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The Complete Guide to Water Fuel

Copyright © 2008 by Charles Seiler


Contents

I. Liars and Thieves


1. The Energy Conspiracy
2. The Corporations
3. Gas Mileage 101
4. Suppressed Inventions

II. Automotive Fuels


1. Fossil Fuels
2. Water Fuel
3. Fuel Comparisons
4. Hydrogen Supplementation

III. Making Water Fuel


1. Magic Water
2. Electrolysis
3. Stanley Meyer – The Genius of Water

IV. Building a Water Fuel Cell


1. Electrolytic Cell Designs
2. Construction
3. Operation

V. Water Injection
1. Water equals power
2. Methods of water injection

VI. Improving Gas Mileage


1. Air/Fuel Mixtures
2. Exhaust Gas Temperature – EGT
3. Wideband Oxygen Sensors
4. Modifying the Stock Oxygen Sensor
5. Modifying the Air Temperature Sensor
Disclaimer

This guide is not just a “how to” manual, moreover it is a compilation of


interesting and important facts that will help you on your quest to save money on
gas, and save the world of horrible poisonous pollution.
In the world of oil and energy, there is too much confusion. Too many
arguments exist between too many people. Too many lies are being spread as
truth. Too much truth is being hidden and suppressed. There is simply too much
bullshit ruining a perfectly good world. The following information is meant to
help.
To be as accurate and honest as possible, I have cited the sources of the
information herein. For online sources used, I’ve listed the corresponding website
hyperlinks to the original material. In the appendix section, you can click these
hyperlinks to review the original articles.
If you happen to see something that is incorrect, please contact me at once
so I can review and correct the information if necessary.
And finally, just because accidents do happen, nothing in this manual is
guaranteed to be safe, effective, or reliable. Everything here is to be used at your
own risk. Automotive engines, engine repair, and fuel system modifications can
be very dangerous. When working on engines, please involve a professional
mechanic when possible, and please be safe. I cannot be responsible for the way
you use this information. The application of the following information is your
responsibility. Good luck!
Preface

The Global Energy Crisis


The world today is on the brink of a major change. Everyone everywhere is in a
frenzy. We are all searching for a way to cut down on the prices we are paying for
fuel and energy. Driving your family car or truck is no longer practical, not when
it cost $100 or more to fuel up at the gas pumps.1

Our economy is in shambles, and the high fuel prices are just adding to the
trauma.2 We cannot continue on this path, it is very obvious that something has to
change. Fortunately for us, the future looks very positive. We have technologies
today that could eliminate fossil fuels, and the accompanying high prices we pay
for them.3
Sadly, the only thing stopping us from using alternative fuel technology is
public awareness. When our public becomes more aware of the technology that is
available, the technology will change. But, until the ignorance is lifted in the
public mind, we will be stuck with the same prices, the same fuels and the same
fuel wasting cars. The oil companies are not going to offer cheaper alternatives
until we stop asking them for their expensive oil. However, since very few people
know about the alternatives, there isn’t going to be a single bit of change.
It is because of the public’s ignorance that I have set myself on a mission
to educate as many people as possible about fossil fuel alternatives, mainly, water
fuel. With every new person who learns about an alternative to fossil fuels, we
have a heightened chance of slowing down the oil companies who continue to
raise their prices on a daily basis. Something has to be done, and it needs to be
done now!
I hope that when you read this, you will learn a thing or two and when you
do, you will do your best to pass the knowledge on to other people. Writing this
book took many hours, and I am deeply appreciative that you are here reading it
today. After all is said and done, I hope you will join me in the fight to change the
world and get away from the terrible fossil fuels we are currently using.

Sincerely,

Charles Seiler,
H2OFuelKits.com
Owner
I. Liars and Thieves

1. The Energy Conspiracy

Whether or not you believe in conspiracies, there is a major one right in front us.
We are being told on a daily basis that we need oil to survive.4 But this idea that
we cannot create energy without fossil fuels is one of the largest and most
ridiculous conspiracies that we have ever faced. As a human race we are caught in
a web of lies and suppression that threaten our very survival as a species. All the
while we are burning terrible polluting fuels and ruining the entire Earth.
Nothing has caused more damage to the environment than using oil and
coal for energy. We use crude fuels to move our cars, heat our homes and create
electricity. But it isn’t necessary. We don’t need fossil fuels to generate power.5
By the way, we don’t need wind generators, solar panels, hydroelectric damns, or
nuclear power plants either. The entire energy grid that exists today is actually a
complete waste of natural resources. We don’t need any of it.6
Hold on just a sec! I just said that our entire energy infrastructure is a total
waste. I must be ludicrous to say what I just said. If you want to call me crazy, I
will completely forgive you.
For now, it is important that you listen as much as you can. I am not here
to sugar coat anything or sell energy. I am here to speak the truth, so I’m going to
put some things as bluntly as I can in order to make a point. Some of the things
I’m going to tell you are going to zap your mind, and they might even make you
angry. All I ask is that you have the patience to keep on reading. I promise that
after all is said and done, there is beautiful light at the end of the tunnel. For now,
we need to face the facts. The facts may hurt. Please just bear with me.

2. The Corporations
The corporations who own the oil companies and electric power plants are not
telling us the truth.7 They give out misleading information, and this information
trickles out in our newspapers, magazines, books and TV ads.8 The lie is that we
need people to sell us power. But the real truth is that we do not need these
corporations to sell us power. We do not need gasoline to drive our cars, and we
do not need power lines to send electricity to our homes. We do not need to buy
energy from any single company. We have plenty of free energy all around us.
Those big companies keep lying to us, and they even pay others to
continue disseminating bad information.
This book is not a political book. It would take a million pages to cover
the political problems that our world has faced in the last century. Instead, this is a
book of real facts and figures. The facts and figures that follow should be
convincing enough that there is a major political conspiracy. The conspiracy
involves the suppression of cheap renewable energy. It is a real problem, whether
you like it or not. The science is here, the facts are here, and there is no denying
reality. Turn off the TV, throw away that useless newspaper. The media is
spreading lies.9 The lies need to stop. We need to find the truth.
The truth is that fossil fuels are not necessary. But you can no longer sit
and wait for the truth. The truth is not going to simply fall in your lap. The
television is not going to suddenly offer honest and fair reporting. The world is
not getting better, it is getting worse. If you look around, you can see more chaos,
not less chaos. There is more pollution, not less pollution. Fuel costs are higher,
not lower. The world is getting more difficult. Sitting around and waiting is not
the answer. You need to stand up, and demand a solution. You need to learn all
you can and ask as many questions as you can. Never accept anything until you
have researched it for yourself.
With the help of people like you, we can end the lies and find a better
future. Together we can end this 100 year old energy conspiracy.

3. Gas Mileage 101


Gas mileage is a funny thing. It never seems to improve. Considering the
improvements made in medicine, computers and other areas of technology and
science, you’d think that fuel economy would improve drastically in the last 20
years, but has it? Well, I’d have to say, absolutely not!
The EPA actually admits that in the last 20 years, fuel economy hasn’t
improved at all, not even 1% in small passenger cars, while light trucks are
getting worse fuel economy now than in 1987.10
As a point of reference, my 1965 Dodge 2WD ¾ ton truck weighed 4550
lbs, had a 318 CI V8 engine, and a 4 speed transmission. In 2001, It got 18 MPG
on the highway, the same as trucks that were 35 years newer!
Yes, we have newer, smoother, more powerful engines, but they are not
nearly as efficient as they should be. Computers have improved by about 1
million percent in 20 years.11 Fuel efficiency in cars has improved by 0% in 20
years! There is a reason for that. The oil companies and car companies have
designed it that way. It all comes back to that energy conspiracy thing.
What people don’t normally realize is that fuel economy is more a
function of the type of fuel, more than any other factor. Gasoline will only burn
completely when it has precisely the right amount of air, about 14.7 parts air, to 1
part fuel. Therefore, you cannot simply reduce the amount of gasoline you are
using at a given engine speed and expect your engine to run smoothly. This
applies to all engines, whether they are new or old. This is why new cars aren’t
much better than old cars when it comes to fuel economy.
Today’s cars use a computer to keep a steady air/fuel mixture of 14.7:1
while driving. Normal gasoline burns most cleanly at this ratio, producing the
least amount of combined exhaust by-products. This ratio of air to fuel is called
the stoichiometric ratio.12
Stoichiometry describes the perfect ratio of air to fuel for complete
combustion. Gasoline mixed with alcohol requires a higher fuel load to reach
stoichiometry, which is a considered a richer fuel mixture. On the other hand,
gasoline mixed with a hydrogen catalyst can reach stoichiometry with less fuel
and more air, something like 30:1. 13 This would be considered a “leaner” fuel
mixture.
Different additives in gasoline will require different air/fuel ratios to reach
stoichiometry. It is important to note that gasoline purity varies throughout
different regions of the world. In the USA alone, pump fuel can vary dramatically
between states.14
The reason fuel economy has not improved much in the last 20 years is
mainly due to the inherent problems of gasoline its self. With plain gasoline, you
cannot lean it out much past 14.7:1. If we try to run less fuel and more air, we
disrupt the effective operation of the catalytic converter in the exhaust pipe.
Proper vehicle emissions are maintained only when the engine operates near the
stoichiometric setting. Lean fuel mixtures, while being slightly more efficient,
actually create more ozone damaging oxides of nitrogen.15
The following chart below gives an excellent representation of the
differences between lean and rich fuel mixtures. As you can see, at 14.7:1, the
total average pollution of gasoline combustion is at its lowest point. 16
Air Fuel Ratio vs. Emissions - According to Toyota

Gasoline is just plain picky; if you run it rich (12.5:1 or lower), it doesn’t
burn clean. If you run it lean (17.5:1 or above), it burns too slow. Just outside
these limits, the engine will begin misfiring or running rough. In this regard,
normal gasoline has a very narrow operating range compared to other fuels.17
Fortunately for us, there is an exception to the rules. There is a substance
here on earth that can fix gasoline. It’s called hydrogen.
Thousands of studies have shown that hydrogen acts an amazing catalyst
to gasoline combustion. Hydrogen works so well that gasoline will burn hot and
fast even at extremely lean ratios of 30:1. At the same time, hydrogen
supplementation reduces engine pollution drastically. If you add a little squirt of
hydrogen, gasoline consumption can be reduced drastically.
Because of the way hydrogen improves combustion, every car on the road
today should be required to run hydrogen injection. Gasoline can be burned at
very lean air/fuel ratios while producing less exhaust pollution. A gallon of fuel
can be made to last much longer, and everyone everywhere can have better air
and more money in their pocket! Sadly, the oil companies are still trying to make
as much profit as they can. They have done a very good job at suppressing the
useful application of hydrogen on existing cars.
Hydrogen supplementation can be done many different ways. The
important thing to know is that it requires absolutely no internal engine
modifications. As exciting as this is, it is not new technology. As you’ll see in just
a moment, those big energy corporations have been ripping us off for a really long
time.
To recap, fuel economy is dependent mainly on the type of fuel used, and
only in a small part on the engine design. Fuel economy has slightly declined in
the last 20 years. The oil companies and car companies have failed for 20 years
straight. That is no accident.
By injecting hydrogen into a stock engine you can increase fuel mileage
and reduce pollution. The technology to do this exists today. It only takes a small
amount of hydrogen to improve performance and efficiency.
Gasoline makes for a poor fuel by its self, because it will only burn within
a certain air/fuel mixture range. No matter what, if we keep using regular
gasoline, we can only get so much bang for the buck. No amount of engine
modification is going to change that fact.
The solution to reducing fuel consumption is hydrogen injection. Unlike
fossil fuels, hydrogen is renewable. 18 Hydrogen can be derived from water via
electrolysis. Hydrogen can, and will save fuel.

