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such as classifying, inferring, hypothesizing, generalizing, valuing, relating, and synthesizing. - It's a myth, they aren't doing it better or faster, in fact they are hurting their brains. Make them stop and do things one at a time. ~ OUCH!! 1990 - all the wired gagets didn't exist 2006 - in the past 15 years humans didn't change. Jordan Grafman: Chief of the cognitive neuroscience section at the National Institute of Nwurological Disorders and Stoke (NINDS) thinks that decades of research shows that the quality of your output and depth of thought deteriorates as you do more and more things at the same time. You need mental downtime and to relax. The medial Parietal Lobes are active when you are not focused on a task. Brodmann's area 10 located in the anterior prefrontal cortex is used for multitasking. It helps you switch from one thing to the next thing then back to the first thing again. It is one of the first areas in your head to develop and one of the first to deteriorate as you age. Kids and folks over 60 don't multitask as well as the young adult. David E. Meyer director of the Brain Cognition and Action Lab @ the University of Michigan thinks the ability to multitask / process has it's limits even among the your adult. When peopole try to do 2 or more related tasks at the same time or go back and forth quickly between them errors go way way up and it takes longer often TWICE AS LONG. The bottom line is you CAN'T simultaneously be thinking about something and do something else / do 2 things at once. You will never ever be able to overcome the brain's limitations for processing information. Humans can't do it. Habitual multitasking may even result in a condition that your brain gets so overexcited that you can't focus even if you wanted to. If you lose that skill and your will to concentrate it's called MENTAL ANTSYNESS. Parents must set limits for children using their wired gadgets and time. Don't let them be so plugged in that you aren't doing what you would normally TOGETHER. MUSIC AND THE BRAIN Singing Familiar Songs is Found to Use Spatial Abilities Left Brain - Right Brain In Search of . . . Brain-Based Education By John T. Bruer
about the brain | brain based learning | brain development
Inside the Brain: An Interactive Tour The human brain is in many ways a fantastic and enigmatic part of the body, and only within the past few decades have scientists begun to understand its many nooks and crannies. When the brain is beset with any number of neurological conditions, it changes in a myriad of ways. This website, provided by the Alzheimers Association, provides an interactive tour of the brain of a person with Alzheimers disease. The tour contains
such as what the brain is composed of and how it functions. namely logical reasoning. The folks at Harvard also display the visual results of brain ailments like stroke and Alzheimer's -. How People Learn Take a Classical Intelligence IQ Test This IQ test measures several factors of intelligence. It also measures your ability to classify things according to various attributes. . and each slide contains informative text that provides background material. The Whole Brain Atlas has your brain in pictures. That's why I'm delighted to have won the Australia Prize. math skills and general knowledge.. especially if they make money from it. It doesn't take into consideration verbal. or emotional intelligence. Take a Culture-Fair IQ Test Scientific American Quarterly Feature Article: Intelligence Considered: Winter 1998 Multiple Intelligences Reawakening the creative mind Australian scientists say they have created a 'thinking cap' that will unleash creativity. Comment from: Dr. It's a triumph for . .even Mad Cow Disease.sixteen interactive slides.." According to comments made after he received the 1997 Australia Prize. "Our society gives more kudos to those who implement ideas. Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology This work emerged from an interesting place run by an interesting guy. I'm not a competent experimentalist so why try to do it. "I get the answer and get out. The first seven slides contain a bit of background information about the brain. Each Whole Brain sub-page consists of a nifty graphic and plenty of medical terms. . he was recruited to head a unit at the Australian National University in Canberra. The Whole Brain is one of the first (and best) examples of what the Web can do to help explain the human body. such as the Harvard University Whole Brain Atlas site and the BBCs Interactive Brain Map." he says. Another Interactive Tour by New Scientist try this link excellent how the brain works resource. Allan Snyder said "When I have an idea. I try to make it vivid enough so that an experimentalist might realise it in a laboratory and then the technologists might grab it. after attention for key work on the development of optical fiber. and to see analogies and relations among concepts or things. Rounding out the site are a selection of links to sites that provide additional information on the brain. whereas the person who had the idea is generally forgotten. social. He said he loves the creative freedom the job provides and went on to say. Neil Greenberg.
