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Engineering plastics

for the E  / E industry


Products, applications,
typical values
2
BASF’s engineering plastics with flame-retardant
properties
04 

Ultramid® (PA)
05 -   09
Ultradur® (PBT)
 10  - 11
Ultrason® (PSU, PESU)
 12
Overview: Engineering plastics and their applications
 14     - 15
Range chart – Typical values
 16  -   23
BASF’s engineering plastics with
flame-retardant properties

Plastics used in electrical applications have to show


excellent electrical performance, good mechanical
properties as well as high dimensional stability under
heat. In daily operation, they have to guarantee insu-
lation and therefore secure handling. They have to
reduce fire risk in the event of an electrical defect or
exposure to external sources of ignition. With a lot of
applications, the plastic is used for designing the ex-
terior as well. This is why design requirements e. g.
for surface quality, haptics, and colors become more
and more important.

Travel adapter

4
Ultramid® ( PA )

Cordless hammer drill

Ultramid® (PA: polyamide) has good electrical insulation


properties, useful sliding friction performance, and excel-
lent mechanical strength. It is available in a wide range of
flame-retardant grades, and is therefore used in almost
every sector of industrial control units, connection technology,
electronics as well as in household appliances.

Switchgear

Control unit

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Ultramid® ( PA )

Fire-proofed
PA with halogen 275
with halogen

A3X2G5 600

Fire-proofed
with red phosphorus

B3UG4 550

Fire-proofed
C3U 600
with minerals

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700
V0F4 CTI

Fig. 1: NF X 10-702 smoke density after four minutes Fig. 2: IEC 112 tracking resistance of flame-retardant poly-
amides

The fundamental chemical structure of polyamides makes


them highly suitable for use with halogen-free flame retar-
dants. Ultramid® compounds mainly use halogen-free flame
retardants, giving extremely low smoke density and smoke
toxicity in the event of a fire ( Fig. 1). This becomes more and
more important, e. g. in material specifications for rail vehi-
cles, aircraft, and public buildings. Flame-retardant Ultramid
grades are particularly successful in complying with these
more stringent requirements. Values for tracking resistance
also compare favorably with those of halogen-containing
flame-protection systems ( Fig. 2 ).

Sensor

6
The Ultramid® grades A3X2G5, A3X2G7, A3X2G10, A3X4G7, For connection technology in solar installations, a suitable
A3XZG5, and Ultramid T KR 4365 G5 combine excellent plastic is Ultramid A3XZG5 with its excellent impact resistance
mechanical and tribological properties with high tracking extending to low temperatures, easily passing the UL  1703
resistance and good fire performance. The products can be cold-impact test (steel ball drop test ) at -35 °C.
easily and cost-efficiently processed. They show the best
flame-retardant additive stability in their material class. E. g.
in control units, this guarantees a constantly high level of The high stiffness of Ultramid A3X2G7 makes it particularly
security as far as the electrical functions are concerned. suitable for plug connectors in photovoltaic systems: very slim
plugs can be designed which nevertheless comply with the
stringent requirements.
They are a preferred material for many electrical engineering
applications: They are most often used in industrial switch-
gear and automation. The A3X grades are also the materials
of choice for automotive engineering applications where fire
protection is required.

Ultramid A3X2G5, A3X2G7, and A3XZG5 also comply with


UL 94 5VA and are UL-listed for outdoor applications (  f1 ) –
both of these being essential preconditions for use in photo-
voltaic applications.

Photovoltaic box

Generator part Photovoltaic connectors 7


Ultramid® ( PA )

Because of its high melting point at 295  °C, Ultramid® T KR Ultramid A3U40G5 has a halogen-free flame-retardant sys-
4365 G5 ( PA  6  /  6T GF25 FR  ) is a semi-aromatic material tem newly developed for electrical applications, achieving
suitable for applications like modern soldering processes UL 94 class V-0 even at 0.4  mm and passing the GWIT
using lead-free solder at high temperatures. 775  °C glow-wire test. It shows good mechanical perfor-
mance together with exceptional fire protection and elec-
trical properties. It can be produced in a wide variety of
The Ultramid A3U40G5, B3UG4, B3U30G6, and B3UGM210 colors. Examples of its many and varied applications are
grades can combine the extensive property profile of rein- household appliances, plug connectors, also switchgear in
forced thermoplastics with UL 746 C compliance, and that buildings or industrial applications, and electrical systems
in different colors as the application requires. in vehicles – either conventional vehicles or those using
alternative drive systems.

Terminal carrier

Generator end cap Connectors

8
Ultramid® B3UGM210 is a light-colored plastic with a min- Ultramid C3U and A3U30 are unreinforced PA grades featuring
eral flame-retardant system showing extremely low smoke exceptional flowability and toughness. Ultramid A3U30 also
density ( Fig. 1) and smoke toxicity in the event of a fire. It achieves UL 94 class V-0 at a wall thickness of 0.25  mm –
achieves UL 94 class V-0. Its thermal conductivity is very and is to date the only material in this class to do so. Both of
high for plastics: 1 W/ m ∙ K. This grade is particularly suitable these materials can be produced in a lot of colors. Sample
for switchgear in buildings and industrial plants, in rail vehicles plaques achieve GWIT 775  °C in the glow-wire test. These
as well as for thermal management in electrical applications. two unreinforced flame-retardant grades are used wherever
high toughness is required combined with exceptionally good
fire performance. The current main application is terminal
The two grades Ultramid B3UG4 and B3U30G6 achieve UL strips for electrical systems in buildings and industrial switch-
94 class V-2. They were developed mainly for electrical sys- gear.
tems in buildings, in particular for circuit breakers. Ultramid
B3U30G6 is an advance on the well-established product
Ultramid B3UG4, providing another significant increase in
stiffness and improving the flowability. The result is increased
design freedom, for example in the field of miniaturization.