4. Suppressed Inventions

Hydrogen injection has been around since the beginning of the engine its self. The
first fuel used for the internal combustion engine was actually hydrogen. After
gasoline was invented, hydrogen didn’t simply disappear.
Water fuel inventors in the 1940’s figured out a water carburetor. It was a
very smart design, where the carburetor its self was transformed into an
electrolytic cell. Instead of gas going through the carburetor, there would be
water. This water would be broken down into hydrogen and used instead of
gasoline. This water carburetor was seen in use and witnessed by hundreds of
people. The inventors, a father and son team, said they didn’t need any fossil fuel
to start and run the vehicle. Patents were issued. These patents are still available,
and you can see them for yourself in a book by James A. Robey called, Water
Car.
There have been hundreds, if not thousands of people who have figured
out new amazing ways to power a vehicle. There is a tale of Nikola Tesla himself
driving a car powered by etheric energy. He supposedly designed a special
receiver designed for receiving zero point energy. This receiver provided free
electricity to a specially built electric motor. A witness from many years ago
claimed that this car really did exist, and he even rode in it. To this day, we cannot
know for sure, however, considering the accomplishments of Tesla, it doesn’t
sound too far fetched.
Water fuel is considered the same as free energy, because water is
completely free. Free energy has always been suppressed. The suppression of free
energy is a very large subject, so I’m not going to elaborate on it. I am just going
to mention a few examples so you can understand the real significance of the
problem we are facing.
There is an entire book about lost water fuel inventions. It is written by
James A. Robey. In Robey’s book, Water Car, you will see that we have had
dozens of people develop perfectly good working water fuel devices. These
people never made a single splash in the public domain.
Proof of the conspiracy to suppress free energy comes from the actual
inventors themselves. If you examine the life’s and listen to the stories of famous
inventors, you will see how much trouble they faced when bringing forth new
ideas. Tesla, known for being the most detail oriented person, who couldn’t bear
to see a flake of dirt on his shirt, had his entire shop burned to the ground one day
from a fire. Earlier, Tesla was cut off from financial help from J.P. Morgan, after
Morgan realized Tesla wanted to send electricity without wires or electrical
meters.
The most recent and horrifying story is that of Stan Meyer. Meyer wasn’t
the first person to invent water fuel, but he was the first person to perfect it in
ways that still aren’t understood by normal science. Meyer wanted to
commercialize water fuel on a global scale in every industry, all at once. Even
better, he had the working devices and the patents to make it happen. He was
clearly the most ambitious water fuel developer ever to come along. This
ambition cost him his life. He was murdered after turning down millions of
dollars to sit on his inventions and withhold them from public use.
Nobody has proven Stan’s murder in 1996, however, his last words were
pretty startling. In the final moments of his life, while running out of a restaurant,
Meyer said that he was poisoned. Meyer seemed to know that he was murdered.
Stan has enough video footage available to provide a very clear overview
of the difficulties he faced. He said he was threatened, black mailed, and robbed
of his ideas. He said he couldn’t trust anyone. Meyer proved that there is a force
working against us.
In 2006, a scientist named Dr. Halim, working in Putrajaya, discovered a
way to run a normal car engine on a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen. His
technology is more advanced than others, with millions of dollars spent on
research. Initial patents were filed in 2002. Halim’s technology differs from
others in the fact that it involves nano technology.
In 2006, Dr. Halim claimed that only 12 people in the world understand
how hydroxene works, and only he has a 100% working knowledge of it. Dr.
Halim, like other inventors was offered a huge amount of money to sell his patent,
most likely so the technology can remain a secret. At one point, he was offered
$26 million dollars to simply release his patent!19 The amount of money that
water fuel inventors are offered is incredible and it proves how much is at stake.
In another book, I will provide more detail about the life of Stan Meyer
and other inventors. For now, it is important to realize the truth about water fuel.
Water fuel has been a reality for at least 60 years. And for the last 60 years, water
fuel has been suppressed. This suppression is not going to end anytime soon. The
fuel companies, car companies, public media and the public education systems are
not going to help us with this one. The world governments will remain silent for
as long as they can.
With the advent of the internet, more people are reaching out. People
across the world are now joining together to share their knowledge. The days of a
lone inventor perfecting something are nearing an end. Collectively, we stand a
better chance at beating this energy conspiracy.
As an important military sergeant named Clifford Stone once said,
“Absence of evidence, is not evidence of absence.” So it is with water fuel.
If the citizens of the world can have faith, and continue working together,
we will find water fuel for ourselves. At this point it should be clear that we are
on our own. Nobody is going to help us. Now lets get started!

II. Automotive Fuels

1. Fossil Fuels

Many people do not realize just how bad our current oil based fuels really are.
While it is not the intent of this book to bog you down in boring and depressing
statistics regarding the terrible nature of fossil fuels, their true sinister nature must
be known.
The fossil fuels normally used are gasoline, diesel, propane, methane, and
kerosene. You can run you car, cook your food, heat your home, or burn yourself
to death with any of these fuels. They are all similar in the way they produce their
heat. These are hydrocarbon fuels. Hydrocarbon fuels contain hydrogen linked to
a carbon atom or atoms. Heavier liquid hydrocarbon fuels contain more carbon
and more hydrogen than other fuels, making them more complex and more
powerful when used as a fuel.
The more complex hydrocarbon fuels are liquids. Liquefied hydrocarbon
fuels are the hardest to burn, and create the most pollution. The pollution comes
about when a fuel cannot be burned completely and the unburned parts of the fuel
are passed out into the air we breathe. For example, if you watch a large semi
truck take off from a stop light, you will see unburned fuel exiting the exhaust
pipe in the form of black smoke. That isn’t oxygen coming out of those large
stacks!
Out of all hydrocarbon fuels, diesel is the very worst. It is the smelliest,
hardest to burn and most polluting of all the others. In this day and age, we can no
longer classify diesel as a good practical fuel, not when it is so terribly damaging
to the environment.
Gasoline is better than diesel, but it still has a major problem. All
hydrocarbon fuels share the same problem. They remove clean oxygen from the
atmosphere and replace it with CO. Co is carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is
a clear odorless gas that is lethal to humans. It is emitted as a byproduct of fossil
fuel combustion.
Thanks to advances in catalytic converter technology, we are now
releasing less carbon monoxide from our vehicles. However, catalytic converters
will only work with gasoline, propane, methane, butane or alcohol run engines or
devices. Diesel combustion is so dirty that a standard catalytic converter cannot
be used. There again, diesel shows its self as one of the very worst fuels for our
environment.
Catalytic converters work by converting carbon monoxide and unburned
hydrocarbons into water and carbon dioxide. Catalytic converters do good at their
intended purpose of cutting down on Co emissions. But they do nothing to
prevent the main problem associated with fossil fuel combustion. The main
problem with all typical fuels is their dependence upon atmospheric oxygen.
When you run a car, you are continuously sucking in thousands of pounds of air
as you drive. Over the course of a year, you are removing thousands of pounds of
fresh clean oxygen from the air. Oxygen is the most important gas in our
atmosphere. Without it, humans would either perish, be forced to live in bio-
domes, or relocate to another planet. Oxygen is essential for our survival on Earth.
Yet, everyday we drive vehicles that consume copious quantities of life giving
oxygen. We should be ashamed of ourselves for this nonsensical behavior.
Fossil fuels can never be made perfect, because even if they are scrubbed
of all their polluting byproducts, they cannot be made to stop consuming oxygen
when they are burned. All fossil fuels consume oxygen from the atmosphere.
Oxygen is the most important gas in our atmosphere, so burning these fuels can
never be considered practical. We are consuming oxygen faster than the Earth can
replenish it naturally, as a result, we are slowly suffocating. Obviously this cannot
go on forever. A solution must be utilized, otherwise we will perish in our own
filth.
And now for the good news. There is a very easy to solution to the fossil
fuel problem. The solution has been starring us right in the face for hundreds of
years. There is a fuel here on earth today that is unlimited in its supply. This fuel
is everywhere around us. If you used it in you car, you would eliminate 99% of
the engine’s exhaust pollution. This fuel even carries its own oxygen, so it doesn’t
need to steal ours.
When you burn this fuel, the only byproduct is water (H2O). If we used
this fuel, you could say good bye to all the smog. You could say good bye to a
lack of oxygen, and to acid rain, and to awful smelly diesels. If we used this fuel
we could solve the world’s oil crisis once and for all.
It is time to introduce water fuel. Yes, water. Water is the worlds largest
carrier of hydrogen. Hydrogen is the most clean burning substance on the planet.
Nothing in the world can ever compare to the cleanliness, efficiency and
sustainability of water as a fuel. Water is the only fuel that has exactly the right
amount of oxygen and hydrogen already contained inside of it. When you use
water, you can produce the cleanest fire man has ever known.
The irony is that we use this same substance to quench the hottest fires.
Water is truly magic!
In the following chapters, we are going to evaluate the process of creating
and using water as a fuel. If you have never heard of this before, you are in for a
big surprise. This information could quite possibly change your entire notion of
reality! Hold onto your seat, you’re in for a ride.

