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# 4/9/2008

Topic 7: Plate

MEEM 5150
Spring 2008

Introduction
 Flat plate – Middle surface lies in a plane
 Thickness of a plate h is relatively small compared to middle
surface dimensions
 Orthogonal curvilinear plate coordinates
 Small deflection theory with constant thickness

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## Stress resultants in a flat plate

 Resultant tractions on a reference surface

## Stress resultants in a flat plate

 Resultant transverse shears, and bending and twisting
moments

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## Strain-displacement relations for

plates
 Three-dimensional problem of plate

 Kirchhoff approximation

##  The Kirchhoff approximation implies that U andV are linear

functions of z. (u, v and w are functions of x and y)

## Strain-displacement relations for

plates
 Results from application of Kirchhoff approximate (two
dimensional plate problem)

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## Rotation of a Plate Surface

Element
 Small-displacement rotation of a volume element

## Rotation of a Plate Surface

Element
 For rectangular coordinates, The
strain components
x

 Since
 Strains in terms of (u,v,w)

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## Equilibrium Equations for small-

Displacement Theory of Flat Plates
 The complete set of equilibrium equations

## Equilibrium Equations for small-

Displacement Theory of Flat Plates
 Moment equilibrium equation of plate by eliminating Qx, Qy

##  For rectangular axes,

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Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 For plane stress, the basic relations are

##  The resultant the normal force and bending moments are

obtained by substituting basic relation to (Eq. 13.2) as Eq.
(13.27)
 The flexural rigidity of the plate is

Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 The resultant normal forces and bending moments can also
be written as:

 where
 , are the zeroth and first moments of
 , and are the curvatures of the middle surface relative
to the (x, y) axes.

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Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 For the rectangular coordinates, normal force-strain( at
middle surface) relations

##  The moment-curvature (at middle surface) relations

Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 Stress components (changing linearly through the thickness)
are expressed with tractions and moments

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## Strain Energy of a Plate

 Total strain energy

 Membrane energy

 Bending energy

 Thermal energy

## Boundary Conditions for Plates

 For the rectangular plate under the rectangular coordinate,
only consider the bending & twisting moments
 Forced boundary conditions
on the clamped edges (x=0, y=0)

##  Natural boundary conditions

on the free edges (x=a, y=b)

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## Classic Rectangular Plate

Equations
 Moment and shear force in terms of the displacement w and
its derivatives

## Solutions of a rectangular plate

(simple supported plate)
 Governing equation for the displacement w

 Displacement
 Bending moment
 Displacement
 Bending moment

 Solution forms

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