Circuit breaker

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Ultradur® ( PBT  )

Ultradur®, the polybutylene terephthalate ( PBT ) from BASF, Ultradur B4441 G5 has a newly developed flame retardance
has a specific combination of properties making it an ideal system which is halogen-free and color-neutral. It achieves
material for particular applications in electrical engineering UL 94 class V-0 even at 0.4  mm and passes the GWIT 775  °C
and electronics. It shows not only high stiffness and good glow-wire test. This grade is therefore highly suitable for
thermal resistance but also exceptional dimensional stability household appliances, plug connectors and automation appli-
and excellent long-term electrical and thermal performance. cations. It can also be used for automotive electronics com-
ponents like control devices and sensors, if these require
flame retardance equipment.
Flame-retardant PBT has up to now almost always used halo-
genated flame retardance systems. Halogen-free solutions
providing high efficiency have been rarely available to date Ultradur B4450 G5 is another newly developed product. It
because they are difficult to achieve. BASF can now sup- contains another innovative halogen-free flame retardance
plement the existing range of flame-retardant PBT with two system. Specific features here are very high tracking resis-
new Ultradur grades with halogen-free flame retardance and tance ( CTI 600 ) and exceptionally good contact corrosion
an excellent property profile. performance. Compliance with UL 94 V-0 is achieved for thick-
nesses starting at 1.5  mm. The product is laser-markable
( 1064 nm ) if it is uncolored, light-colored or black.

Steering angle sensor

ESP control unit Motor circuit breaker

10
Housing for drill hammer

Preferred application sectors are electrical systems in rail


vehicles, circuit breakers, plug connectors, and electronic
switching elements for higher voltages ( in e.  g. rail vehicles,
alternative drives, and photovoltaic systems ).

The well-established flame-retardant Ultradur® B4406 grades


are available without reinforcement and also with 10, 20
and 30  % glass fiber content. They feature good mechanical
properties, high dimensional stability, and exceptional flame
Airbag connectors
retardance: all colors and glass fiber contents achieve UL
94 V-0 from 0.4  mm wall thickness. Examples of application
sectors for these PBT grades are plug connectors, coil form-
ers, and other components of circuit breakers or low-voltage
industrial switchgear.

Connectors

11
Ultrason® ( PSU, PESU )

BASF’s Ultrason® grades are amorphous thermoplastics with 1200

Sheer modulus G' [MPa]


high temperature resistance, which are based on polysulfone
( PSU ) and polyether sulfone ( PESU ). Particular features are
1000
high dimensional stability and good mechanical properties
that are substantially independent of temperature.
800

Ultrason is inherently flame-retardant and in many formula- 600


tions requires no additional flame retardant to achieve UL 94
V-0 starting at a thickness of 1.5  mm. This property profile
together with good electrical insulation properties, high heat- 400
Ultrason® E
aging resistance, and good hydrolysis resistance makes
Ultrason S
Ultrason particularly suitable for highly stressed components
200
over a wide temperature range from -50 to +180  °C.

0 50 100 150 200 250 300


Typical examples of applications for Ultrason in electrical engi- Temperature [°C]

neering and electronics are:


Fig. 3: ISO 6721 shear modulus curve
coil formers, plug connectors, parts for circuit breakers and
relays

viewing windows for indicator lamps and switching boards,


lamp sockets, lamp covers and reflectors

heat shields, sensors, chip carriers, chip trays

Sheathing for fuses

12
13
BASF products and their possible
fields of application

GWIT ≥ 775 Halogen-free


Product UL 94 GWFI ≥ 850 flame Symbol
d = 1.5 mm retardant

Ultramid® unreinforced A3K V-2, 0.4 + +1) PA66


A3U30 V- 0, 0.25 + + PA66 FR
B3S V-2, 1.5 + +1) PA6
C3U V- 0, 0.4 + + PA6/66 FR
Ultramid reinforced A3U40G5 V- 0, 0.4 + + PA66 GF25 FR
A3X2G5 V- 0, 0.8 + PA66 GF25 FR
A3XZG5 V- 0, 1.5 + PA66-I GF25 FR
A3X2G7 V- 0, 0.8 + PA66 GF35 FR
A3X4G7 V -1, 0.4 + + PA66 GF35 FR
A3X2G10 V- 0, 1.5 + PA66 GF50 FR
B3UG4 V-2, 0.8 + PA6 GF20 FR
B3U30G6 V-2, 0.8 + PA6 GF30 FR
B3UGM210 V- 0, 1.5 + PA6 GF10-M50 FR
T KR4365 G5 V- 0, 0.8 + + PA6/6T GF25 FR
Ultradur® unreinforced B 4520 HB, 0.8 + +1) PBT
B 4406 V- 0, 0.4 PBT FR
Ultradur reinforced B 4406 G2 V- 0, 0.4 PBT GF10 FR
B 4406 G4 V- 0, 0.4 PBT GF20 FR
B 4406 G6 V- 0, 0.4 PBT GF30 FR
B 4441 G5 V- 0, 0.4 + + PBT GF25 FR
B 4450 G5 V- 0, 1.5 + PBT GF25 FR
Ultrason® unreinforced E 2010 V- 0, 1.5 + +1) PES
E 3010 V- 0, 1.5 +1) PES
Ultrason reinforced S 2010 G6 V -1, 1.5 +1) PSU GF30
E 2010 G4 V- 0, 1.5 + +1) PES GF20
E 2010 G6 V- 0, 1.5 + +1) PES GF30
1)
Product does not contain flame-retardant additive