/Ph." The work on nonlinear science has prompted Snyder's latest passion: the mind and how it works.drugs. Snyder characterized the brain is the ultimate non-linear device. electrical impulses. -.000 brains by a team across six countries over the past nine years an International team of scientists unveils the world's first "brain atlas". "Every time you move from not working on a task to working on a task. the dorsal anterior cingulate and the left and right frontal operculum. such as reading. the opercula are at the base of the brain in both the left and right hemispheres. But Dr. The images have the potential to transform neurosurgery by allowing doctors to plan operations through maps that show how each area of the brain is used for vital tasks from memory to speech. & personalities identified as Fellows. Neurologists and researchers will be able to access a database via the internet that offers extremely detailed threedimensional images of the workings of the brain at a microscopic level. these areas seem to become active. . reasoning. the executive center responsible for personality. then the regions highlighted by the new study may be likened to conductors. The cingulate is found near the midline of the top of the brain.jsp?story=425640 At the University of California in Los Angeles." In the review biographies of Australia Prize winners.this was in 1997. an M. He was recently appointed foundation director of the ANU's Centre for the Mind and says he has big things planned for the Centre. insight and other highorder cognitive functions. planning. Goldman-Rakic used various techniques -." says lead author Nico Dosenbach. Pat Goldman-Rakic was the first researcher to chart the frontal lobe of the brain. scholars. published in the June 1 issue of Neuron.to explore and describe its structure.D. "Signals actually change the neural connectivity of our brain as they go in." The study. researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. If the brain in action can be compared to a symphony. Louis assert. with specialized sections required to pitch in at the right time to produce the desired melody. "We don't passively look onto the world. learning a rhythm or analyzing a picture. These brain images point out the areas most consistently active during a variety of cognitive tasks." he says. Scientists have used data from scans of 183 subjects to identify brain areas that consistently become active in a variety of cognitive tasks.co. Located behind the forehead. The Centre has some distinguished scientists. from data collected from the analysis of over 7. 'Brain atlas' maps out how the human mind works By Cahal Milmo and Charles Arthur 19 July 2003 http://news.D. highlighted three regions. the frontal lobe was once regarded as inaccessible to rigorous scientific analysis. Dr.uk/world/science_medical/story.independent. student. "They appear to be helping to determine which brain regions will contribute to a cognitive task and when those regions will play a part in that task. behavioral responses and other methods -.the Institute of Advanced Studies at the ANU that a dreamer can be allowed to prosper. but their website has a highly commercial flavor.
such patients are minimally active." coming up with verbs associated with the word "dog" or determining the color of the letters in the word "dog. and now these data suggest the opercula may be involved in the creation of what neuroscientists call a task set. James S. did not become active as consistently as the cingulate and the opercula. the volume of data provided by the different studies was essential to making sure that the areas highlighted in the analysis were contributing at a very basic level. Different parts of the brain have specialized abilities that can contribute in various ways to completion of different tasks. a condition that occurs in patients who suffer a lesion from stroke or surgery that includes the cingulate. "If you give them a cup of coffee. Subjects in one study had to tap their fingers in time to a rhythm. "In this study. Ph. 'I'm fine." Although many of the tasks in the eight studies were language-related (reading a word or naming verbs associated with a given noun.' but they won't tell you a story." Petersen explains. but they'd never ask for a cup of coffee. they'll tell you. such as reading the word "dog. According to Petersen. of neurobiology and of radiology. "We're not implying that this region isn't important. though." Petersen says. such as coming up with random words. The researchers' theories are reinforced by akinetic mutism. So there is some other evidence that the cingulate really is an important contributor to task sets.D." or the ability to take one stimulus and process it in different ways to produce different feedback." For example. the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. or whether it plays such a very basic role that its participation is almost always required. "They can do tasks with very explicit instructions. Dosenbach notes. but the new analysis may change their thinking. "We have been struggling to figure out what they do.. professor of neuroscience. "But it's a huge dataset." he says. and associate professor of neurological surgery." The analysis was based on data from eight separate functional brain imaging studies conducted over the course of five years. but are much less proficient at what's called random generation tasks. They just have to be lined up to play their part when their abilities are needed. "If you ask them how they are. To varying degrees." Dosenbach says." Much of the human brain's power derives from what Petersen calls "flexible configuration of processing systems. . when you looked at maps of what different parts of the brain do." Task sets are plans for accessing different parts of the brain to achieve a goal. "It's a question of whether the cingulate has specific contributions to make in all these tasks. and the results were very clear. Another group had to judge the orientation of lines. and they were concerned when we didn't find what they expected. rather than at the specialized level of a particular task. one brain area thought likely to be active in creating task sets. "Some neuroscientists were certain what we should have found with this analysis. some were not." notes senior author Steven Petersen." he explains. McDonnell Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience. Other neuroscientists previously have implicated the cingulate in a variety of specialized cognitive tasks. A third group was asked to match short graphic squiggles."For years. such as "bark" for "dog")." "They seem to have problems voluntarily entering a task state. they'll drink it. the opercula have often been blank. it just didn't come up as consistently as the cingulate and the opercula.
