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by Steve Mizrach
The Origins of Fascism
There have been many attempts to understand and explain fascism in purely materialistic and economic terms, and perhaps as many analyses looking beyond conventional socio-economic factors to more unusual origins. The problem is that 'fascism,' like communism, has several ﬂavors and varieties, some of which (like Maoism and Leninism) are somewhat at odds with each other. Clearly, some of the purported inﬂuences on German Nazism, such as pan-Germanism and neo-paganism, had not played as much of a role in Spanish, Italian, or Latin American fascist movements, which emerged out of Catholic roots. Nazism has been analyzed from various perspectives, including that of Wilhelm Reich, who saw it as a massive 'armoring' of society resulting from the sexual dysfunction of the populace1, and Norman Cohn2, who saw parallels between the Nazis and millenarian, anti-Semitic, and eschatological movements of the Middle Ages such as the Lollards. Historians have a problem with getting a grasp on fascism, because it is a label applied to such a wide panoply of political movements (especially by putative political opponents) - some collectivist or corporatist, others radically individualist; some rabidly puritanical, others ﬂouting of all morality and taste; and some imperialistic, while others are isolationist. Today, we ponder the applicability of the label to our own politicians. Is Pat Buchanan a fascist? What about Lyndon LaRouche, Jacques Le Pen, Leonard Jeffries, or David Duke, whose attacks on afﬁrmative action closely parallel that of the 'mainstream' Republican party? Is fascism necessarily racist, anti-Semitic, or religiously biased? Was Barry Goldwater calling for fascism when he said “"extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice?"” How about politicians who run on a "law and order" or "America First!" plaform- some of whom are assumedly liberal Democrats? German Nazism as a particularly unique brand of fascism must be closely examined and understood and its historical geneaology traced. It will not do to go after "fascism" with a wide sociological lens (which is, not suprisingly, unfocused) and tar all right-wing thinkers with the same brush. And one of the important roots of German Nazism is, in fact, the existence of certain high-proﬁle occult societies who operated in the period between the wars- the Germanorden, the Thule Gellenschaft, Ariosophy, and the Neo-Templars3.
Blame It on Blavatsky, et al.
Sadly, most of the analyses of Nazism leave all of its various occult roots at the doorstep of one poor old Russian woman, Helena Blavatsky. The German occult societies appropriated some Theosophical ideas, to be sure, to the same extent that the Nazis eagerly distorted some of the doctrines of Nietzsche (so carefully doctored by his sister to omit the parts where he condemns German nationalism as an "abyss of stupidity!"4 or disavows anti-Semitism.) When Nietzsche discusses the Superman, he does not say that he shall be a German or an Aryan, only that we will not recognize him. It should be
interest in the Runes. Jung is blamed for reviving interest in mythology and the workings of the racial unconscious. not as a herald of good fortune6." It should be pointed out that the Nazis closed most of the Theosophical lodges in Germany. and that many of the world's myths (from the Hindus to the Greeks) had a common 'Aryan' origin was gaining ground among respectable philologists and antiquarians8. There are others often mentioned in this occult cast of villains.Astral. The German Occult Orders While it is true that the various German mystical societies borrowed some of their ideas from Hermetic/Rosicrucian groups in England and from Theosophists on the continent. Both reacted in horror to the "primitive" African. Many Russians in 1905 were already promoting the Protocols of the Elders of Zion as evidence that the inferior Semitic races were trying to bring about Bolshevism and the downfall of Europe. Aryan. and for originally supporting the Nazis because of their attempts to revive Teutonic ritual and mythic thinking. and found the soaring Wagnerian operas much more to their liking.came out of the general climate attendant with the new pan-Germanic nationalism. In particular.did not assign much importance to the Aryan race. Blavatsky does not attach much importance to racial magic. In places like Vichy France. The German mystical societies essentially saw a coming struggle between . Latino. some of their principles are different. and the Swastika (along with the belief that Christianity had broken the back of Teutonic civilization) . who both advanced the belief that the West was in decline from the onslaught of "Magianism" or the "World Cavern" philosophy of the Oriental Semites. which was in direct contrast to the Apollonian or Faustian guiding principle of 'no limits' which governed the European/Aryan races9. sort of like a 'mutant' strain. and the Coming Race . Jung himself described Nazism as the type of mass psychosis that afﬂicts a society when its leader becomes 'possessed' by one of the archetypes of the unconscious. Their Teutonophilism . including Rudolf Steiner's Goetheaneum. they heard the "savage jungle beats of the tom-tom drum" in jazz and much of modern music. Nordic myths. Lemurian. Hyperborean." he issues it as a warning. They would also be supplanted in turn by the Sixth Root Race. and Polynesian elements that artists like Picasso and Gauguin were importing into Western art. aping the Nazi party line while passing on important information to its enemies in their journal Vaincre. Gurdjieff and Crowley are also mentioned as possible Reich supporters. which she puts in the category of "sorcery. which is astounding based on the evidence that both may have well been working clandestinely for the Resistance movements in France and England. which would arise out of all the existing races and nations. and banned Freemasonry and many other occult societies. occult groups might have had no choice but to appear ﬁrmly in the Nazi fold7. seem to have acted as inﬁltrators. Yet.pointed out that Blavatsky's doctrine of the Six Root Races5 . The idea that all the languages of Europe had one Indo-European source. when Jung discusses that the dreams of many patients in the 1930s reveal the archetype of a "great blond beast. such as the Prieure du Sion. their emphasis on the mystical powers of the Aryan race and its resulting 'decline' and degeneration from miscegnation with lower races is a unique idea. Guido von Liszt (founder of the Germanorden) may not have been as important in the Nazi pantheon as Oswald Spengler and Alfred Rosenberg. a clear sign of 'degeneration.' Not unlike some anti-rock music phillistines today. Many occult groups. Atlantean.