14
Electrical house-
hold appliances

Terminal blocks

Connectors

Circuit breakers

Low-voltage
switch gears

Photovoltaics

Main field of application


Automotive con-
struction

Railway vehicles

15
Other fields of application
Ultramid ®
(PA)
Unverstärkte
Unreinforced
Marken
grades

Typical values at 23 °C for uncolored products Unit Test method Ultramid® A3K
Features
Symbol PA66
Density kg / m3 ISO 1183 1,130
Water absorption, equilibrium in water at 23 °C % ISO 62 8   -   9
Moisture absorption, equilibrium in standard cond. atmo. 23  °C  /  50  % r.h. % ISO 62 2.5   -   3.1

Flammability
Flammability acc. to UL 94 ( thickness ) class (mm) UL 94 V-2 (≥  0.4)

UL (  f1) proven for outdoor use: color code, min. thickness color, mm UL 746 C bk 00464, 1.5
UL 746 C fire /  ignition performance (  UL 94 + HAI + HWI  ), min. thickness mm UL 746 C 3
GWFI ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-12 960 (1)
GWIT ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-13 775 (≤  1.5)
Oxygen index % ISO 4589  -1/-2 28
Railway: Spec. optical density of smoke DS max. ( 20 min.), 25 kW / m2, 2 mm - EN ISO 5659  -2   -
Railway: Toxicity of smoke CIT NLP acc. to CEN   /   TS 45545-2 - NF X70  -100  -1/-2, CEN   /   TS 45545-2   -
Testing of materials for automobile interior, burning rate ≤ 100 mm  / min, d ≥ 1 mm ISO 3795, FMVSS 302 +
Railway: Hazard level acc. to requ. sets R23 and R24 class CEN   /   TS 45545-2   -

Electrical properties
Condition dry / moist
Dielectric constant at 1 MHz IEC 60250 3.2  / 5
Dissipation factor at 1 MHz 10-4 IEC 60250 250 / 2,000
Volume resistivity Ω·m IEC 60093 1013 /  1010
Surface resistivity Ω IEC 60093 * / 1010
CTI, test liquid A IEC 60112 600

Thermal properties
Heat distortion temperature HDT A (1.80 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 75
Heat distortion temperature HDT B ( 0.45 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 220
Temperature limit for application, max. time of use, known value for parts °C - 200
Temperature index for 50  % loss of tensile strength after 20,000 h  /  5,000 h °C IEC 60216 101 / 118
RTI “dielectric strength” at 1.5 mm thickness °C UL 746 B 125
Thermal conductivity, 23  °C W / (m ·  K ) DIN 52612-1 0.33
Specific heat capacity, 23  °C J / ( kg ·  K ) - 1,700
Coeff. of linear therm. expansion 23  °C - 55  °C ( parallel  /  perpendicular ) 10-6 / K ISO 11359  -1/-2 70  -100  / -

Mechanical properties
Condition dry / moist
Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa ISO 527-1/-2 3,100 / 1,100
Yield stress*, Stress at break MPa ISO 527-1/-2 85* /   50*
Yield strain % ISO 527-1/-2 5 / 20
Strain at break % ISO 527-1/-2 -
Tensile creep modulus, 1,000 h MPa ISO 899 -1 * / 700
Flexural modulus MPa ISO 178 2,900 / -
Flexural stress at max. force MPa ISO 178 -
Charpy impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU N / N
Charpy impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU -
Charpy notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 5 / 20
Charpy notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 4 / -
Izod notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A 5.5 / N
Izod notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A 6 / -

Processing
Melting temperature, DSC ( 10  °C  / min ) °C ISO 11357-1/-3 260
Melt volume-flow rate MVR, test temperature  /  load cm3  /  10 min.,  °C  /  kg ISO 1133 115, 275 / 5
Melt temperature range injection molding °C 280 - 300
Mold temperature range injection molding °C 60 -  80
Molding shrinkage, test box, d = 1.5 mm, TM, TW %  /  °C  /   °C - 0.85 / 290 / 60
Molding shrinkage parallel  /  perpendicular % ISO 294-4 1.38 / 1.68

Easy flowing injection-molding grade


for fast processing. Uses include highly
stressed technical parts such as bear-
ings and gear wheels; also electrically
insulating parts such as terminals and
cable connectors.

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Reinforced
grades

Ultramid® A3U30 Ultramid C3U Ultramid B3S Ultramid A3U40G5 Ultramid A3X2G5 Ultramid A3XZG5

PA66 FR PA66 / 6 FR PA6 PA66 GF25 FR PA66 GF25 FR PA66-I GF25 FR


1,180 1,160 1,130 1,420 1,340 1,320
7 -   8 8   -   9 9  -  10 4  -  4.6 5.7  -  6.3 4.7  -  5.3
2.2 -2.8 2.6 - 3.2 2.6  -  3.4 1.1  -  1.5 1.2  -  1.6 1  -  1.4