In general. June 1. Petersen and his colleagues plan follow-up studies to further understand the roles of the cingulate and the opercula in creating task sets and to see if these regions have similar roles in children of various ages. Grimes AL. I think. The conference and articles were underwritten by a grant from the Spencer Foundation Sinestesia: providing valuable clues to understanding the organization and functions of the human brain when the senses--touch.The non-linguistic tasks produced the same results. PHYSICAL PATHWAYS . suppressing the creative instincts of the other side. according to Petersen. Visscher KM. Hemisperes Brain cells between your left eye and ear control the powers of language. Miezin FM. Schlaggar BL. MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Internet Links Exercising Your Multiple Intelligences (M. "The New Media and Learning.I." by Shirley Veenema and Howard Gardner. Petersen SE. while the right side is dominant in visual and musical ability. The article continues the series." which opened with three articles in the July-August issue. Burgund ED. 2006. Neuron. hearing. memory and emotional control. which is. from the November-December issue of The American Prospect explores the idea that technology does not necessarily improve education. Wenger KK. vision and smell--get mixed up instead of remaining separate. the left hemisphere of the brain controls language."I've wondered whether this dominant hemisphere which shapes our linguistic perceptions of the world may in some ways dampen our visual ways of thinking. taste. Dr. "Multimedia And Multiple Intelligences.NEURAL MAP . Kang HC. at the core of great art. Miller began to think of the left side of healthy brains as a bully. They are also planning to use a new type of functional brain imaging to look at the connections between other brain areas and the cingulate and the opercula. Dosenbach NUF. All articles were originally presented at a conference sponsored by The American Prospect at the MIT Media Laboratory on June 4. A core system for the implementation of task sets. social graces and reasoning." he says. 1996. Palmer ED.) The Multiple Intelligence Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) Memphis City Schools has implementing a Multiple Intelligence type curriculum.
These have little in common. patients lack emotional propriety and do not show the changes in heart rate and the skin responses that normally accompany emotional arousal. these pathways may be abnormally inactive in psychopathic individuals. these pathways may be excessively active in anxiety. I would redesign the school system into three departments: . unbeknownst to them. spelling and grammar compete with creative writing and literature. Chair of the Assembly Education Committee.gov/html/statseg2a.from cortex to peripheral organs . Similarly. researchers Matthew Lieberman and Naomi Eisenberger have discovered the true source of a "broken heart" and "hurt feelings". to regulate organ function. Phone: (voice) 916-653-6002 (fax) 916-654-5829 California Research Bureau site "Learning-Related Outcomes of Computer Technology in K-12 Education. Those standards will respond to requirements of Assembly Bill 1023 (Chapter 404. post-traumatic stress. The Problem with Schools Ken Umbach and Bob Jacob Kenneth W. In English. Given the conflict. Helen Barbas.D. For example." From: Bob Jacobs "The problem with our school system as I see it is the way we organize our courses. 2) Pathways of emotion . the research team leader.library.. says: "The existence of these pathways has implications for several psychological conditions. There is just one structure in the middle . Their study involved a multiplayer game while the subjects were in an fMRI. who lack appropriate emotional responses. Ph. and obsessive-compulsive disorder .cfm) "This paper summarizes ways in which computer technology and communications have been found to enhance learning in K-12 classrooms. Spelling and grammar deal with the formal rules of language whereas literature and creative writing deal with the personal expression of ideas. which originate in the spinal cord. When this area is damaged. The paper has been prepared at the request of Assembly Member Kerry Mazzoni. The pathway then connects to autonomic nerves. enabling them to respond appropriately. Some participants were occasionally excluded. Policy Analyst.the hypothalamus. Umbach.conditions in which the emotional experience is extreme relative to the situation. to support the work of the Commission on Teacher Credentialing in developing computer technology training standards for teachers. The MRI showed activation of areas of the brain commonly associated with physical pain." In brief: (http://www. California Research Bureau. statutes of 1997).source Researchers from Boston University have unravelled the neural pathways that transmit information about your surroundings to your organs.ca." Other research in humans has implicated the prefrontal cortex in these conditions. to provide a feeling of being a social outcast.1) UCLA press release. spelling and grammar are the obvious losers since literature and creative writing are so interesting. Neurons originating in high-order brain structures transmit signals about the environment relatively directly to low-order structures in the spinal cord.