" The Lebensraum (Land-Reform) movements of the 1930s reacted violently against modern industrial. as did extremely strange beliefs about giants and demons and cosmic battles ripped straight out of some Ragnarokian script. pure. the legend was that there was an underground kingdom whose ruler. (Hitler had blueprints in place for an invasion of America. There are all sorts of rumours that some sort of evil-looking Oriental monk with a green hat was often seen around Nazi party functions. Aryan.a struggle that would be apocalyptic and where there could be no quarter whatsoever afforded for the enemy. Hitler openly declared himself an enemy of "bourgeouis reason" and extolled the virtue of "thinking with the blood. A notable example is the Holy Vehm. Like the hippies of the 'irrationalist'1960s. spiritual civilization . the Lebensraumers advocated abandoning the cities for communal village life. but others also remember that it was one of Hitler's names for his coming Thousand Year Reich. Bizarre hollow-earth and Horbigerian world-ice cosmologies proliferated. In the 1930s. Asia. the Master of the World. noble peasant living off the land. Freemasons.various conspiratorial organizations are formed to combat real or ﬁctitious 'subversive' conspiracies. Therein lay the roots of Nazism and the Holocaust. Hitler often made reference to the Vehm in some of his writings. there were whole journals dedicated to the researches of Atlantis and other lost continents and the possible Atlantean origins of the Nordic peoples. and Bolsheviks had their own plan for taking over the world wasn't it all laid out in the Protocols of the Elders of Zion? This is a pattern repeated throughout history . They know that as the code phrase for OWG (One-World Government). While Napoleon may have contemplated ruling all of Europe. and urban tendencies. Certainly the Nazis themselves believed that the Jews. and were just as enamored . anyway) with the Illuminati and their supposed design for world control10. with some ulterior design of their own.) Some think that there may well have been Theosophist-like "Ascended Masters" behind their grab for power. and rounded up and executed what they believed to be a conspiratorial band of witches and heretics opposed to the king. suggesting perhaps that a group of mystic lamas somewhere in Tibet might be the hidden puppet-masters of the Nazis. and he assumed Italy would control Africa and the Japanese. was already controlling many of the kings of the earth and would soon launch an invasion for complete control.the forces of materialism and relativism and that of true. conspiratorialists all over the world went nuts. New World Order? There are various authors who propose that the Nazis were only the 'front' organization for a more sinister. the Nazis were close students of 'geopolitics' and may well have been the ﬁrst would-be conquerors to consider the ramiﬁcations of world domination. clandestine Hidden Directorate. The Triumph of Irrationality? James Webb and others have made much of the way in which irrationalistic ideas took such strong hold under the Third Reich11. and extolled instead the icon of the simple. By the 1840s in Germany the legend of Agharti was already making its rounds. International Bankers. a vigilante organization in the Middle Ages that wore hoods to conceal their anonymity. technological. When George Bush used the phrase "New World Order" in 1990. The phrase has been associated for a long time (long before Robert Anton Wilson.
