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Introduction to the organs involved in the respiratory system The respiratory system consists of a set of organs that help

in breathing of air in and out of the body. They provide a passage way for air to flow in and out o f the body. The air taken in is stored in the lungs where oxygen from the air is diffused into the blood stream, and carbon di oxide from the blood stream diffu ses out of into the air. Thus, the air which we breath in contains more Oxygen w hile the air which we breath out contains more of Carbon di oxide. The main respiratory organs are as follows:Nose Pharynx Larynx Trachea Bronchi Lungs Structure and Functions of Organs Involved in the Respiratory System Nose The nose has two external nostrils . These are separated by a cartilaginous (mad e up of cartilage) structure called septum. Hairs are present in the inner linin g of the nostrils. The nostrils open up into a wide cavity, the nasal chambers. The nose has many important functions as follows:Prevents entry of dust particles. Otherwise, these particles could cause many pr oblems for the smooth flow of gases in and out of the lungs. The mucus traps microorganisms, like bacteria and fungi and thus prevents them f rom entering the human body. Air breathed in is moisturized and warmed up on coming in contact with mucus. Sense of smell is provided by the sensory cells located in a pocket in the nasal chambers. Pharynx The nasal chambers open into a wide cavity called the pharynx. It is a common path for food and air. Prevents entry of food from into the wind pipe. The epiglottis is a covering over the wind pipe. If one talks during swallowing, the epiglottis is forced to open (to allow air t o go outwards), and food enters the wind pipe, causing cough. Larynx It is made up of two cartilaginous chords. They are located at eh point of joini ng of the pharynx and trachea. It is also called the voice box, or Adam's apple. It is the part which rises and falls when one swallows food. It produces sound as air passes through the hollow in the middle. Trachea The trachea, or the wind pipe, emerges from below the larynx and goes down below through the neck. Walls of trachea are made up of C shaped cartilaginous rings, which provide stre ngth to the trachea and keep it fully distended. Bronchi The trachea divides into two tubes called bronchi, which enter each lung respect ively. The bronchi divides further into secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, and then bronchioles. The bronchioles further divide into small air sacs called alv eoli. The alveoli are small sacs of air so thin walled that their walls are just one c ell thick. These provide an interface for the diffusion of respiratory gases in and out of the blood stream, because the air s acs containing respiratory gases are in contact with the blood stream of blood v essels

The one cell thick walls of alveoli. provides for the diffusion of respiratory gases in and out of the blood st ream. on one side of which is present the air bre athed in and on the other side of which is present the blood stream of blood ves sels.Lungs They are the main centers of respiration. .