V-0 (≥  0.25) V-0 (≥  0.4) V-2 (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  0.4) HB (≥  0.4) V-0 (≥  1.5)
V-0 (≥  0.8)
5VA (≥  1.6) 5VA ( ≥  3 ) bk: 5VA (≥  2.3)
bk   /gy, 0.75  bk 23187, 1.6  bk 23187, 0.75 
0.75 0.4  - 0.4 0.6 bk , 0.75
960 (0.8 ) 960 (0.4) 960 ( 1  ) 960 ( 1  ) 960 (0.8)  -
775 (0.8 ) 775 ( ≤  1.5 ) 775 ( ≤  1.5 ) 775 ( ≥  1 )  -  -
- 34 26 35 27 27
- 60   - 100  217  -
- 0.41   - 0.41 0.42  -
+ + + + + +
- R23: HL3 / R24: HL3 - R23: HL3 / R24: HL3 - -

dry/ moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist


3.5  / - 3.6 / 6 3.3 / 7 3.8 / 4.6 3.7 / 5 3.8 / 4
200 / - 200 / 3,000 300 / 3,000 170 / 1,000 200 / 1,000 200 / 300
1013 /  1010 1013 / 10 9 1013 /  1010 1013 /  1010 1013 / 1010 1013 /  1010
* / 1015 * / 1010 * /  1010 * / 1015 * / 1010 * / 1010
600 600 600 600 550 575

80 70 65 245 250 240


215 210 180 260 250 250
200 200 180  - 220 180
- 107 / 123 87 /  97  - 139 / 157  -
130 120 130 120 120 120
0.33 0.33 0.33  - 0.33 0.33
1,500 1,700 1,700  - 1,500  -
60  -  80  /  60  -  90 60 -100  /  60-120 70 -100  / - 21 - 23  /  70 -100 25 - 35  /  60 - 80 20 - 30  /  60 - 70

dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist


3,700 / 1,800 3,500 / 1,500 3,400 / 1,200 10,000  /   7,400 8,000 / 6,000 6,500 / 4,500
80  /   50* 75* /  45* 90* /  45* 140 / 100 140 / 100 105  / 70
-  / 15 4 / 20 4 / 20 -  -  -
3  / -  -  - 2.8 / 3.8 3 / 4.5 6 / 11
- * / 890 * / 1,100 - * /  3,500 * / 2,000
3,600 / 1,800 3,000 / - 3,000 / - 9,800  /   7,400 7,100 / - 5,500 / -
120  /   55  -  - 220 / 160  - 115 / 100
50  / 120 80 / N 250 / N 60 / 60 65 / 70 90 / 100
45  /  35  - 200 / - 45 / 45 60 / 65 85 / 80
3  / - 6 / 35 4 / 50 7 / 7 13 / 17 25 / 30
- 4 / - 3 / - 6 / 6  -  -
- 4.5 / 11 5 / N 8 / 9 12  /  17 24 / -
- 3.5 / - 5 / -  -  - 10 / 10

260 243 220 260 260 260


200, 275 / 5 140, 275 / 5 175, 275 / 5 30,  275 / 5 40, 275 / 5 -
270 - 280 250 - 270 250 - 270 280 - 300 280 - 300 280 - 300
60 -  80 60 -  80 40 -  60 80 -  90 60 - 90 80  -  90
0.9 / 270 / 60 0.8 / 270 / 60 0.55 / 260 / 60 0.4 - 0.6 / 290 / 80 0.5  /  290  /  80 0.55 / 290 / 80
1.5  / 1.7 1.25 / 1.27 0.87 /  1 0.4 / 1.1 0.48 / 1.23 -

Injection-molding grade with Injection-molding grade with Easy flowing, finely crystalline injection- Flame-retardant without halogenes, Glass-fiber reinforced injection-molding Impact-modified, glass-fiber reinforced
improved flame retardance ( free improved flame retardance ( free molding grade for very fast processing. glass-fiber reinforced injection- grade with improved flame retardance injection-molding grade with improved
from halogens), used e. g. for from halogens), used e. g. for Uses include thin-walled technical parts molding grade; light colorable; out- and enhanced long-term stability. Flame flame retardance and enhanced long-
electrical insulating parts with impact resistant electrically in- (e. g. housings, fittings, grips, small standing mechanical and electrical retardant based on red phosphorus; term stability. Flame retardant based
very small wall thicknesses. sulating parts such as contact parts and fixing clamps). properties. outstanding mechanical and electrical on red phosphorus; for components
bases and plug connector strips. properties. requiring high stiffness and enhanced
toughness like photovoltaic connectors
and junction boxes.

17
Ultramid ®
(PA)
Unverstärkte
Reinforced
Marken
grades

Typical values at 23 °C for uncolored products Unit Test method Ultramid® A3X2G7
Features
Symbol PA66 GF35 FR
Density kg / m3 ISO 1183 1,450
Water absorption, equilibrium in water at 23 °C % ISO 62 4.4  -  5
Moisture absorption, equilibrium in standard cond. atmo. 23  °C  /  50  % r.h. % ISO 62 1  - 1.4

Flammability
Flammability acc. to UL 94 ( thickness ) class (mm) UL 94 HB (≥  0.4)
V-0 (≥  0.75)
bk: 5VA (≥  1.5)
UL (  f1) proven for outdoor use: color code, min. thickness color, mm UL 746 C bk 23187, 0.75 mm
UL 746 C fire /  ignition performance (  UL 94 + HAI + HWI  ), min. thickness mm UL 746 C 0.75
GWFI ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-12 960 (1 )
GWIT ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-13 -
Oxygen index % ISO 4589  -1/-2 27
Railway: Spec. optical density of smoke DS max. ( 20 min.), 25 kW / m2, 2 mm - EN ISO 5659  -2 180
Railway: Toxicity of smoke CIT NLP acc. to CEN   /   TS 45545-2 - NF X70  -100  -1/-2, CEN   /   TS 45545-2 0.38
Testing of materials for automobile interior, burning rate ≤ 100 mm  / min, d ≥ 1 mm ISO 3795, FMVSS 302 +
Railway: Hazard level acc. to requ. sets R23 and R24 class CEN   /   TS 45545-2 -

