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4/9/2008

Topic 7: Plate

MEEM 5150
Spring 2008

Introduction
 Flat plate – Middle surface lies in a plane
 Thickness of a plate h is relatively small compared to middle
surface dimensions
 Orthogonal curvilinear plate coordinates
 Small deflection theory with constant thickness

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Stress resultants in a flat plate


 Resultant tractions on a reference surface

Stress resultants in a flat plate


 Resultant transverse shears, and bending and twisting
moments

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Strain-displacement relations for


plates
 Three-dimensional problem of plate

 Kirchhoff approximation

 The Kirchhoff approximation implies that U andV are linear


functions of z. (u, v and w are functions of x and y)

Strain-displacement relations for


plates
 Results from application of Kirchhoff approximate (two
dimensional plate problem)

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Rotation of a Plate Surface


Element
 Small-displacement rotation of a volume element

 Rotation components in terms of u,v on the middle surface

 Strain components in terms of

Rotation of a Plate Surface


Element
 For rectangular coordinates, The
strain components
x

 Since
 Strains in terms of (u,v,w)

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Equilibrium Equations for small-


Displacement Theory of Flat Plates
 The complete set of equilibrium equations

 For rectangular coordinates,

Equilibrium Equations for small-


Displacement Theory of Flat Plates
 Moment equilibrium equation of plate by eliminating Qx, Qy

 For rectangular axes,

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Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 For plane stress, the basic relations are

 The resultant the normal force and bending moments are


obtained by substituting basic relation to (Eq. 13.2) as Eq.
(13.27)
 The flexural rigidity of the plate is

Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 The resultant normal forces and bending moments can also
be written as:

 where
 , are the zeroth and first moments of
 , and are the curvatures of the middle surface relative
to the (x, y) axes.

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Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 For the rectangular coordinates, normal force-strain( at
middle surface) relations

 The moment-curvature (at middle surface) relations

Stress-strain-temperature relations
for isotropic plates
 Stress components (changing linearly through the thickness)
are expressed with tractions and moments

 Pure bending of plates

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Strain Energy of a Plate


 Total strain energy

 Membrane energy

 Bending energy

 Thermal energy

Boundary Conditions for Plates


 For the rectangular plate under the rectangular coordinate,
only consider the bending & twisting moments
 Forced boundary conditions
on the clamped edges (x=0, y=0)

 Natural boundary conditions


on the free edges (x=a, y=b)

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Classic Rectangular Plate


Equations
 Moment and shear force in terms of the displacement w and
its derivatives

 Governing equation for the displacement w

Solutions of a rectangular plate


(simple supported plate)
 Governing equation for the displacement w

 Boundary conditions on the edge


 Displacement
 Bending moment
 Displacement
 Bending moment

 Solution forms

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Westergaard Approximate Solution


for Rectangular Plates: Uniform load
 Rectangular Plate with Simple Support Edges: Figures 13.8-9
 Rectangular Plate with Fixed Edges: Figure 10
 Other type of edge Condition

 Table 13.1
 Deflection of a rectangular plate: uniformly distributed load

Examples 13.1 and 13.2

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