2. Water Fuel
The term “water fuel” refers to any type of water that is used in a device designed
to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen and oxygen are flammable,
hence the name “water fuel.”
Hydrogen’s name actually comes from the Greek words “hydro” and
“genes” meaning “water” and “generator.”20
Unless you have studied water fuel extensively, then you might not
believe that such a thing exists. How could water possibly be a fuel? Is there
really such a thing? Or is water fuel just the stuff of amazing legends passed down
from generation to generation? Obviously water cannot burn. Water is used to
extinguish fires. So why then are you reading a book about water fuel?
The truth of the matter is that water is more of a fuel, and a better fuel than
any oil on earth. Water is H2O, which is two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen
atom bound together to form a molecule. The stoichiometric ratio for burning
hydrogen corresponds exactly to H2O. Hydrogen likes 2 parts hydrogen to 1 part
oxygen. If you remove the bond between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms, then
you release two elemental gases that are both pure, and purely flammable when
mixed together. These flammable gases contain a great deal of energy, more
energy than is required to extract them from the water, hence the name “water
fuel.”
If you have ever attended a public school, then you have surely been
taught that hydrogen and oxygen cannot be removed efficiently from water.
Scientists believe that huge amounts of electrical energy are needed to split water
into it’s component parts. Following this common knowledge, water is not really
a fuel at all. It cannot be a fuel because a fuel has free energy locked inside of it.
Fuels release more energy than they consume. Water doesn’t have any free energy
in it, so it must not be a fuel. At least this is what we are taught.
Unfortunately, in the area of water research, science has failed us. To the
contrary of public knowledge, water can be broken into hydrogen and oxygen
without consuming excessive electrical energy. The textbooks in school are based
on incorrect information. The knowledge of our teachers and scientists is wrong,
it has been proven wrong time and time again by working inventions, new math
formulas and new discoveries. In the field of water research, truth hides, and the
lies abound.
In the following chapters we are going to see why so much public
information is wrong. For now the most important part to grasp is that the word
“water fuel” is not an oxymoron. Nor is it a term created by a moron, or simply
the stuff of legends. Water fuel is as real as gasoline, diesel or propane. Water can
be made to burn just as easily as gasoline can be made to burn. In fact, the output
energy released from water can be up to 1700% more than the input energy.
Water then is not much different from any other fuel. The only real difference is
that water is free. It is this later part that is of great significance.
3. Fuel Comparisons

For the sake of going forwards, not backwards, this section is written with the
assumption that Stanley Meyer’s ideas will one day be used to create hydrogen on
demand directly from water. Water fuel is a real thing, it has already been
perfected. It may not be on the market, but that doesn’t mean we should turn a
blind eye and pretend it doesn’t exist.
The advantages of water fuel (HHO) over regular fossil fuels are so great
that there isn’t really a comparison to be drawn. Put quite simply, fossil fuels are
worthless. Water fuel is perfect. No argument could possibly exist about which
fuel is better. But just for laughs, let’s examine today’s fuels.
Water fuel is two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. Though,
depending on the water source and the type of electrolysis, you may be getting
other gases from the water as well. These other gases, such as nitrogen and argon,
may have dissolved into the water before it was put into the electrolytic water fuel
cell.21
Hydrogen likes to burn at a ratio of 2 parts hydrogen, and 1 part oxygen
(2:1). This is exactly the ratio of hydrogen and oxygen contained in water. Water
contains the exact stoichiometric mixture of two of the most perfect gases on
Earth. They are perfect because these gases do not contain any carbon, nor do
they produce carbon when they are burned. Hydrogen combustion is the cleanest
form of combustion on Earth. The only by product of hydrogen combustion is
H2O, more water!
Pound for pound, hydrogen has 3 times more energy than gasoline.22 One
pound of gasoline has 18,000 – 19,000 BTUs. One pound of hydrogen has 51,532
BTUs. One gallon of gasoline has 115,000 BTUs.23 One gallon water of water has
the equivalent of 47,770 BTUs.24
According to basic science, it would take about 2 ½ gallons of regular
water to match the BTUs in one gallon of gasoline.25
Theoretically speaking, water does not contain as much hydrogen energy
as gasoline for the same amount of liquid. However, real experience has shown
that pure hydrogen can propel a vehicle more efficiently than hydrocarbon fuel.
Hydrogen can be burned very lean, gasoline cannot. Speaking in a news interview
before his death, Stanley Meyer said his water powered car could travel from Los
Angeles to New York on 22 gallons of water.26 That would be about 2800 miles.27
Doing the math, that equals 127 MPG. According to Meyer, water equals 6.3
gallons of gasoline.28
Automotive Fuel Comparison

BTU's
Octane
Fuel Type: Per Additional Info:
Rating:
Gallon
Easy to store and transport. Too expensive, destroys the
Gasoline 115,000 86-94 planet and produces lethal fumes. Low octane. Auto
ignites at a very low and dangerous 495 degrees F.
Highest BTU's per volume. Long fuel range per tank.
Diesel 130,000 8-15 Smells terrible, diesel engines too loud, black smoke,
smog, acid rain, and soot.
60% less pollution than gasoline. Easier to store than
Propane 84,000 104 hydrogen. Can be used for many different things,
including cooking and home heating.
25% cleaner than gasoline. Renewable. Low BTU's per
Ethanol 80,000 100
volume. Destroys natural rubber.
Cleaner than propane, composed of mainly methane.
Natural Gas 38,000 120 Low BTU's per volume. Not good for long range
vehicles, high pressure storage tanks needed.
43.4 BTU's per gallon, when uncompressed. 1 gallon
Hydrogen Gas 0 PSI 43 130+
equals 0.13 cubic feet of gas.
At 5,000 PSI, 1 gallon of hydrogen weighs about 0.25
Hydrogen Gas 5000 PSI 12,883 130+
pounds.

Hydrogen Liquid 30,919 130+ Compressed and cooled to -253 Degrees C

Is 6 times more efficient than gasoline per gallon.


Hydrogen and oxygen released from water burn and
convert back into pure water. Zero pollution. Zero
oxygen depletion. The purified exhaust (H2O) can be
reused as fuel, drinking water, etc. Water is always free
Water Fuel (HHO) 48,000 130+ from lakes, streams, rain, snow, etc. Cleans the air
when it is burned. Acts a catalyst to help dirty fuels
burn cleaner and more thoroughly. Can be added to any
gasoline powered car with almost no modifications.
Hydrogen has the highest heat value per lb @ 52,000
BTU's Will not auto-ignite until above 1085 degrees F.
Water is easier to store, and has more energy than compressed hydrogen.
One gallon of water weighs 8.34 lbs, and is 14 times heavier than a gallon of
compressed liquefied hydrogen.29 One gallon of water contains 88.8% oxygen and
11.2% hydrogen by weight30. If you use water for fuel, then one gallon of water
contains 0.927 lbs of hydrogen, about 50% more hydrogen than a gallon of
liquefied hydrogen.31
The comparisons of fuels could go on for a lot longer, but they don’t need
to. Water fuel is a more efficient fuel than gasoline. Gasoline is poisonous,
carcinogenic and terribly polluting to the atmosphere when burned. Hydrogen is
clear, odorless and non-toxic.32 Burning hydrogen produces only by-product,
H2O.
Oxygen is beneficial to human life. But gasoline doesn’t contain it’s own
oxygen.33 Water fuel does. Gasoline can be dangerous to transport. Liquid water
is not. The list could go on and on. By this time, the benefits of water fuel should
be very apparent.

4. Hydrogen Supplementation

Gasoline and other fossil fuels are convenient to purchase, and they work very
well. They have been perfected for about 100 years now. So if we have to keep
these fuels around, that’s fine with me. But first they need to be cleaner and
cheaper. Driving a truck should not cost $120 for a week of driving. With prices
this high, people cannot afford to buy anything extra. It is hurting the economy.
Hydrogen just happens to be very good at improving gasoline combustion.
Hydrogen supplementation via an electrolytic water fuel cell, helps to boost fuel
economy while reducing pollution.
Studies have shown that HHO boosters (water fuel cells) boost fuel
economy in two different ways. HHO boosters create hydrogen from water, and
the hydrogen helps to break down the hydrocarbon fuels during combustion. The
fuels burn slightly faster because of the hydrogen, and this makes them burn more
completely, giving more power.
It has also been found that the bubbling water coming from an HHO
booster is extremely important. As the water droplets get drawn into the engine,
the engine also receives the benefits of water injection. Purely by accident, HHO
boosters produce hydrogen and water injection all at once. The realization of the
water injection coincidence was not properly understood until recently.
Hydrogen supplementation should be done with an HHO booster without a
water trap. As studies have shown, the standard HHO booster allows some water
to enter the engine, and this water improves fuel efficiency, while the hydrogen
helps to complete the hydrocarbon burning in the combustion chamber. Together,
hydrogen and water are able to significantly increase fuel efficiency.
It only takes a small amount of hydrogen and water vapor to improve fuel
economy. Even with ordinary dc voltage on a standard electrolysis cell, the total
fuel efficiency is raised. The current consumption and corresponding power loss
from driving the electrolysis seems to be unimportant. The efficiency gained from
injecting hydrogen and water into an engine outweigh the losses caused by
powering the water fuel cell.
Hydrogen injection works best on vehicles that can be retuned to optimal
settings. With higher levels of hydrogen, you can customize the fuel system to go
into a “leaner” fuel mode. This lean mode will save much more fuel than leaving
the vehicle with the stock 14.7 (or richer) ratio.
If adding hydrogen to normal fuel, without leaner out the fuel mixture, the
ignition timing may have to be retarded slightly with high levels of hydrogen.
High levels of hydrogen and high levels of gasoline will produce a very fast burn
rate. Without modifying the engine, only modest amounts of hydrogen should be
added.
In an ideal engine, the fuel injectors should be scaled back to provide a
lean fuel mixture, and timing readjusted to suite hydrogen injection. This cannot
be done unless you have a customizable computer, like Megasquirt.
HHO boosters increase gas mileage on stock vehicles because they spray
oxygen, hydrogen and water into the engine at the same time. This combination
works very well, though the science of it is not thoroughly studied. Stock vehicles
do not need modifications to take advantage of the hydrogen, though
modifications will yield an even greater increase in fuel mileage.