Electrical properties
Condition dry / moist
Dielectric constant at 1 MHz IEC 60250 3.6 / 5
Dissipation factor at 1 MHz 10-4 IEC 60250 200 / 2,000
Volume resistivity Ω·m IEC 60093 10 13 /  10 10
Surface resistivity Ω IEC 60093 * / 1010
CTI, test liquid A IEC 60112 600

Thermal properties
Heat distortion temperature HDT A (1.80 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 250
Heat distortion temperature HDT B ( 0.45 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 250
Temperature limit for application, max. time of use, known value for parts °C - 220
Temperature index for 50  % loss of tensile strength after 20,000 h  /  5,000 h °C IEC 60216 140 / 157
RTI “dielectric strength” at 1.5 mm thickness °C UL 746 B 125
Thermal conductivity, 23  °C W / (m ·  K ) DIN 52612-1 0.34
Specific heat capacity, 23  °C J / ( kg ·  K ) - 1,400
Coeff. of linear therm. expansion 23  °C - 55  °C ( parallel  /  perpendicular ) 10-6 / K ISO 11359  -1/-2 15 - 20  / 60 - 70

Mechanical properties
Condition dry / moist
Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa ISO 527-1/-2 11,000 / 8,500
Yield stress*, Stress at break MPa ISO 527-1/-2 160 / 120
Yield strain % ISO 527-1/-2 -
Strain at break % ISO 527-1/-2 3 / 4
Tensile creep modulus, 1,000 h MPa ISO 899 -1 * / 4,250
Flexural modulus MPa ISO 178 9,200 / -
Flexural stress at max. force MPa ISO 178 -
Charpy impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU 70 / 70
Charpy impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU 65 / -
Charpy notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 14 / 18
Charpy notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 10 / -
Izod notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A 13 / 20
Izod notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A -

Processing
Melting temperature, DSC ( 10  °C  / min ) °C ISO 11357-1/-3 260
Melt volume-flow rate MVR, test temperature  /  load cm3  /  10 min.,  °C  /  kg ISO 1133 30, 275  / 5
Melt temperature range injection molding °C 280 - 300
Mold temperature range injection molding °C 80 - 90
Molding shrinkage, test box, d = 1.5 mm, TM, TW %  /  °C  /   °C - 0.45  / 290  / 80
Molding shrinkage parallel  /  perpendicular % ISO 294-4 0.34  / 1.14

Glass-fiber reinforced injection-molding


grade with improved flame retardance
and enhanced long-term stability. Flame
retardant based on red phosphorus; very
high stiffness and strength; outstanding
mechanical and electrical properties.

18
Ultramid® A3X4G7 Ultramid A3X2G10 Ultramid B3UG4 Ultramid B3U30G6 Ultramid B3UGM210 Ultramid T KR 4365 G5

PA66 GF35 FR PA66 GF50 FR PA6 GF20 FR PA6 GF30 FR PA6 GF10-M50 FR PA6 / 6T GF25 FR
1,460 1,600 1,310 1,440 1,670 1,380
- 3.7 -  4.3 6.6 -  7.2 - 4.1  -  4.7 5  -  6
- 0.7 - 1.1 2 -  2.4 - 1 - 1.4 1.1 - 1.5

V-1 (≥  0.4) V-2 (≥  0.4) V -2 (≥  0.71 ) V -2 (  ≥  0.71  ) V-2 (≥  0.75) V-2 (≥  0.37)
V-0 (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  0.75)
5VA (≥  1.5)
bk 23215, 0.71 mm
0.4 0.75 1.5 1.5 0.75 0.75
960 (0.8) 960 (1 ) 960 (1 ) 960 (1 ) 960 (1 ) 960 (0.75)
775 (0.6) - - - - 775 (≥  0.75)
29 27 29 - >  45 26
200 - 200 - 10 -
0.38 - - - 0.23 -
+ + + + + +
R23: HL2 / R24: HL2 - R23: HL2 / R24: HL2 - R23: HL3 / R24: HL3 -

dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist


- 3.6 / 5 3.8 / - 4   / 4.8 4.5 / 5 4 / -
- 200 / 2,000 150 / - 200   / 1,000 150 / 500 200 / -
- 1013/  10 10 10 13 / 1011 10  13 /  10  9 10  13 /  10  10 10  13 / -
- * / 1010 * / 1010 * / 1014 * / 1013 * / -
600 600 550 525 600 600

250 250 170 180 195 270


- 250 210 210 215 -
- 220 200 - 200 270
- 125 / 145 160 / 185 - 149 / 167 125 / 150
- 115 140 - 130 140
- 0.35 0.4 - 1 0.31
- 1,300 1,300 - 1,400 1,400
- 15-20  / 40-50 50-55  / 50-60 - 40 - 60  / 40 - 50 25  / 50 - 60

dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist dry / moist


9,800 / - 16,000 / 12,000 6,000 / 3,000 8,000 / 4,300 11,000 / 6,500 8,300 / 8,000
130 / - 180 / 130 95 / 50 95 / 50* 110 / 80 150 / 140
- - - - - -
2.3 / - 2 / 3 3 / 6 3.2 / 10 1.8 / 2.5 3 / 3
- * / 5,400 * /  1,500 - - * /  6,400
- 13,000 / - 5,700 / 2,800 7,800   / 4,500 10,000 / - -
- - 150 / 70 160   /  90 165 / 115 -
60 / - 55 / 55 40 / 110 35  /  65 30 / 30 75 / -
- 50 / - 35 / - 25  /  25 30 / - -
- 13 / 16 3 / 9 3.7 /  6 2.5 / 4 13 / -
- 11 / - 3.4 / - - 2.7 / - -
- 14 / 20 5 / 10 - 2.5 / 4.5 13 / -
- - 4 / - - - -