etc. The so-called Spear of Longinus kept in the imperial museum of Austria was said to be the spear that pierced the side of Christ (and contained a nail from the Cross) and was the spear that the Roman emperor Maximilian and the Holy Roman emperors of Austria carried as a standard into battle14. They pursued researches into atomic energy and radar as vigoruously as the allies. scientists have done horrible things to people .forget the animals who anger the anti-vivisectionists . they could be said represent the apotheosis. The extermination program of the Nazis was carried out with industrially and scientiﬁcally efﬁcient methodic precision . it is clear that Hitler modelled his S. for example. belief in equality. one might note.) had been rammed down its throat by Christianity. were interested in the answers to purely rational questions of medical science: what happens to German pilots who are downed and must live on salt water or are trapped in frozen climes? Can we transplant skin from one patient to another? They sought the answers by taking Jews.experiments justiﬁed by the belief that such groups were 'subhuman' anyway. "natural living" and nudism. of modernity. banning of marriages with southern and eastern Europeans. The Nazis advocated the Promethean power of science and often promoted the Hindenburg and the V2 base at Peneemunde as signs of the triumph of German science. at least in public . reviving authentic craftsmanship. by exterminating or banishing the main sector of the German intellegentsia Jews. The Spear of Destiny and the Holy Grail Of particular interest to students of the 'hidden history' of the Third Reich is Hitler's interest in the Spear of Destiny. the "science" of breeding better babies and carrying out applied Social Darwinism. considering the anti-Christian bias of the Nazis. and there were many 'respectable' medical societies promoting eugenics programs here in America. From Tuskeegee to Edgewood.and not just from Indiana Jones movies. who felt that everything wrong with the West (paciﬁsm.of 'deep ecology. troops on the Templars and other Crusader orders. (They may have been hindered in their pursuits.) Eugenics. What they lacked was not reason but values.who never really seemed to make a big deal out of it when it was seized from the museum. an 'alien' religion from the Orient.that the Nazis were fascinated with ﬁnding lost mystical relics. meditation. Yet it might be a mistake to see Nazism as merely a reaction against scientiﬁc materialism and modernity.in the name of the science which is supposedly to beneﬁt their lives.the Nazis kept genealogical records tracing back seven centuries and were able to make their trains run on time. and other groups and performing inhumane experiments on them. In many ways. involving such aspects as forced sterilization of the lower classes and the handicapped. the Nazi state merely took many of the features of the modern 'Enlightenment' nation-state to their logical extremes. and humanity13. alternative (holistic) medicine. There is a famous poster from 1937 showing Hitler as a Templar . Nonetheless.' folk music. their experiments epitomized one of the prime problems of 20th century science: its advances far outstrip man's moral and social evolution. not the interruption.S. such as Einstein. How important the spear really was to Hitler .is not clear. That is unusual. The Nazi doctors. Walter Stein insisted that Hitler was fascinated by the spear and felt that possession of it would mean victory for the Nazi cause of world domination and the triumph over Christianity. and the Jesuits and the Masons. compassion. In many ways. had gained considerable respectability by the 1930s. and even animal rights. But we know. particularly those associated with Christianity. and denial of immigration to 'lower' races12. Gypsies.
in holy armor. While Nieztsche felt nauseous from Wagner's Parsifal (for its caving into the 'sickening' ideals of Christian chivalry). by 1949. although Bulwer-Lytton had maintained it was the property of a race living inside the earth. For a long time.for maximum propaganda value. Ergo.' though the ETH-UFO hypothesis caught on soon after. There was also some interest by the Nazi cadres in parapsychology as an espionage device . But what captivated Hitler's interest most of all was his interest in hypnosis or the occult powers of 'fascination.' Witnesses of the Nuremberg rallies claim that people there were in a trancelike state. Otto Rahn was searching for the Holy Grail in the south of France in 1938.lighting."”15 It is not known whether the Nazis really ever searched for the Ark of the Covenant. Hitler claimed to have studied the mystical charismatic powers of earlier leaders. worked on a saucer design for one of his 'antigravity' ships16. and read a great deal about the Jesuits' psychological techniques of focused concentration and devotion.research that appears to be carried along by the intelligence apparati of the two victorious Allied powers (our CIA and the Soviet KGB. and there was a small minority that thought the Nazis may have created the 'ﬂying saucers. the Nazi cadres seem to have vigorously promoted it. if we do not stamp out belief in . Occultism = Nazism? NOT! There are those of a so-called 'skeptical' bent that have been promoting a rather sloppy thesis