III. Making Water Fuel

1. Magic Water
It is pretty obvious that gas pumps don’t sell water fuel. Water fuel isn’t
something you will normally find. If you ask about water fuel, you will probably
get laughed at. In the future, people won’t laugh, but right now, water fuel isn’t
publicly acknowledged. The reason for this behavior is due to disinformation and
suppression. Scientists are still sticking to the notion that water should follow the
rules, and if it follows the rules, then it can’t possibly be a fuel.
To the surprise of many, water doesn’t follow the rules. It is actually a
very mysterious substance with qualities that can only be described as magical.
The way water behaves when you freeze it, when you heat it, or when you send
electricity through it, don’t really correspond to other related fluids.
Water is the only liquid that floats when you freeze it. The density of cold
ice is less than warm water. Warm water has more heat energy stored in it, but it
is still heavier than ice. This is not what science teaches us. Science teaches us
that heat creates molecular expansion, with a corresponding decrease in density.
Water breaks this rule completely. Ice is an aberration, it shouldn’t have the
physical properties that it does.
Water doesn’t like to change states at all. In order to boil water, you have
to expend a huge amount of energy. Compared to liquids of similar densities,
water can be heated with 5 times more energy without boiling. But how? It is
truly amazing. That is why water works so good at cooling things. It can absorb
tremendous heat in the process of being converted into steam. Nothing cools
better than water.
The water molecule begins breaking down into hydrogen and oxygen
naturally at about 6000 degrees Celsius, which is beyond the melting temperature
of steel. As such, liquid water cannot burn. It can be used to extinguish fires from
any type of fuel.
Electrolysis of water is not efficient for hydrogen production. Normal
electrolysis consumes too much energy to make water fuel a real possibility.
However, normal electrolysis can still be used for hydrogen supplementation
(HHO booster) systems.
When being used for hydrogen supplementation on an automotive engine,
the efficiency of electrolysis is not critical.
Stanley Meyer determined a way to fracture water using only ½ an amp of
electrical current. He was able to produce hydrogen at a rate that was 1700%
more efficient than Faraday’s equation allows. Since that time, many dozens of
people around the world have replicated Meyer’s designs with good success.
Water molecules can be made to fall apart if you push them into
resonance. The natural resonant frequency of water is 43,000 Hz, or 43 kHz. By
introducing high voltage, and high frequency dc voltage into a water bath, you
can improve electrolysis hydrogen output exponentially.
Water powered vehicles cannot reduce the Earth’s water. Hydrogen and
oxygen combine to form water when they burn. Water powered vehicles produce
more water continuously as they are driven. The water emitted from hydrogen
combustion can be recycled and used again to make more hydrogen.
Water powered cars are self filling because they are constantly making
more water. When science allows us to build a water powered car, we can set it up
in such a way that it never has to be refilled. All of the water you will ever need
could be regenerated or captured from the outside atmosphere as you drive.
Water is a form of free energy. Water is a fuel because it contains huge
amounts of potential energy that can be released with very little input energy.
Water could replace every fuel ever used on earth, including natural gas. Water
fuel makes our entire energy grid completely useless.

2. Electrolysis
Water is a storehouse of hydrogen and oxygen. So how do we get the hydrogen
and oxygen out of the water? One popular and very simple option is electrolysis.
There is a distinct reason why we find H2O everywhere in this galaxy, and
not H3O, or some other configuration. Oxygen binds to exactly 2 hydrogen atoms
because oxygen is in need of exactly 2 extra electrons. Oxygen has only 6
electrons in its 2nd electron shell, but it would prefer to have 8, as do all atoms.
Oxygen doesn’t need 3 hydrogen atoms or one hydrogen atom because it only
requires 2 in order to be complete. Hydrogen doesn’t need any help from anyone,
it is happy being bound to another hydrogen atom in the form of H2, but oxygen
is bigger and stronger, so it can steal away hydrogen atoms whenever it needs
them.
When hydrogen gives up its single negative electron to oxygen, the
hydrogen takes on a more positive charge because it is out of balance, while the
oxygen atom ends up with 2 extra electrons from two hydrogen atoms and takes
on a negative charge. Ironically, the hydrogen and oxygen atoms stick together
while at the same time incurring very opposite electrical charges. For this reason,
water is known as a bipolar molecule, because each molecule of water has two
oppositely charged poles. The hydrogen atoms are positive, while the oxygen
atom is negative. This unique property of water is what makes water stay together
the way it does; water molecules like to stick together.
The sharing of electrons between oxygen and hydrogen is known as a
covalent bond. This bond is the only real bond that brings oxygen and hydrogen
together because hydrogen has no real reason to stick around except to share its
single electron with oxygen. If you can remove the single electron from hydrogen,
then you can break the covalent bond and release the hydrogen from the heavier
oxygen atom. You can do this by passing electricity through a conductive water
bath. If you have enough electrical current, you can remove the electron from
hydrogen and break the covalent bonding. The ensuing breakdown of water
caused by the movement of electrons is known as electrolysis.
Electrolysis is not the best method of separating hydrogen and oxygen.
Current flow through water involves the consumption of electrical energy. The
electrical force tearing apart the water molecules also tends to heat up the water
bath quite noticeably, therefore energy is constantly being lost in the form of heat.
In the best electrolysis systems, more electrical energy is consumed than is
released as flammable hydrogen gas.
Even though standard electrolysis is not more than 100% efficient, and no
free energy can ever be created from an electrolysis water bath, it still has its
place. Electrolysis can be used on a car to produce supplemental hydrogen as the
vehicle is being driven. The resulting hydrogen can be used as a catalyst to the
standard fossil fuel combustion occurring in the engine. To the amazement of
many engineers and scientists, it has been found that even tiny amounts of
hydrogen can produce dramatic improvements in engine performance and
emissions. Obviously the inefficiency of electrolysis is overcome by the
beneficial effects of hydrogen when used as a catalyst to fossil fuel combustion.
Unfortunately the corporations in the world are intentionally withholding this
information, even while people die every day from air pollution and a lack of
oxygen.

3. Stanley Meyer – The Genius of Water

A water molecule could be considered a small magnet. It wants to stick to


anything that has an opposite charge, especially other water molecules. If you
notice, water sticks to water. It is obvious when you overfill a glass with water.
The water stays in the glass, even when it is filled past the top of the container.
Water is bound tightly together, so it does not want to fall apart.
If you look at a picture of the water molecule, half of the molecule
contains two hydrogen atoms bound to the oxygen atom. The hydrogen atoms are
both on the same side, and they are positively charged. The oxygen atom on the
opposite side is negatively charged.
Since opposites attract, then standard logic suggests that if you put a
negative electrical force near a water molecule, the hydrogen side of the water
molecule would be attracted over to it. Conversely, if you put a positive electrical
force near a water molecule, you would attract the oxygen side of the water
molecule. This assertion would be correct. However, it takes more than just a little
electrical attraction to pull apart the water molecule. The hydrogen is bound very
tightly to the oxygen atom, so it will take quite a bit of force to break the bond.
One way to break the covalent bond in H2O is to steal away the only
electron that hydrogen has to offer. If you can take away just one electron from
hydrogen, then it no longer has any reason to stick to the oxygen atom. This is
what happens in normal electrolysis.
Standard electrolysis involves the flow of electrons through a water bath.
Electrolysis does not work without making the water conductive because the
water must be able to flow electrical current (amps).
Stanley Meyer took the idea of electrolysis and threw it in the garbage. His
method of separating water was so much better, it almost sounds unbelievable.
Stanley Meyer’s processes would be the stuff of legends, except that he proved
operation of his fuel cell in front of hundreds of people, including the government
patent office.
Meyer separated water by physically pulling apart the hydrogen and
oxygen. He did this by using high voltage with almost no current consumption. In
one example on a video recording I found on the internet, Stan is shown running
an engine on about ½ an amp of electrical energy. The vehicle was only idling,
but the electrical power was obviously too low for science to explain. In order to
create that much energy with normal electrolysis, we would need a lot of amps,
perhaps 200 or more.
The method that Stan perfected was the result of applying scientific
principles of water and basic chemistry that have been overlooked. His genius
allowed him to do something that nobody else has ever done. He fractured water
without consuming amps!
He called his method of water separation, the “Electrical polarization
process.” In his process, a high voltage field was able to pull apart the water
molecule in regular tap water without any electrolyte. Stan’s process worked best
in pure water, without any chemicals added. Pure water is an insulator, it does not
conduct electricity.

The key to Stan Meyer’s success was his understanding of electricity and
chemistry. He combined the two forms of knowledge and applied it to water. By
putting cylindrical tubes tuned to a specific length and size into a water bath,
Meyer would then send high frequency high voltage pulses in from his own
special pulse generator. The result water bath was said to literally boil, though the
temperature never exceeded that of the ambient air. Quite simply, Stan Meyer
discovered how to release hydrogen from water for free, without the consumption
of any energy. His discovery could have changed the world forever. The energy
conspiracy that exists today effectively stopped Stan. Now he is dead. In the
following years, this person may be heralded as the most important person of this
century. Certainly his inventions could have eradicated all pollution, and could
have changed every aspect of our lives.
The inventions of Stan Meyer are complex, except for those people who
are experts in the field of chemistry and electronic circuits. The time will come
when Stan’s technology is spread to everyone and it is free to use, but that will be
a number of years in the future. For now, we can rest happy knowing that the
energy crisis is bullshit. We don’t need fossil fuels. Stan proved once and for all
that those big oil companies are lying their asses off.
It is ironic to know that peak oil is not a concern at all. We have an
unlimited source of free energy all around us, it is water. We have all the fuel we
will ever need. Gasoline prices continue to rise. All the while, we don’t even need
gasoline. We haven’t needed it for at least 60 years.