260 260 220 220 220 295


15, 275 / 5 25,  275 / 5 120, 275 / 5 150, 275 / 5 25, 275 / 5 -
280  -  300 290  -  300 250  -  275 250  -  275 290  -  310 310  -  330
80  -  90 80  -  90 80  -  90 80  -  90 80  -  90 80  -  120
0.4 / 290 / 80 0.4 / 290 / 80 - 0.5 0.5 / 290 / 80 0.41 / 320 / 100
0.4 / 1.1 - 0.75 / 0.8 - - 0.55 / 1

Glass-fiber reinforced injection- Glass-fiber reinforced Halogen-free flame-retardant Halogen-free flame-proofed Halogen-free injection-molding Partially aromatic polyamide;
molding grade with improved injection-molding grade injection-molding grade with injection-molding grade with grade with very high rigidity, flame retardant based on red
flame retardance and enhanced with improved flame re- outstanding free-flow prop- outstanding free-flow properties, low smoke density and out- phosphorus; low water absorp-
long-term stability. Flame re- tardance and enhanced erties, good electrical proper- good electrical properties and low standing electrical properties. tion, high melting point ( 295  °C  );
tardant based on red phos- long-term stability. Flame ties and low smoke density; smoke density; resistant to glow low tendency to form deposits on
phorus; very high stiffness retardant based on red resistant to glow wire test up wire test to 960 °C. electrical contacts, very resistant
and strength; outstanding phosphorus; very high stiff- to 960  °C. to electrolytic corrosion, resistant
mechanical and electrical ness and strength; outstand- to soldering temperatures, can
properties. ing electrical properties. be electroplated.

19
Ultradur ®
(PBT)
Unreinforced
grades

Typical values at 23 °C for uncolored products Unit Test method Ultradur® B 4520
Features
Symbol PBT
Density kg / m³ ISO 1183 1,300
Water absorption, equilibrium in water at 23 °C % ISO 62 0.5
Moisture absorption, equilibrium in standard cond. atmo. 23  °C  /  50  % r.h. % ISO 62 0.25

Flammability
Flammability acc. to UL 94 ( thickness ) class (mm) UL 94 HB (≥  0.75)

UL (  f1) proven for outdoor use: color code, min. thickness color, mm UL 746 C
UL 746 C fire /  ignition performance (  UL 94 + HAI + HWI  ), min. thickness mm UL 746 C 3
GWFI ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-12 850 (≤  1.5)
GWIT ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-13 775 (≤  1.5)
Oxygen index % ISO 4589  -1/-2 20
Railway: Spec. optical density of smoke DS max. ( 20 min.), 25 kW / m2, 2 mm - EN ISO 5659  -2 -
Railway: Toxicity of smoke CIT NLP acc. to CEN   /   TS 45545-2 - NF X70  -100  -1/-2, CEN   /   TS 45545-2 -
Testing of materials for automobile interior, burning rate ≤ 100 mm  / min, d ≥ 1 mm ISO 3795, FMVSS 302 +
Railway: Hazard level acc. to requ. sets R23 and R24 class CEN   /   TS 45545-2 -

Electrical properties
Condition -
Dielectric constant at 1 MHz IEC 60250 3.3
Dissipation factor at 1 MHz 10-4 IEC 60250 200
Volume resistivity Ω·m IEC 60093 1014
Surface resistivity Ω IEC 60093 10 13
CTI, test liquid A IEC 60112 550

Thermal properties
Heat distortion temperature HDT A (1.80 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 65
Heat distortion temperature HDT B ( 0.45 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 165
Temperature limit for application, max. time of use, known value for parts °C - 200
Temperature index for 50  % loss of tensile strength after 20,000 h  /  5,000 h °C IEC 60216 120 /  140
RTI “dielectric strength” at 1.5 mm thickness °C UL 746 B 130
Thermal conductivity, 23  °C W / (m ·  K ) DIN 52612-1 0.27
Specific heat capacity, 23  °C J / ( kg ·  K ) - 1,250
Coeff. of linear therm. expansion 23  °C - 55  °C ( parallel  /  perpendicular ) 10-6 / K ISO 11359  -1/-2 130  /  -

Mechanical properties
Condition -
Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa ISO 527-1/-2 2,400
Yield stress*, Stress at break MPa ISO 527-1/-2 40*
Yield strain % ISO 527-1/-2 3.7
Strain at break % ISO 527-1/-2 *
Tensile creep modulus, 1,000 h MPa ISO 899 -1 1,200
Flexural modulus MPa ISO 178 2,400
Flexural stress at max. force MPa ISO 178 85
Charpy impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU N
Charpy impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU *
Charpy notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 6
Charpy notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 3
Izod notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A -
Izod notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A -

Processing
Melting temperature, DSC ( 10  °C  / min ) °C ISO 11357-1/-3 223
Melt volume-flow rate MVR, test temperature  /  load cm³  /  10 min.,  °C  /  kg ISO 1133 19, 250 / 2.16
Melt temperature range injection molding °C 250  -  275
Mold temperature range injection molding °C 40  -  70
Molding shrinkage, test box, d = 1.5 mm, TM, TW %  /  °C  /   °C - 1.2 / 260 / 60
Molding shrinkage parallel  /  perpendicular % ISO 294-4 -

Medium viscosity, rapidly freezing


injection-molding grade for chassis
and housings; technical parts of
home appliances, office and sewing
machines; coil formers.

