This is the guide regarding how to make rc plane

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This is the guide regarding how to make rc plane

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 4

1. Li-Po Battery

2. ESC (electronic speed controller)

3. Servos

4. Motor mount

5. Motor

6. Receiver

7. Materials

8. Connecting rods

9. Jumper wires

10. Propeller

11. Servo horns

12. Clevis

Steps:

2. Equate the lift equals to 1.5 times the weight of plane

3. Now we use simple lift formula (Cl *0.5*s* rho*v^2) play with Cl / v

S: plan form area

V: velocity

Rho: air density

Cl: coefficient of lift

Table showing effect of velocity and Cl

Let

lift = 15 N ( 1kg aircraft)

rho = 1.225

s= 0.2(only main wing)

Cl V

0.5 7.82

0.6 7.14

0.7 6.6

0.8 6.18

0.9 5.83

So this means that if your cruise speed design is 7.14 m/s then you need airfoil with Cl 0.6 at

zero angle of attack

4. Cl give what airfoil we need to use. Best till now we know Clarke-Y

5. Find Cd value of that airfoil and evaluate drag.

6. See motor and propeller specifications to evaluate thrust,

7. Now drag should be much lower than thrust. Theoretically.

8. Concept of wing loading

9. Concept of aspect ratio

10. Follow thumb rules and design plane dimensions and then cross check initial assumptions

and make new calculations and accordingly predict new performance

11. Sample calculations: in a zip files

Terminology:

1. Cruise conditions: non-accelerating non-climbing, constant horizontal velocity, zero

angle of attack flying condition

2. Aspect ratio: ratio of winspan^2 and planform area

3. Wing loading: ratio of weight of aircraft and plan form area

4. Taper ratio: ratio of tip chord / root chord (defined for wing)

5. Sitting angle: angle between chord and horizontal (roughly)

6. Thin airfoil theory Cl calculation:

Cl = cl_not + 2*pi*alpha

Alpha: angle of attack in radians

cl_not: lift coefficient at zero angle of attack

7.

Precautions:

1. Precautions at (c: chord length)/3 of plane main wing plane should be nose heavy

2. Testing that at the designed thrust plane remain horizontal.

3. Designing should be at cruise condition.

4. Cl data can be used for selection of airfoil given at the back of introduction of flight

Or simple thin airfoil theory can be used

5. For more accurate results induced drag can be included for analysis/ selection of airfoil

and calculation real lift

6. Final weight just before flying should not be more than initially assumed so assume

more weight then expected to account for human error for initial weight calculation

7. Make wing rigid and should sit firmly to fuselage

8. Both wing and horizontal stabilizer should be parallel and should be in different plane

9. Vertical stabilizer should be exact 90 deg and wing should be made as a whole for

beginning and then innovation should follow

10. Servos placement should be such that it gives max angular deviation and control surface

deviation should be symmetric about its initial position

11. Motor mount should be straight forget thumb rule related to this for beginning

12. Choroplast will be used initially to make the body and forex for airfoil

13. Wing coroplast grain direction should be parallel to motor axis

14. Fuselage grain direction should be parallel to motor axis

Thumb Rules:

These are some rules which are based on experiences and should be followed by any beginner since

at starting we lack extensive simulation and background knowledge.

2. Fuselage length: 2.5 -4 time wing chord

3. Horizontal tail area 18-22 % of wing area

4. Horizontal tail aspect ratio 3-5

5. Vertical tail area 8-12 % of wing area

6. Vertical tail aspect ratio 1.5-3

7. Wing sitting angle – 0-2 deg

8. Dihedral angle 0-2 deg

9. Horizontal tail sitting angle may be – 0 – (-3) deg

10. Thrust line should be 0-2 deg down (angle with horizontal)

1. Less v_cruise means slow flyer plane and large v_cruise means high flyer plane

1.1 high velocity means high battery consumption and high range

1. Low wing

2. Mid wing

3. High wing

2. Clarke Y

3. NACA series (read NACA nomenclature)

4.Types of wings

1. Rectangular

2. Delta

3. Tapered

4. swept

111. To get airfoil which give certain Cl with zero deg angle of attack. Refer : -

http://airfoiltools.com/

333. Step by step cad model to demonstrate how things are made

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