V. Water Injection

1. Water Equals Power

While everyone is currently talking about hydrogen, few people really understand
the benefits of regular water. Yes, plain water. No, not refined water, or fractured
water, or hydrogen, but just regular water.
Internal combustion engines work by exploding gasoline and air. The
explosive energy pushes the pistons inside the engine. To increase engine
performance, you have to increase the power of the explosions.
You can increase power by adding fuel, making an engine larger,
changing fuels, or increasing the engine RPM range. None of these options is
practical at all. Few people want to switch engines, or modify their engine
drastically to increase power. Worse yet, most modifications will reduce fuel
economy because fuel is equal to power.
By spraying a fine mist of water into the intake manifold on an engine,
you can increase power without changing any other variable.
Air expands when you heat it up, but water converted to steam expands
even more. Water is very dense, so when it hits the hot combustion chamber it
begins expanding. At the moment of combustion, water expands dramatically, by
about 500%, as it is turned to steam. This expansion helps to push the pistons
inside an engine.
While you cannot take a normal engine and run it on plain liquid water,
you can increase the power output dramatically with water injection.
Water injection effectively raises the octane of the fuel you are burning.
High octane fuel can produce more horsepower by resisting detonation.
Normal pump gas is prone to detonation. It is intolerant of high
compression ratios, supercharging, turbo charging, advanced ignition timing,
nitrous oxide injection, or high engine temperatures, the very things that add more
power and efficiency to an engine. Normal pump gas won’t work in a hot, high
compression engine, not without damaging the engine.
Gasoline normally burns in a smooth steady way inside an engine. This is
called deflagration. But, raise engine temperature and pressure, and instead of
burning smoothly, the fuel in the combustion chamber explodes violently with a
cataclysmic chain reaction. This is detonation.
Too much heat and pressure means a violent explosion. This violent
explosion can be heard as engine pinging. Anytime you have fuel that burns too
quickly, and the resulting engine pinging sound, it is called detonation.
Detonation is the enemy of engines, it can ruin everything in a matter of minutes
if left untreated.
The detonation limit of an engine is determined by the engine design, and
the type of fuel. Older engines had poor designs and would begin detonating very
easily, so they were tuned for very low power outputs. Today, we have more
technology that allows very small engines to avoid detonation, even while running
cheap fuel. Still, gasoline is limited by its octane rating. Higher octane fuel
(aviation gas, or race gas) can allow better fuel economy by raising the limit of
detonation. But high octane fuel is also more expensive.
The solution to high octane fuel is very simple. You can use water
injection instead!
In the Formula 1 turbocharged car era, one car company found water
injection so beneficial, they figured out a way to suspend water directly into the
gasoline. Acetone will mix with water, and acetone will also mix with gasoline, so
they mixed all three of these substances together, along with other additives, and
formulated a special water-gas. This fuel allowed a small 1.5L turbocharged
engine to run 50 PSI of turbo boost without detonation! It produced over 1000
HP!
In WWII, the USA developed water injection on its airplanes to increase
horsepower. The horsepower increase came because it allowed the airplanes to
increase their turbocharger boost pressures dramatically.
Aside from the fact that water is free, and highly beneficial, it also reduces
total fuel consumption dramatically on a high performance engine. All car engines
share the same problem. At full throttle, or high engine load conditions, such as
when towing, or going up a hill, your engine requires a rich fuel mixture. Most
cars on the road run between a 12.5 and 13.5:1 air/fuel ratio while accelerating or
running at full throttle. This slightly rich fuel mixture burns cooler, so it prevents
the fuel from detonating and destroying the engine.
If you add water injection to an engine, the air/fuel ratio is no longer
critical when the engine is under load. For example, you can run a 15:1 air/fuel
ratio at full throttle if you are using water injection. Turbocharged vehicles
normally run down to 11.5:1 at full throttle, even from the factory, which is very,
very rich. This fuel mixture is wasting a lot of fuel. Water injection can eliminate
the requirement for an overly rich fuel mixture.
Water has the unique property of having an extremely high latent heat
value. The latent heat of vaporization rating of a liquid, is the amount of energy
the liquid absorbs before turning into a vapor. Water can soak up 3 times more
energy than gasoline before turning into steam. Water moderates combustion
temperature and speed, thereby completely warding off detonation. Detonation
can only occur when pressures and temperatures rise too rapidly.
Water doesn’t lower engine performance, instead it just slows down the
rate at which the temperature and pressure increases inside the engine. The engine
efficiency is actually increased, because the water expands into steam, providing
additional power. Also the gasoline fuel to air ratio can be reduced drastically,
providing a further savings.
In reality, it is foolish to be spraying overpriced fuel into an engine to cool
it down. Water is free, and it provides a much better cooling affect than gasoline.
Water injection stops detonation completely if administered in the proper way, so
you don’t need to buy special fuel with a higher octane rating.
Water injection provides enough benefits as to be considered magic.
Again, water is truly a magical substance. Engines that utilize water injection are
free from carbon. Water injection removes 100% of all the carbon inside you
combustion chamber. Hot steam actually reacts with the carbon, chemically
dissolving it. Water injection can help engines that have high mileage and heavy
carbon build up.
Almost every new car on the road has a knock sensor that can detect
detonation inside an engine. On vehicles equipped with knock sensors, water
injection will get you better fuel economy. Water injection will eliminate engine
knocking completely, even with cheap fuel. In the absence of knock, the vehicle
computer will raise ignition timing, effectively raising engine efficiency and gas
mileage.
As an important note, it has been found that pre-vaporized water doesn’t
work. You cannot drive through the fog and get huge increases in performance.
Nor can you get the same benefits while driving on a moist day. Steam injection
doesn’t show the same benefits either. In order to make water to work its magic,
you need to spray fine droplets into the intake manifold. The droplets can neither
be too big or too small or they won’t work. In the next section, I will show you
the proper way to inject water
In summary, water injection can be used on any engine, but it will be most
noticeable on high performance engines that are prone to detonation. Any engine
that has a high compression ratio, a turbocharger, a supercharger, or any other
engine prone to detonation, should use water injection. Water injection reduces
the need for an overly rich fuel mixture. It can save you a bundle of money on
gas!

2. Methods of Water Injection

You can inject water on any engine, whether it is turbocharged, supercharged,


naturally aspirated, fuel injected or carbureted. Naturally aspirated, carbureted
engines are the easiest since you can use engine vacuum to draw in the water.
The key to water injection is getting the correct water droplet size, and the
correct amount of water. The first part is easy, while the later is totally
impossible.
Getting small water droplets is not hard at all. On a carbureted car, you
can rig up a small brass nozzle to fit inside the throat of you carburetor. When the
air speed increases, a vacuum will be created, and this vacuum will pull water out
of the nozzle. No pump will be needed on a carbureted engine. The amount of
water will be determined by the nozzle size and location. You will need to prevent
water from entering the carburetor when the engine is not running, so a flow
control valve of some type should be fitted. A simple one way check valve may
be enough to prevent water from siphoning into the carburetor by accident when
the engine is off.
Water injection is inherently very safe and will not damage your engine.
Water injection does not cause engine damage, even after long periods of use.
Engines that have been tested have shown perfectly normal cylinder wear after
several years of being injected with water.
Water injection actually prevents catastrophic engine failure caused by
detonation. With proper water injection, you can expect more power, while being
able to reduce total fuel consumption. You can reduce hot spots in the engine,
prevent piston damage, head gasket failure and engine overheating.
For siphon feed water injection systems, caution must be used to prevent
accidental water flow. If water flows into the cylinders when the engine is not
running, it could cause damage. Water does not compress, so an engine with too
much water in the cylinders will not turn over. If you try to start an engine that is
full of water, it could break a piston, the starter, or something else. Clearly, it is
vital that no water flows into an engine when it is not running.
A check valve or a flow control valve should be used on all water injection
systems to prevent water from being siphoned into the cylinders by accident. It is
important to keep the water reservoir lower than the nozzle at all times, otherwise
the water will naturally want to gravitate into the engine.
On early turbocharged engines, water was sprayed into the turbocharger.
This worked fine, and it improved engine performance. This method can be used,
but it will slowly erode the turbocharger impeller. It is not recommended, unless
you don’t care about the turbocharger. This method is no longer used.
On supercharged carbureted engines, you can use the method described
above for regular carbureted cars. There is no need for a special pump.
On fuel injected naturally aspirated cars, you can put a nozzle inside the
throttle body. The throttle body can act like a carburetor, sucking water without
any pump whatsoever. The narrow throat in the throttle body is a source of
negative pressure when the engine is at high RPMS. It is not considered a
common method, but water could be siphoned into the engine at some point inside
the throttle body. In this fashion, you could avoid using a pump. It would be
difficult to setup, since you would need to drill and tap the throttle body and insert
a nozzle in the side. But for a daily driver, this method would be the most
maintenance free and the most reliable, since you would not have any electrical
parts or switches.
The benefit of using engine vacuum to suck water into the engine is two
fold. First you avoid using a pump that draws electrical energy. Second, you avoid
pushing too much water into the engine at the wrong time. Electrical pumps do
not vary with engine speed, however the vacuum inside a carburetor or throttle
body does. As engine speed increases, carburetor or throttle body vacuum
increases. You can utilize this variable vacuum signal to control your water flow.
At low speeds, there is low vacuum, so no water will flow. With enough
experimentation, an automatic system of water injection could be implemented
without any special pumps or equipment. I have never done this myself, but it has
been done before.
And finally, for turbocharged and supercharged cars with fuel injection,
the best way to put water into the engine is with a high pressure electric pump.
You will need a fine misting nozzle designed for water injection. Any high
pressure misting nozzle that is designed for about 100 PSI will work fine.
Water is thicker than gasoline, so you’ll need higher pressures to achieve
the same type of atomization. Having 60 to 100 PSI should work well. Ideally,
you want to run the exact same pressure that the nozzle is rated for. At the very
least, you want to know exactly what your pressure and flow is going to be.
With siphon feed water injection systems, you will position you water
nozzle somewhere in the throttle body or in the carburetor. You can develop a
siphon feed system on any car that does not have boost pressure hitting the
throttle body or carburetor. Siphon feed systems are not common, so you are
pretty much on your own if you want to build one.
High pressure, pump driven, water injection systems can be used on any
engine, but they are required on turbocharged fuel injected engines, or any engine
that has pressure against the throttle body or carburetor. There is no source of
vacuum under full throttle conditions that can be utilized to draw in the water.
It’s easy to squirt water into an engine. Metering it properly is the hard
part. It is pretty much impossible to get the exact of water into your engine. Most
water injection systems are very crude. More advanced computer controlled
systems are available, but that doesn’t help much. The problem is that water
changes engine combustion drastically. Water injection causes such a drastic gain
in performance, you will have to change everything after you begin adding water.
As you make engine changes, you will need to change the amount of water. It
takes an incredible amount of tuning experience to figure out how much water
you really need. For the normal person, water flow calibration is just not possible.
We may not get the proper amount of water into our engine, but that’s ok.
Thousands of people have been injecting odd amounts of water for many years
with impressive results. Water injection will work fine, with or without expert
tuning. The key is that you don’t inject way too much water. Too much water can
damage the engine by reducing cylinder lubrication or in extreme cases, it can
cause a hydraulic lock and break the piston ring lands, or even bend the
connecting rods. This won’t happen if you just do some simple math before you
install a system.
If the engine power is known, then the amount of fuel can be estimated.
Once you have some idea of how much fuel you are using at full engine speed,
then you can calculate you water injection amount. Water injection decreases the
amount of fuel you need, so you will want to be careful not to go over board.
Studies have shown that you want 15 to 25% of your total fuel load to be water.
Beyond 25% water, it is said that there is not a lot of benefit.
For an engine that uses 500cc of fuel per minute, you will want a 125cc
water injection nozzle. Lower water pump pressures mean you need a bigger
nozzle, depending on the flow rating of the nozzle. Most nozzles are rated at 100
PSI, but your water pump may only output 70 PSI. Also, you need to subtract the
total boost pressure from the pump pressure. If you are running 20 PSI of boost in
your intake manifold, 70 PSI pump pressure becomes 50 PSI at the nozzle.
You should be careful not to activate the nozzle at low engine speed,
because you will be getting a lot more water than you need. Your nozzle should
kick on in the higher rpm ranges and only when the engine is under load.
For more information about water injection, you can visit RB Racing’s
website, http://www.rbracing-rsr.com. They have been using water injection for
more than 20 years and have gained quite a bit of experience.
In the end, water injection is an experimental process. It is not something
the car companies will help with. Fortunately, water injection is fairly forgiving.
It is better to have some water injection at high engine loads than none at all.