and of Quick Basic and HTML and of course. the research indicates. students can learn what has already been discovered. A good mix of all three departments would make for more meaningful. In comparative language students would learn not only the rules of English. Regions related to learning show increased activity in sleepers who spent their evening mastering a new skill. Creating essays and works of art which deal with subject matter issues from department 2 are here as well. Giulio Tononi of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his colleagues measured electrical brain signals in subjects who learned a simple computer game before going to sleep.. however the subjects are now taught in isolated boxes separated by artificial subject matter barriers. serves as barriers to communication across these boundaries. What students today do not learn is translation. Comparative language 2...1. I'm not sure that many are prepared to teach this course. quality education. Patch of brain put to sleep Local snoozing makes for better learning By Tanguy Chouard 6/04 A good night's rest is hard work for parts of your brain. belongs all things which are personal and creative. Applications 3. I guess this is pretty way out because it is so far from our present structure and because there are so few teachers who come out of college prepared to think in these ways. Designing experiments in order to solve scientific problems in the laboratory. rather than bringing subjects together. Translation from the language of music to that of painting and then to mathematics. and study the works of Dali. I gather that there will be some who will be upset by this separation of form from function. Art I may not be using these words in way that are meaningful to you. and of art and music. Language. The kind of activity that occurs during sleep was increased in a penny-sized region . interest would be generated in learning how different languages fill different niches. mathematics. how some languages are preferable to others in their means of expressing certain types of thoughts and how their rules demonstrate this.. and learning the reasoning process by which one designs experiments is here. they say. art. In the Applications department. and read the works of Lavoisier and learn about the models which we use to describe ourselves and our world. but of French and Spanish. they can read Emerson. The discovery shows that sleep is valuable for consolidating new information and is not a simple 'standby' mode. say US neuroscientists. Local brain processing during the night led to new skills being more firmly cemented. In other words. but it would certainly generate some real knowledge of language as well as an interest and a meaning in the study of grammar and spelling. Much of what constitutes high school education is in the second department. In the third department.
Night shift When the brain goes to sleep. one should be able to increase SWA locally as a result of a specific task. they report in a paper published online by Nature. during the day. a neuroscientist at the University of California. he reasoned. "But the real questions are: what is it in you that really needs to rest. its nerve cells synchronize their firing to generate a pattern called slow-wave activity (SWA). He points out that some animals. The researchers conclude that sleep falls on brain circuits that have been changed. not just used. and what for?" says Tononi. Just playing the game did not have this effect. "Is it your whole body or just the brain cells that had something special to do during your day?" If SWA is needed by local brain regions. This is the first time that waking behaviour has been shown to affect a specific part of the human brain during slumber. . and carry on regardless. tends to perform better in the morning. can send the two halves of their brain to sleep independently. Berkeley." says Robert Knight. Someone who has been awake for a long time will display more pronounced SWA at the beginning of the night. which are interrupted by short bouts of rapid eye movement when dreaming occurs.in the brains of slumbering subjects who had learned the game. "It's a very elegant study. which is in the top right hemisphere. such as dolphins. Sleep specialists know that SWA somehow reflects a need to rest. SWA characterizes the long periods of deep sleep. And someone with more of such activity in this area.
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