2007-11-16

1
1
st
International VR Conference, Tokyo
Application of 4D CAD System
for Civil Engineering Project
The 1
st
International VR Conference
Forum8 Tokyo Conference Ctr
11-20-2007
Leenseok Kang
(Lskang@gnu.kr)
Dept. of Civil Engineering
Gyeongsang National University
1
st
International VR Conference, Tokyo
Abstract
Application of 4D CAD System for Civil Engineering Project
Basic functions of 4D CAD systems have limitation when it is directly
applied to civil engineering projects such as highway or railway facilities
where projects are carried out horizontally and activities are progressing
according to the elements of natural topography.
In this research, new techniques are introduced for the development of 4D
system applicable to civil engineering projects. Based on these techniques,
this study has tried to develop a new 4D CAD system that is possible to
realize 4D object of horizontal projects such as earthwork and tunnel
project. In particular, this research has developed and applied morphing
technique in order to realize earthwork activity such as filling and cutting in
which activities are carried out under natural topographical conditions in 4D
object that is linked to the schedule.
2007-11-16
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Introduction: Trends in Construction IT
VR
nD CAD
Realization
Visualization
CAD
3D CAD
Digitization
Internet
Real Time
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
CAD
2D (X Y) 2D (X, Y)
nD (6D + ?)
3D (X, Y, Z)
6D (5D + Resource)
4D (3D + Time)
5D (4D + Cost)
Visualization of Construction Project
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CAD Application for Construction Project
To be 4D,
nD CAD
+ Į
Simplicity
of 3D Generation
Built-in Object Compatibility
STEP
IFC
Stair
Pier
2D 3D
BIM
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Building
Project
Project Features for 4D CAD Application
Vertical
Work Scope
Small
Project Area
Repetitive
Variety of
Activity
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Project Features for 4D CAD Application
Wide
Project Area
thwork
Topographical Data
Civil
Engineering
Project
Non-repetitive
Horizontal
Work Scope
1
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
It is difficult to check in general schedule SW
which appearance has after 5 months in this
facility.
If a project has the 3D drawing data by each
schedule activity,
the completed appearance with 3D type by the
specific construction date can be simulated by
4D CAD system.
So, the prerequisite items in 4D system are time
schedule and 3D drawings data.
Why 4D CAD System ?
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Current 4D CAD Systems
EuroSTEP, 4D Linker
VirtualSTEP, 4D Planner
Bentley, Schedule Simulator
Intergraph, Schedule Review
Common Point, Project 4D (Stanford Univ)
Visual Engineering, VPS
VTT, 4D CAD
CSA, PMvision
Domos, 4D-suit, etc.
GEONT, V-CPM (Virtual Construction Project Manager)
DDR Soft, ELCON, etc.
1
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Comparative Analysis with Current Systems
Complexity in Link Process: Different Code System between
Schedule and Drawings
Æ Simplicity by Using Integrated WBS Code
Restrictive 4D Simulation for Selected Activity
Æ Unrestricted 4D Simulation by WBS Code Level
Æ 4D Simulation of All Levels in a Project
Vertical Simulation with Artificial Elements
Æ Vertical and Horizontal Simulation
with Natural Topographical Data
Æ 4D Simulation of Earthwork by Activity Schedule
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Improved Functions in V-CPM
Most current 4D systems still require tedious interfacing work to
link 2D schedule data and 3D object for generating 4D object.
ÆThat is, one of important point in 4D CAD system is that
How easy it is to map schedule to drawing data is the key
driver of practical usability of 4D system.
To make an improved 4D CAD system, V-CPM introduces
New Approaches in this research:
- Integrated method of information management by WBS code
- Improved visualized functions comparing with existing 4D system
- Visualization of construction progress data of earthwork
1
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Main Functions of V-CPM
Planning Project
Drawings Schedule
Design Information Design Informatio Construction Info Construction Info
3D object Time Object
WBS Generator
3D Modeler Schedule Modeler
4D Planner
· SimuIator · VR Engine
· VisuaI Progress ControI
4D
WBS
4D Object
WBS
Generator
Schedule Modeler
3D Modeler
4D Planner
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
4D CAD Simulation
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
1 Highway
11 Earthwork
112 Filling
121 Abutment
122 Pier
13 Tunnel
132 Lining
WBS Code 3D Object Schedule
[P3, MS Project] [CAD Data]
131 Excavating
g 111 Cuttting
12 Bridge
Concept of WBS for Linking 4D Object
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StarTree Node of WBS Code 3D Model Linked by WBS Code
Facility Space Element Project WBS Code
Generation of Project WBS Code by Using Library WBS Database
Generation of Project WBS by Built-in WBS
1
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
WBS Code
Schedule
by WBS Code
4D model includes 3D object and
schedule data linked by WBS code
4D Object
by WBS Code
4D Visualization of 3D Model
linked by Schedule
Information Center of All 4D Functions
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Object Link
Horizontal 3D Object
Dra
Dr p
WBS Code
㝸⨀
Morphing
Visualization of Horizontal Earthwork
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
100 Days (Cutting: 15,500m3,
Filling: 12,000m3)
Earthwork Activity Process
150 Days (Cutting: 25,000m3,
Filling: 20,000m3)
170 Days (Cutting: 30,000m3,
Filling: 25,000m3)
200 Days (Cutting: 40,000m3,
Filling: 30,000m3)
If the difference of earthwork volume between natural topography and planned profile is generated in a single 3D
object, user can only confirm visually two stages of the original ground foundation and the final finished profile.
That is, User can confirm just two pictures of 100 days and 200 days.
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Earthwork Simulation by Morphing Technology
As in this figure, filling or cutting shape should be changed by time schedule in 4D CAD system.
And the data how much soil is filled or cut should be visually simulated by a day or a week.
This study developed a morphing technology to visualize earthwork by activity schedule.
This technique can be a new approach for practical application of 4D system.
1
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Visualization of Progress Data
Planned Data
Actual Data
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International VR Conference, Tokyo
Conclusions
It is necessary to visualize construction schedule
data by application of various IT tools.
The study suggested new methods for improving
limitations of current 4D CAD systems.
4D simulation of earthwork and integrated information
management by WBS code can be helpful for
project manager.
The 3D generation and link process should be more
simplified and 4D functions need to be developed
to nD functions.
Thank you. Lskang@gnu.kr
Burz Dubai Tower
800 M+
Mar 02,
2007