IV. Building a Water Fuel Cell

1. Electrolytic Cell Designs

And now for the part you have been waiting for all along. It is time to talk about
water fuel cell construction. Building your own hydrogen developing water fuel
cell is very easy. Water fuel cells are definitely not high tech nor do they have any
moving parts.
Replicating a water cell that is 1700% efficient will require a certain level
of expertise reserved for people like Stanley Meyer. His cell was mathematically
designed to exact specifications, and his electronic pulsing system took years of
development. For now, it is safe to assume that we cannot replicate the Stanley
Meyer system, nor do we need to. It only takes a little hydrogen to help fuel
economy, so we don’t need to spend the next 10 years developing a hydrogen
powered car. By the way, if you do happen to run your car on 100% water,
without any gasoline, like Stan Meyer did, you better be careful who you hangout
with. The fuel companies don’t like that stuff. There is a very real danger in trying
to eliminate a trillion dollar global energy industry overnight. I wouldn’t
recommend it.
For us normal people who don’t want to risk their lives copying Stan
Meyers designs, we can build a simple electrolysis cell with standard hardware
store parts. Our cell will not operate in a mode of over-unity; it will consume a lot
of electrical power, but that’s ok. To improve gas mileage, a regular brute force
electrolysis cell will work just fine. As it turns out, there is a lot of unused energy
in gasoline. Hydrogen can unlock free energy that would otherwise be lost. If we
strain our car’s electrical system a bit, that’s ok.
Regular electrolysis involves direct dc current. No special electric “black
boxes” or fancy gizmo’s are needed. You just need 4 to 6 plates of stainless steel
in a water bath. The inner plates are neutral plates, they are not hooked to any
wires. The plates on the outside get hooked up to battery voltage.
Because the water bath will have electrolyte (sodium hydroxide) in it, the
water conducts electricity. The voltage will jump between the plates even though
they are disconnected from everything else. By increasing the number of “neutral”
plates that are not hooked to power, you are reducing your voltage by about 2
volts per plate.
Electrolysis only takes about 2 volts. You don’t need a lot of volts,
because it is the current flow that actually does the work. Extra voltage just
increases heat output which can overheat and evaporate all of the water.
You want to aim for about 2 volts total between each plate. To get this
voltage, just divide the voltage by the number of plates. For example, if you are
using 24 volts for the input voltage, you will need 12 plates. If you are using 12
volts (about 14 volts on a car), you want to use 6 plates.
If you find that electrolysis is not going well, you can remove one of the
neutral plates. Do not remove more than 1 or 2 neutral plates because it is not
necessary and it will only create more heat. In all instances you will want to aim
for the lowest amount of heat in the water and a current draw of somewhere
between 20 and 55 amps depending upon the size of your cell. On small cars, you
want 20 to 30 amps, and on large heavy vehicles with powerful alternators, you
can go to 30 to 55 amps. Beyond that, you could risk draining your electrical
system unless you have a very high output alternator. At low engine speeds your
charging system may not be able to cope with the electrical load of the
electrolysis. You will have to experiment.

2. Construction

Hydrogen and oxygen gases will be made on demand. No extra pressure will be
allowed to build inside your cell because all of the gases will be vented directly to
your engine’s intake hose. Any normal plastic or stainless steel container will
work fine. You don’t need exotic materials. Acceptable containers include, black
water drain pipe, grey electrical conduit or any type of strong PVC pipe. After
determining the largest practical size of tube you can fit on your vehicle
(preferably under the hood), you will cut a section of pipe and find two end caps.
Soft rubber end caps work well. They are designed as plugs for water
drain pipe in houses. You can find these black rubber end caps at the local
hardware store. The benefit of these rubber end caps is their low pressure rating.
You want to build your cell to pop apart in the unlikely event you have a
combustion flash back. If hard plastic end caps are used on your cell, be careful
that you do not glue the top end cap on, otherwise it could make the cell
explosive.
A solid sealed container is not acceptable for making hydrogen, because
hydrogen is explosive, especially when mixed with oxygen. If you are using a
solid sealed container, you need to have a large cap that can blow off in the event
of a flash back. A flash back can occur when the hydrogen exit tube is exposed to
fire. The fire has the potential to travel back into the hydrogen cell causing an
explosion. Never use a glass container because glass containers are usually not
capable of withstanding a mild explosion. I’ve seen glass jars explode like a
grenade from only a little pressure. Plastic PVC pipe will handle a lot of pressure,
and the ends should blow off long before the pipe explodes. A plastic pop bottle
will not explode until well beyond 135 PSI. Plastic is very strong. For the ultimate
safety, use PVC pipe that is rated for high pressure, not thin stuff. Make sure the
ends are fitted with Teflon putty, or some other liquid sealant that doesn’t hard. A
good sealant to use is liquid pipe thread compound with Teflon. Liquid thread
compound can seal just about anything, but it never hardens.
You want to build 4” x 9” plates, or 3 x 7” plates depending on how much
room you have. You want the biggest plates you can get, but you also want the
cell to be a practical size. You want to design the cell so when the water boils into
hydrogen, there is sufficient liquid to cover the cells. Plates that are 9” tall will
not work in a 10” container. When the liquid boils into hydrogen, the plates will
not be submerged, so the cell output will not remain consistent. You want to
achieve good consistent results, so the plates should always be submerged.
Building the cell large and using small plates is a good idea. In this fashion, you
can avoid overheating your cell. Build it as tall as you can to make it practical.
Position your plates at the bottom of your cell so they are always
submerged. For the wires running to the plates, keep them covered in shrink wrap
so they cannot react and dissolve over time. You will want to use stainless steel
wire, or stainless steel rods instead of wire to connect to the plates.
For the plates themselves, you will want to use clean, unpainted stainless
steel. Do not use mild steel, aluminum, brass or galvanized metals because they
will react with the chemicals and they will break down very quickly. It isn’t even
worth building a cell unless you are using stainless steel. Any type of 304, 306 or
similar stainless can be used, but 316L seems to be the best.34
The plates can be cut by a metal store. Most metal suppliers have the
ability to shear metal nice and clean. They can cut little squares for you. It will be
expensive to have them cut it for you, but it will save a lot of trouble. After you
have your 6 or 12 plates made, either 3” x 7” or something similar, you can begin
drilling holes. You will want to set the plates together, and clamp them all into a
vice, so they are perfectly aligned. Now you will drill 4 holes, one in each corner.
At the local hardware store, or nearest model aircraft parts store, you should be
able to find 1/8” plastic bolts and nuts. You will use these bolts and nuts to
assemble your cell. Between each plate, stick an 1/8” plastic nut or 3 plastic
washers for spacing. You want to be sure that your plates have adequate room for
water to flow between them. Plates should be stacked so they are in vertical rows,
not horizontally. By being vertical, the hydrogen gas bubbles can escape the water
bath. Putting the plates too close together means you are risking electrical
disaster. You want to the cell to be resistant to shock and damage.
Once the plates are all bolted together, you are going to find a way to
mount the plates inside your container. The best thing to do is mount everything
to the top cap, and then slide it on. You can glue the bottom cap on so it does not
leak electrolyte. Just don’t glue the top cap on, as you will need a way to
disassemble your cell for inspection and repair later on if necessary.
You can use long stainless steel threaded rods to hold the plates to the top
cap. The threaded rods can be used as the positive and negative signal wires. Be
sure to cover the threaded rods before you bolt it altogether. Use shrink wrap on
them to prevent them from coming in contact with the electrolyte.
There are hundreds of ways to build a cell. The important thing is that you
build it sturdy. You do not want any loose connections. Loose connections mean
sparks, and sparks can lead to an explosion. You should put thread locker on
every electrical bolt. Otherwise use two nuts or a lock nut that cannot come loose.
For the plastic bolts holding the cell together, you can simply superglue the plastic
nuts and they will never fall apart. You will want the metal plates and connecting
wires to be permanently attached with no possibility of them falling apart. Do
everything you can to make your cell sturdy.
When you are done putting you cell together, fill it up with distilled water,
leaving 1” of clearance at the top for the bubbles. Start off with the least amount
of electrolyte you can, and slowly increase it until you notice the water getting
very warm after 20 minutes. You’ll know you have too much electrolyte when the
water gets hot. Hot water evaporates, so you’ll be producing more steam vapor
than hydrogen.
3. Operation
Different substances work better as electrolytes than others. Sodium hydroxide
(lye) has been found to work better than just about any other substance and it is
easy to buy. Drain cleaner contains sodium hydroxide. If you are lucky, you can
find pure lye. But if you can’t find pure lye, that’s ok. The additives in cheap
drain cleaner shouldn’t cause much of a problem, but you will need to experiment
first to be sure. Foaming of the water bath means the solvent is not acceptable.
Discoloration of the water, or the creation of solid chunks in the water means that
something is wrong, and you’ll need a different solvent.
Baking soda has been tried by many people, but it is not recommended. It
is said to create too much heat and lower the cell’s efficiency. Table salt (NaCl)
creates chlorine gas, and that is very hazardous to health. It is also not nearly as
efficient as lye.
Hydrogen flashbacks will not occur if you use a flash back arrestor. In this
case, a water bubbler can be used to separate the water fuel cell from the
hydrogen output hose. In addition to a bubbler, you will want to keep the
hydrogen output hose on the outside of your throttle body. In this way, a backfire
should not be allowed to contact the hydrogen output hose.
You do not want to put the hydrogen output hose anywhere on your intake
manifold; this could lead to your engine filling up with hydrogen before it is
started. It could lead to a dangerous backfire. Always position the hydrogen
output hose somewhere on the rubber intake hose, or inside you air box. The
farther away from the intake manifold you are, the more the hydrogen and oxygen
can mix with the intake air before entering the cylinders, this should lead to better
performance.
On most cells, an increase in efficiency can be realized with the use of a
pulse generator, but that increases difficulty. For now, we are going to focus on
the cell design only. Pulse generators are a separate subject, and they involve an
advanced understanding of electrical circuits. They will not be covered here. But
if you do know how to build a pulse generator, it can be used on a regular
electrolysis cell to enhance efficiency.
You will want to attach a large high amperage relay to your water cell.
You can hook it up directly to a toggle switch, but you could damage the toggle
switch by sending too many amps through it. A 50 – 100 amp circuit breaker or a
fuse is recommended. You can use a circuit breaker off a new car, many cars in
the junkyard can be found with high amp circuit breakers. Just take one out of the
fuse box and rig up some wires to it. The good thing is that circuit breakers are
resettable if you do encounter a problem.
Initially you will want to test your cell with your engine turned off. You
want to figure out how much hydrogen you are making and how many amps you
are drawing. You should shoot for 30 amps or less for a small cell, and up to 55
amps for a large cell. Keep in mind that the upper limit is going to be determined
by the amount of heat you are creating. Too much heat means you need to use less
electrolyte. Test the cell over a period of 20 minutes or longer to determine if it
overheats. If the water is too hot to touch, that is too hot. You can touch the side
of the container to get a good estimate of how hot it is. Reduce electrolyte until
you are creating hydrogen without excessive heat.
The best way to test the output is to use a balloon strapped to the end of
the hydrogen output hose. Stick the balloon under water, in a container of water.
As the hydrogen fills the balloon, the balloon will displace the water, and the level
of the water will rise in the container. The amount of water that is displaced is the
amount of hydrogen and oxygen you are making.
If you find that your cell is becoming too hot too quickly, or simply
drawing too many amps for the charging system, simply reduce the amount of
electrolyte in the water. You can do this by removing some of the liquid in the
cell and replacing it with plain distilled water. Also, be sure you are using distilled
water, or purified tap water, because iron, chlorine and other impurities can
increase current draw more than is intended, creating more heat.
Congratulations! You are making HHO! If you got this far, then you
probably have a working cell. If you do, then you are ready to start saving gas. In
the next section we will review test data that has been collected on HHO boosted
gasoline vehicles. After that we will review some advanced principles of engine
operation that are important to understand if you want to get maximum engine
performance.

