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A STUDY ON THE REMOTE SYSTEM MONITERING THROUGH WIN-32 API A Project Report submitted to the Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Submitted By SENTHILKUMARAN.K (REG.NO-09296504) Under the guidance of MR.M.GOVINDARAJ,Msc, M.Phil.,M.Tech.
Department of Computer Science & Applications, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli – 620 024.

CENTER FOR DISTANCE EDUCATION
BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI-620024 AUGUST 2010

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CENTRE FOR DISTANCE EDUCATION BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI -24

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation entitled “REMOTE SYSTEM MONITERING THROUGH WIN 32 API” is the bonafide work done under my supervision by SENTHILKUMARAN.K(Reg No : 09296504) and submitted to Bharathidasan University Tiruchirapalli in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Business Administration during the academic year(2009-2010)

Signature of the Co-ordinator Dr.S.Sekar

Signature of the Guide Dr.M.Govindaraj

The viva – voice examination held was conducted on __________________at the Bharathidasan University,Tiruchirappalli-620 024.

Internal Examiner
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External Examiner

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MR.M.GOVINDARAJ,Msc, M.Phil.,M.Tech.
Lecturer, Department of Computer Science & Applications, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli – 620 024.

Date: BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation entitled “REMOTE SYSTEMMONITERING THROUGH WIN 32 API” is the bonafide work done under my supervision by SENTHILKUMARAN.K(Reg No : 09296504) and submitted to Bharathidasan University Tiruchirapalli in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Business Administration during the academic year(2009-2010)

Signature of the Guide

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As the requirements needed to complete the Microsoft certificate has been under gone by me which gained me the Microsoft certificate and awarded by the Microsoft -MCITP PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION. This certification and the guidance from the HCl has made me to develop this project successfully.

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DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the work presented “REMOTE

SYSTEM MONITERING

THROUGH WIN 32 API” in this dissertation is the original work done by me under
the guidance of Mr. M.GOVINDARAJ Msc,M.Phil.,M.Tech.., Lecturer, Department of Computer Science and Applications, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-24and has not been included in any thesis/dissertation submitted for any other degree.

Name of the Candidate Register Number Academic Year

: SENTHILKUMARAN.K : 09296504 : 2009– 2010

Signature of the Candidate

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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I would like to thank my Father KULASEKAR.S and my Mother PUSPHALATHA.Kfor giving me this ample opportunity to do this course and their kind, care and guidance. I am thankful to Dr. N.ARUMUGAM M.Com.,M.Phil.,Ph.D., DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR DISTANCE EDUCATION, BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY, TIRUCHIRAPALLI –620 023, for his academic support to carry out his project. I would like to thank Dr.S. SEKAR, M.Com.,M.B.A.,M.Phil.,Ph.D.,CO-ORDINATOR, MBA CONCURRENT COURSE AT URUMU DHANALAKSHMI COLLEGE CENTER for his timely suggestions and permission to do this project. I wish to express my profound sense of gratitude to my Project Guide

Mr.M.GOVINDARAJ, Msc,M.Phil.,M.Tech.,for her help, valuable and kind guidance and personal interest shown throughout my Project Work I also express my sincere thanks to HCL Infotech Chennai for giving me an opportunity to do the project and for his valuable guidance throughout my project work. Finally I thank all faculty members in Department of Management, UDC of Arts and Science, My Parents, My Family Members and My Friends who have directly or indirectly helped me to successfully complete this project.

SYNOPSIS
The Project Entitled “Window Management Instrumentation” aims at monitoring the remote machine information in a interconnected environment. The development process includes the design of control library named as WMIControlLibrary which contains four user controls. The 7

` four user controls are as follows: Explorer, SystemInfo, Services, and Processes. Each one of these controls does its own specific task. Brief description of what each one of these control does.

Explorer Control - we converted 'My Explorer' to a user control, it still display your system drives, directories, and files information. SystemInfo Control* - This control display operating system information and hardware data and specifications. Services Control* - This control display services currently running on the system. Process Control* - This control display processes currently running on the system.

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(* Note: This control can be used to monitor local or remote system on the network.) Every one of these controls uses the System.Management namespace to access their own specific system information. Development Tool : VC#.NET Integerated Development Environment : Visual Studio IDE 2005

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CONTENTS

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1.0 `

PROJECT DESCRIPTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 INTRODUCTION EXISTING SYSTEM PROPOSED SYSTEM WIN-32 API MODULES IN DETAIL 1.5.1 1.5.2 1.5.3 1.5.4 1.6 1.7 EXPLORER CONTROLS SYSTEM INFO CONTROLS SERVICE CONTROLS PROCESS CONTROLS

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HARDWARE SPECIFICATION SOFTWARE SPECIFICATION

2.0

SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION 2.1 VISUAL BASIC .NET 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.2 POWERFUL WINDOWS BASED APPLICATION BULIDING WEB-BASED APPLICATION SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT

POWERFUL , FEEXIABLE , SIMPLIFIED DATA ACCESS 2.2.1 IMPROVED CODING 2.2.2 2.2.3 DIRECT ACCESS TO PLATFORM

2.3

FULL OBJECT ORIENTED CONTROLS XML WEB SERVICES 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 MOBLIE APPLICATION COM INTEROPERABILITY REUSE EXISTING INVESTMENT UPGRADE WIZARD 10

3.0

TESTING TESTING OBJECTIVE

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1.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION
1.1 INTRODUCTION Remote Desktop Connection (RDC, also called Remote Desktop, formerly known as Microsoft Terminal Service Client, or mstsc) is the client application for Remote Desktop Services. It allows a user to remotely log in to a networked computer running the terminal services server. RDC presents the desktop interface of the remote system, as if it were accessed locally The server should have the ability to minimize ,maximize or close those applications on the client's desktop. It should not follow RDP protocol or remote desktop protocol in windows xp protocol.But it should be running in windows xp environment. Both the systems should be working simultaneously and there should be no user name and password conventions in this application.The application should simply work based on the IP address and port number. 12

` 1.2 EXISTING SYSTEM: The current system of WMI provided by the Microsoft will display the contents such as processes, services and system information of the current machine. In the client server environment the server can monitor the remote machine information such as system info, processes and service, but the two different clients in the network cannot view the information of one client from the other. In order to overcome this problem, a proposed system is devised based on the functionality of the existing system. The proposed system is explained in the next section. 1.3 PROPOSED SYSTEM: The proposed system is devised in order to overcome the defects of the existing system. In the proposed system. The clients in the interconnected environment can view the information of another client in the interconnected system. This functionality is made possible as follows, any machine in the windows platform will have the default control named WMI, which is responsible for fetching the computer’s information, thus the remote machine in the network also have the WMI, thus we can call the remote machine’s WMI through the SNMP protocol, by doing so the information of the remote client in the network can be accessed by another client.

Client A 1.4 WIN-32 API

Client C

Win32 requires a good level of understanding and work, Microsoft released a customized version of the Win32 library to make it easier to comprehend. The library is called Microsoft Foundation Class Library (MFC). Because Win32 was written in C and MFC was written for C/C++ developers, programmers of other languages would not understand it. To accommodate others, in fact to make Windows programming accessible to everybody, Microsoft 13

` created Microsoft Visual Basic as a true graphical programming environment. Visual Basic used a different and simpler language, called Basic as its foundation.

1.5 Modules in Detail
In this project I have created a WMIControlLibrary which contains four user controls. The four user controls are as follows: Explorer, SystemInfo, Services, and Processes. Each one of these controls does its own specific task. Here is a brief description of what each one of these control does.

Explorer Control - I converted 'My Explorer' to a user control, it still display your system drives, directories, and files information. SystemInfo Control* - This control display operating system information and hardware data and specifications. Services Control* - This control display services currently running on the system. Process Control* - This control display processes currently running on the system. (* Note: This control can be used to monitor local or remote system on the network.)

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Every one of these controls uses the System.Management namespace to access their own specific system information.

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1.5.1 Explorer Control
In the Explorer control, I used the WMI Win32_LogicalDisk class to get all the local and mapped drives on the local machine. To get access to drives information, I need to use the ManagementObjectSearcher class to obtain a ManagementOjbectCollection class containing the drive information. I requested. We now have all the available drives' information at our disposal (such as drive name, type, volume, description, etc...). Unfortunately, it proved almost impossible to find any references to the interfaces necessary to do the job.

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1.5.2 SystemInfo Control
The SystemInfo control display many different types of information about your local machine or a remote machine on the network. It first establishes a ConnectionOptions object with the UserName and Password properties set. Then it creates a ManagementScope object with the local or remote host name and the ConnectionOptions object as the parameters. Now we are ready to access the system information by creating an ObjectQuery member object and passing it along with the ManagementScope object in to the ManagementObjectSearcher member object and invoke the Get() method to execute the command. If you are only concerned about the local host information, you can avoid the creation of ConnectionOption, ManagementScope, and ObjectQuery objects. All you need to do is just call the ManagementObjectSearcher member object with the query string and execute the ManagementObjectSearcher.Get() method to get the ManagementObjectCollection result back, for the local machine.

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` The SystemInfo control also displays the following information about the computer system being accessed: System Manufacturer, Processor, Bios, Time Zone, Memory, Network Connection, and Video Controller. The codes for these different queries are repetitive, it's just the query string and the result properties are different.