of late. That thesis is based on a few deceptively simple assertions. though there are tantalizing hints that they may well have been laying out blueprints for a search of northern Africa and Egypt for that Jewish relic. Why they thought they might enlist the gods of their enemies in their destruction is not clear.) Further. it was believed that the 'foo ﬁghters' and 'ghost rockets' of the 1940s were a secret Nazi weapon. the occult. Nazi Interest in Parapsychology and the Paranormal There was widespread interest by the Nazis in various paranormal topics. they may have been true sorcerous mesmerists. Viktor Shauberger. and some of his architecture betrays knowledge of principles of mystical geometry and numerology. glassy-eyed and open mouthed with awe. and crowd psychology . preparing to do battle with Satan. The Nazis were devotees of the irrational. But Trevor Rayvenscroft and others are of the opinion that the Nazis may have been more than just master propagandists. It is well known that Hitler consulted astrologers for propitious dates for his military campaigns and employed dowsers on the battleﬁeld to search for water and for mineﬁelds. Instead he claimed it was “"a power source of indescribable magnitute. and the paranormal. possessing the minds of thousands of people. Albert Speer was clearly very interested in geomancy and the ley lines and sacred spots of Germany. the tenor of the voice. The Nazis did horrible things. the Nazis were interested in antigravity and 'free energy' devices. a Nazi scientist. It is certain that Hitler's minister Goebbels did employ carefully crafted techniques of social control . though he did not appear to think that what he was looking for was a wine cup from the Last Supper or the blood of Jesus. Some people maintain the CIA's MKUltra mind-control experiments may have been derived from Nazi researchers smuggled into this country through Project Paperclip17. The Vril Society in Germany promoted the idea that there might be a mystical energy within the earth that could be tapped by the German people.Knight.
when the Nazi canon of naturalist realism in art took hold. Lincoln. despite all its anti-Roosevelt diatribes. Read Spengler's Decline of the West or Rosenberg's Myth of the 20th Century. 17. The Occult Conspiracy.' however vaguely deﬁned. Lincoln. 16. 5. 2. but they eventually came to repudiate them as well. Holy Blood. Elizabeth Holtzmann. and Leigh. 11. Forteanism. 12. and other metaphysical philosophers may have been initially ﬂirtatious with Nazi ideas. or punk rockers) of being Nazis. such as the Coventry witches who placed an 'occult circle of power' around the British Isles to protect them from the Germans (well-intentioned. and by extension accuse other social movements that are against the notion of 'progress' (e. as well as other forms of divination. etc. None Dare Call it Conspiracy. another Nazi regime may come to power. 3. The Nazi Doctors. Nesta Webster. democracy and freedom are threatened. are not as clearcut as some might have us think. Dreams.the occult and paranormal. 8. it should be noted that a little-known journal of irrationality. The Surrealists (Andre Breton. See Robert Jay Lifton. Little Man! See Norman Cohn.) Not everyone interested in the paranormal.. The Pursuit of the Millenium. Heidegger. Reﬂections. postmodernists. mythical. metaphysical. 6. It is simply unfair and simplistic to see the Nazis only as a revolt against science. Anti-Gravity and the World Grid. In Search of Human Nature. 4. and most of them ﬂed Germany early on. if ineffective against the V2s. 14. Holy Grail. environmentalists. See closely Blavatksy's Secret Doctrine. 9. Baigent.) And there were many attempts by the Nazis to stamp out occult societies who did not agree with their party line. (One of the ﬁrst acts of the Nazis was to ban fortunetelling and Tarot card reading. The Religions of Old Europe. David Hatcher Childress. Webb. See Trevor Rayvenscroft. The relationship between occultism and 'irrationalism. 10. Baigent. There were many occultists who resisted the Nazi regime. and Western Judeo-Christianity. The idiocy of this position should be fairly clear. reason. For the record. See one of Reich's greatest rants. Carl Gustav Jung. technology. or occult is a Nazi. Michael Howard. if you can deal with its impenetrable text. Carl Degler. and the relationship of all these ideologies to Nazism is highly complex. Marija Gimbutas. Listen. such as Steiner's Anthroposophists. and Leigh. The Spear of Destiny. et al. which they consider to be an irrational pursuit) is on the rise. The Messianic Legacy.) also wanted to get 'in touch' with man's unconscious or 'nonrational' side. the Nazis clearly distorted and twisted many occult philosophies and systems to ﬁt their own purposes and goals. the Enlightenment. Stated quite clearly in Nietzsche's Gay Science. Secret Agenda: Project Paperclip. The Occult Underground and The Occult Establishment. 1. Return to Politix . 13. never carried one pro-Nazi editorial. since they associated them with the 'despicable' Gypsies. 7. and other attempts at resistance to the unwanted tendencies within the urban-industrial nation-state. Memories. Doubt . Thomas Mann. 15. This silly syllogism is employed to maximum effect by the purported rationalists of CSICOP: when irrationalism (ergo.g.