VI. Improving Gas Mileage

1. Air/Fuel Mixtures
For the few of us with emissions exempt vehicles, there is good news. We can
save gas, even without adding hydrogen, by simply leaning out the fuel mixture.
Using a wideband exhaust oxygen meter to measure air/fuel ratios, we can adjust
the fuel mixture to 15:1 to 16.5:1 under steady state, light load conditions, such as
when cruising on the highway. This mixture has the potential for much better fuel
mileage as compared to the normal 14.7:1 ratio.
When you exceed 17:1 air/fuel, gasoline provides poor combustion and
poor engine performance.35 At this lean ratio, gasoline does not burn fast enough,
or hot enough; as a result, most engines will run rough with a dramatic decline in
power output. If you use hydrogen supplementation, you should be able to go
beyond the 18:1 threshold under very light throttle situations, such as when
cruising at low speed in top gear.
Tuning a car to run extra lean is not something that every person can do.
Because few people have actually put hydrogen boosted cars on a dyno, you are
on your own when it comes to tuning. There is no magic formula to make your
particular engine run perfect. You should tune by using an EGT meter, a
wideband meter and a good ear. Beyond that, you will need lots of patience. With
a stand alone management system, you should be able to reduce the total fuel
requirements dramatically with hydrogen supplementation.

2. Exhaust Gas Temperature – EGT


If adding hydrogen or just modifying your stock engine, an exhaust gas
temperature gauge is the only way to monitor combustion temperatures. If you are
trying to add a lot of hydrogen, or converting to a different fuel, you will need an
EGT gauge to prevent engine damage.
Peak EGT occurs near the stoichiometric setting of 14.7:1 air/fuel ratio for
gasoline.36 One method of tuning for hydrogen injection would be to measure the
EGT on the engine before adding hydrogen. After adding hydrogen, try to keep
the EGT the same as it was before. EGT gauges can be purchased from Summit
Racing, or Jegs. I have found that Autometer makes a very rugged gauge and
EGT sensor kit.
EGT sensors can be used anywhere on the exhaust stream, but the closer
to the exhaust valve, the better. The problem is, at low engine speeds, heat is lost
into the exhaust manifold. If you put your EGT sensor down near your muffler,
you will not be getting the same temperature reading that your exhaust valve is
actually seeing. You want to keep your sensor within a few inches of your exhaust
valve. The best thing to do is drill and tap a 1/8” NPT hole in the side of the
exhaust manifold at the thickest point, somewhere where it won’t damage the
manifold, and this hole should be on one of the exhaust runners. You only need to
pull exhaust temperature from one cylinder. The most important thing is getting
the sensor as close to the exhaust valve as possible. The EGT gauge will react
instantly to changes in the exhaust temperature. It is a very accurate and easy to
gauge to use, however it only works properly if you are keep it close to the
exhaust valve.37
To tune for hydrogen, you will try to tune so your EGTs register the same
as they did before you added hydrogen. This applies to a pure hydrogen vehicle,
or a regular gasoline vehicle that is simply augmented with hydrogen injection.
EGTs temps are critical because engines cannot physically handle extremely high
combustion temperatures. Exhaust valves can be damaged, and pistons can
actually melt if you are running high power output with EGTs above 1330F for
sustained periods.38

According to the Simple Digital Systems website,

“Some gauge manufacturers say you should tune to achieve maximum or


peak EGT for maximum performance. This is incorrect. Peak EGT
generally occurs at an AFR of around 14.7- 15.0 to 1 on gasoline. This is far
too lean for maximum power and is dangerous under continuous WOT
conditions. Many people think that the leaner you go, the higher the EGT
gets. This is also incorrect. Peak EGT occurs at stoichiometry - about 15 to 1
for our purposes. If you go richer than 15 to 1, EGT will drop and if you go
leaner than 15 to 1 EGT will ALSO drop. It is VERY important to know
which side of peak EGT you are on before making adjustments. It is safe to
say that peak power will occur at an EGT somewhat colder than peak
EGT.” 39

When cruising you will want to stay around 1100F. To be safe, always
stay below 1450 F degrees under full throttle conditions. On my vehicle, I get
maximum power at about 1450F degrees with a turbocharger and a 12.5:1 air/fuel
ratio. My sensor is located 1” away from the cylinder head, directly threaded into
the exhaust manifold, on the #4 exhaust runner.
Higher EGTs mean you are not running enough fuel. Higher EGTs could
also indicate an overly retarded ignition timing setting. If you keep everything the
same, and simply advance ignition timing, you should see the EGTs begin to
drop, as more heat is retained inside the engine, and less heat is able to escape in
the exhaust stream. At engine idle, the EGT gauge is very useful for setting the
ignition timing, but not the fuel mixture. My idle EGT dropped from 1000F, down
to 650F by changing only the ignition timing. I went from 12 degrees BTDC, to
32 degrees BTDC, while retaining the same 13.0:1 air/fuel ratio.
3. Wideband Oxygen Sensors

A wideband fuel mixture meter consists of an oxygen sensor and a gauge.


Wideband fuel mixture meters are the hottest trend in engine tuning. They used to
be so expensive that nobody could afford them, except special engine shops. But
now, priced at $250, they are more affordable.
If you plan on doing any engine tuning at all, you absolutely have to have
a wideband oxygen sensor kit. There is no reason to risk damaging your engine
from over lean or over rich fuel mixtures.
The largest and best manufacturers of wideband fuel mixture meters are
AEM and Innovate Motorsports. AEM has something called a UEGO kit, with a
digital gauge and Bosch O2 sensor. It is cheaper than the LC-1 gauge and sensor
kit offered by Innovate, and more reliable too. The LC-1 is claimed to be more
accurate, but the LC-1 has been known to malfunction time and time again for no
apparent reason. My own LC-1 died after about 4 minutes of use. I bought an
AEM and I haven’t looked back. Both the AEM and the LC-1 have an auxiliary
output wire that you can use to feed a simulated narrow band oxygen sensor
voltage to the stock ECU. This is essential if you are driving a stock vehicle.
Otherwise you can use the auxiliary output wire to record the fuel mixture on a
lap top as you drive. This is known as data-logging. By data-logging your fuel
mixture, you can monitor it later when the vehicle is off and make small
adjustments to the engine if necessary. When choosing a wideband meter, check
first to see that it has an auxiliary output.
If you are starting from scratch and have no baseline air fuel ratios, you
can simply setup your engine as follows. On normal gasoline car engines, without
any fuel additives, you will want to aim for a 12.5:1 air/fuel with a turbocharged
or supercharged engine at full boost, 12.5:1 – 13.5:1 air/fuel without boost at full
throttle and 14.7 to 16.5 at light throttle cruise. Never go below 12.5:1 air/fuel
because you will be sending a lot of unburned fuel out of your exhaust, creating
more pollution, wasting money, and lowering power. If you are getting detonation
with a 12.5:1 air/fuel ratio, it means you need water injection, decreased
(retarded) ignition timing, less boost, an intercooler, or higher octane fuel.