1.5.3 Service Control
The Service control uses the query: SELECT * FROM Win32_Service to retrieve all the services information in the system. To start or stop a service, I dynamically create a popup menu to the ListView. When you right click on an item, a start or stop menu pops up, depending on the service state. When the MenuItem is clicked, I need to get the ManagementObject for that service with this query. 17

` SELECT * FROM Win32_Service WHERE Name = 'ServiceName'. Then I call the ManagementObject.InvokeMethod() to start or stop the service. The first parameter in the InvokeMethod method is the Observer parameter. I pass in a ManagementOperationObserver class to manage asynchronous operations and handle management information and events received asynchronously. By checking the returnValue property in completionHandlerObj.ReturnObject, I can determine if the operation was successful or not.

1.5.4 Process Control
The Process control display the system running processes, user that started the process, CPU utilization, and memory usage. To get the process user, I need to call the GetOwner(User, Domain) method. The User and Domain parameters are output parameters. How do we get to these output parameters from InvokeMethod.

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` This depends on how we implement the InvokeMethod. If we do not need to manage asynchronous operations, then we need to pass in a string[] to the InvokeMethod method to retrieve the output parameters. But if we need to manage asynchronous operations, then we do not need to pass in any parameters to InvokeMethod method. You will get the output parameters from the completionHandlerObj.ReturnObject properties collection.

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1.6 HARDWARE SPECIFICATION:
PROCESSOR SPEED MAIN MEMORY KEY BOARD MOUSE MONITOR HARDDISK FLOPPY DRIVE CD DRIVE --------PENTIUM 111 256 MB RITCOMP 2098- CHERRY SOFT LOGITECH SAMTEL COLOR MONITOR 10 GB 1.44 MB 50X MAX -- 700 MHZ

1.7 SOFTWARE SPECIFICATION:
FRONT END TOOLS OPERATING SYSTEM : VC#.NET : WINDOWS XP

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2.0 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION 2.1 Visual Basic .NET
Visual Basic .NET provides the easiest, most productive language and tool for rapidly building Windows and Web applications. Visual Basic .NET comes with enhanced visual designers, increased application performance, and a powerful integrated development environment (IDE). It also supports creation of applications for wireless, Internet-enabled handheld devices. The following are the features of Visual Basic .NET with .NET Framework 1.0 and Visual Basic .NET 2003 with .NET Framework 1.1. This also answers why should I use Visual Basic .NET, what can I do with it?

2.1.1 Powerful Windows-based Applications
Visual Basic .NET comes with features such as a powerful new forms designer, an in-place menu editor, and automatic control anchoring and docking. Visual Basic .NET delivers new productivity features for building more robust applications easily and quickly. With an improved integrated development environment (IDE) and a significantly reduced startup time, Visual Basic .NET offers fast, automatic formatting of code as you type, improved IntelliSense, an enhanced object browser and XML designer, and much more.

2.1.2 Building Web-based Applications
With Visual Basic .NET we can create Web applications using the shared Web Forms Designer and the familiar "drag and drop" feature. You can double-click and write code to respond to events. Visual Basic .NET 2003 comes with an enhanced HTML Editor for working with complex Web pages. We can also use IntelliSense technology and tag completion, or choose the WYSIWYG editor for visual authoring of interactive Web applications.

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2.1.3 Simplified Deployment
With Visual Basic .NET we can build applications more rapidly and deploy and maintain them with efficiency. Visual Basic .NET 2003 and .NET Framework 1.1 makes "DLL Hell" a thing of the past. Side-by-side versioning enables multiple versions of the same component to live safely on the same machine so that applications can use a specific version of a component. XCOPY-deployment and Web auto-download of Windows-based applications combine the simplicity of Web page deployment and maintenance with the power of rich, responsive Windows-based applications.

2.2 Powerful, Flexible, Simplified Data Access
You can tackle any data access scenario easily with ADO.NET and ADO data access. The flexibility of ADO.NET enables data binding to any database, as well as classes, collections, and arrays, and provides true XML representation of data. Seamless access to ADO enables simple data access for connected data binding scenarios. Using ADO.NET, Visual Basic .NET can gain high-speed access to MS SQL Server, Oracle, DB2, Microsoft Access, and more.

2.2.1 Improved Coding
You can code faster and more effectively. A multitude of enhancements to the code editor, including enhanced IntelliSense, smart listing of code for greater readability and a background compiler for real-time notification of syntax errors transforms into a rapid application development (RAD) coding machine.

2.2.2 Direct Access to the Platform
Visual Basic developers can have full access to the capabilities available in .NET Framework 1.1. Developers can easily program system services including the event log, performance counters and file system. The new Windows Service project template enables to build real Microsoft Windows NT Services. 22

` Programming against Windows Services and creating new Windows Services is not available in Visual Basic .NET Standard, it requires Visual Studio 2003 Professional, or higher.

2.2.3 Full Object-Oriented Constructs
You can create reusable, enterprise-class code using full object-oriented constructs. Language features include full implementation inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. Structured exception handling provides a global error handler and eliminates spaghetti code.

2.3 XML Web Services
XML Web services enable you to call components running on any platform using open Internet protocols. Working with XML Web services is easier where enhancements simplify the discovery and consumption of XML Web services that are located within any firewall. XML Web services can be built as easily as you would build any class in Visual Basic 6.0. The XML Web service project template builds all underlying Web service infrastructure.