20
Reinforced
grades

Ultradur® B 4406 Ultradur B 4406 G2 Ultradur B 4406 G4 Ultradur B 4406 G6 Ultradur B 4441 G5 Ultradur B 4450 G5

PBT FR PBT GF10 FR PBT GF20 FR PBT GF30 FR PBT GF25 FR PBT GF25 FR
1,450 1,500 1,550 1,650 1,530 1,610
0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
0.25 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

V-0 (≥  0.4) V-0 (≥  0.4) V-0 (≥  0.4) V-0 (≥  0.4) V-0 (≥  0.4) V-2 (≥  0.4)
5VA (≥  2.0) 5VA (≥  1.5) 5VA (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  1.5)
5VA (≥  2.0)
bk  07110, 0.75 mm
0.4 0.75 0.4 0.75 0.4 0.75
960 (1 ) 960 (1 ) 960 (1 ) 960 (1 )  960 (1 ) 960 (1 )
- - - - 775 (1 ) 675 (1 )
29 30 30 32 38 29
- - - - 430 230
- - - - 0.18 0.17
+ + + + + +
- - - - R23: HL1 / R24: HL2 R23: HL2 / R24: HL2

- - - - - -
3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.8
170 150 170 150 137 142
1014 1014 1014 1014 1014 1014
10 13 10 13 1013 1013 > 1016 > 1016
250 225 200 200 525 600

60 190 200 205 210 210


170 215 223 225 220 220
200 210 210 210 - -
110 /  135 120 /  130 120 /  130 125 / 150 - -
120 140 140 140 140 140
0.27 - - 0.32 - -
1,500 1,600 1,500 1,400 - -
50 / - 50 / - 28  /  - 20 / - 20 / 110 30 / 120

- - - - - -
3,000 5,500 8,200 11,300 9,800 9,500
65* 95 125 145 110 105
3.9 * * * * *
* 3.3 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.4
- - - 7,500 - -
- - - - 10,000 9,600
- - - - 180 180
50 30 48 60 45 42
* 30 50 55 47 44
4 6 9 10 7 5
4 * * * * *
- - - - - -
- - - - - -

223 223 223 223 220  - 225 220  - 225


30, 250 / 2.16 15, 250 / 2.16 11, 250 / 2.16 8, 250 / 2.16 15, 275 / 2.16 20, 275 / 2.16
245  -  270 250  -  270 250  -  270 250-270 260-280 260  -  280
40  -  70 60  - 100 60  -  100 60-100 60-100 60  - 100
1.3 / 260 / 60 - / 260 / 80 0.7 / 260 / 80 0.5 / 260 / 80 - -
- - - - 0.44 / 1.24 0.55 / 1.47

Injection-molding grade with Injection-molding grade with 10  % Injection-molding grade with 20  % Injection-molding grade with 30  % Injection-molding grade optimized Injection-molding grade for parts
migration-free flame retardant; glass fibers for parts requiring glass fibers for parts requiring glass fibers for parts requiring for the glow wire requirements acc. requiring enhanced fire resistance
for parts requiring enhanced fire enhanced fire resistance ( e. g. relay enhanced fire resistance ( e. g. relay enhanced fire resistance ( e. g. po- to IEC 60335, for parts requiring as well as increased tracking re-
resistance ( e. g. plug-and-socket housings, coil formers, switches, housings, plug-and-socket connec- tentiometer parts, plug-and-socket enhanced fire resistance ( e. g. com- sistance ( e. g. lamp sockets, con-
connectors, housings ). lighting components, plug-and-socket tors, switches, lighting components ). connectors, switches ). ponents for household appliances, nectors, power switches, coil
connectors ). connectors, power switches ), halo- formers, housings for control units ),
gen and antimon free. halogen and antimon free.

21
Ultrason ®
(PESU, PSU, PPSU)
Unreinforced
grades

Typical values at 23 °C for uncolored products Unit Test method Ultrason® E 2010
Features
Symbol PES
Density kg / m3 ISO 1183 1,370
Water absorption, equilibrium in water at 23 °C % ISO 62 2.2
Moisture absorption, equilibrium in standard cond. atmo. 23  °C  /  50  % r.h. % ISO 62 0.8

Flammability
Flammability acc. to UL 94 ( thickness ) class (mm) UL 94 V-0 (≥  1.5)
5VA (≥  3)

UL (  f1) proven for outdoor use: color code, min. thickness color, mm UL 746 C
UL 746 C fire /  ignition performance (  UL 94 + HAI + HWI  ), min. thickness mm UL 746 C 1.5
GWFI ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-12 960 (1  )
GWIT ( thickness ) °C (mm) IEC 60695-2-13 825 (1  )
Oxygen index % ISO 4589  -1/-2 38
Railway: Spec. optical density of smoke DS max. ( 20 min.), 25 kW / m2, 2 mm - EN ISO 5659  -2 -
Railway: Toxicity of smoke CIT NLP acc. to CEN   /   TS 45545-2 - NF X70  -100  -1/-2, CEN   /   TS 45545-2 -
Testing of materials for automobile interior, burning rate ≤ 100 mm  / min, d ≥ 1 mm ISO 3795, FMVSS 302 +
Railway: Hazard level acc. to requ. sets R23 and R24 class CEN   /   TS 45545-2 -

Electrical properties
Condition moist
Dielectric constant at 1 MHz IEC 60250 3.8
Dissipation factor at 1 MHz 10-4 IEC 60250 140
Volume resistivity Ω·m IEC 60093 >1013
Surface resistivity Ω IEC 60093 >1015
CTI, test liquid A IEC 60112 125