4. Modifying the Stock Oxygen Sensor


On stock cars, we are limited by the stock computer and narrow band oxygen
sensor arrangement. Some new cars even have more accurate wide band oxygen
meters that keep things regulated more strictly than ever before. Changing the fuel
mixture on a normal computerized car is difficult. It involves tricking the ECU, or
the oxygen sensor its self. Fortunately there is a way to do it. One way is to hook
up voltage to the oxygen sensor’s main + wire. On a one wire oxygen sensor, you
would hook up a positive voltage to the single wire. One a 4 wire oxygen sensor,
two of the wires are for the heating element, and only one wire is a positive wire
for the signal. You will need to determine which wire that is. This applies for 2
and 3 wire sensors as well.
Oxygen sensors only run within a very narrow range, about .20 to .80 volts
normally. You will want to raise the voltage at the sensor to trick the computer
into thinking your engine is running rich. Rich fuel mixtures make the sensor
produce more voltage, while lower voltages indicate a lean condition. The engine
computer constantly monitors sensor voltage and changes the fuel mixture slightly
depending on the average reading. You cannot disconnect the oxygen sensor
because the computer may go into a “default” mode. In a “default” mode, the
computer will run overly rich as a safety precaution. This will obviously result in
getting worse fuel economy than ever before, with or without hydrogen
supplementation.
In order to raise oxygen sensor voltage, you will want to send about .20
millivolts to the sensor, while leaving all of the stock wires hooked in their
original locations. You do NOT want to disconnect the oxygen sensor for the
reason mentioned above. By adding .20 millivolts to the sensor’s positive wire,
you will make the computer believe the fuel mixture is rich and the computer will
scale back fuel. You can experiment with more or less voltages, though this may
not work at all on certain vehicles. Some vehicles will find a computer fault if the
oxygen sensor doesn’t seem to be putting out the correct voltage, and this could
also send the computer into a “default” fuel mode, bypassing the oxygen sensor
altogether.
Oxygen sensors on new cars are best left alone because they are very
picky. However, if your HHO booster is not showing increases in fuel economy,
then there is no other choice but to modify the oxygen sensor. If adding a tiny
fraction of voltage doesn’t change the fuel mileage, then the oxygen sensor could
actually be bad. Oxygen sensors do go bad, so it is best to start all your tests with
a fresh oxygen sensor that is providing the proper voltage output to begin with.

5. Modifying the Air Temperature Sensor


Because warm air has less oxygen than cold air, your computer controlled vehicle
has an air temperature sensor somewhere on the intake manifold, air box, or
intake hose. If changing the oxygen sensor doesn’t work and you are still not
getting the fuel economy that you would like while using an HHO booster, then
there is one final solution. You can alter the intake air temperature sensor signal.
The engine coolant sensor determines when the engine is up to operating
temperature. If you modify your coolant sensor, you can only make the engine run
rich. Engines that are cold run rich until they warm up. Stay away from the
coolant temperature sensor on all vehicles.
You can modify the air temperature sensor because the engine will not get
confused by doing so. Modifying the air temperature sensor merely offsets the
fuel mixture ever so slightly.
To modify your air temperature sensor, you need to disconnect the sensor,
and measure the resistance of the sensor with an ohms meter. The sensor may
return 5000 ohms, or something like that. Write the temperature down, and the
resistance. Take the sensor and put it in the sun for several minutes until it is very
warm to the touch. Now measure the resistance again. It should have change
dramatically. Write the resistance number down. Now go find a resistor that has
this same rating. You can buy a ¼ watt resistor from your favorite electronics
vendor. Even better, you can buy a variable resistor (potentiometer). Now, adjust
the potentiometer, or solder in your resistor in place of the original air temp
sensor. You should try to avoid cutting wires where possible. You might be able
to make a quick adapter plug to avoid ruining the factory wiring harness.
Improvising will be necessary here.
For the times when you want maximum power, you can also trick the air
temp sensor into believing it is colder than it actually is. Vehicle computers are
designed to inject more fuel when the air is cold outside. This modification
shouldn’t be needed as most factory vehicles already run on the rich side.
Oxygen sensor and coolant sensor experimentation will be necessary to
get the best fuel mileage, but you shouldn’t need to do either. HHO should help,
and if it doesn’t, there is one last thing you can try. Acetone has been known to
improve fuel economy. If nothing else works, give this a shot.
If you are still not happy with your vehicle after many hours of work, it is
time for a new vehicle. Gas is too expensive to be driving a vehicle that wastes
fuel! Small cars are cheap, and they make good transportation. There is no reason
to suffer.
Afterword
My gratitude goes out to everyone who reads this material.
Clearly, water fuel hasn’t reached widespread acceptance, and until it
does, there will be many unanswered questions.
On our own test vehicle, we have many hundreds of miles left in order to
test and evaluate the processes of hydrogen injection. Time will yield more
useable information. But for now, we have to work with what we have.
The best thing we can do today, is try to help each other. Together we
should be able to fight the bastards who keep raising prices on energy. If we each
keep working together for the same purpose, we should find beautiful light at the
end of the tunnel. That beautiful light is plentiful, clean and abundant water fuel
for everyone. I hope I’ve done my part in contributing. Good luck, and God
speed.

Copyright © 2008 by Charles Seiler


Appendix

1 Gas prices are budget buster for many, Barbara Hagenbaugh, USA TODAY, retrieved 4, July,
2008 from, http://www.usatoday.com/money/economy/2007-06-04-gasoline-low-income-
usat_n.htm

2 Gas prices hurting economy, Britt Godshalk, Capital News 9, 07/02/2008, retrieved 4, July,
2008 from, http://capitalnews9.com/default.aspx?ArID=119277

3 The Birth of New Technology, Water Fuel Cell Technical Brief, Stanley A. Meyer, 1995.
Section 4. Also see Meyer patents #4,389,981 & 4,936, 961.

4 Peak Oil Crisis - Prepare to Survive! 2005 W. Tim Giles, retrieved 4-July, 2008 from,
http://www.3k88.com/

5 The Birth of New Technology, Water Fuel Cell Technical Brief, Stanley A. Meyer, 1995.
Section 1 through 11. See accompanying patents.

6 The World of Free Energy by Peter Lindemann, D. Sc. Retrieved 4-July, 2008, from,
http://www.spiritofmaat.com/archive/feb2/lindemnn.htm

7 WE WENT TO WAR FOR THE OIL COMPANIES” Kucinich Tells Congress, Submitted by
davidswanson on Thu, 2008-06-26. Retrieved on 4, July, 2008 from,
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/node/34371

8 Oil is NOT a Fossil Fuel – It is Abiotic, By Jerry Mazza, Online Journal Contributing Writer
9-29-5, retrieved 4-July, 2008 from, http://www.rense.com/general67/oils.htm

9 DEBUNKING MAINSTREAM MEDIA'S LIES ABOUT OIL, By Dale Allen Pfeiffer – From
the Wilderness, Contributing Editor for Energy, 04.29.2003, retrieved 4-July, 2008 from,
http://www.fromthewilderness.com/free/ww3/042903_media_lies.html

10 Environmental Protection Agency, Light-Duty Automotive Technology and Fuel Economy


Trends Through 1996, EPA/AA/TDSG/96-01, (Ann Arbor MI-August 1996), Table 1. Retrieved
4-July, 2008 from, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/25opec/sld011.htm

11 Egil Juliussen et al., "Computer Industry Overview," Computer Industry Almanac, p. 10, 1987
& Egil Juliussen et al., "Product Trends," Computer Industry Almanac, p. 282, 1987. Retrieved 4-
July, 2008, from, http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=42040.42093

12 Gasoline fuel system principles, Stoichiometric ratio, retrieved 4-July, 2008, from,
http://moodle.student.cnwl.ac.uk/moodledata_shared/CDX%20eTextbook/dswmedia/fuelSys/gaso
line/fund/stoichiometricratio.html
13 Hydrogen-Enhanced Combustion Engine Could Improve Gasoline Fuel Economy by 20% to
30%, Nov, 5, 2005. Retrieved on 4-July, 2008, from,
http://www.greencarcongress.com/2005/11/hydrogenenhance.html

14 Gasoline Fuels, Basic Information, U.S. Environment Protection Agency, June 11, 2007.
Retrieved on 4-July, 2008 from, http://www.epa.gov/otaq/gasoline/information.htm

15 Nitrogen oxide, retrieved 4-July, 2008, from, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen_oxide

16 Adjustable Map Sensor article. Image shown at bottom of page. The original image source is
not given. Retrieved 6-July, 2008, from, http://go.jeep-xj.info/HowtoMAPsensor.htm

17 Tune In, Turn On, and Make Power, By Jeff Smith. Retrieved on 4-July, 2008 from,
http://www.car.craft.com/techarticles/116_0402_innovate_air_fuel_ratio_meter/index.html

18 The Birth of New Technology - Water Fuel Cell Technical Brief by Stanley A. Meyer, 1995.
Section 1 through 11. See accompanying patents.

19 The Star Online - Scientist claims to have cracked water-fuel secret. 6-Aug, 2006. Retrieved 7-
July, 2008, from,
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/8/16/nation/15153258&sec=nation

20 Hydrogen Fact Sheet, page 1., right column. Retrieved 5-July, 2008, from,
http://www.getenergysmart.org/files/schools/hydrogen/4thebasicsofhydrogen.pdf

21 Stanley Meyer: Water Electrolysis -- US Patent # 4936961 -- Method for Production of Fuel
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22 Hydrogen: Hot Stuff – Cool Science, Rex A. Ewing, Copyright 2007. Pg. 110, bottom of page.

23 Hydrogen Fact Sheet, page 3., bottom of page. Retrieved 5-July, 2008, from,
http://www.getenergysmart.org/files/schools/hydrogen/4thebasicsofhydrogen.pdf

24 Done by multiplying 0.927 lbs of hydrogen (the amount in 1 gallon of regular water) by
52,532, the number of BTUs in a pound of hydrogen.

25 For this, 47,770 BTUs of hydrogen in one gallon of water, are divided into 115,000 BTUs in
one gallon of gasoline. It would take 2.407 gallons of water to equal the same BTUs of gasoline.

26 You Tube Video - Water Car Inventor Murdered! Posted by jbrancoiii. Retrieved on 5-July,
2008, from, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCwU48T61rM&feature=related

27 WikiAnswers – How far is Los Angeles from New York. Retrieved on 5-July, 2008, from
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_far_is_Los_Angeles_from_New_York
28 Using the EPA average of 20.2 MPG for 2007 model year light duty passenger vehicles. Divide
2800 miles by 20.2 mpg, to give 138.61 gallons. 138.61 divided by 22 gallons is about 6.30. It
takes an average of 6.30 times more gasoline than it does water, to travel 2800 miles, the distance
from Los Angeles to New York.

29 WikiAnswers – How much does a gallon of hydrogen weigh? Posted by JEK. Retrieved on 5-
July, 2008, from,
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_much_does_a_gallon_of_liquid_hydrogen_weigh

30 Hydrogen: Hot Stuff – Cool Science, Rex A. Ewing, Copyright 2007. Pg. 99, 2nd paragraph.

31 WikiAnswers – How much hydrogen is in one gallon of water?


http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_much_hydrogen_is_in_one_gallon_of_water

32 Hydrogen Fact Sheet, page 3., bottom of page. Retrieved 5-July, 2008, from,
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