2.3.1 Mobile Applications
Visual Basic .NET 2003 and the .NET Framework 1.1 offer integrated support for developing mobile Web applications for more than 200 Internet-enabled mobile devices. These new features give developers a single, mobile Web interface and programming model to support a broad range of Web devices, including WML 1.1 for WAP—enabled cellular phones, compact HTML (cHTML) for i-Mode phones, and HTML for Pocket PC, handheld devices, and pagers. Please note, Pocket PC programming is not available in Visual Basic .NET Standard, it requires Visual Studio 2003 Professional, or higher.

2.3.2 COM Interoperability
You can maintain your existing code without the need to recode. COM interoperability enables you to leverage your existing code assets and offers seamless bidirectional communication between Visual Basic 6.0 and Visual Basic .NET applications. 23

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2.3.3 Reuse Existing Investments
You can reuse all your existing ActiveX Controls. Windows Forms in Visual Basic .NET 2003 provide a robust container for existing ActiveX controls. In addition, full support for existing ADO code and data binding enable a smooth transition to Visual Basic .NET 2003.

2.3.4 Upgrade Wizard
You upgrade your code to receive all of the benefits of Visual Basic .NET 2003. The Visual Basic .NET Upgrade Wizard, available in Visual Basic .NET 2003 Standard Edition, and higher, upgrades up to 95 percent of existing Visual Basic code and forms to Visual Basic .NET with new support for Web classes and User Controls.

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3.0 TESTING OBJECTIVES
Testing is a process of executing a program with an intense of finding an error. A test is on that has a high probability or finding an undiscovered errors. A successful test is that uncovers an undiscovered errors.

3.1 TYPE OF TESTING DONE:
As per seven laws of computing “Any non-trivial program contains at least one bug. These are no trivial programs”. The proper choice of test data is an important as the test itself so; live data has been collected for testing.

3.1.1 UNIT TESTING:
The modules of the system are tested as an individual in unit testing; each unit has definite input and output parameters.

3.1.2 INTEGRATION TESTING:
In the system testing, the system is tested as a whole intercommunication, among the individual units and functions of the complete system are tested.

3.1.3 SYSTEM TESTING:
In the system testing, the system is tested as a whole intercommunication, among the individual units and functions of the complete system are tested.

3.1.4 DESTRUCTION TESTING:
In this type of testing, the application is tested until it does something. A is not suppose to do.

3.1.5 WINDOWS DESIGNING TEST:
This test provides, that each individual window (print, record, menus, message box) that the system consists of has been designed and built according to project standards.

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3.1.6 FUNCTION TESTING:
This testing method ensures that the nuts and bolts functions of the system are actually tested.

3.1.7 INTEGRATION TESTING:
The aim of the integration test is to put together the individually unit tested pages and build program structure; while at the some time tests are conducted to uncover errors associated with interfacing of pages. In this test this program goes smoothly from starting end. If we give any wrong input it display error message immediately. Display output are tested and verified.

3.1.8 PERFORMANCE TESTING:
This determines the length of time by the system to process transaction of data. For ex, the response times in case of an inquiry of the system Implementation is the stage where the theoretical is converted into a working system. This is the processing converting a new or a revised system into an operational one of the implementation consists of  Testing the developed system with sampled data.  Detection and correction of errors.  Making necessary charges in the system.  Checking of reports with that of the existing system.  Training of software and hardware utilities.  Installation of software and hardware utilities

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4.0 IMPLEMENTATION ON CLIENT MACHINE(Graphically) 4.1 User Password In order for remote desktop to work, you have to set a password on your user account. Follow these steps to set a password. 1. Go to Start then to My Computer (or go to your desktop and go to My Computer) 2. Go to Control Panel 3. Go to User Accounts 4. Click on your user account 5. Go to Create a Password 6. Fill everything out and hit Create Password

4.2 Enabling Remote Desktop Connection (on the host)

Now you’re ready to enable remote desktop. You have to be logged in as an administrator 1. Go to Start then right click on My Computer (or right click My Computer on your desktop) 29

` 2. Select Properties 3. Go to the Remote tab 4. Check “Allow users to connect remotely to this computer” 5. If you have other users that you want to allow remote access to the computer then go to Select Remote Users and select add and type in the user account name of the user where it says “Enter the object names to select”
4.3 Getting your IP address

You now have to get your ip address.
4.3.1 Connecting to the host machine from another machine

Now, this is how to connect to your computer from using Remote Desktop Connection. If you’re using a computer that doesn’t have Windows XP then you can load the client side of Remote Desktop Connection. Get it at and then you can follow these steps. 1. Go to Start 2. Go to All Programs 3. Go to Accessories 4. Go to Communications 5. Click Remote Desktop Connection 6. Go to Options and modify the options as you seem fit 7. Type in your IP address by 'Computer' 8. Log in with your username and password You should now have access to your computer. Take note that playing music will not work well with over the remote connection unless you have it stay at the local computer (change this in the options). Also, if you view images and webpages over the connection it will be very slow. Oh, and of course, you can’t play games like Quake 3 over the connection, this simply isn’t possible.