Y) (X 3D (X.2007-11-16 Introduction: Trends in Construction IT Internet Real Time Visualization Digitization CAD 3D C AD Realization VR nD C AD 1st International VR Conference. Z) 4D (3D + Time) 5D (4D + Cost) 6D (5D + Resource) nD (6D + ?) CAD 1st International VR Conference. Tokyo 2 . Y. Tokyo Visualization of Construction Project 2D (X.

Tokyo 3 .2007-11-16 CAD Application for Construction Project 2D Simplicity of 3D Generation 3D Pier Stair To be 4D. Tokyo Project Features for 4D CAD Application Vertical Work Scope Repetitive Building Project Small Project Area Variety of Activity 1st International VR Conference. nD CAD + Built-in Object BIM IFC STEP Compatibility 1st International VR Conference.

If a project has the 3D drawing data by each schedule activity. the completed appearance with 3D type by the specific construction date can be simulated by 4D CAD system. 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 Project Features for 4D CAD Application Horizontal Work Scope Non-repetitive Civil Engineering Project Wide Project Area thwork Topographical Data 1st International VR Conference. Tokyo 4 . the prerequisite items in 4D system are time schedule and 3D drawings data. So. Tokyo Why 4D CAD System ? It is difficult to check in general schedule SW which appearance has after 5 months in this facility.

