and fungi. they break down dead protoplasm of an orrganisms to release their products back to
inorganic materials usable by produce.

An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a
system. It refers to both biotic factors as well as abiotic factors.[2] An ecosystem is self supporting[3] These biotic and abiotic components are regarded as linked together
through nutrient cycles and energy flows.[4] As ecosystems are defined by the network of interactions among organisms, and between organisms and their environment,[5] they
can be of any size but usually encompass specific, limited spaces[6] (although some scientists say that the entire planet is an ecosystem).a
A biotic factor is any living component that affects the population of another organism, or the environment. This includes animals that consume the organism, and the
living food that the organism consumes. Biotic factors also include human influence, pathogens, and disease outbreaks. Each biotic factor needs energy to do work and food
for proper growth
abiotic components or abiotic factors are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems. Abiotic
factors and the phenomena associated with them underpin all biology.
Mga Grupong Etnolinggwistiko Sa Asya 1. Mga Grupong Etnolinggwistiko sa Asya 2. Pangkat Etnolinggwistiko o Tumutukoy ito sa
pangkat ng mga tao sa isang bansa na may magkakapareho na kultura at paniniwala o Ang isang bansa ay kadalasang binubuo ng
ibat ibang pangkat etnolinggwistiko 3. Mga batayan ng paghahati o Wika o Kultura o sistema ng pamumuhay o Relihiyon (gawi,
tradisyon at ritwal) 4. Dalawang uri ng wika o Tonal (Wikang tsino, Niponggo, Tibetiians, Burmese, Vietnamese, atbp) o Stress o non-
tonal language (Cham at Khmer sa Cambodia, Tagalog at Javanese) 5. Kabuluhan ng Wika sa Paghubog ng Kultura o Sumasalamin sa
isang lahi o Susi ng pagkakaisa o Kaakibat ng kultura 6. Mga Grupong Etnolinggwistiko sa Asya o Hilagang Asya: Ural- Altaic, Eskimo,
Paleosiberian o Kanlurang Asya: Melting pot: Sumerian, Elamite, Kassite, Arabo,atbp) 7. o Timog Asya: Austro- Asiatic, Dravidian,
Indo- Aryan o Silangang Asya: Sino-Tibetian, Hapones at Koreans o Timog Silangang Asya: Austro-Asiatic ( Mon Khmer at Munda,
Austronesian) 8. Timog Asya: Dravidians 9. Mga Pagkakakilanlan o Katutubo ng India o Gumagamit ng wikang Dravidian o Matatagpuan
sa Tamil nadu, Kerala, karnataka at Andhra Pradesh 10. Tamil 11. Mga Tamil o Magagarbong mga templo o Bharata natyam o babaing
mananayaw sa templo o Kathakali ( lalaking mananayaw sa templo o Pagkain ng kanin at maanghang na curry 12. o Pag-inom ng
palm wine ng mga kalalakihan o Sumisisid ng perlas at nagingisda o Mahuhusay na mangangalakal 13. 14. Mga Javanese sa Indonesia
o Pinamumunuan ng mga lalaki o Gumagamit ng consensus sa pagbuo ng mga desisyon o Respeto sa mga nakakatanda o Matatagpuan
sa Java, Indonesia 15. 16. Ainu sa Japan o Orihinal at pinakamatandang grupo sa Japan o Mga balbon, may balbas at makapal ang
buhok o Mula sa lahing caucasian o Nabubuhay pa rin sa pangangaso, pangingisda at pagsasaka 17. o Animismo ang relihiyon o Ang
araw-araw na pamumuhay ay nakasentro sa Diyos.
A kitchen utensil is a small hand held tool used for food preparation. Common kitchen tasks include cutting food items to size, heating food on an open
fire or on a stove, baking, grinding, mixing, blending, and measuring; different utensils are made for each task. A general purpose utensil such as a chef's
knife may be used for a variety of foods; other kitchen utensils are highly specialized and may be used only in connection with preparation of a particular
type of food, such as an egg separator or an apple corer. Some specialized utensils are used when an operation is to be repeated many times, or when
the cook has limited dexterity or mobility. The number of utensils in a household kitchen varies with time and the style of cooking
 Wikang Filipino Tulay sa ating Pagbabago

 Wikang Pambasa linangin at pagyabungin para sa bansang kayganda at buklod buklod

 Wikang kinagisnan tungo sa pag unlad ng bayan

 Wikang Pilipino Pairalin Huwag sirain

 Wikang Filipino; wikang sinilangan, hindi dapat talikuran ating kinalakhan; Pagmamahal sa bayan dapat patunayan, Filipino ay ipagmalaki humantong man sa kamatayan

 Walang Pambansa, payabungin, payamanin, sa'n ka man makarating

 Nakasalalay ang kaunlaran ng isang bansa sa tatag ng wika

 Kung sa wikang Filipino nakamit ang kasarinlan, anupa't sa wikang Filipino din makakaahon ang bayan

 Tibay ng Pagka-Pilipino na siyang lakas at tatag at patuloy na sumasagisag sa wikang filpinong tunay na maunlad

 Ang wika ay tanging daan, Tungo sa pagkakaunawaan