You can access your documents from anywhere.

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You can keep your IRC (internet relay chat) and IM clients open on one machine and then connect to your computer from other places. Thus you don’t have to leave your screen names and whatnot behind on other people’s computers.

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Check and save email in YOUR email client instead of using webmail. Perhaps your workplace/school doesn’t allow you to run IRC or IM clients, but you can use remote desktop. Then you can log on to your computer and IRC and IM from there. You could use this as some sort of tech support method. You can use Remote Desktop if you can’t always have a monitor plugged in to the box. Great for servers, you don't need to buy keyboard, mouse, monitor etc. to use.

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4.4 Cons
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You can’t play games with it. Images lag the connection. In order to start the server you have to log into your account, meaning if you’re on vacation and your computer locks up, you’ll have to have someone else reboot the computer and log in with your password. But this problem can be fixed by modifying a DLL file and adding a registry value. And up to 2 more computers can be connected remotely at the same time.

4.5 SCREEN SHOTS

System info:

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4.6 Explorer:

.4.7Service form:

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4.8 Process form:

4.9 Bitmap Functions
Win32 function AlphaBlend Description Displays a .NET Framework API System.Drawing.Graphics.DrawImage 33

` bitmap with transparent or semitransparent pixels. BitBlt Performs a bit- System.Drawing.Graphics.DrawImage block transfer. CreateBitmap Creates a System.Drawing.Bitmap constructor bitmap. Note Creates a DIB, not a DDB. GetBitmapDimensionEx Gets the System.Drawing.Bitmap.Size dimensions of a bitmap. GetDIBColorTable Retrieves RGB System.Drawing.Bitmap.Palette color values from a DIB section bitmap. GetDIBits Copies a System.Drawing.Bitmap.LockBits bitmap into a buffer. GetPixel Gets the RGB System.Drawing.Bitmap.GetPixel color value of the pixel at a given coordinate. GradientFill Fills rectangle System.Drawing.Graphics.FillRectangle(Drawing2D.LinearGr and triangle adiantBrush, Rectangle) structures. LoadBitmap Loads a bitmap System.Drawing.Bitmap.Bitmap(Type, String) from a module's executable file. Set Sets System.Drawing.Bitmap.SetPixel Pixel the color for a pixel. SetPixelV Sets a pixel to System.Drawing.Bitmap.SetPixel(…, the best Graphics.GetNearestColor(Color)) approximation of a color. StretchBlt Copies a System.Drawing.Graphics.DrawImage bitmap and stretches or

Brush Functions
Win32 function Description 34 .NET Framework API

` CreateBrushIndirect Creates a brush with a specified style, color, and pattern. Any of the following: System.Drawing.Brushes System.Drawing.SolidBrush System.Drawing.TextureBrush System.Drawing.Drawing2D.HatchBrush System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush System.Drawing.Drawing2D.PathGradientBrush System.Drawing.Drawing2D.HatchBrush constructor

CreateHatchBrush

Creates a brush with a hatch pattern and color. CreatePatternBrush Creates a brush System.Drawing.TextureBrush constructor with a bitmap pattern. CreateSolidBrush Creates a brush System.Drawing.SolidBrush constructor with a solid color. GetSysColorBrush Gets a handle for System.Drawing.Brushes class a brush that corresponds to a color index. 5.0 IMPLEMENTATION ON CLIENT MACHINES: 1.Go to Run Command Services.msc *Network Sharing *COM+EVENT *COM+SYSTEM APPLICATION * Remote Access System Manager *Remote Acess Connection Manager *Remote Procedure Call *Remote Registry *Remote Storage *Telnet *Windows Firewall *Windows Management Instrumentation * Windows Management Instrumentation Driver Properties Assign it as AUTOMATIC 2.Go to Run Command 35

` Secpol.msc Network access  Classic 3.My Computer *Manage *WMI Program *WMI Services *Properties *Logging on *Assign Verbose

*WMI control
*Security *Allow all user 3.Fire wall *Exception *Check all the boxes *Apply 4.Password *Users *Set Password *Apply Graphical Representation Of Implementing Client Machine Run Command

Services.msc: 36

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Network Sharing: COM+EVENT

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Remote Access Connection Manager:

Remote Desktop Help Session

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Telnet:

Windows Management Instrumentation: 39

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2. Go to Run Command:

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Network access:

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My Computer *Manage

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WMI Services:

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Assign Verbose:

Allow all user: 44

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3.Firewall:

Off the Fire wall Settings: 45

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Exception: Check all the boxes