etc. 4D-suit. GEONT. Schedule Simulator Intergraph. Project 4D (Stanford Univ) Visual Engineering. PMvision Domos. 4D Planner Bentley. V-CPM (Virtual Construction Project Manager) DDR Soft. 1st International VR Conference. 4D CAD CSA. Schedule Review Common Point. Tokyo Comparative Analysis with Current Systems Complexity in Link Process: Different Code System between Schedule and Drawings Simplicity by Using Integrated WBS Code Restrictive 4D Simulation for Selected Activity Unrestricted 4D Simulation by WBS Code Level 4D Simulation of All Levels in a Project Vertical Simulation with Artificial Elements Vertical and Horizontal Simulation with Natural Topographical Data 4D Simulation of Earthwork by Activity Schedule 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 Current 4D CAD Systems EuroSTEP. VPS VTT. 4D Linker VirtualSTEP. Tokyo 5 . ELCON. etc.

To make an improved 4D CAD system.Improved visualized functions comparing with existing 4D system .Integrated method of information management by WBS code . one of important point in 4D CAD system is that How easy it is to map schedule to drawing data is the key driver of practical usability of 4D system.Visualization of construction progress data of earthwork 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 Improved Functions in V-CPM Most current 4D systems still require tedious interfacing work to link 2D schedule data and 3D object for generating 4D object. Tokyo Main Functions of V-CPM Planning Project Drawings Design Information Informatio 3D object 4D Object 3D Modeler 3D Modeler WBS Generator 4D WBS 4D Planner Schedule Modeler WBS Generator Schedule Construction Info Time Object Schedule Modeler 4D Planner 1st International VR Conference. Tokyo 6 . That is. V-CPM introduces New Approaches in this research: .

MS Project] 132 Lining [CAD Data] 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 4D CAD Simulation 1st International VR Conference. Tokyo Concept of WBS for Linking 4D Object Schedule 1 Highway 11 Earthwork 111 Cutting t g 112 Filling 12 Bridge 121 Abutment 122 Pier 13 Tunnel 131 Excavating WBS Code 3D Object [P3. Tokyo 7 .

Tokyo Information Center of All 4D Functions 4D Object by WBS Code WBS Code 4D model includes 3D object and schedule data linked by WBS code 4D Visualization of 3D Model linked by Schedule Schedule by WBS Code 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 Generation of Project WBS by Built-in WBS Generation of Project WBS Code by Using Library WBS Database Facility Space Element Project WBS Code StarTree Node of WBS Code 3D Model Linked by WBS Code 1st International VR Conference. Tokyo 8 .

000m3) 170 Days (Cutting: 30.000m3) 150 Days (Cutting: 25. 1st International VR Conference.2007-11-16 Visualization of Horizontal Earthwork Dra Dr p Morphing WBS Code Horizontal 3D Object Object Link 1st International VR Conference. Filling: 12. Tokyo 9 .000m3) 200 Days (Cutting: 40. Tokyo Earthwork Activity Process 100 Days (Cutting: 15. Filling: 20.000m3.500m3. Filling: 30.000m3.000m3.000m3) If the difference of earthwork volume between natural topography and planned profile is generated in a single 3D object. Filling: 25. user can only confirm visually two stages of the original ground foundation and the final finished profile. User can confirm just two pictures of 100 days and 200 days. That is.

Tokyo Visualization of Progress Data Planned Data Actual Data 1st International VR Conference. 1st International VR Conference. And the data how much soil is filled or cut should be visually simulated by a day or a week.2007-11-16 Earthwork Simulation by Morphing Technology As in this figure. This study developed a morphing technology to visualize earthwork by activity schedule. This technique can be a new approach for practical application of 4D system. Tokyo 10 . filling or cutting shape should be changed by time schedule in 4D CAD system.

kr 1st International VR Conference. Thank you.2007-11-16 Burz Dubai Tower 800 M+ Mar 02. Lskang@gnu. 4D simulation of earthwork and integrated information management by WBS code can be helpful for project manager. 2007 Conclusions It is necessary to visualize construction schedule data by application of various IT tools. Tokyo 11 . The 3D generation and link process should be more simplified and 4D functions need to be developed to nD functions. The study suggested new methods for improving limitations of current 4D CAD systems.

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