Thermal properties
Heat distortion temperature HDT A (1.80 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 205
Heat distortion temperature HDT B ( 0.45 MPa ) °C ISO 75-1/-2 218
Temperature limit for application, max. time of use, known value for parts °C - 220
Temperature index for 50  % loss of tensile strength after 20,000 h  /  5,000 h °C IEC 60216 180 / -
RTI “dielectric strength” at 1.5 mm thickness °C UL 746 B 180
Thermal conductivity, 23  °C W / (m ·  K ) DIN 52612-1 0.19
Specific heat capacity, 23  °C J / ( kg ·  K ) - 1,000
Coeff. of linear therm. expansion 23  °C - 55  °C ( parallel  /  perpendicular ) 10-6 / K ISO 11359  -1/-2 52 / -

Mechanical properties
Condition -
Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa ISO 527-1/-2 2,700
Yield stress*, Stress at break MPa ISO 527-1/-2 90*
Yield strain % ISO 527-1/-2 6.7
Strain at break % ISO 527-1/-2 *
Tensile creep modulus, 1,000 h MPa ISO 899 -1 2,700
Flexural modulus MPa ISO 178 -
Flexural stress at max. force MPa ISO 178 -
Charpy impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU N
Charpy impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eU N
Charpy notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 6.5
Charpy notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 179  -1eA 7
Izod notched impact strength + 23  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A 6.5
Izod notched impact strength - 30  °C kJ  / m2 ISO 180  -A 7

Processing
Melting temperature, DSC ( 10  °C  / min ) °C ISO 11357-1/-3 -
Melt volume-flow rate MVR, test temperature  /  load cm3  /  10 min., °C  /  kg ISO 1133 70, 360 / 10
Melt temperature range injection molding °C 340  -  390
Mold temperature range injection molding °C 140  -  180
Molding shrinkage, test box, d = 1.5 mm, TM, TW %  /  °C  /   °C - 0.71 / 360 / 160
Molding shrinkage parallel  /  perpendicular % ISO 294-4 0.82 / 0.86

Unreinforced, medium viscosity standard


injection-molding grade. Abbreviated
designation according to ISO 1043-1: PESU.

22
Reinforced
grades

Ultrason® E 3010 Ultrason S 2010 G6 Ultrason E 2010 G4 Ultrason E 2010 G6

PES PSU GF30 PES GF20 PES GF30


1,370 1,490 1,500 1,600
2.2 0.6 1.6 1.6
0.8 0.2 0.6 0.6

V-0 (≥  1.5) V-1 (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  1.5) V-0 (≥  1.5)


5VA (≥  3)

1.5 1.5 - 1.5


960 (1  ) 960 (1  ) 960 (1  )  960 (1  )
- - 825 (1  ) 875 (1  )
38 40 44.5 44.5
- - - -
- - - -
+ + + +
- - - -

moist moist moist moist


3.8 3.7 4.2 4.3
140 60 100 100
>1013 >1013 >1013 >1013
>1015 >1015 >1015 >1015
125 125 125 125

207 183 220 220


218 187 224 224
220 180 220 220
180 / - 160 / - 180 / - 190 / -
180 160 180 180
0.18 0.22 0.19 0.23
1,000 - - 913
52 / - 22 / - 20 / - 15 / -

- - - -
2,700 9,400 7,300 10,000
90* 120 125 140
6.7 * * *
* 1.7 2.5 1.9
2,700 8,300 5,600 8,300
- - - -
- - - -
N 33 47 42
N - 45 45
7.5 7 6.5 8
7.5 - - 8
7.5 7 6.5 8
7 7 - 8

- - - -
35, 360 / 10 30, 360 / 10 29, 360 / 10 25, 360 / 10
350  -  390 350  -  390 350  -  390 350  -  390
140  -  180 130  -  180 150  -  190 150  -  190
0.75 / 370 / 160 0.34 / 360 / 150 0.45 / 370 / 170 0.4 / 370 / 170
0.85 / 0.9 0.29 / 0.46 0.36 / 0.61 0.28 / 0.58

Unreinforced, higher viscosity injection- Medium viscosity injection-molding Medium viscosity injection-molding Medium viscosity injection-molding
molding and extrusion grade, tougher grade with high rigidity and strength, grade with high rigidity and strength, grade with high rigidity and strength,
and with improved chemical resistance. 30  % glass-fiber reinforced. Abbreviated 20  % glass-fiber reinforced. Abbreviated 30  % glass-fiber reinforced. Abbreviated
Abbreviated designation according to designation according to ISO 1043-1: designation according to ISO 1043-1: designation according to ISO 1043-1:
ISO 1043-1: PESU. PSU-GF. PESU-GF. PESU-GF.

23
Engineering plastics for the E/E industry – Literature

Engineering plastics for the E / E industry – Standards and ratings


Engineering plastics for the E / E industry – Products, applications, typical values
Engineering plastics for the E / E industry – Poster (not available as PDF)

Note
The data contained in this publication are based on our current knowledge and
experience. In view of the many factors that may affect processing and applica-
tion of our product, these data do not relieve processors from carrying out own
investigations and tests; neither do these data imply any guarantee of certain
® = registered trademark of BASF SE
properties, nor the suitability of the product for a specific purpose. Any descrip-
tions, drawings, photographs, data, proportions, weights etc. given herein may
change without prior information and do not constitute the agreed contractual
quality of the product. It is the responsibility of the recipient of our products to
ensure that any proprietary rights and existing laws and legislation are observed.
( May 2012 )

Please visit our websites: Request of brochures:


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Tel.: +49 621 60-78780


Fax: +49 621 60-78730 KT / K, F 204
BASF Plastics:
Fax: + 49 621 60 - 49497
www.plasticsportal.com ( World )
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Additional information on
specific products:
www.plasticsportal.eu  /name of product E-Mail:
ultraplaste.infopoint@basf.com
e. g. www.plasticsportal.eu  /ultramid