Password: 46

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Set Password: 47

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6.0 Source code:
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` using System; using System.Management; namespace completionHandler { /// <summary> /// MyHandler class handle notification when InvokeMethod call is complete /// </summary> public class MyHandler { private bool isComplete = false; private ManagementBaseObject returnObject; /// <summary> /// Trigger Done event when InvokeMethod is complete /// </summary> /// <param name="sender"></param> /// <param name="e"></param> public void Done(object sender, ObjectReadyEventArgs e) { isComplete = true; returnObject = e.NewObject; } /// <summary> /// Get property IsComplete /// </summary> public bool IsComplete { get { 49

` return isComplete; } } /// <summary> /// Property allows accessing the result object in the main function /// </summary> public ManagementBaseObject ReturnObject { get { return returnObject; } } } } 2. process dictionary using System; using System.Collections.Specialized; namespace ProcessesDictionary { /// <summary> /// /// </summary> public struct structProcessInfo { public string stringName; public string stringProcessID; public string stringParentProcessID; 50

` public string stringUserName; } public class ProcessesInfo { private structProcessInfo _value; /// <summary> /// property Value /// </summary> public structProcessInfo Value { get {return _value;} set {_value = value;} } } /// <summary> /// Summary description for Dictionary. /// </summary> public class ProcessesDictionary : NameObjectCollectionBase { /// <summary> /// Clear dictionary /// </summary> public void Clear() { BaseClear(); } /// <summary> /// Add item to dictionary /// </summary> /// <param name="name"></param> /// <param name="processObj"></param> 51

` public void Add(string name, ProcessesInfo processObj) { BaseAdd(name, processObj); } /// <summary> /// Remove item from dictionary /// </summary> /// <param name="name"></param> public void Remove(string name) { BaseRemove(name); } /// <summary> /// Index remove item from dictionary /// </summary> /// <param name="index"></param> public void RemoveAt(int index) { BaseRemoveAt(index); } /// <summary> /// ProcessesInfo property by index /// </summary> public ProcessesInfo this[int index] { get {return (ProcessesInfo)BaseGet(index);} set {BaseSet(index, value);} } /// <summary> /// processInfo property by key /// </summary> 52

` public ProcessesInfo this[string name] { get {return (ProcessesInfo)BaseGet(name);} set {BaseSet(name, value);} }}} 3. Process performance dictionary: using System; using System.Collections.Specialized; namespace ProcessesPerformanceDictionary { /// <summary> /// Process performance data structure /// </summary> public struct structPerformance { public string stringPercentProcessorTime; public string stringVirtualBytes; } public class ProcessPerf { private structPerformance _value; /// <summary> /// Property /// </summary> public structPerformance Value { get {return _value;} set {_value = value;} } } /// <summary> /// This Dictionary contains process performance data. 53

` /// </summary> public class Dictionary : NameObjectCollectionBase { /// <summary> /// Clear dictionary /// </summary> public void Clear() { BaseClear(); } /// <summary> /// Add item to dictionary /// </summary> /// <param name="name"></param> /// <param name="processPerformance"></param> public void Add(string name, ProcessPerf processPerformance) { BaseAdd(name, processPerformance); } /// <summary> /// Remove item from dictionary by key /// </summary> /// <param name="name"></param> public void Remove(string name) { BaseRemove(name); } /// <summary> /// Remove item from dictionary by index /// </summary> /// <param name="index"></param> 54

` public void RemoveAt(int index) { BaseRemoveAt(index); } /// <summary> /// Access ProcessPerf item by index /// </summary> public ProcessPerf this[int index] { get {return (ProcessPerf)BaseGet(index);} set {BaseSet(index, value);} } /// <summary> /// Access ProcessPerf item by key /// </summary> public ProcessPerf this[string name] { get {return (ProcessPerf)BaseGet(name);} set {BaseSet(name, value);} } } } Services .cs using System; using System.Collections; using System.ComponentModel; using System.Drawing; using System.Data; using System.Windows.Forms; using System.Management; namespace WindowsServicesControlLibrary 55

` { /// <summary> /// Display srvices informatin. /// </summary> public class Srvices : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl { private System.Windows.Forms.Panel panel1; private System.Windows.Forms.ListView listViewServices; private System.Windows.Forms.Button buttonRefresh; private System.Windows.Forms.RadioButton radioRemoteMachine; private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textPassword; private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textUserID; private System.Windows.Forms.Label labelPassword; private System.Windows.Forms.Label labelUserID; private System.Windows.Forms.Label labelIP; private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textIP; private System.Windows.Forms.RadioButton radioMachine; public event Status UpdateStatus; private string stringServiceName = ""; private string stringServiceAction = ""; private ListViewItem listViewServiceItem; private bool boolLoaded = false; public Srvices() { // This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer. InitializeComponent(); // Init list view InitListView(); // Init boolLoaded flag boolLoaded = false; } 56

` /// <summary> /// Clean up any resources being used. /// </summary> protected override void Dispose( bool disposing ) { if( disposing ) { if(components != null) { components.Dispose(); } } base.Dispose( disposing ); } /// </summary> { this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container(); System.Resources.ResourceManager System.Resources.ResourceManager(typeof(Srvices)); this.panel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Panel(); this.buttonRefresh = new System.Windows.Forms.Button(); this.radioRemoteMachine = new System.Windows.Forms.RadioButton(); this.textPassword = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox(); this.textUserID = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox(); this.labelPassword = new System.Windows.Forms.Label(); this.labelUserID = new System.Windows.Forms.Label(); this.labelIP = new System.Windows.Forms.Label(); this.textIP = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox(); this.radioMachine = new System.Windows.Forms.RadioButton(); this.listViewServices = new System.Windows.Forms.ListView(); 57 resources = new private void InitializeComponent()

` this.imageList System.Windows.Forms.ImageList(this.components); this.panel1.SuspendLayout(); this.SuspendLayout(); // // panel1 // this.panel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right; this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(632, 0); this.panel1.Name = "panel1"; this.panel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 512); this.panel1.TabIndex = 0; // // buttonRefresh // this.buttonRefresh.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat; this.buttonRefresh.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(29, 16); this.buttonRefresh.Name = "buttonRefresh"; this.buttonRefresh.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 24); this.buttonRefresh.TabIndex = 10; this.buttonRefresh.Text = "&Refresh"; this.buttonRefresh.Click System.EventHandler(this.buttonRefresh_Click); // // radioRemoteMachine // this.textPassword.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 272); this.textPassword.Name = "textPassword"; this.textPassword.PasswordChar = '*'; this.textPassword.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 20); this.textPassword.TabIndex = 18; 58 += new = new

` this.textPassword.Text = ""; this.textPassword.Visible = false; // // textUserID // this.textUserID.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 208); this.textUserID.Name = "textUserID"; this.textUserID.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 20); this.textUserID.TabIndex = 16; this.textUserID.Text = ""; this.textUserID.Visible = false; // // labelPassword // this.labelPassword.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat; this.labelPassword.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 248); this.labelPassword.Name = "labelPassword"; this.labelPassword.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 16); this.labelPassword.TabIndex = 17; this.labelPassword.Text = "&Password:"; this.labelPassword.Visible = false; // // labelUserID // this.labelUserID.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat; this.labelUserID.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 184); this.labelUserID.Name = "labelUserID"; this.labelUserID.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 16); this.labelUserID.TabIndex = 15; this.labelUserID.Text = "&User ID:"; this.labelUserID.Visible = false; 59

` // // labelIP // this.labelIP.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat; this.labelIP.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 120); this.labelIP.Name = "labelIP"; this.labelIP.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(112, 16); this.labelIP.TabIndex = 13; this.labelIP.Text = "&IP or Machine Name:"; this.labelIP.Visible = false; // // textIP // this.textIP.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 144); this.textIP.Name = "textIP"; this.textIP.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 20); this.textIP.TabIndex = 14; this.textIP.Text = ""; this.textIP.Visible = false; // // radioMachine // this.radioMachine.Checked = true; this.radioMachine.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.Flat; this.radioMachine.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 56); this.radioMachine.Name = "radioMachine"; this.radioMachine.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 24); this.radioMachine.TabIndex = 11; this.radioMachine.TabStop = true; this.radioMachine.Text = "&Current Machine";

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` this.radioMachine.CheckedChanged System.EventHandler(this.radioMachine_CheckedChanged); System.Windows.Forms.SortOrder.Ascending; this.listViewServices.TabIndex = 1; this.listViewServices.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details; this.listViewServices.MouseDown // // imageList // this.imageList.ColorDepth System.Windows.Forms.ColorDepth.Depth8Bit; this.imageList.ImageSize = new System.Drawing.Size(16, 16); this.imageList.ImageStream /// <summary> /// Get services and populate list view /// </summary> private void getServices() { ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection; string[] lvData = new string[4]; try { queryCollection = getServiceCollection("SELECT * FROM Win32_Service"); foreach ( ManagementObject mo in queryCollection) { //create child node for operating system lvData[0] = mo["Name"].ToString(); lvData[1] = mo["StartMode"].ToString(); 61 = += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.listViewServices_MouseDown); += new

` if (mo["Started"].Equals(true)) lvData[2] = "Started"; else lvData[2] = "Stop"; lvData[3] = mo["StartName"].ToString(); //create list item ListViewItem lvItem = new ListViewItem(lvData,0); listViewServices.Items.Add(lvItem); } } catch (Exception e) { MessageBox.Show("Error: " + e); } //Status updateStatus("Ready"); this.Update(); } } /// <summary> /// Update status /// </summary> /// <param name="stringStatus"></param> private void updateStatus(string stringStatus) { if (UpdateStatus != null) 62

` UpdateStatus(stringStatus ); } /// <summary> /// radioMachine_CheckedChanged event allow user to access services on other machine /// </summary> /// <param name="sender"></param> /// <param name="e"></param> private void radioMachine_CheckedChanged(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { bool booleanFlag = true; RadioButton rbClicked = (RadioButton) sender; if (rbClicked.Text == "&Current Machine") booleanFlag = false; //toggle controls labelIP.Visible = booleanFlag; textIP.Visible = booleanFlag; labelUserID.Visible = booleanFlag; textUserID.Visible = booleanFlag; labelPassword.Visible = booleanFlag; textPassword.Visible = booleanFlag; } /// <summary> /// buttonRefresh click event allow user to refresh service list view /// </summary> /// <param name="sender"></param> 63

` /// <param name="e"></param> private void buttonRefresh_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { //call refresh function this.Refresh(); } /// <summary> /// List view mouse down event to built context menu dynamically /// </summary> /// <param name="sender"></param> /// <param name="e"></param> /// <summary> /// List view context menu click event to invoke start/stop service /// </summary> /// <param name="sender"></param> /// <param name="e"></param> private void menuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection; ListViewItem lvItem; //Set up a handler for the asynchronous callback ManagementOperationObserver ManagementOperationObserver(); completionHandler.MyHandler completionHandler.MyHandler(); observer.ObjectReady ObjectReadyEventHandler(completionHandlerObj.Done); //get specific service object 64 += new completionHandlerObj = new observer = new

` queryCollection = getServiceCollection("Select * from Win32_Service Where Name = '" + ServiceName + "'"); //Status updateStatus("Starting/Stopping service..."); foreach ( ManagementObject mo in queryCollection) { //start or stop service mo.InvokeMethod(observer, ServiceAction, null); } //wait until invoke method is complete or 5 sec timeout int intCount = 0; while (!completionHandlerObj.IsComplete) { if (intCount > 10) { MessageBox.Show("Terminate "Terminate Process Status"); break; } //wait 1/2 sec. System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(500); //increment counter intCount++; } //see if call was successful. process timed out.",

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` if (completionHandlerObj.ReturnObject.Properties["returnValue"].Value.ToString() == "0") { //succeeded lvItem = ServiceItem; if (ServiceAction == "StartService") lvItem.SubItems[2].Text = "Started"; else lvItem.SubItems[2].Text = "Stop"; } else { //error message string stringAction; if (ServiceAction == "StartService") stringAction = "start"; else stringAction = "stop"; MessageBox.Show("Failed to " + stringAction + " service " + ServiceName + ".", "Start/Stop Service Failure"); } //clean-up objects ServiceName = ""; ServiceAction = ""; ServiceItem = null; //Status 66

` updateStatus("Ready"); this.Update(); } /// <summary> /// Get computer service collection /// </summary> /// <param name="stringQuery"></param> /// <returns>queryCollection</returns> private ManagementObjectCollection getServiceCollection(string stringQuery) { ManagementObjectSearcher query; ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection = null; System.Management.ObjectQuery oq; string stringMachineName = ""; //Connect to the remote computer ConnectionOptions co = new ConnectionOptions(); if (radioMachine.Checked == true) { stringMachineName = "localhost"; } else { stringMachineName = textIP.Text; } if (stringMachineName.Trim().Length == 0) { MessageBox.Show("Must enter machine IP address or name."); 67

` return null; } //get user and password if (textUserID.Text.Trim().Length > 0) { co.Username = textUserID.Text; co.Password = textPassword.Text; } //Point to machine System.Management.ManagementScope ms = new System.Management.ManagementScope("\\\\" + stringMachineName + "\\root\\cimv2", co); //Status updateStatus("Getting Services Information"); //Query remote computer across the connection oq = new System.Management.ObjectQuery(stringQuery); query = new ManagementObjectSearcher(ms,oq); try { queryCollection = query.Get(); } catch (Exception e1) { MessageBox.Show("Error: " + e1); }

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` //Status updateStatus("Ready"); this.Update(); return queryCollection; } /// </summary> public override void Refresh() { // Init list view InitListView(); getServices(); boolLoaded = true; } /// <summary> /// GetLoaded check if control was loaded before /// </summary> /// <returns></returns> public bool Loaded { get { //true if control already loaded else false. return boolLoaded; } } }

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7.0 Conclusion: Thus the project WMI has been successfully designed and executed well in the specified Environment that is the Windows environment, during the project, the product we developed has undergone all the life cycle phases of the project and it meet the standards which are needed for a commercial tool in the windows platform, further we also like to add more features in the system to upgrade the tool for the next version.

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8.0BIBLIOGRAPHY
*VC#.NET, James Goodwill,G.C.Jain for Techmedia, FIRST INDIAN EDITION VC#.NET COMPLETE REFERENCE, Herbert Schildt,3rd Edition, Mc Graw Hill *WWW.MICROSOFT.COM.

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